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Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur
Location of Gorakhpur
in Uttar Pradesh and India
Coordinates 26°33′0″N 83°9′0″E / 26.55°N 83.15°E / 26.55; 83.15
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District(s) Gorakhpur
Population
Density
3769456 (2001)
1,082 /km2 (2,802 /sq mi)
Sex ratio 1000/959 /
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area 3,483.8 km2 (1,345 sq mi)
Climate
Temperature
• Summer
• Winter

     26 °C (79 °F)
     40 °C (104 °F)
     18 °C (64 °F)
Website http://gorakhpur.nic.in

Gorakhpur (Hindi: गोरखपुर, Urdu: گورکھپور) is a city in the eastern part of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India, near the border with Nepal. It is the administrative headquarters of Gorakhpur District and Gorakhpur Division. Hindi, Urdu and Bhojpuri are the main languages.

Gorakhpur is famous as a religious centre: the city was home to Buddhist, Hindu, Jain and Sikh saints and is named after the medieval saint Gorakshanath. Gorakhnath Temple is still the seat of the Nath sect. It is also the Birth place of the great saint Paramhansa Yogananda. The city is also home to many historic Buddhist sites and the Gita Press, a publisher of Hindu religious texts.

In the 20th century, Gorakhpur was a focal point in the Indian independence movement. Today, the city is also a business centre, hosting the headquarters of the North Eastern Railways, previously known as Bengal Nagpur Railways, and an industrial area, GIDA (Gorakhpur Development Authority) 15 km from the old town.

Contents

District statistics

Origin of name

The city and district of Gorakhpur are named after a renowned ascetic saint, Gorakshanath, the chief disciple of the yogi Matsyendranath. Together, Matsyendranath and Gorakshanath founded the Nath Sampradaya line of saints. Gorakhnath Temple is said to stand on the spot where Gorakshanath practiced Hatha Yoga to develop self-control.

History

In ancient times the geographical area of Gorakhpur included the modern districts of Basti, Deoria, Kushinagar, Azamgarh. According to Vedic writings, the earliest known monarch ruling over this region with his capital at Ayodhya was Iksvaku, founder of the Solar dynasty. The solar dynasty produced a number of kings; Rama of the Ramayana is most well-known. The entire region was an important centre of Aryan culture and civilization, a part of the famous kingdoms of Koshala and Mall, two of the sixteen Mahajanapadas (states) in 6th century BCE India.

Gautama Buddha, founder of Buddhism, who was born at Kapilvastu near Gorakhpur, renounced his princely clothing at the confluence of the rivers Rapti and Rohini, near Gorakhpur, before setting out on his quest of truth in 600 BCE. Later he died in the courtyard of Mall King Sastipal Mall at his capital Kusinara which is now known as Kushinagar, there is a monument to this effect at Kushinagar even today. The city is also associated with the travels of Lord Buddha's contemporary Lord Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism. Lord Mahavira was born at a place not very far from Gorakhpur. Later he took his mahaparinirvan at his maternal uncle's palace at Pava which is about 15 kilometer from Kushinagar(Pavapuri and Kushinar were the twin capital of Mall dynasty which was part 16 Mahajanpads of ancient India).The Malls were a powerful clan of eastern India[2] at the time of Gautama Buddha and they are frequently mentioned in Buddhist and Jaina works. The Mall kshatriyas were republican people with their dominion consisting of nine territories (Kalpa Sutra; Nirayavali Sutra), one of each of the nine confederated clans. The republican states Kusinara and Pava were known as Gana and the Malla kshatriya used to rule from their Santhagara, the assembly hall of a particular kshatriya clan. The main religion of Mall rulers was Buddhism. During Buddhist period, the location around Gorakhpur was ruled by Gana_sangh_kshatriya like Malla, Shakya and Koliya clan.

Gorakhnath Mandir, in Gorakhpur

After the Iksvaku dynasty was conquered by Magadha's Nanda Dynasty in the 4th century BC, Gorakhpur became in turn part of the Maurya, Shunga, Kushana, Gupta and Harsha empires.

In the 10th century, the Tharu king Mausen of Madan Singh ruled over Gorakhpur city and the adjoining area. Gorakhpur was also birth place of King Vikas Sankrityayan [1].

