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Grace Kelly
Princess consort of Monaco
Tenure April 19, 1956 – September 14, 1982
Spouse Rainier III, Prince of Monaco
Issue
Caroline, Princess of Hanover
Albert II, Prince of Monaco
Princess Stéphanie
Full name
Grace Patricia Kelly
House House of Grimaldi
Father John B. Kelly, Sr.
Mother Margaret Katherine Majer
Born 12 November 1929(1929-11-12)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Died 14 September 1982 (aged 52)
Monaco
Burial Monaco Cathedral
Occupation Actress

Grace Patricia Kelly (November 12, 1929 – September 14, 1982) was an American actress and Princess consort of Monaco. In April 1956, Kelly married Rainier III, Prince of Monaco, and became styled as Her Serene Highness The Princess of Monaco, and was commonly referred to as Princess Grace.

After embarking on an acting career in 1948, at the age of 18, Grace Kelly appeared in New York City theatrical productions as well as in more than forty episodes of live drama productions broadcast during the early 1950s Golden Age of Television. In October 1953, with the release of Mogambo, she became a movie star, a status confirmed in 1954 with a Golden Globe Award and Academy Award nomination as well as leading roles in five films, including The Country Girl, in which she gave a deglamorized, Academy Award-winning performance as Best Actress. Retiring from acting at 26 and entering upon her duties in Monaco, she and Prince Rainier became the parents of three children: Caroline, Albert, and Stephanie. She also retained her American roots, maintaining a dual U.S. and Monégasque citizenship. Her death, two months before her 53rd birthday, was the result of an automobile accident caused by cerebral hemorrhage. In June 1999, the American Film Institute ranked her #13 in their list of top female stars of American cinema.

Contents

Family

A native of Philadelphia, Grace Kelly was born to John Brendan "Jack" Kelly (October 4, 1889–June 20, 1960), the son of Irish immigrants, and his wife, Margaret Katherine Majer (December 13, 1898–January 6, 1990), whose parents arrived in America from Germany. The newborn was named in memory of her father's sister who died at a young age. The family lived in a house at 3901 Henry Avenue in the East Falls neighborhood of the city.[1] Before her marriage, Margaret Majer studied physical education at Temple University and later became the first woman to head the Physical Education Department at the University of Pennsylvania. Jack Kelly was a local hero as a triple Olympic-gold-medal-winning sculler, and subsequently became a self-made millionaire, with his brick business rising to prominence as the largest such enterprise on the East Coast. Registering as a Democrat, he obtained the party's nomination for mayor in the 1935 election and lost by the closest margin for any Democrat in the city's electoral history. In later years, he served on the Fairmount Park Commission and, during World War II, was appointed by President Roosevelt as National Director of Physical Fitness.

When Grace was born, the Kellys already had two children, Margaret Katherine, known as Peggy (June 13, 1925–November 23, 1991) and John Brendan, Jr., known as Kell (May 24, 1927–May 2, 1985). Another daughter, Elizabeth Anne, known as Lizanne (June 25, 1933–November 24, 2009), was born three-and-a-half years after Grace.

At Margaret's christening in 1925, Jack Kelly's mother, Mary Costello Kelly, expressed her disappointment that the baby was not named Grace in memory of her last daughter who died young. Upon his mother's death the following year, Jack Kelly resolved that his next daughter would bear the name and, three years later, with the arrival of Grace Patricia in November 1929, his late mother's wish was honored.

Following in his father's athletic footsteps, John Jr. won in 1947 the James E. Sullivan Award as the country's top amateur athlete. Also, similar to his father's gold medals in rowing at the 1920 and 1924 Summer Olympics, he competed in the sport at the 1948, 1952 and, finally the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne where, on November 27, seven months after his sister's Monaco wedding, he won a bronze medal, which he gave to her as gift of the occasion. He was also a city councilman and Philadelphia's Kelly Drive is named for him.

Two of Grace Kelly's uncles were prominent in the arts — her father's eldest brother, Walter C. Kelly (1873–1939), was a vaudeville star whose nationally-known act, The Virginia Judge, was filmed as a 1930 MGM short and a 1935 Paramount feature, and another older brother, George Kelly (1887–1974), estranged from the family due to his homosexuality, became renowned in the 1920s as a dramatist, screenwriter and director with a hit comedy-drama, The Show Off, in 1924–25, and was awarded the 1926 Pulitzer Prize for Drama for his next play, Craig's Wife.[2]

Acting career

Grace Kelly

from the film To Catch a Thief
Born Grace Patricia Kelly
Years active 1950–1956

While attending Ravenhill Academy, a prestigious Catholic girls' school, Kelly modeled fashions at local social events with her mother and sisters. In 1942, at the age of twelve, she played a lead in Don't Feed the Animals, a play produced by the East Falls Old Academy Players.[2] During high school, she acted and danced, graduating in May 1947 from Stevens School, a small private institution in a mansion on Walnut Lane in the Northwest Philadelphia neighborhood of Germantown. Her graduation yearbook listed her favorite actress as Ingrid Bergman; her favorite actor, Joseph Cotten; her favorite summer resort, Ocean City; her favorite drink, a black and white chocolate milkshake; her favorite piece of classical music, Debussy's "Clair de Lune"; her favorite orchestra, Benny Goodman; and her favorite female singer, Jo Stafford.[3] Written in the "Stevens' Prophecy" section was, “Miss Grace P. Kelly - a famous star of stage and screen.”

Theatre

Because of low mathematics scores, Kelly was rejected by Bennington College in July 1947.[citation needed] To the dismay of her mother, Kelly decided to pursue her dreams of a career in the theater. For an audition into the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York she used a scene from her uncle's 1923 play, The Torch-Bearers. Although the school already selected its semester quota, Kelly wangled an interview with the school's admission officer, Emile Diestel. Alumni of the school include Katharine Hepburn, Lauren Bacall, Gene Tierney, and Spencer Tracy. Living in Manhattan's Barbizon Hotel for Women, a prestigious establishment which barred men from entering after 10 p.m., and working as a model to support her studies, Kelly began her first term the following October. A diligent student, she would use a tape recorder to practice and perfect her speech. Her early acting pursuits led her to the stage, most notably a Broadway debut in Strindberg’s The Father alongside Raymond Massey. At 19, her graduation performance was in The Philadelphia Story, a role with which she would also end her film career, in the MGM musical film version High Society.

Television producer Delbert Mann cast Kelly as Bethel Merriday, an adaptation of the Sinclair Lewis novel of the same name, in her first of nearly sixty live television programs. Success on television eventually brought her a role in a major motion picture. Kelly made her film debut in a small role in the 1951 film Fourteen Hours. She was noticed during a visit to the set by Gary Cooper, who subsequently starred with her in High Noon. Cooper was charmed by Kelly and said that she was "different from all these sexballs we've been seeing so much of." However, her performance in Fourteen Hours was not noticed by critics, and did not lead to her receiving other film acting roles. She continued her work in the theater and on television.[2]

She was performing in Colorado’s Elitch Gardens when she received a telegram from Hollywood producer Stanley Kramer, offering her a co-starring role opposite Gary Cooper in High Noon. According to one biographer, Wendy Leigh, at age 22 Kelly had an off-set romance with both Cooper and director Fred Zinnemann.[citation needed]

Actress for MGM

To audition for the role of Linda Nordley in MGM's production of Mogambo, the studio had Kelly flown to Los Angeles in September 1952. Gene Tierney was initially cast in the role, but due to emotional problems dropped out at the last minute.[4][5] Kelly won the role, along with a 7-year contract, although she was hired at a relatively low salary of $850 a week. Kelly signed the deal under two conditions: First, one out of every two years, she have time off to work in the theater and second, that she be able to live in New York City, at the now-landmarked Manhattan House, at 200 E 66th Street.[6] Just two months later, in November, the cast arrived in Nairobi to begin production. She later told Hollywood columnist Hedda Hopper, "Mogambo had three things that interested me. John Ford, Clark Gable, and a trip to Africa with expenses paid. If Mogambo had been made in Arizona, I wouldn't have done it."[7] The role garnered her a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress and her first Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress.

After the success of Mogambo, Kelly starred in a TV play The Way of an Eagle, with Jean-Pierre Aumont before being cast in the film adaptation of Frederick Knott's Broadway hit Dial M for Murder. Alfred Hitchcock was slated to direct the film and would become one of Kelly's last mentors. Hitchcock also took full advantage of Kelly's virginal beauty on-camera. In a scene in which her character Margot Wendice is nearly murdered, a struggle breaks out between her and her would-be-killer Tony Dawson as she kicks her legs and flails her arms attempting to fight off her killer. Dial M for Murder opened in theaters in May 1954 to both positive reviews and box-office triumph.

Kelly began filming scenes for her next film, The Bridges at Toko-Ri, in January 1954 with William Holden. The role of Nancy, the cordially wretched wife of naval officer Harry (played by Holden), proved to be a minor but pivotal part of the story. Released in January 1955, The New Yorker wrote of Kelly and Holden's unbridled onscreen chemistry, taking note of Kelly's performance of the part "with quiet confidence."

In committing to the role of Lisa Fremont in Rear Window, Kelly unhesitatingly turned down the opportunity to star alongside Marlon Brando in On the Waterfront, which won her replacement, Eva Marie Saint, an Academy Award. "All through the making of Dial M for Murder, he [Hitchcock] sat and talked to me about Rear Window all the time, even before we had discussed my being in it."[8] Much like the shooting of Dial M for Murder, Kelly and Hitchcock shared a close bond of humor and admiration. Sometimes, however, minor strifes would emerge on set concerning the wardrobe:

At the rehearsal for the scene in Rear Window when I wore a sheer nightgown, Hitchcock called for Edith Head. He came over here and said, 'Look, the bosom is not right, we're going to have to put something in there.' He was very sweet about it; he didn't want to upset me, so he spoke quietly to Edith. When we went into my dressing room and Edith said, 'Mr. Hitchcock is worried because there's a false pleat here. He wants me to put in falsies.' Well, I said, 'You can't put falsies in this, it's going to show and I'm not going to wear them.' And she said, 'What are we going to do?' So we quickly took it up here, made some adjustments there, and I just did what I could and stood as straight as possible - without falsies. When I walked out onto the set Hitchcock looked at me and at Edith and said, 'See what a difference they make?'

Kelly's new co-star, James Stewart, was highly enthusiastic about working with her.[9] The role of Lisa Fremont, a wealthy Manhattan socialite and model, was unlike any of the previous women which she had played. For the very first time, she was an independent career woman. Stewart played a speculative photographer with a broken leg, bound to a wheelchair, who is curiously reduced to observing the happenings of tenants outside his window. Kelly is not seen until twenty-two minutes into the movie. Just as he had done earlier, Hitchcock provided the camera with a slow-sequenced silhouette of Kelly, along with a close-up of the two stars kissing and finally lingering closely on her profile. With the film's opening in October 1954, Kelly was again praised. Variety's film critic remarked on the casting, commenting about the "earthy quality to the relationship between Stewart and Miss Kelly. Both do a fine job of the picture's acting demands."[10]

Kelly won the role of Bing Crosby's long-suffering wife, Georgie Elgin, in The Country Girl, after a pregnant Jennifer Jones bowed out. Already familiar with the play, Kelly was desperate for the part. This meant that, to MGM's dismay, she would have to be loaned out to Paramount. Kelly threatened the studio that she would pack her bags and leave for New York for good. The vanquished studio caved in, and the part was hers.

The film also paired Kelly again with William Holden. The wife of a washed-up alcoholic singer, played by Crosby, Kelly's character is emotionally torn between two lovers. Holden willfully begs Kelly to leave her husband and be with him. A piece of frail tenderness manages to cloak itself inside of her, even after having been demonized by Crosby, describing "a pathetic hint of frailty in a wonderful glowing man. That appeals a lot to us. It did to me. I was so young. His weaknesses seemed touching and sweet, they made me love him more."

