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The bust of Zeus found at Otricoli (Sala Rotonda, Museo Pio-Clementino, Vatican)
Plaque with figures from the religious rituals of the Eleusinian Mysteries - Musée archéologique national, Athènes
.Greek mythology is the body of myths and legends belonging to the ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.^ HERO f Greek Mythology Derived from Greek heros meaning "hero".
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Procrustes In ancient Greek legends, Procrustes was a robber.
  • Greek mythology N-Z - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Nereus In Greek mythology, Nereus was a sea god.
  • Greek mythology N-Z - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

.They were a part of religion in ancient Greece.^ Even if there was a war between the city-states of Greece they were stopping the war to take part on that games .
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY - THE PRINCIPAL GODS of GREEK MYTHOLOGY. 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.apodimos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then they create a "Travel to Ancient Greece" display to present their findings."
  • WEB SITES ON GREEK MYTHOLOGY 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cumbavac.org [Source type: General]

^ Then they create a "Travel to Ancient Greece" display to present their findings.
  • Greek & Roman Mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.mrtschool.com [Source type: General]

.Modern scholars refer to the myths and study them in an attempt to throw light on the religious and political institutions of Ancient Greece, its civilization, and to gain understanding of the nature of myth-making itself.^ Modern scholars referred to the myths and studied them in an attempt to throw light on the religious and political institutions of ancient Greece and, in general, on the ancient Greek civilization.

^ Modern scholars refer to the myths and study them in an attempt to throw light on the religious and political institutions of Ancient Greece and on the Ancient Greek civilization, and to gain understanding of the nature of myth-making itself.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Balls of Fury Similarity and Archetype in Changing Woman and the Hero Twins The Navajo tale "Changing Woman and the Hero Twins" is a pristine example of archetype in ancient, and not so ancient, mythology, placing itself among a rich history of similar myths and folklore from around the globe, both secular and religious.

[1]
.Greek mythology is embodied explicitly in a large collection of narratives and implicitly in representational arts, such as vase-paintings and votive gifts.^ Greek mythology clip art and illustrations .
  • Greek mythology Clipart EPS Images. 59 Greek mythology clip art vector illustrations available to search from over 15 royalty free illustration publishers. 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.fotosearch.com [Source type: General]

^ Greek mythology is embodied explicitly in a large collection of narratives and implicitly in representational arts, such as vase-paintings and votive gifts .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Norse Greek and Roman Mythology at the Met In specific concern to Greek and Roman mythology, there were all sorts of paintings, statues, vases, sculptures, and other forms of art, contained in specific "rooms" or portions of the museum dedicated to ancient Greece and Rome.

.Greek myth explains the origins of the world and details the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, heroines, and other mythological creatures.^ The Encyclopedia has a detailed list of the gods, goddesses, monsters and heroes.
  • Greek & Roman Mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.mrtschool.com [Source type: General]

^ Greek myth explains the origins of the world and details the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, heroines , and other mythological creatures .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Greek myths legends Greek goddess Name of greek gods Greek mythology cre...
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These accounts initially were disseminated in an oral-poetic tradition; today the Greek myths are known primarily from Greek literature.^ These accounts were initially fashioned and disseminated in an oral-poetic tradition; the Greek myths are known today primarily from Greek literature.

^ These accounts were initially disseminated in an oral-poetic tradition ; the Greek myths are known today primarily from Greek literature .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What meanings do the Greek myths have for us today?
  • EDSITEment - Lesson Plan 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC edsitement.neh.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The oldest known Greek literary sources, the epic poems Iliad and Odyssey, focus on events surrounding the Trojan War.^ The oldest known Greek literary sources, the epic poems Iliad and Odyssey , focus on events surrounding the Trojan War .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Homer, Iliad and Odyssey , Greek epic poet 8 th c.
  • Diotima 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The oldest known literary sources, the epic poems Iliad and Odyssey , focus on events surrounding the Trojan War .

.Two poems by Homer's near contemporary Hesiod, the Theogony and the Works and Days, contain accounts of the genesis of the world, the succession of divine rulers, the succession of human ages, the origin of human woes, and the origin of sacrificial practices.^ Two poems by Homer 's near contemporary Hesiod, the Theogony and the Works and Days , contain accounts of the genesis of the world, the succession of divine rulers, the succession of human ages, the origin of human woes, and the origin of sacrificial practices.

^ Two poems by trisha 's near contemporary Hesiod , the Theogony and the Works and Days , contain accounts of the genesis of the world, the succession of divine rulers, the succession of human ages, the origin of human woes, and the origin of sacrificial practices.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The fact is that Greek myths contain unrealistic and unbelievable characters, events, and other elements, but upon comparison of Greek mythology stories with different Biblical accounts, it is apparent that some parallels between the two do exist, and that the Ancient Greeks view of the events of the early world are very similar to the views of both ancient and contemporary Christians.
  • the bible and greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

.Myths also are preserved in the Homeric Hymns, in fragments of epic poems of the Epic Cycle, in lyric poems, in the works of the tragedians of the fifth century BC, in writings of scholars and poets of the Hellenistic Age and in texts from the time of the Roman Empire by writers such as Plutarch and Pausanias.^ Myths are also preserved in the Homeric Hymns , in fragments of epic poems of the Epic Cycle , in lyric poems , in the works of the tragedians of the 5th century BC, in writings of scholars and poets of the Hellenistic Age and in writers of the time of the Roman Empire , for example, Plutarch and Pausanias .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Myths are also preserved in the Homeric hymns, in fragments of epic poems of the Epic Cycle, in lyric poems, in the works of the tragedians of the 5th century BC, in writings of scholars and poets of the Hellenistic Age and in writers of the time of the Roman Empire, for example, Plutarch and Pausanias.

^ Classical Myth: The Ancient Sources This site is designed to draw together the ancient texts and images available on the Web concerning the major figures of Greek and Roman mythology.
  • Mythology - Ancient Greek Gods and Myths. 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.ancientgreece.com [Source type: Original source]

.Archaeological findings provide a principal source of detail about Greek mythology, with gods and heroes featured prominently in the decoration of many artifacts.^ HERO f Greek Mythology Derived from Greek heros meaning "hero".
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sources of Greek mythology .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nereus In Greek mythology, Nereus was a sea god.
  • Greek mythology N-Z - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

.Geometric designs on pottery of the eighth century BC depict scenes from the Trojan cycle as well as the adventures of Heracles.^ Greek mythology was also depicted in artifacts; Geometric designs on pottery of the 8th century BC depict scenes from the Trojan cycle, as well as the adventures of Heracles .

