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The Great Wall*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

The Great Wall
State Party Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iii, iv, vi
Reference 438
Region** Asia-Pacific
Inscription history
Inscription 1987  (11th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.
.This article contains Chinese text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.^ See other Chinese skyscrapers, buildings, and landmarks at Chinese Architecture.cn .
  • The Great Wall of China : , Beijing, Beijing Shi :: Glass Steel and Stone 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.glasssteelandstone.com [Source type: General]

^ You cannot see the church from the main road; it was completely blocked off by other taller buildings.
  • The Great Wall of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.tanngethong.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "How can I form a judgement without seeing a single thing you have made?"
  • Folktales from China 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.pitt.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The Great Wall of China (simplified Chinese: traditional Chinese: pinyin: Chángchéng; literally "long city/fortress" or simplified Chinese: traditional Chinese: pinyin: Wànlǐ Chángchéng; literally "The long wall of 10,000 Li ()"[1]) is a series of stone and earthen fortifications in northern China, built, rebuilt, and maintained between the 5th century BC and the 16th century to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire.^ Over 6,000 kilometers long, the Great Wall is the symbol of the Chinese nation.
  • Great Wall Hiking Tour -- Operated by China Hiking Adventures Inc. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC china-hiking.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Stairs and building on Great Wall of China .
  • Great wall china Stock Photo Images. 1970 Great wall china royalty free pictures and photos available to download from over 100 stock photography brands. 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Great Wall of China (Dec 2004) .
  • Great Wall of China (Dec 2004) on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since the 5th century BC, several walls have been built that were referred to as the Great Wall.^ "The Great Wall was built for war," he says.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Construction of the Great Wall, which spanned more than two thousand years, began between the 7th and 6th century BC and continued through the Ming Dynasty.
  • A Taste of China - Discount Vacation Packages by Friendly Planet Travel 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.friendlyplanet.com [Source type: General]

^ The earliest record of the Great Wall dates back to 656 BC, and many Emperors in successive dynasties had the Great Wall renovated or extended.
  • Heredity - The Great Wall of China: a physical barrier to gene flow? 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.nature.com [Source type: Academic]

.One of the most famous is the wall built between 220–206 BC by the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang.^ What are the most famous gardens in China?
  • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is one of the most famous gardens for lake scenery in China.
  • See the Wonders of China .... 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC wondersofchina.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The two things I remember most of our trip to China were Tiananmen Square (four years after the student uprising) and the Great Wall.
  • The Great Wall of China on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Little of that wall remains; the majority of the existing wall were built during the Ming Dynasty.^ After the formation of the Qing Dynasty, the wall no longer had any functional use as the country was then ruled by the very people the wall was built to keep out.
  • http://www.yourdiscovery.com/ancient_china/landmarks/great_wall_2/index.shtml?cc=US 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.yourdiscovery.com [Source type: News]

^ The part of the wall that still remains today formed part of the Silk Road route and was built during the Ming Dynasty.
  • http://www.yourdiscovery.com/ancient_china/landmarks/great_wall_2/index.shtml?cc=US 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.yourdiscovery.com [Source type: News]

^ The Great Wall concept was revived again during the Ming Dynasty following the Ming army's defeat by the Oirats in the Battle of Tumu in 1449.
  • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Great Wall stretches from Shanhaiguan in the east to Lop Nur in the west, along an arc that roughly delineates the southern edge of Inner Mongolia.^ The Great Wall begins at Shanhai Guan on the Bo Hai Sea and snakes west to a fort at Jiayu Guan in the Gobi Desert.
  • Beijing : Side Trips : The Great Wall | Frommers.com 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.frommers.com [Source type: General]

^ Based on greenback dimensions of 6" x 2 12", 312 bills to an inch,1.2 trillion bills would build a wall 4000 miles from Shanhaiguan to Lop Nor 30 feet wide...
  • China Hand: China's Great Wall of Cash? 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.counterpunch.org [Source type: General]

^ William Lindesay, a Briton who has been walking along and writing about the Great Wall since the mid-1980s, organizes excursions for the company Wild Wall.
  • Beijing : Side Trips : The Great Wall | Frommers.com 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.frommers.com [Source type: General]

.The most comprehensive archaeological survey, using advanced technologies, has recently concluded that the entire Great Wall, with all of its branches, stretches for 8,851.8 km (5,500.3 mi).^ The two things I remember most of our trip to China were Tiananmen Square (four years after the student uprising) and the Great Wall.
  • The Great Wall of China on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As one of the best-preserved parts of the Great Wall, Mutianyu section of Great Wall used to serve as the northern barrier defending the capital and the imperial tombs.
  • Visit the Great Wall of China on this excursion 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.isango.com [Source type: General]

^ The Great Wall stretches over approximately 6,400 km (4,000 miles) from Shanhaiguan in the east to Lop Nur in the west, along an arc that roughly delineates the southern edge of Inner Mongolia, but stretches to over 6,700 km (4,160 miles) in total.
  • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is made up of 6,259.6 km (3,889.5 mi) of sections of actual wall, 359.7 km (223.5 mi) of trenches and 2,232.5 km (1,387.2 mi) of natural defensive barriers such as hills and rivers.^ As one of the best-preserved parts of the Great Wall, Mutianyu section of Great Wall used to serve as the northern barrier defending the capital and the imperial tombs.
  • Visit the Great Wall of China on this excursion 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.isango.com [Source type: General]

^ You could hike up snaking sections of walls, enter the watchtowers and see distant views.
  • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

^ The Great Wall follows a ridge of barren hills and stretches at least 3,750 miles (6,000 km).
  • A Taste of China - Discount Vacation Packages by Friendly Planet Travel 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.friendlyplanet.com [Source type: General]

[2][3][4]

Contents

History

Great Wall of the Qin Dynasty
Great Wall of the Han Dynasty
Great Wall of the Ming Dynasty
Map of the whole wall constructions
.The Chinese were already familiar with the techniques of wall-building by the time of the Spring and Autumn Period, which began around the 8th century BC. During the Warring States Period from the 5th century BC to 221 BC, the states of Qi, Yan and Zhao all constructed extensive fortifications to defend their own borders.^ As early as the Qin Dynasty (221 BC - 206 BC), Qinshihuang, the first emperor of Qin Dynasty unified the whole nation and began to build the Great Wall to protect China's borders from the intrusion of the northern nomadic tribes.
  • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

^ The wall would stop the "banzai attack," Hunter said Thursday during an appearance on CNN, when large numbers of people cross at the same time.
  • Great Wall of America proposed | Arizona local news - Mesa, Scottsdale, Gilbert, Tempe, Chandler | eastvalleytribune.com 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.eastvalleytribune.com [Source type: News]

^ But with the first Anglo-Chinese War in 18391842, a long period of instability and concessions to Western colonial powers began.
  • China Travel, Touring around China, Great Wall of China, History, travel infomraition, travelers tips  maps of china  culture, art,  photo images. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.nelsonideas.com [Source type: General]

.Built to withstand the attack of small arms such as swords and spears, these walls were made mostly by stamping earth and gravel between board frames.^ But who should take these to him when it was such a long way to the Great Wall?
  • Folktales from China 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.pitt.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This is the best aspects of Chinese architecture concentrated into such a small space, whose built environment has a direct and crucial connection to emotional well being.
  • See the Wonders of China .... 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC wondersofchina.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In such a small population, genetic drift may play an important role in genetic variation between subpopulations.
  • Heredity - The Great Wall of China: a physical barrier to gene flow? 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.nature.com [Source type: Academic]

.Qin Shi Huang conquered all opposing states and unified China in 221 BC, establishing the Qin Dynasty.^ In 221 BC, the armies of Qin conquered the abovementioned six kingdoms and unified China.
  • Great Wall Hiking Tour -- Operated by China Hiking Adventures Inc. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC china-hiking.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As early as the Qin Dynasty (221 BC - 206 BC), Qinshihuang, the first emperor of Qin Dynasty unified the whole nation and began to build the Great Wall to protect China's borders from the intrusion of the northern nomadic tribes.
  • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

^ The king of Qin, who eventually conquered the other states to become the first emperor of a unified China, engaged in large-scale wall building toward the end of his reign, although tales of 300,000 conscripted laborers are embellishments of subsequent dynasties.
  • Beijing : Side Trips : The Great Wall | Frommers.com 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.frommers.com [Source type: General]

.Intending to impose centralized rule and prevent the resurgence of feudal lords, he ordered the destruction of the wall sections that divided his empire along the former state borders.^ A restored section of China's Great Wall stretches for miles along a mountain spine at Mutianyu.
  • China Travel, Touring around China, Great Wall of China, History, travel infomraition, travelers tips  maps of china  culture, art,  photo images. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.nelsonideas.com [Source type: General]

^ In Hebei Province, trekking along remote sections of the Great Wall, camping in villages and visiting local host families .
  • Trek Great Wall of China - asia trekking holiday 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.worldexpeditions.com [Source type: General]

^ He is wearing cloth slippers with wafer-thin rubber soles, better suited to tai chi than a trek along a mountainous section of the wall.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To protect the empire against intrusions by the Xiongnu people from the north, he ordered the building of a new wall to connect the remaining fortifications along the empire's new northern frontier.^ As early as the Qin Dynasty (221 BC - 206 BC), Qinshihuang, the first emperor of Qin Dynasty unified the whole nation and began to build the Great Wall to protect China's borders from the intrusion of the northern nomadic tribes.
  • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

^ One of the Seven Wonders of the World and an enduring symbol of Chinese civilisation and genius, the UNESCO protected Great Wall of China was built as a defensive structure to protect China against marauding invaders from the north.
  • Great Wall & Warriors Eclipse - 10 days | China | Family & Special Interest 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.onthegotours.com [Source type: General]

^ On a recent visit to the region, Cheng Dalin investigated several violations of the new regulations and recommended penalties against three companies that had blasted holes in the wall.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Transporting the large quantity of materials required for construction was difficult, so builders always tried to use local resources.^ Maglev, or magnetic levitation, is a system of transportation that suspends, guides and propels vehicles, predominantly trains, using magnetic levitation from a very large number of magnets for lift and propulsion.
  • See the Wonders of China .... 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC wondersofchina.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Stones from the mountains were used over mountain ranges, while rammed earth was used for construction in the plains.^ The ocher-colored wall below us, constructed of tamped earth instead of stone, lacks the undulations and crenelations that define the eastern sections.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unlike the earlier Qin fortifications, the Ming construction was stronger and more elaborate due to the use of bricks and stone instead of rammed earth.
  • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During its long development, it gradually formed into a style which featured timberwork combining stone carving, rammed earth construction, bucket arch buildings and many other techniques.
  • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are no surviving historical records indicating the exact length and course of the Qin Dynasty walls.^ There was of course, no sign either.
  • The Great Wall of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.tanngethong.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After the formation of the Qing Dynasty, the wall no longer had any functional use as the country was then ruled by the very people the wall was built to keep out.
  • http://www.yourdiscovery.com/ancient_china/landmarks/great_wall_2/index.shtml?cc=US 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.yourdiscovery.com [Source type: News]

^ The earliest record of the Great Wall dates back to 656 BC, and many Emperors in successive dynasties had the Great Wall renovated or extended.
  • Heredity - The Great Wall of China: a physical barrier to gene flow? 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.nature.com [Source type: Academic]

.Most of the ancient walls have eroded away over the centuries, and very few sections remain today.^ It is the most well-preserved section of the Great Wall, built during the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644).
  • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

^ The section, which lies between the Jiayu and Shanhai, passes remains in good condition today and is known throughout the world as the Great Wall of China.
  • Great Wall Hiking Tour -- Operated by China Hiking Adventures Inc. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC china-hiking.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Today the Great Wall sections around Beijing, like Badaling, Mutianyu, Jinshanling and Gubeikou receive thousand of tourists each day.
  • See the Wonders of China .... 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC wondersofchina.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Later, the Han, Sui, Northern and Jin dynasties all repaired, rebuilt, or expanded sections of the Great Wall at great cost to defend themselves against northern invaders.^ As early as the Qin Dynasty (221 BC - 206 BC), Qinshihuang, the first emperor of Qin Dynasty unified the whole nation and began to build the Great Wall to protect China's borders from the intrusion of the northern nomadic tribes.
  • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

^ The Great Wall concept was revived again during the Ming Dynasty following the Ming army's defeat by the Oirats in the Battle of Tumu in 1449.
  • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Great Wall of China was first ordered constructed by Emperor Qin during the Qin Dynasty to defend his realm against marauding nomadic tribes, and its construction continued throughout successive Chinese dynasties.
  • http://www.yourdiscovery.com/ancient_china/landmarks/great_wall_2/index.shtml?cc=US 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.yourdiscovery.com [Source type: News]

.The Great Wall concept was revived again during the Ming Dynasty following the Ming army's defeat by the Oirats in the Battle of Tumu in 1449. The Ming had failed to gain a clear upper-hand over the Manchurian and Mongolian tribes after successive battles, and the long-drawn conflict was taking a toll on the empire.^ Non-Ming Dynasty Great Wall locations .
  • Great Wall history books - Great Wall Forum 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.greatwallforum.com [Source type: General]

^ The Ming had failed to gain a clear upper-hand over the Manchurian and Mongolian tribes after successive battles, and the long-drawn conflict was taking a toll on the empire.
  • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Great Wall concept was revived again during the Ming Dynasty following the Ming army's defeat by the Oirats in the Battle of Tumu in 1449.
  • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Ming adopted a new strategy to keep the nomadic tribes out by constructing walls along the northern border of China.^ The Ming adopted a new strategy to keep the nomadic tribes out by constructing walls along the northern border of China.
  • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As early as the Qin Dynasty (221 BC - 206 BC), Qinshihuang, the first emperor of Qin Dynasty unified the whole nation and began to build the Great Wall to protect China's borders from the intrusion of the northern nomadic tribes.
  • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