In medieval times, the city was home to the medieval Hindu saint Gorakshanath, who gave the city its name. The date of Gorakshanath's birth has not yet been settled, but he probably lived in the twelfth century. The site of his samādhi (ecstasy) at Gorakhpur attracts a large number of pilgrims every year.

In the 12th century, the Gorakhpur region, as much of northern India, was conquered by the Muslim ruler Muhammad Ghori. The region remained under the influence of Muslim rulers, such as Qutb-ud-din Aybak and Bahadur Shah, for some centuries. In the early 16th century, the mystic poet and famous saint Kabir lived and worked in Maghar, a village 20 km from Gorakhpur, where his burial place still attracts many pilgrims.

On Akbar's reorganisation of the empire in the 16th century, Gorakhpur gave its name to one of the five Sarkars (administrative units) in the province of Awadh.

Gorakhpur came under direct British control in 1803. It was one of major centers of the 1857 uprising, and later played a major role in the Indian independence movement.

Gorakhpur district was the scene of the Chauri Chaura incident of February 4, 1922, which was a turning point in the history of India's freedom struggle. Enraged by police atrocities, a crowd of 2,000 people burnt down the Chauri-Chaura Police Station, killing nineteen policemen. In response to this violence, Mahatma Gandhi called off the Non-Cooperation Movement that he had launched in 1920 and fasted for 21 days, until he was satisfied that all Non-Cooperation Movement activities had ceased. It was in Gorakhpur Jail that Ram Prasad Bismil was hanged for taking active part in the fight against the British rule.

In 1934, an earthquake (8.1 on the Richter scale) caused much damage in the city.

Two other important events in the district took place in 1942, shortly after the famous Quit India Resolution was proclaimed on August 8. On August 9, Jawaharlal Nehru was arrested and tried in this district; he spent the next three years in prison. At Doharia kala (in Sahjanwa Tehsil) on August 23, a protest meeting was held against the British Government. Government forces opened fire unprovoked, killing nine and injuring hundreds. A Shaheed Smarak memorial stands on the spot today.

It is also the birth place of Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan. It is also known for being the head of north eastern railways(NER). Late Sachindra Nath Sanyal (Very few people to have undertaken Transportation for Life twice), who was the founder of Hindusthan Republican Army, which later on transformed into INA (Azad Hind Fauz) was founded by him. He spent his last life as a destitute, neglected by all, in a place in the city, when he was stricken by TB. The place today is known as Betiahata. A large Multistory residential building stands today on the spot, owned by Sahara. Also Karma Bhumi of Late Jitendra Nath Sanyal, the Revolutionarist, who spent seven years in jail, against the British, was associated in Lahore Conspiracy case, written a book on Sardar Bhagat Singh was imprisoned by the British. The most interesting chapter is Indian air base which is destroyed by a Pakistani spy with his six followers in 1974, that spy known as Abu Shuja Abu Waqar (real name: Saleem) after returned back from India, later wrote a book named "Ghazi" in which he claimed that more than 200 IAF personnal were killed. Fraque Gorakhpuri,hocky player Prem Maya and R P Singh,famours wrestler Ramasrya Pahelwan and comedian Asit Sen are some of the eminent personalities associated with Gorakhpur. In fact Premchand, the famous hindi writer composed some of his major works here.

Geography

It is located on the bank of river Rapti, a Ganges tributary originating in Nepal that sometimes causes severe floods. The Rapti is interconnected through many other small rivers following meandering courses across the Gangetic Plain. There is also a big lake called "Ramgarh Tal", which has its own story of formation. It has many other small villages located around the city. In the outer skirts of the city farming is very much prevalent. It has a good rainfall every year. It is also the way to the famous tourist spot and pilgrimage site Kushinagar, where the Buddha nirvana took place. Many tourists come here to visit this place.

Economy

The economy of Gorakhpur is based on the service-industry. There is no production industry. People from all over Purvanchal (Eastern U.P) migrate to the city for better education, medical and other facilities which are better compared to villages.
With a good geographical location and sub-urban to urban background, the city's economy is definitely on a rise but only in service - sector. The city is famous for handwoven fabric made on a Hathkargha, a hand-operated loom, and Terracota products but there is on care-taker of that for greater commercial perspective. There are branches of all nationalized banks as well as of private banks like ICICI, HDFC, AXIS and IDBI Bank in the city.