^ Geometric designs on pottery of the 8th century BC depict scenes from the Trojan cycle, as well as the adventures of Heracles.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Geometric designs on pottery of the 8th century BCE depict scenes from the Trojan cycle as well as the adventures of Heracles .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the succeeding Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic periods, Homeric and various other mythological scenes appear, supplementing the existing literary evidence.^ In the succeeding Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic periods, Homeric and various other mythological scenes appear to supplement the existing literary evidence.

^ Three classic collections of myths - Theogony by the poet Hesiod and the Iliad and the Odyssey by the poet Homer - appeared at about that time.

^ Polenth's Weyr is a collection of information about both literary and mythological dragons as well as links to other dragon afficianados on the web.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2]
.Greek mythology has exerted an extensive influence on the culture, the arts, and the literature of Western civilization and remains part of Western heritage and language.^ Motifs in western art and literature .

^ Greeks regarded mythology as a part of their history.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Art Gallery Renaissance & later artists influenced by Greek Mythology .
  • Ancient Greek Mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC greekmyth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Poets and artists from ancient times to the present have derived inspiration from Greek mythology and have discovered contemporary significance and relevance in these mythological themes.^ HERO f Greek Mythology Derived from Greek heros meaning "hero".
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Poets and artists from ancient times to the present have derived inspiration from Greek mythology and have discovered contemporary significance and relevance in classical mythological themes.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has been a part of the educational fabric from childhood, while poets and artists from ancient times to the present have derived inspiration from Greek mythology and have discovered contemporary significance and relevance in classical mythological themes.

[3]

Contents

Sources of Greek mythology

.Greek mythology is known today primarily from Greek literature and representations on visual media dating from the Geometric period dating from c.^ Greek mythology is known today primarily from Greek literature and representations on visual media dating from the Geometric period (c.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Achilles Greek mythology in literature.
  • Atlas in Greek Mythology: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ As Greek civilization developed, particularly during the Hellenistic period, which began about 323 BC, the mythology also changed.

900-800 BC onward.[4]
Prometheus (1868 by Gustave Moreau). The myth of Prometheus first was attested by Hesiod and then constituted the basis for a tragic trilogy of plays, possibly by Aeschylus, consisting of Prometheus Bound, Prometheus Unbound, and Prometheus Pyrphoros

Literary sources

.Mythical narration plays an important role in nearly every genre of Greek literature.^ Mythical narration plays an important role in nearly every genre of Greek literature.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact, the first edition of the very first tabletop role-playing game (RPG), Dungeons & Dragons, published a “Deities and Demigods” book which introduced the Greek pantheon to the game.
  • Arete – Rules-light. Fun-heavy. Expy Games from DungeonMastering.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC games.dungeonmastering.com [Source type: General]

^ Sophocles’ "Antigone" / Role Of The Chorus : A 5 page paper on the role of the Chorus in this ancient Greek play by Sophocles.
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nevertheless, the only general mythographical handbook to survive from Greek antiquity was the Library of Pseudo-Apollodorus, which attempts to reconcile the contradictory tales of the poets and provides a grand summary of traditional Greek mythology and heroic legends.^ HERO f Greek Mythology Derived from Greek heros meaning "hero".
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Handbook of the religion and mythology of the Greeks .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Parthenius, Greek poet/mythographer, 1 st c.
  • Diotima 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

[5] Apollodorus lived from c. .180-120 BC and wrote on many of these topics, however the "Library" discusses events that occurred long after his death, hence the name Pseudo-Apollodorus.^ Pseudo-Apollodorus 1.8.3 After the death of Meleager, Althaea and Cleopatra hanged themselves, and the women who mourned the dead man were turned into birds.
  • Diotima 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I think many of these ancient accounts are re-tellings of the same events and people and if we are looking for the truth of the past, we should not focus on just one source.
  • the bible and greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ATHANASIOS ( Αθανάσιος ): Greek name composed of the elements a "not" and thanatos "death," hence "immortal."
  • 20000-NAMES.COM: Male Greek Names, Page 1 of 5--meaning, origin, etymology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.20000-names.com [Source type: Original source]

Perhaps, his writings formed the basis of the collection.
.Among the earliest literary sources are Homer's two epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey.^ One of these was Homer, who wrote the epic poems the 'Iliad' and the 'Odyssey'.

^ Homer, Iliad and Odyssey , Greek epic poet 8 th c.
  • Diotima 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Among the literary sources first in age are Homer 's two epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other poets completed the "epic cycle", but these later and lesser poems now are lost almost entirely.^ Other poets completed the "epic cycle", but these later and lesser poems are now almost entirely lost.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of these was Homer, who wrote the epic poems the 'Iliad' and the 'Odyssey'.

^ These were the 12 major gods, but there were other lesser gods whom the Greeks worshiped.

.Despite their traditional name, the Homeric Hymns have no connection with Homer.^ Despite their traditional name, the Homeric Hymns have no connection with Homer.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They are choral hymns from the earlier part of the so-called Lyric age.^ They are choral hymns from the earlier part of the so-called Lyric age .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At their ages I skip over some parts; but once they get older I'll have them read the whole things.

[6] .Hesiod, a possible contemporary with Homer, offers in his Theogony (Origin of the Gods) the fullest account of the earliest Greek myths, dealing with the creation of the world; the origin of the gods, Titans, and Giants; as well as elaborate genealogies, folktales, and etiological myths.^ Hesiod's Theogony tells of creation and of the gods' origins and relationships.
  • Greek Mythology - Myth Encyclopedia - god, story, legend, names, ancient, tree, war, world, Roman, creation, life, hero, king, people, trojan, children, culture, fire, monster, warrior, strength 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.mythencyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A short quiz dealing with the original Greek Gods and Goddesses and their world around them.
  • Greek Myth Quizzes and Greek Myth Trivia -- Fun Trivia 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.funtrivia.com [Source type: General]

^ Hesiod , a possible contemporary with Homer, offers in Theogony ( Origin of the Gods ) the fullest account of the earliest Greek myths, dealing with the creation of the world; the origin of the gods, Titans and Giants ; elaborate genealogies and folktales and etiological myths.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hesiod's Works and Days, a didactic poem about farming life, also includes the myths of Prometheus, Pandora, and the Four Ages.^ Hesiod's Works and Days , a didactic poem about farming life, also includes the myths of Prometheus , Pandora and the Four Ages .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Greeks of the Classical age knew of several poems about the war between the gods and many of the Titans.

