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The following is a list of the Governors and Governors General of Canada. Though the present day office of the Governor General in Canada came into being only upon Canadian Confederation in 1867, it is generally accepted that the institution is a continuation from the first governorship of New France in 1608.[1]

Contents

Governors of New France, 1627-1663

# Name Image Governor from Governor until
Governors under Louis XIII (1627 – 1643):
1 Samuel de Champlain GG-Champlain.jpg 1627 1635
2 Charles de Montmagny Can GG NoPic.svg 1635
Governors under Louis XIV (1643 – 1663):
2 Charles de Montmagny Can GG NoPic.svg 1648
3 Louis d'Ailleboust de Coulonge Can GG NoPic.svg 1648 1651
4 Jean de Lauson Can GG NoPic.svg 1651 1657
5 Le vicompte de Mouzay Can GG NoPic.svg 1658 1661
6 Le baron d'Avaugour Can GG NoPic.svg 1661 1663

Governors General of New France, 1663-1760

# Name Image Governor from Governor until
Governors under Louis XIV (1663 – 1715):
7 Augustin de Saffray de Mésy Can GG NoPic.svg 1663 1665
8 Daniel de Rémy de Courcelle Can GG NoPic.svg 1665 1672
9 Le comte de Frontenac et de Palluau Can GG NoPic.svg 1672 1682
10 Joseph-Antoine de La Barre Can GG NoPic.svg 1682 1685
11 Le marquis de Denonville Can GG NoPic.svg 1685 1689
9 Le comte de Frontenac Can GG NoPic.svg 1689 1698
12 Louis-Hector de Callière Can GG NoPic.svg 1698 1703
13 Le marquis de Vaudreuil GG-Vaudreuil.jpg 1703
Governors under Louis XV (1715 – 1760):
13 Le marquis de Vaudreuil GG-Vaudreuil.jpg 1725
14 Le marquis de Beauharnois Can GG NoPic.svg 1725 1747
15 Le comte de La Galissonnière La Galissonière-French school 18th century img 3172.jpg 1747 1749
16 Le marquis de la Jonquière GG-Jonquiere.jpg 1749 1752
17 Le marquis du Quesne GG-Quesne.jpg 1752 1755
18 Le marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnal GG-Vaudreuil2.jpg 1755 1760

Governors of the Province of Quebec, 1760-1786

# Name Image Governor from Governor until
Governors under King George III (1760 – 1786):
19 Sir Jeffrey Amherst GG-Jeffrey Amherst.jpg 1760 1763
20 James Murray GG-James Murray.jpg 1764 1768
21 Sir Guy Carleton
KB
General-Sir-Guy-Carleton 2.jpg 1768 1778
22 Sir Frederick Haldimand
KB
Sir Frederick Haldimand by Sir Joshua Reynolds.jpg 1778 1786

Governors-in-Chief/Governors General of The Canadas, 1786-1820

# Name Image Governor from Governor until
Governors under King George III (1786 – 1820):
23 The Lord Dorchester
KB
General-Sir-Guy-Carleton 2.jpg 1786 1796
24 Robert Prescott GG-Robert Prescott.jpg 1796 1799
25 Sir Robert Milnes GG-Milnes.jpg 1799 1805
26 Thomas Dunn Can GG NoPic.svg 1805 1807
27 Sir James Henry Craig
KB
GG-James Henry Craig.jpg 1807 1811
28 Sir George Prévost
Bt
GG-George Prevost.jpg 1811 1815
29 Sir Gordon Drummond GG-Drummond.jpg 1815 1816
30 Sir John Coape Sherbrooke GG-John Coape Sherbrooke.jpg 1816 1818
31 The Duke of Richmond
KG PC
GG-Charles Lennox.jpg 1818 1820
32 The Earl of Dalhousie
GCB
GG-George Ramsay.jpg 1820
Governors under King George IV (1820 – 1830):
32 The Earl of Dalhousie
GCB
GG-George Ramsay.jpg 1828
33 Sir James Kempt
GCB
Sir James Kempt by William Salter cropped 5 6 ratio.jpg 1828 1830
Governors under King William IV (1830 – 1837):
34 The Lord Aylmer GG-Matthew Whitworth-Aylmer.jpg 1830 1835
35 The Earl of Gosford
GCB
GG-Archibald Acheson.jpg 1835
Governors under Queen Victoria (1837 – 1840):
35 The Earl of Gosford[n 1]
GCB
GG-Archibald Acheson.jpg 1837
36 Sir John Colborne[n 1]
GCB GCMG GCH AdC(P)
GG-John Colborne.jpg 1837 1838
37 The Earl of Durham GG-John George Lambton.jpg 1838 1839
38 The Lord Sydenham
PC
GG-Charles Poulett Thomson.jpg 1839 1840

