Great Northern Railway (Great Britain): Wikis

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The Bennerley Viaduct on the Awsworth Junction to Derby Branch in 2006

The Great Northern Railway (GNR) was a British railway company established by the London & York Railway Act of 1846.

The main line ran from London via Hitchin, Peterborough, and Grantham, to York, with a loop line from Peterborough to Bawtry (south of Doncaster) via Boston and Lincoln, and branch lines to Sheffield and Wakefield.

The main line became part of the East Coast Main Line.

Contents

History

Great Northern Main Line
Legend
Head station
188 York (NER)
Unknown route-map component "exHST"
184 Naburn (NER)
Unknown route-map component "exHST"
181 Escrick (NER)
Unknown route-map component "exHST"
179 Riccall (NER)
Station on track
175 Selby (NER)
Unknown route-map component "exHST"
170 Temple Hirst (NER)
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
168 Heck (NER)
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
166 Balne (NER)
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
163 Moss (NER)
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
158 Arksey
Station on track
56 Doncaster
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
151 Rossington
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
148 Bawtry
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
146 Scrooby
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
144 Ranskill
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
142 Sutton
Station on track
138 Retford
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
132 Tuxford
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
131 Dukeries Junction
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
127 Crow Park
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
126 Carflton-on-Trent
Station on track
120 Newark North Gate
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
116 Claypole
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
112 Hougham
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
110 Barkston
Station on track
105 Grantham
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
102 Great Ponton
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
97 Corby
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
93 Little Bytham
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
89 Essendine
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
85 Tallington
Station on track
76 Peterborough North
Unrestricted border on track
See below for detail south of Peterborough.
Station on track
59 Huntingdon
Station on track
32 Hitchin
End station
0 London King's Cross
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1840s

The first prospectus of the Great Northern Railway (initially called the London and York Railway) was issued on 3 May 1844, and plans were deposited in that year's parliamentary session for the following lines:

The line passed its second reading in the commons despite fierce opposition from the London and Birmingham and the newly formed Midland Railway, who at that time had a monopoly of the London to Leeds and York traffic, and despite an adverse report from the Board of Trade.

In the 1845 session, the sheer number of railway projects plus opposition from established companies and from rival projects meant that the London and York bill, although not defeated, failed by running out of time.

The London and York bill finally received Royal assent on 26 June 1846. The bill granted powers to construct the main line and loop lines. Also in the 1846 session, powers were granted to various allied companies to make lines from Boston to Grimsby and Stamford to Spalding - which was never built - and also the Hitchin to Royston section only of a proposed Oxford and Cambridge Railway.

The Great Northern began construction first on the Peterborough to Gainsborough section of the loop line, as the ease of construction over the flat fens promised an earlier return on investment. Because a proposed branch from Bawtry to Sheffield had been rejected by parliament, it was thought better for the loop line to rejoin the towns line at Rossington instead, so no work was done on the loop north of Gainsborough. The GNR suffered a setback in 1848 when this deviation was rejected, but arrangements were soon made to use the MS&LR's authorized line from Sykes Junction (on the loop line north of Lincoln) to Retford and then via their own main line, and contracts for both of these lines were quickly let.

The first section of line was opened on 1 March 1848 and was the Louth to Grimsby section of the East Lincolnshire Railway, which although nominally independent, was leased to the GNR from the start. The first section of GNR proper to be opened was the 3 miles from Doncaster to Askern Junction, where an end on connection was made with the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway line from Knottingley.

The East Lincolnshire line opened from Louth to Boston on 1 October 1848, and on the 17 October, the loop line opened between Werrington Junction and Lincoln, with GNR trains using the Midland line from Werrington Junction to Peterborough. The GNR and MS&LR lines allowing through running from Lincoln to Doncaster via Retford opened on 4 September, 1849.[1]

The immediate targets in the north were Leeds and York. On 30 June 1847, the GNR obtained running powers over the LYR from Askern to Wakefield via Knottingley, and also from Knottingley to Methley on the Midland, and on 16 October the Midland agreed to allow the GNR to run from Methley to Leeds.

On 23 February 1849, the York and North Midland Railway agreed in principle to give the GNR running powers from Burton Salmon to York, and also over a new line to be built from Knottingley to Burton Salmon. This new line was opened in June 1850, at which time the agreement was formalised and in return the GNR agreed not to proceed with its own main line from Askern to York via Selby.

