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Coordinates: 56°01′05″N 3°43′12″W / 56.018°N 3.72°W / 56.018; -03.72

Grangemouth
Grangemouthmap1945.jpg
Map of Grangemouth from 1945
Grangemouth is located in Scotland
Grangemouth

 Grangemouth shown within Scotland
Population 17,366 [1]
OS grid reference NS935815
    - Edinburgh  33.89 kilometers (21 mi) 
Council area Falkirk
Lieutenancy area Stirling and Falkirk
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GRANGEMOUTH
Postcode district FK3
Dialling code 01324
Police Central Scotland
Fire Central Scotland
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Linlithgow and East Falkirk
Scottish Parliament Falkirk East
List of places: UK • Scotland •

Grangemouth is a town and former burgh in the council area of Falkirk, Scotland, and formerly in the County of Stirling. It is on the Firth of Forth, 3 miles east of Falkirk. It is twinned with La Porte, Indiana and with Creteil, Paris, France as part of Falkirk District. Grangemouth is currently known for its large petrochemical plant (which includes the oil refinery owned by Ineos), one of the largest in Europe.[2]

Contents

History

Grange Burn

Grangemouth was founded by Sir Lawrence Dundas in 1769 and was built in conjunction with the eastern end of the Forth and Clyde Canal. Its original name was Sealock referencing its proximity to where the canal flowed into the Forth. It became prominent due to the canal traffic that passed through. High tariffs at the port of Leith caused much traffic to come to Grangemouth instead. The re-opened canal no longer passes through the old part of Grangemouth, but joins the tidal River Carron, which has been deepened to allow access to the River Forth for canal traffic. The town's current name refers to its position at the mouth of the Grange Burn (or stream) which flows into the River Forth at this point.

During World War II, Inchyra Road was used as a runway; Canadian and Polish citizens were based there. Immediately prior to the outbreak of WWII the runway was an integral part of the Central Scotland Airport.

The Soap Works building which was used to manufacture soap and glycerine, and owned by the Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society was established in 1897. This was the largest works of its kind in Scotland and employed a considerable number of local people.

Economy

The Soap Works demolition began in July 2005

The soap works, a local landmark at the end of Wood Street opposite the Old Bus Garage, was demolished in November 2005 to make way for a new Whyte and Mackay blending and bottling plant. The town has new shopping facilities being built in response to its increasing popularity as a commuter town for Edinburgh.

Grangemouth Port is one of the main ports in the UK with the largest container terminal in Scotland, with 9 million tonnes of cargo handled through the dock facilities each year.[3] There are links to the inter-modal freight facilities elsewhere in the town which use the town's motorway connections. The town is virtually equidistant between the two largest cities in Scotland - Glasgow and Edinburgh - which has led to a number of motels and hotels being set up to satisfy the demand for convenient but lower-cost tourist and business accommodation servicing these popular destinations.

Grangemouth has an Air Training Corps Squadron, 1333 (Grangemouth) Squadron (located at the TA Centre in Central Avenue), an Army Cadet Detachment (also in Central Avenue) and a Sea and Marine cadet corps (at Grangemouth Docks).

There is one general health practice, and a few dentist's surgeries. The nearest hospital is Falkirk District (NHS Forth Valley)

Panorama of Grangemouth petrochemical works, November 2006

Culture

Grangemouth has several Christian churches: three Church of Scotland, two Catholic Churches, one Episcopal Church and several mission-type churches.

Church of Scotland:

  • Abbotgrange Parish Church (New union between Kerse and Dundas Parish Churches);
  • Kirk of the Holy Rood;
  • Zetland Parish Church

Catholic:

  • Christ the King;
  • Sacred Heart

Episcopal:

  • St Mary's

Education

Grangemouth has 4 primary schools (3 non-denominational and 1 Roman Catholic), and 1 non-denominational high school.

The schools are:

  • Bowhouse Primary School
  • Beancross Primary School
  • Moray Primary School
  • Sacred Heart Roman Catholic Primary School
  • Grangemouth High School

Roman Catholic pupils proceed to St Mungos High in Falkirk. The Grangemouth High School was recently rebuilt with new facilities such as an indoor swimming pool, dance studio, a gym, and an outdoor football pitch. Grangemouth was notable for many years for having a three-tier school system - the only area in Scotland to do so. (See main article.) This system ended in 1988.

Sports

The town has many football teams, including Mahratta AFC and Bowhouse F.C., and is home to Grangemouth Stags Rugby Football Club.

Grangemouth has an international-standard sports stadium and sports centre. Grangemouth Stadium was built for the citizens of Grangemouth, partly-funded by BP. The stadium has been extended to host a 150-metre running track, physio room, and weight-lifting. The stadium is used as the National Indoor Sports Stadium and for the Football Referees' Fitness Test for Stirlingshire. A number of parks exist in the town which are used for sports and recreational activities - Inchyra Park, which is situated close to the stadium, a small park in the Bowhouse area which is situated at the point where the Grange Burn flows into the town, and Zetland park which is situated in the centre of the town next to Grangemouth sports complex,. Grangemouth Golf Club is actually located in the neighbouring village of Polmont.

Famous residents

Further reading

References

  1. ^ Falkirk Council, 2001 Census [1], retrieved August 24, 2007
  2. ^ Ineos Grangemouth Refinery
  3. ^ Forth Ports

External links

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

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