High water mark of the city, "Golghar", in almost the geographical center of the city includes several major shops, hotels, banks, and restaurants, as well as the Baldev Plaza and City shopping malls. Baldev Plaza is the oldest and largest shopping mall in the region. Other Malls, such as Crossroads mall, can also be found in adjoining Baxipur area. City Mall holds a 3 screen SRS Multiplex which is an attraction for movie lovers. Buxipur area accounts for one of the biggest book markets of North Eastern Uttar Pradesh.

Society and culture

Language Spoken

Hindi, Urdu and Bhojpuri (Gorakhpuri) are the main languages.(````)

People

The original inhabitants of Gorakhpur are known for their amicable behaviour and civility. The major class composition is Kayasth,Brahmins,Yadav and Rajputs. There are multicultured family like Cyrill's who own & operate multiple catholic schools & Don Rakesh Pahelvan.It has a huge army Junction at the nort of the city managing Gorkha's from Nepal & fellow neighbours. Gorakhpur has a big lake known as 'Ramgarh Lake' which is partly owned by "Mallahs" Local people & few family's living at the bank of the lake.

Literature

The mystic poet and famous saint Kabir (1440–1518) lived and worked in Maghar, a village 20 km from Gorakhpur. Here, most of his poems urging his countrymen to live in peace and religious harmony, were composed. Kabir's burial place in Maghar attracts a large number of pilgrims.

Munshi Premchand (1880–1936), one of India's great Hindi novelists, lived in Gorakhpur. The house where he lived and wrote still stands in a park named Munshi Premchand Park.

Firaq Gorakhpuri (1896–1982) (Raghupati Sahay), the famous Urdu poet, grew up in Gorakhpur, where his childhood home still stands. He later moved to Allahabad where he was a professor of English at Allahabad University.

Famous Poet and critic, Majnoon Gorakhpuri, is also from Gorakhpur

Renowned Urdu poet Mohammad Umar Khan 'Umar' aka Umar Gorakhpuri, a disciple of legendary poet Dagh Dehelvi, also belonged to Gorakhpur. A collection of his selected poetry entitled "Bada-i-Kuhna" (The Old Wine) has recently been published.

Gorakhpur is also the home to the Gita Press, publishers of many Hindu holy texts, including the Bhagavad Gita. The Press was the first to publish the text as a book; prior to this the Gita existed solely in the oral tradition of the Brahmin.Gita press holds a place in the guiness book of world reecords as the largest publisher of religious books in the world in terms of volume. The publishing company is located in a building with marble walls inscribed with the 18 chapters of the Gita, and hung with paintings depicting the lives of Rama and Krishna.

Landmarks

Religious

  • Gorakhnath Temple, a monastery dedicated to Saint Gorakshanath.
  • Lord Buddha Sangrahalaya, a Buddhist museum.
  • Imam Bara, Miyan Bazar
  • Shahi Jama Masjid, Urdu Bazar
  • Maghar In Sant Kabir Nagar - The place where saint Kabir died.
  • Kushinagar - The place where Lord Buddha died.
  • Pavapuri - The place where Mahavira took his Nirvana.
  • Gorakhpur, Bhudiya Maai Mandir
  • Gorakhpur Lehra Devi Mandir, Farenda now known as Ananda Nagar at Gorakhpur Sonauli Road
  • Gorakhpur Tarkulha Devi Mandir, Gorakpur
  • Gita Vatika Mandir
  • Geeta Press
  • Shani Dev Mandir, Humayunpur
  • Vishnu Mandir, Shahpur
  • Shiv Mandir, Rustampur.
  • Shiv Mandir Jafra Bazaar, Bare Kazipur
  • Sri Ram Janaki Mandir temple, Manashpuram, Azad Chauk
  • Mansarovar Shiv Mandir, Near Ramleela Maidan
  • Kali Mandir Temple, Daudpur, Gorakhpur
  • St. Joseph's Church, Civil Lines
  • Rahul Sankrityayan museum.
  • Munshi Premchand Park
  • Suraj Kund - Sun pond and temple.
  • Railway Museum
  • Gita Press
  • Ramgarh Lake
  • Tara Mandal
  • Bahadur Shah Zafar Colony-Ellahibagh

Industry

Soil is very fertile in this part of country so it is impossible to get big part of land for industry which suits agriculture most. Government has taken over land from farmers to build GIDA as industrial area which still have some dispute.