^ In the end it was a new set of nomads, the Manchu, who finally solved the `barbarian problem' by out-Mongoling the Mongols from the Pacific to Xinjiang and then incorporating China in their empire.
  • Amazon.com: The Great Wall of China: From History to Myth (Canto original series) (9780521427074): Arthur Waldron: Books 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

Acknowledging the Mongol control established in the Ordos Desert, the wall followed the desert's southern edge instead of incorporating the bend of the Huang He.
Photograph of the Great Wall in 1907
.Unlike the earlier Qin fortifications, the Ming construction was stronger and more elaborate due to the use of bricks and stone instead of rammed earth.^ Unlike the earlier Qin fortifications, the Ming construction was stronger and more elaborate due to the use of bricks and stone instead of rammed earth.
  • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ocher-colored wall below us, constructed of tamped earth instead of stone, lacks the undulations and crenelations that define the eastern sections.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the Ming Dynasty, however, bricks were heavily used in many areas of the wall, as were materials such as tiles, lime, and stone.
  • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As Mongol raids continued periodically over the years, the Ming devoted considerable resources to repair and reinforce the walls.^ For example, the carrying capacity of any given nation is most likely to shrink over an extended period of time as the earth's resources, including fossil fuels, continue to be depleted.
  • The Second Great Wall Of China: Evolution of a Successful Policy of Population Control 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.npg.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1368, the founding year of the Ming Dynasty, Emperor Taizu commanded his general Xu Da to direct the reconstruction of the Great Wall.
  • Great Wall Hiking Tour -- Operated by China Hiking Adventures Inc. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC china-hiking.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (A modest ancient wall, constructed here 2,000 years before the Ming, was covered over.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sections near the Ming capital of Beijing were especially strong.^ Sections near the Ming capital of Beijing were especially strong.
  • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This fort is near the eastern edges of the Great Wall; One of the most striking sections of the Ming Great Wall is where it climbs extremely steep slopes.
  • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That's why it was a very important pass for Ming Dynasty and a great barrier of the capital Beijing.
  • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

[citation needed]
.During the 1440s–1460s, the Ming also built a so-called "Liaodong Wall". Similar in function to the Great Wall (whose extension, in a sense, it was), but more basic in construction, the Liaodong Wall enclosed the agricultural heartland of the Liaodong province, protecting it against potential incursions by Jurched-Mongol Oriyanghan from the northwest and the Jianzhou Jurchens from the north.^ "The Great Wall was built for war," he says.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Great wall originally functioned as a fortification.
  • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

^ Basic knowledge of the Great Wall .
  • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

.While stones and tiles were used in some parts of the Liaodong Wall, most of it was in fact simply an earth dike with moats on both sides.^ As he trekked along the wall in search of medicinal plants, he often quarreled with scorpion hunters who were ripping stones from the wall to get at their prey (used in the preparation of traditional medicines).
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After some time we come to a part of the Wall that has been cut off.

^ Jinshanling was a less touristed part of the wall, a little more remote, but the most spectacular section of the Great Wall – the perfect combination if you ask me.
  • Trekking the Great Wall of China | Ottsworld 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.ottsworld.com [Source type: General]

[5]
.Towards the end of the Ming Dynasty, the Great Wall helped defend the empire against the Manchu invasions that began around 1600. Under the military command of Yuan Chonghuan, the Ming army held off the Manchus at the heavily fortified Shanhaiguan pass, preventing the Manchus from entering the Chinese heartland.^ Fortified wall passing through mountains, Great Wall Of China, China .
  • Great wall Stock Photo Images. 2910 Great wall royalty free pictures and photos available to download from over 100 stock photography brands. 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]
  • Great wall china Stock Photo Images. 1970 Great wall china royalty free pictures and photos available to download from over 100 stock photography brands. 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chinese calligraphy in the Great Wall museum .
  • The Great Wall of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.tanngethong.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As early as the Qin Dynasty (221 BC - 206 BC), Qinshihuang, the first emperor of Qin Dynasty unified the whole nation and began to build the Great Wall to protect China's borders from the intrusion of the northern nomadic tribes.
  • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

.The Manchus were finally able to cross the Great Wall in 1644, when the gates at Shanhaiguan were opened by Wu Sangui, a Ming border general who disliked the activities of rulers of the Shun Dynasty.^ Non-Ming Dynasty Great Wall locations .
  • Great Wall history books - Great Wall Forum 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.greatwallforum.com [Source type: General]

^ The Great Wall Forum general information .
  • Great Wall history books - Great Wall Forum 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.greatwallforum.com [Source type: General]

^ The Great Wall of China general information .
  • Great Wall history books - Great Wall Forum 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.greatwallforum.com [Source type: General]

.The Manchus quickly seized Beijing, and defeated the newly founded Shun Dynasty and remaining Ming resistance, to establish the Qing Dynasty.^ In 1368, the founding year of the Ming Dynasty, Emperor Taizu commanded his general Xu Da to direct the reconstruction of the Great Wall.
  • Great Wall Hiking Tour -- Operated by China Hiking Adventures Inc. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC china-hiking.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Mings, last of the native rulers (13681644), overthrew the Mongol, or Yuan, dynasty (12711368) established by Kublai Khan.
  • China Travel, Touring around China, Great Wall of China, History, travel infomraition, travelers tips  maps of china  culture, art,  photo images. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.nelsonideas.com [Source type: General]

^ That's why it was a very important pass for Ming Dynasty and a great barrier of the capital Beijing.
  • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

.In 2009, an additional 290 kilometres (180 miles) of previously undetected portions of the wall, built during the Ming Dynasty, were discovered.^ Thousands of years ago, the various Chinese emperors, mainly the Ming Dynasty, built the Great Wall to keep the Monguls (Mongolians) out.
  • Trekking the Great Wall of China | Ottsworld 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.ottsworld.com [Source type: General]

^ Ming Dynasty Restaurant Reviews: The Great Wall of Kutztown, Pennsylvania Even though there are several Chinese restaurants within five miles of the Kutztown campus, one that manages to stand out slightly is the Great Wall.

^ It is the most well-preserved section of the Great Wall, built during the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644).
  • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

.The newly discovered sections range from the Hushan mountains in the northern Liaoning province to Jiayuguan in western Gansu province.^ A week later and a thousand miles away in Shandong Province, I stare at a section of wall zig-zagging up a mountain.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The sections had been submerged over time by sandstorms that moved across the arid region.[6]
.Under Qing rule, China's borders extended beyond the walls and Mongolia was annexed into the empire, so construction and repairs on the Great Wall were discontinued.^ Great Wall of China (2006) .
  • Great Wall of China | Board Game | BoardGameGeek 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Asian woman on Great Wall of China .
  • Great wall Stock Photo Images. 2910 Great wall royalty free pictures and photos available to download from over 100 stock photography brands. 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ Great Wall of China FIN.pdf .
  • Great Wall of China | Board Game | BoardGameGeek 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Notable areas

An area of the sections of the Great Wall at Jinshanling
The Great Wall
.Some of the following sections are in Beijing municipality, which were renovated and which are regularly visited by modern tourists today.^ Today the Great Wall sections around Beijing, like Badaling, Mutianyu, Jinshanling and Gubeikou receive thousand of tourists each day.
  • See the Wonders of China .... 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC wondersofchina.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the afternoon, after some rest, we decided to visit the Chongwenmen Protestant Church, one of the few officially recognized Evangelical churches in Beijing.
  • The Great Wall of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.tanngethong.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The wall at the Mutianyu access point, about 50 miles northeast of Beijing, is not as well preserved as some other sections.
  • China Travel, Touring around China, Great Wall of China, History, travel infomraition, travelers tips  maps of china  culture, art,  photo images. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.nelsonideas.com [Source type: General]

  • "North Pass" of Juyongguan pass, known as the Badaling. .When used by the Chinese to protect their land, this section of the wall has had many guards to defend China’s capital Beijing.^ Japan use to copy everything from car to camera.I think your comment on China is unfair, why single out only chinese but not Japan,Korea and India.
    • Great Walls Shanghai Line Up – Hold on to your hats | China Car Times 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.chinacartimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In order to protect the privacy of children, Great Wall China Adoption does not post photos of children waiting to be adopted.
    • Info Packet Request | Great Wall China Adoption 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.gwca.org [Source type: General]

    ^ The section, which lies between the Jiayu and Shanhai, passes remains in good condition today and is known throughout the world as the Great Wall of China.
    • Great Wall Hiking Tour -- Operated by China Hiking Adventures Inc. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC china-hiking.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Made of stone and bricks from the hills, this portion of the Great Wall is 7.8 meters (25.6 ft) high and 5 meters (16.4 ft) wide.
  • "West Pass" of Jiayuguan (pass).^ So bitter was her lament that, suddenly, a length of over two hundred miles of the Great Wall came crumbling down, while a violent storm made the sand and bricks whirl about in the air.
    • Folktales from China 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.pitt.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The section, which lies between the Jiayu and Shanhai, passes remains in good condition today and is known throughout the world as the Great Wall of China.
    • Great Wall Hiking Tour -- Operated by China Hiking Adventures Inc. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC china-hiking.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Great Wall at Badaling was an important pass with a smart design.
    • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

    .This fort is near the western edges of the Great Wall.
  • "Pass" of Shanhaiguan.^ From its origins under the first emperor in the third century B.C., the Great Wall has never been a single barrier, as early Western accounts claimed.
    • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The section, which lies between the Jiayu and Shanhai, passes remains in good condition today and is known throughout the world as the Great Wall of China.
    • Great Wall Hiking Tour -- Operated by China Hiking Adventures Inc. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC china-hiking.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Great Wall at Badaling was an important pass with a smart design.
    • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

    .This fort is near the eastern edges of the Great Wall.
  • One of the most striking sections of the Ming Great Wall is where it climbs extremely steep slopes.^ This fort is near the eastern edges of the Great Wall; One of the most striking sections of the Ming Great Wall is where it climbs extremely steep slopes.
    • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Great Wall at Badaling is one section of the great ancient defense system.
    • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This fort is near the western edges of the Great Wall.
    • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .It runs 11 kilometers (7 mi) long, ranges from 5 to 8 meters (16–26 ft) in height, and 6 meters (19.7 ft) across the bottom, narrowing up to 5 meters (16.4 ft) across the top.^ No special artifacts remain in either the left and right palaces that are about 7 meters high, six meters wide, and 26 meters long.
    • See the Wonders of China .... 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC wondersofchina.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I summed up my situation: I was cold, but as long as I moved it was OK. I was alone.
    • Walking the Great Wall of China - The Great Wall'ker 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.thegreatwallker.com [Source type: General]

    .Wangjinglou is one of Jinshanling's 67 watchtowers, 980 meters (3,215 ft) above sea level.
  • South East of Jinshanling, is the Mutianyu Great Wall which winds along lofty, cragged mountains from the southeast to the northwest for approximately 2.25 kilometers (about 1.3 miles).^ Great wall with winds from Inner Mongolia .
    • Walking the Great Wall of China - The Great Wall'ker 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.thegreatwallker.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A restored section of China's Great Wall stretches for miles along a mountain spine at Mutianyu.
    • China Travel, Touring around China, Great Wall of China, History, travel infomraition, travelers tips  maps of china  culture, art,  photo images. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.nelsonideas.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Great Wall about a month ago...
    • The Great Wall of China on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .It is connected with Juyongguan Pass to the west and Gubeikou to the east.
  • 25 km west of the Liao Tian Ling stands of part of Great wall which is only 2~3 stories high.^ Standing right on the Great Wall of CHINA!!!!
    • 109 Days at Sea » Snow on the Great Wall of China – What a site! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blogs.lynn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ High angle view of the Great Wall of China, China .
    • Great wall Stock Photo Images. 2910 Great wall royalty free pictures and photos available to download from over 100 stock photography brands. 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Fortified wall passing through mountains, Great Wall Of China, China .
    • Great wall Stock Photo Images. 2910 Great wall royalty free pictures and photos available to download from over 100 stock photography brands. 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

    .According to the records of Lin Tian, the wall was not only extremely short compared to others, but it appears to be silver.^ According to the Records of the Historian (shiji), written approximately 100 BC, "General Meng Tian mobilized 300,000 laborers?and built a great wall which followed the contour of the land, taking advantage of natural defenses."
    • Great Wall Hiking Tour -- Operated by China Hiking Adventures Inc. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC china-hiking.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ How long it took to build the Great Wall, how hard it was to build the Great Wall and how much culture the Great Wall contains, can never be compared with any other ancient project of any other country.
    • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Three respectively are the tower on a city wall, the enemy tower, tower on a city wall structure is extremely simple, only is the officers and soldiers which guards evades the cold the place.
    • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