First 20 miles from London

During 1846 to 1849 George Turnbull was the resident engineer under William Cubitt for the London District of the Great Northern Railway. Turnbull oversaw the construction of the first 20 miles of line out of London, including bridges, multiple cuttings and the Copenhagen, Tottenham, South Barnet, North Barnet and South Mimms tunnels (he was particularly proud of the alignment of the tunnels). In December 1848 he was busy with the plans for Kings Cross station and passing the line under the Regents Canal. On 2 February 1849 the last capstone on Holloway Bridge was set in place. On 27 March the first brick for Copenhagen Tunnel was laid by Edward Purser. The first brick of the East Barnet tunnel was laid on 23 April. There was much trouble with the cement in Tottenham and South Mimms tunnels: Turnbull stopped the use of cement — blue lias was substituted (this was made by burning the blue clay from the tunnels and grinding it).[2][3]

1850s

On 7 August 1850, the main line opened from a temporary station at Maiden Lane, London, to Peterborough. The remaining section between Peterborough and Retford opened in 1852, as did the new London terminus at King's Cross. Doncaster locomotive works opened in 1853, replacing temporary facilities at Boston.

On 1 August 1854, the Leeds, Bradford and Halifax Junction Railway opened between Leeds and Bowling Junction near Bradford. By running powers over this line and a section of the LYR, the GNR obtained access to Bradford and Halifax. In 1857, the West Yorkshire Railway opened their direct line from Wakefield to Leeds via Ardsley. The GNR had running powers over this line and immediately began using it instead of the Midland line via Methley. Also in 1857, the previously mentioned LB&HJR opened a direct line from Ardsley to Laisterdyke, near Bradford. In 1851, by agreement with the MS&LR, the GNR began a London to Manchester via Retford service, and from 1859 GNR trans also ran to Huddersfield via Penistone.

Thus by the end of the 1850s, the GNR had gained access to most of West Yorkshire, although without at this time owning any lines beyond Askern Junction, a few miles north of Doncaster. The profits gained from the coal traffic from this area to London prompted the Great Eastern Railway and Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway to promote a bill for a trunk line from Doncaster through Lincolnshire, but this was rejected by Parliament in both 1865 and 1871.

Further south, a branch from Hitchin to Royston and on to Shepreth was opened in March 1850 and worked by the GNR. This line was meant to connect with a previously authorized GER line at Shepreth. The GER had not built this line but opposed GNR powers to extend from Shepreth to Cambridge themselves. An agreement was reached for the GER to build the Shepreth to Cambridge section and then work the whole line from Hitchin to Cambridge for 14 years, with the GER taking over the expensive guarantee that the GNR had given to the Hitchin & Royston company.

The Ambergate, Nottingham, Boston and Eastern Junction Railway opened from Colwick, near Nottingham, to Grantham in July 1850 (using a tempoarary station in Grantham pending completion of the towns line). In May 1852 the GNR agreed to work this line, but the agreement was opposed by the Midland, and it was not until 1861 that the GNR got formal possession. Midland obstruction of GNR through traffic in Nottingham led to the ANB&EJR seeking powers to build a parallel line from Colwick to its own station in Nottingham at London Road.

East of Grantham, the Boston, Sleaford and Midland Counties Railway opened from near Grantham to Sleaford in June 1857 and on to Boston in April 1859. Independent companies also built branches from Essendine to Stamford and Bourne and from Welwyn to Hertford and to Dunstable via Luton, all of which were worked by the GNR.

From 1858 the GNR line into London from Hitchin was also used by the Midland. This and the agreements with the MS&LR helped to undermine the "Euston Square Confederacy" established by the London and North Western Railway.

