Goshen College: Wikis


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Goshen College

The Seal of Goshen College
Motto Culture For Service
Established 1894
Type Private
Liberal Arts
Religious affiliation Mennonite Church USA
Endowment $72.1 million[1]
President Dr. James Brenneman
Faculty 70
Students 971
Undergraduates 955
Postgraduates 16
Location United States Goshen, Indiana, USA
41°33′49″N 85°49′38″W / 41.5637°N 85.8272°W / 41.5637; -85.8272Coordinates: 41°33′49″N 85°49′38″W / 41.5637°N 85.8272°W / 41.5637; -85.8272
Campus Large town: 135 acres (0.5 km²) 1,150 acre Merry Lea
Athletics 14 Division II NAIA teams
Colors Purple and White            
Nickname Maple Leafs
Mascot Maple Leaf
Website www.goshen.edu
Goshen College Logo

Goshen College, (also known as Goshen or GC) is a private Mennonite liberal arts college in Goshen, Indiana, USA with an enrollment of around 1,000 students. The college is accredited by North Central Association of Colleges and Schools and is a member of the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities. Goshen College was founded in 1894 as the Elkhart Institute, and is affiliated with Mennonite Church USA. Goshen College maintains a distinctive Christian Mennonite environment, but admits students regardless of race or religion. U.S. News and World Reports ranks Goshen as a third-tier liberal arts college.[2]

Goshen's Study-Service Term (SST) takes students overseas for three months. Their time is split between studying the nation's language, history and culture, usually in the capital, and performing volunteer service, usually in smaller cities or rural areas of the country. The program was pioneering when it was founded in 1968 before study-abroad programs became widespread. The college is launching a domestic SST in 2010 in which students will be immersed in the Latino culture and community in northern Indiana.

Goshen College is home to the Mennonite Quarterly Review and the Mennonite Historical Library, a 68,000 volume library compiling the most comprehensive collection of Anabaptist material in the United States.

Goshen tends to maintain a fairly steady 55/45 ratio of women to men. Goshen's student percentage of Mennonite students to other affiliations also is approximately 55/45.[3]



The history of Goshen College is intertwined with that of the Mennonite experience in America. Because both histories have been so important to each other, it is necessary to explain Goshen's stories as related to larger American and Mennonite society. Goshen College is the first Mennonite school of higher education in North America to confer a four year degree.[4] "Old" Mennonites had traditionally been suspicious of higher education, however by the late 19th century, opinion started to change. Decades earlier US mainline church denominations had started on a spree of founding colleges across America with hopes of developing well trained clergy for their congregations. As more "Old" Mennonites sent their children to other Christian colleges, they realized that without a college of their own, many of their youth would leave the church. Thus, prompted in part as a reaction to mainline Christianity, the "Old" Mennonites started the Elkhart Institute in Elkhart, Indiana in August 1894 to prepare Mennonite youth for college. Because of this vision, even though Goshen today is open to everyone, its historical relationship with the Mennonite Church has had a lasting impact which is still very visible: home to the Mennonite Quarterly Review, Mennonite Historical Library, Archives of Mennonite Church USA, including Mennonite Central Committee archives, offices of "The Mennonite" and numerous alumni connections with the broader Mennonite Church.

Goshen College in the early 1900s

H.A. Mumaw, a practicing physician, first led the small operation. In 1894, a group of 15 "Old" Mennonite ministers and laymen started a corporation which they named the Elkhart Institute association.[5] The first diploma was awarded in 1898. Lured by businessmen to relocate several miles away to Goshen, Indiana, the Institute moved in September 1903 and added a junior college course list, renaming itself Goshen College. By 1906, the Mennonite Board of Education took control of the college, dissolving the Elkhart Institute Association. A complete college course was established in 1908 and the first Bachelor of Arts degrees were conferred in 1910. The Academy program of Goshen College was discontinued in 1935. However, after 1910 most of Goshen's students were enrolled in college courses. From 1914 to 1919, partly out of response to its constituents, Goshen College attempted a "School of Agriculture," which sought to prepare Mennonite young people to return to their rural communities. The hope was that such a program would spark a technological revolution among some of the farmers. Unfortunately the program was never a success, and after World War I the program was cut, five years after it began.