As a result of her performance in The Country Girl, Kelly was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress. Her main competitor for the prize was Judy Garland's much heralded comeback performance in A Star Is Born; playing not only the part of an up and coming actress-singer, but also ironically, the wife of an alcoholic movie star. Although Kelly won the New York Film Critics Circle Award for best actress for her performances in her three big movie roles of 1954 (Rear Window, Dial M For Murder, and The Country Girl), she and Garland both received Golden Globe Awards for their respective performances.

By the following March, the race between Kelly and Garland for the Oscar was very close. On the night of the Academy Awards telecast, March 30, 1955, Garland was unable to attend due to the fact she was in the hospital just having given birth to her son, Joseph Luft. However, she was rumored to be the odds-on favorite, so NBC Television cameras were set up in her hospital room so that if her name was announced as the winner, Garland could make her acceptance speech live from her hospital bed. However, when William Holden announced Kelly as the winner, the technicians immediately dismantled the cameras without saying one word to Garland. Garland was reported not to have been very gracious about Kelly's win saying in later years, "I didn't appreciate Grace Kelly taking off her makeup and walking away with my Oscar."

In April 1954, Kelly flew to Colombia for a brief 10-day shoot to film her next project, Green Fire, with Stewart Granger. Kelly plays Catherine Knowland, a coffee plantation owner. In Granger's autobiography he writes of his distaste for the film's script, while Kelly later confided to Hedda Hopper, "It wasn't pleasant. We worked at a pathetic village - miserable huts and dirty. Part of the crew got shipwrecked ... It was awful."[7] Green Fire was a critical and box-office failure.

After the back-to-back shooting of Rear Window, Toko-Ri, Country Girl and Green Fire, Kelly flew to France, along with department store heir Bernard "Barney" Strauss, to begin work on her third and final film for Alfred Hitchcock, To Catch a Thief. Kelly and her co-star, Cary Grant, developed a mutual admiration. The two cherished their time together for the rest of their lives. Years later, when asked to name his all-time favorite actress, Cary replied without hesitation: "Well, with all due respect to dear Ingrid Bergman, I much preferred Grace. She had serenity."[11] The fireworks scene has been the subject of much commentary, as Hitchcock subliminally peppers an undertone of sexual innuendo during the sequence.

Marriage

Kelly headed the U.S. delegation at the Cannes Film Festival in April 1955. While there, she was invited to participate in a photo session at the Palace of Monaco with Prince Rainier III, the ruling sovereign of the principality. After a series of delays and complications, Kelly met the prince in Monaco.

Upon returning to America, Kelly began work on The Swan, in which she coincidentally portrayed a princess. Meanwhile, she was privately beginning a correspondence with Rainier. In December, Rainier came to America on a trip officially designated as a tour, although it was speculated that Rainier was actively seeking a wife. A 1918 treaty with France stated that if Rainier did not produce an heir, Monaco would revert to France. At a press conference in the United States, Rainier was asked if he was pursuing a wife, to which he answered "No." A second question was posed, asking, "If you were pursuing a wife, what kind would you like?" Rainier smiled and answered, "I don't know — the best." Rainier met Kelly and her family, and after three days, the prince proposed. Kelly accepted and the families began preparing for what the press called "The Wedding of the Century." Kelly and her family had to provide Prince Rainier with dowry of $2,000,000 USD in order for the marriage to go ahead. The religious wedding was set for April 19, 1956. News of the engagement was a sensation even though it meant the possible end to Kelly's film career. Industry professionals realized that it would have been impractical for her to continue acting and wished her well. Alfred Hitchcock had quipped that he was, "very happy that Grace has found herself such a good part."

Preparations for the wedding were elaborate. The Palace of Monaco was painted and redecorated throughout. On April 4, 1956, leaving from Pier 84 in New York Harbor, Kelly, with her family, bridesmaids, poodle, and over eighty pieces of luggage boarded the ocean liner SS Constitution for the French Riviera. Some 400 reporters applied to sail, though most were turned away. Thousands of fans sent the party off for the eight day voyage. In Monaco, more than 20,000 people lined the streets to greet the future princess consort.

That same year, MGM released Kelly's final film, the musical comedy High Society, (based on the studio's 1940 comedy Philadelphia Story). One highlight of the film was when Kelly sang a duet with Bing Crosby, "True Love," with words and music by Cole Porter.

Princess of Monaco

Kelly's wedding was a 40-minute civil ceremony that took place in the Palace Throne Room of Monaco on April 18, 1956, and was broadcast across Europe. To cap the ceremony, the 142 official titles (counterparts of Rainier's) that Kelly acquired in the union were formally recited. The event concluded the following day with the church ceremony at Monaco's Saint Nicholas Cathedral. Kelly's wedding dress, designed by MGM's Academy Award–winning Helen Rose, was worked on for six weeks by three dozen seamstresses. The 600 guests included Hollywood stars David Niven and his wife Hjördis, Gloria Swanson, Ava Gardner, the crowned head Aga Khan, and Conrad Hilton. Frank Sinatra initially accepted an invitation but at the last minute decided otherwise, afraid of upstaging the bride on her wedding day. The ceremony was watched by an estimated 30 million people on television. The prince and princess left that night for their seven-week Mediterranean cruise honeymoon on Rainier's yacht, Deo Juvante II.

As Princess of Monaco, she founded AMADE Mondiale, a Monaco-based non-profit organization eventually recognized by the United Nations as a Non-Governmental Organization. According to UNESCO's website, AMADE promotes and protects the "moral and physical integrity" and "spiritual well-being of children throughout the world, without distinction of race, nationality or religion and in a spirit of complete political independence." Her daughter Princess Caroline carries the torch for AMADE today in her role as President.

Children and family

Princess Grace gave birth to the couple's first child, Princess Caroline nine months and four days after the wedding. 21 guns announced the event, a national holiday was called, gambling ceased, and free champagne flowed throughout the principality. A little over a year later, 101 guns announced the birth of their second child, Prince Albert. Prince Rainier and Princess Grace had three children:

Princess Grace at a press conference in Montreal, during Expo 1967.

Later years

After the wedding, Prince Rainier banned the screening of Kelly's films.[12] Hitchcock offered Kelly the lead in his film Marnie in 1962. She was eager, but public outcry in Monaco against her involvement in a film that portrayed her as a kleptomaniac made her reconsider and ultimately reject the project. Director Herbert Ross attempted to lure Princess Grace for his 1977 film The Turning Point, but Prince Rainier quashed the idea. Later that year, Kelly returned to the arts in a series of poetry readings on stage and the narration of the documentary The Children of Theater Street. She also narrated ABC's made-for-television film The Poppy Is Also a Flower (1966).

As princess, Kelly was active in improving the arts institutions of Monaco, and eventually the Princess Grace Foundation was formed to support local artisans. She was one of the first celebrities to support and speak on behalf of La Leche League, an organization that advocates breastfeeding; she planned a yearly Christmas party for local orphans, and dedicated a Garden Club that reflected her love of flowers.

In 1981, the Prince and Princess celebrated their 25th wedding anniversary.

Personal life

Kelly was the object of the tabloids and gossip throughout her life. Her love life was a particular focus of speculation. Stories of affairs circulated from her first major role in motion pictures and eventually included the names of almost every major actor at the time.

During the making of Dial M for Murder, her co-star Ray Milland attempted to seduce her. Milland was 22 years older than she, but just as charming and suave as he was when she swooned over him years earlier as a teenager watching The Lost Weekend. Milland was married to Muriel Milland for thirty years, and the couple had a son. Milland assured Kelly that he had left his wife, which she would later find out to have been a lie.[13] Muriel Milland was one of the most popular wives in Hollywood and had the support of many friends, including gossip columnist Hedda Hopper. After Muriel Milland found out about the alleged affair, Kelly was branded a homewrecker. After Kelly gave a press interview explaining her side of the story the town seemed to lose interest in the scandal. It was never proven that Kelly actually succumbed to Milland's advances; in fact, her friends at the time, such as Rita Gam, believed she had little interest in him.

Kelly (far right) with Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. and first lady Nancy Reagan, 1981

Russian fashion designer Oleg Cassini, having just seen Mogambo earlier that evening, encountered Grace Kelly having dinner at Le Veau d'Or. Formerly married to actress Gene Tierney, the original choice to play Mogambo's Linda Nordley, Cassini was raised in Florence and had a cultured air with an abundance of charm and courtliness. He became just as captivated by Kelly in person as he had been while watching her in the film and soon piqued her curiosity by sending her a daily bouquet of red roses. His persistence paid off when she accepted his invitation to lunch, with the provision that her eldest sister, Peggy, join them. Ultimately, her relationship with Cassini foundered on her parents' refusal to accept a divorced Protestant as a future son in law.

In a 1960s interview, Kelly explained how she had grown to accept the scrutiny as a part of being in the public eye, but expressed concern for her children’s exposure to such relentless scandalmongering. After her death, celebrity biographers chronicled the rumors with renewed enthusiasm.

Friendship with Josephine Baker

In 1951, the newly famous Kelly took a bold stand against a racist incident involving Black American expatriate singer/dancer Josephine Baker, when the Sherman Billingsley's Stork Club in New York refused Baker as a customer. Kelly, who was dining at the club when this happened, was so disgusted that she rushed over to Baker (whom she had never met), took her by the arm, and stormed out with her entire party, vowing never to return (and she never did).[14] The two women became close friends after that night. A significant testament to their close friendship was made evident when Baker was near bankruptcy, and was offered a villa and financial assistance by Kelly (who by that time had become The Princess of Monaco) and her husband Rainier III of Monaco. The princess also encouraged Baker to return to performing and financed Baker's triumphant comeback in 1975, attending the opening night's performance. When Baker died, the Princess secured her burial in Monaco.[citation needed]

Death

On September 13, 1982, while driving with her daughter Stéphanie to Monaco from their country home, Princess Grace suffered a stroke, which caused her to drive her Rover P6[15] off the serpentine road down a mountainside. Grace was pulled alive from the wreckage, but had suffered serious injuries and was unconscious. She died the following day at the Monaco Hospital (renamed Centre Hospitalier Princesse Grace – The Princess Grace Hospital Centre in English – in 1958), having never regained consciousness. It was initially reported that Princess Stéphanie suffered only minor bruising, although it later emerged that she had suffered a serious cervical fracture.[16] It was rumored that Princess Grace had been driving on the same stretch of highway that had been featured in her 1955 movie To Catch a Thief, but her son has always denied it.[citation needed]

She was buried in the Grimaldi family vault on September 18, 1982, after a requiem mass in Saint Nicholas Cathedral, Monaco.[17] The 400 guests at the service included representatives of foreign governments and of present and past European royal houses. Diana, Princess of Wales represented the British royal family. Cary Grant was among the members of the film community in attendance. Nearly 100 million people worldwide watched her funeral.[18] Prince Rainier, who did not remarry after Kelly's death, was buried alongside her following his death in 2005.

In his eulogy, James Stewart said:

You know, I just love Grace Kelly. Not because she was a princess, not because she was an actress, not because she was my friend, but because she was just about the nicest lady I ever met. Grace brought into my life as she brought into yours, a soft, warm light every time I saw her, and every time I saw her was a holiday of its own. No question, I'll miss her, we'll all miss her, God bless you, Princess Grace.

Legacy

The Princess Grace Foundation, Monaco was founded in 1964 with the aim of helping those with special needs for whom no provision was made within the ordinary social services. In 1983, following Princess Grace's death, Caroline, Princess of Hanover assumed the duties of President of the Board of Trustees of the Foundation. Albert II, Prince of Monaco is Vice-President.[19]

The Princess Grace Foundation-USA (PGF-USA) was established following the death of Princess Grace of Monaco to continue the work she did, anonymously, during her lifetime – assisting emerging theater, dance and film artists in America. Incorporated in 1982, PGF-USA is headquartered in New York, and is a tax-exempt, not-for-profit, publicly supported organization. The Princess Grace Awards, a program of the Princess Grace Foundation-USA, has awarded nearly 500 artists at more than 100 institutions in the U.S. with more than $7 million to date. The Princess Grace Foundation-USA also holds the exclusive rights and facilitates the licensing of Princess Grace of Monaco's name and likeness throughout the world. Princess Grace Foundation-USA

On June 18, 1984, Prince Rainier inaugurated a public rose garden in Monaco in Princess Grace's memory due to her passion for the flower.[20]

In 1993, Princess Grace became the first U.S. actress to appear on a U.S. postage stamp.[12][21]

In 2003, 83 years after Olympic Gold Medalist John Kelly, Sr. was rejected entry at the most prestigious rowing event in the world, the Henley Royal Regatta renamed the Women's Quadruple Sculls after his daughter, "Princess Grace Challenge Cup". Princess Grace was invited to give out the prizes at the Henley Royal Regatta in 1981 as a peace offering by the Henley Stewards to put a long conflict (61 years) between the Kelly family and Stewards to rest. Her brother, John Kelly, Jr., won the Diamond Sculls at the Henly Royal Regatta in 1947 and 1949 as well as a Bronze Medal in the single sculls at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne. In 2004, her son, Prince Albert, gave out the prizes at the Henley Royal Regatta.

