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Graham Douglas Leonard KCVO (8 May 1921 – 6 January 2010[1]) was a British cleric. He was formerly a bishop of the Church of England (Anglican) but became a Roman Catholic after his retirement.

Contents

Early life

Leonard was educated at Monkton Combe School and Balliol College, Oxford. He was commissioned into the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry during the Second World War,[2] before attending Westcott House, Cambridge. He was ordained deacon in 1947 and priest the following year.

Early ministry

Before becoming the Bishop of Willesden he was the Rector of St Andrew Undershaft with St Mary Axe in the City of London and the Archdeacon of Hampstead. He was appointed the Bishop of Willesden in 1964.[3]

Bishop

Leonard had three episcopal positions in the Church of England, firstly as the Suffragan Bishop of Willesden in the Diocese of London and later as the Bishop of Truro (1973 to 1981)[4][5] and the Bishop of London (1981 to 1991).[6][7] During this last period he was Dean of the Chapel Royal,[8] a Royal Household office, for which he was appointed Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO).[9] He was also Prelate of the Order of the British Empire.[10]

Ordination in the Roman Catholic Church

An outspoken critic of moves to ordain women to the priesthood within the Anglican Communion, after his retirement Leonard eventually left the Church of England to become a Roman Catholic. On 23 April 1994 he was conditionally ordained as a priest (but not as a bishop) in the Roman Catholic Church. Although the Roman Catholic Church still does not officially recognise the validity of Anglican ordinations, Leonard's ordination was conditional due to there being "prudent doubt" about the invalidity of his previous ordination in the Church of England.[11] Leonard claimed that he was not firstly also ordained a deacon and has said that the Pope's personal instruction was that he should be ordained immediately to the priesthood 'sub conditione'. He was later appointed a papal chaplain with the title Monsignor and then a prelate of honour by Pope John Paul II on 3 August 2000.

Family

Leonard was the brother-in-law to the late academic Michael Swann (Lord Swann of Coln St Denys) and Hugh Swann, cabinet maker to Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, having married their sister, Priscilla Swann. He and his wife had two sons.

References

  1. ^ Daily Telegraph issue number 48,085 (dated 7 January 2010) Obituary p31
    Bishop of London who became the most senior Anglican defector to Rome since the Reformation
  2. ^ Who's Who, 1987, page 1071
  3. ^ London Gazette: no. 43432, p. 7670, 11 September 1964. Retrieved on 2008-02-28.
  4. ^ London Gazette: no. 46071, p. 10695, 7 September 1973. Retrieved on 2008-02-28.
  5. ^ London Gazette: no. 48758, p. 12687, 7 October 1981. Retrieved on 2008-02-28.
  6. ^ London Gazette: no. 48628, p. 7523, 2 June 1981. Retrieved on 2008-02-28.
  7. ^ London Gazette: no. 52534, p. 7593, 16 May 1991. Retrieved on 2008-02-28.
  8. ^ London Gazette: no. 48686, p. 9605, 21 July 1981. Retrieved on 2008-02-28.
  9. ^ London Gazette: no. 52525, p. 7063, 7 May 1991. Retrieved on 2008-02-28.
  10. ^ London Gazette: no. 48697, p. 10105, 4 August 1981. Retrieved on 2008-02-28.
  11. ^ Statement of Cardinal Hume on the ordination of Anglican bishop Graham Leonard as a Roman Catholic priest

External links

Church of England titles
Preceded by
George Ernest Ingle
Bishop of Willesden
1964–1973
Succeeded by
Geoffrey Hewlett Thompson
Preceded by
John Maurice Key
Bishop of Truro
1973–1981
Succeeded by
Peter Mumford
Preceded by
Gerald Ellison
Bishop of London
1981–1991
Succeeded by
David Hope
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