Grand National: Wikis

  
  
  
  

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Grade 3 race
Grand National
SA-Grand-National-Impr.jpg
A Grand National Impression (1926)
Location Aintree Racecourse
Merseyside, England
Race type Chase
Sponsor John Smith's
Website aintree.co.uk
Race information
Distance 4m 4f (7,242 metres)
Track Turf, left-handed
Qualification Six-years-old and up
rated 110+ by BHB
Weight Handicap
Maximum: 11 st 10 lb
Purse £900,000 (2009)
1st: £506,970

The Grand National is a famous National Hunt horse race which is held at Aintree in England. It is a handicap chase run over a distance of about 4 miles and 856 yards[1] (approximately 7¼ km), and during its running there are thirty fences to be jumped. It is presently scheduled to take place each year on a Saturday afternoon in early April.

It is the most valuable National Hunt event in Great Britain, and in 2009 it offered a total prize fund of £900,000. The race is popular amongst many people who do not normally watch or bet on horse racing at other times of the year. It is also one of the most controversial, due to the injuries and fatalities suffered by participating horses. This makes it a target for animal rights groups, which have campaigned to have it banned.[2][3] In one hundred and sixty-two runnings of the race there have been fifty-eight equine fatalities, four of which came in one year, 1954.

Contents

Event

The race is run over two circuits of Aintree's National Course, which is triangular in shape and on which there are sixteen fences.[1] All, except The Chair and the Water-Jump, are jumped twice. Some fences are notorious for their severity, particularly Becher's Brook[4] and The Chair, although in recent years this severity has been much reduced due to pressure from various animal rights groups. The Grand National is the centrepiece of a three-day meeting, one of only four run at Aintree in the racing season.

It is one of ten events reserved for live broadcast on UK terrestrial television under the ITC Code on Sports and Other Listed Events. It is estimated that the Grand National is watched worldwide by over 600 million viewers.[5]

In 2006 the Grand National sponsors John Smith's Brewery launched the John Smith's People's Race which gives 10 members of the public the chance to ride in a flat race at Aintree on Grand National day.[6]

From a betting perspective, the Grand National forms the second leg of the Spring Double – the first leg is the Lincoln Handicap.

A fictional account of a young girl training the winner of the Grand National by Enid Bagnold was made into a film, National Velvet, starring the young Elizabeth Taylor as the heroine, Velvet Brown. The events surrounding the 1981 National, and the winning jockey, Bob Champion, were also dramatised in the film Champions.

History

Becher's Brook, 1890, engraving of horses jumping the famous fence in the Grand National steeplechase at Aintree
The Big Raspers At Aintree , 1927 painting of an incident at the Grand National

The event was founded by William Philip Molyneux, 2nd Earl of Sefton, on land he owned at Aintree. There is much debate among historians regarding the first official race held and the majority of leading published historians such as John Pinfold, for example now prefer the idea that the first running was in 1836 and was won by The Duke.[7] This same horse triumphed again in 1837,[8] while Sir William was the winner in 1838. These races have long been disregarded because of the belief that the 1837 and 1838 runnings took place at Maghull and not Aintree. In the last twenty years, several race historians have unearthed evidence that these three races were all run over the same course at Aintree and were regarded as having been Grand Nationals up until the mid 1860s.[7] To date though, their calls for the Nationals of 1836–38 to be restored to the record books have been unsuccessful. Between the 1838 and 1839 runnings three major events occurred to catapult the Liverpool race from a small local affair to a national event. The Great St Albans chase, which had clashed with the Liverpool, was not renewed after 1838, which left a major hole in the chasing calendar, The railway arrived in Liverpool, which made transportation to the course by rail a possibility for the first time and a committee was formed to better organise the event. These three factors led to a much more highly publicised race in 1839 which attracted a larger field of top quality horses and riders, greater press coverage and an increased attendance on the day. Over time the first three runnings of the event were quickly forgotten to secure the 1839 race its place in history as the first official running of the race. It was won by the aptly named horse, Lottery, ridden by Jem Mason.

For three years during World War I, while Aintree racecourse was closed, an alternative race was run at Gatwick Racecourse, on the site of the present Gatwick Airport. The first of these races, in 1916, was called the Racecourse Association Steeplechase, and in the following two years the race was known as the War National Steeplechase. The races at Gatwick are not always recognised as "Grand Nationals," however, and their results are often omitted from winners' lists.