On April 1, 2006, The Philadelphia Museum of Art presented an exhibition entitled, Fit for a Princess: Grace Kelly's Wedding Dress, that ran through May 21, 2006. The exhibition was in honor of the 50th anniversary of Princess Grace and Prince Rainier's wedding.[22]

To commemorate the 25th anniversary of her death €2 commemorative coins were issued on July 1, 2007 with the "national" side bearing the image of Princess Grace. In Monaco (at the Grimaldi Forum) and the United States (at Sotheby's) a large Princess Grace exhibition, coordinated by the Princely Family, called "Grace, Princess of Monaco: A Tribute to the Life and Legacy of Grace Kelly", celebrated her life and her contribution to the arts through her Foundation.

In October 2009, a plaque was placed on the "Rodeo Drive Walk of Style" in recognition of Princess Grace's contributions to style and fashion.[23]

In November 2009, to commemorate what would have been her 80th birthday TCM named her as star of the month which saw Prince Albert II pay a special tribute to his mother.

Titles

  • November 12, 1929 – April 19, 1956: Miss Grace Patricia Kelly
  • April 19, 1956 – September 14, 1982: Her Serene Highness The Princess of Monaco

Screen credits

Filmography

Year Title Role Director Co-stars
1951 Fourteen Hours Louise Ann Fuller Henry Hathaway Paul Douglas, Richard Basehart, Barbara Bel Geddes
1952 High Noon Amy Fowler Kane Fred Zinnemann Gary Cooper, Katy Jurado, Lloyd Bridges, Thomas Mitchell
1953 Mogambo Linda Nordley John Ford Clark Gable, Ava Gardner
1954 Dial M for Murder Margot Mary Wendice Alfred Hitchcock Ray Milland, Robert Cummings, John Williams
Rear Window Lisa Carol Fremont Alfred Hitchcock James Stewart, Wendell Corey, Thelma Ritter, Raymond Burr
The Country Girl Georgie Elgin George Seaton Bing Crosby, William Holden
Green Fire Catherine Knowland Andrew Marton Stewart Granger
The Bridges at Toko-Ri Nancy Brubaker Mark Robson William Holden, Fredric March, Mickey Rooney, Earl Holliman
1955 To Catch a Thief Frances Stevens Alfred Hitchcock Cary Grant
1956 The Swan Princess Alexandra Charles Vidor Alec Guinness, Louis Jourdan
High Society Tracy Samantha Lord Charles Walters Bing Crosby, Frank Sinatra, Celeste Holm

Television appearances and filmography

Year TV series and network Date of broadcast and episode title Episode sequence Cast, writer, director and explanatory notes
1948 Kraft Television Theatre
(NBC)
November 3, 1948:
"Old Lady Robbins"
season 2 episode 7 Ethel Owen, Grace Kelly
1950 The Philco Television Playhouse
(NBC)
January 8, 1950:
"Bethel Merriday"
season 2 episode 19 Grace Kelly as Bethel Merriday, Oliver Thorndike, Warren Stevens, Katherine Meskill, Mary Patton, Frank Stephens, Mary K. Wells
—————adapted from novel by Sinclair Lewis
directed by Delbert Mann
Ripley's Believe It or Not
(NBC)
January 11, 1950:
"The Voice of Obsession"
season 2 episode 2 John Hudson, Hildy Parks, Grace Kelly
Westinghouse Studio One
(CBS)
January 23, 1950:
"The Rockingham Tea Set"
season 2 episode 20 Starring Louise Allbritton as Celia Arden; Featuring Catherine Willard as Mrs. Arden, Judson Laire as Dr. Waller, Katherine Emmet as Mrs. Gregory; Introducing Grace Kelly as Sara Mappin, Richard McMurray as David Barr; Other players Cecil Scott and Nell Harrison
—————by Virginia Douglas Dawson
adapted by Worthington Miner and Matthew E. Harlib
directed by Franklin Schaffner
The Philco Television Playhouse
(NBC)
February 12, 1950:
"Ann Rutledge"
season 2 episode 24 Grace Kelly as Ann Rutledge, Stephen Courtleigh as Abraham Lincoln
Actors Studio
(CBS)
March 3, 1950:
"The Apple Tree"
season 2 episode 22 John Merivale, Patricia Kirkland, Grace Kelly
host: Marc Connelly
Cads, Scoundrels and Ladies
(NBC)
April 25, 1950:
"The Lovesick Robber"
drama special one-time hour-long live presentation replacing The Original Amateur Hour
Grace Kelly appears in "The Lovesick Robber", one of the comedy-drama one-act plays
The Play's the Thing
(CBS)
May 26, 1950:
"The Token"
season 1 episode 7 Mark Roberts, Grace Kelly
host: Marc Connelly
The Play's the Thing
(CBS)
June 9, 1950:
"The Swan"
season 1 episode 8 Grace Kelly as Princess Alexandra [the role she will play again in the 1956 film], George Keane as Nicholas Agi, Alfred Ryder as Prince Albert, Jane Hoffman as Princess Beatrix, Leopoldine Konstantin as Queen Maria Dominika, Dennis Hoey as Father Hyacinth
—————adapted from play by Ferenc Molnár
host: Marc Connelly; directed by David Pressman
Comedy Theater
(CBS)
July 9, 1950:
"Summer Had Better Be Good"
season 1 episode 1 Grace Kelly
—————by Ruth McKenney
Lights Out
(NBC)
July 17, 1950: "The Devil to Pay" season 2 episode 45 Jonathan Harris, Grace Kelly, Theodore Marcuse
directed by William Corrigan
Big Town
(CBS)
October 5, 1950: "The Pay-Off" season 1 episode 1 Patrick McVey, Mary K. Wells, Grace Kelly
directed by David Lowell Rich
The Clock
(NBC)
October 20, 1950:
"Vengeance"
season 2 episode 4 Torin Thatcher, Grace Kelly
—————adapted from novella by Balzac
directed by Grey Lockwood
The Web
(CBS)
November 1, 1950: "Mirror of Delusion" season 1 episode 18 Hugh Franklin, Anna Lee, Grace Kelly, Mary Stuart
host: Jonathan Blake
Somerset Maugham TV Theatre
(CBS)
November 15, 1950 season 1 episode 5 Leo Penn, Grace Kelly
—————adapted from story by W. Somerset Maugham
host: W. Somerset Maugham
Danger
(CBS)
December 19, 1950:
"The Sergeant and the Doll"
season 1 episode 13 Laura Weber, Grace Kelly, James Westerfield
host: Richard Stark
The Philco Television Playhouse
(NBC)
December 31, 1950:
"Leaf Out of a Book"
season 3 episode 17 Vicki Cummings, Lauren Gilbert, Grace Kelly, Claudia Morgan [restaged, again on NBC, with most of the same cast, on Goodyear Television Playhouse, broadcast July 6, 1952]
1951 The Prudential Family Playhouse
(CBS)
February 13, 1951:
"Berkeley Square"
season 1 episode 10 Richard Greene as Peter Standish, Grace Kelly as Helen Pettigrew, Rosalind Ivan as Lady Ann Pettigrew, Mary Scott as Kate Pettigrew
—————adapted from play by John L. Balderston
Nash Airflyte Theater
(CBS)
February 22, 1951:
"A Kiss for Mr. Lincoln"
season 1 episode 23 Richard Greene, Grace Kelly, Bruce Gordon, Sarah Cunningham, Sarah Floyd
host: William Gaxton
directed by David Pressman
Fourteen Hours
(TCF)
first screening:
March 6, 1951
first feature film Paul Douglas, Richard Basehart, Barbara Bel Geddes, Debra Paget, Agnes Moorehead, Robert Keith, Howard Da Silva, Jeffrey Hunter, Martin Gabel, Grace Kelly
directed by Henry Hathaway
Armstrong Circle Theatre
(NBC)
June 5, 1951:
"Lover's Leap"
season 1 episode 53 Leslie Nielsen, Grace Kelly, Don Murphy, Alan Abel, Larry Buchanan, Michael Keith, Charles Mendick
Armstrong Circle Theatre
(NBC)
November 27, 1951: "Brand from the Burning" season 2 episode 11 Thomas Coley, Grace Kelly
host: Nelson Case
The Philco Television Playhouse
(NBC)
December 30, 1951: "The Sisters" season 4 episode 6 Leslie Nielsen, Grace Kelly, Dorothy Peterson, Natalie Schafer
—————by Robert Alan Aurthur
directed by Gordon Duff
1952 CBS Television Workshop
(CBS)
January 13, 1952:
"Don Quixote"
season 1 episode 4 Boris Karloff as Don Quixote, Jimmy Savo as Sancho Panza, Grace Kelly as Dulcinea
—————adapted from the Cervantes classic
directed by Sidney Lumet
Hallmark Television Playhouse
(NBC)
January 20, 1952:
"The Big Build Up"
season 1 episode 4 Grace Kelly as Claire, Richard Derr, Vinton Hayworth, Parker McCormick, Harry Mehaffey, Elinor Randel
—————adapted from novel by Michael Foster
host: Sarah Churchill; directed by William Corrigan
Danger
(CBS)
February 5, 1952:
"Prelude to Death"
season 2 episode 21 Grace Kelly, Carmen Mathews
host: Richard Stark
The Philco Television Playhouse
(NBC)
February 10, 1952:
"Rich Boy"
season 4 episode 9 Gene Lyons as Anson Hunter, Grace Kelly as Paula Legendre, Phyllis Kirk as Dolly Karger, Kathleen Comegys as Aunt Edna, Mary Jackson, Henry Hart, Robert McQueeney, Tom Pedi, Geoffrey Lumb, David White, Eric Sinclair
—————adapted by Walter Bernstein from short story by F. Scott Fitzgerald; directed by Delbert Mann
Lux Video Theatre
(CBS)
February 18, 1952:
"Life, Liberty and Orrin Dudley"
season 2 episode 26 Jackie Cooper as Orrin Dudley, Grace Kelly as Beth
—————teleplay by John Whedon
directed by Richard Goode
Lights Out
(NBC)
March 17, 1952:
"The Borgia Lamp"
season 4 episode 30 Robert Sterling, Grace Kelly, Hugh Griffith
Robert Montgomery Presents
(NBC)
June 2, 1952:
"Candles for Theresa"
season 3 episode 31 Robert Sterling, Grace Kelly
host: Robert Montgomery
Kraft Television Theatre
(NBC)
June 11, 1952: "The Cricket on the Hearth" season 5 episode 40 Russell Hardie as Edward Plummer, Grace Kelly as May Fielding
—————adaptation of the Dickens classic
Suspense
(CBS)
Tuesday, July 1, 1952, 9:30–10pm:
"Fifty Beautiful Girls"
season 4 episode 41 Joseph Anthony, Grace Kelly, Rusty Lane, Robert Keith, Jr.; host: Rex Marshall
[since this episode and the one below were both broadcast live, research has not yet determined how Grace Kelly could have simultaneously performed in both productions]
Armstrong Circle Theatre
(NBC)
Tuesday, July 1, 1952, 9:30–10pm:
"City Editor"
season 2 episode 41 Louise Allbritton, Shepperd Strudwick, Grace Kelly
host: Joe Ripley
[since this episode was apparently broadcast simultaneously with the one above, it is inexplicable how Grace Kelly could have appeared on both]
Goodyear Television Playhouse
(NBC)
July 6, 1952:
"Leaf Out of a Book"
season 1 episode 20 Lauren Gilbert, Grace Kelly, Claudia Morgan
[restaged production, again on NBC, with most of the same cast, of December 31, 1950 episode of Philco Television Playhouse]
High Noon
(Stanley Kramer Productions)
first screening:
July 7, 1952
second feature film Gary Cooper, Thomas Mitchell, Lloyd Bridges, Katy Jurado, Grace Kelly
directed by Fred Zinnemann
Kraft Television Theatre
(NBC)
August 29, 1952:
"The Small Hours"
season 5 episode 49 Lauren Gilbert as Henry Mitchell, Katherine Meskill as Laura Mitchell, Grace Kelly as Dorothy Mitchell
—————adapted from play by George S. Kaufman and Leueen MacGrath
Armstrong Circle Theatre
(NBC)
September 2, 1952:
"Recapture"
season 2 episode 48 Darren McGavin, Grace Kelly, Barbara Baxley
host: Joe Ripley
directed by Garry Simpson
Westinghouse Studio One
(CBS)
September 22, 1952:
"The Kill"
season 5 episode 1 Starring Dick Foran as Jeff, Nina Foch as Carrie, Grace Kelly as Freda, Paul Langton as Marsh, Harry Townes as Dave, Don Hanmer as Al, Carl Frank as Link, George Mitchell as Abner, Joe Maross as Nebro, Alan Devitt as Cap Manny, Frank Marth as Bub, James Coots as Sheriff, Arthur Junaleska as Billy, Lynn Loring as Carol
—————based on The Mountains Have No Shadow by Owen Cameron; written for television by Reginald Rose; directed by Franklin Schaffner
Lux Video Theatre
(CBS)
September 29, 1952: "A Message for Janice" season 3 episode 6 Jackie Cooper, Grace Kelly as Janice, George Hall
—————by S. H. Barnett from story by Walter C. Brown
directed by Richard Goode
1953 Lux Video Theatre
(CBS)
May 14, 1953: "The Betrayer" season 3 episode 37 Robert Preston, Grace Kelly as Meg
—————written by Charles L. Emmons
directed by Fielder Cook
The Philco Television Playhouse
(NBC)
June 7, 1953:
"The Way of the Eagle"
season 5 episode 24 Jean-Pierre Aumont, Grace Kelly
Kraft Television Theatre
(NBC)
June 17, 1953:
"Boy of Mine"
season 6 episode 37 Henry Jones, Grace Kelly, Martin Newman
Mogambo
(MGM)
first screening:
October 9, 1953
third feature film Clark Gable, Ava Gardner, Grace Kelly
directed by John Ford
Toast of the Town
(CBS)
October 18, 1953 season 7 episode 6 nine days after release of Mogambo, Grace Kelly performed on America's top-rated star-driven variety program; in other segments: David Wayne, Ralph Meeker, John Forsythe; host: Ed Sullivan
1954 Kraft Television Theatre
(NBC)
January 6, 1954:
"The Thankful Heart"
season 7 episode 19 Florenz Ames, John Stephen
[nearly seven months after appearing in her previous live TV drama (on the same anthology series) and, on the brink of movie stardom, with full schedule of film starring roles, Grace Kelly here gives her final performance for the Golden Age of Television]
26th Academy Awards
(NBC)
March 25, 1954 second televised Academy Awards host in Hollywood: Donald O'Connor
host in New York: Fredric March
Grace Kelly as presenter and also nominee for Best Supporting Actress in Mogambo
The Country Girl
(Paramount)
first screening:
May 17, 1954
fourth feature film Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly, William Holden
directed by George Seaton
Dial M for Murder
(Warner)
first screening:
May 29, 1954
fifth feature film Ray Milland, Grace Kelly, Robert Cummings
directed by Alfred Hitchcock
Rear Window
(Paramount)
first screening:
August 1, 1954
sixth feature film James Stewart, Grace Kelly, Wendell Corey
directed by Alfred Hitchcock
Miss America Pageant
(ABC)
September 11, 1954 first Miss America Pageant televised host for the pageant: Bob Russell
commentator for ABC network: John Daly
co-host for ABC network: Bess Myerson
Grace Kelly as one of the judges
The Bridges at Toko-Ri
(Paramount)
Los Angeles preview:
September 25, 1954
seventh feature film William Holden, Grace Kelly, Fredric March
directed by Mark Robson
Green Fire
(MGM)
first screening:
December 24, 1954
eighth feature film Stewart Granger, Grace Kelly, Paul Douglas
directed by Andrew Marton
1955 Toast of the Town
(CBS)
January 9, 1955: season 8 episode 18 Grace Kelly's second performance on the top-rated variety program; in other segments: José Greco, Forrest Tucker, Guy Mitchell, James Michener, The Shipstad & Johnson Ice Follies with Werner Groebli, The U.S.O. Hollywood Troupe, The Kermond Brothers, Richard Dwyer, Marie Crimmins; host: Ed Sullivan
27th Academy Awards
(NBC)
March 30, 1955 third televised Academy Awards host in Hollywood: Bob Hope
host in New York: Thelma Ritter
Grace Kelly as presenter and also nominee (and eventual winner) for Best Actress in The Country Girl
To Catch a Thief
(Paramount)
first screening:
August 3, 1955
ninth feature film Cary Grant, Grace Kelly, Jessie Royce Landis
directed by Alfred Hitchcock
1956 28th Academy Awards
(NBC)
March 21, 1956 fourth televised Academy Awards host in Hollywood: Jerry Lewis
co-hosts in Hollywood: Claudette Colbert and Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Grace Kelly as presenter
The Swan
(MGM)
first screening:
April 26, 1956
tenth feature film Grace Kelly, Alec Guinness, Louis Jourdan
directed by Charles Vidor
Wedding in Monaco
(MGM)
first screening:
May 17, 1956
short film 31-minute widescreen filmed record of the wedding of Grace Kelly to Prince Rainier
directed by Jean Masson
High Society
(MGM)
first screening:
July 17, 1956
eleventh feature film Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly, Frank Sinatra
directed by Charles Walters
The Perry Como Show
(NBC)
September 15, 1956 season 7 episode 6 live musical variety program features a segment filmed in the Monaco Royal Palace with Princess Grace and Prince Rainier; in other segments: Irene Dunne, Sal Mineo; host: Perry Como
1958 The Ed Sullivan Show
(CBS)
July 6, 1958 season 11 episode 41 third appearance of Grace Kelly, now Princess Grace, on the top-rated variety program, which was officially titled Toast of the Town until September 11, 1955; the live show presents a segment filmed in Monaco in which Princess Grace and Prince Rainier describe the two years of their marriage, mention 4-month-old Prince Albert and introduce 18-month-old Princess Caroline; in other segments: William Bendix, Carol Burnett, Esther Williams, Harold Lloyd and Duke Lloyd, Sally Blair, Professor Backwards, The Kirby Stone Four, Robert Q. Lewis, The Moridor Trio, Jumpin Joe Monahan, Wilbert Clark, Joe Cook, Jr., Jacqueline Dubeiffe, Elaine Herndon; host: Ed Sullivan