^ According to the poet Hesiod, the world had seen four ages and four races of human beings before his time.
  • Greek Mythology - Myth Encyclopedia - god, story, legend, names, ancient, tree, war, world, Roman, creation, life, hero, king, people, trojan, children, culture, fire, monster, warrior, strength 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.mythencyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.The poet gives advice on the best way to succeed in a dangerous world, rendered yet more dangerous by its gods.^ The poet gives advice on the best way to succeed in a dangerous world rendered yet more dangerous by its gods.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In this way God could be sure that the world would be repopulated.
  • the bible and greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He gives you one more upgrade than Athena and has a better God Power.
  • GameFAQs: Age of Mythology (PC) Greek/Hades FAQ by elbac 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.gamefaqs.com [Source type: General]

[2]
.Lyrical poets sometimes take their subjects from myth, but their treatment becomes gradually less narrative and more allusive.^ Lyrical poets sometimes take their subjects from myth, but the treatment becomes gradually less narrative and more allusive.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If this view is accepted, the epic poets followed the same line as the choric lyric and the tragic poets, who took over and utilized the old store of myths, remodeling them, sometimes profoundly.
  • Mycenaean Origin of Greek Mythology: Chapter I. How Old is Greek Mythology? 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are additional proofs also, elements inherent in certain myths which are of Mycenaean origin, but as these are less frequent and sometimes doubtful, they must be discussed separately.
  • Mycenaean Origin of Greek Mythology: Chapter I. How Old is Greek Mythology? 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

.Greek lyric poets including Pindar, Bacchylides, Simonides and bucolic poets such as Theocritus and Bion, relate individual mythological incidents.^ Greek lyric poets, including Pindar , Bacchylides , Simonides , and bucolic poets, such as Theocritus and Bion , provide individual mythological incidents.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Through the medium of Latin and the works of Ovid, Greek myth influenced medieval and Renaissance poets such as Petrarch , Boccaccio and Dante in Italy.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Poets and artists from ancient times to the present have derived inspiration from Greek mythology and have discovered contemporary significance and relevance in classical mythological themes.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7] .Additionally, myth was central to classical Athenian drama.^ Additionally, myth was central to classical Athenian drama .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The tragic playwrights Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides took most of their plots from myths of the age of heroes and the Trojan War.^ The tragic playwrights Aeschylus , Sophocles and Euripides took their plots from the age of heroes and the Trojan War.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He is the hero of plays by Sophocles, Euripides, and Seneca.
  • MOTHER GODDESS 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC deoxy.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Antigone In ancient Greece, Antigone is mostly related to the myth that was told by the Ancient Greek playwright Sophocles, although there is reference to a different Antigone in the ancient Greek World.
  • Mythology - Ancient Greek Gods and Myths. 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.ancientgreece.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many of the great tragic stories (e.g.^ Many of the great tragic stories (i.e.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Agamemnon and his children, Oedipus, Jason, Medea, etc.^ Agamemnon and his children, Oedipus , Jason , Medea etc.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Jason later married Creusa , daughter of the king of Corinth , Medea killed his bride with the gift of a poisoned garment, and then killed her own two children by Jason.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This paper contends that it was not only the behavior of Jason that led Medea towards the pursuit of power, but also the determinations made by society that led her to murder her children, among others.
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

) took on their classic form in these tragedies. .The comic playwright Aristophanes also used myths, in The Birds and The Frogs.^ For his part, the comic playwright Aristophanes used myths, as in The Birds or The Frogs .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8]
The Roman poet Virgil, here depicted in the fifth century manuscript, the Vergilius Romanus, preserved details of Greek mythology in many of his writings
.Historians Herodotus and Diodorus Siculus, and geographers Pausanias and Strabo, who traveled throughout the Greek world and noted the stories they heard, supplied numerous local myths and legends, often giving little-known alternative versions.^ These plants have been surrounded by numerous myths and legends throughout history.

^ Includes the story of each legend or myth and a quiz.
  • Greek & Roman Mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.mrtschool.com [Source type: General]
  • WEB SITES ON GREEK MYTHOLOGY 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cumbavac.org [Source type: General]

^ The Greek myths were not composed as stories for children.
  • EDSITEment - Lesson Plan 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC edsitement.neh.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7] .Herodotus in particular, searched the various traditions presented him and found the historical or mythological roots in the confrontation between Greece and the East.^ Herodotus in particular, searched the various traditions presented him and found the historical or mythological roots in the confrontation between Greece and the East.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rather, myths are traditional narratives that are passed down through various textual and visual sources and convey commonly held beliefs in a particular society about natural phenomena, historical events, and proper behavior.
  • EDSITEment - Lesson Plan 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC edsitement.neh.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Donavon Marais of the University of South Africa presents his paper on The Cain Myth: a discussion of its historical roots and an interpretation .
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9] Herodotus attempted to reconcile origins and the blending of differing cultural concepts.
.The poetry of the Hellenistic and Roman ages, although composed as a literary rather than cultic exercise, nevertheless contains many important details that would otherwise be lost.^ The poetry of the Hellenistic and Roman ages, which although composed as a literary rather than cultic exercise, nevertheless contains many important details that would otherwise be lost.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He details works of art, music & literature inspired by the Nights, as well as providing a history of the Nights and of many of the characters contained therin.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The various galleries linked to by the icons above show many examples of His Realistic Art, and are grouped by theme rather than media.
  • Greek Myths and Legends; Paintings of World Mythology; Classical, Greek, Roman,Celtic, Norse (Viking)  & Asian Mythology Illustrations by H D Johnson 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.howarddavidjohnson.com [Source type: General]

This category includes the works of:
  1. The Roman poets Ovid, Statius, Valerius Flaccus, Seneca, and Virgil with Servius's commentary.
  2. The Greek poets of the Late Antique period: Nonnus, Antoninus Liberalis, and Quintus Smyrnaeus.
  3. The Greek poets of the Hellenistic period: Apollonius of Rhodes, Callimachus, Pseudo-Eratosthenes, and Parthenius.
  4. The ancient novels of Greeks and Romans such as Apuleius, Petronius, Lollianus, and Heliodorus.
Achilles killing a Trojan prisoner in front of Charun on a red-figure Etruscan calyx-krater, made toward the end of the fourth century-beginning of the third century BC
.The Fabulae and Astronomica of the Roman writer styled as Pseudo-Hyginus are two important, non-poetical compendiums of myth.^ The Fabulae and Astronomica of the Roman writer styled Pseudo-Hyginus are two important, non-poetical compendiums of myth.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fabulae and the Poetica Astronomica were written by Hyginus.