    .Archeologists explain that the wall appears to be silver because the stone they used were from Shan Xi, where many mines are found.^ As he trekked along the wall in search of medicinal plants, he often quarreled with scorpion hunters who were ripping stones from the wall to get at their prey (used in the preparation of traditional medicines).
    • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A chart is kept on the wall of the health center indicating how many women use what kind of contraception."
    • The Second Great Wall Of China: Evolution of a Successful Policy of Population Control 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.npg.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I have hundreds of photos of the Great Wall on clear days, I purposefully didn't post those because they are a dime a dozen and a bit cliche.
    • The Great Wall of China on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The stone contains extremely high metal in it causing it to appear silver. However, due to years of decay of the Great Wall, it is hard to see the silver part of the wall today.
.Another notable section lies near the eastern extremity of the wall, where the first pass of the Great Wall was built on the Shanhaiguan (known as the “Number One Pass Under Heaven”), the first mountain the Great Wall climbs.^ "The Great Wall was built for war," he says.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Built on the Great and lesser Gold mountains (Jinshan), this section is also called the Gold Mountain Great Wall.
  • Great Wall Hiking Tour -- Operated by China Hiking Adventures Inc. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC china-hiking.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ JiaShan the first mountain the Great Wall climbs.
  • Great Wall Hiking Tour -- Operated by China Hiking Adventures Inc. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC china-hiking.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Jia Shan is also here, as is the Jiumenkou, which is the only portion of the wall that was built as a bridge.^ Here there are also reinforcing walls built alongside the wall proper and beacon towers for transmitting military information.
  • Great Wall Hiking Tour -- Operated by China Hiking Adventures Inc. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC china-hiking.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ JiuMenKou is on the border of HeBei and LiaoNing Provinces and the wall features a flat bridge that crosses a river, dry in June.
  • Great Wall Hiking Tour -- Operated by China Hiking Adventures Inc. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC china-hiking.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Shanhaiguan Great Wall is called the “Museum of the Construction of the Great Wall”, because of the Meng Jiang-Nyu Temple, built during the Song Dynasty.^ Chinese calligraphy in the Great Wall museum .
  • The Great Wall of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.tanngethong.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Meng Jiangnyu cries Great Wall .
  • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

^ According to the Records of the Historian (shiji), written approximately 100 BC, "General Meng Tian mobilized 300,000 laborers?and built a great wall which followed the contour of the land, taking advantage of natural defenses."
  • Great Wall Hiking Tour -- Operated by China Hiking Adventures Inc. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC china-hiking.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Characteristics

The Great Wall on an 1805 map
.Before the use of bricks, the Great Wall was mainly built from rammed earth, stones, and wood.^ "The Great Wall was built for war," he says.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ocher-colored wall below us, constructed of tamped earth instead of stone, lacks the undulations and crenelations that define the eastern sections.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is the most well-preserved section of the Great Wall, built during the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644).
  • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

.During the Ming Dynasty, however, bricks were heavily used in many areas of the wall, as were materials such as tiles, lime, and stone.^ It is the most well-preserved section of the Great Wall, built during the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644).
  • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

^ It is the mausoleum of Emperor Zhu Yijun, the thirteenth emperor who occupied the throne the longest during the Ming Dynasty, and his two empresses.
  • See the Wonders of China .... 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC wondersofchina.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the height of its importance during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644), the Great Wall is believed to have extended some 4,000 miles, the distance from New York to Milan.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The size and weight of the bricks made them easier to work with than earth and stone, so construction quickened.^ The ocher-colored wall below us, constructed of tamped earth instead of stone, lacks the undulations and crenelations that define the eastern sections.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Work never stopped, day or night, with the people carrying heavy loads of earth and bricks under the overseers' whips, lashes, and curses.
  • Folktales from China 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.pitt.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Additionally, bricks could bear more weight and endure better than rammed earth.^ He taught him how to play it, and after his lessons with the old man, Aniz could play more beautifully than ever.
  • Folktales from China 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.pitt.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Smart, greedy capitalists allocate the capital more efficiently and profitably than any BOC bureaucrat ever could.
  • China Hand: China's Great Wall of Cash? 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.counterpunch.org [Source type: General]

^ Tibetans could have voted for more than one of these categories, since not all were mutually exclusive.
  • Free Tibet Olympics Protest at Great Wall of China : Rangzen Alliance | World Council of Tibetans for an Independent Tibet 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.rangzen.net [Source type: Original source]

.Stone can hold under its own weight better than brick, but is more difficult to use.^ There he used a length of bamboo to make him a new flute which was much better than his old one.
  • Folktales from China 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.pitt.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I probably saw more stone clad Great Wall this afternoon than in total so far.
  • Walking the Great Wall of China - The Great Wall'ker 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.thegreatwallker.com [Source type: General]

Consequently, stones cut in rectangular shapes were used for the foundation, inner and outer brims, and gateways of the wall. .Battlements line the uppermost portion of the vast majority of the wall, with defensive gaps a little over 30 cm (one foot) tall, and about 23 cm (9 inches) wide.^ Based on greenback dimensions of 6" x 2 12", 312 bills to an inch,1.2 trillion bills would build a wall 4000 miles from Shanhaiguan to Lop Nor 30 feet wide...
  • China Hand: China's Great Wall of Cash? 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.counterpunch.org [Source type: General]

^ Great Wall at Badaling is one section of the great ancient defense system.
  • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

^ After spending about one hour on the wall we decided to walk back.
  • The Great Wall of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.tanngethong.com [Source type: Original source]

Condition

The Great Wall at Mutianyu, near Beijing
The Great Wall in fog
.While some portions north of Beijing and near tourist centers have been preserved and even extensively renovated, in many locations the Wall is in disrepair.^ Great Wall near Badaling (八达岭), Northwest of Beijing View On Black This photo has notes.
  • The Great Wall of China (2) on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Today the Great Wall sections around Beijing, like Badaling, Mutianyu, Jinshanling and Gubeikou receive thousand of tourists each day.
  • See the Wonders of China .... 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC wondersofchina.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The wall at the Mutianyu access point, about 50 miles northeast of Beijing, is not as well preserved as some other sections.
  • China Travel, Touring around China, Great Wall of China, History, travel infomraition, travelers tips  maps of china  culture, art,  photo images. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.nelsonideas.com [Source type: General]

Those parts might serve as a village playground or a source of stones to rebuild houses and roads.[7] Sections of the Wall are also prone to graffiti and vandalism. .Parts have been destroyed because the Wall is in the way of construction.^ There came all the way from different parts of China and were determine to walk some sections of the Great Wall.
  • The Great Wall of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.tanngethong.com [Source type: Original source]

[8]
.More than 60 kilometres (37 mi) of the wall in Gansu province may disappear in the next 20 years, due to erosion from sandstorms.^ This section is a little farther out than other, more popular, sections, but it's worth the extra effort in my opinion.
  • Great Wall of China (Dec 2004) on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has a history spanning more than 1,300 years.
  • See the Wonders of China .... 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC wondersofchina.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The wall was impressive, but even more impressive was my dad.
  • Trekking the Great Wall of China | Ottsworld 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.ottsworld.com [Source type: General]

.In places, the height of the wall has been reduced from more than five meters (16.4 ft) to less than two meters.^ As for Liu Yi and myself, we’ve been to the Great Wall more times than the number of fingers we have on our hands.

^ Great Wall of China is more beautiful with snow than summer!
  • Great Wall of China (Dec 2004) on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are more than 40 scenic areas scattered throughout the garden, which is divided into six parts by five boundary walls.
  • See the Wonders of China .... 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC wondersofchina.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The square lookout towers that characterize the most famous images of the wall have disappeared completely.^ The two things I remember most of our trip to China were Tiananmen Square (four years after the student uprising) and the Great Wall.
  • The Great Wall of China on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I read from the guidebook that there are a number of places with sections of the Great Wall that are worth visiting, but we chose to visit the one at Badaling the most famous one, but also the most crowded one.
  • The Great Wall of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.tanngethong.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Great Wall at Badaling is famous for its grand sceneries, complete facilities and a profound Chinese history and culture.
  • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

.Many western sections of the wall are constructed from mud, rather than brick and stone, and thus are more susceptible to erosion.^ The ocher-colored wall below us, constructed of tamped earth instead of stone, lacks the undulations and crenelations that define the eastern sections.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Elsewhere in Ningxia, construction of a paper mill in Zhongwei and a petrochemical factory in Yanchi has destroyed sections of the wall.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jinshanling was a less touristed part of the wall, a little more remote, but the most spectacular section of the Great Wall – the perfect combination if you ask me.
  • Trekking the Great Wall of China | Ottsworld 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.ottsworld.com [Source type: General]

[9]

Watchtowers and barracks

Watchtower
.Communication between the army units along the length of the Great Wall, including the ability to call reinforcements and warn garrisons of enemy movements, was of high importance.^ This is enough for a week or two along the Great Wall in the summer, all depending on how much I have been photographing.
  • Walking the Great Wall of China - The Great Wall'ker 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.thegreatwallker.com [Source type: General]

^ At the height of its importance during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644), the Great Wall is believed to have extended some 4,000 miles, the distance from New York to Milan.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A journalist's travels along China's 4,000-mile Great Wall reveal widespread deterioration despite the efforts of a few embattled preservationists .
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Signal towers were built upon hill tops or other high points along the wall for their visibility.^ The wall at the Mutianyu access point, about 50 miles northeast of Beijing, is not as well preserved as some other sections.
  • China Travel, Touring around China, Great Wall of China, History, travel infomraition, travelers tips  maps of china  culture, art,  photo images. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.nelsonideas.com [Source type: General]

^ We had planned to visit 3 separate sections of the Great Wall so that we could get a feel for the various types of construction as well as the different terrain that it was built upon.
  • Trekking the Great Wall of China | Ottsworld 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.ottsworld.com [Source type: General]

^ The point on the map will show the place I am spending the night and not exactly how far I have come along the Great Wall.
  • Walking the Great Wall of China - The Great Wall'ker 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.thegreatwallker.com [Source type: General]

Visibility from space

The Great Wall of China as seen in a false-color radar image from the Space Shuttle, taken in April 1994

Visibility from the moon

Popular beliefs ranging from Ripley's Believe It or Not!'s cartoons from 1930s, which claimed that the Great Wall is "the mightiest work of man, the only one that would be visible to the human eye from the moon," to Richard Halliburton's 1938 book Second Book of Marvels which makes a similar claim, have persisted, assuming urban legend status, and sometimes even appearing in school textbooks. .Arthur Waldron, author of The Great Wall of China: From History to Myth, has speculated that the belief might go back to the fascination with the "canals" once believed to exist on Mars.^ Great Wall of China (Dec 2004) .
  • Great Wall of China (Dec 2004) on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Walking the Great Wall of China was fantastic.
  • Walking the Great Wall of China - The Great Wall'ker 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.thegreatwallker.com [Source type: General]

^ Standing right on the Great Wall of CHINA!!!!
  • 109 Days at Sea » Snow on the Great Wall of China – What a site! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blogs.lynn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

One of the earliest known references to this myth appears in a letter written in 1754 by the English antiquary William Stukeley. Stukeley wrote that, "This mighty wall of four score miles in length (Hadrian's Wall) is only exceeded by the Chinese Wall, which makes a considerable figure upon the terrestrial globe, and may be discerned at the moon."[10]
.The Great Wall is a maximum 9.1 m (30 ft) wide and is about the same color as the soil surrounding it.^ Great Wall about a month ago...
  • The Great Wall of China on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Based on greenback dimensions of 6" x 2 12", 312 bills to an inch,1.2 trillion bills would build a wall 4000 miles from Shanhaiguan to Lop Nor 30 feet wide...
  • China Hand: China's Great Wall of Cash? 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.counterpunch.org [Source type: General]

^ Posted by Robert in Walking the Great Wall At 8.30 this morning I got the bus back to my end point yesterday.
  • Walking the Great Wall of China - The Great Wall'ker 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.thegreatwallker.com [Source type: General]

.Based on the optics of resolving power (distance versus the width of the iris: a few millimetres for the human eye, metres for large telescopes) only an object of reasonable contrast to its surroundings 70 miles or more in diameter (1 arc-minute) would be visible to the unaided eye from the moon, whose average distance from Earth is 384,393 km (238,857 miles).^ According to astronauts who looked back on earth from the moon, it is one of the few objects on earth visible from space.
  • See the Wonders of China .... 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC wondersofchina.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With only a few more minutes left before we land I put my seat in its upright and full position, as requested.

.The apparent width of the Great Wall from the moon is the same as that of a human hair viewed from 2 miles away.^ The great wall in snow, wonderful view.
  • The Great Wall of China on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scenic view of Great Wall of China .
  • Great wall china Stock Photo Images. 1970 Great wall china royalty free pictures and photos available to download from over 100 stock photography brands. 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aerial view of the Great Wall of China, China .
  • Great wall china Stock Photo Images. 1970 Great wall china royalty free pictures and photos available to download from over 100 stock photography brands. 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To see the wall from the moon would require spatial resolution 17,000 times better than normal (20/20) vision.^ But she felt a ruse would serve her purpose better than frankness, so she answered amiably: "Yes, I will, if you do three things for me."
  • Folktales from China 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.pitt.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ As for Liu Yi and myself, we’ve been to the Great Wall more times than the number of fingers we have on our hands.

^ What better reason to travel than to see a friend from afar?

