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Bust of Gonzalo Torrente Ballester in his birthplace of Ferrol

Gonzalo Torrente Ballester (June 13, 1910 ÔÇô January 27, 1999) was a Galician writer in Spanish language. He was born in Serantes, Ferrol, Galicia, and received his first education there, subsequently attending the universities of Santiago de Compostela and Oviedo.

Although primarily a novelist, he also published journalism, essays, and plays. His career as a writer began in Oviedo, but developed largely in Madrid.

After moving around frequently in the later 1920s and early 1930s, including a period in Paris, he returned to Spain and linked himself to Franco's Falange party in order to save his own life and that of his family. His first novel, Javier Mari├▒o, appeared in 1943, and he continued to publish novels almost until his death, receiving major prizes for some of them.

Despite his affiliation to the Falangists, Torrente Ballester always promoted relatively leftist ideas, and from 1939, when he returned to Santiago to take up a university post, he increasingly distanced himself from the party. He joined in protests in favour of striking Asturian miners in 1962, and was expelled from his teaching post at the university as a result. In the mid-1960s he had a number of problems with government censors.

He left Spain for a post at the State University of New York at Albany in 1966, and remained there until 1970. In 1975 he moved to the city of Salamanca, where he remained until his death. After his return to Spain, he was increasingly celebrated: In 1975 he was elected member of the Real Academia Espa├▒ola, and was awarded the premier Spanish literary prize, the Cervantes Prize, in 1985.

Immediately after his death a foundation was set up to protect, study and disseminate his work. The name of this foundation is Fundaci├│n Gonzalo Torrente Ballester.


List of novels

  • Javier Mari├▒o (1943)
  • El golpe de estado de Guadalupe Lim├│n (1946)
  • Ifigenia (1950)
  • El Se├▒or llega (1957) - Novel prize of the Fundaci├│n Juan March
  • Donde da la vuelta el aire (1960)
  • La Pascua triste (1962)
  • Don Juan (1963)
  • Off-Side (1968)
  • La Saga/Fuga de J.B. (1972) - Critics' Prize and City of Barcelona Prize
  • Fragmentos de Apocalipsis (1977)
  • La isla de los jacintos cortados (1980) - National Literature Prize
  • Dafne y ensue├▒os (1982)
  • Quiz├í nos lleve el viento al infinito (1984)
  • La princesa durmiente va a la escuela (1985)
  • La rosa de los vientos (1985)
  • Yo no soy yo, evidentemente (1987)
  • Filomeno, a mi pesar (1988) - Planet Prize
  • Cr├│nica del rey pasmado (1989)
  • Las islas extraordinarias (1991)
  • La muerte del decano (1992)
  • La novela de Pepe Ans├║rez (1994)
  • La boda de Chon Recalde (1995)
  • Los a├▒os indecisos (1997)
  • Dom├ęnica (1999)


See also

University of Santiago de Compostela

External links



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