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Google search
Google.png
Google Search homepage
The Google homepage
URL www.google.com
list of domain names
Commercial? Yes
Type of site Search Engine
Registration Optional
Available language(s) Multilingual (124)
Owner Google
Created by Sergey Brin and Larry Page
Launched September 15, 1997[1]
Alexa rank 1[2]
Revenue From AdWords
Current status Active
.Google search is a web search engine owned by Google Inc.^ Forum discussion at Google Web Search .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Do Google Sites attract search engines?
  • How can I add a Google search box to my Web site? :: Free Tech Support :: Ask Dave Taylor!® 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.askdavetaylor.com [Source type: General]

^ I am using my own search engine and NOT Google.
  • How can I add a Google search box to my Web site? :: Free Tech Support :: Ask Dave Taylor!® 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.askdavetaylor.com [Source type: General]

and is the most-used search engine on the Web.[3] .Google receives several hundred million queries each day through its various services.^ Google Reader is a free service that lets users subscribe to feeds and receive updates from multiple web sites in a single interface.

^ Revenues realized through Google TV Ads, Google Audio Ads, DoubleClick, Google Checkout, search services, Search Appliance and Google Apps were not material in any of the years presented.

^ We provide our search technology to partners of all sizes, allowing Google search service to be offered through these partners’ properties.

[4] Google search was originally developed by Larry Page and Sergey Brin in 1997.[5]
.Google Search provides more than 22 special features beyond the original word-search capability.^ However, with the Internet becoming more and more social, I think that for certain queries, people will resort to the social conversation search that Twitter offers – which will then cut into Google’s search share.
  • 6 Reasons Why Twitter is the Future of Search – Google Beware 25 January 2010 23:24 UTC www.winningtheweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The idea is to provide a more relevant, customized search by asking like-minded searchers for answers.
  • Bruceclay.com - Google Archives - Search Engine Optimization SEO Blog 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.bruceclay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Google's new search options feature went live earlier last month, Google also changed how they handle time based queries.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

[6] .These include synonyms, weather forecasts, time zones, stock quotes, maps, earthquake data, movie showtimes, airports, home listings, and sports scores.^ Google Desktop also includes a customizable Sidebar that includes modules for weather, stock tickers and news.

^ Movie, Music and Weather Information—enables users to quickly and easily find movie reviews and show times, information about artists, songs and albums and weather conditions and forecasts.

^ These amounts do not include stock-based compensation related to stock awards that have been and may be granted to employees and directors subsequent to December 31, 2008 and stock awards that have been or may be granted to non-employees.

(see below: Special features). .There are special features for numbers including prices, temperatures, money/unit conversions ("10.5 cm in inches"), calculations ( 3*4+sqrt(6)-pi/2 ), package tracking, patents, area codes,[6] and rudimentary language translation of displayed pages.^ Normally, the leads I get are from the United States, so I look up the area code of the phone number to find out what time zone they are in.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ These ads including traditional branded display, linear ads, and video overlay ads, let advertisers monetize video playback and share money with the content owner.

^ Web Page Translation—supports 41 languages and automatically translates between any two of these languages, with a total of 1,640 language translation pairs.

.The order of search results on Google's search-results pages is based on a priority rank called a "PageRank". Google Search provides many options for customized search (see below: Search options), such as: exclusion ("-xx"), inclusion ("+xx"), alternatives ("xx OR yy"), and wildcard ("x * x").^ Google is indexing and caching your home page at www.breatheyoga.co.uk just fine, from what I'm seeing.

^ The idea is to provide a more relevant, customized search by asking like-minded searchers for answers.
  • Bruceclay.com - Google Archives - Search Engine Optimization SEO Blog 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.bruceclay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For these searches, which are both commercial and non-commercial in nature, Google displays one or more alternate queries together with a preview of their top results.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

[7]

Contents

PageRank

.Google's rise to success was in large part due to a patented algorithm called PageRank that helps rank web pages that match a given search string.^ The second is discussed in a new Google Web Search Help thread.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ He said in the Google Web Search Help thread: .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ One element of our technology for ranking web pages is called PageRank.

[8] .Previous keyword-based methods of ranking search results, used by many search engines that were once more popular than Google, would rank pages by how often the search terms occurred in the page, or how strongly associated the search terms were within each resulting page.^ Here are negative results for this search term in Google.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Google's organic search results page listings.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Search search engine results page.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.The PageRank algorithm instead analyses human-generated links, assuming that web pages linked from many important pages are themselves likely to be important.^ Like sitelinks, popular portions of a web page are appropriately linked.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ PageRank treats a link from web page A to web page B as a “vote” by page A in favor of page B. The PageRank of a page is the sum of the pages that link to it.

^ Google merely reflects what is on the Web and does its best to algorithmically rank pages.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.The algorithm computes a recursive score for pages, based on the weighted sum of the PageRanks of the pages linking to them.^ PageRank treats a link from web page A to web page B as a “vote” by page A in favor of page B. The PageRank of a page is the sum of the pages that link to it.

^ That is one of the reasons people recommend placing links to your most important pages on your highest PageRank pages (i.e.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ So users now have access to twice as much link: data as before; it's just not all the top PageRank pages.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

PageRank is thought to correlate well with human concepts of importance. .In addition to PageRank, Google over the years has added many other secret criteria for determining the ranking of pages on result lists, reported to be over 200 different indicators.^ A WebmasterWorld thread reports that Google is indexing and ranking ads from Google AdSense.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Google's organic search results page listings.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ In addition, Google has said that AdSense ads do not affect your listings in Google.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

[9] .The details are kept secret due to spammers and in order to maintain an advantage over Google's competitors.^ SearchBistro has a ton of details with demos of it in action named Google Secret Lab, Prelude .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

Search results

.The exact percentage of the total of web pages that Google indexes is not known, as it is very hard to actually calculate.^ Google can't index the entire web .

^ So why is Google indexing these pages?
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ That means Google has 4,285,199,774 web pages in its index.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.Google not only indexes and caches web pages but also takes "snapshots" of other file types, which include PDF, Word documents, Excel spreadsheets, Flash SWF, plain text files, and so on.^ June 29, 2004 Text Only Version of Google Cache .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Click here for the cached text only."
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Google has a supplemental index, does the 4,285,199,774 web pages include pages in the supplemental index?
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

[10] .Except in the case of text and SWF files, the cached version is a conversion to (X)HTML, allowing those without the corresponding viewer application to read the file.^ Now one can see the text only version of their Web pages in the Google cache.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Anyway, how nice is this new text only cache version?
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ June 29, 2004 Text Only Version of Google Cache .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.Users can customize the search engine, by setting a default language, using the "SafeSearch" filtering technology and set the number of results shown on each page.^ Search search engine results page.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Can using tables hurt my Search Engine Results (SERPs)?
  • How can I add a Google search box to my Web site? :: Free Tech Support :: Ask Dave Taylor!® 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.askdavetaylor.com [Source type: General]

^ Also can you customize the look of the search page?
  • How can I add a Google search box to my Web site? :: Free Tech Support :: Ask Dave Taylor!® 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.askdavetaylor.com [Source type: General]

.Google has been criticized for placing long-term cookies on users' machines to store these preferences, a tactic which also enables them to track a user's search terms and retain the data for more than a year.^ More than 5 years .

^ Each search control manages the presentation of the user interface object and the search mechanism for a selected set of searcher objects (objects which implement the GSearch google.search.Search interface).
  • Class Reference - Google AJAX Search API - Google Code 8 January 2010 22:47 UTC code.google.com [Source type: Reference]

^ We are now less than 1 week from Christmas, our busiest time of year, and critical weakness in the "algorithm" for maps has bankrupted my company.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.For any query, up to the first 1000 results can be shown with a maximum of 100 displayed per page.^ The result is on the first page, 9th result: .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ This post brings up the question as to whether Google will had a filter option to exclude blog pages from the results.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ The page currently up was Google but the prospect typed "google.com" into the Google query field.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

Non-indexable data

.Despite its immense index, there is also a considerable amount of data available in online databases which are accessible by means of queries but not by links.^ JohnMu (aka SoftPlus) has started a thread at Cre8asite Forums discussing how he took the available AOL search data , to compare how many search queries are unique.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ There is a reduction in the amount of time it took to enter a query, possibly due to better keyboards or greater experience with mobile devices.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Google said today that the reason it's showing more links is because usability testing revealed that many people didn't realize there was additional local content available beyond the three listings, despite the "more results .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.This so-called invisible or deep Web is minimally covered by Google and other search engines.^ Forum discussion at Google Web Search .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Do Google Sites attract search engines?
  • How can I add a Google search box to my Web site? :: Free Tech Support :: Ask Dave Taylor!® 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.askdavetaylor.com [Source type: General]

^ We have been covering what I and many others have been calling "Web Categories" for a while now.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

[11] .The deep Web contains library catalogs, official legislative documents of governments, phone books, and other content which is dynamically prepared to respond to a query.^ Local search supports 4 pages (or a maximum of 32 total results) and the other searchers (Blog, Book, Image, News, Patent, Video, and Web) support 8 pages (for a maximum total of 64 results).
  • Class Reference - Google AJAX Search API - Google Code 8 January 2010 22:47 UTC code.google.com [Source type: Reference]

^ A few other members have agreed in seeing a larger number of book results in the Google web results.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ When we started the company in 1998, our web index contained approximately 30 million documents.

.Privacy in some countries forbids the showing of some links.^ Google's link: command shows some, but not all backlinks to the specified url.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ But as I ventured to guess on the SEO Radio show, maybe Google doesn't want you to know some much about your "natural link" count.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.For instance in Switzerland every private person can force Google Inc.^ Every now and then, I see threads pop up with complaints that someone else's search history is showing up in that person's Google history.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

to delete a link, which contains their name.[citation needed]

Google optimization

.Since Google is the most popular search engine, many webmasters have become eager to influence their website's Google rankings.^ I am doing a search engine website.
  • How can I add a Google search box to my Web site? :: Free Tech Support :: Ask Dave Taylor!® 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.askdavetaylor.com [Source type: General]

^ Google's most popular product searches are public: .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Bloglines Labels: google , google indexing , search engine rankings .

