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Governor of Florida
Seal of Florida.svg
Official seal
Incumbent
Charles Crist, Jr.

since January 2, 2007
Style The Honorable
Term length Four Years, Maximum Two Consecutively
Inaugural holder Andrew Jackson
(Military Governor)
Formation March 10, 1821
Website http://www.flgov.com/

The Governor of Florida is the head of the executive branch of Florida's government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor has a duty to enforce state laws, and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Florida legislature, to transact all necessary business with officers of the government, grant pardons and reprieves, develop the budget, ensure that state laws be faithfully executed, and to deliver the annual "State of the State" address.

The position was created in 1821, before Florida became a state, when Andrew Jackson became the military governor of the Florida territory. In Florida history there have been 33 Democratic and 7 Republican governors, while there has been one governor of each the Whig, Conservative and Prohibition parties. There was also one unaffiliated governor. The 44th and current governor is Republican Charlie Crist, who became governor on January 2, 2007.

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Contents

Gubernatorial powers

The Florida Constitution vests the executive power of the state in a Governor of Florida. As the chief executive, the governor serves as chairman of the Florida Cabinet. The governor has the power to execute Florida's laws and to call out the state militia to preserve the public peace, being Commander-in-Chief of the state's military forces when they are not in the active service of the United States. At least once every legislative session, the Governor is required to deliver an address to the Florida Legislature, referred to as the "State of the State Address", regarding the condition and operation of the state government and to suggest new legislation. The Governor is elected by popular election every four years, and may serve a maximum of two terms in a row. There is no lifetime limit on the number of times he or she may be elected, but a governor who has been elected to two consecutive terms must be out of office for at least one election cycle before being eligible once again for re-election.

Gubernatorial elections and term of office

Governors are elected by statewide popular ballot and serve a term of four years. There is no lifetime limit on the number of times he or she may be elected, but a governor who has been elected to two consecutive terms must be out of office for at least one election cycle before being eligible once again for re-election. Governors take office on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in January after their election.

When elected, the governor must be an elector no less than thirty years of age who has resided in the state for the preceding seven years.

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Gubernatorial removal

The governor can be impeached for "misdemeanor in office" by the State Legislature, and convicted and thereby removed from office by a two-thirds vote of the State Senate.

Governors

Military governor

Spanish Florida was acquired from Spain in the Adams-Onís Treaty, which took effect July 10, 1821. The region was initially governed by the commander of the military force that had helped secure American influence in the region.

# Governor Picture Took Office Left Office President Notes
1 Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson.jpg March 10, 1821 December 31, 1821 James Monroe [1][2]

Governors of Florida Territory

Florida Territory was organized on March 30, 1822.

# Governor Picture Took Office Left Office Party Appointed By
1 William Duval William Pope Duval gv00-51.jpg April 17, 1822 April 24, 1834 James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson
2 John Eaton John Eaton.jpg April 24, 1834 March 16, 1836 Democratic Andrew Jackson
3 Richard Call Richardkeithcall.jpg March 16, 1836 December 2, 1839 Andrew Jackson
4 Robert R. Reid Robert Raymond Reid.png December 2, 1839 March 19, 1841 Martin Van Buren
5 Richard Call Richardkeithcall.jpg March 19, 1841 August 11, 1844 William Henry Harrison, John Tyler
6 John Branch JohnBranch2.jpg August 11, 1844 June 25, 1845 Democratic John Tyler

Governors of Florida

The State of Florida was admitted to the union on March 3, 1845.