Governors General of the Province of Canada, 1840-1867

# Name Image Governor from Governor until
Governors under Queen Victoria (1840 – 1867):
38 The Lord Sydenham
PC
GG-Charles Poulett Thomson.jpg 1840 1841
39 Sir Charles Bagot GG-Charles Bagot.jpg 1842 1843
40 Sir Charles Metcalfe
Bt PC
GG-Charles T. Metcalfe.jpg 1843 1845
41 The Earl Cathcart
GCB
GG-Charles Murray Cathcart.jpg 1846 1847
42 The Earl of Elgin and Kincardine
PC GCB
GG-James Bruce Elgin.jpg 1847 1854
43 Sir Edmund Walker Head
Bt KCB
GG-Edmund Walker Head.jpg 1854 1861
44 The Viscount Monck
PC GCMG
GG-Charles Monck.jpg 1861 1867

Governors General of Canada, 1867-present

# Name Image Governor from Governor until
Governors under Queen Victoria (1867 – 1901):
44 The Viscount Monck
PC GCMG
GG-Charles Monck.jpg 1 July 1867 2 February 1869
45 The Lord Lisgar
PC GCB GCMG
GG-John Young.jpg 2 February 1869 25 June 1872
46 The Earl of Dufferin
KP PC GCB GCMG
GG-Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood.jpg 25 June 1872 25 November 1878
47 The Marquess of Lorne
KG KT PC GCMG GCVO
GG-John Campbell.jpg 25 November 1878 23 October 1883
48 The Marquess of Lansdowne
KG PC GCMG
GG-Henry Petty-FitzMaurice.jpg 23 October 1883 11 June 1888
49 The Lord Stanley of Preston
KG PC GCB GCVO
GG-Frederick Stanley.jpg 11 June 1888 18 September 1893
50 The Earl of Aberdeen
KT PC GCMG GCVO
GG-John Hamilton-Gordon.jpg 18 September 1893 12 November 1898
51 The Earl of Minto
KG PC GCMG
GG-Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound.jpg 12 November 1898
Governors under King Edward VII (1901 – 1910):
51 The Earl of Minto
KG PC GCMG
GG-Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound.jpg 10 December 1904
52 The Earl Grey
PC GCMG GCVO
GG-Albert Grey.jpg 10 December 1904
Governors under King George V (1910 – 1936):
52 The Earl Grey
PC GCMG GCVO
GG-Albert Grey.jpg 13 October 1911
53 HRH The Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
KG KT KP PC GCMG GCSI GCIE GCVO GCB VD AdC(P)
GG-Prince Arthur.jpg 13 October 1911 11 November 1916
54 The Duke of Devonshire
KG PC GCMG GCVO JP
GG-Victor Cavendish.jpg 11 November 1916 11 August 1921
55 The Lord Byng of Vimy
GCB GCMG MVO
GG-Julian Byng.jpg 11 August 1921 2 October 1926
56 The Marquess of Willingdon
PC GCSI GCMG GCIE GBE
GG-Freeman Freeman-Thomas.jpg 2 October 1926 4 April 1931
57 The Earl of Bessborough
PC GCMG
GG-Vere Ponsonby.jpg 4 April 1931 2 November 1935
58 The Lord Tweedsmuir
PC CH GCMG GCVO
GG-John Buchan.jpg 2 November 1935
Governors under King Edward VIII (1936):
58 The Lord Tweedsmuir
PC CH GCMG GCVO
GG-John Buchan.jpg
Governors under King George VI (1936 – 1952):
58 The Lord Tweedsmuir
PC CH GCMG GCVO
GG-John Buchan.jpg 11 February 1940
59 The Earl of Athlone
KG PC GCB GMMG GCVO DSO AdC(P) FRS
GG-Alexander Cambridge.jpg 21 June 1940 12 April 1946
60 The Viscount Alexander of Tunis
KG PC PC GCB OM GCMG CSI DSO MC CD
GG-Harold Alexander.jpg 12 April 1946
Governors under Queen Elizabeth II (1952 – Present):
60 The Viscount Alexander of Tunis
KG PC PC GCB OM GCMG CSI DSO MC CD
GG-Harold Alexander.jpg 28 February 1952
61 Vincent Massey
PC CH CD FRSC(hon)
Can GG NoPic.svg 28 February 1952 15 September 1959
62 Georges Vanier
PC DSO MC* CD
Vanier.jpg 15 September 1959 5 March 1967
63 Roland Michener
PC CC CMM CD QC FRHSC
Can GG NoPic.svg 17 April 1967 14 January 1974
64 Jules Léger
CC CMM CD
Can GG NoPic.svg 14 January 1974 22 January 1979
65 Edward Schreyer
CC CMM CD
Can GG NoPic.svg 22 January 1979 14 May 1984
66 Jeanne Sauvé
PC CC CMM CD
Can GG NoPic.svg 14 May 1984 29 January 1990
67 Ray Hnatyshyn
PC CC CMM CD QC FRHSC(hon)
Can GG NoPic.svg 29 January 1990 8 February 1995
68 Roméo LeBlanc
PC CC CMM CD
Can GG NoPic.svg 8 February 1995 7 October 1999
69 Adrienne Clarkson
CC CMM COM CD
GG-Adrienne Clarkson.jpg 7 October 1999 27 September 2005
70 Michaëlle Jean
CC CMM COM CD FRCPSC( hon)
GG-Michaelle Jean.jpg 27 September 2005