.An industry of consultants has arisen to help websites increase their rankings on Google and on other search engines.^ I am doing a search engine website.
  • How can I add a Google search box to my Web site? :: Free Tech Support :: Ask Dave Taylor!® 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.askdavetaylor.com [Source type: General]

^ Do Google Sites attract search engines?
  • How can I add a Google search box to my Web site? :: Free Tech Support :: Ask Dave Taylor!® 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.askdavetaylor.com [Source type: General]

^ I believe other search engines do this as well.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.This field, called search engine optimization, attempts to discern patterns in search engine listings, and then develop a methodology for improving rankings to draw more searchers to their client's sites.^ Do Google Sites attract search engines?
  • How can I add a Google search box to my Web site? :: Free Tech Support :: Ask Dave Taylor!® 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.askdavetaylor.com [Source type: General]

^ The search engine also searches .gov sites only.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ The idea is to provide a more relevant, customized search by asking like-minded searchers for answers.
  • Bruceclay.com - Google Archives - Search Engine Optimization SEO Blog 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.bruceclay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Search engine optimization encompasses both "on page" factors (like body copy, title elements, H1 heading elements and image alt attribute values) and Off Page Optimization factors (like anchor text and PageRank).^ Search search engine results page.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ A WebmasterWorld thread has two members reporting seeing Google Suggest like suggestions as the default feature of the main Google.com search page.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ If your site has relatively few pages and they all have high PageRank, it's likely they'll all be indexed no problem.

.The general idea is to affect Google's relevance algorithm by incorporating the keywords being targeted in various places "on page", in particular the title element and the body copy (note: the higher up in the page, presumably the better its keyword prominence and thus the ranking).^ Keywords rank better for a site in Google vs Yahoo.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ This post brings up the question as to whether Google will had a filter option to exclude blog pages from the results.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ If ACME doesn't pay the bill, would Google lower the ranking of ACME for their keywords in the free/organic listings?
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.Too many occurrences of the keyword, however, cause the page to look suspect to Google's spam checking algorithms.^ Google merely reflects what is on the Web and does its best to algorithmically rank pages.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ While popularity works for some segments of what people are looking for, Google has validated that it’s a flawed concept when they de-valued their own use of page rank.
  • 6 Reasons Why Twitter is the Future of Search – Google Beware 25 January 2010 23:24 UTC www.winningtheweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many people are asking about on-page factors initially as reasons why, but its looking to be other reasons.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.Google has published guidelines for website owners who would like to raise their rankings when using legitimate optimization consultants.^ Websites would have little incentive to look to Google for traffic or optimize for Google.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ A market owner who really wants his competition to be ranked lower could totally employ these services if he's desperate, could he not?
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Posted by: Steve at March 24, 2006 6:27 PM I would like to have the Google search box search several different sites (call them "a" "b" & "c") all at the same.
  • How can I add a Google search box to my Web site? :: Free Tech Support :: Ask Dave Taylor!® 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.askdavetaylor.com [Source type: General]

[12]

Functionality

Image of definition link provided for many search terms.
.The Google search engine has many intuitive[citation needed] features making it more functional.^ This is is even more interesting considering that Google is the dominant search engine.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Do Google Sites attract search engines?
  • How can I add a Google search box to my Web site? :: Free Tech Support :: Ask Dave Taylor!® 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.askdavetaylor.com [Source type: General]

^ Google Search Engine at April 15, 2005 8:59 AM Comments (4) .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.Google search consists of a series of localized websites.^ So we know Google is seriously testing AJAX search results and Google has confirmed that.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Google is testing placing icons within Google Maps, for some Google Local searches.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ If so, then Google will have to bow to reality and have a true Mobile search that works for all Mobile websites.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.The largest of those, the google.com site, is the top most-visited website in the world.^ Recently, during my Google searches, I have been landing on sites that have answers, but require you to login and pay to view those answers.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Googler, JohnMu, explained that a site command for at least one of the sites, such as site:www.redtube.com , returns a message from Google that it was removed due to local laws.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Most of the web sites in the Google Network sign up for AdSense using an automated online process.

[13] .Some of its features include a definition link for most searches including dictionary words, the number of results you got on your search, links to other searches (e.g.^ Dad says, "What words did you use in your search?"
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ When you click on Candylist, you get this search result: .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ If you like, you can repeat the search with the omitted results included."
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

for words that .Google believes to be misspelled, it provides a link to the search results using its proposed spelling), and many more.^ It is only a supplemental result for a search using the spelling mistake.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Get personalized search results and more.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Giving the searcher more power over their search results is a win-win for Google.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

Search syntax

.Google's search engine normally accepts queries as a simple text, and breaks up the user's text into a sequence of search terms, which will usually be words that are to occur in the results, but may also be phrases, delimited by quotations marks ("), qualified terms, with a prefix such as "+", "-", or one of several advanced operators, such as "site:". The webpages of "Google Search Basics" describe each of these additional queries and options (see below: Search options).^ Here are negative results for this search term in Google.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Search search engine results page.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Are search engines up to it?
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.Google's Advanced Search web form gives several additional fields which may be used to qualify searches by such criteria as date of first retrieval.^ Forum discussion at Google Web Search .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Search as his default and Google as his back up, he may also use MSN. .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Here is a picture of an older version of the Google advanced search form: .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.All advanced queries transform to regular queries, usually with additional qualified terms.^ This method allows the caller to set (or clear) an optional, additional query term that is appended to all queries flowing through the searcher.
  • Class Reference - Google AJAX Search API - Google Code 8 January 2010 22:47 UTC code.google.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Additional financing may not be available at all or on terms favorable to us.

^ Additionally, results can be restricted to the LIFE photo archive by including source:life as part of the query, as in q=source%3Alife+query+terms ( experimental ) .
  • Class Reference - Google AJAX Search API - Google Code 8 January 2010 22:47 UTC code.google.com [Source type: Reference]

Autocomplete

.Google often suggests what to type the rest of.^ In addition to not being able to query Google, many complained that Google Suggest, the search suggestions as you type, did not work either.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ A Google Web Search Help thread has an annoyed searcher who is upset Google's search box offers search suggestions for "youpron" when you type in the word "you."
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Google released Google Suggest , a search feature that basically shows suggestions as you begin to type in the search box.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.Sometimes, autocomplete gives remarkably memorable results, often enough that a website has made a compilation of the most hilarious autocomplete suggestions submitters could ever find.^ Also note that site:example.com results are getting weirder and weirder, often omitting urls that definitely are in the index - sometimes with a simple site:example.com/directory/ query.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ When search engines parse through billions of websites to find results that are relevant, it's somewhat miraculous, to say the least.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ I often use the site command query operator at Google to find results within a particular site.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

Query expansion

.Google applies query expansion to the submitted search query, transforming it into the query that will actually be used to retrieve results.^ So maybe Google is now using this for search results?
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Advanced Search Functionality—enables users to construct more complex queries, for example by using Boolean logic or restricting results to languages, countries or web sites.

^ When Google's new search options feature went live earlier last month, Google also changed how they handle time based queries.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

As with page ranking, the exact details of the algorithm Google uses are deliberately obscure, but certainly the following transformations are among those that occur:
.
  • Term reordering: in information retrieval this is a standard technique to reduce the work involved in retrieving results.^ Each manufacturer or distributor may establish unique technical standards for its devices, and our products and services may not work or be viewable on these devices as a result.

    ^ Prior to joining Google, Jeff was at DEC/Compaq's Western Research Laboratory, where he worked on profiling tools, microprocessor architecture, and information retrieval.
    • Google Inc. | Company News & Executive Profiles - GOOG | BNET 25 September 2009 3:34 UTC resources.bnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Google Inc. | Company News & Executive Profiles - GOOG | BNET 27 January 2010 23:57 UTC resources.bnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ When I searched on that term today, I was shown this information, in addition to the remove result link.
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    .This transformation is invisible to the user, since the results ordering uses the original query order to determine relevance.
  • Stemming is used to increase search quality by keeping small syntactic variants of search terms.^ Applications will typically use this to the provide alternative results with mild variations from the original search term.
    • Class Reference - Google AJAX Search API - Google Code 8 January 2010 22:47 UTC code.google.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ The query argument supplies the search term.
    • Class Reference - Google AJAX Search API - Google Code 8 January 2010 22:47 UTC code.google.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ This may not be the most relevant result to those searching on the term loan.
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    [14]
  • There is a limited facility to fix possible misspellings in queries.

"I'm Feeling Lucky"

.Google's homepage includes a button labeled "I'm Feeling Lucky". When a user clicks on the button the user will be taken directly to the first search result, bypassing the search engine results page.^ The result is on the first page, 9th result: .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Do a search at Google for google and where do you find the result for the main Google.com homepage?
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Google's organic search results page listings.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.The thought is that if a user is "feeling lucky", the search engine will return the perfect match the first time without having to page through the search results.^ The result is on the first page, 9th result: .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Search search engine results page.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ At first, I thought it may be an issue with Google Custom Search Engines.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.According to a study by Tom Chavez of "Rapt", this feature costs Google $110 million a year as 1% of all searches use this feature and bypass all advertising.^ Valleywag reported last week that Google's "I'm Feeling Lucky" button, which takes the user directly to the #1 result for a particular search phrase, costs the company $110 million per year in lost revenues because the button bypasses all sponsored results (and is used in 1% of all searches).
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ For example, a search on search engine roundtable at Google China returns all matches of the keyword phrase on the page in red.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ He posts a screen shot of a ugly highlighted reminder from Google to use search history.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

[15]
.On October 30, 2009, for some users, the "I'm Feeling Lucky" button was removed from Google's main page, along with the regular search button.^ Google Search Engine at February 20, 2009 8:30 AM Comments (6) .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Yes, this is Google Universal Search at it's best, but it is confusing some users.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Google Search Engine at February 12, 2009 9:30 AM Comments (3) .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

Both buttons were replaced with a field that reads, "This space intentionally left blank." .This text fades out when the mouse is moved on the page, and normal search functionality is achieved by filling in the search field with the desired terms and pressing enter.^ Comments I tried this and when I try to enter a search term it sends me to the google page.
  • How can I add a Google search box to my Web site? :: Free Tech Support :: Ask Dave Taylor!® 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.askdavetaylor.com [Source type: General]

^ However, the search term(s) do not transfer to the Search Page.
  • How can I add a Google search box to my Web site? :: Free Tech Support :: Ask Dave Taylor!® 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.askdavetaylor.com [Source type: General]

^ For example, I added the terms "yankee doodle dandy" to a test pagee recently, However, upon a "site" search, it does not locate the page with that term.
  • How can I add a Google search box to my Web site? :: Free Tech Support :: Ask Dave Taylor!® 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.askdavetaylor.com [Source type: General]

.A Google spokesperson explains, "This is just a test, and a way for us to gauge whether our users will like an even simpler search interface."^ Google Labs is our test bed for our engineers and adventurous Google users.