During the 1950s the Grand National was dominated by Vincent O'Brien who trained the winner of the race for three consecutive years between 1953 and 1955. Early Mist won the race in 1953 with Royal Tan winning in 1954 and the hat-trick of victories for the Irish trainer was completed by Quare Times in 1955.

The 1967 running was won by rank outsider Foinavon, ridden by Johnny Buckingham, after a melee at the 23rd fence when two loose horses pulled up in front of the field, caused the many others to stop or refuse. Foinavon was running so far behind that Buckingham managed to avoid the incident and scrape round ahead of 17 remounted horses, coming home at odds of 100/1. The 23rd fence has since been named The Foinavon Fence.

By far the most successful horse in Grand National history was Red Rum, the only horse to win three times, in 1973, 1974, and in 1977. He also came in second in the two intervening years, 1975 and 1976. In 1973, he beat the champion Crisp who had to carry 12 stone, in what is arguably the most memorable Grand National of all time.[9]

In 1993, the result of the race was declared void after a series of incidents at the start meant the starting tape failed to rise correctly, causing several horses and jockeys to be caught up in it. A false start was declared, but lack of communication between course officials meant that 30 out of the 39 jockeys did not realise this and started to race. Course officials tried to stop the horses by waving red flags next to The Chair at the end of the first circuit. However, many jockeys thought that these people were protesters and so continued to race. Peter Scudamore stopped only because he saw his usual trainer Martin Pipe waving frantically at him. Seven horses ran the course in its entirety, forcing a void result. The first past the post of the horses that ran was Esha Ness, ridden by John White and trained by Jenny Pitman.

In 1997, the Saturday meeting was abandoned after two coded bomb threats were received, reportedly from the IRA. 60,000 spectators, jockeys, race personnel and local residents were evacuated, and the course was secured by police. The race was eventually run on the Monday, with the meeting organisers offering free admission. Some 20,000 people were left stranded over the weekend, with cars and coaches locked in the course. With limited accommodation in the city and surrounding areas, local residents opened their doors and took in many of those stranded.

Many well known jockeys have failed to win the Grand National. These include champion jockeys such as Terry Biddlecombe, John Francome, Josh Gifford, Stan Mellor, Jonjo O'Neill (who never finished the race), Fred Rimell and Peter Scudamore. More recently, multiple champion and record holder Tony McCoy has failed to win the race along with contemporaries Richard Johnson, and Adrian Maguire. Three jockeys who led over the last fence in the National and just lost the race on the run-in ended up as TV racing pundits. These were Lord Oaksey on Carrickbeg in 1963, Norman Williamson on Mely Moss in 2000, and Richard Pitman on Crisp in 1973. The same fate occurred to Pitman's son Mark on Garrison Savannah in 1991.

Twelve mares have won the race: Miss Mowbray (1852), Anatis (1860), Jealousy (1861), Emblem (1863), Emblematic (1864), Casse Tete (1872), Empress (1880), Zoedone (1883), Frigate (1889), Shannon Lass (1902), Sheila's Cottage (1948) and Nickel Coin (1951).

Records

Most successful horse (3 wins):

  • Red Rum1973, 1974, 1977 (also finished second in 1975 and 1976)

Leading jockey (5 wins):

  • George Stevens – Freetrader (1856), Emblem (1863), Emblematic (1864), The Colonel (1869, 1870)

Leading trainer (4 wins):

  • Fred Rimell – E.S.B. (1956), Nicolaus Silver (1961), Gay Trip (1970), Rag Trade (1976)
  • Ginger McCainRed Rum (1973, 1974, 1977), Amberleigh House (2004)

Leading owner (3 wins):

  • James Machell – Disturbance (1873), Reugny (1874), Regal (1876)
  • Noel Le Mare – Red Rum (1973, 1974, 1977)

  • Fastest winning time – 8m 47.8s, Mr Frisk (1990) [10]
  • Oldest winning horsePeter Simple, aged 15 (1853)
  • Youngest winning horse – Alcibiade (1865), Regal (1876), Austerlitz (1877), Empress (1880), Lutteur III (1909), all aged 5
  • Oldest winning jockey – Dick Saunders, aged 48 (1982)
  • Youngest winning jockeyBruce Hobbs, aged 17 (1938)
  • Longest odds winner – Tipperary Tim (1928), Gregalach (1929), Caughoo (1947), Foinavon (1967), Mon Mome (2009), all 100/1
  • Shortest odds winner – Poethlyn (1919), 11/4
  • Largest field – 66 runners (1929)
  • Smallest field – 10 runners (1883)
  • Most horses to finish – 23 (1984)
  • Fewest horses to finish – 2 (1928)

Winners

Aintree publish a roll of honour in their race cards each year and is based on a list complied largely from the fading memories of aging racing enthusiasts sometime around 1880-1890. By their own admission Aintree agree that their honours record prior to 1860 is notoriously inaccurate therefore the British Horseracing Board's records taken from the press accounts of the time have been used as a more reliable source for the connections of winners prior to 1860.

