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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Governor of New South Wales
Viceroy
Provincial/State
NSW-shield.png
Badge of the Governor
Incumbent:
Marie Bashir


Style: Her Excellency
Appointed by: Elizabeth II
as Queen of Australia
First viceroy: Arthur Phillip
Formation: 7 February 1788
Term: At Her Majesty's pleasure

Standard of the Governor of New South Wales

Aside from the Body Politic of the Crown (i.e. the Queen of Australia), the office of Governor of New South Wales is the oldest constitutional office in Australia. Captain Arthur Phillip assumed office as Governor of New South Wales on 7 February 1788, when the Colony of New South Wales, the first British settlement in Australia, was formally founded. The early colonial governors held an almost autocratic power due to the distance from and poor communications with Great Britain, until 1824 when the New South Wales Legislative Council, Australia's first legislative body, was appointed to advise the governor.[1]

Between 1850 and 1861, the Governor of New South Wales was titled Governor-General in an early attempt at federalism imposed by Earl Grey. All communication between the Australian colonies and the British Government was meant to go through the Governor-General, and the other colonies had Lieutenant-Governors. As South Australia (1836), Tasmania (January 1855) and Victoria (May 1855) obtained responsible government, their Lieutenant-Governors were replaced by Governors. Although he had ceased acting as a Governor-General, Sir William Denison retained the title until his retirement.[2] In accordance with the conventions of the Westminster system of parliamentary government, the Governor nearly always acts solely on the advice of the head of the elected government, the Premier of New South Wales. Nevertheless, the Governor retains the reserve powers of the Crown, and has the right to dismiss the Premier. This power was last exercised in 1932, when Sir Philip Game dismissed Jack Lang.

When the Governor dies, resigns or is absent their duties are carried out by the Lieutenant Governor of New South Wales.

The Governor of New South Wales previously used Government House as a residence, office and official reception space. However, in 1996, at the direction of Premier Bob Carr, the Governor has not used it as a residence. The Governor's present day office is the historic Chief Secretary’s Building nearby, at 121 Macquarie Street. See Governors of the Australian states for a description and history of the office of Governor.

The first Australian-born Governor of New South Wales (or of any Australian state) was Lieutenant General Sir John Northcott (appointed 1946). All subsequent governors of NSW have been Australian-born except for Gordon Samuels, who was born in the United Kingdom but emigrated to Australia at an early age. Northcott's successor, Lieutenant General Sir Eric Woodward (appointed 1957), was the first born in New South Wales.

Contents

List of Governors of New South Wales

No. Governor From To
1 Captain Arthur Phillip RN 23 January 1788 10 December 1792
2 Captain John Hunter RN 11 September 1795 27 September 1800
3 Captain Philip King RN 28 September 1800 12 August 1806
4 Captain William Bligh RN 13 August 1806 26 January 1808
5 Major-General Lachlan Macquarie CB 1 January 1810 1 December 1821
6 Major-General Sir Thomas Brisbane Bt GCH GCB 1 December 1821 1 December 1825
7 Lieutenant-General Sir Ralph Darling GCH 19 December 1825 22 October 1831
8 Major-General Sir Richard Bourke KCB 3 December 1831 5 December 1837
9 Sir George Gipps 24 February 1838 11 July 1846
10 Sir Charles Augustus FitzRoy KCH KCB 3 August 1846 January 1855
11 Sir William Denison KCB 20 January 1855 22 January 1861
12 The Rt Hon. Lord Lisgar GCB GCMG PC 16 May 1861 24 December 1867
13 The Rt Hon. Earl Belmore GCMG PC 8 January 1868 21 February 1872
14 The Rt Hon. Lord Rosmead GCMG 3 June 1872 19 March 1879
15 The Rt Hon. Sir Augustus Loftus GCB PC 4 August 1879 9 November 1885
16 The Most Hon. Marquess of Lincolnshire GCMG PC 12 December 1885 3 November 1890
17 The Rt Hon. Earl of Jersey GCB GCMG PC 15 January 1891 2 March 1893
18 The Rt Hon. Sir Robert Duff GCMG PC 29 May 1893 15 March 1895
19 The Rt Hon. Viscount Hampden GCMG 21 November 1895 5 March 1899
20 The Rt Hon. Earl Beauchamp KG KCMG PC 18 May 1899 30 April 1901
21 Admiral Sir Harry Rawson GCB GCMG RN 27 May 1902 27 May 1909
22 The Rt Hon. Viscount Chelmsford GCMG GCSI GCIE GBE PC 28 May 1909 11 March 1913
23 The Rt Hon. Lord Strickland, Count della Catena GCMG 14 March 1913 27 October 1917
24 Sir Walter Davidson KCMG CBE KStJ 18 February 1918 4 September 1923
25 Admiral Sir Dudley de Chair KCB KBE MVO 28 February 1924 7 April 1930
26 Air Vice-Marshal Sir Philip Game GCB GCVO GBE KCMG DSO 29 May 1930 15 January 1935
27 The Rt Hon. The Earl Gowrie VC GCMG CB DSO PC 21 February 1935 22 January 1936
28 Admiral Sir David Anderson KCB KCMG MVO 6 August 1936 29 October 1936
29 The Rt Hon. Lord Wakehurst KG GCMG OStJ 8 April 1937 8 January 1946
30 Lieutenant General Sir John Northcott KCMG KCVO CB 1 August 1946 31 July 1957
31 Lieutenant General Sir Eric Woodward KCMG KCVO CB CBE DSO 1 August 1957 31 July 1965
32 Sir Roden Cutler VC AK KCMG KCVO CBE 20 January 1966 19 January 1981
33 Air Marshal Sir James Rowland AC KBE DFC AFC 20 January 1981 20 January 1989
34 Rear Admiral Sir David Martin KCMG AO 20 January 1989 7 August 1990
35 Rear Admiral Peter Sinclair AC 8 August 1990 29 February 1996
36 The Hon. Gordon Samuels AC CVO QC 1 March 1996 28 February 2001
37 Professor Marie Bashir AC CVO 1 March 2001 Present

