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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Graham E. Fuller is an American author and political analyst, specializing in Islamic extremism.[1] Formerly vice-chair of the National Intelligence Council[2], he also served as Station Chief in Kabul for the CIA. A "think piece" that Fuller wrote for the CIA was identified as instrumental in leading to the Iran-contra affair.[3][4] After a career in the United States State Department and CIA lasting 27 years,[5] he joined Rand Corporation as senior political scientist specializing in the Middle East.[3][6][7] As of 2006, he was affiliated with the Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, Canada as an adjunct professor of history.[8] He is the author of a number of books, including The Future of Political Islam.[9]



Fuller attended Harvard University, where he earned a Master of Arts degree in Russian and Middle Eastern Studies.[8] Thereafter he took employment with the State Department of the United States, entering Foreign Service in Europe, Asia and the Middle East.[7] In 1982, the CIA appointed him National Intelligence Officer for Near East and South Asia[10], and in 1986 appointed him vice-chairman of the National Intelligence Council.[11][12]

In 1987, Fuller was identified as the author of a 1985 study that according to the New York Times was "instrumental" in the decision of the Reagan Administration to secretly contact leaders in Iran and "eventually led to the covert sale of United States weapons to Teheran in what became the Iran-contra affair."[3][4] The document suggested that the Soviet Union was in position to influence Iran and that the United States might gain influence by selling arms to the country.[13] According to Fuller, he had revised his opinion as the situation developed, but though he had told Government officials, a written report on the change was not circulated.[13] Fuller denied that the original "think piece" he had prepared with Howard Teicher was " support Administration policy."[13]

Fuller left the CIA in 1988 for the RAND Corporation, remaining as a senior political scientist until 2000.[8] An active author and media spokesman, Fuller is affiliated with the Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, Canada, as an adjunct history professor.

Select publications


Solo publications

  • The center of the universe: the geopolitics of Iran. Westview Press. 1991. ISBN 0813311586.  
  • The democracy trap: the perils of the post-Cold War world. Dutton. 1991. ISBN 0525933719.  
  • The future of political Islam (revised ed.). Palgrave Macmillan. 2003. ISBN 1403961360.  
  • The new Turkish republic: Turkey as a pivotal state in the Muslim world. US Institute of Peace Press. 2008. ISBN 1601270194.  


  • Barkey, Henri J.; Graham E. Fuller (1998). Turkey's Kurdish question. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0847685535.  
  • Francke, Rend Rahim; Graham E. Fuller (2001). The Arab Shi'a: the forgotten Muslims. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0312239564.  
  • Fuller, Graham E.; Ian O. Lesser (1995). A sense of siege: the geopolitics of Islam and the West. Westview Press. ISBN 0813321492.  
  • Fuller, Graham E.; Ian O. Lesser, Paul B. Henze, James F. Brown (1993). Turkey's new geopolitics: from the Balkans to Western China. Westview Press. ISBN 0813386608.  
  • Ronfeldt, David F.; John Arquilla, Arroyo Center, Graham E. Fuller, Melissa Fuller (1998). The zapatista "social netwar" in Mexico. Rand Corporation. ISBN 0833026569.  


  1. ^ Borger, Julian (5 January 2000). "Two more arrests as FBI investigates 'bomb plot'". The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-05-20.  
  2. ^ Betts, Richard K. (2009). Enemies of Intelligence: Knowledge and Power in American National Security. Columbia University Press. pp. 90. ISBN 023113889X.  
  3. ^ a b c "Washington Talk: Briefing; C.I.A. Secrets". New York Times. Monday, February 15, 1988. Retrieved 2009-05-20.  
  4. ^ a b Bar-Joseph, Uri (1995). Intelligence intervention in the politics of democratic states the United States, Israel and Britain. Penn State Press. pp. 17. ISBN 0271025751.  
  5. ^ "The Kurdish Question (transcript)". NewsHour With Jim Lehrer. PBS. February 17, 1999. Retrieved 2009-05-20.  
  6. ^ Broder, Jonathan (1988-02-15). "Into the Kurdish Quagmire". Retrieved 2009-05-20.  
  7. ^ a b Goodman, Melvin Allan (2008). Failure of intelligence: the decline and fall of the CIA. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 91. ISBN 0742551105.  
  8. ^ a b c "Speaker Bio: Graham E. Fuller". Boston University. 2006. Retrieved 2009-05-20.  
  9. ^ Perry, Mitch E. (08/15/06). "Former CIA analyst on Sunni-Shia schism". WMNF 88.5 FM. Retrieved 2009-05-20.  
  10. ^ Cannon, Lou (2000). revised. ed. President Reagan: the role of a lifetime. PublicAffairs. pp. 532. ISBN 1891620916.  
  11. ^ Cordovez, Diego; Harrison, Selig S. (1995). Out of Afghanistan: the inside story of the Soviet withdrawal. Oxford University Press US. pp. 103. ISBN 0195062949.  
  12. ^ Gardels, Nathan; Medavoy, Mike (2009). American Idol After Iraq: Competing for Hearts and Minds in the Global Media Age. John Wiley and Sons. pp. 131. ISBN 1405187417.  
  13. ^ a b c Gordon, Michael R. (Friday, March 20, 1987). "White House knew of a shift on Iran, C.I.A. official say". New York Times.  

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