Gouda: Wikis

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Gouda
—  Municipality  —
The market square with the gothic city hall

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 52°01′N 4°42′E / 52.02°N 4.70°E / 52.02; 4.70
Country Netherlands (Nederland)
Province South Holland (Zuid-Holland)
Area (2006)
 - Total 18.10 km2 (7 sq mi)
 - Land 16.92 km2 (6.5 sq mi)
 - Water 1.19 km2 (0.5 sq mi)
Population (1 January, 2007)
 - Total 71,873
 Density 4,189/km2 (10,849.5/sq mi)
  Source: CBS, Statline.
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +31-182
Website www.gouda.nl
Gouda's 15th Century Town Hall
Gouda's Cheese Market

Gouda (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɣʌuda]  ( listen); population 71,797 in 2004) is a city and municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. Gouda, which was granted city rights in 1272, is famous for its Gouda cheese, smoking pipes, and its 15th century city hall.

The town takes its name from the Van der Goude family, who built a fortified castle alongside the banks of the Gouwe River, from which the family took its name. The area, originally marshland, developed over the course of two centuries. By 1225, a canal was linked to the Gouwe and its estuary was transformed into a harbour. Gouda's array of historic churches and other buildings makes it a very popular day trip destination.

Contents

History

Around the year 1000, the area where Gouda now is located was swampy and covered with a peat forest, crossed by small creeks such as the Gouwe. Along the shores of this stream near the current market and city hall, peat harvesting began in the 11th and 12th centuries. In 1139, the name Gouda is first mentioned in a statement from the Bishop of Utrecht.

In the 13th century, the Gouwe was connected to the Oude Rijn (Old Rhine) by means of a canal and its mouth at the Hollandse IJssel was developed into a harbour. Castle Gouda was built to protect this harbour. This shipping route was used for trade between Flanders and France with Holland and the Baltic Sea. In 1272, Floris V, Count of Holland, granted city rights to Gouda, which by then had become an important location. City-canals or grachten were dug and served as transport ways through the town.

Great fires in 1361 and 1438 destroyed the city. In 1572, the city was occupied by Les Gueux (Dutch rebels against the Spanish King) who also committed arson and destruction. In 1577 demolition of Castle Gouda began.

In 1574, 1625, 1636, and 1673, Gouda suffered from deadly Plague epidemics, of which the last one was the most severe: 2995 persons died, constituting 20% of its population [1].

In the last quarter of the 16th century, Gouda had serious economic problems. It recovered in the first half of the 17th century and even prospered between 1665 and 1672. But its economy collapsed again when war broke out in 1672 and the plague decimated the city in 1673, even affecting the pipe industry. After 1700, Gouda enjoyed a period of progress and prosperity until 1730. Then another recession followed, resulting in a long period of decline that lasted well into the 19th century [2]. Gouda was one of the poorest cities in the country during that period: the terms "Goudaner" and "beggar" were considered synonymous.[3]

Starting in 1830, demolition of the city walls began. The last city gate was torn down in 1854. Only from the second half of the 19th century onward, Gouda started to profit from an improved economic condition. New companies, such as Stearine Kaarsenfabriek (Stearine Candle Factory) and Machinale Garenspinnerij (Mechanized Yarn Spinnery), acted as the impetus to its economy. In 1855, the railway Gouda-Utrecht began to operate. In the beginning of the 20th century, large scale development began, extending the city beyond its moats. First the new neighbourhoods Korte Akkeren, Kort Haarlem and Kadebuurt were built, followed by Oosterwei, Bloemendaal, and Goverwelle after World War II.

From 1940 on, backfilling of the city moats and city-canals, the grachten, began: the Nieuwe Haven, Raam, Naaierstraat, and Achter de Vismarkt. But because of protests from city dwellers and revised policies of city planners, Gouda did not continue backfilling moats and city-canals, now considered historically valuable. In 1944, the railway station was damaged during an Allied bombardment, killing 8 and wounding 10 persons. This bombardment was intended to destroy the railroad connecting The Hague and Rotterdam to Utrecht.