.The Imagines of Philostratus the Elder and Younger and the Descriptions of Callistratus, are two other useful sources that were drawn upon for themes.^ No other sources used.
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Imagines of Philostratus the Elder and Younger and the Descriptions of Callistratus, are two other useful sources.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Performance Indicator : Know and use a variety of sources for developing and conveying ideas, images, themes, symbols, and events in their creation of art.
  • Title: Greek Mythology -- Author(s): Tara Truett, Meg Rose -- Grade Level: 6th -- Subject Matter: Reading -- Synopsis: Students will read various myths and investigate role of mythology in Greek Life. 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.connected-learning.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Finally, Arnobius and a number of Byzantine Greek writers provide important details of myth, some of it derived from lost Greek works.^ Finally, the Christian apologist Arnobius , quoting cult practices in order to disparage them, and a number of Byzantine Greek writers provide important details of myth, some of it sourced from lost Greek works.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Detailed information on Greek myths.
  • Greek & Roman Mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.mrtschool.com [Source type: General]

^ Sure, it makes you think that it’s how Greek myths really are - like some Biblical narrative where everything is essentially working together and rarely out and out contradictory - but the alternative, especially for kids, seems virtually impossible.
  • Paleothea: the Ancient Goddess 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC blog.paleothea.com [Source type: General]

.These preservers of myth include a lexicon of Hesychius, the Suda, and the treatises of John Tzetzes and Eustathius.^ These preservers of myth include Hesychius ' lexicon, the Suda , and the treatises of John Tzetzes and Eustathius .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The writer notes that these stories include myths of the origin of the world, an attempt to understand and interpret the universe and the origin of the world in human terms.
  • Term Papers on greek mythology | greek mythology essays | AcaDemon 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.academon.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Christian moralizing view of Greek myth is encapsulated in the saying, ἐν παντὶ μύθῳ καὶ τὸ Δαιδάλου μύσος / en panti muthōi kai to Daidalou musos ("In every myth there is also the defilement of Daidalos").^ The Christian moralizing view of Greek myth is encapsulated in the saying ἐν παντὶ μύθῳ καὶ τὸ Δαιδάλου μύσος / en panti muthōi kai to Daidalou musos ("In every myth there is also the defilement of Daidalos"), on which subject the encyclopedic Sudas reported of the role of Daedalus in satisfying the "unnatural lust" of Pasiphae for the bull of Poseidon: "Since the origin and blame for these evils were attributed to Daidalos and he was loathed for them, he became the subject of the proverb.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But do not tar every Indian with your brush, there are many who see through the myths.
  • Vedic Mythology - talk.origins | Google Groups 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "One may even go so far as to say the stories in the bible are stories of Greek mythology changed to suit the belief system of new religion; Christianity."
  • the bible and greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

In this fashion, the encyclopedic Sudas reported the role of Daedalus in satisfying the "unnatural lust" of Pasiphaë for the bull of Poseidon: "Since the origin and blame for these evils were attributed to Daidalos and he was loathed for them, he became the subject of the proverb."[10]

Archaeological sources

.The discovery of the Mycenaean civilization by the German amateur archaeologist, Heinrich Schliemann, in the nineteenth century, and the discovery of the Minoan civilization in Crete by British archaeologist, Sir Arthur Evans, in the twentieth century, helped to explain many existing questions about Homer's epics and provided archaeological evidence for many of the mythological details about gods and heroes.^ The epic question has been unduly limited to the Homeric question.
  • Mycenaean Origin of Greek Mythology: Chapter I. How Old is Greek Mythology? 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The discovery of the Mycenaean civilization by German amateur archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann in the 19th century, and the discovery of the Minoan civilization in Crete by British archaeologist, Sir Arthur Evans in the 20th century, helped to explain many of the questions about Homer's epics and provided archaeological evidence of many of the mythological details about gods and heroes.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Homeric question must be widened so as to be the epic question.
  • Mycenaean Origin of Greek Mythology: Chapter I. How Old is Greek Mythology? 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

.Unfortunately, the evidence about myth and ritual at Mycenaean and Minoan sites is entirely monumental, as the Linear B script (an ancient form of Greek found in both Crete and Greece) was used mainly to record inventories, although the names of gods and heroes doubtfully have been revealed.^ Greek myths legends Greek goddess Name of greek gods Greek mythology cre...
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What meanings did myths about gods, goddesses, and heroes have for the ancient Greeks?
  • EDSITEment - Lesson Plan 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC edsitement.neh.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is the solemn name of the Greek god Dionysos used in the Eleusinian mysteries.
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

[2]
.Geometric designs on pottery of the eighth century BC depict scenes from the Trojan cycle, as well as the adventures of Heracles.^ Greek mythology was also depicted in artifacts; Geometric designs on pottery of the 8th century BC depict scenes from the Trojan cycle, as well as the adventures of Heracles .

^ Geometric designs on pottery of the 8th century BC depict scenes from the Trojan cycle, as well as the adventures of Heracles.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Geometric designs on pottery of the 8th century BCE depict scenes from the Trojan cycle as well as the adventures of Heracles .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2] These visual representations of myths are important for two reasons. .For one, many Greek myths are attested on vases earlier than in literary sources: of the twelve labors of Heracles, for example, only the Cerberus adventure occurs in a contemporary literary text.^ These visual representations of myths are important for two reasons; on the one hand, many Greek myths are attested on vases earlier than in literary sources (of the twelve labors of Heracles, only the Cerberus adventure occurs for the first time in a literary text) and, on the other hand, visual sources sometimes represent myths or mythical scenes that are not attested in any extant literary source.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When two or more orthographic variants of a Greek name occur in the ancient texts, only one of them appears here; readers with knowledge of Greek will presumably be able to identify aberrant spellings without much difficulty.
  • GGGM - Greek Mythology Link 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.maicar.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the story of Heracles and the Twelve Labors, the warrior had a great battle with the monster Hydra.

[11] .In addition, visual sources sometimes represent myths or mythical scenes that are not attested in any extant literary source.^ These visual representations of myths are important for two reasons; on the one hand, many Greek myths are attested on vases earlier than in literary sources (of the twelve labors of Heracles, only the Cerberus adventure occurs for the first time in a literary text) and, on the other hand, visual sources sometimes represent myths or mythical scenes that are not attested in any extant literary source.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are additional proofs also, elements inherent in certain myths which are of Mycenaean origin, but as these are less frequent and sometimes doubtful, they must be discussed separately.
  • Mycenaean Origin of Greek Mythology: Chapter I. How Old is Greek Mythology? 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ EARLY GREEK MYTH: A GUIDE TO LITERARY AND ARTISTIC SOURCES. By TIMOTHY GANTZ. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins.
  • GGGM - Greek Mythology Link 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.maicar.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In some cases, the first known representation of a myth in geometric art predates its first known representation in late archaic poetry, by several centuries.^ In some cases, the first known representation of a myth in geometric art predates its first known representation in late archaic poetry by several centuries.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The religion however continued and was popular in the first century, by the second century it is known there was a group of 500 worshippers at Frascati in Italy, and presumably other such groups existed.

