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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Governor of Maine is the chief executive of the U.S. state of Maine[1] and the commander-in-chief of its military forces.[2] The governor has a duty to enforce state laws,[3] and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Maine Legislature[4], to convene the legislature at any time,[5] and, except in cases of impeachment, to grant pardons.[6]

The Maine Constitution of 1820 originally established a gubernatorial term of one year,[7] to begin on the first Wednesday of January; constitutional amendments expanded this to two years in 1879[8] and to four years in 1957.[9] The 1957 amendment also prohibited governors from succeeding themselves after serving two terms.[9] The constitution does not establish an office of lieutenant governor; a vacancy in the office of governor is filled by the president of the Maine Senate.[10] Prior to an amendment in 1964, the president of the senate only acted as governor.[11][12]

There have been 73 governors of Maine since statehood. The longest-serving governor was Joseph E. Brennan, who served two terms from 1979 to 1987. The shortest-serving governor was Nathaniel M. Haskell, who served only 25 hours in 1953 when the senate term of his predecessor, who was acting as governor, expired. The current governor is Democrat John Baldacci, who took office on January 8, 2003 and is serving his second term.

Contents

Governors

Albion K. Parris, 5th Governor of Maine
David Dunn, 18th Governor of Maine
Anson Morrill, 24th Governor of Maine
Hannibal Hamlin, 26th Governor of Maine, and 15th Vice President of the United States
Lot M. Morrill, 28th Governor of Maine, and 31st U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
Joshua Chamberlain, 32nd Governor of Maine
Llewellyn Powers, 44th Governor of Maine
Owen Brewster, 54th Governor of Maine
Edmund Muskie, 64th Governor of Maine, 58th U.S. Secretary of State, and 1972 Democratic presidential candidate
Joseph E. Brennan, 70th Governor of Maine
For the period before statehood, see the list of Governors of Massachusetts

Maine was admitted to the Union on March 15, 1820, as the 23rd state. Before then, it was the District of Maine, part of the state of Massachusetts.

      Democratic-Republican (6)       Democratic (23)       National Republican (1)       Whig (4)       Republican (37)       Independent (2)
(Above numbering includes repeat governors; one Whig, one Republican, and two Democrats served two distinct terms)