Early 21st century, an analysis by the Dutch police showed that Gouda was home to the highest percentage of criminal Moroccans in The Netherlands. In 2009, at the request of the home affairs ministry, the Dutch national police issued a report titled Analyse Marokkaanse daderpopulaties van gemeenten in Nederland, ranking 181 municipalities according to the severity of the Moroccan problem there. Dutch police listed a total of 14,462 Moroccan criminal suspects from all municipalities where five or more Moroccans were suspected of committing at least one crime in 2007, 181 cities in all. Police limited the list to Moroccans of whom it was “convinced they committed a crime”. The list represents 8.1 percent of all registered suspects in the Netherlands, of whom 57.1 percent were native Dutch. The report did not mention any statistics regarding other ethnic groups. Gouda turned out to be the town with the biggest Moroccan problem in terms of repeat offences. Moroccan suspects between 12 and 24 years here commited an average of 1.4 crimes. The criminal Moroccan population was also relatively the largest in Gouda. Of all residents 12 years and older, 0.55 percent were criminal Moroccans. [4][5]

Economy

Gouda is world famous for its Gouda cheese, which still is traded on its cheese market held each Thursday. It is further well-known for the fabrication of candles, smoking pipes, and syrup waffles. Gouda used to have a considerable linen industry and a number of beer breweries.

The world famous Gouda cheese is not made in the city itself but in the surrounding region. It derives its name from being traded in Gouda where the city council imposes stringent quality controls.

Since 1977, the weekly pig market, the largest in the Netherlands, is no longer held in the city.

Attractions

The Waag (Scale Building).
  • Old City Hall at the market - built between 1448 and 1450, one of the oldest Gothic city halls in the Netherlands.
  • The Waag (weigh house) - built in 1667 across from the Old City Hall, this building was used for weighing goods to levy taxes. It now is a national monument.
  • Grote of St. Jans Kerk (Great or Saint John Church) - largest cross-shaped church in the Netherlands, famed for its stained glass which was made between 1530 and 1603, considered the most significant stained glass collection in the Netherlands [6]. Even in the 17th century, it was already a tourist attraction.
  • Waaiersluis (Waaier Locks) - a historic lock on the Hollandse IJssel just east of Gouda.
  • Museumhaven Gouda (Harbour Museum Gouda)
  • Other museums: Museum Gouda (history museum), Museum De Verborgen Tijd (modern art), Museum De Moriaan (national pharmaceutical museum), and Verzets Museum (about the Dutch resistance during World War II).

Transportation

Gouda is served by two railway stations: Gouda, Gouda Goverwelle. The city also lies alongside the A12 motorway.

International relations

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Twin towns — Sister cities

Gouda is twinned with:

Natives of Gouda

Notes

  1. ^ Abels, pp. 302-303
  2. ^ Abels, pp. 364-365
  3. ^ Schouten, Jan (1977) Gouda door de eeuwen (Gouda through the ages) Repro-Holland, Alphen aan de Rijn, NL, pg. 156 OCLC 63324059 in Dutch
  4. ^ (Dutch)"Politie: steeds meer bendevorming criminele Marokkaanse jongeren"
  5. ^ "Gouda: criminal Moroccan capital"
  6. ^ Harten-Boers, Henny van: The stained-glass windows in the Sint Janskerk at Gouda I

References

  • Abels, P.H.A.M. (2002) Duizend jaar Gouda: een stadsgeschiedenis (Thousand year Gouda: A history of the city) Verloren, Hilversum, ISBN 90-6550-717-5, in Dutch
  • Denslagen, W.F. and Akkerman, Chris (2001) Gouda Rijksdienst voor de Monumentenzorg, Zeist, NL, ISBN 90-400-9515-9, in Dutch
  • Schouten, Jan and de Wit, Bob (1960) Gouda (translated from the Dutch by Flora van Os-Gammon) W. van Hoeve, The Hague OCLC 1492541, in English

External links

52°01′04″N 4°42′19″E / 52.017694°N 4.705324°E / 52.017694; 4.705324


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Gouda's Stadhuis
Gouda's Stadhuis

Gouda[1] is a city in the province South-Holland in The Netherlands. It is a typical Dutch city with lots of old building and pretty canals, and is a popular destination for a day trip. It is famous for it's cheese, it's 15th century town hall and the amazing glass windown in St. Janskerk.

