Grammy Award for Album of the Year: Wikis

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The Grammy Award for Album of the Year is the most prestigious award category at the Grammys. It has been awarded since 1959 and though it was originally presented to the artist alone, the award is now presented to the artist, the producer, the engineer and/or mixer and the mastering engineer. In 1962, the award name was extended to Album of the Year (other than classical) but, in 1965, the shorter name returned. It was not until 1968, 1969, and 1999 that the award was won by a rock album, country album, or a hip hop album respectively. The main reason for its prestige is because the award goes to everyone who was involved in the making of the album, the artist, producer, engineer, and songwriter.

Frank Sinatra, Stevie Wonder, and Paul Simon are the biggest winners in this category with 3 victories each. Paul McCartney leads all performers with nine nominations: five as a member of The Beatles, three for solo albums, and one as a member of Wings. Frank Sinatra leads solo performers with eight nominations, seven for solo albums and one for a duet album. Paul McCartney and Paul Simon are the only artists with nominations in every decade the awards have been in existence (not counting the inaugural ceremony in 1959), if counting the nominations from the 1960s as part of their respective groups, The Beatles, and Simon & Garfunkel. They've only competed against each other once: in 1969, when The Beatles were nominated for Magical Mystery Tour and Simon & Garfunkel were up for Bookends. They both lost to Glen Campbell and his album By the Time I Get to Phoenix.

Taylor Swift is the category's youngest winner, releasing her winning album at 18. The youngest person to make an appearance on an Album of the Year is Bamboo (the son of OutKast's Big Boi), who appeared on an interlude on Speakerboxxx/The Love Below at age four. (The argument can be made, however, that Stevie Wonder's daughter Aisha who, at age 2, appeared on "Isn't She Lovely?" off the album Songs in the Key of Life, is the youngest person to make an appearance on an Album of the Year).

The Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band was the first album by a rock 'n' roll artist to win the award. In fact, until 1970, The Beatles were the only rock artists to even be nominated. Other Beatles' albums to be nominated for this award were "Help!", "Revolver", "Magical Mystery Tour" and "Abbey Road".

Only two artists have ever been awarded the Grammy for "Album of the Year" in two consecutive years, and nobody has ever won for three or more years in a row. Sinatra had wins in 1966 and 1967, and Wonder followed with wins in 1974 and 1975. Wonder also won the most Grammys for Album of the Year within a decade, with three in the 1970s. Another notable musician with respect to "Album of the Year" Grammys won within one decade is Alison Krauss. Krauss has won two of the aforementioned awards, although neither as a solo artist - she was half of the 2009 duet effort with Robert Plant, entitled Raising Sand, and a member of the group that recorded the 2000 O Brother, Where Art Thou Soundtrack.

The award could be considered a marker of significance as some of the modern music world's most successful albums have been awarded the honor. Among those include (from lowest to greatest sales figures): Come Away With Me by Norah Jones, The Joshua Tree by U2, Supernatural by Santana, Falling Into You by Celine Dion, Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band by The Beatles, Jagged Little Pill by Alanis Morissette (the highest selling international debut album of all time) , Rumours by Fleetwood Mac, The Bodyguard: Original Soundtrack Album by Whitney Houston and Various Artists (the highest selling soundtrack of all time, internationally), and the most commercially successful album of all time, Thriller by Michael Jackson.

To date, there have been 2 "live" albums to take this top honor: "Judy At Carnegie Hall" and "The Concert For Bangla Desh", though two "MTV Unplugged" albums (Eric Clapton's and Tony Bennett's) have won the award as well, which were performed in front of an intimate, live audience. 1 television soundtrack recording was also the very first recipient: "The Music From Peter Gunn". 2 comedy albums have also triumphed in this same category: "The Button-Down Mind Of Bob Newhart" and "The First Family". And, 3 soundtrack compilation albums have been successful, as well: "Saturday Night Fever", "The Bodyguard" and "O Brother, Where Art Thou?".

Years reflect the year in which the Grammy Awards were awarded, for music released in the previous year.

Many wonder what the difference is between Record of the Year and Album of the Year. Record of the Year is awarded for a single or for one track from an album. This award goes to the performing artist, the producer, recording engineer, and/or mixer for that song. Album of the Year is awarded for a whole album, and the award is presented to the artist, producer, recording engineer, and mastering engineer for that album. So, in this context, "record" means one song and "album" means the whole collection of songs on a CD or LP. In essence, "record" really just means single.