  • Weights given in stones and pounds.
  • Amateur jockeys indicated by a title, eg. "Mr", "Capt.", "Lord" etc.

Year
Winner
Age
Weight
Jockey
Trainer
Owner
SP
1836 1836–38 see below
1839 Lottery 9 12-00 Jem Mason George Dockeray John Elmore 005.005/1 F
1840 Jerry 10 12-00 Mr B. Bretherton George Dockeray Henry Villebois 012.0012/1
1841 Charity 11 12-00 Mr A. Powell William Vevers Lord Craven 014.0014/1
1842 Gay Lad 8 12-00 Tom Olliver George Dockeray John Elmore 007.007/1
1843 Vanguard 8 11-10 Tom Olliver see note below [a] Lord Chesterfield 012.0012/1
1844 Discount 6 10-12 Mr John Crickmere not recorded Mr Quartermaine 005.005/1 JF
1845 Cure-All 11-05 Mr William Loft Kitty Crisp W. S. Crawford
1846 Pioneer 6 11-12 William Taylor not known Mr Adams
1847 Mathew 9 10-06 Denny Wynne John Murphy John Courtenay 010.0010/1
1848 Chandler 12 11-12 Capt. Josey Little [11] Tom Eskrett Josey Little 012.0012/1
1849 Peter Simple 11 11-00 Tom Cunningham T. Cunningham Finch Mason, Jr. 020.0020/1
1850 Abd-El-Kader 8 09-12 Chris Green Joseph Osborne Joseph Osborne
1851 Abd-El-Kader 9 10-04 T. Abbott Joseph Osborne Joseph Osborne 007.007/1
1852 Miss Mowbray 10-04 Mr Alec Goodman George Dockeray T. F. Mason
1853 Peter Simple 15 10-10 Tom Olliver Tom Olliver Josey Little 009.009/1
1854 Bourton 11-12 John Tasker Henry Wadlow William Moseley 004.004/1 F
1855 Wanderer 09-08 John Hanlon not known Mr Dunn 025.0025/1
1856 Freetrader 7 09-06 George Stevens William Holman W. Barnett 025.0025/1
1857 Emigrant 11 09-10 Charlie Boyce Charlie Boyce George Hodgman 010.0010/1
1858 Little Charley 10 10-07 William Archer William Holman Christopher Capel 016.67100/6
1859 Half Caste 6 09-07 Chris Green Chris Green Mr Willoughby 007.007/1
1860 Anatis 10 09-10 Mr Tommy Pickernell H. E. May Christopher Capel 003.507/2 F
1861 Jealousy 7 09-12 Joseph Kendall Charles Balchin J. Bennett 005.005/1
1862 Huntsman 9 11-00 Harry Lamplugh Harry Lamplugh Viscount de Namur 003.003/1 F
1863 Emblem 7 10-10 George Stevens Edwin Weever Lord Coventry 004.004/1
1864 Emblematic 6 10-06 George Stevens Edwin Weever Lord Coventry 010.0010/1
1865 Alcibiade 5 11-04 Capt. Henry Coventry Cornell Cherry Angell 014.29100/7
1866 Salamander 7 10-07 Mr Alec Goodman J. Walters Edward Studd 040.0040/1
1867 Cortolvin 8 11-13 John Page Harry Lamplugh Duke of Hamilton 016.0016/1
1868 The Lamb 6 10-07 Mr George Ede Ben Land Lord Poulett 009.009/1
1869 The Colonel 6 10-07 George Stevens R. Roberts John Weyman 014.29100/7
1870 The Colonel 7 11-12 George Stevens R. Roberts Matthew Evans 003.507/2 F
1871 The Lamb 9 11-05 Mr Tommy Pickernell Chris Green Lord Poulett 005.5011/2
1872 Casse Tete 7 10-00 John Page A. Cowley E. Brayley 020.0020/1
1873 Disturbance 6 11-11 Mr J. M. Richardson James Machell James Machell 020.0020/1
1874 Reugny 6 10-12 Mr J. M. Richardson James Machell James Machell 005.005/1 F
1875 Pathfinder 8 10-11 Mr Tommy Pickernell W. Reeves Hubert Bird 016.67100/6
1876 Regal 5 11-03 Joe Cannon James Jewitt James Machell 025.0025/1
1877 Austerlitz 5 10-08 Mr Fred Hobson Robert I'Anson Fred Hobson 015.0015/1
1878 Shifnal 9 10-12 J. Jones John Nightingall John Nightingall 007.007/1