Due to corruption, less and erratic electric supply industrial growth is in state of negligence. All the industrialist from Gorakhpur have shifted their base to western U.P. and invested in other part of country. If a person wants to open a industrial firm it will take at least 2-3 Years to complete all the government formalities.Government should take measures to revive and promote the shutdowned industries like fertilizer plant at rajendra nagar.Else make eastern uttar pradesh a separate state with capital as Gorakhpur.

There are few industries in gida namely:

  • Parle Agro
  • Azam Rubber Products (ARP) Ltd, GIDA, Gorakhpur
  • India Glycols Limited (IGL), GIDA, Gorakhpur
  • Hi-Tech Medical Products, GIDA, Gorakhpur
  • Vinod Chemicals
  • A.B.R. Petro Products Ltd., GIDA, Gorakhpur.
  • Jai Laxmi Solvents Pvt. Ltd.Gorakhpur
  • National Ply wood
  • The Mahabir Jute Mills Ltd.
  • Ankur Udyog Ltd., Nakha No. 2
  • Gallant Ispat Ltd. GIDA
  • Jalanjee Polytex Ltd. Near Industrial Estate
  • K K Steel
  • Shivam Industries

Places of interest

  • Gorakhnath Mandir (Temple)
  • Shahid Smarak (Martyr Memorial) of Chauri Chaura reminding the memories of patriotism of 1922.
  • Taramandal Planetarium now working (founded by then chief minister Late Sri Vir Bahadur Singh)
  • Tarkullaha DEVI (Indian great warrior of freedom Shaeed Bandhu Singh was sentenced to death by English government here)
  • Munshi Premchand Park, Betia Hata
  • Hanuman Mandir and Sai Temple, Betia Hata
  • Laldiggi Park
  • Kushinagar
  • Ambedkar Park
  • Neer Nikunj- (starting in Feb.2010)Biggest Water Park in the World
  • Vinod Van - Mini Zoo
  • Ram Garh Tal - A Lake
  • Geeta Press
  • Nehru Park
  • The Indian Air Force
  • The GRD (Gorkha Recruitment Depot)
  • Geeta Vatika
  • Water Park, Near Tara Mandal (Biggest water park in UP, under construction)
  • Rail museum
  • Indira Bal Vihar, Golghar
  • Buddha Sangrahalai (Buddha Museum)

Transport

The three-wheeled, pedal powered cycle rickshaw is the most common mode of transportation in the city. Bus services are provided by the Gorakhpur Mahanagar Bus Seva. In addition thereare auto rickshaws.

City has a sometimes extreme weather conditions usually in rains but usually its good.

International tourists who are on the Buddhist Pilgrimage Circuit visit Gorakhpur on their way to Kushinagar where Buddha attained Mahaparinirvana (final death). It is located 52 km from Gorakhpur on National Highway 28.

Gorakhpur railway station is the headquarters of India's North East Railway. It connects to almost every major city in India. Direct trains connect to Pune, Chennai, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Ujjain, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Trivandrum, Mumbai, Bangalore, Delhi, Kolkata, Lucknow, Kanpur, Varanasi, Amritsar, Jammu, Guwahati and other distant parts of the nation. All major cities of India are directly connected by trains through Gorakhpur. The station offers Class A railway station facilities.

Major national highways intersect at Gorakhpur, including NH 28 and 29. Some important distances are: Kushinagar 50km, Lucknow 276 km, Varanasi 231 km, Allahabad 339 km, Agra 624km, Delhi 783 km, Gwalior 730km, Bhopal 922 km and Mumbai 1690 km. Frequent bus services are available for most of these cities. Considerable improvement in this aspect is expected after the completion of the Golden Quadrilateral road project that enhances Gorakhpur's road connectivity.

Air transport

Gorakhpur is served by an Airport located 6 km east from the city centre. It caters primarily to Indian Air Force traffic. A small number of domestic airlines including Jetlite, Kingfisher and Spicejet operate civilian aviation services to Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Allahabad and elsewhere. Gorakhpur is also host to many tourists who use it as a hub to travel to Lord Buddha's pilgrimage sites.

Shopping Malls

  • The City Mall, Park Road - Golghar
  • Cross Roads-The Mall, Bank road.

Radio stations & communication networks

Radio stations in Gorakhpur:

  • Radio Mantra(91.9 MHz)
  • All India Radio (100.4 MHz)

Communication networks

One can find services of most Tele-communication Network provider in Gorakhpur. Gorakhpur lies at the eastern boundary of "Uttar Pradesh east telecom Circle". However, calls in "U.P. West and Uttarakhand telecom circle" are considered local and thus local charges are applicable.