GNR agreements with the MS&LR also led to the GNR investing in lines between Manchester and Liverpool. The Midland also became involved, and an extensive joint line grew which became known as the Cheshire Lines Committee.[4]

1860s

Great Northern Railway - Southern area
Legend
 
 
 
Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
 
Peterborough North 
Station on track
 
Yaxley & Farcet 
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
 
St Mary's 
Unknown route-map component "eABZrg" Unknown route-map component "exHSTq" Unknown route-map component "exKHSTr"
 Ramsey
Holme 
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
 
Abbots Ripton 
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
 
Huntingdon 
Station on track Head station
 Cambridge (GER)
Offord & Buckden 
Unknown route-map component "eHST" Unknown route-map component "eHST"
 Harston (GER)
St Neots 
Stop on track Stop on track
 Foxton (GER)
Tempsford 
Unknown route-map component "eHST" Stop on track
 Shepreth
Sandy 
Station on track Stop on track
 Meldreth & Melbourne
Biggleswade 
Stop on track Stop on track
 Royston
Arlesey & Shefford Road 
Stop on track Stop on track
 Ashwell
Three Counties 
Unknown route-map component "eHST" Stop on track
 Baldock
Dunstable Church Street 
Unknown route-map component "exKHSTa" Junction from left Stop on transverse track Transverse track Track turning right
 Letchworth Garden City
Luton Bute Street 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Station on track
 Hitchin
Luton Hoo 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Stop on track
 Stevenage
Harpenden 
Unknown route-map component "exHST"
Unknown route-map component "tSTRlf" + Straight track
Unknown route-map component "tSTRq" Unknown route-map component "tSTRq" Unknown route-map component "tSTRlg"
 Later LNER line
St Albans 
Unknown route-map component "exKHSTa" Unknown route-map component "exHST" Straight track Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
 Wheathampstead
Hill End 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "exHST" Straight track Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
 Ayot
Smallford 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Straight track Unknown route-map component "exSTRrg" Unknown route-map component "exKBHFr"
 Hertford
Knebworth 
Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Stop on track Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
 Hertingfordbury
Nast Hyde 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Straight track Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
 Cole Green
 
Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Straight track Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "tSTR"
 Attimore Hall
Welwyn 
Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Stop on track Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Head stop
 Cuffley & Goff's Oak
 
Unknown route-map component "exSTRlf" Unknown route-map component "exSTRq" Unknown route-map component "exABZ3lf" Unknown route-map component "exSTRq" Unknown route-map component "eABZdg" Unknown route-map component "exSTRq" Unknown route-map component "exSTRrf" Stop on track
 Crews Hill
Hatfield 
Station on track Stop on track
 Gordon Hill
Potter's Bar 
Stop on track Stop on track
 Enfield
Hadley Wood 
Stop on track Stop on track
 Grange Park
New Barnet 
Stop on track Stop on track
 Winchmore Hill
Oakleigh Park 
Stop on track Stop on track
 Palmer's Green
Edgware 
Unknown route-map component "exKHSTa" Head stop Straight track Straight track
 High Barnet
The Hale 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Stop on track Straight track Straight track
 Totteridge
Mill Hill 
Unknown route-map component "KHSTxa" Stop on track Straight track Straight track
 Woodside Park
 
Track turning left Unknown route-map component "ABZlr" Track turning right Straight track Stop on track
 Bowes Park
Finchley Church End 
Stop on track Unknown route-map component "exKHSTa" Straight track Straight track
 Alexandra Palace
East Finchley 
Stop on track Unknown route-map component "exHST" Straight track Straight track
 Muswell Hill
Cranley Gardens 
Unknown route-map component "xENDEe" Unknown route-map component "exHST" Stop on track Straight track
 New Southgate
 
Unknown route-map component "exSTRlf" Unknown route-map component "exABZlg" Junction from left Transverse track Transverse track Track turning right
 
Highgate (High-level) 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Stop on track
 Wood Green
 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Stop on track
 Hornsey
Crouch End 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Stop on track
 Harringay
Stroud Green 
Unknown route-map component "exSTRlf" Unknown route-map component "exHSTq" Unknown route-map component "eABZlg"
 
Finsbury Park 
Stop on track
 
 
Unknown route-map component "eABZlf" Unknown route-map component "exSTRq" Transverse track Track turning from right
 via North London Railway
Holloway & Caledonian Road 
Unknown route-map component "eHST" Stop on track
 Canonbury (NLR)
 
Unknown route-map component "eABZlf" Unknown route-map component "exSTRlg" Unknown route-map component "eHST"
 Mildmay Park (NLR)
King's Cross 
End station Unknown route-map component "exHST" Straight track
 Kings Cross Suburban or York Road
Farringdon (MET) 
Stop on track Unknown route-map component "exHST"
 Dalston Junction (NLR)
Victoria (SECR) 
Transverse terminus from left Transverse track Unknown route-map component "eHSTq" Junction to right Unknown route-map component "exSTR"
 Holborn Viaduct (SECR)
Aldersgate Street (MET) 
Stop on track Unknown route-map component "exSTR"
 