Living former governors

Currently, only one former governor is alive. The most recent governor to die was Gordon Samuels (1996–2001), on 10 December 2007.

Name Term as governor Date of birth
Peter Sinclair 1990–1996 1930

References

  1. ^ NSW Parliament. History of the Legislative Council. Accessed 10 August 2007.
  2. ^ Twomey, Anne (2006). The chameleon Crown: The Queen and her Australian governors. Sydney: The Federation Press. ISBN 978-1-86287-629-3. http://www.federationpress.com.au/bookstore/book.asp?isbn=9781862876293. 

External links


Governor of New South Wales
Viceroy
Provincial/State
[[image:|100px]]
Badge of the Governor
Incumbent:
Marie Bashir

Style:
Her Excellency
Appointed by:
Elizabeth II
as Queen of Australia
First viceroy:
Arthur Phillip
Formation:
7 February 1788

The Governor of New South Wales is the representative in the Australian state of New South Wales of Australia's monarch, Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia. The Governor performs the same constitutional and ceremonial functions at the state level as does the Governor-General of Australia at the national level.

Aside from the Body Politic of the Crown (i.e. the Queen of Australia), the office of Governor of New South Wales is the oldest constitutional office in Australia. Captain Arthur Phillip assumed office as Governor of New South Wales on 7 February 1788, when the Colony of New South Wales, the first British settlement in Australia, was formally founded. The early colonial governors held an almost autocratic power due to the distance from and poor communications with Great Britain, until 1824 when the New South Wales Legislative Council, Australia's first legislative body, was appointed to advise the governor.[1]

Between 1850 and 1861, the Governor of New South Wales was titled Governor-General in an early attempt at federalism imposed by Earl Grey. All communication between the Australian colonies and the British Government was meant to go through the Governor-General, and the other colonies had Lieutenant-Governors. As South Australia (1836), Tasmania (January 1855) and Victoria (May 1855) obtained responsible government, their Lieutenant-Governors were replaced by Governors. Although he had ceased acting as a Governor-General, Sir William Denison retained the title until his retirement.[2] In accordance with the conventions of the Westminster system of parliamentary government, the Governor nearly always acts solely on the advice of the head of the elected government, the Premier of New South Wales. Nevertheless, the Governor retains the reserve powers of the Crown, and has the right to dismiss the Premier. This power was last exercised in 1932, when Sir Philip Game dismissed Jack Lang.

When the Governor dies, resigns or is absent their duties are carried out by the Lieutenant Governor of New South Wales.

The Governor of New South Wales previously used Government House as a residence, office and official reception space. However, in 1996, at the direction of Premier Bob Carr, the Governor has not used it as a residence. The Governor's present day office is the historic Chief Secretary’s Building nearby, at 121 Macquarie Street. See Governors of the Australian states for a description and history of the office of Governor.

