|Golden Globe Award|
|67th Golden Globe Awards|
|Signs for the Golden Globe Awards|
|Awarded for||Best in film and television|
|Presented by||Hollywood Foreign Press Association|
The Golden Globe Awards are presented annually by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA) to recognize outstanding achievements in the entertainment industry, both domestic and foreign, and to focus wide public attention upon the best in motion pictures and television. The formal ceremony and dinner at which the awards are presented is a major part of the film industry's awards season, which culminates each year with the Academy Awards.
The 1st Golden Globe Awards, were held in January 1944 at the 20th Century Fox studios in Los Angeles. The 67th Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best in film and television for 2009, were presented January 17, 2010 at the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverly Hills, California, where they have been held annually since 1961.
The broadcast of the Golden Globe Awards, telecast to more than 150 countries worldwide, generally ranks as the third most-watched awards show each year, behind only the Oscars and the Grammy Awards. Unlike the Oscars, the Grammys and the Emmy Awards, the Golden Globe Awards is one of two major Hollywood awards ceremonies, the other being the Screen Actors Guild Awards, that does not have a regular host; there is a different presenter every year, who introduces the ceremony at the beginning of the broadcast.
The first Golden Globe Awards were held in 1944, at the 20th Century Fox studios. It has since been held annually, at various locations. Throughout the next decade, it was held at the Beverly Hills Hotel, and the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel.
In 1950, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association made the decision to establish a special award that recognizes outstanding contributions to the entertainment industry. To give importance to the award and recognize its subject as an international figure in the entertainment industry, the initial award was presented to director and producer Cecil B. DeMille. The official name of the award thus became the Cecil B. DeMille Award.
In 1963, the Miss Golden Globe concept was introduced. In its inaugural year there were two Miss Golden Globes, one for film and one for television. They were respectively, Eva Six of Beach Party and Operation Bikini, and Donna Douglas.
In 1964, national telecast was distributed through a special segment on The Andy Williams Show.
Recognizing the impact that animated films have had on the industry, in 2006, the Hollywood Foreign Press Association announced that a Golden Globe would be awarded for the Best Animated Feature at the 64th Annual Golden Globe Awards.
The awards show income has enabled the Hollywood Foreign Press Association to donate millions of dollars to entertainment-related charities, as well as funding scholarships and other programs for future film and television professionals.
On January 7, 2008, it was announced that due to the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike, the 65th Golden Globe Awards would not be telecast live. The ceremony was faced with a threat by striking writers to picket the event and by actors, threatening to boycott the ceremony, rather than cross picket lines. The Hollywood Foreign Press Association was forced to adopt another approach for the broadcast.
NBC originally had exclusive broadcast rights to the ceremonies, but on January 11, HFPA President Jorge Camara announced there would be no restrictions placed on media outlets covering the January 13 press conference, announcing the winners at 6:00pm PST. As a result, E!, CNN, the TV Guide Network and KNBC-TV, the network's Los Angeles owned-and-operated afiliate, aired the 31-minute event, emanating from the Grand Ballroom of the Beverly Hilton Hotel live, leaving NBC to fill the hour from 9:00–10:00pm ET with announcements, made after-the-fact by Access Hollywood hosts Billy Bush and Nancy O'Dell. The remaining hours of programming, set aside for the ceremonies by the network, were filled with a special two-hour edition of Dateline, hosted by Matt Lauer, that included film clips, interviews with some of the nominees and commentary from comedienne Kathy Griffin and the panelists from Football Night in America.
Awarded since 1956:
Meryl Streep holds the record for the most Golden Globe wins with seven (Angela Lansbury and Jack Nicholson each have six). She also holds the record for most nominations with twenty-five (as of the 2010 nominations) and Jack Lemmon is second with twenty-two. However, including special awards, such as the Henrietta Award - World Film Favorite Actor/Actress or Cecil B. DeMille Award, Barbra Streisand would win with 11 awards and behind her, Jack Nicholson and Meryl Streep, with seven and Sophia Loren with five.
Only four actresses have won two acting awards in the same year:
Pia Zadora won a Golden Globe in 1981 in the category "Newcomer-of-the-Year" for her performance in Butterfly. There were accusations that the Foreign Press Association members had been bought off. Pia's husband, multimillionaire Meshulam Riklis, flew voting members to his casino, the Riviera Hotel in Las Vegas, which gave the appearance that they voted for Zadora to repay this. Riklis also invited voting members to his house for a lavish lunch and a showing of the film. He also spent a great deal on advertising.