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Goosebumps
Goosebumpscastwithstine.PNG
An illustration of R. L. Stine with some of his creations. Clock-wise from top-left: The Abominable Snowman, the Ghost of the Beach, the Shrunken Head, a living scarecrow, Prince Khor-Ru, a monster's hand, Slappy the Dummy, evil Lawn Gnomes, Monster Blood, Amaz-O's rabbit, Curly the Skeleton and his dog, R. L. Stine, and Cuddles the Hamster. This illustration was also the cover of Stine's autobiography, It Came from Ohio!.
62 Goosebumps
25 Goosebumps Series 2000
50 Give Yourself Goosebumps
19 Goosebumps HorrorLand
Author R. L. Stine
Country Canada
United States
Language English
French
Genre Horror, thriller
Publisher Scholastic Publishing
Published 1992-1997
Media type Print (hardcover and paperback)
Audiobook

Goosebumps is a series of children's horror fiction novellas created and authored by R.L. Stine. Sixty-two books were published under the Goosebumps umbrella title from 1992 to 1997, the first being Welcome to Dead House, and the last being Monster Blood IV. Various spin-off series were written by Stine; Goosebumps Series 2000 (published from 1998 to 2000), Goosebumps Gold (which was never released), Give Yourself Goosebumps (1995 to 2000) and Goosebumps HorrorLand (2008 to a planned 2010 finish). By 2008, the series had sold more than 300 million copies worldwide.[1]

Contents

History

The signature cover illustrations for the Goosebumps, Goosebumps 2000 and Goosebumps Gold were done by artist Tim Jacobus. The covers for the later Give Yourself Goosebumps series (#25 onwards and all Special Editions) were done by Craig White. Goosebumps HorrorLand's cover illustrations are created by Steve Scott and Brandon Dorman.

The controversial Goosebumps series was often challenged in American libraries for their sometimes-violent content; the novels were fifteenth on the American Library Association's list of most frequently challenged books from 1990 to 1999.[2] They are scary stories for children aged ten and up, and include references for adults to enjoy.

The success of the series led to the creation of several adaptations. The series inspired three board games produced by Milton Bradley, "Terror in the Graveyard", "A Night in Terror Tower" and "Escape from HorrorLand", two PC games produced by DreamWorks Interactive entitled "Goosebumps: Escape from HorrorLand" and "Attack of the Mutant", and a TV series featured in Star World.

Stine named the original Night of the Living Dummy as his favorite Goosebumps book in his autobiography. The main villain of the sequels Slappy the Dummy has earned the reputation of Goosebumps' most popular antagonist. He is featured in the first book of Goosebumps HorrorLand, Revenge of the Living Dummy. The Monster Blood series is also very popular among fans, albeit not to the extent of the above. There were three sequels, and a new Goosebumps HorrorLand book Monster Blood for Breakfast!. The book One Day at HorrorLand proved to be so popular that R. L. Stine wrote a sequel titled Return to HorrorLand and later the entire Goosebumps HorrorLand series. Two games spun off from the book both named Escape from HorrorLand, one version a boardgame, the other a computer game. The Haunted Mask and its sequel The Haunted Mask II proved so popular that both were made into TV episodes. Stine planned a sequel for the unreleased Goosebumps Gold series called The Haunted Mask Lives!, and there was even a reproduction of the Haunted Mask sold in certain stores. Ultimately, The Scream of the Haunted Mask was released as the fourth part of the Goosebumps HorrorLand series. The book Say Cheese and Die! is also popular, and Stine wrote a sequel to it, Say Cheese and Die—Again! and a new book named Say Cheese and Die Screaming! being the eighth part of the Goosebumps HorrorLand series. Another popular book was The Curse of the Mummy's Tomb and its sequel, The Return of the Mummy. The Goosebumps HorrorLand sequel is Who's Your Mummy? which was the sixth part of the series. A new series of graphic novels called Goosebumps Graphix was released, featuring some of the most popular books, including The Werewolf of Fever Swamp, The Scarecrow Walks at Midnight and The Abominable Snowman of Pasadena.