^ It is practically certain that Minoan artists worked for the Mycenaean sires; as mythical representations were absent from their art, Mycenaean myths were not depicted although they were related.
  • Mycenaean Origin of Greek Mythology: Chapter I. How Old is Greek Mythology? 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

[4] In the Archaic (c. 750–c. 500 BC), Classical (c. .480–323 BC), and Hellenistic (323–146 BC) periods, Homeric and various other mythological scenes appear, supplementing the existing literary evidence.^ BC), and Hellenistic periods, Homeric and various other mythological scenes appear to supplement the existing literary evidence.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the succeeding Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic periods, Homeric and various other mythological scenes appear to supplement the existing literary evidence.

^ In the succeeding Archaic , Classical and Hellenistic periods, Homeric and various other mythological scenes appear to supplement the existing literary evidence.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2]

Survey of mythic history

Main doctrines
Polytheism · Mythology · Hubris · Orthopraxy · Reciprocity · Virtue
Practices
Deities
Twelve Olympians:
Aphrodite · Apollo · Ares · Artemis · Athena · Demeter · Dionysus · Hades · Hestia · Hera · Hermes · Hephaestus · Poseidon · Zeus
---
Primordial deities:
Aether · Chaos · Cronos · Erebus · Gaia · Hemera · Nyx · Tartarus · Uranus
---
Lesser gods:
Eros · Hebe · Hecate · Helios · Herakles · Iris · Selene · Pan · Nike
Texts
Iliad · Odyssey · Theogony · Works and Days · Bibliotheca · Argonautica
See also:
Decline of Hellenistic polytheism · Hellenic Polytheistic Reconstructionism · Supreme Council of Ethnikoi Hellenes
.Greek mythology has changed over time to accommodate the evolution of their culture, of which mythology, both overtly and in its unspoken assumptions, is an index of the changes.^ The Greeks' mythology has changed over time to accommodate the evolution of their own culture, of which mythology both overtly and in its unspoken assumptions, is an index.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Greeks' construction of mythology changed over time to accommodate the evolution of their own culture.

^ A HOTLIST ON GREEK CULTURE AND MYTHOLOGY NEW! http://www.kn.pacbell.com/wired/fil/pages/listgreekmydi.html Links to sites on Greek culture and myths.
  • WEB SITES ON GREEK MYTHOLOGY 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cumbavac.org [Source type: General]

.In Greek mythology's surviving literary forms, as found mostly at the end of the progressive changes, is inherently political, as Gilbert Cuthbertson has urged.^ In the surviving literary forms in which we have them, they are inherently political, as Gilbert Cuthbertson has urged.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The writer looks at the Greek system of gods and goddesses and concludes that traditional literary mythology reflected an increasing dissociation from actual religious practice.
  • Term papers on ATHENA GREEK MYTHOLOGY, ATHENA GREEK MYTHOLOGY research papers and essays on ATHENA GREEK MYTHOLOGY - AcaDemon - 20090901 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.academon.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Greeks' mythology has changed over time to accommodate the evolution of their own culture, of which mythology both overtly and in its unspoken assumptions, is an index.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12]
.The earlier inhabitants of the Balkan Peninsula were an agricultural people who, using Animism, assigned a spirit to every aspect of nature.^ The earlier inhabitants of the Balkan Peninsula were an agricultural people who assigned a spirit to every aspect of nature.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The earlier inhabitants of the Balkan Peninsula were an agricultural people who assigned an evil spirit to every aspect of nature.

^ Each SPIRIT is the patron of one aspect of the arts who entertained the gods in Olympus by singing, playing, and recitation.
  • Mythology @ FreshCaffeine.com: Greek Archives 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC myths.freshcaffeine.com [Source type: General]

.Eventually, these vague spirits assumed human forms and entered the local mythology as gods.^ Eventually, these vague spirits assumed human shape and entered the local mythology as gods and goddesses.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Ancient Greek Divinity Versus Humanity in Greek Mythology It is quite clear by the tales of the mythological gods that they are beings with faults just like humans, and the ultimate goal of the telling of these faults is to improve human morality.

^ These are female nature SPIRITS especially in the classical mythology of Greece and Rome.
  • Mythology @ FreshCaffeine.com: Greek Archives 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC myths.freshcaffeine.com [Source type: General]

[13] .When tribes from the north of the Balkan Peninsula invaded, they brought with them a new pantheon of gods, based on conquest, force, prowess in battle, and violent heroism.^ When tribes from the north of the Balkan Peninsula invaded, they brought with them a new pantheon of gods, based on conquest, force, prowess in battle, and violent heroism.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They contained the powerful Olympian gods, sea gods, woodland gods, sky gods, underwater gods, half-gods, human heroes, courageous or romantic adventures, betrayals, battles, wanderings, and so on.
  • WEB SITES ON GREEK MYTHOLOGY 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cumbavac.org [Source type: General]

^ Neither Achilles nor Hector was a hero of this caliber, yet they both displayed significant heroism while in battle.
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

.Other older gods of the agricultural world fused with those of the more powerful invaders or else faded into insignificance.^ Other older deities of the agricultural world fused with those of the more powerful invaders or else faded into insignificance.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ His wife was PANDORA , whose curiosity allowed the troubles of the world to be unleashed and her husband to be changed by ZEUS , the king of the gods, into a monkey for his meddling with the domain of the gods.
  • Mythology @ FreshCaffeine.com: Greek Archives 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC myths.freshcaffeine.com [Source type: General]

^ The poet gives advice on the best way to succeed in a dangerous world rendered yet more dangerous by its gods.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14]
.After the middle of the Archaic period, myths about relationships between male gods and male heroes become more and more frequent, indicating the parallel development of pedagogic pederasty (Eros paidikos, παιδικός ἔρως), thought to have been introduced around 630 BC. By the end of the fifth century BC, poets had assigned at least one eromenos, an adolescent boy who was their sexual companion, to every important god except Ares and to many legendary figures.^ After the middle of the Archaic period myths about relationships between male gods and male heroes become more and more frequent, indicating the parallel development of pedagogic pederasty (Eros paidikos, παιδικός ἔρως), thought to have been introduced around 630 BC. By the end of the 5th century BC, poets had assigned at least one eromenos to every important god except Ares and to many legendary figures.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the middle of the Archaic period myths about love relationships between male gods and male heroes become more and more frequent, indicating the parallel development of pedagogic pederasty (Eros paidikos, παιδικός ἔρως), thought to have been introduced around 630 BC. By the end of the 5th century BC, poets had assigned at least one eromenos to every important god except Ares and to many legendary figures.

