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The Earl Granville 
GCB, PC


In office
1804 – 1805
Preceded by Sir John Borlase Warren, Bt
Succeeded by The Lord Cathcart
In office
1807 – 1812
Preceded by The Marquess of Douglas and Clydesdale
Succeeded by The Viscount Cathcart

In office
1824 – 1828
Preceded by Charles Stuart
Succeeded by The Lord Stuart de Rothesay
In office
1830 – 1835
Preceded by The Lord Stuart de Rothesay
Succeeded by The Lord Cowley
In office
1835 – 1841
Preceded by The Lord Cowley
Succeeded by The Lord Cowley

Born 12 October 1773 (1773-10-12)
Died 8 January 1846 (1846-01-09)
Nationality British
Political party Whig
Spouse(s) Lady Harriet Cavendish
(1785-1862)
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Granville GCB PC (12 October 1773 – 8 January 1846), known as Lord Granville Leveson-Gower from 1786 to 1814 and as the Viscount Granville from 1814 to 1833, was a British Whig statesman and diplomat.

Contents

Background and education

Granville was a son of Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford and his third wife Lady Susannah Stewart, daughter of Alexander Stewart, 6th Earl of Galloway). He was also a younger, paternal half-brother of George Leveson-Gower, 1st Duke of Sutherland. He was educated at Dr Kyle's school at Hammersmith, and then by the Revd John Chappel Woodhouse, before matriculating at Christ Church, Oxford, in April 1789. He took no degree, but became a DCL in 1799.

Political and diplomatic career

He served as British ambassador to Russia (10 August 1804 - 28 November 1805 and 1806-1807) and France (1824-1828, 1830-1835, 1835-1841). In 1815 he was raised to the peerage as Viscount Granville, of Stone Park in the County of Stafford.[1] In 1833, he was further honoured when he was created Baron Leveson, of Stone Park in the County of Stafford, and Earl Granville.[2]

Family

Lord Granville married Lady Harriet Cavendish (1785-1862), daughter of William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire and Lady Georgiana Spencer, in 1809. They had two sons and two daughters. Their eldest son, Granville Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville, became a distinguished politician. Their second son the Hon. Edward Leveson-Gower was also a politician. Their daughter Lady Georgiana married Alexander Fullerton. She was a biographer, novelist and great philanthropist. Lord Granville died in January 1846, aged 72. The Countess Granville died in November 1862, aged 77. Lord Granville, prior to marrying Lady Harriet Cavendish, was the lover of Lady Harriet's maternal aunt, Henrietta Ponsonby, Countess of Bessborough, née Lady Henrietta-Frances Spencer, with whom he fathered two illegitimate children: Harriette Stewart and George Stewart.

References

  1. ^ London Gazette: no. 17040, p. 1425, 15 July 1815. Retrieved on 2008-11-17.
  2. ^ London Gazette: no. 19044, p. 835, 3 May 1833. Retrieved on 2008-11-17.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Gilbert
Thomas Anson
Member of Parliament for Lichfield
with Thomas Anson

1795–1799
Succeeded by
Sir John Wrottesley
Thomas Anson
Preceded by
Earl Gower
Sir Edward Littleton, Bt
Member of Parliament for Staffordshire
with Sir Edward Littleton, Bt

1799–1801
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Staffordshire
with Sir Edward Littleton, Bt 1801-1812
Edward John Littleton 1812-1815

1801–1815
Succeeded by
Earl Gower
Edward John Littleton
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sir John Borlase Warren, Bt
British Ambassador to Russia
1804–1805
Succeeded by
The Lord Cathcart
Preceded by
Marquess of Douglas and Clydesdale
British Ambassador to Russia
1807–1812
Succeeded by
The Viscount Cathcart
(created Earl Cathcart in 1814)
Preceded by
Charles Stuart
British Ambassador to France
1824–1828
Succeeded by
The Lord Stuart de Rothesay
Preceded by
The Lord Stuart de Rothesay
British Ambassador to France
1830–1835
Succeeded by
The Lord Cowley
Preceded by
The Lord Cowley
British Ambassador to France
1835–1841
Succeeded by
The Lord Cowley
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir James Murray-Pulteney, Bt
Secretary at War
1809
Succeeded by
The Viscount Palmerston
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Earl Granville
2nd creation
1833–1846
Succeeded by
Granville Leveson-Gower
New creation Viscount Granville
1815–1846
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