# Governor Picture Took Office Left Office Party Lt. Governor Notes
1 William D. Moseley 8 Moseley.jpg June 25, 1845 October 1, 1849 Democratic
2 Thomas Brown Thomas Brown Florida.jpg October 1, 1849 October 13, 1853 Whig
3 James E. Broome October 3, 1853 October 5, 1857 Democratic
4 Madison S. Perry October 5, 1857 October 7, 1861 Democratic
5 John Milton October 7, 1861 April 1, 1865 Democratic [3]
6 Abraham K. Allison Abraham K Allison.jpg April 1, 1865 May 19, 1865 Democratic [4][5]
7 William Marvin William Marvin gv000486.jpg July 13, 1865 December 20, 1865 None [6]
8 David S. Walker DavidSWalker.jpg December 20, 1865 July 4, 1868 Conservative [7]
9 Harrison Reed July 4, 1868 January 7, 1873 Republican [8]
10 Ossian B. Hart Ossian B Hart gv000469.jpg January 7, 1873 March 18, 1874 Republican [9]
11 Marcellus L. Sterns Marcellus Stearns.png March 18, 1874 January 2, 1877 Republican [10]
12 George F. Drew January 2, 1877 January 4, 1881 Democratic
13 William D. Bloxham William Bloxham.jpg January 4, 1881 January 7, 1885 Democratic
14 Edward A. Perry GovEAPerry.jpg January 7, 1885 January 8, 1889 Democratic
15 Francis P. Fleming January 8, 1889 January 3, 1893 Democratic
16 Henry L. Mitchell Henry L Mitchell.jpg January 3, 1893 January 5, 1897 Democratic
17 William D. Bloxham William Bloxham.jpg January 5, 1897 January 8, 1901 Democratic
18 William S. Jennings William Sherman Jennings.jpg January 8, 1901 January 3, 1905 Democratic
19 Napoleon B. Broward Napoleon Bonaparte Broward.jpg January 3, 1905 January 5, 1909 Democratic
20 Albert W. Gilchrist Albert W Gilchrist.jpg January 5, 1909 January 7, 1913 Democratic
21 Park Trammell Park Trammell.jpg January 7, 1913 January 2, 1917 Democratic
22 Sidney Johnston Catts Sidney Johnston Catts.jpg January 2, 1917 January 4, 1921 Prohibition
23 Cary A. Hardee January 4, 1921 January 6, 1925 Democratic
24 John W. Martin January 6, 1925 January 8, 1929 Democratic
25 Doyle E. Carlton January 8, 1929 January 3, 1933 Democratic
26 David Sholtz 33 Sholtz.jpg January 4, 1933 January 5, 1937 Democratic
27 Fred P. Cone January 5, 1937 January 7, 1941 Democratic
28 Spessard Holland Spessard Holland.JPG January 7, 1941 January 2, 1945 Democratic
29 Millard F. Caldwell Millard Caldwell.JPG January 2, 1945 January 4, 1949 Democratic
30 Fuller Warren 37 Warren.jpg January 4, 1949 January 6, 1953 Democratic
31 Daniel T. McCarty 38 McCarty.jpg January 6, 1953 September 28, 1953 Democratic [9]
32 Charley E. Johns 39 Johns.jpg September 28, 1953 January 4, 1955 Democratic [4]
33 LeRoy Collins LeRoy Collins sl148.jpg January 4, 1955 January 3, 1961 Democratic
34 C. Farris Bryant January 3, 1961 January 5, 1965 Democratic
35 W. Haydon Burns 42 Burns.jpg January 5, 1965 January 3, 1967 Democratic
36 Claude R. Kirk, Jr. 43 Kirk.jpg January 3, 1967 January 5, 1971 Republican Ray C. Osborn
37 Reubin O'D. Askew January 5, 1971 January 2, 1979 Democratic Thomas Burton Adams, Jr.
J.H. Williams
38 Bob Graham Bob Graham, official Senate photo portrait, color.jpg January 2, 1979 January 3, 1987 Democratic Wayne Mixson [11]
39 Wayne Mixson WayneMixson.jpg January 3, 1987 January 6, 1987 Democratic vacant [10]
40 Bob Martinez Bobmartinez.jpg January 6, 1987 January 8, 1991 Republican Bobby Brantley
41 Lawton M. Chiles, Jr. 48 Chiles.jpg January 8, 1991 December 12, 1998 Democratic Kenneth H. "Buddy" MacKay, Jr. [9]
42 Buddy MacKay 49 Mackay.jpg December 12, 1998 January 5, 1999 Democratic vacant [10]
43 Jeb Bush Gov Jeb Bush.jpg January 5, 1999 January 2, 2007 Republican Frank Brogan
Toni Jennings
44 Charlie Crist Gov charlie crist.jpg January 2, 2007 Incumbent Republican Jeff Kottkamp [12]

Other high offices held

This is a table of congressional and other federal offices held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Florida except where noted.

* Denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.
† Denotes those offices from which the governor resigned to take the governorship.
Governor Gubernatorial term U.S. Congress Other offices held
House Senate
Andrew Jackson 1821 (Military) H S U.S. Representative and Senator from Tennessee, 7th President of the United States
William P. Duval 1822–1834 (Territorial) U.S. Representative from Kentucky
John Eaton 1834–1836 (Territorial) S U.S. Senator from Tennessee, Ambassador to Spain, U.S. Secretary of War
Richard K. Call 1836–1839, 1841–1844 (Territorial) Florida Territorial Delegate
Robert R. Reid 1839–1841 (Territorial) H U.S. Representative from Georgia
John Branch 1844–1845 (Territorial) S U.S. Senator from North Carolina, Governor of North Carolina, U.S. Secretary of the Navy
William Marvin 1865 Federal district court judge; elected to the U.S. Senate but was refused seat
David S. Walker 1865-1868 Florida Supreme Court justice
Ossian B. Hart 1873–1874 Florida Supreme Court justice
Henry L. Mitchell 1893–1897 Florida Supreme Court justice
Park Trammell 1913–1917 S
Spessard Holland 1941–1945 S
Millard F. Caldwell 1945–1949 H Florida Supreme Court justice
Robert Graham 1979–1987 S*
Lawton M. Chiles, Jr. 1991–1998 S
Kenneth H. "Buddy" MacKay, Jr. 1998–1999 H Special envoy of President Bill Clinton's administration for the Americas

Living former governors

As of December 2009, seven former governors were alive, the oldest being Wayne Mixson (served 1987, born 1922). The most recent governor to die was C. Farris Bryant (1961–1965), on March 1, 2002. The most recently-serving governor to die was Lawton Chiles (1991–1998), in office on December 12, 1998.

Name Gubernatorial term Date of birth
Claude R. Kirk, Jr. 1967–1971 January 7, 1926 (1926-01-07) (age 84)
Reubin O'D. Askew 1971–1979 September 11, 1928 (1928-09-11) (age 81)
D. Robert Graham 1979–1987 November 9, 1936 (1936-11-09) (age 73)
Wayne Mixson 1987 June 16, 1922 (1922-06-16) (age 87)
Robert Martinez 1987–1991 December 25, 1934 (1934-12-25) (age 75)
Kenneth Hood "Buddy" MacKay, Jr. 1998–1999 March 22, 1933 (1933-03-22) (age 76)
John Ellis "Jeb" Bush 1999–2007 February 11, 1953 (1953-02-11) (age 57)

Gubernatorial facts

Age and longevity

  • Reubin Askew and Jeb Bush are the only governors who served two full four-year terms.
    • Bob Graham and Lawton Chiles were also re-elected, but Graham resigned several days before the end of his 2nd term to become a U.S. Senator and Chiles died during the final month of his 2nd term.
  • Shortest serving governor: Wayne Mixson - three days (3-6 January 1987) after Bob Graham's resignation to take his U.S. Senate seat and before the inauguration of Bob Martinez.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Andrew Jackson's official title was "Commissioner of the United States".
  2. ^ Jackson left Florida on October 8, 1821. His resignation was submitted on November 13, 1821 from his home in Alabama. The President accepted it on December 31, 1821.
  3. ^ Died in office; Milton committed suicide due to the pending defeat of the Confederate States of America.
  4. ^ a b As president of state senate, filled unexpired term.
  5. ^ Resigned from office to go into hiding from approaching Union troops.
  6. ^ Appointed by President Andrew Johnson following the American Civil War.
  7. ^ Appointed by President Andrew Johnson during Reconstruction.
  8. ^ Harrison Reed was popularly elected, and assumed office on June 8, 1868; it was not until July 4, 1868, however, that the military commander of Florida, still under Reconstruction, recognized the validity of the state constitution and the election.
  9. ^ a b c Died in office.
  10. ^ a b c As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term.
  11. ^ Resigned to take elected seat in the United States Senate.
  12. ^ Governor Crist's first term expires January 4, 2011; he is not yet term limited.