Some of the most popular characters of the book are Cuddles the Hamster from Monster Blood II, Slappy the Dummy, the HorrorLand Horrors, the Abominable Snowman from The Abominable Snowman of Pasadena, Amaz-O the bunny magician from Bad Hare Day, Prince Khor-Ru, the Mud Monsters, the Egg Monsters from Mars (also being some of the most benevolent monsters), the "Beasts from the East" and Curly the Skeleton. Curly, while having no appearance in any of the books, became the spokesperson and mascot for Goosebumps and has been illustrated in various Goosebumps memorabilia, along with being featured on the cover of five of the Tales to Give You Goosebumps anthologies. Amaz-O from Bad Hare Day and Evan Ross from the Monster Blood books would be featured as guest stars in Return To HorrorLand. Goosebumps HorrorLand draws off popular Goosebumps mini-series and features the return of many classic characters and situations.

Stine has also named Brain Juice[3] and Invasion of the Body Squeezers[4] (both from the Goosebumps 2000 series) as two of his favorite books. Stine has also said "Little Shop of Hamsters", a HorrorLand book, is another favorite of his.

Overall, the series itself was so popular that it helped spawn a number of children's horror book series in the 1990s, including Fright Time, Spooksville, Spinetinglers, Shivers, Deadtime Stories, Bone Chillers, Graveyard School.

Conventions

The primary protagonist(s) of a Goosebumps story is often situated in a remote location or somehow isolated from typical societal conventions. This can be as simplistic as comfortable suburban areas, or as exaggerated as boarding schools, foreign villages, campsites, unfamiliar relatives' homes or oversea areas. Books frequently feature characters who either recently moved to a new neighborhood (Piano Lessons Can Be Murder, It Came From Beneath the Sink) or are on vacation with friends or relatives (the Monster Blood books, How to Kill a Monster, The Curse of the Mummy's Tomb). The books in the Goosebumps series usually feature semi-homogenous plot structures with normal kids being, frequently indirectly, involved in scary situations; chapters end in cliffhangers, and after the central conflict has either been or appears to have been resolved, there is often a twist ending. Following the conclusion of every Goosebumps book, Stine includes a 1-3 chapter draft preview of the next book in the series.

Twist endings

Many books feature a twist in the end, similar to the format of television shows like The Outer Limits and The Twilight Zone, such as Night of the Living Dummy, where the protagonists spent most of the narrative fighting a murderous dummy, only to be confronted with a second creature at the end. Another book in the series, The Girl Who Cried Monster, which was based on the fable The Boy Who Cried Wolf, also has a twist at the end; the main character's parents transform into monsters, then eat the villain. Welcome to Dead House ends with a sadistic real estate agent, thought to be dead, turning up on the last page, seen in the distance by the main character. A Shocker on Shock Street ends with the two main characters revealed to be robots, and in Attack of the Jack O'Lanterns it is revealed that two kids are aliens. One of the best-known twists is My Hairiest Adventure, in which the main characters turn out to be dogs (as the result of a failed science experiment). In some of the books there is a completely happy ending, as in Piano Lessons Can Be Murder and Why I'm Afraid Of Bees, in which the protagonist actually comes out better from his experiences (although in the latter he retains some traits from his transformation). In some books, the twist ending actually benefits the main character. An example of this is the twist ending of The Cuckoo Clock of Doom, in which the protagonist's bratty sister is never born due to his tampering with the space-time continuum.

List of books

Goosebumps Graphix

In September 2006, Scholastic began releasing Goosebumps comic books. Titled Goosebumps Graphix, each is based on three Goosebumps books. Each book is approximately 135 pages in length, and each of the stories are illustrated by a different artist, producing several unique art styles.

A comic strip adaptation of RL Stine Goosebumps stories appeared in The Funday Times pullout in The UK's Sunday Times in 1996-7, adapted by Kev F Sutherland and drawn by John Erasmus.

Television series

A popular television series was made based on the Goosebumps books and the spin-offs. Produced by Protocol Entertainment in Canada, and internationally distributed by Saban International outside of North America, it ran for four seasons on YTV and from 1995 to 1998 on Fox Kids in the United States. Goosebumps is now shown on Cartoon Network every October since 2007.

VHS and DVDs

Carly Beth in her mask from the episode "The Haunted Mask".

