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Golden Gate National Recreation Area
IUCN Category V (Protected Landscape/Seascape)
Location San Francisco Bay Area, California, USA
Nearest city San Francisco, California
Coordinates 37°47′00″N 122°28′00″W / 37.7833333°N 122.4666667°W / 37.7833333; -122.4666667Coordinates: 37°47′00″N 122°28′00″W / 37.7833333°N 122.4666667°W / 37.7833333; -122.4666667
Area 74,820 acres (30,280 ha)
Established October 27, 1972
Visitors 13,602,629 (in 2005)
Governing body National Park Service

The Golden Gate National Recreation Area (GGNRA) is a U.S. National Recreation Area administered by the National Park Service that surrounds the San Francisco Bay area. It is one of the most visited units of the National Park system in the United States, with over 13 million visitors a year. It is also one of the largest urban parks in the world, with a size two-and-a-half times that of the consolidated city and county of San Francisco.

The park is not one continuous locale, but rather a collection of areas that stretch from northern San Mateo County to southern Marin County, and includes several areas of San Francisco. The park is as diverse as it is expansive; it contains famous tourist attractions such as Muir Woods National Monument, Alcatraz, and the Presidio of San Francisco. The GGNRA is also home to 1,273 plant and animal species, encompasses 59 miles (95 km) of bay and ocean shoreline and has military fortifications that span centuries of California history, from the Spanish conquistadors to Cold War-era Nike missile sites.

Contents

History

The park was created thanks in large part to efforts to create it by Congressman Phillip Burton. In 1972, President Richard Nixon signed into law "An Act to Establish the Golden Gate National Recreation Area." The bill allocated $120 million for land acquisition and development. The National Park Service first purchased Alcatraz and Fort Mason from the U.S. Army. Then to complete the national park in the north bay, the Nature Conservancy purchased the land in the Marin Headlands that made up the failed development project called Marincello from the Gulf Oil Corporation. The Nature Conservancy then transferred the land to the GGNRA. These properties formed the initial basis for the park.

Throughout the next 30 years, the National Park service acquired land and historic sites from the U.S. Army, private landowners and corporations, incorporating them into the GGNRA. The acquisitions range from the historic Cliff House restaurant and Sutro Baths in San Francisco, to large and expansive forest and costal lands, such as Sweeney Ridge in San Mateo County and Muir Woods National Monument in Marin. Many decommissioned Army bases and fortifications were incorporated into the park, including Fort Funston, four Nike missile sites, The Presidio and Crissy Field. The latest acquisition by the National Park Service is Mori Point, a small parcel of land on the Pacifica coast.

In 1988, UNESCO designated the GGNRA and 12 adjacent protected areas the Golden Gate Biosphere Reserve.

San Francisco Bay, and the city skyline seen from Marin County in the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.

Future expansion

In February 2005, Senator Dianne Feinstein introduced legislation in the United States Senate that would add 4,700 acres (1,900 ha) of natural land to the GGNRA in San Mateo County including a 4,076 parcel known as the Rancho Corral de Tierra. The property, located south of Pacifica and surrounding the communities of Moss Beach and Montara, is home to many diverse plant and animal species. The bill passed in the Senate, but still has to pass the House of Representatives and be signed into law.

Locations in the park

Map-goga.jpg
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Marin County

Camping sites
Bicentennial Campground arranged around a small clearing, with each site accommodating a maximum of two people.[2]
  • Camping Information for the GGNRA, includes updated map
  • Bicentennial Camp - Open year-round, free, three 2-person sites.
  • Kirby Cove Camp - Open April 1 - Oct 31, $25 per site/night, four 10-person sites.
  • Hawk Camp - Open year-round, free, three 4-person sites.
  • Haypress Camp - Open year-round, free, five 4-person sites.

San Francisco

  • Alcatraz Island – The infamous federal prison and the West Coast's first and oldest operating lighthouse.
  • China Beach - A small beach located north of the Sea Cliff district in San Francisco near the Presidio of San Francisco.
  • Fort Funston - A former coastal fortification and Nike missile site SF-59L; now a popular hang gliding spot.
  • Fort Mason - The San Francisco Port of Embarkation National Historic Site now houses non-profit organizations and offers a variety of cultural activities.
  • Fort Miley Military Reservation - A former military base that now holds a Veterans' Hospital and picnic areas.
  • Lands End - A natural preserve including the Coastal Trail which will bring you to amazing views of the Marin Headlands and Golden Gate. Includes Mile Rock, the site of a former lighthouse and, subsequently, a helipad located offshore at the southwestern edge of the Golden Gate
  • Presidio of San Francisco – A former military reservation, and site of the initial Spanish fortification in San Francisco, including
  • Ocean Beach - A popular surf spot on the western side of San Francisco.
  • The Sutro District - A collection of historic attractions developed by Adolph Sutro in the late 19th Century, including:
    • The Cliff House - A historic restaurant first built in 1863, rebuilt following fires in 1894 and 1907. Also houses the Camera Obscura, a historic building containg a device which projects a 360° image.
    • Sutro Baths – Concrete ruins of an indoor swimming pool constructed in 1894 by former SF mayor Adolf Sutro dominate the southwest corner;
    • Sutro Heights Park
Camping sites
  • Rob Hill Group Camp - Open year-round, free, five 4-person sites.

San Mateo County

Sweeney Ridge

References

  1. ^ Hamlin, Jessie. (Oct. 17, 1999). San Francisco Chronicle. Coming Up - What's New This Week: ART: Visions of Preservation Sunday Datebook section, Page 11.
  2. ^ Heid, Matt (2003). Camping and Backpacking the San Francisco Bay Area. Wilderness Press. p. 54. ISBN 0899972950.  

External links


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