  • Wireless communication networks (GSM):
* Idea Cellular (formerly Escotel)
* Cellone
* Airtel
* Aircel
* Reliance GSM
* Vodafone(formerly Hutch)
* TataDOCOMO
* UniNOR
  • Wireless communication networks (CDMA):
         * Reliance India Mobile
         * Virgin Mobile
         * Tata Indicom
         * BSNL WLL
  • Broadband service providers:
         * BSNL Broadband
         * Sify iWay

Main Schools, Colleges and Universities

DDU University, BRD Medical College and MMM Engineering College are there from decades. There are also some newly opened private colleges like Institute of Technology and Management, GIDA and a Purvanchal Dental College, GIDA.The city also has some good Schools famous in nearby regions. Among them major are Springer Public School, G.N.National Public School, Saraswati Shishu Mandir Sr. Secondary School, St. Joseph's School, Carmel School, N.E.R. Sr. Secondary School, Little Flower School, Central Academy, St. Jude's School and St. Paul's School.

  • M.S.I Inter College Buxipur (Azhar Khan)
  • Jyoti Higher Secondary School, Shastri Nagar.
  • Shishu Shiksha Sadan, Purdilpur.
  • Shishu Gyan Mandir, Dilejakpur.
  • Army School , Kunraghat (under renovation)
  • Air Force School, kunraghat.
  • Bhola Ram Maskara Inter College, Sahjanwa
  • Central Acadmey, Taramandal Road.
  • Springer Public School
  • Springer Loretto Girls' School
  • Springer Balsthali School
  • Metropolitan school , Sariya ,Medical college Road
  • Sarswati Shishu Mandir, Pakkibagh(Est. 1952)
  • Govt. Jublee Inter College
  • Pillars Public School www.thepillars.in
  • Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gorakhpur University
  • Madan Mohan Malaviya Engineering College
  • Institute of Technology & Management, GIDA
  • B.R.D. Medical College
  • Purvanchal Dental College
  • St. Andrew's College (Est. 1898)
  • D.A.V. Degree College
  • M.G. Degree College
  • Carmel Girls Inter College
  • St. Joseph's School, Civil Lines
  • St. Paul's School
  • Little Flower School, Dharampur
  • Central Academy
  • Little Flower School Chargawan
  • Amar Singh Public School, Alinagar , Gorakhpur
  • GN National Public School, Gorakhnath
  • Maharana Pratap Inter College, Civil Lines, Gorakhpur
  • Vikas Bharti
  • Mahatma Gandhi Inter College
  • Government Jubilee Inter College
  • Sarswati Shishu Mandir S.S. School, Subhashchandra Bose Nagar
  • Mian Sahab Islamia Inter college, Buxipur
  • Islamia P.G college, Buxipur
  • H.P.Children's Academy
  • Naval's Academy
  • M.P. Inter College
  • Kendriya Vidyalya
  • N.E.Railway Sr. Secondary School
  • N.E.Railway Boys Inter College
  • N.E.Railway Girls Inter College
  • Marwar Inter College
  • FCI Inter College
  • A.D. Girls Inter College
  • Virendra Nath Ganguly Memorial School
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya
  • St. Xavier's Public School
  • St. Joseph's School
  • DOEACC/CEDTI Gorakhpur, MMMEC Campus.
  • Buddha Institute of Technology
  • Ashish Modern School, Betihata.
  • AniClick Animation Institute www.AniClick.in
  • Bhartiya Sanskar Shiksha Mandir, Turkamanpur http://www.bssmschool.com

References

  • Central model school were Dr P K Upadhyay studied from 1971–1975

Rashtriya Inter College,Bauliya Railway Colony.

  • Doeacc society center at m.m.m engineering collage campus

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Gorakhpur [1] is a city of 675,000 people in Uttar Pradesh, India. It is a way station on a popular overland route from India to Nepal. It is the city of great shaayar "फिराक गोरखपुरी ".

Gorakhpur (Hindi: गोरखपुर, Urdu: گۋڙکھ پور) ') is a city in the eastern part of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India, near the border with Nepal. It is the administrative headquarters of Gorakhpur District and Gorakhpur Division.