1879 The Liberator 10 11-04 Mr Garrett Moore J. Moore Garrett Moore 005.005/1
1880 Empress 5 10-07 Mr Tommy Beasley Henry Linde Pierre Ducrot 008.008/1
1881 Woodbrook 7 11-03 Mr Tommy Beasley Henry Linde T. Kirkwood 005.5011/2 JF
1882 Seaman 6 11-06 Lord Manners J. Machell / J. Jewitt Lord Manners 010.0010/1
1883 Zoedone 6 11-00 Count Karel Kinsky W. Jenkins Count Karel Kinsky 014.29100/7
1884 Voluptuary 6 10-05 Mr Ted Wilson William Wilson H. F. Boyd 010.0010/1
1885 Roquefort 6 11-00 Mr Ted Wilson Arthur Yates Arthur Cooper 003.3310/3 F
1886 Old Joe 7 10-09 Tommy Skelton George Mulcaster A. J. Douglas 025.0025/1
1887 Gamecock 8 11-00 Bill Daniels James Gordon E. Jay 020.0020/1
1888 Playfair 7 10-07 George Mawson Tom Cannon Ned Baird 040.0040/1
1889 Frigate 11 11-04 Mr Tommy Beasley M. A. Maher Mat Maher 008.008/1
1890 Ilex 6 10-05 Arthur Nightingall John Nightingall George Masterman 004.004/1 F
1891 Come Away 7 11-12 Mr Harry Beasley Harry Beasley Willie Jameson 004.004/1 F
1892 Father O'Flynn 7 10-05 Capt. Roddy Owen Gordon Wilson Gordon Wilson 020.0020/1
1893 Cloister 9 12-07 Bill Dollery Arthur Yates Charles Duff 004.509/2 F
1894 Why Not 13 11-13 Arthur Nightingall Willie Moore C. H. Fenwick 005.005/1 JF
1895 Wild Man From Borneo 7 10-11 Mr Joe Widger James Gatland John Widger 010.0010/1
1896 The Soarer 7 09-13 Mr David Campbell Willie Moore William Hall Walker 040.0040/1
1897 Manifesto 9 11-03 Terry Kavanagh Willie McAuliffe Harry Dyas 006.006/1 F
1898 Drogheda 6 10-12 John Gourley Dick Dawson C. G. M. Adams 025.0025/1
1899 Manifesto 11 12-07 George Williamson Willie Moore John Bulteel 005.005/1
1900 Ambush II 6 11-03 Algy Anthony Algy Anthony HRH Prince of Wales 004.004/1
1901 Grudon 11 10-00 Arthur Nightingall Bernard Bletsoe Bernard Bletsoe 009.009/1
1902 Shannon Lass 7 10-01 David Read James Hackett Ambrose Gorham 020.0020/1
1903 Drumcree 9 11-03 Percy Woodland Sir Charles Nugent John Morrison 006.5013/2 F
1904 Moifaa 8 10-07 Arthur Birch W. Hickey Spencer Gollan 025.0025/1
1905 Kirkland 9 11-05 Frank Mason E. Thomas Frank Bibby 006.006/1
1906 Ascetic's Silver 9 10-09 Mr Aubrey Hastings Aubrey Hastings Prince F. Hatzfeldt 020.0020/1
1907 Eremon 7 10-01 Alf Newey Tom Coulthwaite Stanley Howard 008.008/1
1908 Rubio 10 10-05 Henry Bletsoe Fred Withington F. Douglas-Pennant 066.0066/1
1909 Lutteur III 5 10-11 Georges Parfrement Harry Escott James Hennessy 011.11100/9
1910 Jenkinstown 9 10-05 Robert Chadwick Tom Coulthwaite Stanley Howard 012.50100/8
1911 Glenside 9 10-03 Mr Jack Anthony R. H. Collis Frank Bibby 020.0020/1
1912 Jerry M 9 12-07 Ernie Piggott Robert Gore Sir C. Assheton-Smith 004.004/1 JF
1913 Covertcoat 7 11-06 Percy Woodland Robert Gore Sir C. Assheton-Smith 011.11100/9
1914 Sunloch 8 09-07 Bill Smith Tom Tyler Tom Tyler 016.67100/6
1915 Ally Sloper 6 10-06 Mr Jack Anthony Aubrey Hastings Lady Nelson 012.50100/8
1916 1916–18 see below
1919 Poethlyn 9 12-07 Ernie Piggott Harry Escott Gwladys Peel 002.7511/4 F
1920 Troytown 7 11-09 Mr Jack Anthony Algy Anthony T. Collins-Gerrard 006.006/1
1921 Shaun Spadah 10 11-07 Fred Rees George Poole Malcolm McAlpine 011.11100/9
1922 Music Hall 9 11-08 Lewis Rees Owen Anthony Hugh Kershaw 011.11100/9