[11] .Unsurprisingly, no lunar astronaut has ever claimed seeing the Great Wall from the moon.^ When the emperor heard how Meng Chiang-nu had brought part of his Great Wall down, he immediately went to see for himself what sort of person she was.
  • Folktales from China 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.pitt.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It is weird because I have never really thought about the Great Wall before, nor have I ever thought that I would get the chance to see it – but here I am!
  • 109 Days at Sea » Snow on the Great Wall of China – What a site! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blogs.lynn.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You can see part of the Great Wall here.
  • The Great Wall of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.tanngethong.com [Source type: Original source]

Visibility from low earth orbit

.A more controversial question is whether the Wall is visible from low earth orbit, i.e., an altitude of as little as 100 miles (160 km).^ The wall, according to a recent Scientific American report, is visible only "from low orbit under a specific set of weather and lighting conditions."
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.NASA claims that it is barely visible, and only under nearly perfect conditions; it is no more conspicuous than many other man-made objects.^ That made Aniz more popular than ever.
  • Folktales from China 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.pitt.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Each of them insisted that he was more skilful than the other.
  • Folktales from China 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.pitt.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ He taught him how to play it, and after his lessons with the old man, Aniz could play more beautifully than ever.
  • Folktales from China 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.pitt.edu [Source type: Original source]

[12] .Other authors have argued that due to limitations of the optics of the eye and the spacing of photoreceptors on the retina, it is impossible to see the wall with the naked eye, even from low orbit, and would require visual acuity of 20/3 (7.7 times better than normal).^ But she felt a ruse would serve her purpose better than frankness, so she answered amiably: "Yes, I will, if you do three things for me."
  • Folktales from China 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.pitt.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ "Oh, it's even better than the iron fish," said the carpenter.
  • Folktales from China 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.pitt.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ After looking at it Ku-nan's eye-sight became very sharp, he could even see a group of yurts in the far distance.
  • Folktales from China 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.pitt.edu [Source type: Original source]

[11]

Anecdotal reports

.Astronaut William Pogue thought he had seen it from Skylab but discovered he was actually looking at the Grand Canal of China near Beijing.^ "So if you just visit Shanghai or Beijing, you haven't seen the China most Chinese wake up to.
  • Hiking in China -- China Hiking Adventure Inc. -- Hiking and Cultural Tours of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC tibet-hiking.com [Source type: News]

^ (The massive earthquake that hit southern China in May did not damage the wall, although tremors could be felt on sections of it near Beijing.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A train is seen on the bridge over Lhasa River near Lhasa, capital of southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Region July 1, 2007.
  • Hiking in China -- China Hiking Adventure Inc. -- Hiking and Cultural Tours of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC tibet-hiking.com [Source type: News]

He spotted the Great Wall with binoculars, but said that "it wasn't visible to the unaided eye." U.S. Senator Jake Garn claimed to be able to see the Great Wall with the naked eye from a space shuttle orbit in the early 1980s, but his claim has been disputed by several U.S. astronauts. Veteran U.S. astronaut Gene Cernan has stated: "At Earth orbit of 100 miles (160 km) to 200 miles (320 km) high, the Great Wall of China is, indeed, visible to the naked eye." Ed Lu, Expedition 7 Science Officer aboard the International Space Station, adds that, "it's less visible than a lot of other objects. .And you have to know where to look."^ If you are I know the perfect three places to look for any wall stencil design!

.Neil Armstrong stated about the view from Apollo 11: "I do not believe that, at least with my eyes, there would be any man-made object that I could see.^ However, as soon as I closed my eyes, the old man reappeared and urged me to hurry up.
  • Folktales from China 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.pitt.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ After looking at it Ku-nan's eye-sight became very sharp, he could even see a group of yurts in the far distance.
  • Folktales from China 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.pitt.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I would want to be made excuses for as sure my fellow countrymen they have been expressed in this blog.
  • Great Walls Shanghai Line Up – Hold on to your hats | China Car Times 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.chinacartimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.I have not yet found somebody who has told me they've seen the Wall of China from Earth orbit.^ Some peasants I met in Ningxia denied that the tamped-earth barrier running past their village was part of the Great Wall, insisting that it looked nothing like the crenelated stone fortifications of Badaling they've seen on television.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Great Wall of China Great Wall of China There is a famous Chinese saying: " He who does not reach the Great Wall is not a true man."

^ Border Wall The Real Story Behind the Great Wall of China Everyone who plans a visit to China thinks of the Great Wall of China.

...I've asked various people, particularly .Shuttle guys, that have been many orbits around China in the daytime, and the ones I've talked to didn't see it."^ When I arrived at the awards banquet, I learned that I was one of many teachers from around Jiangxi Province who would be receiving an award.

^ I never thought that I would have the opportunity to see the rural China that has existed for so many centuries and that is fast disappearing...
  • Hiking in China -- China Hiking Adventure Inc. -- Hiking and Cultural Tours of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC tibet-hiking.com [Source type: News]

^ "But we didn't see much blue sky the whole time we were in China, only in Xi'an.
  • China Travel, Touring around China, Great Wall of China, History, travel infomraition, travelers tips  maps of china  culture, art,  photo images. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.nelsonideas.com [Source type: General]

[13]
Topographic maps put together showing the location of the eastern parts of the wall between the Yellow River and the Bohai Sea.
.In October 2003, Chinese astronaut Yang Liwei stated that he had not been able to see the Great Wall of China.^ Tours & tickets to the Great Wall of China .
  • Great Wall of China | Viator.com 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.viator.com [Source type: General]

^ Great Wall of China (Dec 2004) .
  • Great Wall of China (Dec 2004) on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Viator.com Great Wall of China .
  • Great Wall of China | Viator.com 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.viator.com [Source type: General]

.In response, the European Space Agency (ESA) issued a press release reporting that from an orbit between 160 and 320 km, the Great Wall is visible to the naked eye.^ Sun flashes a government-issued license and informs them that he is, in effect, the constable of the Great Wall.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The wall, according to a recent Scientific American report, is visible only "from low orbit under a specific set of weather and lighting conditions."
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In an attempt to further clarify things, the ESA published a picture of a part of the “Great Wall” photographed from Space.^ The two things I remember most of our trip to China were Tiananmen Square (four years after the student uprising) and the Great Wall.
  • The Great Wall of China on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is enough for a week or two along the Great Wall in the summer, all depending on how much I have been photographing.
  • Walking the Great Wall of China - The Great Wall'ker 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.thegreatwallker.com [Source type: General]

^ The Great Wall in the snow just looks terrific on your pictures.
  • Great Wall of China (Dec 2004) on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, in a press release a week later (no longer available in the ESA’s website), they acknowledged that the "Great Wall" in the picture was actually a river.^ There are no marathons to win and the time allocated to the actual hiking is sufficient to enjoy the sights and to stop and take pictures...
  • Hiking in China -- China Hiking Adventure Inc. -- Hiking and Cultural Tours of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC tibet-hiking.com [Source type: News]

^ The Great Wall in the snow just looks terrific on your pictures.
  • Great Wall of China (Dec 2004) on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First picture I've ever seen of the great wall with snow, great picture.
  • Great Wall of China (Dec 2004) on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11]
.Leroy Chiao, a Chinese-American astronaut, took a photograph from the International Space Station that shows the wall.^ Mongol Story of an American Family that Went to China to Adopt Chinese Twin Girls This is the story of a Waukesha Wisconsin shop owner's daughter and her family who to took their faith to the Great Wall of China to bring hope to two little girls.

^ With photographs showing only two dimensions, it is hard to appreciate the immense size of the wall as it snakes over and around the mountain peaks.
  • Hiking in China -- China Hiking Adventure Inc. -- Hiking and Cultural Tours of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC tibet-hiking.com [Source type: News]

^ Hu said the airlift showed deep sympathy and condolences of the Chinese Government and people to the American people who have suffered a severe natural disaster.
  • Hiking in China -- China Hiking Adventure Inc. -- Hiking and Cultural Tours of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC tibet-hiking.com [Source type: News]

It was so indistinct that the photographer was not certain he had actually captured it. .Based on the photograph, the China Daily later reported that the Great Wall can be seen from space with the naked eye, under favorable viewing conditions, if one knows exactly where to look.^ Great Wall of China (2006) .
  • Great Wall of China | Board Game | BoardGameGeek 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Great Wall of China FIN.pdf .
  • Great Wall of China | Board Game | BoardGameGeek 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Great Wall of China (Dec 2004) .
  • Great Wall of China (Dec 2004) on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14] However, the resolution of a camera can be much higher than the human visual system, and the optics much better, rendering photographic evidence irrelevant to the issue of whether it is visible to the naked eye.[11]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ 10,000 li = 6,508 km (4,000 miles). In Chinese, 10,000 figuratively means "infinite", and the number should not be interpreted for its actual value, but rather as meaning the "infinitely long wall".
  2. ^ "Great Wall of China 'even longer'". BBC. 2009-04-20. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8008108.stm. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  3. ^ "China's Great Wall far longer than thought: survey". AFP. 2009-04-20. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5hZntU8l3vH1I21vcievtc-QIryLA. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  4. ^ "China's Great Wall far longer than thought: survey". The Sydney Morning Herald. 2009-04-20. http://news.smh.com.au/breaking-news-world/chinas-great-wall-far-longer-than-thought-survey-20090420-acas.html. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  5. ^ Edmonds, Richard Louis (1985). Northern Frontiers of Qing China and Tokugawa Japan: A Comparative Study of Frontier Policy. University of Chicago, Department of Geography; Research Paper No. 213. pp. 38–40. ISBN 0-89065-118-3. 
  6. ^ "Great Wall of China longer than believed as 180 missing miles found; Using infrared range finders and GPS devices, official mapping project discovers sections concealed by hills, trenches and rivers,' Guardian.co.uk, April 20, 2009
  7. ^ Ford, Peter (2006, Nov 30). New law to keep China's Wall looking great. Christian Science Monitor, Asia Pacific section. Accessed 2007-03-17.
  8. ^ Bruce G. Doar: The Great Wall of China: Tangible, Intangible and Destructible. China Heritage Newsletter, China Heritage Project, Australian National University
  9. ^ "China's Wall becoming less and less Great". Reuters. 2007-08-29. http://www.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUSPEK274699. Retrieved 2007-08-30. 
  10. ^ The Family Memoirs of the Rev. William Stukeley (Durham: Surtees Society, 1882-1887) Vol. 3, p. 142.
  11. ^ a b c d Norberto López-Gil. "Is it Really Possible to See the Great Wall of China from Space with a Naked Eye?". Journal of Optometry 1 (1): 3–4. http://www.journalofoptometry.org/Archive/vol1/pdf/02%20Vol1-n1%20Letter%20to%20the%20Editor.pdf. 
  12. ^ NASA – Great Wall of China
  13. ^ NASA
  14. ^ Markus, Francis. (2005, April 19). Great Wall visible in space photo. BBC News, Asia-Pacific section. Accessed 2007-03-17.

Further reading

  • Arnold, H.J.P, "The Great Wall: Is It or Isn't It?" Astronomy Now, 1995.
  • Hessler, Peter. ."Walking the Wall". The New Yorker, May 21, 2007, pp. 56–65.
  • Lovell, Julia.^ May 21, 2007 .
    • China Hand: China's Great Wall of Cash? 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.counterpunch.org [Source type: General]

    .The Great Wall: China against the World.^ In order to protect the privacy of children, Great Wall China Adoption does not post photos of children waiting to be adopted.
    • Info Packet Request | Great Wall China Adoption 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.gwca.org [Source type: General]

    ^ China's Great Wall of Cash?
    • China Hand: China's Great Wall of Cash? 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.counterpunch.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Taste of China Beijing, Great Wall, Terracotta Warriors, Suzhou, Shanghai.
    • China Travel, Touring around China, Great Wall of China, History, travel infomraition, travelers tips  maps of china  culture, art,  photo images. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.nelsonideas.com [Source type: General]

    1000 BC - 2000 AD.
    London: Atlantic Books; Sydney, Australia: Picador, 2006. ISBN 978-0330-42241-3; ISBN 0-330-42241-3.
  • Man, John. (2008). The Great Wall. London: Bantam Press. 335 pages. .ISBN 9780593055748. 
  • Michaud, Roland (photographer); Sabrina Michaud (photographer), & Michel Jan, The Great Wall of China.^ The two things I remember most of our trip to China were Tiananmen Square (four years after the student uprising) and the Great Wall.
    • The Great Wall of China on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In order to protect the privacy of children, Great Wall China Adoption does not post photos of children waiting to be adopted.
    • Info Packet Request | Great Wall China Adoption 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.gwca.org [Source type: General]

    ^ There came all the way from different parts of China and were determine to walk some sections of the Great Wall.
    • The Great Wall of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.tanngethong.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Abbeville Press, 2001. ISBN 0-7892-0736-2
  • Waldron, Arthur, The Great Wall of China: From History to Myth.^ Nursery School History of the Great Wall of China to Present This article gives a history of the Great Wall of China.

    ^ In order to protect the privacy of children, Great Wall China Adoption does not post photos of children waiting to be adopted.
    • Info Packet Request | Great Wall China Adoption 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.gwca.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Mongol Great Wall of China How the Great Wall of China was built By Hena Tayeb   |  Published 8/4/2008 More topics: Great Wall .

    Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
  • Yamashita, Michael; Lindesay, William (2007). The Great Wall — From Beginning to End. New York: Sterling. 160 pages. ISBN 978-1-4027-3160-0. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : East Asia : China : Great Wall of China
Great Wall of China at Badaling
Great Wall of China at Badaling
.The Great Wall of China (长城 Chángchéng) stretches from Liaoning Province through Hebei Province, Tianjin Municipality, Beijing Municipality, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Shanxi Province, Shaanxi Province, and Ningxia Autonomous Region to Gansu Province within the country of China.^ India builds a 2,500-mile barrier to rival the Great Wall of China .
  • India builds a 2,500-mile barrier to rival the Great Wall of China - Times Online 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Today from Houchuan we ascend to the Great Wall, cross it and enter Hebei Province.
  • Marie Curie Cancer Care | Great Wall of China trek | Itinerary 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.mariecurie.org.uk [Source type: News]
  • http://www.doitforcharity.com/marie-curie---great-wall-of-china-2010-5846.aspx?ad=eventsummary3 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.doitforcharity.com [Source type: News]

^ The image that most non-Chinese have of the Great Wall is of endless stretches of magnificent stonework snaking their way over mountain tops as far as the eye can see.
  • Great Wall of China: Beijing & Northern China - Bradt Travel Guides 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.bradt-travelguides.com [Source type: News]

Understand

.The Great Wall of China can be visited at many places along its length of several thousand kilometers.^ First of Great Wall China pictures taken on group visit.
  • China Fotos: Great Wall China Pictures: Photos Great Wall Badaling; Great Wall Foto Link Mutianyu 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC beifan.com [Source type: General]

^ Great Wall of China construction .

