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Coordinates: 53°41′57″N 0°52′09″W / 53.699217°N 0.869171°W / 53.699217; -0.869171

Goole
Goole Docks.jpg
Goole Docks
Goole is located in East Riding of Yorkshire
Goole

 Goole shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
Population 17,600 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SE746231
Parish Goole
Unitary authority East Riding of Yorkshire
Ceremonial county East Riding of Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GOOLE
Postcode district DN14
Dialling code 01405
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Brigg and Goole
List of places: UK • England • Yorkshire

Goole is a town, civil parish and port located approximately 45 miles (72 km) inland on the River Ouse in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The port is "highly versatile", and is capable of handling nearly 3 million tonnes of cargo per annum, making it one of the most important ports on the east coast of England.[2]

Goole is twinned with Złotów, Poland (and was twinned with Rostock, northern Germany in 1969 although this seems to have lapsed). Goole was informally twinned with Gibraltar in the 1960s, at that time Gibraltar Court was named in Goole and Goole Court was named in Gibraltar.

Contents

History

St John's church, Goole

The civil engineer Cornelius Vermuyden from the Netherlands diverted the River Don northwards to the River Ouse in 1626-9[3] to drain the marshland of Hatfield Chase at the behest of King Charles I. This also made the lower Don navigable for small barges so that coal from South Yorkshire coalfields was transported to "Goole" at the new mouth of the Don (or "Dutch River") for transfer to seagoing vessels.

The Aire and Calder Navigation Company opened their broad canal from Knottingley in the northern sector of the coalfield in 1826 together with eight transshipment docks at Goole and a company-built town. This gave rise to several innovations in materials handling by the chief engineer, William Bartholomew. In 1863 he introduced the Tom Pudding system of compartment boats which could each carry around 40 long tons (41,000 kg) of coal.[4] In the docks Bartholomew introduced large boat hoists which could lift the Puddings and discharge directly into sea going ships which exported the coal to all parts of the world. These managed to compete with rail and were used until 1985.

For most of the life of the port, coal has been the dominent commodity handled. Another commodity associated with the mining industry has been pit props. These were traditionally stored floating in the water at the Timber Pond. With the decline of the mining industry, pit props are no longer imported and the Timber Pond is now a marina trading under the name, Goole Boathouse. It has berths for 150 boats and is the largest inland waterway marina in Yorkshire.

The three locks that keep the water in thirty-seven acres of docks at a constant depth of six metres by preventing the level from rising and falling with the tides in the River Ouse. Ships and barges entering the port must first pass through the locks. Once inside there are eight docks with a total of three miles of quayside at which they can berth. Besides the docks are transit sheds where cargo is stored, many of which are equipped with overhead cranes. Goole has regular cargo liner services to Norway, Sweden, Finland, Germany, Holland, Belgium, France, Spain, Morocco and South Africa. There is also trade by charter vessel to and from many other countries, including Russia, Denmark, Italy and the Mediterranean. Cargo from other parts of the world such as the U.S.A, China and Australia reaches Goole by transshipment services from Rotterdam. When Goole first opened as a port it was a small new village of about 450 people.[5] Now it is a small town with about 18,000 inhabitants.[6]

A Tom Pudding hoist in Goole.

The Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway built a line from Pontefract and Wakefield in 1848 and the North Eastern Railway connected with Doncaster and Hull in 1870. The prosperity from the coal and general cargo trade with the West Riding industrial area continued for 150 years after the opening of the canal. After a period of decline, these commodities were more than replaced by containers, the export of steel and the import of timber from north-eastern Europe. The two original 1826 docks, along with all six others built later, are still in full operation. Goole railway station is on the Sheffield to Hull Line and is the terminus of the Pontefract Line.

Glass and clothing are produced in Goole and it is the focus of an agricultural district.

Transport

Goole is located south of the M62 linking it with Kingston upon Hull in the east and the West Yorkshire urban belt in the west. The M18 lies west of the town connecting it with South Yorkshire and the South and Midlands. Goole also has a railway station with services to Hull Paragon Interchange, Doncaster, Sheffield and Leeds, as well as the commuter railway stations in between. There are also bus services from Goole to surrounding towns and villages. Goole is positioned as commuter distance from Doncaster, Hull, Leeds and York.

Governance

Prior to the reform of local government in 1974, brought about by the Local Government Act 1972, Goole was in the West Riding of Yorkshire. It was then placed in the Boothferry district of the newly formed county of Humberside until that was abolished in 1996. Since 1996, Goole has been in the East Riding of Yorkshire. It is represented by six councillors on the East Riding of Yorkshire Council.

Goole is currently in the parliamentary constituency of Brigg and Goole. The constituency is represented by one Member of Parliament in the House of Commons.

Amenities

Boothferry Road, the main shopping street

Goole has a modest size town centre with many high street shops, independent retailers and public houses. The main shopping area is Wesley Square off Boothferry Road (which has been pedestrianised around the main shopping area.)