^ April 24, 2007 Google Testing Even More Layouts & User Interfaces .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ We recognize as revenues the fees charged advertisers each time a user clicks on one of the text-based ads that are displayed next to the search results pages on our site or on the search results pages or content pages of our Google .

[16] .Personalized Google homepages retained both buttons and their normal functions.^ I think that this person subscribed to Google Alerts and signed up for both News alerts and blog alerts.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Yesterday, Jon West rang in with a tip about a specific search on Google for variations of the word ecommerce both with personalized web search enabled and disabled .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Users add gadgets and themes created by Google and developers to create a powerful and personalized homepage and arrange the content the way they want.

Rich Snippets

On 12 May 2009, Google announced that they would be parsing the hCard, hReview, and hProduct microformats and using them to populate search result pages with what they called "Rich Snippets".[17]

Special features

Besides the main search-engine feature of searching for text, Google Search has more than 22 "special features" (activated by entering any of dozens of trigger words) when searching:[6][18]
.
  • weather – The weather conditions, temperature, wind, humidity, and forecast,[6] for many cities, can be viewed by typing "weather" along with a city for larger cities or city and state, U.S. zip code, or city and country for smaller cities (such as: weather Lawrence, Kansas; weather Paris; weather Bremen, Germany).
  • stock quotes – The market data[6] for a specific company or fund can be viewed, by typing the ticker symbol (or include "stock"), such as: CSCO; MSFT; IBM stock; F stock (lists Ford Motor Co.); or AIVSX (fund).^ Google Desktop also includes a customizable Sidebar that includes modules for weather, stock tickers and news.

    ^ Movie, Music and Weather Information—enables users to quickly and easily find movie reviews and show times, information about artists, songs and albums and weather conditions and forecasts.

    ^ I got asked how to get a stock ticker symbol included in the google results of a website today and while I knew the answer I didn't know the exact email to contact Google.
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    .Results show inter-day changes, or 5-year graph, etc.^ And in case that's not enough to send you running to a support group, Google also creates a Trends graph that breaks down your results by Month, Day and Hour.
    • Bruceclay.com - Google Archives - Search Engine Optimization SEO Blog 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.bruceclay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ First, there's the month-to-month graph which shows you just how much time you wasted spent searching on Google each day.
    • Bruceclay.com - Google Archives - Search Engine Optimization SEO Blog 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.bruceclay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .This does not work for stock names which are one letter long, such as Citigroup (C) or Macy's (M) (Ford being an exception), or are common words, such as Diamond Offshore (DO) or Majesco (COOL).
  • time – The current time in many cities (worldwide),[6] can be viewed by typing "time" and the name of the city (such as: time Cairo; time Pratt, KS).
  • sports scores – The scores and schedules, for sports teams,[6] can be displayed by typing the team name or league name into the search box.
  • unit conversion – Measurements can be converted,[6] by entering each phrase, such as: 10.5 cm in inches; or 90 km in miles
  • currency conversion – A money or currency converter can be selected,[6] by typing the names or currency codes (listed by ISO 4217): 6789 Euro in USD; 150 GBP in USD; 5000 Yen in USD; 5000 Yuan in lira (the U.S. dollar can be USD or "US$" or "$", while Canadian is CAD, etc.^ Values include: us - specifies the US edition uk - specifies the UK edition fr_ca - specifies the French Canadian edition etc.
    • Class Reference - Google AJAX Search API - Google Code 8 January 2010 22:47 UTC code.google.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ My name's Susan (sorry, no hip nicknames) and I've been working with the Webmaster Tools team since last summer, mostly on international issues.
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    ^ We recognize as revenues the fees charged advertisers each time a user clicks on one of the text-based ads that are displayed next to the search results pages on our site or on the search results pages or content pages of our Google .

    ).
  • .
  • calculator – Calculation results can be determined,[6] as calculated live, by entering a formula in numbers or words, such as: 6*77 +pi +sqrt(e^3)/888 plus 0.45. The user is given the option to search for the formula, after calculation.^ If this method is not called, then the user is not offered an opportunity to copy search results.
    • Class Reference - Google AJAX Search API - Google Code 8 January 2010 22:47 UTC code.google.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Yahoo and Live Search both have RSS results enabled in auto-discovery mode on the search results pages.
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Ego searching is when people want to rank well for their names, such as being number #6 for barry when the title and the content on the page doesn't have the words on the page.
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    .The calculator also uses the unit and currency conversion functions to allow unit-aware calculations.^ There are advanced restrict functions that Google allows you to use to find your code of choice, to only search PHP you can use this command, [lang:php].
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    .For example, "(3 EUR/liter) / (40 miles/gallon) in USD / mile" calculates the dollar cost per mile for a 40 mpg car with gas costing 3 euros a liter.
  • dictionary lookup – A definition for a word or phrase can be found,[6] by entering "define" plus the word(s) to lookup (such as: Define philosophy)
  • maps – Some related maps can be displayed,[6] by typing in the name or U.S. ZIP code of a location and the word "map" (such as: New York map; Kansas map; or Paris map).
  • movie showtimes – Reviews or film showtimes can be listed for any movies playing nearby,[6] by typing "movies" or the name of any current film into the search box.^ The related search displayed is "retards."
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I have an example for test search box on the url: .
    • How can I add a Google search box to my Web site? :: Free Tech Support :: Ask Dave Taylor!® 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.askdavetaylor.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In the past, since Google Maps launched, a search that was address or location specific, may have brought up a Google Map result, which also contained links to other mapping services, such as Yahoo!
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    .If a specific location was saved on a previous search, the top search result will display showtimes for nearby theaters for that movie.^ This property may be null indicating that there is no cache, and it might be out of date in cases where the search result has been saved and in the mean time, the cache has gone stale.
    • Class Reference - Google AJAX Search API - Google Code 8 January 2010 22:47 UTC code.google.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Supplies a url that can be used to provide driving directions from this search result to a user specified location.
    • Class Reference - Google AJAX Search API - Google Code 8 January 2010 22:47 UTC code.google.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ In short, they changed how the Google Video search results displayed.
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    .These listings however are sometimes totally incorrect and there is no way to ask Google to correct them; for example, on 25 July, for the El Capitan Theatre, google showtimes lists Up but according to the El Capitan website, the only movie playing that day is G-Force.^ The other search engines pick it up with no problems, and all my other Joomla sites are picked up by Google.

    ^ It sounds to me, Adrian, that Google is agreeing with you that there should be no difference between the web and the mobile web.
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Now about your specific example - think about who uses Google.com.au - the primary users are from Australia, correct?

    .March 2010" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed]
  • public data – Trends for population (or unemployment rates)[6] can be found for U.S. states & counties, by typing "population" or "unemployment rate" followed by a state or county name.
  • real estate and housing – Home listings in a given area can be displayed,[6] using the trigger words "housing", "home", or "real estate" followed by the name of a city or U.S. zip code.
  • travel data/airports – The flight status for arriving or departing U.S. flights can be displayed,[6] by typing in the name of the airline and the flight number into the search box (such as: American airlines 18).^ Again, real estate search is not new.
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    ^ If you insist on using such dated design technology, you absolutely need to give the search engines a juicy No Frames tag to suck on.

    ^ Google's Uncle Sam search engine includes White House news, top governmental stories, American Forces Information Services, the Washington Post, and more.
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    .Delays at a specific airport can also be viewed (by typing the name of the city or three-letter airport code plus word "airport").
  • package tracking – Package mail can be tracked[6] by typing the tracking number of a Royal Mail, UPS, Fedex or USPS package directly into the search box.^ If you want to add the calendar, copy and paste this URL into the 'Search Public Calendars' box.
    • Bruceclay.com - Google Archives - Search Engine Optimization SEO Blog 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.bruceclay.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In the design I have already created the search box using the code I found on this site and I have also inserted the Google logo.
    • How can I add a Google search box to my Web site? :: Free Tech Support :: Ask Dave Taylor!® 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.askdavetaylor.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Google has to know what you are thinking by the two words you enter into that small search box.
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    .Results will include quick links to track the status of each shipment.
  • patent numbers – U.S. patents can be searched[6][18] by entering the word "patent" followed by the patent number into the search box (such as: Patent 5123123).
  • area code – The geographical location (for any U.S. telephone area code)[6] can be displayed by typing a 3-digit area code (such as: 650).
  • synonym search – A search can match words similar to those specified,[6] by placing the tilde sign (~) immediately in front of a search term, such as:  ~fast food.
  • U.S. Government search – Searching of U.S. government websites can be performed from webpage: www.google.com/unclesam.^ Place a search box and search results on your website.
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Do a search at Google for google and where do you find the result for the main Google.com homepage?
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Here are negative results for this search term in Google.
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    [18]

Search options

.The webpages maintained by the Google Help Center have text describing more than 15 various search options.^ Google Search Engine at April 15, 2005 8:59 AM Comments (4) .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Forum discussion at Google Web Search Help .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ When Google's new search options feature went live earlier last month, Google also changed how they handle time based queries.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