^ Okay great wall China is 3203.
  • Great Wall of China video and audio on brought to you by Boston.com 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC multimedia.boston.com [Source type: News]

.Its condition ranges from excellent to ruined and access from straightforward to quite difficult.^ Traversing steep and ruined sections of the wall through a range of weather conditions was a challenge indeed, and the team felt a great sense of achievement at the end of the trek.
  • Church Mission Society (CMS) | Get involved | Sponsored challenges | Great Wall of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.cms-uk.org [Source type: News]

^ The wild wall is essentially made up of segments of the Great Wall that are now in ruins and difficult to access as the brickwork is much eroded.
  • Hiking Along the Great Wall of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.gonomad.com [Source type: News]

History

.The Great Wall, as we know it, is actually a series of several walls built at different times by different emperors.^ "The Great Wall was built for war," he says.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Great Wall series arts .
  • China Great Wall Culture Exchange Platform >> Home 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.greatwallculture.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The wall was built of different materials over the centuries.

  • Second Great Wall - built by the Han Dynasty 205-127 BC
  • Third Great Wall - built by the Jin Dynasty 1200 AD
  • Fourth Great Wall - built by the Ming Dynasty 1367-1644

First Great Wall

.The First Great Wall was ordered built in 214 BC by Qin Shi Huangdi after he had finished consolidating his rule and creating a unified China for the first time.^ The Great Wall was built over 2,000 years ago, by the emperor of Qin Dynasty (221 B.C - 206 B.C.) Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of China.
  • Baddaling Great Wall - China Tour 4 You 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.chinatour4u.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Who, when and why built the Great Wall of China?
  • Great Wall of China,Beijing Great Wall Tours,Great Wall Facts 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.travelchinaguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Qin Dynasty: the “First” Great Wall: Qin Shi Huang unified China into a centralized feudal state.
  • The History of the Great Wall of China | Travel Guide East Asia China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.eastern8.com [Source type: News]

.The wall was designed to stop raids by the Xiongnu raiders from the north.^ To protect the empire against intrusions by the Xiongnu people from the north, he ordered the building of a new wall to connect the remaining fortifications along the empire's new northern frontier.
  • Great Wall - 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.greatwall-of-china.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Great Wall of China - China World Heritage 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC travel.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Great Wall of China - World Wonders 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC travel.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ En route in his neat English postchaise to meet the emperor in Jehol, Macartney stopped at the Gubeikou pass north-east of Beijing to have a closer look at the wall.
  • GREAT WALL OF CHINA - Julia Lovell - Penguin Books 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.penguin.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To protect the empire against intrusions by the Xiongnu (Turks) people from the north, he ordered the building of a new wall to connect the remaining fortifications along the empire's new northern frontier.
  • WikiSlice 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC dev.laptop.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.500,000 laborers were used during the 32 year building period to create the First Great Wall.^ Great Wall during Quin dynasty .
  • Famous Landmarks: Satellite View of Great Wall of China - Nations Online Project 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.nationsonline.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Chinese invented the wheelbarrow and used it extensively in building the Great Wall.
  • Facts about the Great Wall of China | Random Facts 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC facts.randomhistory.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Great Wall Florid 32 .
  • Great Wall Gallery–Provides the latestGreat Wallauto photos. 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC autonews.gasgoo.com [Source type: General]

.Although the wall worked at keeping out enemies, it did nothing to stop internal pressures which lead to a regime change in 206 BC and the new leadership of the Han Dynasty.^ The second dynasty to add to the wall was the Han dynasty.
  • The Energy Planet :: Chinese, The Great Wall Of China :: English 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC library.thinkquest.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Build a wall to keep them out.
  • History Of The Great Wall Of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.allsands.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But maybe fewer know that there are actually three such Great Walls, the longest built during the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. ~ A.D. 220), following the Qin Dynasty, exceeding even 20,000 li.
  • Great Wall of China | Picture China @ Danmex China Business Resource 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.danmex.org [Source type: Original source]

.The first Han emperor, Taizong, was quick to see the benefits of the wall against the raiders and ordered more wall to stretch out as far as Zhaoxiang, Gansu Province.^ Completed in the 14th century, the 6,400-kilometre-long Great Wall dates back to China's first dynasty in 220 BC as a barrier against nomadic raiders from the north.
  • Runners take Olympic torch up China's Great Wall 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.cbc.ca [Source type: News]

^ The Great Wall was built over 2,000 years ago, by the emperor of Qin Dynasty (221 B.C - 206 B.C.) Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of China.
  • Baddaling Great Wall - China Tour 4 You 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.chinatour4u.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Click images to enlarge Continuous defensive wall stretching from western Gansu to the Gulf of Liaodong (2,250 km/1,450 mi).

Second Great Wall

.Over 70 years later, the Han Dynasty were still fighting the raiders since the Great Wall had been left to deteriorate and the raiders had breached it in several places.^ The second dynasty to add to the wall was the Han dynasty.
  • The Energy Planet :: Chinese, The Great Wall Of China :: English 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC library.thinkquest.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Great Wall during Quin dynasty .
  • Famous Landmarks: Satellite View of Great Wall of China - Nations Online Project 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.nationsonline.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Qin dynasty Great Wall of China .

.In 130 BC, Emperor Wudi of the Han Dynasty embarked on a program of extending, rebuilding and fortifying the original First Great Wall.^ The second dynasty to add to the wall was the Han dynasty.
  • The Energy Planet :: Chinese, The Great Wall Of China :: English 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC library.thinkquest.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The original Great Wall was extended and developed until the rule of the Ming Dynasty.

^ Great Wall during Quin dynasty .
  • Famous Landmarks: Satellite View of Great Wall of China - Nations Online Project 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.nationsonline.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After the emperor finished adding more regions under his rule in 127 BC, he ordered a major expansion program that created the Second Great Wall, outposts in Zhangye, Wuwei, Jiuquan, Dunhuang and Yumenguan in Gansu Province and Lopnor and other outposts in Xinjiang Province.^ Under this emperor the Great Wall took on its present immense character.

^ More Badaling Great Wall photos..
  • Photo Gallery of the Great Wall The Great Wall of China- A construction feat made by ancient Chinese people 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.greatwallchina.info [Source type: General]

^ It is a defensive outpost of the Great Wall.

.The Great Wall was extended down the Hexi Corridor through which the Silk Road traders would travel on the way to and from the West.^ Breaking down a Great Wall in China .
  • Breaking down a Great Wall in China - Travelife - Unique Destination Features, Travel News, City Guides, Hotel and Golf Course Review, Networking and Travel Tips 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.travelife.ca [Source type: News]

^ Crossing through the land of the Great Wall .

^ Danny Way ollies over the Great Wall ...
  • Great Wall of China - FREE Great Wall of China information | Encyclopedia.com: Facts, pictures, information! 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

.When the Han Dynasty fell apart into the three kingdoms of the Wei, Shu and Wu, the northern Wei kingdom decided to continue maintaining the Great Wall so that they could keep out the Rouran and Qidan nomads from the northern plains.^ After the fall of the Han Dynasty, the wall gradually decayed into ruins.
  • The Great Wall 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.china.org.cn [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Great Wall Hiking Tour -- Operated by China Hiking Adventures Inc. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC china-hiking.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The wall was built by three main dynasties, the Qin, the Han, and the Ming.
  • The Energy Planet :: Chinese, The Great Wall Of China :: English 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC library.thinkquest.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The second dynasty to add to the wall was the Han dynasty.
  • The Energy Planet :: Chinese, The Great Wall Of China :: English 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC library.thinkquest.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Despite the constant maintenance, the Wall kept being breached by the Rouran nomads.^ Despite being repaired recently, the Wall’s walking path is littered with small pieces of decaying bricks, which are made from a mixture of rice and limestone.
  • Breaking down a Great Wall in China - Travelife - Unique Destination Features, Travel News, City Guides, Hotel and Golf Course Review, Networking and Travel Tips 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.travelife.ca [Source type: News]

^ The fast riding nomadic horsemen to the north of China could congregate and attack any section of the wall and breach at will.
  • GREAT WALL 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.chinapage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Additional walls were built inside and outside of the Great Wall by the different kingdoms.^ "The Great Wall was built for war," he says.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The wall was built of different materials over the centuries.

^ Why was the Great Wall of China built?

Eventually the Wei kingdom merged with the unifying Sui kingdom and was overthrown by the Tang Dynasty in 618 AD.
.Nothing more was done to the Great Wall until the reign of the Liao and Song dynasties.^ See more Great Wall reviews .
  • Great Wall - Buffalo, NY, 14222 - Citysearch 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC buffalo.citysearch.com [Source type: General]

^ There is nothing here but great wall.
  • Beijing,Badaling Pass,Great Wall of China,Introduction in Snow, by China Report 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.drben.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Great Wall of China was built in the 7th century B.C in order to protect the Chinese Dynasty from attacks along it's northern front.
  • Great Wall of China - Ask.com 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

.The Liao Dynasty controlled the north while the Song Dynasty controlled the south.^ They controlled the lands of Manchuria and Mongolia to the north as well as China to the south.
  • Great Wall of China - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Song Dynasty (960 A.D. - 1279 A.D.) did not build it because too much land Inside of the Pass was occupied by the Jurchen tribe from North East.

^ Although Jin China would be annihilated by 1259 AD, the Song Dynasty in south China would hold out for a longer time.
  • Beijing,Badaling Pass,Great Wall of China,Introduction in Snow, by China Report 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.drben.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Liao were troubled mainly by a tribe in the northeast region of China called the Nuzhen (known as Manchu in Mandarin) so they built defensive walls along the Heilong and Songhua rivers.^ Why was the Great Wall of China built?

^ Along the wall, they built forts and watch towers.
  • China: Dim Sum: The Great Wall of China Background Information 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.newton.k12.ma.us [Source type: News]
  • History of the Great Wall - Great Wall History, History, Dates 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.muztagh.com [Source type: News]

^ Who built the Great Wall of China?

These failed to stop the raiders from coming south.

Third Great Wall

.In 1115, the Nuzhen established the Jin Dynasty and since they were from the north themselves, understood that the Mongols were right behind them.^ But a Ming general, not so fond of the Shuns, opened a gate, and the Manchus descended from the north, taking Beijing and establishing the Qing Dynasty that lasted until 1912.
  • More to Great Wall than most tourists see - SFGate 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC articles.sfgate.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The surrounding the valley area was considered during the Jin Dynasty (AD 1115-1234) as one of the Eight Sceneries of Beijing.
  • Great Wall Reviews and Photos, Beijing - IgoUgo 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

^ In fact, in the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234 A.D), this place was listed one of the Eight Best Scenic Spots in Beijing.

.The Jin emperor ordered the construction of a Third Great Wall to be built in Heilongjiang Province and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.^ "The Great Wall was built for war," he says.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Great Wall crosses five provinces and two autonomous regions.

^ Why was the Great Wall of China built?

.The walls built had the characteristics of having ditches running along the walls full length.^ The Great Wall of China was built in the 7th century B.C in order to protect the Chinese Dynasty from attacks along it's northern front.
  • Great Wall of China - Ask.com 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ To modern visitors, the structure looks remarkably similar along its length, but this is mostly due to the effect of wind erosion on the surface of the wall.
  • What is the Great Wall of China? 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.wisegeek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The passageways running along the top of the wall made it possible to move troops rapidly and, in peace time, for imperial couriers to travel.