The school was closed during the 1923-1924 school year by the Mennonite Board of Education due to many problems, but reopened the following year. One of many factors in closing the college was denominational tension due to modernist and fundamentalist Christian theologies of the 1920s, and their impact on Mennonite theology at the school.[6] In response to this crisis, many of Goshen's faculty and dozens of students, angry with the Mennonite Board of education's decision, relocated to Bluffton College. As part of the larger ongoing reaction against liberalism through the early twentieth century, Hesston College and Eastern Mennonite School were formed among "old" Mennonites, although staunch traditionalists realized that no higher education was particularly safe. When the institution was reopened, it was marked by the new leadership of president S.C.Yoder and dean Harold S. Bender, a man whose influence upon the "Old" Mennonites was significant for much of the 20th Century. Bender carefully piloted the stormy waters of theology by stating that Mennonitism was not liberalism. Bender later went on to say that fundamentalism also contributed to problems with theology, and created the The Anabaptist Vision, a "third way" which sought to spell out the direction for the future Mennonite Church. More than arguing doctrine, Harold Bender and a younger group of intellectuals at Goshen College sought to shape the Mennonite faith that was more ideological than institutional. The goal was to articulate a faith that could stand the test of academic scrutiny in broader society while also carefully upholding traditional beliefs of the church. Out of this ideology, Bender started the Mennonite Quarterly Review. Throughout this time, Goshen remained the epicenter of "Old" Mennonite theology and higher education, and became known as the "Goshen Historical Renaissance".[7]

Goshen College today

During the 1940s, Goshen was one of the Mennonite Central Committee's key places to form a "relief training school" that helped to train volunteers for Civilian Public Service, an alternative to conscription. Many Mennonites chose the civilian service alternative because of their beliefs regarding Biblical pacifism and nonresistance. In 1980, Goshen College was granted care of Merry Lea Environmental Learning Center, a 1,150-acre (4.7 km2) nature preserve which now offers Goshen's Master's degree in Environmental Science. In 1993, Harold and Wilma Good, longtime friends of the college, left their estate to Goshen. The estate was estimated at roughly $28 million, the majority in stock of the J.M. Smucker Company. Wilma was a daughter of the company's founder. The college sold the stock and added the funds to its endowment, more than doubling it at the time.[8] The campus experienced a building boom in the later half of the 1990s through the present, with an estimated 30 million dollars worth of new or renovated structures on campus. This included the addition of the Roman Gingerich Recreation-Fitness Center, the Music Center, the Connector, and the renovation of all dormitories. The college is currently working on a new campus master plan and strategic plan which will define the college's priorities for the years ahead. Today, more than 20,000 Goshen College alumni have been counted, residing in more than 85 countries. The Goshen campus has flourished from less than 50 acres (200,000 m2) to 135 acres (0.55 km2) with 18 major buildings.[9]


Goshen College offers 36 majors and 37 minors. Some of the most popular programs are nursing, biology, business, communication, education, American Sign Language and environmental science. Goshen College recently approved a Master of Arts in Environmental Education and a master's degree in nursing with two tracks: family nurse practitioner and clinical nurse leader.[10]

Goshen College also offers a variety of pre-professional programs:

  • Pre-Architecture
  • Pre-Dentistry
  • Pre-Engineering
  • Pre-Law
  • Pre-Medicine
  • Pre-Pharmacy
  • Pre-Physical Therapy
  • Pre-Seminary
  • Pre-Veterinary

The academic year is divided into two semester terms, with an additional May term.


Study-Service Term

Wartburg Castle from Germany SST 2007

Started in 1968, Goshen College's Study Service Term (SST) is a unique program. Goshen was one of the pioneers of colleges in offering programs abroad, due in part to its Mennonite heritage of missions and foreign service, particularly Mennonite Central Committee. International education is a requirement for all students at Goshen College. Approximately 70-80 percent of students complete the requirement by participating in SST. Students are required to spend one semester abroad in a country. They study the language and culture for six weeks at a foreign university, then do service for the remaining six weeks. Service may include working at a hospital, nursing home, kindergarten, or missionary service. Goshen College students currently may visit Cambodia, Nicaragua, China, Tanzania, Germany, Jamaica (ASL majors), Peru, Senegal, and Egypt. Students from adult classes are offered an SST program to Mexico. Previous SST spots include Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Nicaragua, Honduras, Belize, Cuba, Haiti, Poland, South Korea, Indonesia, Mali, and Ivory Coast. Over 7,000 students and 230 faculty members have journeyed to 20 different countries.[11]

Student life


Athletics logo

Goshen maintains a variety of varsity sports. Goshen is a member of the NAIA and Indiana's Mid-Central College Conference (MCC), one of the NAIA's most competitive basketball leagues. Because Goshen is part of the NAIA, it is eligible to award athletic scholarships. Men's sports include Baseball, Basketball, Cross Country, Golf, Soccer, Tennis, and Track & Field. Women's sports are Basketball, Cross Country, Soccer, Softball, Tennis, Track & Field, and Volleyball.

