Grant Parish, Louisiana: Wikis

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Grant Parish, Louisiana
Map of Louisiana highlighting Grant Parish
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the U.S. highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the U.S.
Seat Colfax
Largest city Colfax
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

665 sq mi (1,721 km²)
656 sq mi (1,671 km²)
19 sq mi (50 km²), 2.93%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

18,698
29/sq mi (11/km²)
Founded 1869
Named for President Ulysses S. Grant
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Grant Parish (French: Paroisse de Grant) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. The parish seat is Colfax (pronounced COAL-facks). It is part of the Alexandria, Louisiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area and Red River valley. From 1940-1960, the parish had a dramatic population loss, as many African Americans left in the Great Migration, to seek better opportunities elsewhere. Such migration continued until about 1970. As of 2000, the population was 18,698. Since then, the parish has had the highest growth rate in central Louisiana, as the economy has shifted.

Contents

History

Grant was one of several new parishes created by the Reconstruction legislature to try to build the Republican Party in the state. Founded in 1869, it had a slight majority of freedmen and was named for U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant. The parish seat of Colfax was named for Grant's first vice president, Schuyler M. Colfax (pronounced COAL-facks) of Indiana. The parish encompassed both cotton plantations and pinewoods. It was one of several areas along the Red River that had considerable violence during Reconstruction, as whites tried to maintain social control. The gubernatorial election of 1872 was disputed, leading to both parties' certifying their slates of local officers. As social tensions rose, Republican officers sat at the Colfax Courthouse. They were defended by the freedmen and state militia (mostly made up of freedmen), who feared a Democratic Party takeover of the parish. Fears and rumors were high on both sides. Whites organized a militia and advanced on the courthouse on Easter Sunday, 1873. In the ensuing violence, three whites and 120-150 blacks were killed, leading historians to call it the Colfax Massacre. The total number of freedmen deaths were never established, as some bodies were thrown into the river and woods.

The white militia was led by Christopher Columbus Nash, a Confederate captain, and made up of veterans from Grant and neighboring parishes. The following year, Nash gathered many of the white militia members as the basis of the first chapter of the White League. Other chapters quickly grew up across the state. The White League's organized violence in support of the Democratic Party included widespread intimidation of black voters. The League was integral to white Democrats' regaining power in the state by 1876. Soon after, they effectively disfranchised most blacks, a situation that persisted until after the Civil Rights-era legislation of the mid-1960s.

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21st century

Grant Parish had the highest growth rate in central Louisiana in the five-year period between 2001 and 2006, according to projections of the United States Census Bureau. The parish has had a 4.3 percent growth rate compared to 1.7 percent for its larger neighbor, Rapides Parish. Some neighboring parishes, including Winn, have experienced population decreases.[1]

Geography

The parish has a total area of 665 square miles (1,720 km2), of which, 645 square miles (1,670 km2) of it is land and 19 square miles (49 km2) of it (2.93%) is water.

Major highways

Adjacent parishes

National protected area

Demographics

Census Pop.  %±
1900 12,902
1910 15,958 23.7%
1920 14,403 −9.7%
1930 15,709 9.1%
1940 15,933 1.4%
1950 14,263 −10.5%
1960 13,330 −6.5%
1970 13,671 2.6%
1980 16,703 22.2%
1990 17,526 4.9%
2000 18,698 6.7%
Est. 2006 19,879 [2] 6.3%
Grant Parish Census Data[3]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 18,698 people, 7,073 households, and 5,276 families residing in the parish. The population density was 29 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 8,531 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 85.43% White, 11.88% Black or African American, 0.89% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. 1.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The decreases in population from 1910-1920, and from 1940-1960, were chiefly caused by different phases of the Great Migration, as African Americans left segregation and oppression of the South to seek better opportunities in the North, during the first phase, and in the West, especially California's defense industry, in the second phase. Tens of thousands of migrants left Louisiana during times of agricultural difficulties and the collapse of agricultural labor after mechanization.[5]

In 2000, there were 7,073 households out of which 36.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.20% were married couples living together, 12.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.40% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the parish the population was spread out with 28.30% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $29,622, and the median income for a family was $34,878. Males had a median income of $31,235 versus $20,470 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $14,410. About 16.90% of families and 21.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.30% of those under age 18 and 16.20% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Map of Grant Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

Education

Public schools in Grant Parish are operated by the Grant Parish School Board.