.Despite the impressive fortifications built, the Mongols overthrew the Jin in 1276 and established the Yuan Dynasty.^ The wall was built over several dynasties and despite its failure to prevent invasions, it has become a national symbol.
  • Sandstorms sweep away parts of China's Great Wall | World news | The Guardian 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ The Great Wall of China, also known in China as the Great Wall of 10,000, is an ancient Chinese fortification built from the end of the 14th century until the beginning of the 17th century, during the Ming Dynasty, in order to protect China from raids by the Mongols and Turkic tribes.
  • China Attractions,China tour,beijing tour,Great wall tour » Great wall 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC attractions.chinavtour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, China was eventually unified by Qin Shi Huang in 221 BC, establishing the Qin dynasty and the need for the separate fortifications diminished.
  • China's oldest wall - the Great Wall of Qi in Qingdao | CQH Hotel | Copthorne Hotel Qingdao 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.millenniumhotels.com [Source type: News]

.During the Yuan dynasties rule, the Wall fell into deep disrepair and in 1368, the Chinese Ming Dynasty walked right in and took control.^ The last dynasty to add to the wall was the Ming dynasty.
  • The Energy Planet :: Chinese, The Great Wall Of China :: English 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC library.thinkquest.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, the Wall took on its present form when the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644 A.D.) was in power.
  • THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA: ONE OF THE ‘NEW SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD’ 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.highonadventure.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the fall of the Qin Dynasty , the wall fell into centuries of neglect .
  • The Great Wall of China@Everything2.com 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Ming Dynasty, after getting rid of the Mongols, determined that they would never be taken again by outsiders.^ The Ming wall initially served its defensive purpose, holding off the Manchus when they attacked the short-lived Shun Dynasty that had ousted the Mings in the 1600s.
  • More to Great Wall than most tourists see - SFGate 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC articles.sfgate.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The stone and bricks from the Ming dynasty portion of the wall would be enough to circle the earth five feet high!
  • The Great Wall of China � A Stock Photography Photo-Shoot - UnArchived Articles 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC articles.webraydian.com [Source type: General]
  • The Great Wall of China � A Stock Photography Photo-Shoot - UnArchived Articles 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC articles.webraydian.com [Source type: General]

^ After they had overthrown the Ming and established their own dynasty (Qing), the wall fell into disrepair.
  • The Great Wall of China trip planner - Wanderlust Travel Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.wanderlust.co.uk [Source type: News]

.The first emperor of the Ming Dynasty, Hongwu, re-established manning of the Great Wall, fortresses and garrisons were built along the wall, and the fort at Jiayuguan was built in 1372 at the western end of the wall.^ "The Great Wall was built for war," he says.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But first, who built the wall?
  • HowStuffWorks "How the Great Wall of China Works" 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC history.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The wall was built by three main dynasties, the Qin, the Han, and the Ming.
  • The Energy Planet :: Chinese, The Great Wall Of China :: English 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC library.thinkquest.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The second Ming emperor, Yongle, turned his focus outward from the empire and sent out explorers and diplomats into the big, wide world.^ It was originally built for the first tomb Changling - the tomb of Emperor Yongle, the most powerful emperor in the Ming dynasty.
  • Great Wall Tours, Great Wall of China Tour, Great Wall travel, China Travel Services 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC chinatour.net [Source type: General]

^ He intended to keep out the hsiong nu, or Huns from his country, to make a stable future for his descendents who will be the Second Emperor, Third Emperor…so on until infinity.
  • History Of The Great Wall Of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.allsands.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thousands of years ago, the various Chinese emperors, mainly the Ming Dynasty, built the Great Wall to keep the Monguls (Mongolians) out.
  • Trekking the Great Wall of China | Ottsworld 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.ottsworld.com [Source type: General]

Fourth Great Wall

.It was not until the battle of Tumu against the Mongols that renewed interest in reinforcing the Great Wall occurred.^ Why are you interested in the Great Wall?
  • Great Wall Forum 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC greatwallforum.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Up against the great wall of China .
  • Obama's visit to China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smh.com.au [Source type: News]

^ Although China’s Great Wall was originally built to thwart invasions by Mongols armies from the north, it never really functioned in this capacity.
  • Let's Travel China: The Great Wall of China Pictures, History, Tours 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.letstravelchina.com [Source type: News]
  • Let's Travel China: The Great Wall of China Pictures, History, Tours 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.letstravelchina.com [Source type: News]

.Between 1569 and 1583, the most well-known parts of the Great Wall were built, the Fourth Great Wall.^ "The Great Wall was built for war," he says.
  • The Great Wall of China Is Under Siege | People & Places | Smithsonian Magazine 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.smithsonianmag.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Why was the Great Wall of China built?

^ So here it is, part of the great wall of china .
  • The Great Wall of China - Google Sightseeing 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC googlesightseeing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The reinforced wall managed to repel Mongols several times.^ At this time Qi Jiguang, renowned for repairing the Great Wall, was already dead (1588), so apparently the repair and construction of the wall continued several years after his death.
  • Great Wall Blog 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC greatwall.se [Source type: General]

^ As Mongol raids continued periodically over the years, the Ming devoted considerable resources to repair and reinforce the walls.
  • WikiSlice 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC dev.laptop.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Great Wall of China - China World Heritage 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC travel.moonlightchest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Great Wall of China was partly successful in repelling invading Mongol forces more than a century ago.
  • Great Wall of China - free article courtesy of ArticleCity.com 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.articlecity.com [Source type: News]

.The Manchu retook China in 1644 and formed the Qing Dynasty.^ Thus forming the Qing dynasty .
  • Great Wall of China - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Manchus established the Qing (pronounced Ching) Dynasty (1644- 1911), Chinas last dynasty.
  • EDSITEment - Lesson Plan 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC edsitement.neh.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Manchus quickly seized Beijing , and defeated the newly founded Shun Dynasty and remaining Ming resistance, to establish the Qing Dynasty.

.From this point on, the Wall slowly started to fade away while stone and rocks were taken from the Wall for building projects and homes.^ It is the starting point of the Great Wall.

^ As well as damage from wind and water over the years, sections of the Great Wall were damaged between 1970 and 1974, when stones were used to construct barracks and farm buildings.
  • Great Wall of China at Badaling ~ Chinese Great Wall Travel Pictures 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.snapshotjourneys.com [Source type: General]

^ It has been estimated that somewhere in the range of 2 to 3 million Chinese died as part of the centuries-long project of building the wall.
  • Great Wall - 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.greatwall-of-china.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Great Wall | The Big Foto 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC thebigfoto.com [Source type: General]

.The Cultural Revolution definitely took its toll out on the wall when local people and local governments were encouraged to help dismantle the Great Wall.^ They were out in mass on the Great Wall.
  • Trekking the Great Wall of China | Ottsworld 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.ottsworld.com [Source type: General]

^ A plaque on the Wall states: "Once intended to ward off enemy attacks, today it (the Great Wall) brings the peoples of the world together."
  • Breaking down a Great Wall in China - Travelife - Unique Destination Features, Travel News, City Guides, Hotel and Golf Course Review, Networking and Travel Tips 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.travelife.ca [Source type: News]

^ It was an awesome stay and I managed to do all the things I wanted to do and that included the long walk on the Great Wall, which although a challenge was with the help of your guides great.
  • Great Wall Day Tours, Great Wall Private Day Tours - Beijing China tour operator 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.tour-beijing.com [Source type: General]
  • Beijing Great Wall Hiking Tour, Hike the Great Wall in Beijing - Beijing China Tour Operator 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.tour-beijing.com [Source type: General]

.It was not until 1984 that President Deng Xiaoping started a restoration and protection project of the Great Wall.^ Great Wall Marathon start .
  • Great Wall Marathon, Half Marathon, & 10K, China - May 2010 Beijing 9N Itinerary 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.kathyloperevents.com [Source type: General]
  • Great Wall Marathon, Half Marathon, & 10K, China - May 2010 "China + Tibet" Itinerary 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.kathyloperevents.com [Source type: General]

^ The Great Wall is so gigantic a project!

^ Great Wall's protection not so great .
  • In memory of the Great Wall greatness 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.chinadaily.com.cn [Source type: Original source]

In 1987, the Great Wall was declared a World Cultural Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Landscape

.The geography of Northern China ranges from mountainous in northeast Liaoning and Hebei Provinces, through the grasslands of Ningxia, semi-arid desert of China's loess plateau, and borders the sand dunes of the Tengger desert of Inner Mongolia.^ It snakes through 4,000 miles across the mountains of northern China.

^ Wall passing through a mountain range, Great Wall Of China ...
  • Great wall china Stock Photo Images. 1970 Great wall china royalty free pictures and photos available to download from over 100 stock photography brands. 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its position connecting the heart of inner China to the northern borders and its importance to the defense of Beijing has made it a highly coveted military asset over the centuries.
  • Juyongguan Great Wall , Juyongguan Great Wall Travel , Juyongguan Great Wall Travel Map and Introduction of Juyongguan Great Wall 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.itourbeijing.com [Source type: News]

.It is the area around Hebei and Beijing that most people associate with the Great Wall, but most of the Great Wall lies in the desert regions of the country.^ Huang Huacheng Great Wall area 2.
  • great wall of china restoration project - WorldEndeavors.com 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.worldendeavors.com [Source type: News]

^ Great Wall, Beijing, 11 - Yahoo!
  • Great Wall, Beijing, 11 - Yahoo! Travel 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC travel.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The most touristed area of the Great Wall is at Bādálǐng .
  • The Great Wall Travel Information and Travel Guide - China - Lonely Planet 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.lonelyplanet.com [Source type: General]

Flora and fauna

.Chinese wildlife is diverse, considering all of the different habitats available along the length of the Great Wall.^ Length of the Great Wall to be announced in 2008 .
  • Great Wall Blog 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC greatwall.se [Source type: General]

^ But with regards to the Great Wall , the story is different.

^ The length of the Great Wall include: .
  • Great Wall Blog 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC greatwall.se [Source type: General]

.From the rare Siberian tiger in the northeast to the protected and rare Giant Panda which lives in southern Gansu, Sichuan, and Shaanxi, you never know what you might see on a given day.^ From 150 to 200 miles up, if you have excellent vision and know exactly where to look, you could barely see the Great Wall.
  • Answer Fella: Fetid Feet, the Great Wall of China & Catherine the Great's Horse - Esquire 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.esquire.com [Source type: General]

^ Giant Pandas : If you want to have a very close look at the plump and lovely giant pandas, you should better go to the Giant Panda Breeding and Research Base in Chengdu.
  • China Attraction Guide, Great Wall, Terra Cotta Warriors, Li River, Yangtze Cruises, World Heritage 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.chinawondertours.com [Source type: News]

^ Some say it can be seen from space, but unless you’re a top gun at NASA, perhaps you’ll never know.
  • Great Wall & Warriors Eclipse - 10 days | China | Family & Special Interest 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.onthegotours.com [Source type: General]

Wild mammals can be found in the north, such as the Manchurian weasel, brown and black bears, northern pika, and mandarin vole. .Deer species include Sitka deer, roe deer and the long-sought-after spotted deer, which has many uses in Chinese medicine.^ When used by the Chinese to protect their land, this part has had many guards to defend the capital city Beijing.
  • China unique tour | golf trip | trekking tour | free traveling | silk travel | tibet tour | Private tour 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.chinauniquetour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When used by the Chinese to protect their land, this section of the wall has had many guards to defend capital [ Beijing ].

^ In addition to being a drink, Chinese tea is used in traditional Chinese medicine and in Chinese cuisine.
  • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

The birds of the region include various pheasants, black grouse, pine grosbeak, various woodpeckers, mandarin duck, and the fairy pitta, a rare migratory bird. Cranes are especially revered in China. Common, demoiselle, white-napes, hooded, and red-crowned cranes all breed in China.
.You can find many tonic plants along the Great Wall, such as the rare ginseng (Panax ginseng).^ Many times we meet Great Wall.
  • Amazon.com: The Great Wall of China: From History to Myth (Canto original series) (9780521427074): Arthur Waldron: Books 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Have you been to the Great Wall recently?

^ Once you have been to the Great Wall, you have been to China.
  • Great Wall (Badaling)- Beijing, China - VirtualTourist.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

.Chinese medicine has had many thousands of years to discover and use these tonic plants for the benefit of mankind.^ The wall’s sections around the Chinese capital, restored since the Communist Party took power in 1949, draw hundreds of thousands of visitors each year.
  • China finds another 1,000 miles of the Great Wall - Times Online 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ Thousands of years ago, the various Chinese emperors, mainly the Ming Dynasty, built the Great Wall to keep the Monguls (Mongolians) out.
  • Trekking the Great Wall of China | Ottsworld 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.ottsworld.com [Source type: General]

^ As a huge bonus, I was also meeting the Chinese people and seeing these incredibly interesting small villages that have buildings hundreds of years old.
  • Hiking in China -- China Hiking Adventure Inc. -- Hiking and Cultural Tours of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC tibet-hiking.com [Source type: News]

Climate

.Northern China has all four seasons and they arrive with a vengeance.^ In northern China, where the straw-bale program is underway in four provinces -- Jilin, Liao Ning, Heilongjiang and Inner Mongolia -?
  • The Great Straw Walls of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: News]

^ It is also many different walls, though they all run roughly parallel to one another--east to west--separating China from the lands to the north.
  • At the Great Wall(s) of China - The Daily Traveler Travel Blog 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.concierge.com [Source type: General]

^ Expect to see a 2.0-liter four-cylinder engine mated to a five-speed manual transmission, all for a base price of around $13K in China.
  • Hover Crafts: China's Great Wall said to be readying whole lineup of like-badged crossovers — Autoblog 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.autoblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Summer and winter temperatures normally reach extremes of over 40 degrees Celsius and -20 degrees Celsius respectively.^ For each species, approximately 40 individuals were collected per population, with approximately 20 individuals on each side of the Great Wall or path, respectively.
  • Heredity - The Great Wall of China: a physical barrier to gene flow? 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.nature.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Based on a great circle distance for 20 degrees of longitude at an average 40 degrees north these 2 points are around 2350 kms apart.
  • The Great Wall - World Heritage Site - Pictures, info and travel reports 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.worldheritagesite.org [Source type: General]

^ On average each year the temperature is 19 degrees Celsius.
  • See the Wonders of China .... 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC wondersofchina.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

See

.As the Great Wall of China is rather on the long side, there are a large number of places to visit it.^ First of Great Wall China pictures taken on group visit.
  • China Fotos: Great Wall China Pictures: Photos Great Wall Badaling; Great Wall Foto Link Mutianyu 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC beifan.com [Source type: General]

^ There was no need for a great wall.
  • Great Wall of China - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Okay great wall China is 3203.
  • Great Wall of China video and audio on brought to you by Boston.com 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC multimedia.boston.com [Source type: News]

The following list is divided by province/municipality.