Contents

2010s

Year Winner Nominations
2010 Fearless performed by Taylor Swift; Colbie Caillat, featured artist; Nathan Chapman & Taylor Swift, producers; Chad Carlson, Nathan Chapman & Justin Neibank, engineers/mixers; Hank Williams, mastering engineer

2000s

Year Winner Nominations
2009 Raising Sand performed by Robert Plant & Alison Krauss; produced by T Bone Burnett; engineered/mixed by Mike Piersante; master engeineered by Gavin Lurssen
2008 River: The Joni Letters performed by Herbie Hancock; featuring Leonard Cohen, Norah Jones, Joni Mitchell, Corinne Bailey Rae, Luciana Souza & Tina Turner; produced by Herbie Hancock & Larry Klein; engineered/mixed by Helik Hadar; master engeineered by Bernie Grundman
2007 Taking the Long Way performed by Dixie Chicks; engineered/mixed by Chris Testa, Jim Scott & Richard Dodd; master engineered by Richard Dodd; produced by Rick Rubin
2006 How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb performed by U2; engineered/mixed by Carl Glanville, Flood, Greg Collins, Jacknife Lee, Nellee Hooper, Simon Gogerly & Steve Lillywhite; master engineered by Arnie Acosta; produced by Brian Eno, Chris Thomas, Daniel Lanois, Flood, Jacknife Lee & Steve Lillywhite
2005 Genius Loves Company performed by Ray Charles and Various Artists; engineered/mixed by Al Schmitt, Ed Thacker, Joel W. Moss, John Harris, Mark Fleming, Pete Karam, Robert Fernandez, Seth Presant & Terry Howard; master engineered by Doug Sax & Robert Hadley; produced by Don Mizell, Herbert Waltl, John R. Burk, Phil Ramone & Terry Howard
2004 Speakerboxxx/The Love Below performed by OutKast; engineered/mixed by Brian Paturalski, Chris Carmouche, Darrell Thorp, Dexter Simmons, John Frye, Kevin Davis, Matt Still, Moka Nagatani, Neal H. Pogue, Padraic Kernin, Pete Novak, Reggie Dozier, Robert Hannon, Terrence Cash & Vincent Alexander; master engineered by Bernie Grundman & Brian Gardner; produced by André 3000, Big Boi & Carl Mo
2003 Come Away with Me performed by Norah Jones; engineered/mixed by Jay Newland & S. Husky Höskulds; master engineered by Ted Jensen; produced by Arif Mardin, Craig Street, Jay Newland & Norah Jones
2002 O Brother, Where Art Thou? Soundtrack performed by Alison Krauss & Union Station, Chris Sharp, Chris Thomas King, Emmylou Harris, Gillian Welch, Harley Allen, John Hartford, Mike Compton, Norman Blake, Pat Enright, Peasall Sisters, Ralph Stanley, Sam Bush, Stuart Duncan, The Cox Family, The Fairfield Four, The Whites & Tim Blake Nelson; engineered/mixed by Mike Piersante & Peter Kurland; master engineered by Gavin Lurssen; produced by T-Bone Burnett
2001 Two Against Nature performed by Steely Dan; engineered/mixed by Dave Russell, Elliot Scheiner, Phil Burnett & Roger Nichols; produced by Donald Fagen & Walter Becker
2000 Supernatural performed by Santana; engineered/mixed by Alvaro Villagra, Andy Grassi, Anton Pukshansky, Benny Faccone, Chris Theis, Commissioner Gordon, David Frazer, David Thoener, Glenn Kolotkin, Jeff Poe, Jim Gaines, Jim Scott, John Gamble, John Karpowich, John Seymour, Matty Spindel, Mike Couzzi, Steve Farrone, Steve Fontano, T-Ray, Tom Lord-Alge, Tony Prendatt & Warren Riker; produced by Alex Gonzales, Art Hodge, Charles Goodan, Clive Davis, Dante Ross, Dust Brothers, Fher Olvera, Jerry 'Wonder' Duplessis, K. C. Porter, Lauryn Hill, Matt Serletic, Stephen M. Harris & Wyclef Jean