Discography

  • "True Love" (from High Society, duet with Bing Crosby, 1956)
  • Birds, Beasts & Flowers: A Programme of Poetry, Prose and Music (1980)

References

  1. ^ "POV overview of life and career of Grace Kelly and her family at ''findadeath.com''". Findadeath.com. http://www.findadeath.com/Deceased/k/GraceKelly/princessgrace.htm. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  2. ^ a b c Leigh, Wendy (March 20, 2007). True Grace: The Life and Times of an American Princess. Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 0-312-34236-5. 
  3. ^ Spoto, Donald (2009). High Society: The Life of Grace Kelly. Harmony. p. 22. ISBN 0307395618. 
  4. ^ ""The Private Life and Times of Gene Tierney"". Glamourgirlsofthesilverscreen.com. http://www.glamourgirlsofthesilverscreen.com/show/267/Gene+Tierney/index.html. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  5. ^ Tierney and Herskowitz (1978) Wyden Books, Self- Portrait p.150-151
  6. ^ New York Times article on Manhattan House
  7. ^ a b Hedda Hopper Collection. Maraget Herrick Library, Los Angeles. 
  8. ^ Spoto, Donald (1983). The Dark Side of Genius: The Life of Alfred Hitchcock. Boston: Little, Brown. ISBN 030680932X. 
  9. ^ Eyles, Allen (September 1987). James Stewart. Stein & Day. ISBN 0812882989. 
  10. ^ William Brogdon (1954-07-14). "Rear Window". Variety. http://www.variety.com/review/VE1117794347.html?categoryid=31&cs=1. Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
  11. ^ Nelson, Nancy (December 2002). Evenings With Cary Grant. Citadel. ISBN 080652412X. 
  12. ^ a b Grace Kelly (I) - Biography
  13. ^ Robyns, Gwen (1976). Princess Grace. New York: David McKay. ISBN 0440201071. 
  14. ^ "Larry King Live". CNN. 3 September 2003. http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0309/03/lkl.00.html. Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  15. ^ Gilbert, Dan (2009-12-30). "''Top Ten: Notorious cars'' report on automobile involved in Grace Kelly's fatal accident". Channel4.com. http://www.channel4.com/4car/ft/feature/top+ten/1737/8. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  16. ^ "BBC On This Day September 14th 1982". BBC News. 1985-09-14. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/14/newsid_2516000/2516601.stm. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  17. ^ "Death of Princess Grace - history - central - British Council - LearnEnglish". British Council. http://www.britishcouncil.org/learnenglish-central-history-princess-grace.htm. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  18. ^ Puente, Maria (2007-09-10). "Princess Grace lingers in memory". Usatoday.Com. http://www.usatoday.com/life/people/2007-09-10-grace-kelly_N.htm. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  19. ^ Princess Grace Foundation
  20. ^ http://www.visitmonaco.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=Page.viewPage&pageID=173
  21. ^ Healey, Barth (1993-03-21). "U.S. and Monaco Honor Grace Kelly". New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0CE4DA173DF932A15750C0A965958260. 
  22. ^ "Philadelphia Museum of Art - Information : Press Room : Press Releases : 2006". Philamuseum.org. http://www.philamuseum.org/press/releases/2006/492.html. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  23. ^ August 5, 2009  (2009-08-05). "Princess Grace, Cartier to get the royal treatment on Rodeo's Walk of Style | All The Rage | Los Angeles Times". Latimesblogs.latimes.com. http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/alltherage/2009/08/princess-grace-cartier-rodeo-drive-walk-of-style-beverly-hills-grace-kelly-honored-with-star.html. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 

External links

Monegasque royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Ghislaine Marie Françoise Dommanget
Princess consort of Monaco
1956  – 1982
Vacant

Grace Kelly
File:Grace
Princess Grace in 1981
Princess consort of Monaco
Tenure April 19, 1956 – September 14, 1982
Spouse Rainier III, Prince of Monaco
Issue
Caroline, Princess of Hanover
Albert II, Prince of Monaco
Princess Stéphanie of Monaco
Full name
Grace Patricia Kelly
Father John B. Kelly, Sr.
Mother Margaret Katherine Majer
Born 12 November 1929(1929-11-12)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Died 14 September 1982 (aged 52)
Monaco
Burial Monaco Cathedral
Occupation Actress
Signature File:Grace Kelly
Religion Roman Catholic

Grace Patricia Kelly (November 12, 1929 – September 14, 1982) was an American Academy Award-winning actress and Princess consort of Monaco. In April 1956 Kelly married Rainier III, Prince of Monaco, and became styled as Her Serene Highness The Princess of Monaco, and was commonly referred to as Princess Grace.