# Governor Party Took office Left office Term Notes
1   William King Democratic-Republican March 15, 1820 May 28, 1821 1 [N 1]
2 William D. Williamson Democratic-Republican May 28, 1821 December 5, 1821 [N 2][N 3]
3 Benjamin Ames Democratic-Republican December 5, 1821 January 2, 1822 [N 4][N 5]
4 Daniel Rose Democratic-Republican January 2, 1822 January 5, 1822 [N 6]
5 Albion K. Parris Democratic-Republican January 5, 1822 January 3, 1827 2
3
4
5
6
6 Enoch Lincoln Democratic-Republican January 3, 1827 October 8, 1829 7 [N 7]
8
9
7 Nathan Cutler Democratic October 8, 1829 January 6, 1830 [N 8]
8 Joshua Hall Democratic January 6, 1830 February 9, 1830 [N 4]
9 Jonathan G. Hunton National Republican February 9, 1830 January 5, 1831 10
10 Samuel E. Smith Democratic January 5, 1831 January 1, 1834 11
12
13
11 Robert P. Dunlap Democratic January 1, 1834 January 3, 1838 14
15
16
17
12 Edward Kent Whig January 19, 1838 January 2, 1839 18 [N 9]
13 John Fairfield Democratic January 2, 1839 January 12, 1841 19 [N 10]
20
14 Richard H. Vose Whig January 12, 1841 January 13, 1841 [N 6]
15 Edward Kent Whig January 13, 1841 January 5, 1842 21
16 John Fairfield Democratic January 5, 1842 March 7, 1843 22 [N 11]
23
17 Edward Kavanagh Democratic March 7, 1843 January 1, 1844 [N 2][N 12]
18 David Dunn Democratic January 1, 1844 January 3, 1844 [N 4][N 13]
19 John W. Dana Democratic January 3, 1844 January 3, 1844 [N 6]
20 Hugh J. Anderson Democratic January 3, 1844 May 12, 1847 24
25
26
21 John W. Dana Democratic May 12, 1847 May 8, 1850 27
28
29
22 John Hubbard Democratic May 8, 1850 January 5, 1853 30
31
32
23 William G. Crosby Whig January 5, 1853 January 3, 1855 33
34
24 Anson Morrill Republican January 3, 1855 January 2, 1856 35
25 Samuel Wells Democratic January 2, 1856 January 8, 1857 36
26 Hannibal Hamlin Republican January 8, 1857 February 25, 1857 37 [N 11]
27 Joseph H. Williams Republican February 25, 1857 January 6, 1858 [N 6]
28 Lot M. Morrill Republican January 6, 1858 January 2, 1861 38
39
40
29 Israel Washburn, Jr. Republican January 2, 1861 January 7, 1863 41
42
30 Abner Coburn Republican January 7, 1863 January 6, 1864 42
31 Samuel Cony Republican January 6, 1864 January 2, 1867 43
44
45
32 Joshua Chamberlain Republican January 2, 1867 January 4, 1871 46
47
48
49
33 Sidney Perham Republican January 4, 1871 January 7, 1874 50
51
52
34 Nelson Dingley, Jr. Republican January 7, 1874 January 5, 1876 53
54
35 Seldon Connor Republican January 5, 1876 January 8, 1879 55
56
57
36 Alonzo Garcelon Democratic January 8, 1879 January 17, 1880 58
37 Daniel F. Davis Republican January 17, 1880 January 13, 1881 59
38 Harris M. Plaisted Democratic January 13, 1881 January 3, 1883 60
39 Frederick Robie Republican January 3, 1883 January 5, 1887 61
62
40 Joseph R. Bodwell Republican January 5, 1887 December 15, 1887 63 [N 7]
41 Sebastian Streeter Marble Republican December 15, 1887 January 2, 1889 [N 6]
42 Edwin C. Burleigh Republican January 2, 1889 January 4, 1893 64
65
42 Henry B. Cleaves Republican January 4, 1893 January 2, 1897 66
67
44 Llewellyn Powers Republican January 2, 1897 January 2, 1901 68
69
45 John Fremont Hill Republican January 2, 1901 January 4, 1905 70
71
46 William T. Cobb Republican January 4, 1905 January 6, 1909 72
73
47 Bert M. Fernald Republican January 6, 1909 January 4, 1911 74
48 Frederick W. Plaisted Democratic January 4, 1911 January 1, 1913 75
49 William T. Haines Republican January 1, 1913 January 6, 1915 76
50 Oakley C. Curtis Democratic January 6, 1915 January 3, 1917 77
51 Carl E. Milliken Republican January 3, 1917 January 5, 1921 78
79
52 Frederic Hale Parkhurst Republican January 5, 1921 January 31, 1921 79 [N 7]
53 Percival Proctor Baxter Republican January 31, 1921 January 7, 1925 [N 14]
80
54 Owen Brewster Republican January 7, 1925 January 2, 1929 81
82
55 William Tudor Gardiner Republican January 2, 1929 January 4, 1933 83
84
56 Louis J. Brann Democratic January 4, 1933 January 6, 1937 85
86
57 Lewis O. Barrows Republican January 6, 1937 January 1, 1941 87
88
58 Sumner Sewall Republican January 1, 1941 January 3, 1945 89
90
59 Horace A. Hildreth Republican January 3, 1945 January 5, 1949 91
92
60 Frederick G. Payne Republican January 5, 1949 December 24, 1952 93 [N 11]
94
61 Burton M. Cross Republican December 24, 1952 January 6, 1953 [N 8]
62 Nathaniel M. Haskell Republican January 6, 1953 January 7, 1953 [N 15]
63 Burton M. Cross Republican January 7, 1953 January 5, 1955 95
64 Edmund Muskie Democratic January 5, 1955 January 2, 1959 96 [N 11]
97
65 Robert Haskell Republican January 2, 1959 January 7, 1959 [N 6]
66 Clinton Clauson Democratic January 7, 1959 December 30, 1959 98 [N 7]
67 John H. Reed Republican December 30, 1959 January 5, 1967 [N 14]
99
100
68 Kenneth M. Curtis Democratic January 5, 1967 January 2, 1975 101
102
69 James B. Longley Independent January 2, 1975 January 3, 1979 103
70 Joseph E. Brennan Democratic January 3, 1979 January 7, 1987 104
105
71 John R. McKernan, Jr. Republican January 7, 1987 January 5, 1995 106
107
72 Angus King Independent January 5, 1995 January 8, 2003 108
109
73 John Baldacci Democratic January 8, 2003 incumbent 110 [N 16]
111