1990s

Year Winner Nominations
1999 The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill performed by Lauryn Hill; engineered/mixed by Chris Theis, Commissioner Gordon, Johnny Wydrycz, Ken Johnston, Matt Howe, Storm Jefferson, Tony Prendatt & Warren Riker; produced by Lauryn Hill
1998 Time out of Mind performed by Bob Dylan, produced by Daniel Lanois
1997 Falling into You performed by Celine Dion; produced by Aldo Nova, Billy Steinberg, Dan Hill, David Foster, Humberto Gatica, Jean-Jacques Goldman, Jeff Bova, Jim Steinman, John Jones, Ric Wake, Rick Hahn, Rick Nowels, Roy Bittan & Steven Rinkoff
1996 Jagged Little Pill performed by Alanis Morissette, produced by Glen Ballard
1995 MTV Unplugged: Tony Bennett performed by Tony Bennett, produced by David Kahne
1994 The Bodyguard: Original Soundtrack Album performed by Whitney Houston; produced by Babyface, BeBe Winans, David Cole, David Foster, L. A. Reid, Narada Michael Walden & Robert Clivillés
1993 Unplugged performed by Eric Clapton, produced by Russ Titelman
1992 Unforgettable... with Love performed by Natalie Cole; produced by Andre Fischer, David Foster & Tommy LiPuma
1991 Back on the Block performed by Quincy Jones and Various Artists, produced by Quincy Jones
1990 Nick of Time performed by Bonnie Raitt, produced by Don Was

1980s

Year Winner Nominations
1989 Faith performed by George Michael, produced by George Michael
1988 The Joshua Tree performed by U2, produced by Brian Eno & Daniel Lanois
1987 Graceland performed by Paul Simon, produced by Roy Halee & Paul Simon
1986 No Jacket Required performed by Phil Collins, produced by Hugh Padgham & Phil Collins
1985 Can't Slow Down performed by Lionel Richie, produced by James Anthony Carmichel & Lionel Richie
1984 Thriller performed by Michael Jackson, produced by Michael Jackson & Quincy Jones
1983 Toto IV performed by Toto, produced by Toto
1982 Double Fantasy performed by John Lennon & Yoko Ono; produced by Jack Douglas, John Lennon & Yoko Ono
1981 Christopher Cross performed by Christopher Cross; produced by Michael Omartian
1980 52nd Street performed by Billy Joel, produced by Phil Ramone

1970s

Year Winner Nominations
1979 Saturday Night Fever: The Original Movie Sound Track performed by Bee Gees, KC and the Sunshine Band, Kool & the Gang, MFSB, Ralph MacDonald, Tavares, The Trammps, Walter Murphy & Yvonne Elliman; produced by Albhy Galuten, Arif Mardin, Bee Gees, Bill Oakes, Bobby Martin, Broadway Eddie, David Shire, Freddie Perren, Harry Wayne Casey, K.G. Productions, Karl Richardson, Ralph MacDonald, Richard Finch, Ron Kersey, Thomas J. Valentino & William Salter
1978 Rumours performed by Fleetwood Mac; produced by Fleetwood Mac, Ken Caillat & Richard Dashut
1977 Songs in the Key of Life performed by Stevie Wonder, produced by Stevie Wonder
1976 Still Crazy After All These Years performed by Paul Simon, produced by Paul Simon & Phil Ramone
1975 Fulfillingness' First Finale performed by Stevie Wonder, produced by Stevie Wonder
1974 Innervisions performed by Stevie Wonder, produced by Stevie Wonder
1973 The Concert for Bangla Desh performed by George Harrison, Ravi Shankar, Bob Dylan, Leon Russell, Ringo Starr, Billy Preston, Eric Clapton & Klaus Voormann; produced by George Harrison & Phil Spector
1972 Tapestry performed by Carole King, produced by Lou Adler
1971 Bridge over Troubled Water performed by Simon & Garfunkel; produced by Art Garfunkel, Paul Simon & Roy Halee
1970 Blood, Sweat & Tears performed by Blood, Sweat & Tears, produced by James William Guercio

1960s

Year Winner Nominations
1969 By the Time I Get to Phoenix performed by Glen Campbell, produced by Al De Lory
1968 Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band performed by The Beatles, produced by George Martin
1967 A Man and His Music performed by Frank Sinatra, produced by Sonny Burke
1966 September of My Years performed by Frank Sinatra, produced by Sonny Burke
1965 Getz/Gilberto performed by Stan Getz & João Gilberto
1964 The Barbra Streisand Album performed by Barbra Streisand
1963 The First Family performed by Vaughn Meader
1962 Judy at Carnegie Hall performed by Judy Garland
1961 The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart performed by Bob Newhart
1960 Come Dance with Me! performed by Frank Sinatra

1950s

Year Winner Nominations
1959 The Music from Peter Gunn performed by Henry Mancini

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