Moorgate Street (MET) 
End station Unknown route-map component "exKBHFe"
 Broad Street (NLR)

The GNR's role in the establishment of an Anglo-Scottish East Coast route was confirmed by establishment of the East Coast Joint Stock in 1860, whereby a common pool of passenger vehicles was operated by the GNR, the North Eastern and the North British. The main express trains were the 10am departures from King's Cross and Edinburgh, which began running in June 1862. By the 1870s they were known as the Flying Scotsman.

The Welwyn & Hertford Railway opened in March 1858, and in 1860 it opened another line to Luton and Dunstable. In 1861, now called the Hertford, Luton & Dunstable, it was absorbed by the GNR. Also acquired in 1861 was the ANB&EJR line from Nottingham to Grantham.

On 1 October 1863, the GNR began a shuttle service from Kings Cross to Farringdon Street via the city widened lines, but through suburban services did not use this line until 1 March 1868, and then were extended to Moorgate Street on 1 June 1869.

In 1864, the GNR acquired BS&MCR (Boston to Sleaford) and the Bourn and Essendine lines, leased the West Yorkshire (Wakefield to Leeds with branches to Batley and Ossett) and took a one third share in the Methley Joint (Castleford to Lofthouse & Outwood). In 1865 they acquired the Leeds, Bradford & Halifax and the previously mentioned West Yorkshire.

In 1866, at the end of the 14 year agreement with the GER, the GNR resumed working the Hitchin and Shepreth line and began running through to Cambridge.

On 1 August 1866, the GNR made an agreement with the Midland to jointly work the Eastern & Midland Railway, comprising a line from Bourne to King's Lynn via Spalding. The GNR gave the Midland running powers from Stamford to Bourne via Essendine in return for the Midland dropping a proposed line from Saxby to Bourne.

Three new lines opened in 1867 were March to Spalding on 1 April, Honington to Lincoln on 15 April and Gainsborough to Doncaster on 15 July. These lines were partly tactical, with a view to blocking repeated GER and LYR proposals for a new north - south line through the area. Also opened in 1867, on 22 August, was the Edgware & Highgate Railway from Severn Sisters Road to Edgware, which had been acquired by the GNR in June 1866.

North of Doncaster, it opened the West Riding and Grimsby Railway in February 1866, a joint venture with the MS&LR, giving the GNR a new direct express line to Wakefield and the West Yorkshire Railway's onward lines to Leeds, Bradford and Halifax, which it had bought out the previous year.

Seven Sisters Road station, a few miles north of King's Cross, had been opened on 1 July 1861. It was renamed Finsbury Park when a new public park of that name opened nearby in August 1868.

1870s

The GNR was most profitable in 1873, running a more intensive service of express trains than either the LNWR or the MR. Hauled by Patrick Stirling's single-driving-wheel locomotives, its trains were some of the fastest in the world.

However, in 1875, the increase in revenue was out-paced by investment, which included items such as block signalling systems and interlocking, and improvements to stations and goods sidings.

A number of branch lines were opened in the 1870s, including Bourne to Sleaford in 1870, Wood Green to Enfield in 1871, Finchley to High Barnet in 1872, Highgate to Alexandra Palace and Wainfleet to Skegness in 1873, Ossett to Dewsbury in 1874, Bradford to Shipley and Sedgebrook to Barkston in 1875, Newark to Bottesford and the Pudsey Greenside branch in 1878, and finally the Queensbury to Ovenden line in 1879, which completed a new route from Bradford to Halifax.

The increasing London suburban traffic caused problems in the Kings Cross area, as there were only 2 tracks through the various tunnels, and also goods trains entering Kings Cross goods had to cross the down line on the level. Pending doubling of the tunnels, a connection was made between Finsbury Park and the North London Railway at Canonbury, and some suburban traffic then ran into Broad Street. The Broad Street trains were operated by the NLR as the LNWR, part owners of Broad Street, blocked GNR attempts to gain access.

Also in the 1870s, the GNR participating in various extensions to the CLC network in Lancashire, thereby risking overextending itself on marginally profitable lines well outside its natural territory.