Administrators

The following is a list of Administrators of the Government, who were acting governors appointed as the result of the death or prolonged absence of the sitting viceroy, or for any other reason:

# Name Image Date Reason
1 Sir Lyman Poore Duff
Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
Lyman Poore Duff.jpg 1931 Served between the departure of The Earl of Bessborough for India and the arrival of The Lord Tweedsmuir.
1 Sir Lyman Poore Duff
Chief Justice of Canada
Lyman Poore Duff.jpg 1940 Served following the death of The Lord Tweedsmuir.
2 Thibaudeau Rinfret
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
Can GG NoPic.svg 1952 Served after the appointment of The Earl Alexander of Tunis to the British Cabinet until the appointment of Vincent Massey as his successor.
3 Robert Taschereau
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
Robert Taschereau.png 1967 Served following the death of Georges Vanier.
4 Beverley McLachlin
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
Beverley McLachlin.jpg 2005 Served for several weeks in July, while Adrienne Clarkson was hospitalized for heart surgery.
5 John C. Major
Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada
Can GG NoPic.svg 2005 Served on behalf of Adrienne Clarkson, from the morning of 27 September until the installation of Michaëlle Jean the same day.[2]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Lord Gosford resigned in November 1837, during the Lower Canada Rebellion. Colborne was raised to commander in chief of British forces and acting governor general to put down the 1837 Rebellions and restore order in both Upper Canada and Lower Canada. He remained in place until Lord Durham's arrival.

References

  1. ^ Office of the Governor General of Canada. "Governor General > Role and Responsibilities". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.gg.ca/gg/rr/index_e.asp. Retrieved 15 July 2009.  
  2. ^ Fidelis (2005). "The Installation of the Governor General in 2005: Innovation and Evolution?". Canadian Monarchist News (Toronto: Monarchist League of Canada) Fall-Winter 2005 (24): 4. http://www.monarchist.ca/cmn/2005/AutumnWinter_2005_CMN.pdf. Retrieved 15 July 2009.  

External links

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