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New Zealand

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
New Zealand


Constitution

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The Governments of New Zealand are based on the Westminster system of responsible government. Executive government in New Zealand is based on the principle that "The Queen reigns, but the government rules, so long as it has the support of the House of Representatives"[1]. The Head of state (the Queen, represented by the Governor-General) follows the advice of the government and plays only a formal role in the executive, except with respect to the formation and dismissal of governments and the use of the reserve powers.

Contents

Head of Government

The Head of Government in New Zealand is the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is indirectly elected, in that they are not directly elected by the people of New Zealand but become Prime Minister by (usually) becoming the leader of the largest party in Parliament following a general election.

History

While New Zealand had been granted self-government in 1853 following the New Zealand Constitution Act 1852, the first government formed along political lines did not appear until 1891, when John Ballance formed the Liberal Party.

List of Governments of New Zealand by term

Rank Government Term Time in office
1 First Liberal 1891–1912 21 years
2 Reform 1912–1928 16 years
3 First Labour 1935–1949 14 years
4 Second National 1960–1972 12 years
5= Fourth National 1990–1999 9 years
5= Fifth Labour 1999–2008 9 years
7= First National 1949–1957 8 years
7= Third National 1975–1984 8 years
9 Fourth Labour 1984–1990 6 years
10 Liberal-Reform coalition 1931–1935 4 years
11= United 1928–1931 3 years
11= Second Labour 1957–1960 3 years
11= Third Labour 1972–1975 3 years

Chronological list of Governments of New Zealand

Number Government Term Time in office
1 First Liberal 1891–1912 21 years
2 Reform 1912–1928 16 years
3 United 1928–1931 3 years
4 Liberal-Reform coalition 1931–1935 4 years
5 First Labour 1935–1949 14 years
6 First National 1949–1957 8 years
7 Second Labour 1957–1960 3 years
8 Second National 1960–1972 12 years
9 Third Labour 1972–1975 3 years
10 Third National 1975–1984 8 years
11 Fourth Labour 1984–1990 6 years
12 Fourth National 1990–1999 9 years
13 Fifth Labour 1999–2008 9 years
14 Fifth National 2008–

See also

References

  1. ^ Sir Kenneth Keith, quoted in the Cabinet Manual
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