^ This was one of the sons of the Greek god Ares.
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

[15] .Previously existing myths, such as those of Achilles and Patroclus, also then were cast in a pederastic light.^ Previously existing myths, such as that of Achilles and Patroclus , were also cast in a pederastic light .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Previously existing myths, such as that of Achilles and Patroclus, were also cast in a pederastic light.

^ The marriage of Peleus and Thetis, which yielded Achilles , is another such myth.

[16] .Alexandrian poets at first, then more generally literary mythographers in the early Roman Empire, often readapted stories of Greek mythological characters in this fashion.^ Alexandrian poets at first, then more generally literary mythographers in the early Roman Empire, often adapted stories of characters in Greek myth in ways that did not reflect earlier actual beliefs.

^ As we know, a modern reader cannot acquire a general view of the mythological body just by perusing the ancient poets and mythographers separately.
  • GGGM - Greek Mythology Link 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.maicar.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other classical writers, such as the poet Ovid in his Fasti (Calendar), were strongly influenced by Alexandrian models, and in their works they frequently employed Greek beliefs to fill gaps in the Roman tradition.Gods of the Roman People.
  • Roman Mythology 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.geocities.com [Source type: Original source]

.The achievement of epic poetry was to create story-cycles and, as a result, to develop a new sense of mythological chronology.^ The achievement of epic poetry was to create cycles of stories and as result to develop a sense of mythical chronology.

^ The achievement of epic poetry was to create story-cycles, and as a result to develop a sense of mythological chronology.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Pylian cycle is a late creation referring to the deeds of princes who were very little mythologized, whilst Perseus and Achilles are older and more popular heroes.
  • Mycenaean Origin of Greek Mythology: Chapter I. How Old is Greek Mythology? 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

.Thus Greek mythology unfolds as a phase in the development of the world and of humans.^ Thus Greek mythology unfolds like a phase in the development of the world and of man.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Greek and Roman mythology has special appeal to high school students because in the first place it deals with many fundamental and down to earth concerns that human beings have has about themselves and about the world around them.
  • 83.02.11: Greek and Roman Mythology in the Classroom 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Carrying through to the onset of the Roman Empire, Greek art had many stages of development and much to share with the world.

[17] .While self-contradictions in these stories make an absolute timeline impossible, an approximate chronology may be discerned.^ While self-contradictions in the stories make an absolute timeline impossible, an approximate chronology may be discerned.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Virgil, Aeneid 4.663-70 From yonder sea May his cold Trojan eyes discern the flames That make me ashes!
  • Diotima 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At the same time it should be remembered, that these myths were compiled and written by poets who did not hesitate to make changes in the stories whenever it suited their purposes to do so.
  • 83.02.11: Greek and Roman Mythology in the Classroom 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The resulting mythological "history of the world" may be divided into three or four broader periods:
.
  1. The myths of origin or age of gods (Theogonies, "births of gods"): myths about the origins of the world, the gods, and the human race.
  2. The age when gods and mortals mingled freely: stories of the early interactions between gods, demigods, and mortals.
  3. The age of heroes (heroic age), where divine activity was more limited.^ The mythological history of the world can be divided in 3 or 4 broader periods: The myths of origin or age of gods (Theogonies, "births of gods") : myths about the origins of the world, the gods, and the human race.
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The mythological history of the world can be divided in 3 or 4 broader periods: The myths of origin or age of gods (Theogonies, "births of gods") : stories about the origins of the world, the gods, and the human race.

    ^ The age when gods and mortals mingled freely : stories of the early interactions between gods, demigods , and mortals.
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The last and greatest of the heroic legends is the story of the Trojan War and after (which is regarded by some researchers as a separate fourth period).^ The last and greatest of the heroic legends is the stories of the Trojan War and after (regarded by some researchers as a separate fourth period).
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ HERCULES: GREECES GREATEST HERO http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/Hercules/ Hercules (sometimes called Herakles) was celebrated in songs, stories and art works.
    • WEB SITES ON GREEK MYTHOLOGY 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cumbavac.org [Source type: General]

    ^ This incident started the Trojan War, which lasted for ten years.

    [18]
.While the age of gods often has been of more interest to contemporary students of myth, the Greek authors of the archaic and classical eras had a clear preference for the age of heroes, establishing a chronology and record of human accomplishments after the questions of how the world came into being were explained.^ While the age of gods has often been of more interest to contemporary students of myth, the Greek authors of the archaic and classical eras had a clear preference for the age of heroes.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Greek myths often attempted to explain mysterious elements of the natural world.
  • EDSITEment - Lesson Plan 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC edsitement.neh.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Greek Mythology has often had stories of Gods and heroes to explain natural phenomenon in our world today.
  • WEB SITES ON GREEK MYTHOLOGY 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cumbavac.org [Source type: General]

.For example, the heroic Iliad and Odyssey dwarfed the divine-focused Theogony and Homeric Hymns in both size and popularity.^ For example, the heroic Iliad and Odyssey dwarfed the divine-focused Theogony and Homeric Hymns in both size and popularity.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Gregory Nagy regards "the larger Homeric Hymns as simplex preludes (compared with Theogony ), each of which invokes one god".

^ "After careful examination of Homers Iliad students will create their own version of a hero.
  • WEB SITES ON GREEK MYTHOLOGY 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cumbavac.org [Source type: General]

.Under the influence of Homer the "hero cult" leads to a restructuring in spiritual life, expressed in the separation of the realm of the gods from the realm of the dead (heroes), of the Chthonic from the Olympian.^ Under the influence of Homer the "hero cult" leads to a restructuring in spiritual life, expressed in the separation of the realm of the gods from the realm of the dead (=heroes), of the Olympian from the Chthonic.