Intramurals are also an integral part of Goshen's campus. Throughout the year, students participate in Baseball, Soccer, Ping-Pong, Volleyball, Frisbee Football, Badminton, Softball, and Racquetball. Rugball is a popular sport among Goshen students. Introduced to Goshen College by a student in 2001,[citation needed] the game is a combination of rugby, football, and soccer, and has gained popularity on several other campuses.[12]

Clubs and organizations

Goshen College intramural volleyball

Goshen College has no official fraternities or sororities. This is due in part to the college's philosophy of inclusiveness and contributing to a sense of community. Regardless, many different types of clubs and organizations exist to help facilitate campus life. Clubs that play a significant part in campus life include: Black Student Union (BSU), Latino Student Union (LSU), International Student Club (ISC), Association of Midwestern Ice and Street Hockey (AMISH), Advocates, Fellowship of Rock Climbers (FORC), American Sign Language Club, Pre-Med Club, Goshen Student Women's Association (GSWA), Knitting Club, PAX and Eco-PAX.

Campus Activities Council, or CAC, is the primary extracurricular organization on campus that hosts a variety of weekend activities and events. CAC is responsible for Goshen's Saturday Night Live, as well as "Kick Off", a talent show held at the beginning of each semester. CAC also hosts "Hour After" shows, where talented students on campus perform music, comedy, or dancing for the audience. Goshen has a vibrant extracurricular program, with many students and faculty being involved on campus.


Goshen College has its own school newspaper, The Record, along with its own weekly news show, GC Journal, and its own radio station, WGCS, branded as 91.1 The Globe. GCTV also has been involved in several large projects, including the broadcast of the school's annual Festival of Carols on WNIT. In 2006, four students, part of Soluz Films,[13] received a grant from the school's Peace and Justice Journalism program to make a documentary entitled Fuerza, on immigration in the Goshen area.


Goshen College athletic teams are known as the "Maple Leafs," picked from the city of Goshen being referred to as "The Maple City."

Performing arts

The Goshen College Music Center

Goshen College students have a variety of shows to attend in the Music Center's Sauder Concert Hall or Reith Recital Hall or the Umble Center, Goshen's theater. With the addition of the Music Center to campus, the college has offered a Performing Arts Series of nationally renowned artists from across the country. Previous guests include Nickel Creek, Colm Wilkinson, Chanticleer, Canadian Brass, Tokyo String Quartet, and Lincoln Center Jazz Orchestra with Wynton Marsalis.

Spiritual life

Because Goshen is a Christian college, spirituality plays an important part of campus life. Although Goshen maintains that people of different faiths are welcome to the college, the school emphasizes Judeo-Christian values in regard to operation, justice, and teaching. All faculty members at the school are Christian, with at least eighty percent adhering to Mennonite convictions. The College holds convocations every Monday, and chapels every Friday, with occasional special events, such as Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day. Students are required to attend fourteen of these services per semester.

Goshen College operates a campus ministries team, headed by the campus pastor. The team includes an assistant campus minister and student leaders who help guide and plan spiritual life on campus for the school year. Activities include managing the network of Goshen's small groups, spiritual friendship, leading campus worship, and planning chapels. Campus worship night is a voluntary praise and reflection time held every Wednesday night. Students also hold a Taizé prayer service every other Tuesday night. Because service is an important aspect of Christian faith, volunteerism ties in with spiritual life on campus.


Every September, Goshen College participates in an activity called Celebrate Service Day (CSD). Students team with professors and administrative faculty and go out into the larger Goshen community for a day of service. First year students go with their colloquium advisers, while other students go with their dormitory floor or small group. Aside from CSD, many students donate their time to work at local kindergartens, elementary schools, hospitals, and nursing homes.

