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The NASA Goddard
Institute for Space Studies (GISS), at Columbia
University in New York City, is a component laboratory
of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center
Earth-Sun Exploration Division and a unit of The Earth Institute at Columbia University.
Current research at GISS emphasizes a broad study of global climate
GISS was established in May 1961 by Robert Jastrow to do basic research in
space sciences in support of Goddard programs. It was then called
the Goddard Space Flight Center Institute for Space Studies but
quickly became generally known as the Goddard Institute for Space
GISS is currently directed by James E. Hansen.
Climatologists Drew Shindell and Gavin Schmidt of
NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, have received
Scientific American magazine's Top
50 Scientist award in
A key objective of GISS research is prediction of atmospheric
and climate changes in the 21st century. The research combines
analysis of comprehensive global datasets, derived mainly from
spacecraft observations, with global models of atmospheric, land
surface, and oceanic processes.
As the principal NASA center for Earth observations, Goddard
Space Flight Center plays a leading role in global change research.
Global change studies at GISS are coordinated with research at
other groups within the Earth Sciences Division, including the
Laboratory for Atmospheres, Laboratory for Hydrospheric and
Biospheric Sciences, and Earth Observing System science office.
Coordinates: 40°48′20″N 73°57′55″W / 40.80544°N