Understand

Gouda has a population of just over 70,000. Most of the city is below sea level. As well as it's cheese, Gouda is also famous for it's stroopwafels and it's clap pipes.

History

Gouda is names after the Van der Goude family, who built a castle on the Gouwe River in the 11th century. The area was swampland. Over the next two hundred years peat was collected and the land was developed. In 1225, a canal was build connecting the Gouwe River with the Oude Rijn (part of the Rhine delta). This was used to help ship goods to France and further afield. Gouda became important because of this, and in 1272, was made a city. Lots of the canals were build around this time.

Over the years, there have been fires (1361, 1438), occupations (1572) and plagues (1574, 1625, 1636, 1673). In 1577, the castle was destroyed.

In 1667 a tax was introduced on the locally produced cheese. This raised a lot of money for the town. In 1668, the Waag (cheese weighing house) was built, to weigh the cheese and collect this tax.

Get in

By Train

There are two train stations in Gouda - Gouda (the main station, 5mins walk to the Maark) and Gouda Goverwelle (in suburbia). For the timetable check NS (in English).

Trains have been running between Gouda and Utrecht since 1855, and in 1944 the old train station was damaged by Allied bombing.

  • Utrecht CS - takes about 20 minutes. Take a train in the direction of Rotterdam or Den Haag. Six trains an hour.
  • Den Haag or Rotterdam - takes about 20 minutes. Take a train towards Utrecht. Gouda is right in the middle of these train lines. Eight trains an hour.
  • Amsterdam - takes 40-60 minutes. There is one slow direct train an hour. It is also possible to switch in Woerden or Utrecht to get to Gouda.
  • Leiden take the train to Alphen aan den Rijn and from there you can take a light-rail train to Gouda.
  • The Light Rail runs from Gouda via Waddinxveen and Boskoop to Alphen ann den Rijn.

By Bus

Buses stop the at train station. Check the Connexxion website (in Dutch) for more detailed information.

There are buses to and from Gouda from the following places:

By Car

Gouda is directly located on the A12 and A20.

  • Den Haag - about 20 mins. Take the A12 towards Utrecht
  • Rotterdam - about 15mins. Take the A20 towards Utrecht.
  • Amsterdam, Schiphol or Leiden - Take the A4 towards Leiden, then the N11 (via Alphen aan den Rijn). Or (slightly longer, but without leaving the motorway), take the A4 to Den Haag and then the A12 to Gouda.
  • There are road works on the A4, the main road between Amsterdam and Utrecht. Driving to Gouda this was is not recommended until they end in 2012.

By Plane

The nearest airports at in Amsterdam and Rotterdam.

Map of Gouda centre
Map of Gouda centre

By Foot

The centre of Gouda is small and very easy to walk around. All the main sites are here, inside the canal, De Singel, which circles Gouda centre. A lot of the street are pedestrianized. The main shopping street, Kleiweg, is pedestrianized and bike free. At the centre of Gouda and the end of Kleiweg is the Markt. The Stadhuis and De Waag are here, and this is where the cheese market takes place.

By Bike

If you want to travel outside the centre of Gouda, by bike is a good option. Most of the streets in the centre are bike friendly, the main exception being Kleiweg. You can walk along this street with your bike, just don't cycle. As you would expect in a Dutch city, there is lots of parking everywhere for your bike. Make sure you lock it. Bike theft is very common in the Netherlands.

Bikes can be rented from:

  • NS Rijwielshop Gouda, Stationsplein 10 (on the north side of the train station), 0182-516 111. To rent a bike you need ID and to pay a deposit. Booking is essential.  edit

See

Gouda is a typical and beautiful Dutch town. It's a great place to wander, checking out the old building and the quite canals.

