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Government of the 3rd Dáil: Wikis

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Govt of the 1st Dáil (1918)
Govt of the 2nd Dáil (1921)
Govt of the 3rd Dáil (1922)
Govt of the 4th Dáil (1923)
Govt of the 5th Dáil (Jun. 1927)

The 3rd Dáil was elected at the 1922 general election on 16 June 1922 and lasted 437 days.

Contents

Second Provisional Government

The Second Provisional Government (30 August 1922 – 6 December 1922) was formed by Pro-Treaty faction of Sinn Féin. It came to office following the election of the Third Dáil on 16 June 1922. The cabinet came to an end when it was superseded by a new cabinet, the First Executive Council of the Irish Free State.

Its formation brought to an end the anomalous system of dual administration that had existed since January, of government under two cabinets simultaneously, the Fourth Ministry under Arthur Griffith, and the First Provisional Government under Michael Collins. Following the death of Collins and Griffith in August 1922, W. T. Cosgrave decided to merge the two administrations, with himself as head of both. The new cabinet was therefore both the Second Provisional Government and the Fifth Ministry, while Cosgrave was officially both Chairman of the Provisional Government of Southern Ireland and President of the Republic. Both cabinets were finally, formally abolished when the new Constitution of the Irish Free State came into force in December.

Office Name
Chairman of the Provisional Government W. T. Cosgrave
Minister for Agriculture Patrick Hogan
Minister for Defence Richard Mulcahy
Minister for Education Eoin MacNeill
Minister for External Affairs Desmond FitzGerald
Minister for Finance W. T. Cosgrave
Minister for Home Affairs Kevin O'Higgins
Minister for Industry and Commerce Joseph McGrath
Minister for Local Government Ernest Blythe
Postmaster-General James J. Walsh
Minister without portfolio Fionán Lynch
Minister without portfolio Eamonn Duggan

1st Executive Council of the Irish Free State

The 1st Executive Council of the Irish Free State (6 December 1922 – 19 September 1923) was formed by Pro-Treaty faction of Sinn Féin, which later became the Cumann na nGaedhael party. The Constitution of the Irish Free State came into force in December 1922 and under its terms the Second Provisional Government was replaced by the Executive Council.

However elections were not held for the 4th Dáil until August 1923 and so the membership of the First Executive Council closely reflected that of the Second Provisional Government of Southern Ireland that had preceded it. The First Executive Council was replaced by the Second Executive Council shortly after the 1923 general election.

Office Name
President of the Executive Council W. T. Cosgrave
Vice-President of the Executive Council Kevin O'Higgins
Minister for Defence Richard Mulcahy
Minister for Education Eoin MacNeill
Minister for External Affairs Desmond FitzGerald
Minister for Finance W. T. Cosgrave
Minister for Home Affairs Kevin O'Higgins
Minister for Industry and Commerce Joseph McGrath
Minister for Local Government Ernest Blythe
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Ministers not members of the Executive Council

Office Name
Minister for Agriculture and Lands Patrick Hogan
Minister for Fisheries Fionán Lynch
Postmaster-General James J. Walsh

The government positions are listed in alphabetical order, rather than in terms of seniority.

See also


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