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Grand Egyptian Museum
Type Museum. Conservation center
Architectural style Modern
Location Giza, Egypt
Client Egyptian Ministry of Culture
Started January, 2002
Completed 2013
Floor area 100,000m2
Cost $550M
Design team
Architect Heneghan Peng
Structural engineer Arup
Services engineer Buro Happold

The Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM) will be built by 2013 at the cost of $US 550M. The museum will be sited on 50 hectares of land in Giza and is part of a new master plan for the plateau. On January 5, 2002 Egyptian President Mubarak laid the foundation stone. The museum site is two kilometers from the Giza pyramids.



The design of the building was decided by means of an architectural competition. The competition was announced on the January 7, 2002. The organisers received 1557 entries from 82 countries, making it the largest architectural competition in history. In the second stage of the competition, 20 entries were asked to submit additional information. Judging was complete by June 2, 2003. The competition was won by the company Heneghan Peng from Dublin, Ireland, winning 250,000 dollars. Second place was awarded to Coop Himmelblau. The building is designed by Heneghan Peng Architects, Buro Happold and Arup. The exhibition masterplan, exhibition design and museology is by Metaphor and Cultural Innovations Ltd

The building is shaped like a chamfered triangle in plan. It sits on a site two kilometers west of the pyramids, near a motorway interchange. The building's north and south walls line up directly with the Great Pyramid of Khufu and the Pyramid of Menkaure. In front of the building is a large plaza, filled with date plants. One of the main features of the Museum is the translucent stone wall, made of alabaster, that makes up the front facade of the building. Inside the main entrance is a large atrium, where large statues will be exhibited.

The Museum will house over 50,000 artifacts including Howard Carter's Tutankhamen collection. There is provision for almost 100,000 artifacts in the future. The projected visitor numbers are 4.8 million visitors per year


On August 25, 2006 the Statue of Ramesses II was moved from Ramses Square in Cairo to the Giza Plateau, in anticipation of construction of the GEM. The Statue of Ramesses II, estimated to be approximately 3,200 years old, will be cleaned and touched up, and will be situated at the entrance of the GEM by 2010.

In 2007 GEM secured a $300 million dollar loan from the Japan Bank for International Co-operation. The Egyptian Government will fund $147 million dollars while the remaining $150 million dollars will be funded through donations and international organisations [1].

In late August 2008 the design team submitted over 5000 drawings to the Egyptian Ministry of Culture. Following this the construction tender was announced in October 2008. Earthmoving has begun to excavate the site for the building.

Tendering is due in September 2009, with an estimated completion date of 2013. [2]

See also

External links


Coordinates: 29°59′37″N 31°07′11″E / 29.99361°N 31.11972°E / 29.99361; 31.11972



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