  • Gouda Tourist Office (VVV), Markt 27, 0900-4683288 (, fax: 0182-583210), [3]. M 1PM-5:30PM, Tu-F 9:30AM-5:30PM, Sa 10AM-4PM.  edit
  • Stadhuis (Old Townhall), Markt 1 (Middle of Markt), 0182-588482. M-F 10AM-noon 2PM-4PM, Sa 11AM-4PM(3PM Oct-Mar). The Old Townhall on the market square is the oldest Gothic town hall in The Netherlands. Build out of natural materials between 1448 and 1450, it is now a museum. Every hour, on the side of the building, there is a little puppet show, showing the city rights being handed over to Gouda, as happened in the year 1272. €1.50.  edit
  • The Cheese Market and De Waag (Cheese Weighing House), [4]. The cheese market is on every Thursday morning in the summer. The Waag is open 1 Apr-31 Oct, Tu-Su: 1PM-5PM, Th 10AM-5PM. Check out the cheese market, eat some cheese, see the old cheese weighing house, built by Pieter Post in 1668, now a museum to (you guessed it) cheese! Adult €3.50, child €3.  edit
  • St. Janskerk (St. Johns Church). This church is famous for its beautifull stained glass windows. It is the largest cross shaped church in the Netherlands.  edit
  • Museumgouda (Gouda Museum), Achter de Kerk 14, 0182-331000 (, fax: 0182-331019), [5]. W-F 10AM-5PM, Sa-Su noon-5PM. This museum traces the history of Gouda. There are displays of archaeology, old clay pipes, pottery and paintings. Information and guided tours are available in English. Over 18:€5, under 18:free.  edit
  • Museumhaven Gouda (Gouda Harbor Museum), [6]. This museum tracks the history of Gouda harbor and shipbuilding. There is also some old ships and building to see. All the information is in Dutch.  edit
  • Verzetsmuseum Zuid-Holland (The Resistance Museum), Turfmarkt 30, [7]. The history of the Dutch resistance in World War II. Article info and guided tours available in English. Adult: €3, child: free, concession: €2.  edit
  • The Vier Gekroonden, Naaierstraat 6. An old house in Gouda. Listed as one of the top 100 listed building in the Netherlands.  edit
  • Windmills. There are three windmills remaining in Gouda.  edit.
  • Molen 't Slot, Punt 17, +31 (0)182 524655.  edit
  • Molen de Roode Leeuw, Vest 65, +31 (0)182 522041. Possible to visit by appointment only.  edit
  • Cinema (Arcade Bioscoop), Lethmaetstraat 45, 0182-527773, [8]. Small 4 screen cinema in centre. English movies shown with Dutch subtitles. Little shop sells snacks and beer. €8-9.  edit
  • Play Golf, Sluisdijk 15, 2809 NA, Gouda, +31 (0)182 583933 (, fax: +31 (0)182 583715), [9]. Daily 8AM-sunset. Nine hole golf course, driving range, 18 hole putting green and restaurant. Equipment rental and lessons available. Weekends €30, weekday €20-25.  edit
  • Play snooker or pool (Sports Palace), Lange Groenendaal 110, +31 (0)182 548502 (), [10]. 5PM-midnight Tu-Su. Play snooker, pool or darts. You can also get lessons. There is a bar too.  edit
  • Gouda Bij Kunstlicht, Lethmaetstraat 45. In the month of December, the city centre gets lit up in special ways. This also contains the Candlelight night on the second Tuesday of December.  edit
Inside a Gouda cheese shop
Inside a Gouda cheese shop

Most shops are open M-Sa 9AM-5PM. Almost everything is closed on Sundays.

  • Gouda cheese. This world famous cheese gets its name from the town. It's been made locally with cow's milk since the middle ages. The cheese isn't made in the town itself, but the surrounding area. Check out the Cheese market (see See section) or some of the amazing cheese shops in the town.  edit
  • Goudse stroopwafels. These traditional Dutch cookies were first made in Gouda in 1784. Two thin wafers with a caramel filling. Yummy!  edit
  • Kleiweg. This is the main shopping street. Your find the usual high street shops and department stores.  edit

Eat

There are lots of small cafes and bars at the north of the Markt.