After embarking on an acting career in 1950, at the age of 20, Grace Kelly appeared in New York City theatrical productions as well as in more than forty episodes of live drama productions broadcast during the early 1950s Golden Age of Television. In October 1953, with the release of Mogambo, she became a movie star, a status confirmed in 1954 with a Golden Globe Award and Academy Award nomination as well as leading roles in five films, including The Country Girl, in which she gave a deglamorized, Academy Award-winning performance. She retired from acting at 26 to enter upon her duties in Monaco. She and Prince Rainier had three children: Caroline, Albert, and Stéphanie. She also retained her American roots, maintaining dual US and Monégasque citizenships. She died on September 14, 1982, two months before her 53rd birthday, when she lost control of her automobile and crashed after suffering a stroke. Her daughter Princess Stéphanie, who was in the car with her, survived the accident. In June 1999, the American Film Institute ranked her #13 in their list of top female stars of American cinema.

Contents

Family

A native of Philadelphia, Grace Kelly was born to John Brendan "Jack" Kelly (October 4, 1889–June 20, 1960), and his wife, Margaret Katherine Majer (December 13, 1898–January 6, 1990). The newborn was named in memory of her father's sister, who had died at a young age. She was raised Roman Catholic.[1] The family lived in a house at 3901 Henry Avenue in the East Falls neighborhood of the city.[2] Before her marriage, Margaret Majer studied physical education at Temple University and later became the first woman to head the Physical Education Department at the University of Pennsylvania. Jack Kelly was a local hero as a triple Olympic-gold-medal-winning sculler, and subsequently became a self-made millionaire, with his brick business rising to prominence as the largest such enterprise on the East Coast. Registering as a Democrat, he obtained the party's nomination for mayor in the 1935 election and lost by the closest margin for any Democrat in the city's electoral history. In later years, he served on the Fairmount Park Commission and, during World War II, was appointed by President Roosevelt as National Director of Physical Fitness.

When Grace was born, the Kellys already had two children, Margaret Katherine, known as Peggy (June 13, 1925–November 23, 1991) and John Brendan, Jr., known as Kell (May 24, 1927–May 2, 1985). Another daughter, Elizabeth Anne, known as Lizanne (June 25, 1933–November 24, 2009), was born three and a half years after Grace.

At Margaret's baptism in 1925, Jack Kelly's mother, Mary Costello Kelly, expressed her disappointment that the baby was not named Grace in memory of her last daughter who died young. Upon his mother's death the following year, Jack Kelly resolved that his next daughter would bear the name and, three years later, with the arrival of Grace Patricia in November 1929, his late mother's wish was honored.

Following in his father's athletic footsteps, John Jr. won in 1947 the James E. Sullivan Award as the country's top amateur athlete. Also, similar to his father's gold medals in rowing at the 1920 and 1924 Summer Olympics, he competed in the sport at the 1948, 1952 and the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne where, on November 27, seven months after his sister's Monaco wedding, he won a bronze medal, which he gave to her as a gift of the occasion. He also served as a city councilman and Philadelphia's Kelly Drive is named for him.

Two of Grace Kelly's uncles were prominent in the arts; her father's eldest brother, Walter C. Kelly (1873–1939), was a vaudeville star whose nationally known act, The Virginia Judge, was filmed as a 1930 MGM short and a 1935 Paramount feature, and another older brother, George Kelly (1887–1974), estranged from the family due to his homosexuality, became renowned in the 1920s as a dramatist, screenwriter and director with a hit comedy-drama, The Show Off, in 1924–25, and was awarded the 1926 Pulitzer Prize for Drama for his next play, Craig's Wife.[3]

Acting career

Grace Kelly
File:To Catch a
from the film To Catch a Thief
Born Grace Patricia Kelly
Years active 1950–1958

While attending Ravenhill Academy, a prestigious Catholic girls' school, Kelly modeled fashions at local social events with her mother and sisters. In 1942, at the age of twelve, she played a lead in Don't Feed the Animals, a play produced by the East Falls Old Academy Players.[3] During high school, she acted and danced, graduating in May 1947 from Stevens School, a small private institution in a mansion on Walnut Lane in the Northwest Philadelphia neighborhood of Germantown. Her graduation yearbook listed her favorite actress as Ingrid Bergman and her favorite actor as Joseph Cotten.[4] Written in the "Stevens' Prophecy" section was, “Miss Grace P. Kelly - a famous star of stage and screen.”

Theatre

Because of low mathematics scores, Kelly was rejected by Bennington College in July 1947.[citation needed] To the dismay of her mother, Kelly decided to pursue her dreams of a career in the theater. For an audition into the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York she used a scene from her uncle's 1923 play The Torch-Bearers. Although the school had already selected its semester quota, Kelly wrangled an interview with the school's admission officer, Emile Diestel. Alumni of the school include Lauren Bacall, Gene Tierney, and Spencer Tracy. Living in Manhattan's Barbizon Hotel for Women, a prestigious establishment which barred men from entering after 10 p.m., and working as a model to support her studies, Kelly began her first term the following October. A diligent student, she would use a tape recorder to practice and perfect her speech. Her early acting pursuits led her to the stage, most notably a Broadway debut in Strindberg’s The Father alongside Raymond Massey. At 19, her graduation performance was in The Philadelphia Story, a role with which she would also end her film career, in the MGM musical film version High Society.

Television producer Delbert Mann cast Kelly as Bethel Merriday, an adaptation of the Sinclair Lewis novel of the same name, in her first of nearly sixty live television programs. Success on television eventually brought her a role in a major motion picture. Kelly made her film debut in a small role in the 1951 film Fourteen Hours. She was noticed during a visit to the set by Gary Cooper, who subsequently starred with her in High Noon. Cooper was charmed by Kelly and said that she was "different from all these actresses we've been seeing so much of." However, her performance in Fourteen Hours was not noticed by critics, and did not lead to her receiving other film acting roles. She continued her work in the theater and on television.[3]

She was performing in Colorado’s Elitch Gardens when she received a telegram from Hollywood producer Stanley Kramer, offering her a co-starring role opposite Gary Cooper in High Noon.

Actress for MGM

[[File:|thumb|left|With Clark Gable in Mogambo]] To audition for the role of Linda Nordley in MGM's production of Mogambo, the studio had Kelly flown to Los Angeles in September 1952. Gene Tierney was initially cast in the role, but due to emotional problems dropped out at the last minute.[5][6] Kelly won the role, along with a 7-year contract, although she was hired at a relatively low salary of $850 a week. Kelly signed the deal under two conditions: First that, one out of every two years, she have time off to work in the theater and second, that she be able to live in New York City, at the now-landmarked Manhattan House, at 200 E. 66th Street.[7] Just two months later, in November, the cast arrived in Nairobi to begin production. She later told Hollywood columnist Hedda Hopper, "Mogambo had three things that interested me. John Ford, Clark Gable, and a trip to Africa with expenses paid. If Mogambo had been made in Arizona, I wouldn't have done it."[8] The role garnered her a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress and her first Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress.

After the success of Mogambo, Kelly starred in a TV play The Way of an Eagle, with Jean-Pierre Aumont before being cast in the film adaptation of Frederick Knott's Broadway hit Dial M for Murder. Alfred Hitchcock was slated to direct the film and would become one of Kelly's last mentors. Hitchcock also took full advantage of Kelly's virginal beauty on-camera. In a scene in which her character Margot Wendice is nearly murdered, a struggle breaks out between her and her would-be-killer Tony Dawson as she kicks her legs and flails her arms attempting to fight off her killer. Dial M for Murder opened in theaters in May 1954 to both positive reviews and box-office triumph.

Kelly began filming scenes for her next film, The Bridges at Toko-Ri, in January 1954 with William Holden. The role of Nancy, the cordially wretched wife of naval officer Harry (played by Holden), proved to be a minor but pivotal part of the story. Released in January 1955, The New Yorker wrote of Kelly and Holden's unbridled on-screen chemistry, taking note of Kelly's performance of the part "with quiet confidence."

In committing to the role of Lisa Fremont in Rear Window, Kelly unhesitatingly turned down the opportunity to star alongside Marlon Brando in On the Waterfront, which won her replacement, Eva Marie Saint, an Academy Award. "All through the making of Dial M for Murder, he [Hitchcock] sat and talked to me about Rear Window all the time, even before we had discussed my being in it."[9] Much like the shooting of Dial M for Murder, Kelly and Hitchcock shared a close bond of humor and admiration. Sometimes, however, minor strifes would emerge on set concerning the wardrobe:

At the rehearsal for the scene in Rear Window when I wore a sheer nightgown, Hitchcock called for Edith Head. He came over here and said, 'Look, the bosom is not right, we're going to have to put something in there.' He was very sweet about it; he didn't want to upset me, so he spoke quietly to Edith. When we went into my dressing room and Edith said, 'Mr. Hitchcock is worried because there's a false pleat here. He wants me to put in falsies.' Well, I said, 'You can't put falsies in this, it's going to show and I'm not going to wear them.' And she said, 'What are we going to do?' So we quickly took it up here, made some adjustments there, and I just did what I could and stood as straight as possible - without falsies. When I walked out onto the set Hitchcock looked at me and at Edith and said, 'See what a difference they make?'

Kelly's new co-star, James Stewart, was highly enthusiastic about working with her.[10] The role of Lisa Fremont, a wealthy Manhattan socialite and model, was unlike any of the previous women which she had played. For the very first time, she was an independent career woman. Stewart played a speculative photographer with a broken leg, bound to a wheelchair, who is curiously reduced to observing the happenings of tenants outside his window. Kelly is not seen until twenty-two minutes into the movie. Just as he had done earlier, Hitchcock provided the camera with a slow-sequenced silhouette of Kelly, along with a close-up of the two stars kissing and finally lingering closely on her profile. With the film's opening in October 1954, Kelly was again praised. Variety's film critic remarked on the casting, commenting about the "earthy quality to the relationship between Stewart and Miss Kelly. Both do a fine job of the picture's acting demands."[11]

Kelly won the role of Bing Crosby's long-suffering wife, Georgie Elgin, in The Country Girl, after a pregnant Jennifer Jones bowed out. Already familiar with the play, Kelly was desperate for the part. This meant that, to MGM's dismay, she would have to be loaned out to Paramount. Kelly threatened the studio that she would pack her bags and leave for New York for good. The vanquished studio caved in, and the part was hers.

The film also paired Kelly again with William Holden. The wife of a washed-up alcoholic singer, played by Crosby, Kelly's character is emotionally torn between two lovers. Holden willfully begs Kelly to leave her husband and be with him. A piece of frail tenderness manages to cloak itself inside of her, even after having been demonized by Crosby, describing "a pathetic hint of frailty in a wonderful glowing man. That appeals a lot to us. It did to me. I was so young. His weaknesses seemed touching and sweet, they made me love him more."

As a result of her performance in The Country Girl, Kelly was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress. Her main competitor for the prize was Judy Garland's much heralded comeback performance in A Star Is Born; playing not only the part of an up and coming actress-singer, but also ironically, the wife of an alcoholic movie star. Although Kelly won the New York Film Critics Circle Award for best actress for her performances in her three big movie roles of 1954 (Rear Window, Dial M For Murder, and The Country Girl), she and Garland both received Golden Globe Awards for their respective performances.

By the following March, the race between Kelly and Garland for the Oscar was very close. On the night of the Academy Awards telecast, March 30, 1955, Garland was unable to attend because she was in the hospital having just given birth to her son, Joseph Luft. However, she was rumored to be the odds-on favorite, and NBC Television cameras were set up in her hospital room so that if she was announced as the winner, Garland could make her acceptance speech live from her hospital bed. However, when William Holden announced Kelly as the winner, the technicians immediately dismantled the cameras without saying one word to Garland. Garland was reported not to have been very gracious about Kelly's win, saying in later years, "I didn't appreciate Grace Kelly taking off her makeup and walking away with my Oscar."

In April 1954, Kelly flew to Colombia for a 10-day shoot on her next project, Green Fire, with Stewart Granger. Kelly plays Catherine Knowland, a coffee plantation owner. In Granger's autobiography he writes of his distaste for the film's script, while Kelly later confided to Hedda Hopper, "It wasn't pleasant. We worked at a pathetic village - miserable huts and dirty. Part of the crew got shipwrecked ... It was awful."[8] Green Fire was a critical and box-office failure.

