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Gramado, Rio Grande do Sul

Seal
Nickname(s): Hydrangeas' Garden
Geographical subdivisions of Rio Grande do Sul. Gramado is highlighted with red.
Coordinates: 29°24′17″S 50°52′35″W / 29.40472°S 50.87639°W / -29.40472; -50.87639
State Rio Grande do Sul
Incorporated December 15, 1954
Government
 - Mayor Nestor Tissot
Area [1]
 - Total 237 km2 (91.5 sq mi)
Elevation 850 m (2,789 ft)
Population (2007)[1]
 - Total 31,655
 - Density 133.6/km2 (346/sq mi)
 - Demonym Gramadense
Website www.gramado.rs.gov.br

Gramado is a municipality and small touristic town, southeast of Caxias do Sul and east of Nova Petrópolis in the southern Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul, in the Serra Gaúcha region. Most of the population of Gramado are of German or Italian descent. Gramado is one of the towns along the scenic route known as Rota Romântica.

Gramado hosts the Festival de Gramado, a major South American film festival and Gramado's most important event. Gramado is also known by hydrangeas blossoming in late spring. Another key event in Gramado is Natal Luz, when Gramado is decked out in lights and wreathes made of recycled material by local residents.

Contents

History

Gramado was originally settled in 1875 by Portuguese immigrants. Five years later, the first German immigrants arrived and these were followed shortly after by Italian immigrants from the Italian settlements in Caxias do Sul.

In 1913, the town seat was moved to Linha Nova, where now is the town center. At this time, Gramado was an unincorporated township within the municipality of Taquara. Railway arrived in Gramado in 1921, boosting the local economy. Gramado became officially a village in 1937, when Gramado was already known as a summer holiday resort. Gramado became a municipality in December 15, 1954 by force of State Act 2,522[2].

Politics and Government

Gramado Government is in a strong mayor-council government model, as set forth by the Brazilian Constitution of 1988. Elections for both mayoral and legislative offices are held every fourth year. The Mayor may seek reelection once, while Councilmen have no restriction on terms they may serve.

Executive Branch

Executive powers are held by the Mayor of Gramado, who appoints a Cabinet, the heads of several municipal bodies and members of the Planning Commission. Current Mayor is Nestor Tissot[3] (PP) elected in 2008. Current Deputy Mayor is Luia Barbacovi[4].

Cabinet Membership

  1. Secretary of Administration: Felipe Altreiter;
  2. Secretary of Agriculture: Camilo Roldo;
  3. Secretary of Industry, Commerce and Services: Luia Barbacovi:
  4. Secretary of Education: Maria Elizabete Moschen;
  5. Secretary of the Environment: Nelson Broering
  6. Secretary of Health: Jeferson Moschen;
  7. Secretary for Social Integration: Ilton Gomes;
  8. Secretary of Public Works: Rafel Ronsoni;
  9. Secretary of Finances: João Till;
  10. Secretary of Tourism: Gilberto Tomasini
  11. Secretary of Urban Planning: Vonei Benetti.

Legislative Branch

All Legislative powers are vested in the Gramado Town Council. Gramado Town Council is a unicameral, open list, nine-member legislature. Gramado Town Council is seated at Municipal Culture centre and holds weekly sessions, between February and December. The Speaker, Committee chairmen and members are elected every year; the current Speaker of the Council is Jaime Schaumlöffel (Progressive Party).

Town Council Membership

As of May 1, 2009[5], these are the members of the Gramado Town Council. Next elections are likely to be held in the first Sunday of October, 2012. Members are sorted by political position (Government or Opposition), by party and, by last name:

Government

  • Brazilian Social Democracy Party – PSDB
    1. Erni Branchini
  • Progressive Party - PP
    1. José Luiz Branchini, who is also First Secretary of the Council
    2. Giovani Colório, who is also Second Secretary of the Council
    3. Paulo Machado
    4. Leonildo Noel, who is also Deputy Speaker of the Council
    5. Jaime Schaumlöffel

Opposition

Open spaces

Gramado has several green areas, the most important are Black Lake, Communications Square, Knorr Park, Orchard Park, Major Nicoletti Square and, Roses Square.

Lago Negro

Black Lake

Lago Negro (Black Lake) is the most known, visited green area of Gramado. It was created[6] in 1953 by Leopoldo Rosenfeld on an area it was the biggest woods of the Hydrangeas' Region, this very area had been destroyed by fire in 1942. It was named after Good Rest Valley (Vale do Bom Retiro) before fire.

A creek was dammed up to create[7] an U-shaped lake. Rosenfeld imported from Black Forest in Germany pine seedlings to be planted all over newly formed lake's rim.

Lago Negro is a mile away from Town Hall. There is a boathouse, working daily from 8:30 AM to 7:00 PM, concession stands and a small craftsmen fair nearby.