Gorakhpur is famous as a religious centre: the city was home to Buddhist, Hindu, Jain and Sikh saints and is named after the medieval saint Gorakshanath. Gorakhnath Temple is still the seat of the Nath sect. The city is also home to many historic Buddhist sites and the Gita Press, a publisher of Hindu religious texts.

In the 20th century, Gorakhpur was a focal point in the Indian independence movement. Today, the city is also a business centre, hosting the headquarters of the North Eastern Railways www.nerailway.gov.in and an industrial area, GIDA [Gorakhpur Development Authority] 15km from the old town.

Understand

Climate

It experience pleasant environment throughout the year. In summer the average temperature can go as high as 40 'C and in during the winters the average temperature can go as down as 4 'C. The best time to visit Gorakhpur is during the months of October to March.

Get in

By Air

Daily Jet airways flight at 2:30 PM from New Delhi to Gorakhpur


Railways

Gorakhpur railway station connects to all major cities of India. It was the headquarter of North Eastern Railway. Direct trains connect it to Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Lucknow, Kanpur, Varanasi and other cities.

Gorakhpur falls on NH 28 and 29. The roadways network connects Gorakhpur to the cities of Uttar Pradesh and to other cities of India. Some important distances are: Lucknow 276 km, Varanasi 231 km, Allahabad 339 km, Agra 624 km, Delhi 783 km and Mumbai 1690 km.

Situated on the basin of rivers Rapti and Rohini the geographical shape of the Gorakhpur City is of bowl. The west of the city is guarded by cool Rapti river while the east is associated with excel Sal Forest, giving the divine sense of peace with cool breeze every moment. The south is showered with the power of excellence, in shape of greenish Ramgarh Tal and north is the plinth of city's advancement.

Gorakhpur city has a university, a medical college, an engineering college and many post graduate and degree colleges. It is also the head quarters of North Eastern Railways. You can travel to any corner of India from here. No mean an achievement considering the size of the city. It also has an airport for domestic travel and connects with every major city in India. The city boasts of an army cantonment and an air base. All this, gave a cosmopolitan touch to the city. The world famous publication house of Gita Press gives an intellectual and religious touch to the city.

Direct Trains from all major Stations in India. Roadways (UP Government Bus) connectivity to major cities within the State, Nepal and Delhi. Flight to-from Lucknow, Varanasi and Delhi. Not reliable though as operators frequently stop / start operating on this route due commercial reasons. The airport is dedicated military airbase.

Get around

Cycle Rickshaw, a three wheeled human powered cycle, is the major mode of transport in the city. The charges are nominal and can be bargained. Usually a ride of 4-5 km would cost around 15 Rupees. City bus are available for some important routes of city.

Auto Rickshaws are easily available for traveling to some parts in the city.

Taxicabs can also be hired for a fixed time duration as desired by the user.

  • Gorakhnath Temple
  • Gita Press
  • chauri chaura shaheed smarak
  • Vishnu Mandir
  • Aroyga Mandir
  • Ambedkar Park
  • Taramandal
  • Lord Buddha Museum near Ram Garh Tal - nice and quiet place to visit. Opened till 4:30PM.
  • Ram Garh Tal (Lake).
  • Budiya Mai Temple, 15 km from rly station

Places near by:

  • Maghar - This is the place were sant Kabir died.
  • Kushinagar - This is the place were lord buddha died.
  • Kapilvastu - Capital of lord buddha
  • Lumbini(Nepal) - Birth Place of lord Buddha. Go by Sonauli route.
  • Bhairahwa,one of the entry points to Nepal from India, is the last border town in Nepal which is about 4 KM from Sonauli,the Indian border town. There are frequent buses( 3 hrs. ) to Sounauli from Gorakhpur or taxis can be hired( 2 - 2 1/2 hrs. ).There are shared taxis too.
  • See all the Hindi movies in the town, best theaters are Raj, Jubilee, Vijay Picture Palace, here air conditioning is good.
  • A new shopping Mall(SRS,Sabhi Rahe Saath) has come up on the Park Road (near Hotel Ganesh). This mall is with 3 movie screens.
  • Hire a cycle-rickshaw and travel around slow all around the town and in some places it is better to travel in foot.

Rail museum is also a very good picnic place.

  • You can go Taramandal for Boat riding.

Buy

All things are available as big cities, but best attraction of this city is terracota material (decorative things made of muddy soil).

