Gran Canaria Airport: Wikis

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Gran Canaria Airport
Aeropuerto de Gran Canaria
Base Aérea de Gando
Fachada Aeropuerto de Gran Canaria.JPG
IATA: LPAICAO: GCLP
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Aena
Location Gran Canaria, Spain
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 24 m / 78 ft
Coordinates 27°55′55″N 015°23′12″W / 27.93194°N 15.38667°W / 27.93194; -15.38667 (Gran Canaria Airport)Coordinates: 27°55′55″N 015°23′12″W / 27.93194°N 15.38667°W / 27.93194; -15.38667 (Gran Canaria Airport)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
03L/21R 3,100 10,200 Asphalt concrete
03R/21L 3,100 10,200 Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2009)
Passengers 9,155,670
Aircraft Movements 101,551
Source: AENA [1]
Spanish AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Gran Canaria Airport (IATA: LPAICAO: GCLP), (informally known as Las Palmas Airport, and formerly known as Gando Airport), (in Spanish Aeropuerto de Gran Canaria), is the fifth busiest airport in Spain. It is an airport located on Gran Canaria Island. In 2009 it handled 9,155,670 passengers, a 10.3% reduction compared with 2008.[1]

The airport is located to the east of Gran Canaria on the Bay of Gando (Bahía de Gando), 19 km (12 mi) south[2] of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, and 25 km (16 mi) from the popular tourist areas in the south. The lengthy runways make the airport an alternative landing site for the NASA Space Shuttle.[3]

Contents

History

The airport opened on 7 April 1930, after King Alfonso XIII signed a royal order announcing that the military air force installations on the Bay of Gando would become a civilian airfield. In its existence, the airport has become the largest gateway into the Canary Islands, as well as the largest in terms of passenger and cargo operations.

Terminals, airlines and destinations

The airport has two terminals: one for European Union and Mainland Domestic flights (Terminal A), and the other for non-EU and interisland flights (Terminal B-C).

The airport
Terminal C
The airport
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aer Lingus Dublin A
Air Berlin Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin-Tegel, Cologne/Bonn, Dortmund, Dresden, Düsseldorf, Erfurt [seasonal], Hamburg, Leipzig/Halle, Munich [ends 24 April], Münster/Osnabrück, Nuremberg, Paderborn/Lippstadt, Zürich A
Air Europa Barcelona, Bilbao, Lanzarote, Madrid, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Tenerife-South A
Air Italy Milan-Malpensa A
Arkefly Amsterdam A
Austrian Airlines Linz, Salzburg, Vienna A
Binter Canarias El Aaiún, El Hierro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, La Gomera, Lanzarote, La Palma, Layounne, Marrakech, Tenerife-North, Tenerife-South B/C
Blue Panorama Airlines Milan-Malpensa A
Condor Berlin-Schönefeld, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hanover [ends 31 October], Leipzig/Halle, Munich, Stuttgart A
EasyJet Geneva, London-Gatwick A
Edelweiss Tenerife-South, Zürich [seasonal] B/C
EuroAtlantic Airways Lisbon A
Germanwings Cologne/Bonn A
Hamburg International Berlin-Schönefeld, Cologne/Bonn, Friedrichshafen, Saarbrücken, Weeze A
Iberia Dakar, Madrid A
Iberia operated by Air Nostrum Santander, Valencia A
Iberworld Basel/Mulhouse, Cork, Hamburg [seasonal], Munich [seasonal], Shannon [begins 1 May; seasonal], Stuttgart [seasonal], Turku A
Islas Airways Fuerteventura, Lanzarote, Tenerife-North A
Jet2.com Manchester [begins 26 April], Newcastle upon Tyne [begins 26 April] A
Jetairfly Brussels, Charleroi, Liege, Ostend A
Mauritania Airways Dakar, Nouadhibu, Nouakchott A
Monarch Airlines Dublin, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Manchester A
Neos Bologna, Milan-Malpensa, Verona A
Niki Graz [ends 24 April], Salzburg [seasonal], Vienna A
Norwegian Air Shuttle Aalborg, Bergen, Billund, Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stavanger, Stockholm-Arlanda, Trondheim A
Novair Stockholm-Arlanda A
Primera Air Cork [seasonal], Dublin, Helsinki [seasonal] A
Ryanair Birmingham, Bournemouth, Bristol, Brussels South-Charleroi, Dublin, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Girona, Glasgow-Prestwick, Hahn, Liverpool, London-Luton, London-Stansted, Madrid, Pisa, Porto, Shannon [ends 25 March], Weeze A
SATA Air Açores Funchal A
Scandinavian Airlines Oslo-Gardermoen A
Spanair Barcelona, Bilbao, Madrid, Málaga, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Vigo A
Star1 Airlines Vilnius [charter] A
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich A
TACV Cabo Verde Airlines Praia A
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia Billund, Copenhagen, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Helsinki, Oslo-Gardermoen, Malmö, Stockholm-Arlanda,Stockholm Skavsta A
Thomas Cook Airlines Belfast-International, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, East Midlands, Exeter, Glasgow-International, Leeds/Bradford, London-Gatwick, London-Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne A
Thomson Airways Belfast-International [seasonal], Birmingham, Bournemouth, Bristol [seasonal], Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, Dublin, East Midlands, Exeter [begins 27 March, seasonal], Glasgow-International, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, London-Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne A
Transavia.com Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Groningen, Maastricht, Rotterdam A
Transavia.com Denmark Billund, Copenhagen A
Transavia.com France Paris-Orly A
Smart Wings Prague A
TUIfly Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin-Tegel, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hanover, Münster/Osnabrück [seasonal], Munich, Nuremberg [seasonal], Paderborn/Lippstadt [ends 30 April], Stuttgart, Zweibrücken [ends 30 April] A
TUIfly Nordic Oslo-Gardermoen, Helsinki A
Vueling Barcelona, Madrid, Malaga, Seville, Valencia A