Notable natives and residents

See also

References

Coordinates: 31°35′N 92°34′W / 31.59°N 92.56°W / 31.59; -92.56


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
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Grant Parish, Louisiana
Map
File:Map of Louisiana highlighting Grant Parish.png
Location in the state of Louisiana
Map of the USA highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1869
Seat Colfax
Largest City Colfax
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 2.93%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

18698
Time zone Central : UTC-6/-5
Named for: President Ulysses S. Grant

Grant Parish (French: Paroisse de Grant) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. The parish seat is Colfax (pronounced COLL FAX). It is part of the Alexandria. As of 2000, the population was 18,698. It was organized in 1869 and named for U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant. The parish seat is named for Grant's first vice president, Schuyler M. Colfax (pronounced COLE FAX) of Indiana.

Contents

Grant Parish politics

Grant Parish tends to vote Republican in competitive statewide or regional elections. In the 2004 presidential race, Grant Parish gave the George W. Bush - Richard B. Cheney electors 5,911 votes (74 percent) to 1,977 ballots (25 percent) for the Democratic John Kerry - John Edwards slate.

At the local level, however, the parish is staunchly Democrat. In the November 17, 2007, general election, Sheriff Leonard R. "Pop" Hataway (born 1940), a 32-year incumbent first elected in 1975, was unseated by his fellow Dry Prong Democrat, Baxter Wayne Welch (born 1954), a former Louisiana state police officer. Welch received 57 percent of the vote to Hataway's 43 percent.[1]

In a special election held on April 29, 2006, Billy Ray Chandler (born 1937), another Democrat from Dry Prong, won election to the Louisiana House of Representatives. He defeated the Republican candidate, Tony Kevin Owens (born 1960) of Jena in La Salle Parish. Chandler was subsequently handily elected to a full term in the jungle primary held on October 20, 2007.

From 1992-1996, Grant Parish was represented in the legislature by an Independent, Stephen Lee "Steve" Gunn, who has been the mayor of Montgomery since 2002.

Grant Parish had the highest growth rate in central Louisiana in the five-year period between 2001 and 2006, according to projections of the United States Census Bureau. The parish has had a 4.3 percent growth rate compared to 1.7 percent for its larger neighbor, Rapides Parish. Some neighboring parishes have experienced population decreases. http://www.thetowntalk.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20061220/NEWS01/612200318

Geography

The parish has a total area of 1,721 km² (665 sq mi). 1,671 km² (645 sq mi) of it is land and 50 km² (19 sq mi) of it (2.93%) is water.

Major Highways

Adjacent parishes

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 18,698 people, 7,073 households, and 5,276 families residing in the parish. The population density was 11/km² (29/sq mi). There were 8,531 housing units at an average density of 5/km² (13/sq mi). The racial makeup of the parish was 85.43% White, 11.88% Black or African American, 0.89% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. 1.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,073 households out of which 36.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.20% were married couples living together, 12.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.40% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the parish the population was spread out with 28.30% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $29,622, and the median income for a family was $34,878. Males had a median income of $31,235 versus $20,470 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $14,410. About 16.90% of families and 21.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.30% of those under age 18 and 16.20% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Map of Grant Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

Coordinates: 31°35′N 92°34′W / 31.59, -92.56


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Grant Parish, Louisiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

Cite error: <ref> tags exist, but no <references/> tag was found
Facts about Grant Parish, LouisianaRDF feed
County names Grant Parish, Louisiana  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Louisiana  +
Short name Grant Parish  +

This article uses material from the "Grant Parish, Louisiana" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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