Other high offices held

This is a table of congressional seats and other federal offices held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Maine except where noted.

denotes an office that the governor resigned to take.
† denotes those offices that the governor resigned to be governor.
Governor Gubernatorial term Other offices held Sources
Williamson, William D.William D. Williamson 1821 Representative [16]
Parris, Albion K.Albion K. Parris 1822–1827 Representative from Massachusetts, Senator* [17]
Lincoln, EnochEnoch Lincoln 1827–1829 Representative, Representative from Massachusetts [18]
Dunlap, Robert P.Robert P. Dunlap 1834–1838 Representative [19]
Fairfield, JohnJohn Fairfield 1839–1841, 1842–1843 Representative and Senator* [20]
Kavanagh, EdwardEdward Kavanagh 1843–1844 Representative [21]
Anderson, Hugh J.Hugh J. Anderson 1844–1847 Representative [22]
Morrill, AnsonAnson Morrill 1858–1861 Representative [23]
Hamlin, HannibalHannibal Hamlin 1857 Representative and Senator†*, Minister to Spain, Vice President of the United States [24]
Morrill, Lot M.Lot M. Morrill 1858–1861 Senator, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury [25]
Perham, SidneySidney Perham 1871–1874 Representative [26]
Dingley, Nelson, Jr.Nelson Dingley, Jr. 1874–1876 Representative [27]
Plaisted, Harris M.Harris M. Plaisted 1881–1883 Representative [28]
Burleigh, Edwin C.Edwin C. Burleigh 1889–1893 Representative and Senator [29]
Powers, LlewellynLlewellyn Powers 1897–1901 Representative [30]
Fernald, Bert M.Bert M. Fernald 1909–1911 Senator [31]
Brewster, OwenOwen Brewster 1925–1929 Representative and Senator [32]
Hildreth, Horace A.Horace A. Hildreth 1945–1949 Ambassador to Pakistan [33]
Payne, Frederick G.Frederick G. Payne 1949–1952 Senator* [34]
Muskie, EdmundEdmund Muskie 1955–1959 Senator*, U.S. Secretary of State [35]
Curtis, Kenneth M.Kenneth M. Curtis 1967–1974 Ambassador to Canada [36]
Brennan, Joseph E.Joseph E. Brennan 1979–1987 Representative [37]
McKernan, Jr., John R.John R. McKernan, Jr. 1987–1995 Representative [38]
Baldacci, JohnJohn Baldacci 2003–present Representative [39]

Living former governors

As of January 2010, five former governors are alive. The most recent governor to die was Burton M. Cross (1952–1953, 1953–1955), on October 22, 1998. The most recently-serving governor to die was James B. Longley (1975–1979), on August 16, 1980.

Name Gubernatorial term Date of birth
John H. Reed 1959–1967 January 5, 1921 (1921-01-05) (age 89)
Kenneth M. Curtis 1967–1975 February 8, 1931 (1931-02-08) (age 79)
Joseph E. Brennan 1979–1987 November 2, 1934 (1934-11-02) (age 75)
John R. McKernan, Jr. 1987–1995 May 20, 1948 (1948-05-20) (age 61)
Angus King 1995–2003 March 31, 1944 (1944-03-31) (age 65)

Notes

  1. ^ Resigned to take appointment as a minister to negotiate a treaty with Spain
  2. ^ a b As president of the senate, acted as governor until his resignation
  3. ^ Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States House of Representatives
  4. ^ a b c As speaker of the state house, acted as governor for unexpired term
  5. ^ Once the new Maine Senate was sworn in, Ames saw no purpose in completing the remaining three days of the gubernatorial term and resigned.[13]
  6. ^ a b c d e f As president of the senate, acted as governor for unexpired term
  7. ^ a b c d Died in office
  8. ^ a b As president of the state senate, acted as governor until his senate term expired
  9. ^ Edward Kent won a close election, but Democrats challenged the election. He was finally declared winner by the state supreme court and sworn in on January 19, 1838.
  10. ^ Resigned
  11. ^ a b c d Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate
  12. ^ Resigned due to ill health[14]
  13. ^ Resigned once the new Maine Legislature was sworn in[15]
  14. ^ a b As president of the senate, acted as governor for unexpired term, and was subsequently elected in his own right
  15. ^ Burton Cross had been elected to the governorship, but his Senate term ended 25 hours before his term as governor began; therefore, he could not act as governor for that day. As president of the Senate, Haskell served as acting governor until Cross's inauguration.
  16. ^ Governor Baldacci's term expires on or around January 5, 2011; he is term limited.