1923 Sergeant Murphy 13 11-03 Capt. Tuppy Bennett George Blackwell Stephen Sanford 016.67100/6
1924 Master Robert 11 10-05 Bob Trudgill Aubrey Hastings Lord Airlie 025.0025/1
1925 Double Chance 9 10-09 Maj. John Wilson Fred Archer, Jr. David Goold 011.11100/9
1926 Jack Horner 9 10-05 William Watkinson Harvey Leader Charles Schwartz 025.0025/1
1927 Sprig 10 12-04 Ted Leader Tom Leader Mary Partridge 008.008/1 F
1928 Tipperary Tim 10 10-00 Mr Bill Dutton Joseph Dodd Harold Kenyon 100.00100/1
1929 Gregalach 7 11-04 Robert Everett Tom Leader Margaret Gemmell 100.00100/1
1930 Shaun Goilin 10 11-07 Tommy Cullinan Frank Hartigan Walter Midwood 012.50100/8
1931 Grakle 9 11-07 Bob Lyall Tom Coulthwaite Cecil Taylor 016.67100/6
1932 Forbra 7 10-07 Tim Hamey Tom Rimell William Parsonage 050.0050/1
1933 Kellsboro Jack 7 11-09 Dudley Williams Ivor Anthony Mrs F. Ambrose Clark 025.0025/1
1934 Golden Miller 7 12-02 Gerry Wilson Basil Briscoe Dorothy Paget 008.008/1
1935 Reynoldstown 8 11-04 Mr Frank Furlong Noel Furlong Noel Furlong 022.0022/1
1936 Reynoldstown 9 12-02 Mr Fulke Walwyn Noel Furlong Noel Furlong 010.0010/1
1937 Royal Mail 8 11-13 Evan Williams Ivor Anthony Hugh Lloyd Thomas 016.67100/6
1938 Battleship 11 11-06 Bruce Hobbs Reg Hobbs Marion Scott 040.0040/1
1939 Workman 9 10-06 Tim Hyde Jack Ruttle Sir Alexander Maguire 012.50100/8
1940 Bogskar 7 10-04 Mervyn Jones Lord Stalbridge Lord Stalbridge 025.0025/1
1941 1941–45 no race [b]
1946 Lovely Cottage 9 10-08 Capt. Bobby Petre Tommy Rayson John Morant 025.0025/1
1947 Caughoo 8 10-00 Eddie Dempsey Herbert McDowell John McDowell 100.00100/1
1948 Sheila's Cottage 9 10-07 Arthur Thompson Neville Crump John Procter 050.0050/1
1949 Russian Hero 9 10-08 Leo McMorrow George Owen Fearnie Williamson 066.0066/1
1950 Freebooter 9 11-11 Jimmy Power Bobby Renton Lurline Brotherton 010.0010/1
1951 Nickel Coin 9 10-01 John Bullock Jack O'Donoghue Jeffrey Royle 040.0040/1
1952 Teal 10 10-12 Arthur Thompson Neville Crump Harry Lane 014.29100/7
1953 Early Mist 8 11-02 Bryan Marshall Vincent O'Brien Joe Griffin 020.0020/1
1954 Royal Tan 10 11-07 Bryan Marshall Vincent O'Brien Joe Griffin 008.008/1
1955 Quare Times 9 11-00 Pat Taaffe Vincent O'Brien Cecily Welman 011.11100/9
1956 E.S.B. 10 11-03 Dave Dick Fred Rimell Mrs Leonard Carver 014.29100/7
1957 Sundew 11 11-07 Fred Winter Frank Hudson Mrs Geoffrey Kohn 020.0020/1
1958 Mr What 8 10-06 Arthur Freeman Tom Taaffe David J. Coughlan 018.0018/1
1959 Oxo 8 10-13 Michael Scudamore Willie Stephenson John Bigg 008.008/1
1960 Merryman II 9 10-12 Gerry Scott Neville Crump Winifred Wallace 006.5013/2 F
1961 Nicolaus Silver 9 10-01 Bobby Beasley Fred Rimell Charles Vaughan 028.0028/1
1962 Kilmore 12 10-04 Fred Winter Ryan Price Nat Cohen 028.0028/1
1963 Ayala 9 10-00 Pat Buckley Keith Piggott Pierre Raymond 066.0066/1
1964 Team Spirit 12 10-03 Willie Robinson Fulke Walwyn John Goodman 018.0018/1
1965 Jay Trump 8 11-05 Mr Tommy Smith Fred Winter Mary Stephenson 016.67100/6
1966 Anglo 8 10-00 Tim Norman Fred Winter Stuart Levy 050.0050/1
1967 Foinavon 9 10-00 John Buckingham John Kempton Cyril Watkins 100.00100/1
