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Gradungulidae: Wikis


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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Superfamily: Austrochiloidea
Family: Gradungulidae
Zapfe, 1955

see text

7 genera, 16 species

The Gradungulidae are a small spider family with 16 species in seven genera. They are medium to large three-clawed haplogyne spiders with two pairs of book-lungs (like Mygalomorphae).

The genus Gradungula lives in forest litter. Progradungula is the only cribellate genus of the family.

It spins an extensive web consisting of an upper retreat tangle with connecting threads to scaffolding, which supports the ladder-like catching platform, which in turn is glued to the ground. Progradungula is a large spider with very long legs; it resembles Hickmania (Austrochilidae)



Gradungula Forster, 1955

Kaiya Gray, 1987

Macrogradungula Gray, 1987

  • Macrogradungula moonya Gray, 1987Queensland

Pianoa Forster, 1987

  • Pianoa isolata Forster, 1987 — New Zealand

Progradungula Forster & Gray, 1979

Spelungula Forster, 1987

Tarlina Gray, 1987

  • Tarlina daviesae Gray, 1987 — Queensland
  • Tarlina milledgei Gray, 1987 — New South Wales
  • Tarlina noorundi Gray, 1987 — New South Wales
  • Tarlina simipes Gray, 1987 — Queensland
  • Tarlina smithersi Gray, 1987 — New South Wales
  • Tarlina woodwardi (Forster, 1955) — Queensland

See also


  • Forster, R.R., Gray, M.R. (1979): Progradungula, a new cribellate genus of the spider family Gradungulidae (Araneae). Australian Journal of Zoology 27: 1051-1071. Abstract
  • Forster, R.R., Platnick, N.I. and Gray, M.R. (1987): A review of the spider superfamilies Hypochiloidea and Austrochiloidea (Araneae, Araneomorphae). Bulletin of the AMNH 185(1): 1-116 Abstract - PDF (50Mb)
  • Platnick, Norman I. (2007): The world spider catalog, version 8.0. American Museum of Natural History.

External links



Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies


Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Superfamilia: Austrochiloidea
Familia: Gradungulidae
Genera: Gradungula - Kaiya - Macrogradungula - Pianoa - Progradungula - Spelungula - Tarlina


Gradungulidae Zapfe, 1955

Vernacular names


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