Ground transportation

The airport is accessible by several island roadways leading from all points in the island, as well as special bus service available from most towns within Gran Canaria. Taxi service is considered the most efficient way since the island has its own taxi services, and low fares.

Furthermore, Gran Canaria's main motorway GC1 runs directly past the airport providing fast transport links to Las Palmas in the North and to the popular tourist resorts in the South. The motorway has been upgraded and widened many times, particularly towards the South since the 1980's to cope with the increased levels of traffic caused by tourism.

Military use

There is an airbase of the Spanish Air Force to the east of the runways. Beyond several hangars opposite to the passenger terminal, the airbase contains ten shelters situated on the southern end of the eastern runway. They harbor F/A-18 Hornets of the Ala 46 fighter squadron, which defends the Spanish airspace around the Canary Islands.

MPAIAC bombing and Tenerife disaster

See also Tenerife airport disaster

At 1:15 PM on 27 March 1977, a bomb planted by the Movement for the Independence and Autonomy of the Canaries Archipelago (MPAIAC) exploded in a florist's shop on the terminal concourse. Airport authorities had been warned of the blast 10 minutes before,[4] so although the bomb damaged the inside of the terminal, the building was being evacuated at the time and there were no fatalities. However, eight people were injured, one seriously. Later, another telephone call was received claiming responsibility for the explosion and hinting that a second bomb was planted somewhere in the terminal building. The civil aviation authorities closed the airport pending a thorough search for the second bomb. The closure necessitated the diversion of several incoming flights, including a number of large aircraft on long international flights, to Los Rodeos airport on the nearby island of Tenerife (Los Rodeos is now known as Tenerife North Airport). The resulting runway congestion on the small regional airport was a factor in the subsequent disaster at Los Rodeos, when just after 5pm local time two Boeing 747s originally bound for Gran Canaria collided on the Los Rodeas runway, resulting in 583 deaths, the worst aviation accident in history.

Accidents and incidents

References

External links

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