In the mid-late 1990s, several Goosebumps VHS tapes were released. DVDs of the series have also been released, many of which were contained episodes previously released on VHS. The DVDs run approximately 44 minutes each and include no special features or menus. Some include two separate episodes as opposed to a single two-part episode.

Some sequels were released without the first part having been released. For example, The Haunted Mask II was released on DVD, but the first part is available only on VHS.

  • Released on September 7, 2004: "Welcome to Dead House", "The Werewolf of Fever Swamp", "The Haunted Mask II" and "Night of the Living Dummy III"
  • Released on April 12, 2005: "Cry of the Cat", "Deep Trouble" and "How I Got My Shrunken Head"
  • Released on September 6, 2005: "Chillogy" (the only disc with three episodes on it, and with a story that's not based on any Goosebumps novel or short story), "The Ghost Next Door" and "Scary House".
  • Released on September 5, 2006: "A Shocker on Shock Street" (also includes "Click"), "My Best Friend is Invisible" (also includes "An Old Story" (based on a short story by R.L. Stine), and "Perfect School" (based on a short story by R. L. Stine).
  • Released on September 11, 2007: "Night of the Living Dummy" (contains "Night of the Living Dummy II" and "Bride of the Living Dummy"), "Say Cheese and Die" (also includes its sequel, "Say Cheese and Die - Again"), and "It Came From Beneath the Sink" (also includes the TV adaptation of the short story "Strained Peas")
  • Released on September 16, 2008: "A Night in Terror Tower" (also includes "Stay Out of the Basement"); "Monster Blood" (also includes "More Monster Blood", "How to Kill a Monster", and "The Girl Who Cried Monster"); and "One Day At HorrorLand" (also includes "Welcome to Camp Nightmare"). These DVDs, unlike previous releases, will include 4 episodes each as opposed to 2.
  • Released on March 31, 2009: "Return of the Mummy" (also includes Don't Wake Mummy and You Can't Scare Me!) [5]; "The Scarecrow Walks At Midnight" (also includes Don't Go To Sleep! and Calling All Creeps) [5]
  • Released on September 8, 2009: "Attack of The Jack O'Lanterns" (also includes Let's Get Invisible and Vampire Breath) "The Headless Ghost" (also includes Teacher's Pet and Awesome Ants) These movies contain three episodes rather than two or four episodes.

Movie

Columbia Pictures has acquired rights from Scholastic Corporation and 20th Century Fox (That still currently holds the rights to the TV series since 1995) to create a Goosebumps film. As of August 2008, writing duo Larry Karaszewski and Scott Alexander are in negotiations to write.[6] Neal Moritz and his Sony-based Original Film shingle is producing as is Scholastic Entertainment's Deborah Forte, who also produced the television series.[7][8] It has been reported that the movie will have a brand new story and will not be based on any of the books in the series. It is now reported that the movie is put on hold to make a Rotten School movie. R. L. Stine himself has helped create the movies "Mostly Ghostly" and "The Haunting Hour, Don't think About It."

Video games

Two Goosebumps video games have been created for the PC, both by DreamWorks Interactive[9]: A 1996 game entitled "Goosebumps: Escape from HorrorLand" (starring Jeff Goldblum as a vampire), a sequel to the book One Day at HorrorLand, and "Attack of the Mutant", which was based on the book Attack of the Mutant but was a re-interpretation rather than a sequel.

Scholastic released a new Goosebumps video game in October 2008 titled Goosebumps HorrorLand based on the series of the same name[7][10]

See also

Footnotes

External links


Simple English

Goosebumps is a collection of children's horror fiction books written by R. L. Stine.

The Goosebumps series sometimes contained too much violence, so some American libraries disagreed with having the books there; the novels were fifteenth on the American Library Association's list of most frequently challenged books from 1990 to 1999.[1]

After the series, many different spinoffs were made, also written by Stine, including Give Yourself Goosebumps and Goosebumps: Series 2000 which appeared in 1995 and 1998.

Two board games were created after the Goosebumps series, these were called "Terror in the Graveyard" and "Escape from Horrorland". a 1996 PC game was also produced, entitled "Goosebumps: Escape from Horrorland".

Front covers and most other Goosebumps-related art was done by artist Tim Jacobus, while the covers for the later Give Yourself Goosebumps series were digitally created by Craig White.

References








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