  • Brunel, High Gouwe 23, +31 (0)182 518979, [11]. Modern French restaurant on a beautiful street. They also run the cafe at MuseumgoudA. Mains €21.50.  edit
  • De Zalm (means the Salmon), Markt 34, 0182–686976 (), [12]. Restaurant/bar in the Markt.  edit
  • Eetcafe Vidocq, Koster Gijzensteeg 8 (Down a little lane, just off the Markt.), 0182-522819 (), [13]. A great cozy Dutch feeling restaurant with great food (especially steaks). The menu is written on a blackboard the wall. Very popular.  edit
  • New Tandoor, Lange Tiendeweg 49, +31 (0)182 529733, [14]. 5PM-10.30PM Tu-Su. Indian restaurant, cheap price, good food. Mains €12-15.  edit
  • Scheeps (means Ships), Westhaven 4, 0182-517 572 (), [15]. Beautiful, more upmarket restaurant, with lots of pictures of ships on the walls.  edit
  • Xochimilco, Wijdstraat 29 (South of Markt), +31 (0)182 523120, [16]. 5PM-11PM Tu-Su. Mexican restaurant running for 18 years in Gouda. €14-20.  edit
  • Cafe Central, Markt 22-23 (On main square), 0182-512576 (), [17]. M 6PM-midnight, Tu-Su 9AM-midnight. A great traditional Dutch feeling cafe in the centre of town. Nice food and drinks, friendly staff and plenty of space.  edit
  • Tof, Markt 30, 0182-548897 (), [18]. Su-W 10AM-1AM, Th-Sa 10Am-4AM. Modern bar on the Markt. Popular with the younger crowd, especially on weekends.  edit

Sleep

Gouda is a very popular as day-trip. There is a limited supply of accommodation.

  • Campanile Hotel Gouda, Kampenringweg 39-41 (2km from town, at the A12 motorway), 0182-535555 (, fax: 0182-571575), [19]. 75 rooms with satellite TV and Wifi. Restaurant with buffet breakfast, lunch and dinner. Double/twin €80+.  edit
  • Hotel De Keizerskroon, Keizerstraat 11-13, 0182-528096 (, fax: 0182-511777), [20]. Budget hotel, right in the centre of town. Ensuite: Double €79.50, triple €95. Shared bathroom: Single €50, double €60, triple €69.50.  edit
  • Hotel De Utrechtsche Dom, Geuzenstraat 6 (In the centre), 0182 528833 (), [21]. Characteristic family hotel in the centre of Gouda. Breakfast included. Ensuite: Suite €125, double €80. Shared bathroom: Double €60, triple €80.  edit
  • Hotel Over de Brug, Ad en Vic Versteeg, Veerlaan 1, 2851 BV, Haastrecht (Take Provincialeweg West (N288) from Gouda), +31(0)182 501210, +31(0)182 501415, [22]. This traditional hotel on the River IJssel, is about 5km from Gouda, in the small town of Hasstrecht. It's an easy cycle to Gouda. There is a pub/restaurant. Free Wi-fi and parking. Double €67, Single €40.  edit
  • Tulip Inn, Goudseweg 32, 2411HL, Bodegraven (6km outsude Gouda, just off the A12. Can take bus 178 from Gouda.), 0172-650003 (), [23]. 64 rooms all with balcony. Renovated in Aug 2007. There are two restaurants and a bar. €65.50-95.50, Breakfast €12.50.  edit

Stay Safe

Gouda is, in general, a safe city, even at night time. There is a lot of petty car crime. Do not leave the radio or any valuables in view in your car. Recently, GPS systems have been stolen from the glove compartment, because the thieves have noticed the rings left on the glass from them.

  • Police Station, (In tourist office).  edit
  • Hospital (Groene Hart Ziekenhuis), Bleulandweg 10, +31 1820 566 666 (fax: +31 1820 566 601).  edit
  • Oudewater - this village is 15km from Gouda. It is famous for it's witch weighing house, where they issue certificates proving people aren't witches.
  • Rotterdam - the second largest city in the Netherlands, and the second largest port in the world is only 15mins from Gouda. Check out its 20th century architecture and great shopping.
  • The Hague - home of the Dutch government and the residence of the Queen, this city is full of history.
  • Utrecht - the city has some great historic architecture and is a transport hub for the Netherlands.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