Sister cities

Gramado has 5 sister cities[8]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Gramado." RESUMO ESTATÍSTICO RS - Municípios. Fundação de Economia e Estatística. 9 Sep 2006 <http://www.fee.rs.gov.br/sitefee/pt/content/resumo/pg_municipios_detalhe.php?municipio=Gramado>.
  2. ^ "Lei Nº 2.522, de 15 de Dezembro de 1954." Estado do Rio Grande do Sul - Assembleia Legislativa. 1 May 2009 <http://www.al.rs.gov.br/legiscomp/arquivo.asp?Rotulo=Lei%20nº%202522&idNorma=585&tipo=pdf>.
  3. ^ "Prefeitura de Gramado - O Prefeito." Prefeitura de Gramado. Prefeitura Municipal de Gramado. 01 May 2009 <http://www.gramado.rs.gov.br/index.php/Gabinete-do-Prefeito/O-Prefeito.html>.
  4. ^ Prefeitura de Gramado - O Vice-Prefeito." Prefeitura de Gramado. Prefeitura Municipal de Gramado. 01 May 2009 <http://www.gramado.rs.gov.br/index.php/Gabinete-do-Prefeito/O-Vice-Prefeito.html>.
  5. ^ "Vereadores." Câmara de Vereadores de Gramado. 01 May 2009 <http://www.camaragramado.rs.gov.br/modules/wfsection/>.
  6. ^ "Gramado." BrasilViagem.com. 15 Sept. 2006 <http://www.brasilviagem.com/pontur/?CodAtr=3128>.
  7. ^ Barbosa, Eliane. "Pousadas de Gramado." Jornal da Cidade 21 July 2005. 15 Sept. 2006 <http://72.14.209.104/search?q=cache:xGB5vqnelIwJ:jcnet.uol.com.br/cadernos/detalhe_turismo.php%3Fcodigo%3D54780+gramado+site:jcnet.uol.com.br&hl=pt-BR&gl=br&ct=clnk&cd=1>.
  8. ^ "Prefeito de Gramado viaja ao Espírito Santo." 3 Nov. 2005. Prefeitura de Gramado. 15 Sept. 2006 <http://www.gramado.rs.gov.br/content/view/497/39/>.

External links

Government Websites

Maps

Media Outlets

Touristic Websites

Official Events Websites

Coordinates: 29°24′S 50°52′W / 29.4°S 50.867°W / -29.4; -50.867


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Gramado, a city in Brazil's southernmost state, Rio Grande do Sul
Gramado, a city in Brazil's southernmost state, Rio Grande do Sul

Gramado is in the Rio Grande do Sul state of Brazil.

Gramado is a municipality and small touristic town, southeast of Caxias do Sul and east of Nova Petrópolis in the southern Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul, in the Serra Gaúcha region. Most of the population of Gramado are of German or Italian descent. Gramado is one of the towns along the scenic route known as Rota Romântica. The town is also part of the scenic Região das Hortênsias route.

Gramado hosts the Festival de Gramado, a major South American film festival and Gramado's most important event. Gramado is also known by hydrangeas blossoming in late spring. Another key event in Gramado is Natal Luz, when Gramado is decked out in lights and wreathes made of recycled material by local residents.

Get in

By plane

Gramado is served by two airports: Hugo Cantergiani Airport (CXJ) in Caxias do Sul and Salgado Filho International Airport (POA) in Porto Alegre. There is also an airstrip in Canela, which is only used for private airplanes. A plan to create the Hydrangeas Region Airport was halted by a court order due to environmental reasons.

CXJ

Hugo Cantergiani Airport [1] is a small airport serving Caxias do Sul and, it's some 60km (37mi) away from Gramado. CXJ is basically a collecting airport to Congonhas Airport in São Paulo and stopover from flights coming from e to Porto Alegre. Because of that, CXJ tends to be more relaxed on baggage overweight. In general, flights from Congonhas (CGH) to CXJ are cheaper than those flying to POA, an average roundtrip flight CGH-CXJ costs around R$450 (US$210). Infrastructure for visitors is minimal.

POA

Salgado Filho International Airport[2] is the largest, busiest airport in Rio Grande do Sul and Southern Brazil. POA is some 118km (74mi) away from Gramado. POA has a modern infrastructure, being the first airport in Brazil to have a mall (shopping centre), with movie theaters, food court, shops, duty-free shops, banks and so on. POA is connected to several Brazilian and South American cities.

By bus

Gramado is served by Citral, which has the franchise to explore bus services in the Região das Hortênsias, Vale do Paranhana. Gramado Bus Station is centrally located, on Borges de Medeiros Avenue, and has a taxi rank.

See

Here is the single list of places to visit in Gramado:

Lago Negro, a big area rounded with trees, a lake and beautiful hydrangeas.

Aldeia do Papai Noel, is a place where Christmas exists for 365 days a year. There are trails in native forest, Santa Claus house, and many other attractions.

Several chocolate stores, where people can see how chocolates are made, and specially purchase this sweet treat.

Mini mundo, is a place where different cities and cultures are represented in small size.

  • Agrotourismo, Beside the bus station. R$40.  edit
  • St Hubertus Restaurante, Av. Borges de Medeiros, 2000, (54) 3286 2227.  edit
  • Restaurante do Hotel Pousada Colina de Pedra, Rua Furna 2305, Zona Rural de Gramado, 55 54 3286 0967 (), [3]. Chicago Style Pizzas 8:00pm-11:00pm. R$ 23-R$34.   edit
  • Hotel Recando da Serra.  edit
  • Hotel Cabanas Tio Chico, Av. das Hortensias, 3634, (54) 3286 1327. R$60.  edit
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