Some of the shops, such as Argos are situated in a modern retail development in the town centre with designated off street parking. Goole has a number of supermarkets, the largest been Tesco situated on the edge of the town centre, the town also boasts a Co-Op, Sainsbury's, Netto, Lidl and soon Morrion's. Goole has a leisure centre situated adjacent to the docks. Goole is well served by the Goole and District Hospital, situated to the north of the town.

Goole has a several junior schools and a High School with a 6 Form College attached to it, across the road is Goole College which is affiliated with Hull College. Smaller further education colleges are situated in Selby, Scunthorpe and Bishop Burton.

Landmarks

Goole's twin water towers, dubbed the "salt and pepper pots"

Goole's most prominent landmarks are its twin water towers, dubbed the "salt and pepper pots". In the winter months, Goole's gas holder on Anderson Road is visible across the north of the town. Many of the hoists and cranes of the docks can be seen across the town. The steeple of Goole Parish Church is also tall enough to be seen across the town. The landscape of the town is made up mostly of utility and industrial structures. Due to the towns relative flatness, all the structures are largely set at the same height.

Plans

A view of Goole from the north east

Permission was granted by the East Riding of Yorkshire Council for the development of a new, large industrial park on land adjacent to the M62 on the outskirts of the town.

Since work began, the industrial park, now known as Capitol Park, has attracted two large employers in the form of Guardian Industries, who have built a glass manufacturing plant and Tesco, who have built a distribution centre. The arrival of these employers has resulted in hundreds of new jobs being created.

Recently, Morrisons have announced plans to build a supermarket on the site of the old Timms Mill. Currently building work has started.

Sport

Goole's main football team is Goole A.F.C.. It is the town's only semi-professional football team and currently they play in the UniBond League 1st Division South. Local hero Malcolm Raywood once donned the clubs colours and became the oldest player in the towns history when he turned out at the ripe old age of 87. The entrance to the football grounds are located at the end of Carter Street. The nearest professional teams are Doncaster Rovers, Hull City, Leeds United and York City.

Media

Although there are no radio or television stations based in Goole, it is home to Radio Medica, the town's hospital radio station. At one point BBC Radio Humberside had an office at the market, but this closed. Other stations received in Goole on FM include Viking FM, KCFM, Hallam FM, Pulse FM, Minster FM, Galaxy Yorkshire, and the national BBC services.

Goole is also well placed to receive a good selection of DAB Radio Stations. On Sky Digital Look North for Goole news is on EPG number 977 whilst the main BBC One Look North (101) is mainly the West Yorkshire Edition.

References

  1. ^ "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Goole CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=790966&c=Goole&d=16&e=15&g=390797&i=1001x1003x1004&o=1&m=0&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779. Retrieved 2008-05-16. 
  2. ^ Associated British Ports.
  3. ^ Porteous, J.D. (1969). The Company Town of Goole: An Essay in Urban Genesis. Hull University Press. Pages 5-6.
  4. ^ [1]Goole on the Web
  5. ^ Porteous, J.D. (1969). The Company Town of Goole: An Essay in Urban Genesis. Hull University Press. Page 6.
  6. ^ H. Tolley and K. Orrell (1978) Yorkshire third edition ISBN 0-521-21918-3

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Educational


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

GOOLE, a market town and port in the Osgoldcross parliamentary division of the West Riding of Yorkshire, England, at the confluence of the Don and the Ouse, 24 m. W. by S. from Hull, served by the North Eastern, Lancashire & Yorkshire, Great Central and Asholme joint railways. Pop. of urban district (1901) 16,576. The town owes its existence to the construction of the Knottingley canal in 1826 by the Aire and Calder Navigation Company, after which, in 1829, Goole was made a bonding port. Previously it had been an obscure hamlet. The port was administratively combined with that of Hull in 1885. It is 47 m. from the North Sea (mouth of the Humber), and a wide system of inland navigation opens from it. There are eight docks supplied with timber ponds, quays, warehouses and other accommodation. The depth of water is 21 or 22 ft. at high water, spring tides. Chief exports are coal, stone, woollen goods and machinery; imports, butter, fruit, indigo, logwood, timber and wool. Industries include the manufacture of alum, sugar, rope and agricultural instruments, and iron-founding. Shipbuilding is also carried on, and there is a large dry dock and a patent slip for repairing vessels. Passenger steamship services are worked in connexion with the Lancashire & Yorkshire railway to Amsterdam, Antwerp, Bruges, Copenhagen, Rotterdam and other north European ports. The handsome church of St John the Evangelist, with a lofty tower and spire, dates from 1844.


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Simple English

Goole

File:Goole
Goole Docks



Goole shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
Population 17,600
OS grid reference SE746231
Parish Goole
Unitary authority East Riding of Yorkshire
Ceremonial county East Riding of Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GOOLE
Postcode district DN14
Dialling code 01405
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance Yorkshire
UK Parliament Brigg and Goole
European Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
List of places: UKEngland • Yorkshire
Coordinates: 53°41′57″N 0°52′09″W / 53.699217°N 0.869171°W / 53.699217; -0.869171

Goole is a town in the East Riding of Yorkshire of England, UK. It is not far from the border with North Yorkshire.

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