Much more promising was the development of the Derbyshire and Staffordshire extension, which promised good returns by tapping the Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire coalfields. The Erewash valley line was in use for coal trains by 1875, and complete opening from Nottingham to Egginton Junction via Gedling, Daybrook and Derby Friargate came in April 1878. But in order to overcome local opposition, the GNR had had to agree to LNWR running powers from Burton-on-Trent, which somewhat dimished the value of the investment. The LNWR had even better access from December 1879 with the opening of the GN&LNWR joint line from Melton Mowbray to Market Harborough, the northern section having already opened on 30 June.

1880s

The early 1880s began badly for the GNR for a number of reasons: Coal strikes and poor harvests reduced income from goods traffic. Floods forced the complete closure of the Spalding to Bourn line from 9 October 1880 until 1 February 1881, this was a Midland & Eastern line worked by the GNR, and the GNR found themselves paying the lease on a line they could derive no revenue from; And worst of all, Sutton Bridge Docks opened on 14 May 1881, into which the GNR had invested £55,000, but within a few days the docks began to subside due to being built on unstable ground. The engineers could find no remedy and the investment was written off.

Better news was the excellent returns from the coal traffic over the Derbyshire extension line. To consolidate this, in the 1880 session the GNR introduced a bill for a branch from Bulwell to Newstead, and this opened for coal traffic in July 1881 and for passengers on 2 October 1882. In 1881 the GNR bought out the Stafford & Uttoxeter Railway, reached from the Derbyshire extension by running powers over the North Staffordshire Railway.

Meanwhile in Lincolnshire, the new Spalding to Lincoln direct line opened from Spalding via Sleaford to Ruskington on 6 March 1882 and on the Lincoln on 1 August, on which date the Great Northern and Great Eastern Joint Railway came into being comprising in addition to the new Spalding - Lincoln line, the former GNR March to Spalding and Lincoln to Doncaster lines and the former GER Huntingdon to March line plus the Ramsey branch from Somersham. To the GER this was the line to the Yorkshire coal fields they had long been seeking, to the GNR it provided a new alternative line for freight from Huntingtdon to Doncaster to relieve pressure on the main line. In the first five months of the joint line, the GNR lost £50,000 due to diverted traffic, but according to Lord Colville, chairman of the GNR, it was better to have half the receipts of a joint line than to have to compete with a new entirely foreign through line.

The Leicester branch from the GN&LNWR joint line at Marefield Junction opened on 1 January 1883, and in West Yorkshire, Thornton to Denholme opened on 1 January 1884 and on to Keighley on 1 November.

In 1888, the Midland & Eastern Railway obtained powers to build a new connection to the Midland from Bourn to Saxby, citing the difficulty of operating through traffic from Bourn to Stamford via Essendine. The act also gave the Midland powers to absorb the Bourn and Lynn and the Peterborough, Wisbeach and Sutton Bridge. This posed a menace to GNR interests, and as a result the GNR made an agreement with the Midland to jointly acquire the western section of the Eastern & Midland.

1890s

Widening of the London end of the main line was completed in the 1890s.

1910s

GNR designed stock built under the LNER in 1924

During World War I, various economies were made beginning on 22 February 1915 with a general reduction of train services. Trains tended to become fewer, but longer. An agreement was also reached with the GCR and GER regarding the common use of wagons. Further economies were made in 1916 when the Nottingham to Daybrook and Peterborough to Leicester services were withdrawn, never to be reinstated.

1920s

Under the 1923 Grouping, the Great Northern became part of the London and North Eastern Railway.

St Albans branch

In 1865 a branch line opened from Hatfield to St Albans Abbey via St Albans (London Road). It closed to passengers in 1951[5] and to freight in 1969.[6] The track was subsequently removed and the route turned into a 6.5 mile long cycle path called the Alban Way. Public transport links between Hatfield and St Albans are now provided by local bus operators such as Arriva Shires & Essex and Uno.

Stations on the branch were:

Remnants of many of the closed stations still exist alongside the Alban Way.