Best place to buy your needs is Golghar which situated in the centre of the city. Also you can buy religious books from Gita Press.

Eat

Gorakhpur has a fairly good restaurants and eating joints. Apart from the star catagory hotels there are many restaurants in the city

  • Hotel Ganesh, Park Road near Golghar. Good and Clean Indian food.Cheapest hotels can be seen just outside the train station itself. South Indian dishes like Dosa, Masal Dosa, Idly Sambar etc. are available here at reasonable rate.
  • Choudhry Hotel, Vijay Chowk near Golghar/City Mall on Park Road. Good and clean Indian food. Agreeable service with reasonable rates. Can get everything from typical Punjabi dishes to South Indian with variety of sweets. Comparable to Haldriram's of NCR.

Drink

Bar Facilities available in some of hotels.

Mughal Bar (Hotel Bobina) Hotel Ganges

  • Hotel Clarks Inn, Park Road. Very expensive.
  • Hotel Shivoy, Town Hall. Medium
  • Hotel Park Regency, Park Road. Medium
  • Hotel President, Gol Ghar.
  • Hotel Bobina, Tarang Crossing. Oldest hotel of town, also has a swimming pool. Personal best.
  • hotel awadh. in centre of the city ,a true home away from home  edit
  • Hotel Kabeer, Near Venus Compound, Modest place to sleep and food quality is good. Place also has a Chinese restaurant. Contact Number - 09415080610
  • Hotel Avantika, MOHADDIPUR. THE best two STAR HOTEL ON THE WAY TO BUDDHIST PILGRIMAGE SITE "KUSI NAGAR"  edit

Get in

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

GORAKHPUR, a city, district and division of the United Provinces of British India. The city is situated on the left bank of the river Rapti. Pop. (1901) 64,148. It is believed to have been founded about 1400 A.D. It is the civil headquarters of the district and was formerly a military cantonment. It consists of a number of adjacent village sites, sometimes separated by cultivated land, and most of the inhabitants are agriculturists.

The District Of Gorakhpur has an area of 4535 sq. m. It lies immediately south of the lower Himalayan slopes, but itself forms a portion of the great alluvial plain. Only a few sandhills break the monotony of its level surface, which is, however, intersected by numerous rivers studded with lakes and marshes. In the north and centre dense forests abound, and the whole country has a verdant appearance. The principal rivers are the Rapti, the Gogra, the Gandak and Little Gandak, the Kuana, the Rohin, the Ami and the Gunghi. Tigers are found in the north, and many other wild animals abound throughout the district. The lakes are well stocked with fish. The district is not subject to very intense heat, from which it is secured by its vicinity to the hills and the moisture of its soil. Dust-storms are rare, and cool breezes from the north, rushing down the gorges of the Himalayas, succeed each short interval of warm weather. The climate is, however, relaxing. The southern and eastern portions are as healthy as most parts of the province, but the tarai and foresttracts are still subject to malaria.

Gautama Buddha, the founder of the religion bearing his name, was born, and died near the boundaries of the district. From the beginning of the 6th century the country was the scene of a continuous struggle between the Bhars and their Aryan antagonists, the Rathors. About goo the Domhatars or military Brahmans appeared, and expelled the Rathors from the town of Gorakhpur, but they also were soon driven back by other invaders. During the 15th and 16th centuries, after the district had been desolated by incessant war, the descendants of the various conquerors held parts of the territory, and each seems to have lived quite isolated, as no bridges or roads attest any intercourse with each other. Towards the end of the 16th century Mussulmans occupied Gorakhpur town, but they interfered very little with the district, and allowed it to be controlled by the native rajas. In the middle of the r8th century a formidable foe, the Banjaras from the west, so weakened the power of the rajas that they could not resist the fiscal exactions of the Oudh officials, who plundered the country to a great extent. The district formed part of the territory ceded by Oudh to the British under the treaty of 1801. During the Mutiny it was lost for a short time, but under the friendly Gurkhas the rebels were driven out. The population in 1901 was 2,957,074, showing a decrease of 3% in the decade. The district is traversed by the main line and several branches of the Bengal & North-Western railway, and the Gandak, the Gogra and the Rapti are navigable.

The Division has an area of 9534 sq. m. The population in 1901 was 6,333,012, giving an average density of 664 persons per sq. m., being more than one to every acre, and the highest for any large tract in India.


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