1968 Red Alligator 9 10-00 Brian Fletcher Denys Smith John Manners 014.29100/7
1969 Highland Wedding 12 10-04 Eddie Harty Toby Balding Thomas McCoy, Jr. 011.11100/9
1970 Gay Trip 8 11-05 Pat Taaffe Fred Rimell Tony Chambers 015.0015/1
1971 Specify 9 10-13 John Cook John Sutcliffe Fred Pontin 028.0028/1
1972 Well to Do 9 10-01 Graham Thorner Tim Forster Tim Forster 014.0014/1
1973 Red Rum 8 10-05 Brian Fletcher Ginger McCain Noel Le Mare 009.009/1 JF
1974 Red Rum 9 12-00 Brian Fletcher Ginger McCain Noel Le Mare 011.0011/1
1975 L'Escargot 12 11-03 Tommy Carberry Dan Moore Raymond Guest 006.5013/2
1976 Rag Trade 10 10-12 John Burke Fred Rimell Pierre Raymond 014.0014/1
1977 Red Rum 12 11-08 Tommy Stack Ginger McCain Noel Le Mare 009.009/1
1978 Lucius 9 10-09 Bob Davies G. W. Richards Fiona Whitaker 014.0014/1
1979 Rubstic 10 10-00 Maurice Barnes John Leadbetter John Douglas 025.0025/1
1980 Ben Nevis 12 10-12 Mr Charlie Fenwick Tim Forster R. C. Stewart, Jr. 040.0040/1
1981 Aldaniti 11 10-13 Bob Champion Josh Gifford Nick Embiricos 010.0010/1
1982 Grittar 9 11-05 Mr Dick Saunders Frank Gilman Frank Gilman 007.007/1 F
1983 Corbiere 8 11-04 Ben de Haan Jenny Pitman Bryan Burrough 013.0013/1
1984 Hallo Dandy 10 10-02 Neale Doughty G. W. Richards Richard Shaw 013.0013/1
1985 Last Suspect 11 10-05 Hywel Davies Tim Forster Duch. of Westminster 050.0050/1
1986 West Tip 9 10-11 Richard Dunwoody Michael Oliver Peter Luff 007.5015/2
1987 Maori Venture 11 10-13 Steve Knight Andrew Turnell Jim Joel 028.0028/1
1988 Rhyme 'n' Reason 9 11-00 Brendan Powell David Elsworth Juliet Reed 010.0010/1
1989 Little Polveir 12 10-03 Jimmy Frost Toby Balding Edward Harvey 028.0028/1
1990 Mr Frisk 11 10-06 Mr Marcus Armytage Kim Bailey Lois Duffey 016.0016/1
1991 Seagram 11 10-06 Nigel Hawke David Barons Sir Eric Parker 012.0012/1
1992 Party Politics 8 10-07 Carl Llewellyn Nick Gaselee Patricia Thompson 014.0014/1
1993 race void [c]
1994 Miinnehoma 11 10-08 Richard Dunwoody Martin Pipe Freddie Starr 016.0016/1
1995 Royal Athlete 12 10-06 Jason Titley Jenny Pitman G. & L. Johnson 040.0040/1
1996 Rough Quest 10 10-07 Mick Fitzgerald Terry Casey Andrew Wates 007.007/1 F
1997 Lord Gyllene 9 10-00 Tony Dobbin Steve Brookshaw Stan Clarke 014.0014/1
1998 Earth Summit 10 10-05 Carl Llewellyn N. Twiston-Davies Summit Partnership 007.007/1 F
1999 Bobbyjo 9 10-00 Paul Carberry Tommy Carberry Bobby Burke 010.0010/1
2000 Papillon 9 10-12 Ruby Walsh Ted Walsh Mrs J Maxwell Moran 010.0010/1
2001 Red Marauder 11 10-11 Richard Guest Norman Mason Norman Mason 033.0033/1
2002 Bindaree 8 10-04 Jim Culloty N. Twiston-Davies Raymond Mould 020.0020/1
2003 Monty's Pass 10 10-07 Barry Geraghty Jimmy Mangan Dee Racing Syndicate 016.0016/1
2004 Amberleigh House 12 10-10 Graham Lee Ginger McCain Halewood Int. Ltd 016.0016/1
2005 Hedgehunter 9 11-01 Ruby Walsh Willie Mullins Trevor Hemmings 007.007/1 F
2006 Numbersixvalverde 10 10-08 Niall Madden Martin Brassil Bernard Carroll 011.0011/1
2007 Silver Birch 10 10-06 Robbie Power Gordon Elliott Brian Walsh 033.0033/1
2008 Comply or Die 9 10-09 Timmy Murphy David Pipe David Johnson 007.007/1 JF
2009 Mon Mome 9 11-00 Liam Treadwell Venetia Williams Vida Bingham 100.00100/1