[19] The Google operators:
  • OR – Search for either one, such as "price high OR low" searches for "price" with "high" or "low".
  • "-" – Search while excluding a word, such as "apple -tree" searches where word "tree" is not used.
  • "+" – Force inclusion of a word, such as "Name +of +the Game" to require the words "of" & "the" to appear on a matching page.
  • "*" – Wildcard operator to match any words between other specific words.
Some of the query options are as follows:
.
  • define: – The query prefix "define:" will provide a definition[19] of the words listed after it.
  • stocks: – After "stocks:" the query terms are treated as stock ticker symbols[19] for lookup.
  • site: – Restrict the results to those websites in the given domain,[19] such as, site:www.acmeacme.com.^ We both use the allinurl:www.domain.com site:www.domain.com command.
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It also only shows when he does a site:www.domain.com command.
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The option is, "Find web pages from the site www.domain.com."
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    The option "site:com" will search all domain URLs named with ".com" (no space after "site:").
  • allintitle: – Only the page titles are searched[19] (not the remaining text on each webpage).
  • intitle: – Prefix to search in a webpage title,[19] such as "intitle:google search" will list pages with word "google" in title, and word "search" anywhere (no space after "intitle:").
  • allinurl: – Only the page URL address lines are searched[19] (not the text inside each webpage).
  • inurl: – Prefix for each word to be found in the URL;[19] others words are matched anywhere, such as "inurl:acme search" matches "acme" in a URL, but matches "search" anywhere (no space after "inurl:").
The page-display options (or query types) are:
.
  • cache: – Highlights the search-words within the cached document, such as "cache:www.google.com xxx" shows cached content with word "xxx" highlighted.
  • link: – The prefix "link:" will list webpages that have links to the specified webpage, such as "link:www.google.com" lists webpages linking to the Google homepage.
  • related: – The prefix "related:" will list webpages that are "similar" to a specified web page.
  • info: – The prefix "info:" will display some background information about one specified webpage, such as, info:www.google.com.^ Google.com—Search and Personalization .

    ^ Our web site is located at www.google.com , and our investor relations web site is located at http://investor.google.com .

    ^ We have 1,000 indexed pages showing in the 'site:' command from Google search.

    Typically, the info is the first text (160 bytes, about 23 words) contained in the page, displayed in the style of a results entry (for just the 1 page as matching the search).
  • filetype: - results will only show files of the desired type (ex filetype:pdf will return pdf files)
.Note that Google searches the HTML coding inside a webpage, not the screen appearance: the words displayed on a screen might not be listed in the same order in the HTML coding.^ GSearch google.search.Search .ORDER_BY_DATE - This value indicates that results should be returned in publication date order.
  • Class Reference - Google AJAX Search API - Google Code 8 January 2010 22:47 UTC code.google.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Search engines for searching code bases is nothing new, but this time Google did it with Google Code Search .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ When you get the call, Google will display a pin code followed by a pound sign on the Knol web site.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

Error messages

Some searches will give a 403 Forbidden error with the text
"We're sorry... ... but your query looks similar to automated requests from a computer virus or spyware application. .To protect our users, we can't process your request right now.^ Now about your specific example - think about who uses Google.com.au - the primary users are from Australia, correct?

^ He goes on to say: If you're especially happy or unhappy with something in our search results right now, this is the best way to tell us.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Upon receiving a request, our software examines the content of web pages and performs a matching process that identifies advertisements that we .

.We'll restore your access as quickly as possible, so try again soon.^ There's a possibility your name is getting caught in our celebrity filters but we'll know more soon.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.In the meantime, if you suspect that your computer or network has been infected, you might want to run a virus checker or spyware remover to make sure that your systems are free of viruses and other spurious software.^ If you run your own analyses, be sure that you do not depend on the "/search?"
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Your ISP is your ISP and not sure what you can do about that.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Make sure you read it.

.We apologize for the inconvenience, and hope we'll see you again on Google."^ The image on the right is what you would see and Google thinks you are a machine conducting automated queries and they want to validate you as a human.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ See this post for advice on what to do while you're waiting in Google aging limbo.

^ Last night Google Checkout announced that you will now see larger and more colorful Google Checkout buttons on some sponsored results in Google.com.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

sometimes followed by a CAPTCHA prompt.[20]
.The screen was first reported in 2005, and was a response to the heavy use of Google by search engine optimization companies to check on ranks of sites they were optimizing.^ Google Search Engine at April 15, 2005 8:59 AM Comments (4) .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Google Search Engine at March 10, 2005 9:48 AM Comments (0) .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Google Search Engine at February 16, 2005 9:44 AM Comments (1) .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.The message is triggered by high volumes of requests from a single IP address.^ The IP address being used for the request appears to be a new class-c for Googlebot, but is very similar to the existing IP addresses that Googlebot already uses.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ If the problems persist, file a re-inclusion request with Google, explaining what might have triggered penalties and what changes you've made to address the issues.

^ When you request the IP address for www.google.com, the DNS server first replies with a canonical name.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.Google apparently uses the Google cookie as part of its determination of refusing service.^ The constructor is used to create an instance of a searcher object designed to provide search results from the Google Image Search service.
  • Class Reference - Google AJAX Search API - Google Code 8 January 2010 22:47 UTC code.google.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The constructor is used to create an instance of a searcher object designed to provide search results from the Google Web Search service.
  • Class Reference - Google AJAX Search API - Google Code 8 January 2010 22:47 UTC code.google.com [Source type: Reference]

^ The constructor is used to create an instance of a searcher object designed to provide search results from the Google News service.
  • Class Reference - Google AJAX Search API - Google Code 8 January 2010 22:47 UTC code.google.com [Source type: Reference]

[20]
.In June 2009, after the death of pop superstar Michael Jackson, this message appeared to many internet users who were searching Google for news stories related to the singer, and was assumed by Google to be a DDoS attack, although many queries were legitimate searchers.^ June 27, 2005 Google Messing with New User Interface?
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Google Search Engine at June 29, 2009 8:34 AM Comments (2) .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Google Search Engine at June 12, 2009 8:28 AM Comments (0) .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

January 2009 malware bug

A screen-shot of the error of January 31, 2009
.Google flags search results with the message "This site may harm your computer" if the site is known to install malicious software in the background or otherwise surreptitiously.^ According to a site search, Google has indexed 14 pages from your site.

^ Think your safe while searching Google?
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Your site is still in Google.

.Google does this to protect users against visiting sites that could harm their computers.^ Apparently, Google is still using PageRank to rank sites but just not displaying the current value to the Google Toolbar user.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ If you conducted a Google search between 9:30am and 10:25 am (EST) on Saturday, January 31st, you would have seen Google label all the search results as "This site may harm your computer."
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Why does Google bother including them in their web search index when it is, by definition, a duplicate copy of the content from the main site?
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.For approximately 40 minutes on January 31, 2009, all search results were mistakenly classified as malware and could therefore not be clicked; instead a warning message was displayed and the user was required to enter the requested URL manually.^ A couple of searches returned all url only results.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ More users are clicking on search results in comparison to 2005.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ When you click on Candylist, you get this search result: .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

The bug was caused by human error.[21][22] .The URL of "/" (which expands to all URLs) was mistakenly checked in as a value to the file.^ Now, if I login and check my Sitemap data for this site (yea, I finally created a Sitemap file), it shows about half of the indexed URLs.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Unfortunately (and here's the human error), the URL of '/' was mistakenly checked in as a value to the file and '/' expands to all URLs.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

[22]

Google Doodle

.On certain occasions, the logo on Google's webpage will change to a special version, known as a "Google Doodle". Clicking on the Doodle links to a string of Google search results about the topic.^ Google frequently changes how the search results interact with searchers.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Update: Google uploaded it's Thanksgiving logo, which links to a search on thanksgiving .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ The Google search results landscape has forever changed.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.The first was a reference to the Burning Man Festival in 1997,[23] and others have been produced for the birthdays of notable people like Albert Einstein, historical events like the interlocking Lego block's 50th anniversary and holidays like Valentine's Day.^ In those days, she was responsible for a wide range of activities, including the establishment of the corporate identity, some of the first holiday logos, and marketing activities and collateral.
  • Google Inc. | Company News & Executive Profiles - GOOG | BNET 27 January 2010 23:57 UTC resources.bnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[24]

Google Caffeine

.In August 2009, Google announced the rollout of a new search architecture, codenamed "Caffeine".[25] The new architecture was designed to return results faster and to better deal with rapidly updated information from services including Facebook and Twitter.^ Google Search Engine at August 25, 2009 8:32 AM Comments (3) .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ January 25, 2009 Google Testing Site Fav Icons in Search Results?
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Google Search Engine at August 18, 2009 8:27 AM Comments (1) .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

[25] .Google developers noted that most users would notice little immediate change, but invited developers to test the new search in its sandbox.^ Most would not notice this.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ These are Google's most popular searches.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ It appears that more people are noticing this new Google Suggest test.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

[26] .One change that was noticeable was the search return time.^ Also I think google changed their search box thing since then, so I can't make a new one (easily anyhow).
  • How can I add a Google search box to my Web site? :: Free Tech Support :: Ask Dave Taylor!® 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.askdavetaylor.com [Source type: General]

.In numerous tests it returned results in nearly half the time.^ June 13, 2006 Google.com Testing More Expandable Results: This Time with Plus Signs .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ For example, a search on time in san francisco or current time in london would return the current time in those locations at the top of the Google search results.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ In the past, a search in Google in the format of [time in location] would return a little clock at the top of the search results, with the current time in that location.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

[27] .Other differences noted for their impact upon Search Engine Optimization included heavier keyword weighting and the importance of the domain's age.^ I believe other search engines do this as well.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ The free PR (public relations) from slashdot was (IMO) derived from a search, which will impact further searches (that is where that other PR comes in).
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ As I noted at Search Engine Land, Yahoo has been doing this for a while with their quick links .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

[28][29] .The move was interpreted in some quarters as a response to Microsoft's recent release of an upgraded version of its own search service, renamed Bing.^ Take a look at this query and you will see some of the Google search results leading to Bing search results.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Hitwise, a competitive intelligence service, has released its October 2007 numbers, indicating that Google dominated the search landscape that month with over 64% of searches performed.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ However, some say it was "renamed and moved to the other side of the screen."
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

[30]

International

.Google is available in many languages and has been localized for many countries.^ Google makes use of evaluators in many countries and languages.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Google Maps includes StreetView, 360-degree street-level imagery available in several regions around the world, and Google Transit, which provides up-to-date information on local transit options in many cities.