Campus facilities

Goshen College has four dormitories, apartment living, and several small group houses. Outside the original quadrangle, Goshen's current campus has not been the result of a single master plan; rather the campus has evolved eclectically from building to building as the institution grew.[14][15] Four-year residency was typical until the mid-1970s, when a growing student enrollment prompted school officials to forgo building new dormitories and allow upperclassmen to live off campus. In 2005, Goshen College announced its plan to return to four-year residency. With more students on campus, the school has spent over $10 million building and renovating dorms.

The Roman Gingerich Recreation and Fitness Center is a $7 million facility constructed in 1994 with three full-sized basketball courts, four racquetball courts, a 200 meter indoor track, swimming pool,(for recreational swimming only) hot tub, climbing wall, and weight room. The fitness center is open to all students and staff, and is used by community members as well.

The $24 million Music Center, completed in October 2002, has become regionally renowned for its design and acoustics.[16][17] The Music Center consists of several main sections: Sauder Concert Hall, Rieth Recital Hall, the Art Gallery, and various classrooms, practice rooms and offices. Several highlights are a central recording studio, MIDI labs, and Opus 41, a 1600-pipe tracker pipe organ, the first in the world with tempering based on alumnus Bradley Lehman's research of Johann Sebastian Bach's notation.[18] The facility was designed by Mathes Brierre Architects (design architects), Schmidt Associates (architects of record), and TALASKE (acoustics and audio consultants).[19]

Small Group Housing

Small Group Housing (SGH) is an option for juniors and seniors on Goshen's campus. Started in the 1970s, SGH offers students the opportunity to live in a house arrangement, with common kitchen and living spaces. The purpose of SGH is for students to develop another living experience alternative to dormitory life. This same idea was carried out with the construction of the Apartments. Goshen College maintains that SGH living is a privilege, and students must apply as a group to live in a residence. An application board consisting of resident directors, spiritual life, and physical plant review all potential candidates in the spring for the next school year. Each group must create a housing plan, division of responsibility, show examples of volunteerism, and a commitment to better the Goshen campus, as well as resolve conflict. Other factors considered in the application process include house cumulative GPA, extracurricular involvement, median age of the group, and personal faculty recommendations.[20] Houses are then rewarded to applying groups who exemplify high academic, moral, and volunteer efforts, based on objective and subjective review.

Satellite facilities

Longboat Key sunset seen across the street from Goshen College Marine Biology lab

In addition to the 135 acre (½ km²) main campus, Goshen College maintains several other facilities. Merry Lea is the college's fully endowed 1,150 acre (4.6 km²) nature preserve located at Wolf Lake in Noble County, Indiana, about 30 miles (50 km) southeast of Goshen. In 2006, Merry Lea completed construction of a two-million dollar facility with classroom and living space. The construction was platinum LEED certified, representing the highest quality of environmental construction process currently available.[21] Merry Lea hosts various schools and organizations throughout the year, and offers a Masters program in environmental education.

Goshen's Florida Keys Marine Lab, located on Long Key, FL (Layton), provides learning space for the marine biology class during May term. Long Key, vacation home to Zane Grey offers an opportunity for students to discover the ecosystems that create the Florida Keys.

Goshen College also had operated their campus of higher education, which was located in Sarasota, Florida. This campus was in operation from 1998 until the fall of 2005, and was fully accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools as well as being licensed by the Florida Commission for Independent Education.

Other properties maintained by Goshen College include: Brunk's Cabin, a retreat property complete with a lit sledding hill in Cass County, Michigan, Witmer Woods[22], a 13-acre (53,000 m2) arboretum with over 100 native Indiana species, and the adjacent propety College Cabin (Reservoir Place)[23], used for special events, along the Elkhart River and millrace.

Core values

In 2002 the college approved five core values that would become the vision of the college.[24][25][26] These five values continue to define the college's future. These values were selected by Goshen College's board of directors because they identify the college's understanding of what it means to be a disciple of Christ.

based on 1 Corinthians 3:11, this is the main value with which the college seeks to identify. The remaining four branch from this value.
Passionate learners
Goshen College believes that its faith is supported and sustained by knowledge. As a center of learning, its goals are to educate and renew the minds of its students through a spirit of academic excellence. (II Peter 1:5-8)
Servant leaders
In a world searching for future leaders, Goshen seeks to produce servant leaders, embodied by the example Jesus has shown. By following Christ's example, Goshen seeks to create a culture of joyful service. (Matthew 20:26-28)
Compassionate peacemakers
Goshen College embraces biblical shalom, the peace that God intends to build for humanity. Goshen seeks to renounce the violent and oppressive powers of this world while living lives that are examples of God's peace. (Matthew 5:9)
Global citizens
Goshen College teaches its students to go forth into the world offering their talents and gifts. Goshen seeks to respect the differences of others, while at the same time seeking common ground. (II Corinthians 5:18-20)