a  The 1843 winner Vanguard was trained at Lord Chesterfield's private stables at Bretby Hall.
b  The race was abandoned from 1941 to 1945 because of World War II.
c  The 1993 running was declared void because some of the horses failed to be called back after a false start.

Unofficial winners

Pre-1839

The first official running of the "Grand National" is now considered to be the 1839 Grand Liverpool Steeplechase. There had been a similar race for several years prior to this, but its status as an official Grand National was revoked some time between 1862 and 1873.

Year
Winner
Age
Weight
Jockey
Trainer
Owner
1836 The Duke 7 Capt. Martin Becher Mr Sirdefield
1837 The Duke 8 Henry Potts Mr Sirdefield
1838 Sir William 7 12-07 Alan McDonough Mr Thompson

1916–18

For three years during World War I, the Grand National could not be run at Aintree, and so a substitute event was held at another racecourse, Gatwick. This venue is now defunct, and it is presently the site of Gatwick Airport. The course was modified to make it similar to Aintree, and the races were contested over the same distance, with one less fence to be jumped. The 1916 running was titled the Racecourse Association Steeplechase, and for the next two years it was known as the War National.

Year
Winner
Age
Weight
Jockey
Trainer
Owner
1916 Vermouth 6 11-10 Jack Reardon J. Bell P. F. Heybourne
1917 Ballymacad 10 09-12 Edmund Driscoll Aubrey Hastings Sir George Bullough
1918 Poethlyn 8 11-06 Ernie Piggott Harry Escott Gwladys Peel