^ We strive to provide our services to everyone in the world and the Google interface is available in 120 languages.

[31]

Languages

The interface has also been made available in some languages for humorous purpose:

Domain names

.In addition to the main URL Google.com, Google owns 160 domain names for each of the countries/regions in which it has been localized.^ A WebmasterWorld thread has two members reporting seeing Google Suggest like suggestions as the default feature of the main Google.com search page.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Do a search at Google for google and where do you find the result for the main Google.com homepage?
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ The new Google Local for Mobile devices can be found at http://mobile.google.com/local .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

[31] .As Google is an American company, the main domain name can be considered as the U.S. one.^ Google, as does everyone, say that you either put a unique site on the domain name or you 301 redirect them to the real domain name.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Two threads brought on this post, one from WebmasterWorld named Google Gmail Advertising and the other from SearchEngineWatch Forums named Gmail is a hot seller in eBay!
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ An other whacky thread at DigitalPoint forums named Why does google own this domain?
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

Cybersquatting

Some domain names unregistered by Google are currently squatted:
  • Google.ua (Ukraine), the correct URL is google.com.ua

Search products

.In addition to its tool for searching webpages, Google also provides services for searching images, Usenet newsgroups, news websites, videos, searching by locality, maps, and items for sale online.^ Conduct an Google Image search on any news related single term.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ January 24, 2008 Google News Searches Stop Working Temporarily .
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Google's Uncle Sam search engine includes White House news, top governmental stories, American Forces Information Services, the Washington Post, and more.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.In 2006, Google has indexed over 25 billion web pages,[34] 400 million queries per day,[34] 1.3 billion images, and over one billion Usenet messages.^ So why is Google indexing these pages?
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ January 5, 2006 Google Indexing Itself?
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ That means Google has 4,285,199,774 web pages in its index.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.It also caches much of the content that it indexes.^ It skews advertiser's results by letting GoogleBot crawl the pages * It shows up in the Google cache * Google ads should not be indexed by Google as part of your page content * and more...
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.Google operates other tools and services including Google News, Google Suggest, Google Product Search, Google Maps, Google Co-op, Google Earth, Google Blog Search and Google Desktop Search.^ When relevant, we also search display results from other Google products including Google News, Google Finance, Google Maps, Google Image Search, Google Video, Google Book Search, Google Blog Search, and Google Groups.

^ Why does Google bother including them in their web search index when it is, by definition, a duplicate copy of the content from the main site?
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Google Operating System wrote about a new personalization feature Google is testing, named Preferred Sites.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.There are also products available from Google that are not directly search-related.^ This is Google Universal Search in action, one of those videos shows a woman depicted to be Rambha as having relations with a man.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ There has been ton of talk about search engine market share over at the forums and search engine related blogs.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ We all know Google runs the show for anything search related.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.Gmail, for example, is a webmail application, but still includes search features; Google Browser Sync does not offer any search facilities, although it aims to organize your browsing time.^ Think your safe while searching Google?
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ This is not the first time Google has offered such search tips.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Google Analytics does not depend on the "/search?"
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.Also Google starts many new beta products, like Google Social Search or Google Image Swirl.^ The Google Base Blog announces new updates to Google Product Search.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Conduct an Google Image search on any news related single term.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ A WebmasterWorld thread has two members reporting seeing Google Suggest like suggestions as the default feature of the main Google.com search page.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

Energy consumption

.Google claims that a search query requires altogether about 1 kJ or 0.0003 kW·h.^ When Google's new search options feature went live earlier last month, Google also changed how they handle time based queries.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ But, if you search again, Google may show you the map in the middle of the page, depending on the query.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ If we didn't have anything else to worry about in searching the net, there appears to be a form of adware that is able to hijack google results and insert ads to make them appear as if they were real results.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

[35]

See also

References

  1. ^ "WHOIS - google.com". http://reports.internic.net/cgi/whois?whois_nic=google.com&type=domain. Retrieved 2009-01-27. 
  2. ^ "Alexa Google traffic results". Alexa. http://www.alexa.com/data/details/traffic_details/google.com. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  3. ^ "Alexa Search Engine ranking". http://www.alexa.com/siteinfo/google.com+yahoo.com+altavista.com. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  4. ^ "Almost 12 Billion U.S. Searches Conducted in July". SearchEngineWatch. 2008-09-02. http://searchenginewatch.com/showPage.html?page=3630718. 
  5. ^ "WHOIS - google.com". http://reports.internic.net/cgi/whois?whois_nic=google.com&type=domain. Retrieved 2009-01-27. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "Search Features". Google.com. May 2009. http://www.google.com/intl/en/help/features.html. 
  7. ^ ...The *, or wildcard, is a little-known feature that can be very powerful...
  8. ^ Sergey Brin and Lawrence Page (1998). "The Anatomy of a Large-Scale Hypertextual Web Search Engine". Stanford University. http://infolab.stanford.edu/~backrub/google.html. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  9. ^ "Corporate Information: Technology Overview". Google. http://www.google.com/corporate/tech.html. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  10. ^ "Google Frequently Asked Questions - File Types". Google. http://www.google.com/help/faq_filetypes.html#what. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  11. ^ Sherman, Chris and Price, Gary. "The Invisible Web: Uncovering Sources Search Engines Can't See, In: Library Trends 52 (2) 2003: Organizing the Internet:". pp. 282–298. http://hdl.handle.net/2142/8528. 
  12. ^ "Google Webmaster Guidelines". Google. http://www.google.com/webmasters/guidelines.html. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  13. ^ "Top 500". Alexa. http://www.alexa.com/site/ds/top_sites?ts_mode=global&lang=none. Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  14. ^ "Google:Stemming". Google. http://www.google.com/support/bin/answer.py?answer=35889#stemming. 
  15. ^ "I'm feeling lucky( button costs Google $110 million per year". Valleywag. 2007. http://valleywag.com/tech/google/im-feeling-lucky-button-costs-google-110-million-per-year-324927.php. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  16. ^ "Google’s New Homepage Motto: 'This Space Intentionally Left Blank'". WallStreetJournal. 2009. http://digitaldaily.allthingsd.com/20091030/goog-page/. Retrieved 2009-11-17. 
  17. ^ Goel, Kavi; Ramanathan V. Guha, Othar Hansson (2009-05-12). "Introducing Rich Snippets". Google Webmaster Central Blog. Google. http://googlewebmastercentral.blogspot.com/2009/05/introducing-rich-snippets.html. Retrieved 2009-05-25. 
  18. ^ a b c "Google and Search Engines". Emory University Law School. 2006. http://www.law.emory.edu/law-library/research/advanced-legal-research-class/finding-aids-and-searching/google.html. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h "Google Help Center – Alternate query types", 2009, webpage: G-help.
  20. ^ a b "Google error page". http://www.google.com/support/bin/answer.py?answer=15661. Retrieved 2008-12-31. 
  21. ^ Krebs, Brian (2009-01-31). "Google: This Internet May Harm Your Computer". The Washington Post. http://voices.washingtonpost.com/securityfix/2009/01/google_this_internet_will_harm.html?hpid=news-col-blog. Retrieved 2009-01-31. 
  22. ^ a b Mayer, Marissa (2009-01-31). "This site may harm your computer on every search result?!?!". The Official Google Blog. Google. http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2009/01/this-site-may-harm-your-computer-on.html. Retrieved 2009-01-31. 
  23. ^ Hwang, Dennis (June 8, 2004). "Oodles of Doodles". Google (corporate blog). http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2004/06/oodles-of-doodles.html. Retrieved July 19, 2006. 
  24. ^ "Google logos:Valentine's Day logo". February 14, 2007. http://www.google.com/logos/valentine07.gif. Retrieved April 6, 2007. 
  25. ^ a b Harvey, Mike (11 August 2009). "Google unveils new "Caffeine" search engine". London: The Times. http://technology.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/tech_and_web/personal_tech/article6792403.ece. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  26. ^ Culp, Katie (12 August 2009). "Google introduces new "Caffeine" search system". Fox News. http://www.foxbusiness.com/story/markets/industries/technology/google-introduces-new-caffeine-search/. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  27. ^ "Google never sleeps with Caffeine". http://www.jeffwendland.com/2009/08/11/google-never-sleeps-with-caffeine/. 
  28. ^ Martin, Paul (31 July 2009). "Bing - The new Search Engine from Microsoft and Yahoo". Cube3 Marketing. http://blog.cube3marketing.com/2009/07/31/bing-the-new-search-engine-from-microsoft-and-yahoo/. Retrieved 12 January 2010. 
  29. ^ Martin, Paul (27 August 2009). "Caffeine - The New Google Update". Cube3 Marketing. http://blog.cube3marketing.com/2009/08/27/caffeine-the-new-google-update/. Retrieved 12 January 2010. 
  30. ^ Barnett, Emma (11 August 2009). "Google reveals caffeine: a new faster search engine". The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/google/6009176/Google-reveals-caffeine-a-new-faster-search-engine.html. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  31. ^ a b Language Tools
  32. ^ Launch date
  33. ^ Word ranking according to Alexa Internet, see Alexa Global Top 500 Traffic Rank Accessed 31-March-2008
  34. ^ a b Google, Web Crawling and Distributed Synchronization p. 11.
  35. ^ Blogspot.com, Powering a Google search

Further reading

.
  • Google Hacks from O'Reilly is a book containing tips about using Google effectively.^ Google Suggest uses data about the overall popularity of various searches to help rank the refinements it offers.
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Yesterday, Jon West rang in with a tip about a specific search on Google for variations of the word ecommerce both with personalized web search enabled and disabled .
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    ^ So whats so smart about using Google data processing and storage capabilities?
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    Now in its third edition. .ISBN 0-596-52706-3.
  • Google: The Missing Manual by Sarah Milstein and Rael Dornfest (O'Reilly, 2004).^ May 13, 2004 Huge Bug in Google - Microsoft.com Missing!
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    ^ October 11, 2004 Google Search Automated or Manually Edited .
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    ^ March 30, 2004 ODP Downgraded: Google Users Missing Out?
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    ISBN 0-596-00613-6
  • How to Do Everything with Google by Fritz Schneider, Nancy Blachman, and Eric Fredricksen (McGraw-Hill Osborne Media, 2003). .ISBN 0-07-223174-2
  • Google Power by Chris Sherman (McGraw-Hill Osborne Media, 2005).^ Chris Sherman clarifies that (1) Google Maps North America is out of beta and (2) that http://maps.google.com/ still works.
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Google AdWords at November 24, 2005 8:07 AM Comments (4) .
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    ^ As Chris Sherman at SEW puts it, Google Launches Industrial Strength Blog Search but Danny doesn't think its completely industrial strength, in his SEW Blog post Thoughts On & Poking At Google Blog Search , where he says; .
    • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

    ISBN 0-07-225787-3
  • Barroso, Luiz Andre; Dean, Jeffrey; Hölzle, Urs (2003). "Web Search for a Planet: The Google Cluster Architecture". IEEE Micro 23 (2): 22–28. doi:10.1109/MM.2003.1196112. 