GOUDA (or TER GouwE), a town of Holland, in the province of South Holland, on the north side of the Gouwe at its confluence with the Ysel, and a junction station 122m. by rail N.E. of Rotterdam. Pop. (1900) 22,303. Tramways connect it with Bodegraven (52 m. N.) on the old Rhine and with Oudewater (8 m. E.) on the Ysel; and there is a regular steamboat service in various directions, Amsterdam being reached by the canalized Gouwe; Aar, Drecht and Amstel. The town of Gouda is laid out in a fine open manner and, like other Dutch towns, is intersected by numerous canals. On its outskirts pleasant walks and fine trees have replaced the old fortifications. The Groote Markt is the largest market-square in Holland. Among the numerous churches belonging to various denominations, the first place must be given to the Groote Kerk of St John. It was founded in 1485, but rebuilt after a fire in 1552, and is remarkable for its dimensions (345 ft. long and 150 ft. broad), for a large and celebrated organ, and a splendid series of over forty stained-glass windows presented by cities and princes and executed by various well-known artists, including the brothers Dirk (d. C.1577) and Wouter (d. c. 1590) Crabeth, between the years 1555 and 1603 (see Explanation of the Famous and Renowned Glass Works, &c., Gouda, 1876, reprinted from an older volume, 1718). Other noteworthy buildings are the Gothic town hall, founded in 1449 and rebuilt in 1690, and the weigh-house, built by Pieter Post of Haarlem (1608-1669) and adorned with a fine relief by Barth. Eggers (d. c. 1690). The museum of antiquities (1874) contains an exquisite chalice of the year 1425 and some pictures and portraits by Wouter Crabeth the younger, Corn. Ketel (a native of Gouda, 1548-1616) and Ferdinand Bol (1616-1680). Other buildings are the orphanage, the hospital, a house of correction for women and a music hall.

In the time of the counts the wealth of Gouda was mainly derived from brewing and cloth-weaving; but at a later date the making of clay tobacco pipes became the staple trade, and, although this industry has somewhat declined, the churchwarden pipes of Gouda are still well known and largely manufactured. In winter-time it is considered a feat to skate hither from Rotterdam and elsewhere to buy such a pipe and return with it in one's mouth without its being broken. The mud from the Ysel furnishes the material for large brick-works and potteries; there are also a celebrated manufactory of stearine candles, a yarn factory, an oil refinery and cigar factories. The transit and shipping trade is considerable, and as one of the principal markets of South Holland, the round, white Gouda cheeses are known throughout Europe. Boskoop, 5 m. N. by W. of Gouda on the Gouwe, is famous for its nursery gardens; and the little old-world town of Oudewater as the birthplace of the famous theologian Arminius in 1560. The town hall (1588) of Oudewater contains a picture by Dirk Stoop (d. 1686), commemorating the capture of the town by the Spaniards in 1575 and the subsequent sack and massacre.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also gouda

Contents

English

Proper noun

Singular
Gouda

Plural
-

Gouda

  1. A city in the Netherlands.

See also

Noun

Singular
Gouda

Plural
usually uncountable; plural Goudas

Gouda (usually uncountable; plural Goudas)

  1. A type of cheese.

See also


German

Wikipedia-logo.png
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Gouda

Wikipedia de

Wikipedia-logo.png
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Gouda_%28Niederlande%29

Wikipedia de

Wikipedia-logo.png
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Gouda (Käse)

Wikipedia de

Noun

Gouda m. (genitive Goudas, plural Goudas)

  1. A type of cheese.

Proper noun

Gouda

  1. A city in the Netherlands.

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Eric J. Gouda article)

From Wikispecies

(born 1957)


Simple English

Gouda can mean:

  • Gouda (town) a town in the Netherlands
  • Gouda (cheese)
  • Gouda (pottery)
  • Gouda (slang)
  • Gouda, South Africa, a town in the Western Cape Province of South Africa.
  • Gouda was astate in India. It joined with Banga state when India became independent in 1947 to form the state of West Bengal.
  • Emperor Go-Uda, emperor of Japan
  • Kazundo Gouda, a character in Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex 2nd Gig.

Other pages

  • Gauda

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