Notes

  • 1836The Duke won the inaugural Great Liverpool Steeplechase, which would be later renamed the Grand National.
  • 1905 – Kirkland, based in Pembrokeshire, is the only winner to be trained in Wales.
  • 1923 – Sergeant Murphy became the first American-bred horse to win the Grand National.
  • 1926 – William Watkinson recorded the first riding success for Australia. The Tasmanian-born rider was killed at Bogside in Scotland less than three weeks later.
  • 1927 – The first BBC radio commentary of the race, by Meyrick Good and George Allison.
  • 1934 – The only horse to win the Cheltenham Gold Cup and Grand National in the same season – Golden Miller.
  • 1938 – The American-bred Battleship, son of the famous Man o' War, became the first (and so far only) horse to have won both the Grand National and the American Grand National (won four years earlier).
  • 1951 - Nickel Coin is the 13th and last mare to win the race.
  • 1956Devon Loch, owned by the Queen Mother and ridden by Dick Francis, was in the lead and certain to win when he inexplicably leapt and unseated the jockey on the run-in, 50 yards (45 m) from the finish, giving victory to E.S.B.
  • 1960 – The race was televised for the first time. Since then it has always been shown by the BBC.
  • 1961 – The most recent grey horse to win the race – Nicolaus Silver. The only previous grey to win was The Lamb (1868 and 1871).
  • 1962 – Wyndburgh finished runner-up for the third time, but was never to win the race.
  • 1967 – A pile up at the 23rd fence held up many horses in the race, allowing 100/1 outsider, Foinavon, to win.
  • 1968 – The favourite for the race, Different Class, was owned by actor Gregory Peck.
  • 1975 – The second Cheltenham Gold Cup winner to win the Grand National – L'Escargot.
  • 1977Red Rum's third victory in the Grand National.
  • 1977 – The first female jockey rode in the race. Charlotte Brew rode 200/1 shot Barony Fort, who refused at the fourth fence from home.
  • 1979 – Rubstic, based in Roxburghshire, was the first winner to be trained in Scotland.
  • 1981Bob Champion, who had been diagnosed with cancer and told he only had months to live in 1979, was the winning jockey on Aldaniti, who had almost been retired because of leg trouble. A film was made of their story entitled Champions.
  • 1982 – The first female jockey to complete the race – Geraldine Rees, finished 8th (last) on 66/1 outsider Cheers.
  • 1983 – The first woman to train the winner – Jenny Pitman, with Corbiere.
  • 1990 – Jockey Chris Grant came second in the race for the third time (previous years were 1986 and 1988).
  • 1991 – The race was won by a horse called Seagram – coincidentally the race was sponsored at the time by the company Seagram. The company had previous chances to buy the horse.
  • 1992 – Party Politics won the race just five days before the 1992 UK General Election. Carl Llewellyn got his winning ride only because the horse's regular jockey Andrew Adams was injured. In 1998 he got another winning ride, this time because of an injury to that horse's regular jockey, Tom Jenks.
  • 1993 – The race was declared void after many of the riders did not hear the starter's recall. The first horse past the post was Esha Ness, ridden by John White.
  • 1997 – The delayed race (rescheduled 48 hours later after a suspected IRA bomb threat) was the last of 50 Nationals (including the void race of 1993) to be commentated on by Peter O'Sullevan.
  • 2001 – Richard Guest's winning ride on Red Marauder subsequently won the Lester Award for "Jump Ride of the Year".
  • 2005 – The race was moved back by 25 minutes owing to the wedding of Prince Charles and Camilla Parker Bowles.
  • 2009 - Mon Mome, trained by Venetia Williams, became the longest price winner since Foinavon in 1967.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b British Racing and Racecourses (ISBN 978-0950139722) by Marion Rose Halpenny - Page 167
  2. ^ "Aintree protest target". The Daily Telegraph. January 17, 2002. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/horseracing/2428768/Aintree-protest-target.html. Retrieved 2008-01-06. 
  3. ^ "National protest takes to the streets". The Independent. March 28, 2000. http://www.independent.co.uk/sport/general/national-protest-takes-to-the-streets-723143.html. Retrieved 2008-01-06. 
  4. ^ "The Grand National Course". aintree.co.uk. http://www.aintree.co.uk/pages/the-grand-national-course/. Retrieved 2009-04-07. 
  5. ^ "Evolution can't stop National interest". The Daily Telegraph. 3 Apr 2006. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/horseracing/2334738/Evolution-cant-stop-National-interest.html. Retrieved 2009-06-13. 
  6. ^ Lee, Alan (18 June 2009). "Thousands in running for People's Race". London: The Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/sport/racing/article2733207.ece. Retrieved 2009--. 
  7. ^ a b Mutlow, Mick (15 June 2009). "The Birth of The Grand National: The Real Story". Thoroughbred Heritage. http://www.tbheritage.com/TurfHallmarks/racecharts/Steeplechase/GrandNationalEarly.html. Retrieved 2009--. 
  8. ^ "From first to last - Race history". icliverpool.icnetwork.co.uk. 17 June 2009. http://icliverpool.icnetwork.co.uk/0560grandnational/0075news/tm_headline=from-first-to-last-race-history%26method=full%26objectid=11007877%26siteid=50061-name_page.html. Retrieved 2009--. 
  9. ^ Clark, Neil (15 June 2009). "Long-time leader Crisp is caught by Red Rum in the dying strides". guardian.co.uk. http://www.guardian.co.uk/sport/2007/jan/07/horseracing.features. Retrieved 2009--. 
  10. ^ "Mr Frisk and Mr Armytage". The Guardian. April 9, 1990. http://sport.guardian.co.uk/grandnational2005/story/0,,1450371,00.html. Retrieved 2009-04-07. 
  11. ^ "Captain Little Mounted on Chandler". qdg.org.uk. http://www.qdg.org.uk/pages/In-Between-Campaigning-135.php. Retrieved 2009-04-07. 


External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

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Proper noun

Grand National

  1. The premier steeplechase (horse race over fences) in the United Kingdom







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