Leicester branch

Great Northern Railway - Western Extensions Detail
Legend
Stafford (LNWR) 
Head station
 
Stafford Common 
Unknown route-map component "exHST"
 
Salt 
Unknown route-map component "exHST"
 
Ingestre 
Unknown route-map component "exHST"
 
Chartley 
Unknown route-map component "exHST"
 
Grindley 
Unknown route-map component "exHST"
 
Uttoxeter (NSR) 
Station on track
 
Marchington (NSR) 
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
 
Sudbury (NSR) 
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
 
Tutbury (NSR) 
Stop on track
 
Burton-on-Trent (NSR) 
Head station Straight track
 
Rolleston-on-Dove (NSR) 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Straight track
 
 
Unknown route-map component "exSTRlf" Unknown route-map component "eABZlg"
 
Egginton Junction 
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
 
Etwall 
Unknown route-map component "exHST"
 
Mickleover 
Unknown route-map component "exHST"
 
Derby Friargate 
Unknown route-map component "exBHF"
 
Breadsall 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "exKHSTa"
 Shirebrook
West Hallam 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "exHST"
 Pleasley
Heanor 
Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Unknown route-map component "exKHSTa" Unknown route-map component "exHST"
 Skegby
Marlpool 
Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "exHST"
 Sutton-in-Ashfield
Pinxton 
Unknown route-map component "exABZrg" Unknown route-map component "exSTRrf" Unknown route-map component "exKHSTa" Unknown route-map component "exHST"
 Newstead
Ilkeston 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "exSTR"
 Pye Hill & Somercotes
Awsworth 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "exSTR"
 Codnor Park & Selston
Eastwood & Langley Mill 
Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "exHST"
 Linby
Newthorpe 
Unknown route-map component "exABZrg" Unknown route-map component "exHSTq" Unknown route-map component "exSTRrf" Unknown route-map component "exHST"
 Hucknall
Kimberley 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "exHST"
 Butler's Hill
Basford & Bulwell 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "exSTRrg" Unknown route-map component "exABZq+l" Unknown route-map component "exHSTq" Unknown route-map component "exSTRrf"
 Bestwood Colliery
Bulwell Common (GCR) 
Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "exHST"
 Bulwell Forest
 
Unknown route-map component "exSTRlf"
Unknown route-map component "exKRZ" + Unknown route-map component "exSTRlg"
Unknown route-map component "exABZ3lf" Unknown route-map component "exHSTq" Unknown route-map component "exABZq+r" Unknown route-map component "exSTRlg"
 Daybrook
New Basford (GCR) 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "exSTR"
 Sherwood
Carrington (GCR) 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "exSTR"
 St Ann's Well
Nottingham Victoria (GCR) 
Unknown route-map component "exBHF" Unknown route-map component "exHST" Unknown route-map component "exSTR"
 Thorney Wood
 
Unknown route-map component "exTUNNEL1" Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Unknown route-map component "eHST"
 Gedling
Nottingham London Road High Level 
Unknown route-map component "exSTRlf" Unknown route-map component "exHSTq" Unknown route-map component "exSTRq" Unknown route-map component "eABZ3rf" Unknown route-map component "eABZ rd"
 
 
Stop on track
 Netherfield
 
Stop on track
 Radcliffe-on-Trent
Leicester Belgrave Road 
Unknown route-map component "exKBHFl" Unknown route-map component "exSTRq" Unknown route-map component "exSTRlg" Stop on track
 Bingham
Humberstone 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Stop on track
 Aslockton
Thurnby & Scraptoft 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Stop on track
 Elton
Ingersby 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Straight track Head station
 Newark
Lowesby 
Unknown route-map component "exHST" Straight track Unknown route-map component "exHST"
 Cotham
 
Unknown route-map component "tSTRrg" Unknown route-map component "tSTRq" Unknown route-map component "exABZrl" Unknown route-map component "tSTRq" Unknown route-map component "etBHFq" Unknown route-map component "tSTRq"
Unknown route-map component "exABZq+r" + Unknown route-map component "eABZdf"
Unknown route-map component "exSTRrf"
 Melton Mowbray
 
Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Stop on track
 Bottesford
 
Unknown route-map component "exSTR" Unknown route-map component "eHST"
 Sedgebrook
Peterborough 
End station End station
 Grantham
 
 
GN&LNWR Joint  
Unknown route-map component "tSTRq"
 

The Leicester branch was a Great Northern branch line from the Great Northern and London and North Western Joint Railway at Marefield Junction. This had the following stations:

Between Humberstone and Belgrave Road the railway crossed the Midland Main Line, but there was no interchange. Services from Leicester commenced in 1882 and ran to Peterborough and Newark until 1916 and Grantham until 1953. Summer specials to Skegness continued until 1962.