References

General
Constitutions
Specific
  1. ^ ME Const. art. V (Pt. I), § 1
  2. ^ ME Const. art. V (Pt. I), § 7
  3. ^ ME Const. art. V (Pt. I), § 12
  4. ^ ME Const. art. IV (Pt. III), § 3
  5. ^ ME Const. art. V (Pt. I), § 13
  6. ^ ME Const. art. V (Pt. I), § 11
  7. ^ ME Const. art. V (Pt. I), § 2, orig.
  8. ^ ME Const. Amend. 23
  9. ^ a b ME Const. Amend. 84
  10. ^ ME Const. art. V (Pt. I), § 14
  11. ^ ME Const. Amend. 97
  12. ^ ME Const. art. V (Pt. I), § 14, orig.
  13. ^ Hallowell Gazette (Maine): p. 2. January 9, 1822. Benjamin Ames to the Maine Legislature, January 2, 1822: "The Senators of the State of Maine, for the present political year, having been qualified to enter upon the duties of their place by having taken and subscribed the oaths required by the constitution, and chosen their President, I have no longer any authority, as I apprehend, to exercise the office of Governor, and therefore resign the same, that it may be filled according to the provisions of the constitution."
  14. ^ Lucey, William Leo (1946). Edward Kavanagh: Catholic, Statesman, Diplomat, from Maine 1795–1844: p. 22. College of the Holy Cross. Reprinted 2006, Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 1428654682.
  15. ^ The Pittsfield Sun (Pittsfield, MA): p. 2. January 11, 1844. "Hon. David Dunn, as Speaker of the House for 1843, entered upon the discharge of the duties of that office on Tuesday, and continued to discharge them until he had completed the administration of the necessary oaths to the members of the Senate and House, yesterday. He then resigned that place, and took his seat in the House."
  16. ^ "Williamson, William Durkee". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=W000554. Retrieved January 30, 2010. 
  17. ^ "Maine Governor Albion Keith Parris". National Governors Association. http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=27bd224971c81010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD&vgnextchannel=e449a0ca9e3f1010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD. Retrieved January 30, 2010. 
  18. ^ "Lincoln, Enoth." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  19. ^ "Dunlap, Robert Pinckney." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  20. ^ "Fairfield, John." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  21. ^ "Kavanaugh, Edward". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=K000022. Retrieved January 30, 2010. 
  22. ^ "Anderson, Hugh Johnston." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  23. ^ "Morrill, Anson Peasley." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  24. ^ "Hamlin, Hannibal." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  25. ^ "Morrill, Lot Myrick." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  26. ^ "Perham, Sydney." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  27. ^ "Dingley, Nelson, Jr." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  28. ^ "Plaisted, Harris Merrill." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  29. ^ "Burleigh, Edwin Chick." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  30. ^ "Powers, Llewellyn." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  31. ^ "Fernald, Bert Manfred." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  32. ^ "Brewster, Ralph Owen." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  33. ^ "Maine Governor Horace Augustus Hildreth." National Governors Association. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  34. ^ "Maine Governor Frederick George Payne". National Governors Association. http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=afebf441ae476010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD&vgnextchannel=e449a0ca9e3f1010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD. Retrieved January 30, 2010. 
  35. ^ "Maine Governor Edmund Sixtus Muskie". National Governors Association. http://www.nga.org/portal/site/nga/menuitem.29fab9fb4add37305ddcbeeb501010a0/?vgnextoid=489cf441ae476010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD&vgnextchannel=e449a0ca9e3f1010VgnVCM1000001a01010aRCRD. Retrieved January 30, 2010. 
  36. ^ "Maine Governor Kenneth M. Curtis." National Governors Association. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  37. ^ "Brennan, Joseph Edward." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  38. ^ "McKernan, John Rettie, Jr." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  39. ^ "Baldacci, John Elias." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
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