Beijing

Great Wall at Simatai
Great Wall at Simatai
.The most popular sites can be visited in one day starting from Beijing.^ Hope to one day visit it in person.
  • Sunrise at the Great Wall of China | CheapOair 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC blog.cheapoair.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I hope to visit Beijing's version one of these days!
  • The Great Wall - World Heritage Site - Pictures, info and travel reports 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.worldheritagesite.org [Source type: General]

^ For those interested, we will offer an optional morning tour to the Lama Temple, one of the most interesting religious buildings in Beijing, originally built in 1694.
  • Great Wall Marathon, Half Marathon, & 10K, China - May 2010 Beijing 10N Itinerary 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.kathyloperevents.com [Source type: General]

.
  • Badaling and Juyongguan are nearest Beijing, and these two are among the most crowded sections of the Great Wall.
  • Mutianyu is also close to Beijing but slightly less crowded than Badaling.^ Two Great Wall sites outside Beijing .
    • GREAT WALL 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.chinapage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • China unique tour | golf trip | trekking tour | free traveling | silk travel | tibet tour | Private tour 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC chinauniquetour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Badaling, the most famous stretch of the Great Wall .
    • At the Great Wall(s) of China - The Daily Traveler Travel Blog 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.concierge.com [Source type: General]

    ^ There are a number of Great Wall sections in Beijing that you can tour.
    • Great Wall Adventure Club: Hiking from Jinshanling to Simatai 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC greatwalladventure.com [Source type: General]

    Quite peaceful early in the morning. .It has a ski lift to get onto and off the wall and a wheeled toboggan ride down on a metal track.^ It’s a stiff, 45-minute climb to the wall, so many visitors avoid aching leg muscles by taking the cable car up and the toboggan ride down.
    • The Great Wall: Across China’s great divide | VisitCHN 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.visitchn.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ We follow a track down into the valley in order to skirt a Chinese military post and follow dirt paths through trees and undergrowth before rejoining the Wall.

    ^ You can also take an optional cable car at this section to get up on the Wall for an extra 50 CNY (about US$7), and there is also a toboggan ride that you can take back down once you have seen all that you want to see.
    • Beijing Great Wall Tour, Great Wall Day Tour, sleep on Great Wall of China 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.beijingdiscoverytours.com [Source type: General]

    Fun though a bit misplaced. .Alternatively, you can hike up a series of steps.
  • Huanghuacheng one of the most well built sections of the Great Wall that caused the beheading of Lord Cai, the builder, for mismanagement and waste
  • Gubeikou, Jinshanling and Simatai are a bit farther from Beijing than other sections, but the extra time it takes to get there is rewarded with a very significant reduction in crowding and tourist traps.^ Low angle view of tourists on the Great Wall of China, Beijing, China .
    • Great wall Stock Photo Images. 2910 Great wall royalty free pictures and photos available to download from over 100 stock photography brands. 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]
    • Great wall china Stock Photo Images. 1970 Great wall china royalty free pictures and photos available to download from over 100 stock photography brands. 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Most tourists visiting the wall will do so at one of these restored sections.
    • Great Wall of China - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The popular Jinshanling-Simatai Great Wall hiking is now back.
    • Great Wall Hiking, Beijing Tour, China Tour Blogs: Great Wall Adventure Club 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.greatwalladventure.com [Source type: News]

    .Services are also limited, however; make sure you bring your own supply of water and extra film.^ Bring your own.
    • Great Wall (Badaling)- Beijing, China - VirtualTourist.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

    ^ So when you check into your Qingdao hotel make sure to ask about a tip to the Great Wall of Qi - and then you can tell your friends that you've seen China's real historical wall.
    • China's oldest wall - the Great Wall of Qi in Qingdao | CQH Hotel | Copthorne Hotel Qingdao 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.millenniumhotels.com [Source type: News]

    ^ The most interesting thing is that you can learn to make dumplings on your own if you like and I will be a very interesting experience for you.
    • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The most authentic part of the wall is at Simatai; the wall here is of original construction unlike Badaling.^ The comforts of home are here for the most part.
    • Walking the Great Wall of China/Small Group - Beijing, China Hiking & Trekking 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC realadventures.com [Source type: General]

    ^ So here it is, part of the great wall of china .
    • The Great Wall of China - Google Sightseeing 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC googlesightseeing.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Up to now, large parts of the wall are in ruins or have disappeared, however, good view points can be reached near Beijing, like Badaling Section, Simatai, Jinshanling and Gubeikou etc.
    • Great Wall of China 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC chinatour.net [Source type: General]

    .These three locations are 80 miles northeast of Beijing.
  • Hike from Jinshanling to Simatai The majority of the wall east of Jinshanling is also unrestored.^ The popular Jinshanling-Simatai Great Wall hiking is now back.
    • Great Wall Hiking, Beijing Tour, China Tour Blogs: Great Wall Adventure Club 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.greatwalladventure.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Simatai Great Wall The Simatai Great Wall is located 120 kilometers (74 miles) from Beijing.
    • Beijing tour, Beijing travel, Beijing Great Wall, the Great Wall in Beijing , Great Wall tour, 长城 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.chinaodysseytours.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Suggested Beijing tours including hiking route of Jinshanling-Simatai Great Wall .
    • Beijing tour, Beijing travel, Beijing Great Wall, the Great Wall in Beijing , Great Wall tour, 长城 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.chinaodysseytours.com [Source type: General]

    .The hike from Jinshangling to Simatai is roughly 10km.^ The hike from Jinshangling to Simatai takes about 4-5 hours, the touchest hike.
    • Great Wall Tour, Great Wall Hiking Tours in Beijing - Beijing Great Wall Tour Operator 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.tour-beijing.com [Source type: General]

    .It is a significant hike in distance but more so in the elevation change, but you will be rewarded with spectacular views and a good day of exercise.^ It is demanding but also very rewarding, particularly on a clear day when you can look at the vast and beautiful mountain ranges.
    • Great Wall of China charity trek. World's best responsible & ecotourism holidays 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.responsibletravel.com [Source type: News]
    • Great Wall Discovery: Trek challenge to China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.charitychallenge.com [Source type: General]

    ^ As well as hiking the almighty Wall, you will also take part in an off road exploration of the spectacular Ming Tombs – the last resting place of the Ming Dynasty Emperors, including Ding Ling and Chang Ling.
    • Great Wall of China Challenge | Epilepsy Action 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.epilepsy.org.uk [Source type: News]

    ^ Six of us made it to the viewing platform and were rewarded with a once in a lifetime utterly breath-taking and spectacular view of the Wall stretching over the mountains all around, finally fading away in the distance.

    .Expect to spend anywhere from 2.5 hours to 6 hours on the wall, depending on your fitness level, ambition and frequency of photo ops.^ It is approximately 8 miles from Jinshaling to Simatai via the Great Wall – but it will take anywhere from 4 to 7 hours to complete it depending on your fitness, and your knees!
    • Trekking the Great Wall of China | Ottsworld 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.ottsworld.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The entire hike will take between 4 - 6 hours depending upon your speed.
    • Beijing Great Wall Tour, Great Wall Day Tour, sleep on Great Wall of China 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.beijingdiscoverytours.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Depending on your knowledge of geography , your perseverance , how good your eyesight is and the weather condition s, you might (or might not) be able to see the Great Wall.
    • The Great Wall of China@Everything2.com 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    .When you are half way between the two sections, there are hardly any tourists.^ There is a warning to tourists not to cross a barrier here and two guards make sure that no one ventures beyond this point.
    • Desicritics.org: Travel: Hike on Eastern Simatai, Great Wall of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC desicritics.org [Source type: General]

    ^ You might not be told that this stop's on the tour by Confucius, 2 more photos The Longdi Superior Jade Gallery is a tourist bus stop on the way to Badaling Great Wall.
    • Badaling Great Wall - Beijing Tourist Traps - VirtualTourist.com 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Day Two, after a catered breakfast, features a 4 - 5 hour hike between two of the most spectacular sections of the Great Wall in all of China: Jinshanling and Simatai.
    • Beijing Great Wall Tour, Great Wall Day Tour, sleep on Great Wall of China 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.beijingdiscoverytours.com [Source type: General]

    .In fact, more foreign tourists are seen doing this thorough hike than domestic Chinese tourists.^ About 130 million domestic and foreign tourists have flocked to the site since it became the earliest section of the wall to be opened to sightseeers.
    • Starbucks breaches Great Wall of China | News | guardian.co.uk 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: News]

    ^ Facts of Great Wall of China: At its peak the Ming Wall contained thousands of individual forts and towers and was guarded by more than a million men.
    • The Energy Planet :: Chinese, The Great Wall Of China :: English 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC library.thinkquest.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Foreigners lent Shanghai its appearance, making it more western than traditional Chinese.

    .Comfortable shoes and clothes are needed, as you will be hiking on moving bricks sometimes combined with steep climbs.^ Wear comfortable clothes, especially shoes.
    • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ So, comfortable clothes and shoes are strongly recommended.
    • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The 10km hike is quite strenuous; you'll be climbing and descending for about 4 hours over restored and original wall segments.

    Water and snacks should be in your backpack. .But you will find some local vendors selling water and sometimes snacks on the wall.^ Where can I find food to eat if I sell this to you?"
    • Folktales from China 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.pitt.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ This super strong wall was built across some of the most dangerous terrains in China, including steep mountains, sometimes on 70 degree inclines!
    • The Energy Planet :: Chinese, The Great Wall Of China :: English 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC library.thinkquest.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Vendors along the higher points of the Wall sell cold water and the coldest cans of beer you’ll ever find during the summer, well worth the 5 CNY (US$0.70) per can (don’t forget to bargain.
    • Beijing Great Wall Tour, Great Wall Day Tour, sleep on Great Wall of China 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.beijingdiscoverytours.com [Source type: General]

    .When you descend down from Simatai, there is a zip line available for RMB40. It's roughly 400m, and is over a river.^ The rooms have a partial view of the river, there are bikes for rent and you can ride a bamboo raft down the river.

    ^ There is also a “zipline” that can give you a thrilling ride over the reservoir back down to the base point.
    • Beijing Great Wall Tour, Great Wall Day Tour, sleep on Great Wall of China 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.beijingdiscoverytours.com [Source type: General]

    ^ There is also an optional cable car ride that can take you up for a great view and then back down again, for 60 CNY (about US$9).
    • Beijing Great Wall Tour, Great Wall Day Tour, sleep on Great Wall of China 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.beijingdiscoverytours.com [Source type: General]

    .It will take you down to the other side of the river, and includes a short boat ride back to catch your ground transport.^ Take it back with you and it will provide you with your livelihood."
    • Folktales from China 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.pitt.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ After biking for a while, the bamboo raft will be waiting to take you down the river.

    ^ The pack provided another level of difficulty to the trek as you were constantly trying to figure out your balance as you descended, ensuring the weight of the backpack didn’t take you too far in one direction…namely tumbling down!
    • Trekking the Great Wall of China | Ottsworld 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.ottsworld.com [Source type: General]

    .During the middle of this hike, collectors will charge you again because you are entering another part of the Wall.^ DAY 8: Simatai drive to a small village near Mutianyu, Hike from the village to Mutianyu part of the Wall.

    ^ The worst part is that you can’t avoid it; the route up to the wall is lined all the way with commercial establishments.
    • Great Wall Reviews and Photos, Beijing - IgoUgo 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.igougo.com [Source type: General]

    ^ You could hike up snaking sections of walls, enter the watchtowers and see distant views.
    • Great Wall at Badaling Travel Guide - China Attractions | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: General]

    If you are going between sections, there is little you can do about it other than turn back.

Hebei and Tianjin

Old Dragon's Head beginning of the Great Wall
.
Old Dragon's Head beginning of the Great Wall
  • Shanhaiguan, at the Old Dragon's Head, the wall juts out into the sea.^ ShanHaiGuan Great Wall, near BeiDaiHe, where the Great Wall meets the sea .
    • The Great Wall of China. Great Wall history. Great Wall map (300 photos) 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.kinabaloo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This section is known as the Old Dragon's Head because it is the easternmost end of the Great Wall.
    • Beijing tour, Beijing travel, Beijing Great Wall, the Great Wall in Beijing , Great Wall tour, 长城 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.chinaodysseytours.com [Source type: General]

    ^ September 20, 2000, on the "Old Dragon Head" which plunges into the Bohai Sea.
    • Student Traveler - The Great Walk: Hiking the Great Wall of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.studenttraveler.com [Source type: General]

    To get there from Beijing takes about 3 hours by train.
  • Panjiakou Reservoir - sunken part of the Great Wall
  • Huangyaguan - worth a visit for its water run-off controls, well-preserved towers, challenging hiking and striking scenery

Liaoning

  • Hushan - can be explored from Dandong
  • Xingcheng - a Ming dynasty walled town
  • Jiumenkou - located 18 km east of "The First Pass Under Heaven' at Shanhaiguan

Shanxi

  • The Outer Wall of Shanxi - Li'erkou to Deshengbu, Juqiangbu to Laoniuwan, and along the Yellow River
  • The Inner Wall of Shanxi - Yanmenguan, Guangwu Old City, Ningwu Pass and Niangziguan

Shaanxi

  • Yulin and Shenmu - garrison towns in the time of the Ming dynasty

Ningxia

  • The Eastern Ningxia Wall - Hongshan Castle and Water Cave Gully (Shui Dong Gou)
  • The Northern Ningxia Wall - in the area of Hulanshan
  • The Western Ningxia Wall - Zhenbeibu and Sanguankou

Gansu

  • Minqin - oasis town
  • Jiayuguan - Fort at Jiayu Pass, nicknamed "Last Fort Under Heaven"
  • Lanzhou - former walled town that now is capital of Gansu Province