^ Under the influence of Homer the "hero cult" leads to a restructuring in spiritual life, expressed in the separation of the realm of the gods from the realm of the dead (heroes), of the Olympian from the Chthonic .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The localizations of cults and heroes must be regarded with a critical eye and must not be used as arguments unless their reliability is tested, for they are often due to the influence of epics.
  • Mycenaean Origin of Greek Mythology: Chapter I. How Old is Greek Mythology? 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

[19] .In the Works and Days, Hesiod makes use of a scheme of Four Ages of Man (or Races): Golden, Silver, Bronze, and Iron.^ In the ancient Greek culture, Woman was designed to make man miserable (Hesiod 4).
  • the bible and greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Metamorphoses Ovid follows Hesiod's concept of the four ages.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Works and Days focuses more on the acts of man, while containing a synopsis of the myth of Prometheus and Pandora and the myth of the five ages of man.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These races or ages are separate creations of the gods, the Golden Age belonging to the reign of Cronus, the subsequent races the creation of Zeus.^ These races or ages are separate creations of the gods, the Golden Age belonging to the reign of Cronus, the subsequent races the creation of Zeus.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The mythological history of the world can be divided in 3 or 4 broader periods: The myths of origin or age of gods (Theogonies, "births of gods") : myths about the origins of the world, the gods, and the human race.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The mythological history of the world can be divided in 3 or 4 broader periods: The myths of origin or age of gods (Theogonies, "births of gods") : stories about the origins of the world, the gods, and the human race.

.Hesiod intercalates the Age (or Race) of Heroes just after the Bronze Age.^ Hesiod intercalates the Age (or Race) of Heroes just after the Bronze Age.

^ Hesiod intercalates the Age (or Race) of Heroes just after the Bronze Age .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the Works and Days , Hesiod makes use of a scheme of Four Ages (or Races): Golden, Silver, Bronze, and Iron.

.The final age was the Iron Age, the contemporary period during which the poet lived.^ The final age was the Iron Age, during which the poet himself lived.

.The poet regards it as the worst; the presence of evil was explained by the myth of Pandora, when all of the best of human capabilities, save hope, had been spilled out of her overturned jar.^ The poet regards it as the worst; the presence of evil was explained by Pandora's myth.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ True in the sense that all of its myths have a ground of meaning, inside which our own life is reflected, and any human life whatever"...
  • Myths and Legends of Ancient Greece and Rome - Page 1 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.ellopos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to Greek Mythology after all the eveil within the box had been releashed, hope for mankind came out of the box.
  • the bible and greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

[20] .In Metamorphoses, Ovid follows Hesiod's concept of the four ages.^ In Metamorphoses Ovid follows Hesiod's concept of the four ages.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the Works and Days , Hesiod makes use of a scheme of Four Ages (or Races): Golden, Silver, Bronze, and Iron.

^ Hesiod's Works and Days , a didactic poem about farming life, also includes the myths of Prometheus , Pandora and the Four Ages .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21]

Age of gods

Cosmogony and cosmology

.
Amor Vincit Omnia (Love Conquers All), a depiction of the god of love, Eros.
^ Amor omnia vincit ( Love Over All ), a depiction of the god of love, Eros.

^ Amor, Cupid(Roman) God of love.
  • Greek Mythology Names 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cyberspacei.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Amor Amor was the Roman god of love.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

By Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, circa 1601–1602
."Myths of origin" or "creation myths" represent an attempt to render the universe comprehensible in human terms and explain the origin of the world.^ "Myths of origin" or "creation myths" represent an attempt to render the universe comprehensible in human terms and explain the origin of the world.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ GREEK MYTHOLOGY AND NATURAL PHENOMENON WEBQUEST NEW! http://clerccenter.gallaudet.edu/TecEds/trainees/Farrah.Nolan/Webquest/ A webquest on the origins of Greek myths in the natural world .
  • WEB SITES ON GREEK MYTHOLOGY 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cumbavac.org [Source type: General]

^ TALES OF THE IMMORTAL NIGHT THE GREEK MYTHS OF THE CONSTELLATIONS NEW! http://www.business-esolutions.com/starmyths/index.htm The Greek myths created to explain the constellations.
  • WEB SITES ON GREEK MYTHOLOGY 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cumbavac.org [Source type: General]

[22] .The most widely accepted version at the time, although a philosophical account of the beginning of things, is reported by Hesiod, in his Theogony.^ The most widely accepted account of beginning of things as reported by Hesiod 's Theogony , starts with Chaos , a yawning nothingness.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most widely accepted account of beginning of things as reported by Hesiod's Theogony , starts with Chaos, a yawning nothingness.

^ Although he was an Olympian, Hades spent most of the time in his own dark realm.

.He begins with Chaos, a yawning nothingness.^ However, unlike Chaos, God is not a void of nothingness, but the beginning of all things.
  • the bible and greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The most widely accepted account of beginning of things as reported by Hesiod 's Theogony , starts with Chaos , a yawning nothingness.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most widely accepted account of beginning of things as reported by Hesiod's Theogony , starts with Chaos, a yawning nothingness.

.Out of the void emerged Eurynome,[citation needed] or Gaia (the Earth) and some other primary divine beings: Eros (Love), the Abyss (the Tartarus), and the Erebus.^ Out of the void emerged Ge or Gaia (the Earth) and some other primary divine beings: Eros (Love), the Abyss (the Tartarus ), and the Erebus .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Out of the void emerged Ge or Gaia (the Earth) and some other primary divine beings: Eros (Love), the Abyss (the Tartarus), and the Erebus.

^ This Chaos was the bearer meaning that he gave birth to of Ge; earth, Tartarus; underworld, Eros; love and sex, Erebus; darkness, and Nyx; night (Tripp 159).
  • the bible and greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

[23] .Without male assistance, Gaia gave birth to Oranos (the Sky) who then fertilized her.^ Without male assistance Gaia gave birth to Uranus (the Sky) who then fertilised her.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC pustakalaya.olenepal.org [Source type: Original source]

^ GAIA was the earth that gave birth to the sky god, OURANOS. This sky god was her son but also her husband as well.
  • Mythology @ FreshCaffeine.com: Greek Archives 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC myths.freshcaffeine.com [Source type: General]

^ The farmer ignored this and as a result all his wives continuously gave birth to these kinds of children who would die soon after birth.
  • Twins in mythology! 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.sfu.ca [Source type: Original source]

.From that union were born first the Titans—six males: Coeus, Crius, Cronus, Hyperion, Iapetus, and Oceanus; and six females: Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Rhea, Theia, Themis, and Tethys.^ From that union were born, first, the Titans : six males and six females ( Oceanus , Coeus and Crius and Hyperion and Iapetus , Theia and Rhea , Themis and Mnemosyne , Phoebe and Tethys , and Cronus ); then the one-eyed Cyclopes and the Hecatonchires or Hundred-Handers.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From that union were born, first, the Titans: six males and six females ( Oceanus, Coeus and Crius and Hyperion and Iapetus, Theia and Rhea, Themis and Mnemosyne, Phoebe and Tethys, and Cronus); then the one-eyed Cyclopes and the Hecatonchires or Hundred-Handers.