External links


Study guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiversity

.How does Google index websites and present search results?^ Google frequently changes how the search results interact with searchers.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ But a search on webmasterworld does not indent the result.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Labels: crawling and indexing , search results .

See Google Basics for an overview.
.This learning project will explore the many factors that determine how people find the information that they are looking for when they do a Google search.^ If you do a search in Google and can’t find what you’re looking for, what are you going to do?
  • 6 Reasons Why Twitter is the Future of Search – Google Beware 25 January 2010 23:24 UTC www.winningtheweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I am not sure how many people this is impacting, i.e.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

^ Google crawls it and someone finds this information while searching on Google.
  • Search Engine Roundtable: Google Search Engine Archives 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.seroundtable.com [Source type: General]

.It will use searching of Wikiversity as an example.^ As an example which illustrates the use of PageRank, anchor text, and proximity, Figure 4 shows Google's results for a search on "bill clinton".
  • The Anatomy of a Search Engine 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC infolab.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The easy way to find out is to search for your domain name prefaced by "site:" (I'd use "site:askdavetaylor.com" for example) and see if there are any matches.
  • How can I add a Google search box to my Web site? :: Free Tech Support :: Ask Dave Taylor!® 23 September 2009 5:27 UTC www.askdavetaylor.com [Source type: General]

^ The example used is pathetic, since no one searches the string “best restaurants in new york”!
  • 6 Reasons Why Twitter is the Future of Search – Google Beware 25 January 2010 23:24 UTC www.winningtheweb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Project pages:

Simple English

Google Search
[[File:|200px]]
File:Google web
The Google homepage
URL http://www.google.com
list of domain names
https://www.google.com
Type of site Search Engine
Owned by Google
Created by Sergey Brin and Larry Page
Current status of siteActive

Google Search or Google Web Search is a web search engine owned by Google Inc. and is the most-used search engine on the World Wide Web.[1] Google receives several hundred million queries each day through its various services.[2] The main purpose of Google Search is to hunt for text in webpages, as opposed to other data, such as with Google Image Search. Google search was originally developed by Larry Page and Sergey Brin in 1997,[3] based on earier search-engine designs.

Google Search provides at least 22 special features beyond the original word-search capability.[4] These include synonyms, weather forecasts, time zones, stock quotes, maps, earthquake data, movie showtimes, airports, home listings, and sports scores. (see below: Special features). There are special features for numbers, including ranges (70..73),[5] prices, temperatures, money/unit conversions ("10.5 cm in inches"), calculations ( 3*4+sqrt(6)-pi/2 ), package tracking, patents, area codes,[4] and language translation of displayed pages.

The order of search results (ghits for Google hits) on Google's search-results pages is based, in part, on a priority rank called a "PageRank". Google Search provides many options for customized search (see below: Search options), using Boolean operators such as: exclusion ("-xx"), inclusion ("+xx"), alternatives ("xx OR yy"), and wildcard ("x * x").[6]

Contents

Search engine

PageRank

Google's rise to success was in large part due to a patented algorithm called PageRank that helps rank web pages that match a given search string.[7] Previous keyword-based methods of ranking search results, used by many search engines that were once more popular than Google, would rank pages by how often the search terms occurred in the page, or how strongly associated the search terms were within each resulting page. The PageRank algorithm instead analyses human-generated links, assuming that web pages linked from many important pages are themselves likely to be important. The algorithm computes a recursive score for pages, based on the weighted sum of the PageRanks of the pages linking to them. PageRank is thought to correlate well with human concepts of importance. In addition to PageRank, Google over the years has added many other secret criteria for determining the ranking of pages on result lists, reported to be over 200 different indicators.[8][9] The details are kept secret due to spammers and in order to maintain an advantage over Google's competitors.

Search results

The exact percentage of the total of web pages that Google indexes is not known, as it is very hard to actually calculate. Google not only indexes and caches web pages but also takes "snapshots" of other file types, which include PDF, Word documents, Excel spreadsheets, Flash SWF, plain text files, and so on.[10] Except in the case of text and SWF files, the cached version is a conversion to (X)HTML, allowing those without the corresponding viewer application to read the file.

Users can customize the search engine, by setting a default language, using the "SafeSearch" filtering technology and set the number of results shown on each page. Google has been criticized for placing long-term cookies on users' machines to store these preferences, a tactic which also enables them to track a user's search terms and retain the data for more than a year. For any query, up to the first 1000 results can be shown with a maximum of 100 displayed per page. The ability to specify the number of results is available only if "Instant Search" is not enabled. If "Instant Search" is enabled, only 10 results are displayed, regardless of this setting.

Non-indexable data

Despite its immense index, there is also a considerable amount of data available in online databases which are accessible by means of queries but not by links. This so-called invisible or deep Web is minimally covered by Google and other search engines.[11] The deep Web contains library catalogs, official legislative documents of governments, phone books, and other content which is dynamically prepared to respond to a query.

Privacy in some countries forbids the showing of some links. For instance in Switzerland any individual can force Google Inc. to delete a link which contains their name.[needs proof]

Google optimization

Since Google is the most popular search engine, many webmasters have become eager to influence their website's Google rankings. An industry of consultants has arisen to help websites increase their rankings on Google and on other search engines. This field, called search engine optimization, attempts to discern patterns in search engine listings, and then develop a methodology for improving rankings to draw more searchers to their client's sites.

Search engine optimization encompasses both "on page" factors (like body copy, title elements, H1 heading elements and image alt attribute values) and Off Page Optimization factors (like anchor text and PageRank). The general idea is to affect Google's relevance algorithm by incorporating the keywords being targeted in various places "on page", in particular the title element and the body copy (note: the higher up in the page, presumably the better its keyword prominence and thus the ranking). Too many occurrences of the keyword, however, cause the page to look suspect to Google's spam checking algorithms.

Google has published guidelines for website owners who would like to raise their rankings when using legitimate optimization consultants.[12]

Functionality

[[File:|right|thumb|Image of definition link provided for many search terms.]] Google search consists of a series of localized websites. The largest of those, the google.com site, is the top most-visited website in the world.[13] Some of its features include a definition link for most searches including dictionary words, the number of results you got on your search, links to other searches (e.g. for words that Google believes to be misspelled, it provides a link to the search results using its proposed spelling), and many more.

Search syntax

Google's search engine normally accepts queries as a simple text, and breaks up the user's text into a sequence of search terms, which will usually be words that are to occur in the results, but one can also use Boolean operators, such as: quotations marks (") for a phrase, a prefix such as "+", "-" for qualified terms, or one of several advanced operators, such as "site:". The webpages of "Google Search Basics" describe each of these additional queries and options (see below: Search options).

Google's Advanced Search web form gives several additional fields which may be used to qualify searches by such criteria as date of first retrieval. All advanced queries transform to regular queries, usually with additional qualified terms.

Query expansion

Google applies query expansion to the submitted search query, transforming it into the query that will actually be used to retrieve results. As with page ranking, the exact details of the algorithm Google uses are deliberately obscure, but certainly the following transformations are among those that occur:

  • Term reordering: in information retrieval this is a standard technique to reduce the work involved in retrieving results. This transformation is invisible to the user, since the results ordering uses the original query order to determine relevance.
  • Stemming is used to increase search quality by keeping small syntactic variants of search terms.[14]
  • There is a limited facility to fix possible misspellings in queries.

"I'm Feeling Lucky"

Google's homepage includes a button labeled "I'm Feeling Lucky". When a user clicks on the button the user will be taken directly to the first search result, bypassing the search engine results page. The thought is that if a user is "feeling lucky", the search engine will return the perfect match the first time without having to page through the search results. According to a study by Tom Chavez of "Rapt", this feature costs Google $110 million a year as 1% of all searches use this feature and bypass all advertising.[15]

On October 30, 2009, for some users, the "I'm Feeling Lucky" button was removed from Google's main page, along with the regular search button. Both buttons were replaced with a field that reads, "This space intentionally left blank." This text faded out when the mouse was moved on the page, and normal search functionality is achieved by filling in the search field with the desired terms and pressing enter. A Google spokesperson explains, "This is just a test, and a way for us to gauge whether our users will like an even simpler search interface."[16] Personalized Google homepages retained both buttons and their normal functions.

On May 21, 2010, the 30th anniversary of Pac-Man, the "I'm Feeling Lucky" button was replaced with a button reading the words "Insert Coin". After pressing the button, the user would begin a Google-themed game of Pac-Man in the area where the Google logo would normally be. Pressing the button a second time would begin a two-player version of the same game that includes Ms. Pacman for player 2. This version can be accessed at http://www.google.com/pacman as a permanent link to the page.