The first Australian-born Governor of New South Wales (or of any Australian state) was Lieutenant General Sir John Northcott (appointed 1946). All subsequent governors of NSW have been Australian-born except for Gordon Samuels, who was born in the United Kingdom but emigrated to Australia at an early age. Northcott's successor, Lieutenant General Sir Eric Woodward (appointed 1957), was the first born in New South Wales.

Contents

List of Governors of New South Wales

No. Governor From To
1 Captain Arthur Phillip RN 23 January 1788 10 December 1792
2 Captain John Hunter RN 11 September 1795 27 September 1800
3 Captain Philip King RN 28 September 1800 12 August 1806
4 Captain William Bligh RN 13 August 1806 26 January 1808
5 Major-General Lachlan Macquarie CB 1 January 1810 1 December 1821
6 The Rt Hon. Major-General Sir Thomas Brisbane Bt GCH GCB 1 December 1821 1 December 1825
7 Lieutenant-General Sir Ralph Darling GCH 19 December 1825 22 October 1831
8 Major-General Sir Richard Bourke KCB 3 December 1831 5 December 1837
9 Sir George Gipps 24 February 1838 11 July 1846
10 Sir Charles Augustus FitzRoy KCH KCB 3 August 1846 January 1855
11 Sir William Denison KCB 20 January 1855 22 January 1861
12 The Rt Hon. Lord Lisgar GCB GCMG PC 16 May 1861 24 December 1867
13 The Rt Hon. Earl Belmore GCMG PC 8 January 1868 21 February 1872
14 The Rt Hon. Lord Rosmead GCMG 3 June 1872 19 March 1879
15 The Rt Hon. Lord Augustus Loftus GCB PC 4 August 1879 9 November 1885
16 The Most Hon. Marquess of Lincolnshire GCMG PC 12 December 1885 3 November 1890
17 The Rt Hon. Earl of Jersey GCB GCMG PC 15 January 1891 2 March 1893
18 The Rt Hon. Sir Robert Duff GCMG 29 May 1893 15 March 1895
19 The Rt Hon. Viscount Hampden GCMG 21 November 1895 5 March 1899
20 The Rt Hon. Earl Beauchamp KG KCMG PC 18 May 1899 30 April 1901
21 Admiral Sir Harry Rawson GCB GCMG RN 27 May 1902 27 May 1909
22 The Rt Hon. Viscount Chelmsford GCMG GCSI GCIE GBE PC 28 May 1909 11 March 1913
23 The Rt Hon. Lord Strickland GCMG 14 March 1913 27 October 1917
24 The Rt Hon. Sir Walter Davidson KCMG CBE KStJ 18 February 1918 4 September 1923
25 The Rt Hon. Admiral Sir Dudley de Chair KCB KBE MVO 28 February 1924 7 April 1930
26 Air Vice-Marshal Sir Philip Game GCB GCVO GBE KCMG DSO 29 May 1930 15 January 1935
27 The Rt Hon. The Earl Gowrie VC GCMG CB DSO PC 21 February 1935 22 January 1936
28 Admiral Sir David Anderson KCB KCMG MVO 6 August 1936 29 October 1936
29 The Rt Hon. Lord Wakehurst KG GCMG OStJ 8 April 1937 8 January 1946
30 Lieutenant General Sir John Northcott KCMG KCVO CB 1 August 1946 31 July 1957
31 Lieutenant General Sir Eric Woodward KCMG KCVO CB CBE DSO 1 August 1957 31 July 1965
32 Sir Roden Cutler VC AK KCMG KCVO CBE 20 January 1966 19 January 1981
33 Air Marshal Sir James Rowland AC KBE DFC AFC RAAF 20 January 1981 20 January 1989
34 Rear Admiral Sir David Martin KCMG AO 20 January 1989 7 August 1990
35 Rear Admiral Peter Sinclair AC 8 August 1990 29 February 1996
36 The Hon. Gordon Samuels AC CVO QC 1 March 1996 28 February 2001
37 Professor Marie Bashir, Lady Shehadie AC CVO 1 March 2001 Present

Living former governors

Currently, only one former governor is alive. The most recent governor to die was Gordon Samuels (1996–2001), on 10 December 2007.

Name Term as governor Date of birth
Peter Sinclair 1990–1996 1930

References

  1. ^ NSW Parliament. History of the Legislative Council. Accessed 10 August 2007.
  2. ^ Twomey, Anne (2006). The chameleon Crown: The Queen and her Australian governors. Sydney: The Federation Press. ISBN 978-1-86287-629-3. http://www.federationpress.com.au/bookstore/book.asp?isbn=9781862876293. 

External links



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