After the back-to-back filming of Rear Window, Toko-Ri, Country Girl and Green Fire, Kelly flew to France, along with department store heir Bernard "Barney" Strauss, to begin work on her third and last film for Alfred Hitchcock, To Catch a Thief. Kelly and her co-star, Cary Grant, developed a mutual admiration. The two cherished their time together for the rest of their lives. Years later, when asked to name his all-time favorite actress, Grant replied without hesitation: "Well, with all due respect to dear Ingrid Bergman, I much preferred Grace. She had serenity."[12] The fireworks scene has been the subject of much commentary, as Hitchcock subliminally peppers an undertone of sexual innuendo during the sequence.

Marriage

Kelly headed the US delegation at the Cannes Film Festival in April 1955. While there, she was invited to participate in a photo session at the Palace of Monaco with Prince Rainier III, the sovereign of the principality. After a series of delays and complications, Kelly met the prince in Monaco.

Upon returning to America, Kelly began work on The Swan, in which she coincidentally portrayed a princess. Meanwhile, she was privately beginning a correspondence with Rainier. In December, Rainier came to America on a trip officially designated as a tour, although it was speculated that Rainier was actively seeking a wife. A 1918 treaty with France stated that if Rainier did not produce an heir, Monaco would revert to France as a result of the Monaco Succession Crisis of 1918. At a press conference in the United States, Rainier was asked if he was pursuing a wife, to which he answered, "No." A second question was posed, asking, "If you were pursuing a wife, what kind would you like?" Rainier smiled and answered, "I don't know — the best." Rainier met Kelly and her family, and after three days, the prince proposed. Kelly accepted and the families began preparing for what the press called "The Wedding of the Century." Kelly and her family had to provide Prince Rainier with dowry of $2,000,000 USD in order for the marriage to go ahead. The religious wedding was set for April 19, 1956. News of the engagement was a sensation even though it meant the possible end to Kelly's film career. Industry professionals realized that it would have been impractical for her to continue acting and wished her well. Alfred Hitchcock had quipped that he was "very happy that Grace has found herself such a good part."

Preparations for the wedding were elaborate. The Palace of Monaco was painted and redecorated throughout. On April 4, 1956, leaving from Pier 84 in New York Harbor, Kelly, with her family, bridesmaids, poodle, and over eighty pieces of luggage boarded the ocean liner SS Constitution for the French Riviera. Some 400 reporters applied to sail, though most were turned away. Thousands of fans sent the party off for the eight-day voyage. In Monaco, more than 20,000 people lined the streets to greet the future princess consort.

That same year, MGM released Kelly's last film, the musical comedy High Society, (based on the studio's 1940 comedy Philadelphia Story). One highlight of the film was Kelly's duet with Bing Crosby, singing "True Love," with words and music by Cole Porter.

Princess of Monaco

As is customary in some countries, Kelly and Rainier had both civil and religious weddings. The 40-minute civil ceremony took place in the Palace Throne Room of Monaco on April 18, 1956, and was broadcast across Europe. To cap the ceremony, the 142 official titles (counterparts of Rainier's) that Kelly acquired in the union were formally recited. The following day the church ceremony took place at Monaco's Saint Nicholas Cathedral. Kelly's wedding dress, designed by MGM's Academy Award–winning Helen Rose, was worked on for six weeks by three dozen seamstresses. The 600 guests included Hollywood stars David Niven and his wife Hjördis, Gloria Swanson, Ava Gardner, the crowned head Aga Khan, Gloria Guinness, Daisy Fellowes, Etti Plesch, Lady Diana Cooper, Enid, Lady Kenmare, Loelia, Duchess of Westminster and Conrad Hilton. Frank Sinatra initially accepted an invitation but at the last minute decided otherwise, afraid of upstaging the bride on her wedding day. The ceremony was watched by an estimated 30 million people on television. The prince and princess left that night for their seven-week Mediterranean honeymoon cruise on Rainier's yacht, Deo Juvante II.

As Princess of Monaco, she founded AMADE Mondiale, a Monaco-based non-profit organization eventually recognized by the United Nations as a Non-Governmental Organization. According to UNESCO's website, AMADE promotes and protects the "moral and physical integrity" and "spiritual well-being of children throughout the world, without distinction of race, nationality or religion and in a spirit of complete political independence." Her daughter Princess Caroline carries the torch for AMADE today in her role as President.

Children and family

Princess Grace gave birth to the couple's first child, Princess Caroline, nine months and four days after the wedding. Twenty-one guns announced the event, a national holiday was called, gambling ceased, and free champagne flowed throughout the principality. A little over a year later, 101 guns announced the birth of their second child, Prince Albert. Prince Rainier and Princess Grace had three children:

File:Grace Kelly Expo67 pressonf - LAC
Princess Grace at a press conference in Montreal, during Expo 1967.

Later years

After the wedding, Prince Rainier banned the screening of Kelly's films.[13] Hitchcock offered Kelly the lead in his film Marnie in 1962. She was eager, but public outcry in Monaco against her involvement in a film that portrayed her as a kleptomaniac made her reconsider and ultimately reject the project. Director Herbert Ross attempted to lure Princess Grace for his 1977 film The Turning Point, but Prince Rainier quashed the idea. Later that year, Kelly returned to the arts in a series of poetry readings on stage and the narration of the documentary The Children of Theater Street. She also narrated ABC's made-for-television film The Poppy Is Also a Flower (1966).

As princess, Kelly was active in improving the arts institutions of Monaco, and eventually the Princess Grace Foundation was formed to support local artisans. She was one of the first celebrities to support and speak on behalf of La Leche League, an organization that advocates breastfeeding; she planned a yearly Christmas party for local orphans, and dedicated a Garden Club that reflected her love of flowers.

In 1981, the Prince and Princess celebrated their 25th wedding anniversary.

Personal life

Kelly was the object of the tabloids and gossip throughout her life. Her love life was a particular focus of speculation. Stories of affairs circulated from her first major role in motion pictures and eventually included the names of almost every major actor at the time.

During the making of Dial M for Murder, her co-star Ray Milland attempted to seduce her. Milland was 22 years older than she, but just as charming and suave as he was when she swooned over him years earlier as a teenager watching The Lost Weekend. Milland was married to Muriel Milland for thirty years, and the couple had a son. Milland assured Kelly that he had left his wife, which she would later find out to have been a lie.[14] Muriel Milland was one of the most popular wives in Hollywood and had the support of many friends, including gossip columnist Hedda Hopper. After Muriel Milland found out about the alleged affair, Kelly was branded a homewrecker. After Kelly gave a press interview explaining her side of the story the town seemed to lose interest in the scandal. It was never proven that Kelly actually succumbed to Milland's advances; in fact, her friends at the time, such as Rita Gam, believed she had little interest in him.

Russian fashion designer Oleg Cassini, having just seen Mogambo earlier that evening, encountered Grace Kelly having dinner at Le Veau d'Or. Formerly married to actress Gene Tierney, the original choice to play Mogambo's Linda Nordley, Cassini was raised in Florence and had a cultured air with an abundance of charm and courtliness. He became just as captivated by Kelly in person as he had been while watching her in the film and soon piqued her curiosity by sending her a daily bouquet of red roses. His persistence paid off when she accepted his invitation to lunch, with the provision that her eldest sister, Peggy, join them. Ultimately, her relationship with Cassini foundered on her parents' refusal to accept a divorced non-Catholic as a future son-in-law.

When she was a princess, Prince Rainier laid down a list of strict rules when it came to the encounters with the Princess at the palace, which included, no autographs, no photographs, no audio recording devices, and nobody was allowed to leave the room for anything, unless, and until, the Princess left the room first, so that she would avoid being trapped by a mob of fans. This observation was reported in 1963.[citation needed]

In a 1960s interview, Kelly explained how she had grown to accept the scrutiny as a part of being in the public eye, but expressed concern for her children’s exposure to such relentless scandalmongering. After her death, celebrity biographers chronicled the rumors with renewed enthusiasm.

Friendship with Josephine Baker

In 1951, the newly famous Kelly took a bold stand against a racist incident involving Black American expatriate singer/dancer Josephine Baker, when Sherman Billingsley's Stork Club in New York refused Baker as a customer. Kelly, who was dining at the club when this happened, was so disgusted that she rushed over to Baker (whom she had never met), took her by the arm, and stormed out with her entire party, vowing never to return (and she never did).[15] The two women became close friends after that night. A significant testament to their close friendship was made evident when Baker was near bankruptcy, and was offered a villa and financial assistance by Kelly (who by that time had become The Princess of Monaco) and her husband Rainier III of Monaco. The princess also encouraged Baker to return to performing and financed Baker's triumphant comeback in 1975, attending the opening night's performance. When Baker died, the Princess secured her burial in Monaco.[citation needed]

Death

On September 13, 1982, while driving with her daughter Stéphanie to Monaco from their country home, located in the French side of the border, Princess Grace suffered a stroke, which caused her to drive her 1980 Rover SD1(3500V8)[16] off the serpentine road down a mountainside. Grace was pulled alive from the wreckage, but had suffered serious injuries and was unconscious. She died the following day at the Monaco Hospital (renamed Centre Hospitalier Princesse Grace — The Princess Grace Hospital Centre in English—in 1985), having never regained consciousness. It was initially reported that Princess Stéphanie suffered only minor bruising, although it later emerged that she had suffered a serious cervical fracture.[17]

She was buried in the Grimaldi family vault on September 18, 1982, after a requiem mass in Saint Nicholas Cathedral, Monaco.[18] The 400 guests at the service included representatives of foreign governments and of present and past European royal houses. Diana, Princess of Wales represented the British royal family. Cary Grant was among the members of the film community in attendance. Nearly 100 million people worldwide watched her funeral.[19] Prince Rainier, who did not remarry, was buried alongside her following his death in 2005.[20]

In his eulogy, James Stewart said:

You know, I just love Grace Kelly. Not because she was a princess, not because she was an actress, not because she was my friend, but because she was just about the nicest lady I ever met. Grace brought into my life as she brought into yours, a soft, warm light every time I saw her, and every time I saw her was a holiday of its own. No question, I'll miss her, we'll all miss her, God bless you, Princess Grace.

Legacy

The Princess Grace Foundation, Monaco was founded in 1964 with the aim of helping those with special needs for whom no provision was made within the ordinary social services. In 1983, following Princess Grace's death, Caroline, Princess of Hanover assumed the duties of President of the Board of Trustees of the Foundation. Albert II, Prince of Monaco is Vice-President.[21]

The Princess Grace Foundation-USA (PGF-USA) was established following the death of Princess Grace of Monaco to continue the work she did, anonymously, during her lifetime, assisting emerging theater, dance and film artists in America. Incorporated in 1982, PGF-USA is headquartered in New York, and is a tax-exempt, not-for-profit, publicly supported organization. The Princess Grace Awards, a program of the Princess Grace Foundation-USA, has awarded nearly 500 artists at more than 100 institutions in the U.S. with more than $7 million to date. The Princess Grace Foundation-USA also holds the exclusive rights and facilitates the licensing of Princess Grace of Monaco's name and likeness throughout the world. Princess Grace Foundation-USA

On June 18, 1984, Prince Rainier inaugurated a public rose garden in Monaco in Princess Grace's memory due to her passion for the flower.[22]

In 1993, Princess Grace became the first U.S. actress to appear on a U.S. postage stamp.[13][23]

In 2003, 83 years after Olympic Gold Medalist John Kelly, Sr. was rejected entry at the most prestigious rowing event in the world, the Henley Royal Regatta renamed the Women's Quadruple Sculls after his daughter, "Princess Grace Challenge Cup". Princess Grace was invited to present the prizes at the Henley Royal Regatta in 1981 as a peace offering by the Henley Stewards to put a long conflict (61 years) between the Kelly family and Stewards to rest. Her brother, John Kelly, Jr., won the Diamond Sculls at Henley in 1947 and 1949 as well as a Bronze Medal in the single sculls at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne. In 2004, her son, Prince Albert, presented the prizes at the Henley Royal Regatta.