Rich Snippets

On 12 May 2009, Google announced that they would be parsing the hCard, hReview, and hProduct microformats and using them to populate search result pages with what they called "Rich Snippets".[17]

Special featuresTemplate:Anchors

Besides the main search-engine feature of searching for text, Google Search has more than 22 "special features" (activated by entering any of dozens of trigger words) when searching:[4][5][18]

  • weather – The weather conditions, temperature, wind, humidity, and forecast,[4] for many cities, can be viewed by typing "weather" along with a city for larger cities or city and state, U.S. zip code, or city and country for smaller cities (such as: weather Lawrence, Kansas; weather Paris; weather Bremen, Germany).
  • stock quotes – The market data[4] for a specific company or fund can be viewed, by typing the ticker symbol (or include "stock"), such as: CSCO; MSFT; IBM stock; F stock (lists Ford Motor Co.); or AIVSX (fund). Results show inter-day changes, or 5-year graph, etc. This does not work for stock names which are one letter long, such as Citigroup (C) or Macy's (M) (Ford being an exception), or are common words, such as Diamond Offshore (DO) or Majesco (COOL).
  • time – The current time in many cities (worldwide),[4] can be viewed by typing "time" and the name of the city (such as: time Cairo; time Pratt, KS).
  • sports scores – The scores and schedules, for sports teams,[4] can be displayed by typing the team name or league name into the search box.
  • unit conversion – Measurements can be converted,[4] by entering each phrase, such as: 10.5 cm in inches; or 90 km in miles
  • currency conversion – A money or currency converter can be selected,[4] by typing the names or currency codes (listed by ISO 4217): 6789 Euro in USD; 150 GBP in USD; 5000 Yen in USD; 5000 Yuan in lira (the U.S. dollar can be USD or "US$" or "$", while Canadian is CAD, etc.).
  • calculator – Calculation results can be determined,[4] as calculated live, by entering a formula in numbers or words, such as: 6*77 +pi +sqrt(e^3)/888 plus 0.45. The user is given the option to search for the formula, after calculation. The calculator also uses the unit and currency conversion functions to allow unit-aware calculations. For example, "(3 EUR/liter) / (40 miles/gallon) in USD / mile" calculates the dollar cost per mile for a 40 mpg car with gas costing 3 euros a liter. The caret "^" raises a number to an exponent power, and percentages are allowed ("40% of 300").[5]
  • numeric ranges – A set of numbers can be matched by using a double-dot between range numbers (70..73 or 90..100) to match any positive number in the range, inclusive.[5] Negative numbers are treated as using exclusion-dash to not match the number.
  • dictionary lookup – A definition for a word or phrase can be found,[4] by entering "define" followed by a colon and the word(s) to lookup (such as, "define:philosophy")
  • maps – Some related maps can be displayed,[4] by typing in the name or U.S. ZIP code of a location and the word "map" (such as: New York map; Kansas map; or Paris map).
  • movie showtimes – Reviews or film showtimes can be listed for any movies playing nearby,[4] by typing "movies" or the name of any current film into the search box. If a specific location was saved on a previous search, the top search result will display showtimes for nearby theaters for that movie. These listings however are sometimes totally incorrect and there is no way to ask Google to correct them; for example, on 25 July, for the El Capitan Theatre, google showtimes lists Up but according to the El Capitan website, the only movie playing that day is G-Force.[needs proof]
  • public data – Trends for population (or unemployment rates)[4] can be found for U.S. states & counties, by typing "population" or "unemployment rate" followed by a state or county name.
  • real estate and housing – Home listings in a given area can be displayed,[4] using the trigger words "housing", "home", or "real estate" followed by the name of a city or U.S. zip code.
  • travel data/airports – The flight status for arriving or departing U.S. flights can be displayed,[4] by typing in the name of the airline and the flight number into the search box (such as: American airlines 18). Delays at a specific airport can also be viewed (by typing the name of the city or three-letter airport code plus word "airport").
  • package tracking – Package mail can be tracked[4] by typing the tracking number of a Royal Mail, UPS, Fedex or USPS package directly into the search box. Results will include quick links to track the status of each shipment.
  • patent numbers – U.S. patents can be searched[4][18] by entering the word "patent" followed by the patent number into the search box (such as: Patent 5123123).
  • area code – The geographical location (for any U.S. telephone area code)[4] can be displayed by typing a 3-digit area code (such as: 650).
  • synonym search – A search can match words similar to those specified,[4] by placing the tilde sign (~) immediately in front of a search term, such as:  ~fast food.
  • U.S. Government search – Searching of U.S. government websites can be performed from webpage: www.google.com/unclesam.[18]

Search options

The webpages maintained by the Google Help Center have text describing more than 15 various search options.[19] The Google operators:

  • OR – Search for either one, such as "price high OR low" searches for "price" with "high" or "low".
  • "-" – Search while excluding a word, such as "apple -tree" searches where word "tree" is not used.
  • "+" – Force inclusion of a word, such as "Name +of +the Game" to require the words "of" & "the" to appear on a matching page.
  • "*" – Wildcard operator to match any words between other specific words.

Some of the query options are as follows:

  • define: – The query prefix "define:" will provide a definition[19] of the words listed after it.
  • stocks: – After "stocks:" the query terms are treated as stock ticker symbols[19] for lookup.
  • site: – Restrict the results to those websites in the given domain,[19] such as, site:www.acmeacme.com. The option "site:com" will search all domain URLs named with ".com" (no space after "site:").
  • allintitle: – Only the page titles are searched[19] (not the remaining text on each webpage).
  • intitle: – Prefix to search in a webpage title,[19] such as "intitle:google search" will list pages with word "google" in title, and word "search" anywhere (no space after "intitle:").
  • allinurl: – Only the page URL address lines are searched[19] (not the text inside each webpage).
  • inurl: – Prefix for each word to be found in the URL;[19] others words are matched anywhere, such as "inurl:acme search" matches "acme" in a URL, but matches "search" anywhere (no space after "inurl:").

The page-display options (or query types) are:

  • cache: – Highlights the search-words within the cached document, such as "cache:www.google.com xxx" shows cached content with word "xxx" highlighted.
  • link: – The prefix "link:" will list webpages that have links to the specified webpage, such as "link:www.google.com" lists webpages linking to the Google homepage.
  • related: – The prefix "related:" will list webpages that are "similar" to a specified web page.
  • info: – The prefix "info:" will display some background information about one specified webpage, such as, info:www.google.com. Typically, the info is the first text (160 bytes, about 23 words) contained in the page, displayed in the style of a results entry (for just the 1 page as matching the search).
  • filetype: - results will only show files of the desired type (ex filetype:pdf will return pdf files)

Note that Google searches the HTML coding inside a webpage, not the screen appearance: the words displayed on a screen might not be listed in the same order in the HTML coding.

Error messages

Some searches will give a 403 Forbidden error with the text

"We're sorry... ... but your query looks similar to automated requests from a computer virus or spyware application. To protect our users, we can't process your request right now. We'll restore your access as quickly as possible, so try again soon. In the meantime, if you suspect that your computer or network has been infected, you might want to run a virus checker or spyware remover to make sure that your systems are free of viruses and other spurious software. We apologise for the inconvenience, and hope we'll see you again from all of the team here at Google."

sometimes followed by a CAPTCHA prompt.[20]

The screen was first reported in 2005, and was a response to the heavy use of Google by search engine optimization companies to check on ranks of sites they were optimizing. The message is triggered by high volumes of requests from a single IP address. Google apparently uses the Google cookie as part of its determination of refusing service.[20]

In June 2009, after the death of pop superstar Michael Jackson, this message appeared to many internet users who were searching Google for news stories related to the singer, and was assumed by Google to be a DDoS attack, although many queries were submitted by legitimate searchers.

January 2009 malware bug

[[File:|thumb|right|A screen-shot of the error of January 31, 2009 on an Apple Mac computer.]]

Google flags search results with the message "This site may harm your computer" if the site is known to install malicious software in the background or otherwise surreptitiously. Google does this to protect users against visiting sites that could harm their computers. For approximately 40 minutes on January 31, 2009, all search results were mistakenly classified as malware and could therefore not be clicked; instead a warning message was displayed and the user was required to enter the requested URL manually. The bug was caused by human error.[21][22][23][24] The URL of "/" (which expands to all URLs) was mistakenly added to the malware patterns file.[22][23]

Doodle for Google

On certain occasions, the logo on Google's webpage will change to a special version, known as a "Google Doodle". Clicking on the Doodle links to a string of Google search results about the topic. The first was a reference to the Burning Man Festival in 1998,[25][26] and others have been produced for the birthdays of notable people like Albert Einstein, historical events like the interlocking Lego block's 50th anniversary and holidays like Valentine's Day.[27]

Google Caffeine

In August 2009, Google announced the rollout of a new search architecture, codenamed "Caffeine".[28] The new architecture was designed to return results faster and to better deal with rapidly updated information[29] from services including Facebook and Twitter.[28] Google developers noted that most users would notice little immediate change, but invited developers to test the new search in its sandbox.[30] Differences noted for their impact upon search engine optimization included heavier keyword weighting and the importance of the domain's age.[31][32] The move was interpreted in some quarters as a response to Microsoft's recent release of an upgraded version of its own search service, renamed Bing.[33] Google announced completion of Caffeine on 8 June 2010, claiming 50% fresher results due to continuous updating of its index.[34] With Caffeine, Google moved its back-end indexing system away from MapReduce and onto BigTable, the company's distributed database platform.[35] Caffeine is also based on Colossus, or GFS2,[36] an overhaul of the GFS distributed file system.[37]

Encrypted Search

In May 2010 Google rolled out SSL-encrypted web search.[38] The encrypted search can be accessed at: https://encrypted.google.com

Instant Search

Google Instant, an enhancement that displays suggested results while the user types, was introduced in the United States starting on September 8, 2010. One concern is that people will select one of the suggested results instead of finishing their request, and that such a practice could cause bias toward familiar businesses or other search terms. Pornographic or otherwise offensive search terms are excluded from the suggested results. The instant feature appears only on the basic Google site and not specialized iGoogle pages. Google expects Google Instant to save users 2 to 5 seconds in every search, which they say will be collectively 11 million seconds per hour.[39] Search engine marketing pundits speculate that Google Instant will have a great impact on local and paid search. [40]

In concert with the Google Instant launch, Google disabled the ability of users to choose to see more than 10 search results per page. Instant Search can be disabled via Google's "preferences" menu, but autocomplete-style search suggestions now cannot be disabled. A Google representative stated, "It's in keeping with our vision of a unified Google search experience to make popular, useful features part of the default experience, rather than maintain different versions of Google. As Autocomplete quality has improved, we felt it was appropriate to have it always on for all of our users."[41]

International

Google is available in many languages and has been localized for many countries.[42]

Languages

The interface has also been made available in some languages for humorous purpose:

Domain names

In addition to the main URL Google.com, Google Inc. owns 160 domain names for each of the countries/regions in which it has been localized.[42] As Google is an American company, the main domain name can be considered as the U.S. one. For a list of the current domain names, see Template:Google.com.