Important people

A number of famous people have either taught or attended Goshen Gollege throughout the years. Co-founder of Oregon's Bach Music Festival, numerous academics, award winning authors, the developer of the seedless watermelon, and prestigious business leaders and musicians have all called Goshen their alma mater. Goshen's motto, "Culture for Service" is evident in many graduates and faculty. Thus, recognition of their contributions to society often supersede recognition of their names. Members of the rock band Lotus attended Goshen College. Below is a list of several important people who have been associated with the College.

Past presidents

  • John D. Yordy (Interim President), 2004–06
  • Shirley H. Showalter, 1997–2004
  • Henry D. Weaver, (Interim President), 1996
  • Victor S. Stoltzfus, 1984–96
  • J. Lawrence Burkholder, 1971–84
  • Paul E. Mininger, 1954–70
  • Carl Kreider (Acting President), 1950–51, 1970–71
  • Ernest E. Miller, 1940–54
  • Sanford C. Yoder, 1923–40
  • Daniel Kauffman, 1922–23
  • Irvin R. Detweiler (Acting President), 1920–22
  • Henry Frank Reist, 1919–20
  • George J. Lapp, 1918–19
  • John E. Hartzler, 1913–18
  • Noah E. Byers, 1901–13

Principals of the Elkhart Institute

  • Noah E. Byers, 1898–1903
  • Willis E. Tower, 1895–98
  • Rev. F.A. Hosmer, 1894-95[27]

Center for Intercultural Learning and Teaching

On October 25, 2006, Goshen College announced that it was the recipient of a $12.5 million Lilly grant to create the Center for Intercultural Learning and Teaching (CITL).[28][29] The purpose of this grant is to research challenges that come with changing demographics in rural towns with small colleges, hopefully putting Goshen College at the forefront of the study. Goshen received this money in part because of its heritage with SST, and priding itself on being a good "global citizen," one of the school's core values. Goshen College's location in Elkhart County is optimal for such a study because of the community's large and rapidly growing Latino population (12.6 percent of the population in 2006).[29] The grant will also provide a venue for growing and retaining minority (particularly Latino) students. Despite growing minority populations, Indiana's minority enrollment in its colleges and universities has only increased two percent.[29]


  • Goshen's motto, "Culture for Service," was coined by president Noah E. Byers in 1903.
  • Goshen's school colors, purple and white, were modeled after Northwestern University, where President Byers attended and after which he wanted to model Goshen.
  • One of the college's many traditions is "sampling" sap from the city of Goshen's official Maple Tree, located on campus, and "testing" how many more weeks of winter there will be. Professors from the science department bring out their equipment with much fanfare to determine the official length of winter. In 2006, the maple tree was removed because of disease rotting the hardwood and was replaced by a new tree, now the official maple tree of Goshen. In 2007, new president Jim Brenneman replaced this tradition (which probably resulted in the early death of the maple) with "Weather or Not Day"; a day celebrating Northern Indiana's fickle weather.
  • Early (1925) advertisements for the college were refreshingly direct. One said “Goshen [is] not the best college in the United States. But it is better than the rest for Mennonite young people.”[30]

College seal

Goshen College seal signifies the book which all alumni have signed since graduation, and the lamp signifies the enlightenment that comes with education. As a Christian school, the book also signifies the importance of word, as well as God's call for his people to be "light to the world."[31]

Alma Mater

There's a spot in Indiana, where the leafy Maple grows
It's the dear and glorious parkside, where the Elkhart River flows
'Tis a spot we love most dearly, 'Tis a spot we'll cherish long
After youth and strength have faded, and this world has heard our song

Goshen College, Ever Singing
To our motto we'll be true
Honor to our Master bringing
Alma Mater, we love you

Here we learn life's duties doing, in our sacred college halls
Freshman, Sophomore, Junior, Senior, answer high, when duty calls'
Though our times may be slender, may our hearts be warm and true
Ever lead us onward, upward, ever shall the strength renew

Goshen College, Ever Singing
To our motto we'll be true
Honor to our Master bringing
Alma Mater, we love you

And the lasting ties of friendship, growing through the hopes and fears
May they ne'er be brung assunder in the distant, coming years
Though our future paths may lead us, to unite humanity
Alma Mater e'er we leave you, loyalty we pledge to thee

Goshen College, Ever Singing
To our motto we'll be true
Honor to our Master bringing
Alma Mater, we love you

College hymn

Teach me thy truth, O mighty One,
From sin, O make me free.
Prepare my life to fill its place
In service, Lord, for thee.

