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Googleplex Welcome Sign.jpg
One of the entrance signs at the Googleplex
Built 1997
Location Mountain View, California
Coordinate 37°25′19″N 122°05′02″W / 37.422°N 122.084°W / 37.422; -122.084Coordinates: 37°25′19″N 122°05′02″W / 37.422°N 122.084°W / 37.422; -122.084
Industry Internet, computer software
Products See list of Google products
Address 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway Mountain View, CA 94043

The Googleplex is the corporate headquarters complex of Google, Inc., located at 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway in Mountain View, Santa Clara County, California, near San Jose. "Googleplex" is a portmanteau of Google and complex, and a reference to googolplex, the name given to the large number 1010100, or 10googol.

The Googleplex is one of the company's 23 U.S. and Canadian locations. Google also maintains 23 European locations, 14 Asia/Pacific locations, 5 Middle East locations, and 3 Latin American locations.[1]


Facilities and history

Entrance to lobby of Building 40
The south side of the Googleplex

The four core buildings, totaling 47,038 square meters (506,310 sq ft), were built for and originally occupied by Silicon Graphics (SGI). The office space and corporate campus is located within a larger 26-acre (110,000 m2) site that contains Charleston Park, a 5-acre (20,000 m2) public park; improved access to Permanente Creek; and public trails that connect the corporate site to Shoreline Park and the Bay Trail. The project, launched in 1994 to reclaim a former industrial brownfield, was a creative collaboration between SGI, STUDIOS Architecture in San Francisco, SWA Group of San Francisco and Sausalito, and the Planning and Community Development Agency of the City of Mountain View.[citation needed] The objective was to develop in complementary fashion the privately-owned corporate headquarters and adjoining public greenspace. Key design decisions placed parking for nearly 2000 cars underground, enabling SWA to integrate the two open spaces with water features, shallow pools, fountains, pathways, and plazas. The project was completed in 1997. The ASLA noted in 1999 that the SGI project was a significant departure from typical corporate campuses, challenging conventional thinking about private and public space.

The former SGI facilities were leased by Google beginning in 2003.[2] In June 2006, Google purchased some of Silicon Graphics' properties, including the Googleplex, for $319 million.[3][4]

Since the buildings are of relatively low height, the complex covers a large area. The interior of the headquarters is furnished with items like shade lamps and giant rubber balls. The lobby contains a piano and a projection of current live Google search queries. The facilities include a gym (Building 40), free laundry rooms (Buildings 40 and 42), two small swimming pools, a sand volleyball court, and eleven cafeterias of diverse selection. Google has also installed replicas of SpaceShipOne and a dinosaur skeleton.[5][6]

Since 2007 the site has featured a series of solar panels, covering the rooftops of eight buildings and two solar carports capable of producing 1.6 megawatts of electricity. At the time of installation Google believed it to be the largest in the United States among corporations. The panels provide the power needed for 30% of the peak electricity demand in their solar-powered buildings.[7]

Four 100kW Bloom Energy Servers were shipped to Google in July 2008, making Google the first customer of Bloom Energy.[8][9]


Googleplex courtyard

The Googleplex is located between Charleston Road, Amphitheatre Parkway, and Shoreline Boulevard in north Mountain View, California close to the Shoreline Park wetlands. Employees living in San Francisco or the East Bay may take a wifi-enabled Google subsidized shuttle to and from work. It is powered by biodiesel.[10]

Neighbors of the Googleplex include Alza Plaza to the west; Shoreline Amphitheatre to the north; Intuit to the northwest and Century Theatres, Microsoft Corporation's Silicon Valley research complex, and the Computer History Museum to the south. Moffett Field lies nearby to the east.

Other uses of the word

"Googleplex" is also part of a title referring to a minor character from The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, a powerful computer called the "Googleplex Star Thinker".


  1. ^ Google Offices from the company's website. Retrieved 2009-11-07.
  2. ^ Olsen, Stefanie (2003-07-13). "Google's movin' on up with Sujeet Kumar and Manohar Patti". CNET (CNET Networks, Inc.). Retrieved 2007-01-04. 
  3. ^ Mills, Elinor (2006-06-14). "Google buying its Mountain View, Calif., property". CNET (CNET Networks, Inc.). Retrieved 2007-01-04. 
  4. ^ "Google to purchase Mountain View buildings". San Jose Mercury News (AccessMyLibrary). June 14, 2006. Retrieved 2009-11-07. 
  5. ^ Weinberg, Nathan (2007-01-22). "Yes, Google Has A Dinosaur". Retrieved 2007-01-23. 
  6. ^ Mohney, Chris (2007-02-06). "25 things to see at the Googleplex before you die". Valleywag. Gawker Media. Retrieved 2009-08-08. 
  7. ^ "Solar Panel Project". Google. Retrieved 2009-11-06. "In June 2007 Google completed a 1.6MW solar installation at our Mountain View, CA headquarters - the largest U.S. corporate installation at that time. We installed 9,212 solar panels that cover the rooftops of eight buildings and two solar carports at the Googleplex. This installation produces enough electricity to power 30% of Google's peak electricity demand in our solar powered buildings at our Mountain View, CA headquarters." 
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ Spivack, Cari (2004-09-13). "Worth the drive". Official Google Blog. Google, Inc.. Retrieved 2007-01-04. 

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