Some domain names unregistered by Google are currently squatted, such as "Google.ua" (for Ukraine, where the correct URL is "google.com.ua").

Search products

In addition to its tool for searching webpages, Google also provides services for searching images, Usenet newsgroups, news websites, videos, searching by locality, maps, and items for sale online. In 2006, Google has indexed over 25 billion web pages,[43] 400 million queries per day,[43] 1.3 billion images, and over one billion Usenet messages. It also caches much of the content that it indexes. Google operates other tools and services including Google News, Google Suggest, Google Product Search, Google Maps, Google Co-op, Google Earth, Google Docs, Picasa, Panoramio, YouTube, Google Translate, Google Blog Search and Google Desktop Search.

There are also products available from Google that are not directly search-related. Gmail, for example, is a webmail application, but still includes search features; Google Browser Sync does not offer any search facilities, although it aims to organize your browsing time.

Also Google starts many new beta products, like Google Social Search or Google Image Swirl.

Energy consumption

Google claims that a search query requires altogether about 1 kJ or 0.0003 kW·h.[44]

See also

  • List of Google products
  • List of search engines

References

  1. "Alexa Search Engine ranking". http://www.alexa.com/siteinfo/google.com+yahoo.com+altavista.com. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  2. "Almost 12 Billion U.S. Searches Conducted in July". SearchEngineWatch. 2008-09-02. http://searchenginewatch.com/showPage.html?page=3630718. 
  3. "WHOIS - google.com". http://reports.internic.net/cgi/whois?whois_nic=google.com&type=domain. Retrieved 2009-01-27. 
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 "Search Features". Google.com. May 2009. http://www.google.com/intl/en/help/features.html. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Google Help : Cheat Sheet". Google. 2010. http://www.google.com/help/cheatsheet.html. 
  6. ...The *, or wildcard, is a little-known feature that can be very powerful...
  7. Sergey Brin and Lawrence Page (1998). "The Anatomy of a Large-Scale Hypertextual Web Search Engine". Stanford University. http://infolab.stanford.edu/~backrub/google.html. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  8. "Corporate Information: Technology Overview". Google. http://www.google.com/corporate/tech.html. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  9. http://www.wired.com/magazine/2010/02/ff_google_algorithm/
  10. "Google Frequently Asked Questions - File Types". Google. http://www.google.com/help/faq_filetypes.html#what. Retrieved 2008-01-29. 
  11. Sherman, Chris and Price, Gary. "The Invisible Web: Uncovering Sources Search Engines Can't See, In: Library Trends 52 (2) 2003: Organizing the Internet:". pp. 282–298. http://hdl.handle.net/2142/8528. 
  12. "Google Webmaster Guidelines". Google. http://www.google.com/webmasters/guidelines.html. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  13. "Top 500". Alexa. http://www.alexa.com/site/ds/top_sites?ts_mode=global&lang=none. Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  14. "Google:Stemming". Google. http://www.google.com/support/bin/answer.py?answer=35889#stemming. 
  15. "I'm feeling lucky( button costs Google $110 million per year". Valleywag. 2007. http://valleywag.com/tech/google/im-feeling-lucky-button-costs-google-110-million-per-year-324927.php. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  16. "Google’s New Homepage Motto: 'This Space Intentionally Left Blank'". WallStreetJournal. 2009. http://digitaldaily.allthingsd.com/20091030/goog-page/. Retrieved 2009-11-17. 
  17. Goel, Kavi; Ramanathan V. Guha, Othar Hansson (2009-05-12). "Introducing Rich Snippets". Google Webmaster Central Blog. Google. http://googlewebmastercentral.blogspot.com/2009/05/introducing-rich-snippets.html. Retrieved 2009-05-25. 
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 "Google and Search Engines". Emory University Law School. 2006. http://www.law.emory.edu/law-library/research/advanced-legal-research-class/finding-aids-and-searching/google.html. 
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 19.5 19.6 19.7 "Google Help Center – Alternate query types", 2009, webpage: G-help.
  20. 20.0 20.1 "Google error page". http://www.google.com/support/bin/answer.py?answer=15661. Retrieved 2008-12-31. 
  21. Krebs, Brian (2009-01-31). "Google: This Internet May Harm Your Computer". The Washington Post. http://voices.washingtonpost.com/securityfix/2009/01/google_this_internet_will_harm.html?hpid=news-col-blog. Retrieved 2009-01-31. 
  22. 22.0 22.1 Mayer, Marissa (2009-01-31). "This site may harm your computer on every search result?!?!". The Official Google Blog. Google. http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2009/01/this-site-may-harm-your-computer-on.html. Retrieved 2009-01-31. 
  23. 23.0 23.1 Weinstein, Maxim (2009-1-31). "Google glitch causes confusion". StopBadware.org. http://blog.stopbadware.org/2009/01/31/google-glitch-causes-confusion. Retrieved 2010-5-10. 
  24. Cooper, Russ (January 31, 2009). "Serious problems with Google search". Verizon Business Security Blog. http://securityblog.verizonbusiness.com/2009/01/31/serious-problems-with-google-search/. Retrieved 2010-5-10. 
  25. Hwang, Dennis (June 8, 2004). "Oodles of Doodles". Google (corporate blog). http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2004/06/oodles-of-doodles.html. Retrieved July 19, 2006. 
  26. "Doodle History". Google, Inc.. http://www.google.com/doodle4google/history.html. Retrieved 5-10-2010. 
  27. "Google logos:Valentine's Day logo". February 14, 2007. http://www.google.com/logos/valentine07.gif. Retrieved April 6, 2007. 
  28. 28.0 28.1 Harvey, Mike (11 August 2009). "Google unveils new "Caffeine" search engine". London: The Times. http://technology.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/tech_and_web/personal_tech/article6792403.ece. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  29. "What Does Google "Caffeine" Mean for My Website?". New York: Siivo Corp. 21 July 2010. http://www.siivo.com/blog/2010/07/what-does-google-caffeine-mean-for-my-website. Retrieved 21 July 2010. 
  30. Culp, Katie (12 August 2009). "Google introduces new "Caffeine" search system". Fox News. http://www.foxbusiness.com/story/markets/industries/technology/google-introduces-new-caffeine-search/. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  31. Martin, Paul (31 July 2009). "Bing - The new Search Engine from Microsoft and Yahoo". Cube3 Marketing. http://blog.cube3marketing.com/2009/07/31/bing-the-new-search-engine-from-microsoft-and-yahoo/. Retrieved 12 January 2010. 
  32. Martin, Paul (27 August 2009). "Caffeine - The New Google Update". Cube3 Marketing. http://blog.cube3marketing.com/2009/08/27/caffeine-the-new-google-update/. Retrieved 12 January 2010. 
  33. Barnett, Emma (11 August 2009). "Google reveals caffeine: a new faster search engine". The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/google/6009176/Google-reveals-caffeine-a-new-faster-search-engine.html. Retrieved 14 August 2009. 
  34. Grimes, Carrie (8 June 2010). "Our new search index: Caffeine". The Official Google Blog. http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2010/06/our-new-search-index-caffeine.html. Retrieved 18 June 2010. 
  35. Google search index splits with MapReduce – The Register
  36. Google Caffeine: What it really is – The Register
  37. Google File System II: Dawn of the Multiplying Master Nodes – The Register
  38. "SSL Search: Features - Web Search Help". Web Search Help. Google. May 2010. http://www.google.com/support/websearch/bin/answer.py?answer=173733&hl=en. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 
  39. Peter Nowak. Tech Bytes: Google Instant [Television production]. United States: ABC News.
  40. "How Google Saved $100 Million By Launching Google Instant". http://searchengineland.com/how-google-saved-100-million-by-launching-google-instant-51270. Retrieved 20 September 2010. 
  41. Google Web Search Help Forum (WebCite archive)
  42. 42.0 42.1 Language Tools
  43. 43.0 43.1 Google, Web Crawling and Distributed Synchronization p. 11.
  44. Blogspot.com, Powering a Google search

Further reading

  • Google Hacks from O'Reilly is a book containing tips about using Google effectively. Now in its third edition. ISBN 0-596-52706-3.
  • Google: The Missing Manual by Sarah Milstein and Rael Dornfest (O'Reilly, 2004). ISBN 0-596-00613-6
  • How to Do Everything with Google by Fritz Schneider, Nancy Blachman, and Eric Fredricksen (McGraw-Hill Osborne Media, 2003). ISBN 0-07-223174-2
  • Google Power by Chris Sherman (McGraw-Hill Osborne Media, 2005). ISBN 0-07-225787-3
  • Barroso, Luiz Andre; Dean, Jeffrey; Hölzle, Urs (2003). [Expression error: Unexpected < operator "Web Search for a Planet: The Google Cluster Architecture"]. IEEE Micro 23 (2): 22–28. doi:10.1109/MM.2003.1196112. 

Other webpages

  • Google.com
  • Blogpost.com, Evolution of Google Home Page from 1998 to 2008
  • [1], A Google custom search engine accessing only academic web pages selected by teachers, librarians, and consortia

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 08, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Google search, which are similar to those in the above article.








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