On April 1, 2006, The Philadelphia Museum of Art presented an exhibition entitled, Fit for a Princess: Grace Kelly's Wedding Dress, that ran through May 21, 2006. The exhibition was in honor of the 50th anniversary of Princess Grace and Prince Rainier's wedding.[24]

To commemorate the 25th anniversary of her death €2 commemorative coins were issued on July 1, 2007 with the "national" side bearing the image of Princess Grace. In Monaco (at the Grimaldi Forum) and the United States (at Sotheby's) a large Princess Grace exhibition, coordinated by the Princely Family, called "Grace, Princess of Monaco: A Tribute to the Life and Legacy of Grace Kelly", celebrated her life and her contribution to the arts through her Foundation.

In October 2009, a plaque was placed on the "Rodeo Drive Walk of Style" in recognition of Princess Grace's contributions to style and fashion.[25]

In November 2009, to commemorate what would have been her 80th birthday TCM named her as star of the month which saw Prince Albert II pay a special tribute to his mother.[26]

Titles and styles

Here is a list of titles The Princess of Monaco had in chronological order

  • Miss Grace Patricia Kelly (November 12, 1929 - April 18, 1956)
  • Her Serene Highness The Princess of Monaco (April 18, 1956 - Death)

Princess Grace official style and title was: Her Serene Highness The Princess of Monaco, Duchess of Valentina, Marchioness of Baux, Countess of Carlades, Baroness of Sain Lo, 101 times Dame.

Screen credits

Filmography

Year Title Role Director Co-stars
1951 Fourteen Hours Louise Ann Fuller Henry Hathaway Paul Douglas, Richard Basehart, Barbara Bel Geddes
1952 High Noon Amy Fowler Kane Fred Zinnemann Gary Cooper, Katy Jurado, Lloyd Bridges, Thomas Mitchell
1953 Mogambo Linda Nordley John Ford Clark Gable, Ava Gardner
1954 Dial M for Murder Margot Mary Wendice Alfred Hitchcock Ray Milland, Robert Cummings, John Williams
Rear Window Lisa Carol Fremont Alfred Hitchcock James Stewart, Wendell Corey, Thelma Ritter, Raymond Burr
The Country Girl Georgie Elgin George Seaton Bing Crosby, William Holden
Green Fire Catherine Knowland Andrew Marton Stewart Granger
The Bridges at Toko-Ri Nancy Brubaker Mark Robson William Holden, Fredric March, Mickey Rooney, Earl Holliman
1955 To Catch a Thief Frances Stevens Alfred Hitchcock Cary Grant
1956 The Swan Princess Alexandra Charles Vidor Alec Guinness, Louis Jourdan
High Society Tracy Samantha Lord Charles Walters Bing Crosby, Frank Sinatra, Celeste Holm

Television appearances and filmography

Year TV series and network Date of broadcast and episode title Episode sequence Cast, writer, director and explanatory notes
1948 Kraft Television Theatre
(NBC)
November 3, 1948:
"Old Lady Robbins"
season 2 episode 7 Ethel Owen, Grace Kelly
1950 The Philco Television Playhouse
(NBC)
January 8, 1950:
"Bethel Merriday"
season 2 episode 19 Grace Kelly as Bethel Merriday, Oliver Thorndike, Warren Stevens, Katherine Meskill, Mary Patton, Frank Stephens, Mary K. Wells
—————adapted from novel by Sinclair Lewis
directed by Delbert Mann
Ripley's Believe It or Not
(NBC)
January 11, 1950:
"The Voice of Obsession"
season 2 episode 2 John Hudson, Hildy Parks, Grace Kelly
Westinghouse Studio One
(CBS)
January 23, 1950:
"The Rockingham Tea Set"
season 2 episode 20 Starring Louise Allbritton as Celia Arden; Featuring Catherine Willard as Mrs. Arden, Judson Laire as Dr. Waller, Katherine Emmet as Mrs. Gregory; Introducing Grace Kelly as Sara Mappin, Richard McMurray as David Barr; Other players Cecil Scott and Nell Harrison
—————by Virginia Douglas Dawson
adapted by Worthington Miner and Matthew E. Harlib
directed by Franklin Schaffner
The Philco Television Playhouse
(NBC)
February 12, 1950:
"Ann Rutledge"
season 2 episode 24 Grace Kelly as Ann Rutledge, Stephen Courtleigh as Abraham Lincoln
Actors Studio
(CBS)
March 3, 1950:
"The Apple Tree"
season 2 episode 22 John Merivale, Patricia Kirkland, Grace Kelly
host: Marc Connelly
Cads, Scoundrels and Ladies
(NBC)
April 25, 1950:
"The Lovesick Robber"
drama special one-time hour-long live presentation replacing The Original Amateur Hour
Grace Kelly appears in "The Lovesick Robber", one of the comedy-drama one-act plays
The Play's the Thing
(CBS)
May 26, 1950:
"The Token"
season 1 episode 7 Mark Roberts, Grace Kelly
host: Marc Connelly
The Play's the Thing
(CBS)
June 9, 1950:
"The Swan"
season 1 episode 8 Grace Kelly as Princess Alexandra [the role she will play again in the 1956 film], George Keane as Nicholas Agi, Alfred Ryder as Prince Albert, Jane Hoffman as Princess Beatrix, Leopoldine Konstantin as Queen Maria Dominika, Dennis Hoey as Father Hyacinth
—————adapted from play by Ferenc Molnár
host: Marc Connelly; directed by David Pressman
Comedy Theater
(CBS)
July 9, 1950:
"Summer Had Better Be Good"
season 1 episode 1 Grace Kelly
—————by Ruth McKenney
Lights Out
(NBC)
July 17, 1950: "The Devil to Pay" season 2 episode 45 Jonathan Harris, Grace Kelly, Theodore Marcuse
directed by William Corrigan
Big Town
(CBS)
October 5, 1950: "The Pay-Off" season 1 episode 1 Patrick McVey, Mary K. Wells, Grace Kelly
directed by David Lowell Rich
The Clock
(NBC)
October 20, 1950:
"Vengeance"
season 2 episode 4 Torin Thatcher, Grace Kelly
—————adapted from novella by Balzac
directed by Grey Lockwood
The Web
(CBS)
November 1, 1950: "Mirror of Delusion" season 1 episode 18 Hugh Franklin, Anna Lee, Grace Kelly, Mary Stuart
host: Jonathan Blake
Somerset Maugham TV Theatre
(CBS)
November 15, 1950 season 1 episode 5 Leo Penn, Grace Kelly
—————adapted from story by W. Somerset Maugham
host: W. Somerset Maugham
Danger
(CBS)
December 19, 1950:
"The Sergeant and the Doll"
season 1 episode 13 Laura Weber, Grace Kelly, James Westerfield
host: Richard Stark
The Philco Television Playhouse
(NBC)
December 31, 1950:
"Leaf Out of a Book"
season 3 episode 17 Vicki Cummings, Lauren Gilbert, Grace Kelly, Claudia Morgan [restaged, again on NBC, with most of the same cast, on Goodyear Television Playhouse, broadcast July 6, 1952]
1951 The Prudential Family Playhouse
(CBS)
February 13, 1951:
"Berkeley Square"
season 1 episode 10 Richard Greene as Peter Standish, Grace Kelly as Helen Pettigrew, Rosalind Ivan as Lady Ann Pettigrew, Mary Scott as Kate Pettigrew
—————adapted from play by John L. Balderston
Nash Airflyte Theater
(CBS)
February 22, 1951:
"A Kiss for Mr. Lincoln"
season 1 episode 23 Richard Greene, Grace Kelly, Bruce Gordon, Sarah Cunningham, Sarah Floyd
host: William Gaxton
directed by David Pressman
Fourteen Hours
(TCF)
first screening:
March 6, 1951
first feature film Paul Douglas, Richard Basehart, Barbara Bel Geddes, Debra Paget, Agnes Moorehead, Robert Keith, Howard Da Silva, Jeffrey Hunter, Martin Gabel, Grace Kelly
directed by Henry Hathaway
Armstrong Circle Theatre
(NBC)
June 5, 1951:
"Lover's Leap"
season 1 episode 53 Leslie Nielsen, Grace Kelly, Don Murphy, Alan Abel, Larry Buchanan, Michael Keith, Charles Mendick
Armstrong Circle Theatre
(NBC)
November 27, 1951: "Brand from the Burning" season 2 episode 11 Thomas Coley, Grace Kelly
host: Nelson Case
The Philco Television Playhouse
(NBC)
December 30, 1951: "The Sisters" season 4 episode 6 Leslie Nielsen, Grace Kelly, Dorothy Peterson, Natalie Schafer
—————by Robert Alan Aurthur
directed by Gordon Duff
1952 CBS Television Workshop
(CBS)
January 13, 1952:
"Don Quixote"
season 1 episode 4 Boris Karloff as Don Quixote, Jimmy Savo as Sancho Panza, Grace Kelly as Dulcinea
—————adapted from the Cervantes classic
directed by Sidney Lumet
Hallmark Television Playhouse
(NBC)
January 20, 1952:
"The Big Build Up"
season 1 episode 4 Grace Kelly as Claire, Richard Derr, Vinton Hayworth, Parker McCormick, Harry Mehaffey, Elinor Randel
—————adapted from novel by Michael Foster
host: Sarah Churchill; directed by William Corrigan
Danger
(CBS)
February 5, 1952:
"Prelude to Death"
season 2 episode 21 Grace Kelly, Carmen Mathews
host: Richard Stark
The Philco Television Playhouse
(NBC)
February 10, 1952:
"Rich Boy"
season 4 episode 9 Gene Lyons as Anson Hunter, Grace Kelly as Paula Legendre, Phyllis Kirk as Dolly Karger, Kathleen Comegys as Aunt Edna, Mary Jackson, Henry Hart, Robert McQueeney, Tom Pedi, Geoffrey Lumb, David White, Eric Sinclair
—————adapted by Walter Bernstein from short story by F. Scott Fitzgerald; directed by Delbert Mann
Lux Video Theatre
(CBS)
February 18, 1952:
"Life, Liberty and Orrin Dudley"
season 2 episode 26 Jackie Cooper as Orrin Dudley, Grace Kelly as Beth
—————teleplay by John Whedon
directed by Richard Goode
Lights Out
(NBC)
March 17, 1952:
"The Borgia Lamp"
season 4 episode 30 Robert Sterling, Grace Kelly, Hugh Griffith
Robert Montgomery Presents
(NBC)
June 2, 1952:
"Candles for Theresa"
season 3 episode 31 Robert Sterling, Grace Kelly
host: Robert Montgomery
Kraft Television Theatre
(NBC)
June 11, 1952: "The Cricket on the Hearth" season 5 episode 40 Russell Hardie as Edward Plummer, Grace Kelly as May Fielding
—————adaptation of the Dickens classic
Suspense
(CBS)
Tuesday, July 1, 1952, 9:30–10pm:
"Fifty Beautiful Girls"
season 4 episode 41 Joseph Anthony, Grace Kelly, Rusty Lane, Robert Keith, Jr.; host: Rex Marshall
[since this episode and the one below were both broadcast live, research has not yet determined how Grace Kelly could have simultaneously performed in both productions]
Armstrong Circle Theatre
(NBC)
Tuesday, July 1, 1952, 9:30–10pm:
"City Editor"
season 2 episode 41 Louise Allbritton, Shepperd Strudwick, Grace Kelly
host: Joe Ripley
[since this episode was apparently broadcast simultaneously with the one above, it is inexplicable how Grace Kelly could have appeared on both]
Goodyear Television Playhouse
(NBC)
July 6, 1952:
"Leaf Out of a Book"
season 1 episode 20 Lauren Gilbert, Grace Kelly, Claudia Morgan
[restaged production, again on NBC, with most of the same cast, of December 31, 1950 episode of Philco Television Playhouse]
High Noon
(Stanley Kramer Productions)
first screening:
July 7, 1952
second feature film Gary Cooper, Thomas Mitchell, Lloyd Bridges, Katy Jurado, Grace Kelly
directed by Fred Zinnemann
Kraft Television Theatre
(NBC)
August 29, 1952:
"The Small Hours"
season 5 episode 49 Lauren Gilbert as Henry Mitchell, Katherine Meskill as Laura Mitchell, Grace Kelly as Dorothy Mitchell
—————adapted from play by George S. Kaufman and Leueen MacGrath
Armstrong Circle Theatre
(NBC)
September 2, 1952:
"Recapture"
season 2 episode 48 Darren McGavin, Grace Kelly, Barbara Baxley
host: Joe Ripley
directed by Garry Simpson
Westinghouse Studio One
(CBS)
September 22, 1952:
"The Kill"
season 5 episode 1 Starring Dick Foran as Jeff, Nina Foch as Carrie, Grace Kelly as Freda, Paul Langton as Marsh, Harry Townes as Dave, Don Hanmer as Al, Carl Frank as Link, George Mitchell as Abner, Joe Maross as Nebro, Alan Devitt as Cap Manny, Frank Marth as Bub, James Coots as Sheriff, Arthur Junaleska as Billy, Lynn Loring as Carol
—————based on The Mountains Have No Shadow by Owen Cameron; written for television by Reginald Rose; directed by Franklin Schaffner
Lux Video Theatre
(CBS)
September 29, 1952: "A Message for Janice" season 3 episode 6 Jackie Cooper, Grace Kelly as Janice, George Hall
—————by S. H. Barnett from story by Walter C. Brown
directed by Richard Goode
1953 Lux Video Theatre
(CBS)
May 14, 1953: "The Betrayer" season 3 episode 37 Robert Preston, Grace Kelly as Meg
—————written by Charles L. Emmons
directed by Fielder Cook
The Philco Television Playhouse
(NBC)
June 7, 1953:
"The Way of the Eagle"
season 5 episode 24 Jean-Pierre Aumont, Grace Kelly
Kraft Television Theatre
(NBC)
June 17, 1953:
"Boy of Mine"
season 6 episode 37 Henry Jones, Grace Kelly, Martin Newman
Mogambo
(MGM)
first screening:
October 9, 1953
third feature film Clark Gable, Ava Gardner, Grace Kelly
directed by John Ford
Toast of the Town
(CBS)
October 18, 1953 season 7 episode 6 nine days after release of Mogambo, Grace Kelly performed on America's top-rated star-driven variety program; in other segments: David Wayne, Ralph Meeker, John Forsythe; host: Ed Sullivan
1954 Kraft Television Theatre
(NBC)
January 6, 1954:
"The Thankful Heart"
season 7 episode 19 Florenz Ames, John Stephen
[nearly seven months after appearing in her previous live TV drama (on the same anthology series) and, on the brink of movie stardom, with full schedule of film starring roles, Grace Kelly here gives her final performance for the Golden Age of Television]
26th Academy Awards
(NBC)
March 25, 1954 second televised Academy Awards host in Hollywood: Donald O'Connor
host in New York: Fredric March
Grace Kelly as presenter and also nominee for Best Supporting Actress in Mogambo
The Country Girl
(Paramount)
first screening:
May 17, 1954
fourth feature film Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly, William Holden
directed by George Seaton
Dial M for Murder
(Warner)
first screening:
May 29, 1954
fifth feature film Ray Milland, Grace Kelly, Robert Cummings
directed by Alfred Hitchcock
Rear Window
(Paramount)
first screening:
August 1, 1954
sixth feature film James Stewart, Grace Kelly, Wendell Corey
directed by Alfred Hitchcock
Miss America Pageant
(ABC)
September 11, 1954 first Miss America Pageant televised host for the pageant: Bob Russell
commentator for ABC network: John Daly
co-host for ABC network: Bess Myerson
Grace Kelly as one of the judges
The Bridges at Toko-Ri
(Paramount)
Los Angeles preview:
September 25, 1954
seventh feature film William Holden, Grace Kelly, Fredric March
directed by Mark Robson
Green Fire
(MGM)
first screening:
December 24, 1954
eighth feature film Stewart Granger, Grace Kelly, Paul Douglas
directed by Andrew Marton
1955 Toast of the Town
(CBS)
January 9, 1955: season 8 episode 18 Grace Kelly's second performance on the top-rated variety program; in other segments: José Greco, Forrest Tucker, Guy Mitchell, James Michener, The Shipstad & Johnson Ice Follies with Werner Groebli, The U.S.O. Hollywood Troupe, The Kermond Brothers, Richard Dwyer, Marie Crimmins; host: Ed Sullivan
27th Academy Awards
(NBC)
March 30, 1955 third televised Academy Awards host in Hollywood: Bob Hope
host in New York: Thelma Ritter
Grace Kelly as presenter and also nominee (and eventual winner) for Best Actress in The Country Girl
To Catch a Thief
(Paramount)
first screening:
August 3, 1955
ninth feature film Cary Grant, Grace Kelly, Jessie Royce Landis
directed by Alfred Hitchcock
1956 28th Academy Awards
(NBC)
March 21, 1956 fourth televised Academy Awards host in Hollywood: Jerry Lewis
co-hosts in Hollywood: Claudette Colbert and Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Grace Kelly as presenter
The Swan
(MGM)
first screening:
April 26, 1956
tenth feature film Grace Kelly, Alec Guinness, Louis Jourdan
directed by Charles Vidor
Wedding in Monaco
(MGM)
first screening:
May 17, 1956
short film 31-minute widescreen filmed record of the wedding of Grace Kelly to Prince Rainier
directed by Jean Masson
High Society
(MGM)
first screening:
July 17, 1956
eleventh feature film Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly, Frank Sinatra
directed by Charles Walters
The Perry Como Show
(NBC)
September 15, 1956 season 7 episode 6 live musical variety program features a segment filmed in the Monaco Royal Palace with Princess Grace and Prince Rainier; in other segments: Irene Dunne, Sal Mineo; host: Perry Como
1958 The Ed Sullivan Show
(CBS)
July 6, 1958 season 11 episode 41 third appearance of Grace Kelly, now Princess Grace, on the top-rated variety program, which was officially titled Toast of the Town until September 11, 1955; the live show presents a segment filmed in Monaco in which Princess Grace and Prince Rainier describe the two years of their marriage, mention 4-month-old Prince Albert and introduce 18-month-old Princess Caroline; in other segments: William Bendix, Carol Burnett, Esther Williams, Harold Lloyd and Duke Lloyd, Sally Blair, Professor Backwards, The Kirby Stone Four, Robert Q. Lewis, The Moridor Trio, Jumpin Joe Monahan, Wilbert Clark, Joe Cook, Jr., Jacqueline Dubeiffe, Elaine Herndon; host: Ed Sullivan

