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Goldendoodle
Goldendoodle standing.jpg
A male Goldendoodle.
Breeds Golden Retriever, Poodle
Other names Groodle
Curly Golden
Goldenoodle
Goldenpoo
Goldiedoodle

A Goldendoodle is a mixed breed dog, a hybrid cross between a Golden Retriever and a Poodle. The name Goldendoodle was created in 2000 by combining “Golden”, from Golden Retriever, and “doodle” as in Labradoodle.[1] Poodle hybrids have become increasingly popular and it is likely that the combination of Golden Retriever and Poodle has been duplicated by breeders in various countries at different times.

Contents

History

The first Goldendoodles were likely due to accidental breeding between Golden Retrievers and Poodles.[2] Later, intentional crossing of Golden Retrievers and Standard Poodles was done in both North America and Australia.[3]

Purpose

A Goldendoodle tracking a rabbit.

The Goldendoodle is usually bred to be a family companion dog.[4] Some are bred and selected for careers in service to humans as Guide Dogs, Therapy Dogs and other types of assistance dogs.[5]

Many people select a Goldendoodle because they love Golden Retrievers, but would prefer a dog that shed less hair. Some have lost their Golden Retrievers or Poodle to cancer or inherited disease, and hope that the hybrid cross will give their new pet a better chance of avoiding those risks. Others may desire a dog that doesn’t affect their allergies. However, not all Goldendoodles will exhibit the low shedding coat type of the Standard Poodle. They are a hybrid dog, and therefore while most Goldendoodles will shed less than a Golden Retriever, the degree of shedding can vary. Grooming requirements are as varied as coat types, with the least shedding coat types requiring more regular grooming than the coat types that shed.[6] While some breeders claim that the Goldendoodle is a hypoallergenic dog, many allergists believe that there is no such thing as a hypoallergenic animal, and there have been no studies to date verifying whether any canine is completely hypoallergenic. Goldendoodles also make excellent bird dogs. Goldendoodles also can retrieve water fowl, and may be very good swimmers.

Appearance

An 11-month-old female goldendoodle.

The Goldendoodle, because it is a mix of purebreds, varies in size, coat type, and color.

A Goldendoodle's size is generally somewhere between that of the Poodle and the Golden Retriever parents, and the range includes Standard, Medium and Miniature. A general rule of thumb is to add both the parents weights together and divide by 2 to obtain the average adult weight of the puppies, although within any litter there may be puppies that fall above or below the projected adult weights. Some Standard sized Goldendoodle have weighed over 100 pounds. Sizes range as follows: [7]

Standard: 45 lbs or more at adulthood.

Medium: 30–45 lbs at adulthood.

Miniature: 15–30 lbs at adulthood.

Goldendoodles also have different coat types, and can be curly, wavy or straight. Common colours are White, Cream, Apricot, and Red, a few are Black and rarest are Brown, Phantom, and Parti-colored.[8]

Temperament

A 3 year old Goldendoodle

Similar to the Golden Retriever and the Poodle. Intelligent, affable, trainable, very human oriented, yet friendly toward other dogs. Moderately high energy dogs, much like their ancestors. These dogs also love to swim.They also love to dig holes. Some are very energetic and need lots of daily excercise. Groodles come in many different coats.

Breed status

2 1/2-month-old Goldendoodle pup.
5-month-old Miniature Goldendoodle.

The Goldendoodle is not a purebred; rather, it is a hybrid: a specific type of mixed-breed dog or crossbreed. As such, it is not accepted for registration by mainstream registries of purebred dogs such as the American Kennel Club or United Kennel Club.

There is no universal consensus as to whether breeders should aim to have Goldendoodles recognized as a breed.

Some breeders prefer to restrict breeding to first generation (F1[9]) dogs (i.e. offspring of a Golden Retriever and Poodle mating) in order to maximise genetic diversity[10], and thus avoid the inherited health problems that have plagued some dog breeds. Other breeders maintain that a Backcross (F1B[11]) Goldendoodle (i.e. offspring of a Goldendoodle and Poodle mating) is less likely to shed, and may therefore be more suitable for people with allergies to fur and/or dander. Still other breeders are attempting to take this one step further and develop the Goldendoodle as a breed via Selective Breeding.

Health

Both the Poodle and Golden Retrievers breeds can suffer from hip dysplasia. Therefore an OFA or PennHIP exam is required to check for this problem before dogs are bred. Both breeds can also suffer from a number of inheritable eye disorders, so it is important that annual CERF[12] (Canine Eye Registration Foundation) exams are performed before breeding.

Registration

The Goldendoodle is a hybrid and not recognized by the purebred canine registries.

References

External links

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