Stay safe

.Bring a jacket against the wind or cold in the chillier seasons - In the summer you will need lots of water, but there are plenty of vendors at the most visited sections!^ There are few restored sections, usually where tourists visit most.
  • great wall of china restoration project - WorldEndeavors.com 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.worldendeavors.com [Source type: News]

^ Dressed in a winter jacket against a biting wind, Obama led a knot of people for a half-hour jaunt up the crenelated wall toward a watchtower, a restored section originally built 500 years ago.
  • FOXNews.com - 'It's Magical': Obama Tours China's Great Wall 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.foxnews.com [Source type: News]

^ The Culture Shock Rating lets you know how much "difference" you can expect from the experience - whether there's any familiar food available, if you'll need to adapt a little or a lot to the surroundings and the kind of home comforts (if any) you can expect.
  • Walking the Great Wall of China/Small Group - Beijing, China Hiking & Trekking 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC realadventures.com [Source type: General]

.Hiking as a recreational sport is not well understood yet in China so the etiquette of crossing state and private land has not yet been established.^ They controlled the lands of Manchuria and Mongolia to the north as well as China to the south.
  • Great Wall of China - encyclopedia article - Citizendium 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC en.citizendium.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This hiking tour will take you along the Great Wall from Beijing to the China Sea, as well as through some of China's most important historic sites.
  • Hiking in China -- China Hiking Adventure Inc. -- Hiking and Cultural Tours of China 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC tibet-hiking.com [Source type: News]

^ Qin Shi Huang conquered all opposing states and unified China in 221 B.C., establishing the Qin Dynasty.
  • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Remember that the Wall is mostly mud and poorly supported stones, and that you are on your own if you're outside the maintained areas.^ You got so much of the wall in your shot.
  • The Great Wall of China on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most interesting thing is that you can learn to make dumplings on your own if you like and I will be a very interesting experience for you.
  • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And keep one yourself, so you all can stop and relax and write your thoughts while they're fresh.
  • China Travel, Touring around China, Great Wall of China, History, travel infomraition, travelers tips  maps of china  culture, art,  photo images. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.nelsonideas.com [Source type: General]

.Even if you are not walking on the wall, you will find few trails to follow and at some parts, the area the Wall traverses are vertical, treacherous and very unsafe.^ This part of the Wall receives very few tourists, especially Western tourists.
  • Treasures of China - Hike the Great Wall, cycle Beijing and discover the Terra Cotta Warriors - Adventure Travel Trips from REI Adventures 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.rei.com [Source type: General]

^ Some part of the Wall is in ruin and we'll be hiking the trail on top of it.
  • Great Wall Hiking Tour -- Operated by China Hiking Adventures Inc. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC china-hiking.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I wonder if some even understand dof for a landscape since, according to your profile, you don't even have a camera that let's you control dof!
  • The Great Wall of China on Flickr - Photo Sharing! 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.flickr.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Besides that, it is difficult to obtain clean drinking water and some areas may even have no water at all.^ No particular plans today, although adventurous souls may wish to explore the city further and do some more shopping.
  • Great Wall Marathon, Half Marathon, & 10K, China - May 2010 "China + Tibet" Itinerary 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.kathyloperevents.com [Source type: General]

^ Alkaline drinks may be substituted for part of your water ration.
  • Great Wall of China, Great Wall Tour, Travel to Badaling, Mutianyu, Jinshanling and Simatai 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC lycheetravel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Great Wall of China, Great Wall Tour, Travel to Badaling, Mutianyu, Jinshanling and Simatai 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.lycheetravel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Even more amazing, there are no touts selling knickknacks and there is no admission fee (though it's possible that unscrupulous villagers may try to collect one).
  • Beijing : Side Trips : The Great Wall | Frommers.com 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.frommers.com [Source type: General]

Other areas will have manmade obstacles, like roads and motorways that have solid fencing. .Villages where you could get supplies may be few and far between.^ Therefore, although gene flow between the two sides of the Great Wall or path could be aided by the wind, as indicated by cluster analysis, the individuals at one side may be the progeny of a few clones.
  • Heredity - The Great Wall of China: a physical barrier to gene flow? 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.nature.com [Source type: Academic]

^ May Usually sunny (though you could encounter occasional rains).
  • Great Wall - tips by travel authority Howard Hillman 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.hillmanwonders.com [Source type: News]

^ Sure – you could skip the cable car – but you would expend all of your energy and a few hours getting to the wall by foot.
  • Trekking the Great Wall of China | Ottsworld 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.ottsworld.com [Source type: General]

.Some may take you miles away from the Wall.^ He may have some work for you."
  • Folktales from China 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.pitt.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It is approximately 8 miles from Jinshaling to Simatai via the Great Wall – but it will take anywhere from 4 to 7 hours to complete it depending on your fitness, and your knees!
  • Trekking the Great Wall of China | Ottsworld 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.ottsworld.com [Source type: General]

^ THE RACE You'll run 7 km on the Great Wall itself, taking in some 3.5km near the start and again near the finish - while negotiating the giant steps of The Wall at the start is tough enough, trying to negotiate them near the finish on tired legs is something else altogether!
  • Great Wall of China Marathon & Half Marathon - 2:09 Events 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.209events.com [Source type: General]

.Poor cartography is still a problem here since maps of less than 1:450,000 are not easy to get a hold of due to the military applications of such maps.^ Nico Hines It is still not visible from space, but scientists have discovered that the Great Wall of China is about 1,000 miles longer than previously thought.
  • China finds another 1,000 miles of the Great Wall - Times Online 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ It was originally founded in 326 AD, and has since been rebuilt no less than sixteen times since then.
  • See the Wonders of China .... 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC wondersofchina.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Therefore, the plant individuals from two subpopulations were collected at the control site in such a way that they were either at least 5.8 m apart, such as V. negundo and C. caespitosa , or less than 5.8 m apart since no individual could be found at the 'standard' distance.
  • Heredity - The Great Wall of China: a physical barrier to gene flow? 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.nature.com [Source type: Academic]

.Besides that, guides who know the areas along the Great Wall are few and far between.^ The Great Wall can be physically demanding, but knowing a few things can help....
  • Great Wall- Beijing, China - VirtualTourist.com 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ Today, people from all over the world visit to walk on the Great Wall of China, stand on a watchtower and view the wall, winding as far as the eye can see, over the horizon.
  • The Great Wall of China | On the Go Tours | New Seven Wonder of the World | China | China Holiday 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.onthegotours.com [Source type: General]

^ Great Wall of China The Great Wall of China is the world's longest man-made structure, stretching approximately 1,500 miles (2,400 km) along China's northern and northwestern borders.
  • Great Wall of China - Article of the Day - English - The Free Dictionary Language Forums 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC forum.thefreedictionary.com [Source type: General]

Do not leave any trace of your visit. .If the wall should be damaged by your actions, the authorities may very well take action with fines and other punishments.^ Although you may not travel up and down the country, this Great Wall of China holiday will offer a very versatile view of China and it will include several modern, cultural cities, activities in nature as well as peaceful downtime spend on the veranda of your hotel by the river.

^ The wall originally functioned as the barrier preventing from attacking by nomadic tribes in north China, and it worked very well in a long time.
  • Walking the Great Wall of China/Small Group - Beijing, China Hiking & Trekking 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC realadventures.com [Source type: General]

^ It is approximately 8 miles from Jinshaling to Simatai via the Great Wall – but it will take anywhere from 4 to 7 hours to complete it depending on your fitness, and your knees!
  • Trekking the Great Wall of China | Ottsworld 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.ottsworld.com [Source type: General]

.The last item to think about regarding hiking the Great Wall is that China has no system of mountain/wilderness rescue personnel.^ Okay great wall China is 3203.
  • Great Wall of China video and audio on brought to you by Boston.com 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC multimedia.boston.com [Source type: News]

^ Great Wall of China (2006) .
  • Great Wall of China | Board Game | BoardGameGeek 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.boardgamegeek.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fortified wall passing through mountains, Great Wall Of China, China .
  • Great wall Stock Photo Images. 2910 Great wall royalty free pictures and photos available to download from over 100 stock photography brands. 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]
  • Great wall china Stock Photo Images. 1970 Great wall china royalty free pictures and photos available to download from over 100 stock photography brands. 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.You will be on your own should something happen to you.^ That should tell you something...
  • Hover Crafts: China's Great Wall said to be readying whole lineup of like-badged crossovers — Autoblog 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.autoblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Click here for the Quote Request Form If you'd like to book this itinerary,click here for the Booking Form Build your own trip using China tours Sitemap .

^ Write your own description and share what you know with other travelers.
  • The Great Wall - China - Reviews of The Great Wall - TripAdvisor 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.tripadvisor.com [Source type: General]

Scams - Beware of bus scams that may ruin your day. .Also try to avoid organized tours to the Great Wall costing 100-150 Yuan.^ China Great Wall tours ...
  • Great Wall of China, Great Wall Tour, Travel to Badaling, Mutianyu, Jinshanling and Simatai 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC lycheetravel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Great Wall of China, Great Wall Tour, Travel to Badaling, Mutianyu, Jinshanling and Simatai 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.lycheetravel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For exploration of Great Wall , check out 49 tours ...
  • Great Wall Travel Guide - Chinese Culture | YesChinaTour.com - Best China Travel Guide 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC yeschinatour.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Great Wall: A Virtual Tour Outstanding pictures, map and overviews of different sections of the Great Wall .

.These are advertised by people handing out flyers around the Forbidden City in Beijing [1] for example (the real bus service to the Great Wall only costs 20 Yuan!^ Beijing pictures of the Great Wall of China.
  • Beijing: Pictures of Beijing China, Famous For Great Wall; Tiananmen Square Beijing 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC beifan.com [Source type: General]

^ Gate to Forbidden City in Beijing picture.
  • Beijing: Pictures of Beijing China, Famous For Great Wall; Tiananmen Square Beijing 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC beifan.com [Source type: General]

^ They were out in mass on the Great Wall.
  • Trekking the Great Wall of China | Ottsworld 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.ottsworld.com [Source type: General]

). .Also, the driver might just stop and set you off before your destination.^ You'll be awakened from your slumber before arriving in Xi'an (if you prefer not to travel by train, there are several daily flights to Xi'an).

^ And keep one yourself, so you all can stop and relax and write your thoughts while they're fresh.
  • China Travel, Touring around China, Great Wall of China, History, travel infomraition, travelers tips  maps of china  culture, art,  photo images. 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.nelsonideas.com [Source type: General]

^ A driver will pick you up at your hotel around 7:30 in the morning.

This is a usable article. .It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels.^ Nearby are Hard Rock Cafe plus some western restaurants at Lufthansa center plus Annie´s pizza as well of course local ones.
  • The Great Wall Sheraton Hotel (Beijing, China) - Hotel Reviews - TripAdvisor 23 September 2009 7:07 UTC www.tripadvisor.com [Source type: General]

An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Proper noun

Singular
Great Wall of China
Plural
-
  1. An ancient Chinese fortification, almost 4,000 miles long, originally designed to protect China from the Mongols.

Translations


Simple English

[[File:|thumb|right|220px|A picture of the Great Wall of China.]] [[File:|thumb|right|220px|The Great Wall of China, in Shanhaiguan.]]

File:Ruins of the guard
Ruins of a watchtower on the Great Wall

The Great Wall of China is a very old stone wall in China which was built to protect the north of the empire of China from enemy attacks. It is the longest structure humans have ever built: stretching approximately 6400 kilometres long. The wall begins at Shanhai Pass and ends in Lop Nur.

The Great Wall stands 5 people wide and 20 people high.

Several walls, referred to as the Great Wall of China, have been built. The first was built in the 5th century BC. The most famous wall was built between 220–200 BC by the first Emperor of Imperial China, Qin Shi Huang. Little of this wall remains. It was much farther north than the current wall. The current wall was built during the Ming Dynasty.[1]

Contents

History

The First Emperor of China started the Qin Dynasty. The Xiongnu tribes in the north of China (who are also called the Huns) were his enemies. Because the land in some parts of China is easy to cross, Qin Shi Huang began building the Great Wall to make it more difficult for the Xiongnu to invade China.

Other dynasties in China worked more on the wall and made it longer. The Han, Sui, Northern and Jin Dynasties all repaired, rebuilt or expanded the Great Wall. During the Ming Dynasty, major reconstruction work took place, where sections of the Wall were built with bricks and stone instead of earth.

Construction and Reconstruction of the Great Wall

Builders used materials nearby so some parts of the wall were made out of mud, straw, and twigs. Thousands of workers lost their lives from giant falling stones, exhaustion, disease, animal attacks, and starvation.The workers who lost their lives were buried in the Great Wall.There is an old Chinese saying, “Each stone on the wall represents a life lost in the Great Wall of China’s construction.” although it is not recorded in history[needs proof]

Visibility from space

Rumours about astronauts being able to see the Great Wall from the moon are untrue.>[2] While the Great Wall has shown up in radar images taken from space, scientists are not sure whether it would be possible for astronauts to see the wall with a naked eye.[3] One astronaut who spoke about not being able to see the moon from space was Neil Armstrong who said:
I do not believe that, at least with my eyes, there would be any man-made object that I could see. I have not yet found somebody who has told me they've seen the Wall of China from Earth orbit. ...I've asked various people, particularly Shuttle guys, that have been many orbits around China in the daytime, and the ones I've talked to didn't see it.[4]
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References

Other websites

Great Wall of China


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 13, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Great Wall of China, which are similar to those in the above article.








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