Discography

  • "True Love" (from High Society, duet with Bing Crosby, 1956)
  • Birds, Beasts & Flowers: A Programme of Poetry, Prose and Music (1980)

References

  1. ^ Forshaw, Barry (2009-05-28). "High Society: Grace Kelly and Hollywood by Donald Spoto". Donald Spoto (The Times). http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/books/non-fiction/article6379808.ece. Retrieved 2010-05-20. "Born in 1929 and raised by stiff-necked Catholic parents in Philadelphia... Philadelphia convent girl (always remaining Roman Catholic..." 
  2. ^ "POV overview of life and career of Grace Kelly and her family at ''findadeath.com''". Findadeath.com. http://www.findadeath.com/Deceased/k/GraceKelly/princessgrace.htm. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  3. ^ a b c Leigh, Wendy (March 20, 2007). True Grace: The Life and Times of an American Princess. Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 0-312-34236-5. 
  4. ^ Spoto, Donald (2009). High Society: The Life of Grace Kelly. Harmony. p. 22. ISBN 0307395618. 
  5. ^ ""The Private Life and Times of Gene Tierney"". Glamourgirlsofthesilverscreen.com. http://www.glamourgirlsofthesilverscreen.com/show/267/Gene+Tierney/index.html. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  6. ^ Tierney and Herskowitz (1978) Wyden Books, Self- Portrait p.150-151
  7. ^ New York Times article on Manhattan House
  8. ^ a b Hedda Hopper Collection. Maraget Herrick Library, Los Angeles. 
  9. ^ Spoto, Donald (1983). The Dark Side of Genius: The Life of Alfred Hitchcock. Boston: Little, Brown. ISBN 030680932X. 
  10. ^ Eyles, Allen (September 1987). James Stewart. Stein & Day. ISBN 0812882989. 
  11. ^ William Brogdon (1954-07-14). "Rear Window". Variety. http://www.variety.com/review/VE1117794347.html?categoryid=31&cs=1. Retrieved 2009-06-17. 
  12. ^ Nelson, Nancy (December 2002). Evenings With Cary Grant. Citadel. ISBN 080652412X. 
  13. ^ a b Grace Kelly (I) - Biography
  14. ^ Robyns, Gwen (1976). Princess Grace. New York: David McKay. ISBN 0440201071. 
  15. ^ "Larry King Live". CNN. 3 September 2003. http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0309/03/lkl.00.html. Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  16. ^ Gilbert, Dan (2009-12-30). "''Top Ten: Notorious cars'' report on automobile involved in Grace Kelly's fatal accident". Channel4.com. Archived from the original on June 2, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080602040116/http://www.channel4.com/4car/ft/feature/top+ten/1737/8. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  17. ^ "BBC On This Day September 14th 1982". BBC News. 1985-09-14. http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/14/newsid_2516000/2516601.stm. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  18. ^ "Death of Princess Grace - history - central - British Council - LearnEnglish". British Council. http://www.britishcouncil.org/learnenglish-central-history-princess-grace.htm. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  19. ^ Puente, Maria (2007-09-10). "Princess Grace lingers in memory". Usatoday.Com. http://www.usatoday.com/life/people/2007-09-10-grace-kelly_N.htm. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  20. ^ "Monaco Cathedral". Service Informatique du Ministère d'Etat (Monaco Minister of State Information Service. 28 July 2008. http://www.gouv.mc/devwww/wwwnew.nsf/1909$/b1c5425907fc1876c125706d0042ab74gb?OpenDocument&2Gb. Retrieved 2010-10-16. 
  21. ^ Princess Grace Foundation[dead link]
  22. ^ http://www.visitmonaco.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=Page.viewPage&pageID=173
  23. ^ Healey, Barth (1993-03-21). "U.S. and Monaco Honor Grace Kelly". New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0CE4DA173DF932A15750C0A965958260. 
  24. ^ "Philadelphia Museum of Art - Information : Press Room : Press Releases : 2006". Philamuseum.org. http://www.philamuseum.org/press/releases/2006/492.html. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  25. ^ "Princess Grace, Cartier to get the royal treatment on Rodeo's Walk of Style | All The Rage | Los Angeles Times". Latimesblogs.latimes.com. 2009-08-05. http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/alltherage/2009/08/princess-grace-cartier-rodeo-drive-walk-of-style-beverly-hills-grace-kelly-honored-with-star.html. Retrieved 2010-03-13. 
  26. ^ "Now Playing: Grace Kelly: Star of the Month -- (TCM Original) Prince Albert II of Monaco". tcm.com. http://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/index/?o_cid=mediaroomlink&cid=274872. Retrieved 2010-06-04. 

External links

File:Libertybell alone small.jpg Philadelphia portal
Monegasque royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Ghislaine Marie Françoise Dommanget
Princess consort of Monaco
1956  – 1982
Vacant

Simple English

Grace Kelly (November 12, 1929 - September 14, 1982) is an American actress. She later married Prince Rainier III of Monaco and became Her Serene Highness The Princess of Monaco. With Prince Rainier III, they had 3 children. Hereditary Princess Caroline Louise Marguerite, born January 23, 1957, and now heiress presumptive to the throne of Monaco, Albert II, Prince of Monaco, born March 14, 1958, and Princess Stéphanie Marie Elisabeth, born February 1, 1965. A few of her films included 3 Hitchock films, Alfred Hitchcock: Dial M for Murder, Rear Window, and To Catch a Thief. In 1955 she won an Academy Award for the Country Girl. She was the first actress to appear on a postage stamp. She was also mentioned in Billy Joel's song "We didn't start the fire" and in Mika's song "Grace Kelly" (2007). The classic head-cover of a silk scarf crossed under the chin and knotted at the side or nape of the neck is universally known as the "Grace Kelly." This chic look is still copied by many female Hollywood stars when they wish to retain a degree of anonymity in the public eye.








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