Accept my talents, great or small,
Choose thou the path for me,
Where I shall labor joyously,
In service, Lord, for thee.

Help me to show thy glorious way
That leads in hope to thee,
Till other souls their joy shall find,
In service, Lord, for thee.

Grant me thy grace for ev'ry task
Until thy face I see,
Then ever new shall be that joy
In service, Lord, for thee.



  1. ^ As of June 30, 2009. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2009 Endowment Market Value and Percentage Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2008 to FY 2009" (PDF). 2009 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments. National Association of College and University Business Officers. http://www.nacubo.org/Documents/research/2009_NCSE_Public_Tables_Endowment_Market_Values.pdf. Retrieved March 2, 2010. 
  2. ^ "America's Best Colleges 2008: Goshen College: At a glance". US News and World Reports. 2008. http://www.usnews.com/usnews/edu/college/directory/brief/drglance_1799_brief.php. Retrieved 2008-03-16. 
  3. ^ Diversity at Goshen College. URL accessed on 2006-02-19
  4. ^ Bethel College is older but did not originally grant four year degrees. Bethel was incorporated in 1887 and opened at its present site in 1893.
  5. ^ Schlabach, Theron F: "Peace, Faith, Nation: Mennonites and Amish in Nineteenth Century America", page 300. Herald Press, 1988
  6. ^ Juhnke, James C: "Vision, Doctrine, War: Mennonite Identity and Organization in America 1890-1930", page 128. Herald Press, 1989
  7. ^ Toews, Paul: "Mennonites in American Society, 1930-1970: Modernity and the Persistence of Religious Community", page 88. Herald Press, 1996
  8. ^ "Mennonite college endowments lag behind". Mennonite Weekly Review. 2006. http://www.mennoweekly.org/JUNE/06-19-06/ENDOWMENTS06-19.html. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  9. ^ "History of Goshen College". Goshen College. http://www.goshen.edu/aboutgc/history.php. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  10. ^ Goshen College to launch first master’s degree program, in environmental education
  11. ^ "Study-Service Term – Learning and Serving Abroad". Goshen College. http://www.goshen.edu/sst/. Retrieved 2008-03-27. 
  12. ^ "Student playing Rugball". Goshen College. http://www.goshen.edu/virtualgc/photoalbum/rugball/index.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-17. 
  13. ^ Soluz Films
  14. ^ The Council of Independent Colleges: Historic Campus Architecture Project
  15. ^ Residence life
  16. ^ Goshen College Music Center
  17. ^ Construction
  18. ^ Opus 41 Pipe Organ
  19. ^ Goshen College Music Center website
  20. ^ "Small Group Housing". Goshen College. http://www.goshen.edu/studentlife/apply/SGH.php. Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  21. ^ Merry Lea’s Green Buildings
  22. ^ Witmer Wood's Goshen College website
  23. ^ College Cabin architecture
  24. ^ Goshen College Self-study Report 2004-2005
  25. ^ Core values
  26. ^ "Mission, statement of purpose and affirmations". Goshen College. http://www.goshen.edu/aboutgc/mission.php. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 
  27. ^ "Past Presidents of Goshen College". Goshen College. 2006. http://www.goshen.edu/inauguration/presidents.php. Retrieved 2008-05-11. 
  28. ^ "Center for Intercultural Teaching and Learning". http://citl.goshen.edu. Retrieved 2007-12-25. 
  29. ^ a b c Aguirre, Richard: "Access, Transformation & Research", Bulletin: The magazine of Goshen College, Winter/Spring 2007, pp. 11-12
  30. ^ Showalter, Shirley: President's Public Diaries. http://www.collegevalues.org/diaries.cfm?id=233&a=1
  31. ^ "One remarkable year: 1903-1904". Goshen College. 2003. http://www.goshen.edu/news/bulletin/03june/01_year.php. Retrieved 2008-07-18. 

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