Joint lines

The Great Northern was involved in a number of joint railways.

Cheshire Lines Committee

The Cheshire Lines Committee (CLC) was formed in 1862 by the Great Northern and Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire. The Midland Railway became a partner in 1865. The system was the second largest in the country, comprising 143 miles of route, running from Manchester and Stockport to Liverpool, Chester and Southport.

Great Northern and Great Eastern Joint Railway

The Great Northern and Great Eastern Joint Railway was a line running from March to Doncaster and also from March to Huntingdon. The line gave the Great Eastern Railway much needed access to the Yorkshire coal fields.

Great Northern and London and North Western Joint Railway

The Great Northern and London and North Western Joint Railway was a system in east Leicestershire designed to give the GNR access to Leicester and the London and North Western Railway access to Nottingham and to allow the exploitation of ironstone deposits in the Melton Mowbray area.

Halifax and Ovenden Junction Railway

GNR and LYR. Holmfield to Halifax. Acts 30 June 1864 (incorporation), 12 August 1867, 1 August 1870 (vesting in GNR and LYR).[7] Later administered by the Halifax and Ovenden Joint Committee, as which it was transferred to the British Transport Commission Under the British Transport Act of 1947.[8]

Halifax High Level Railway

GNR and LYR. Holmfield to St. Paul's (Halifax). Acts 7 August 1884 (incorporation), 25 September 1886 (GNR), 5 July 1887 (GNR), 26 July 1889 (GNR), 20 June 1892, 3 July 1894 (GNR - vesting in GNR and LYR).[9]

Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway

The Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway comprised a main line ran from Peterborough to Great Yarmouth via South Lynn (with running powers to King's Lynn) and Melton Constable. Branches ran from Sutton Bridge to the Midland Railway near Little Bytham, from Melton Constable to Cromer, and from Melton Constable to Norwich.

In addition, the Norfolk and Suffolk Joint Railway was a joint line owned by the M&GNR and the Great Eastern Railway. This ran between Cromer and North Walsham and between Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft.

Methley Joint

GNR, LYR and NER. Lofthouse & Outwood to Castleford.

South Yorkshire Joint Railway

GNR, GCR, LYR, MR and NER. Doncaster through the Coalfields serving collieries in the area to Worksop

West Riding and Grimsby Joint Railway

Doncaster to Wakefield.

See also

References

  1. ^ The History of the Great Northern Railway. George Unwin. Chapters 1-6
  2. ^ Diaries of George Turnbull (Chief Engineer, East Indian Railway Company) held at the Centre of South Asian Studies at Cambridge University, England
  3. ^ George Turnbull, C.E. 437-page memoirs published privately 1893, scanned copy held in the British Library, London on compact disk since 2007
  4. ^ The History of the Great Northern Railway. George Unwin. Chap 1-6
  5. ^ "Subterranea Britannica: SB-Sites: St. Albans London Road". 2006-03-23. http://www.subbrit.org.uk/sb-sites/stations/s/st_albans_london_road/index.shtml. Retrieved 2007-02-28.  
  6. ^ "The Alban Way" (PDF). St Albans Cycle Campaign. 2005-07-21. pp. 1. http://www.stacc.org.uk/albanway/AW%20Map%20v2.1.pdf. Retrieved 2007-02-28.  
  7. ^ Joy, David (1984). A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain Volume VIII South and West Yorkshire. David St John Thomas. ISBN 0-94653-711-9.  
  8. ^ "Railway Companies Transferred to the British Transport Commission Under the British Transport Act of 1947". http://yourarchives.nationalarchives.gov.uk/index.php?title=Outline_of_British_Railway_Company_History.  
  9. ^ Joy, David (1984). A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain Volume VIII South and West Yorkshire. David St John Thomas. ISBN 0-94653-711-9.  

Further reading

  • Rayner Thrower, W. (2000). The Great Northern Main Line. Oakwood Press. ISBN 0853612978.  
  • Henshaw, A. (2000). The Great Northern Railway in the East Midlands. Railway Correspondence and Travel Society.  

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