External links



Simple English

The head of the government of the state of Florida is called the Governor of Florida. He is not the head of all parts of the government, but is like the state's president, and is head of the executive branch of the state, which is where decisions about running the state are made. He can also give orders to the military people of the state.

The Governor of Florida is elected every four years.

The territory of Florida was transferred from Spain to the United States on July 10 1821. Before that, governors were assigned by the government of Spain.

No governors were elected between 1821 until 1845. During that period, there were five military governors: William Duval (April 17 1822 - April 24 1834), John Eaton (April 24 1834 - March 16 1836), Richard Call (March 16 1836 - December 2 1839), Robert R. Reid (December 2 1839 - March 19 1841), Richard Call (his 2nd time) (March 19 1841 - August 11 1844), and John Branch (August 11 1844 - June 25 1845).

Florida acceded to statehood on March 3 1845. These are the governors of the State of Florida:

#NameTook OfficeLeft OfficeParty
1 William D. Moseley June 25 1845 October 1 1849 Democratic
2 Thomas Brown October 1 1849 October 13 1853 Whig
3 James E. Broome October 3 1853 October 5 1857 Democratic
4 Madison S. Perry October 5 1857 October 7 1861 Democratic
5 John Milton October 7 1861 April 1 1865 Democratic
6 Abraham K. Allison April 1 1865 May 19 1865 Democratic
7 William Marvin July 13 1865 December 20 1865 none
8 David S. Walker December 20 1865 July 4 1868 Conservative
9 Harrison Reed July 4 1868 January 7 1873 Republican
10 Ossian B. Hart January 7 1873 March 18 1874 Republican
11 Marcellus L. Sterns March 18 1874 January 2 1877 Republican
12 George F. Drew January 2 1877 January 4 1881 Democratic
13 William D. Bloxham January 4 1881 January 7 1885 Democratic
14 Edward A. Perry January 7 1885 January 8 1889 Democratic
15 Francis P. Fleming January 8 1889 January 3 1893 Democratic
16 Henry L. Mitchell January 3 1893 January 5 1897 Democratic
17 William D. Bloxham January 5 1897 January 8 1901 Democratic
18 William S. Jennings January 8 1901 January 3 1905 Democratic
19 Napoleon B. Broward January 3 1905 January 5 1909 Democratic
20 Albert W. Gilchrist January 5 1909 January 7 1913 Democratic
21 Park Trammell January 7 1913 January 2 1917 Democratic
22 Sidney Johnston Catts January 2 1917 January 4 1921 Prohibition
23 Cary A. Hardee January 4 1921 January 6 1925 Democratic
24 John W. Martin January 6 1925 January 8 1929 Democratic
25 Doyle E. Carlton January 8 1929 January 3 1933 Democratic
26 David Sholtz January 4 1933 January 5 1937 Democratic
27 Fred P. Cone January 5 1937 January 7 1941 Democratic
28 Spessard Holland January 7 1941 January 2 1945 Democratic
29 Millard F. Caldwell January 2 1945 January 4 1949 Democratic
30 Fuller Warren January 4 1949 January 6 1953 Democratic
31 Daniel T. McCarty January 6 1953 September 28 1953 Democratic
32 Charley E. Johns September 28 1953 January 4 1955 Democratic
33 T. LeRoy Collins January 4 1955 January 3 1961 Democratic
34 C. Farris Bryant January 3 1961 January 5 1965 Democratic
35 W. Haydon Burns January 5 1965 January 3 1967 Democratic
36 Claude R. Kirk, Jr. January 3 1967 January 5 1971 Republican
37 Reubin O'D. Askew January 5 1971 January 2 1979 Democratic
38 D. Robert Graham January 2 1979 January 3 1987 Democratic
39 Wayne Mixson January 3 1987 January 6 1987 Democratic
40 Robert Martinez January 6 1987 January 8 1991 Republican
41 Lawton M. Chiles, Jr. January 8 1991 December 12 1998 Democratic
42 Kenneth H. "Buddy" MacKay, Jr. December 12 1998 January 5 1999 Democratic
43 John Ellis "Jeb" Bush January 5 1999 January 2 2007 Republican
44 Charles Joseph "Charlie" Crist, Jr. January 2 2007 Incumbent Republican


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