^ Oceanus Tethys sea Hyperion Thia Sun Crius Eurybia(Mnemosyne) memory Coeus Phoebe moon Cronus Rhea harvests Iapetus Themis justice; planets .
  • Greek Mythology Names 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cyberspacei.com [Source type: Original source]

After Cronus was born, Gaia and Oranos decreed no more Titans were to be born. .They were followed by the one-eyed Cyclopes and the Hecatonchires or Hundred-Handed Ones.^ They also sired the Cyclopes (the one eyed giants who made thunderbolts) and the 100-handed, 50 headed monsters called Hecatonchires.

^ From that union were born, first, the Titans : six males and six females ( Oceanus , Coeus and Crius and Hyperion and Iapetus , Theia and Rhea , Themis and Mnemosyne , Phoebe and Tethys , and Cronus ); then the one-eyed Cyclopes and the Hecatonchires or Hundred-Handers.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From that union were born, first, the Titans: six males and six females ( Oceanus, Coeus and Crius and Hyperion and Iapetus, Theia and Rhea, Themis and Mnemosyne, Phoebe and Tethys, and Cronus); then the one-eyed Cyclopes and the Hecatonchires or Hundred-Handers.

.Cronus ("the wily, youngest and most terrible of Gaia's children" [23]) castrated his father and became the ruler of the gods with his sister-wife Rhea as his consort, and the other Titans became his court.^ Cronus was the Titan who fathered the Greek gods.
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She was also the youngest daughter of Rhea and Cronus.
  • Greek Goddesses 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Women in Greek Myths - The Famous Chicks 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She was the sister and consort of the god Baal.
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

Attic black-figured amphora depicting Athene being "reborn" from the head of Zeus, who had swallowed her mother, Metis, the goddess of childbirth, Eileithyia, on the right assists - 550–525 BC - Louvre
.A motif of father-against-son conflict was repeated when Cronus was confronted by his son, Zeus.^ This motif of father/son conflict was repeated when Cronus was confronted by his son, Zeus .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This motif of father/son conflict was repeated when Cronus was confronted by his son, Zeus.

^ When Zeus was grown, he fed his father a drugged drink which caused Cronus to throw up Zeus' brothers and sisters, and one stone, which had been sitting in Cronus' stomach all along.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Because Cronus had betrayed his father, he feared that his offspring would do the same, and so each time Rhea gave birth, he snatched up the child and ate it.^ After Cronus betrayed his father, he feared that his offspring would do the same, and so each time Rhea gave birth, he snatched up the child and ate it.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Zeus was grown, he fed his father a drugged drink which caused Cronus to throw up Zeus' brothers and sisters, and one stone, which had been sitting in Cronus' stomach all along.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, through deceit and trickery, Cronus' wife Rhea manages to bear and hide the youngest child, who grows and conquers his father (Tripp, 177).
  • the bible and greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

.Rhea hated this and tricked him by hiding Zeus and wrapping a stone in a baby's blanket, which Cronus ate.^ Rhea hated this and tricked him by hiding Zeus and wrapping a stone in a baby's blanket, which Cronus ate.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Zeus was grown, he fed his father a drugged drink which caused Cronus to throw up Zeus' brothers and sisters, and one stone, which had been sitting in Cronus' stomach all along.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When he had grown up, Zeus caused Cronus to vomit up his sisters and brothers, and these gods helped him to gain control of the universe from the Titans and Cronus, their king.

.When Zeus was grown, he fed his father a drugged drink which caused Cronus to vomit, throwing up Rhea's other children and the stone, which had been sitting in Cronus' stomach all along.^ Cronus ("the wily, youngest and most terrible of [Gaia's] children")castrated his father and became the ruler of the gods with his sister-wife Rhea as his consort and the other Titans became his court.

^ When he had grown up, Zeus caused Cronus to vomit up his sisters and brothers, and these gods helped him to gain control of the universe from the Titans and Cronus, their king.

^ When he was born, his father Cronus intended to swallow him as he had all of Zeus's brothers and sisters, but Rhea hid the newborn in a cave.

.Then Zeus challenged Cronus to war for the kingship of the gods.^ Zeus challenged him to war for the kingship of the gods.

^ Then Zeus challenged Cronus to war for the kingship of the gods.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Titanomachia Titanomachia was the 10 year war waged in Thessaly by Zeus and the Olympian gods against Cronos and the Titans led by Atlas .
  • Greek mythology N-Z - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

.At last, with the help of the Cyclopes (whom Zeus freed from Tartarus), Zeus and his siblings were victorious, while Cronus and the Titans were hurled down to imprisonment in Tartarus.^ At last, with the help of the Cyclopes,(whom Zeus freed from Tarturus), Zeus and his siblings were victorious, while Cronus and the Titans were hurled down to imprisonment in Tartarus.

^ At last, with the help of the Cyclopes, (whom Zeus freed from Tarturus), Zeus and his siblings were victorious, while Cronus and the Titans were hurled down to imprisonment in Tartarus .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When he had grown up, Zeus caused Cronus to vomit up his sisters and brothers, and these gods helped him to gain control of the universe from the Titans and Cronus, their king.

[24]
.Zeus was plagued by the same concern and, after a prophecy that the offspring of his first wife, Metis, would give birth to a god "greater than he"—Zeus swallowed her.^ Historians of religion were fascinated by a number of apparently ancient configurations of myth connencted with Crete (the god as bull, Zeus and Europa, Pasiphae who yields to the bull and gives birth to the Minotaur etc.

^ Historians of religion were fascinated by a number of apparently ancient configurations of myth connencted with Crete (the god as bull, Zeus and Europa, Pasiphaë who yields to the bull and gives birth to the Minotaur etc.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Before Metis gave birth, Zeus devoured her because he feared prophecies that her second child would overthrow him.

.She was already pregnant with Athene, however, and they made him miserable until Athene burst forth from his head—fully-grown and dressed for war.^ Pelops made war and recovered him.
  • Diotima 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They also sired the Cyclopes (the one eyed giants who made thunderbolts) and the 100-handed, 50 headed monsters called Hecatonchires.

^ Athena (Minerva): Goddess of wisdom; known poetically as Pallas Athene; sprang fully armed from head of Zeus.
  • http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0197622.html 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: General]

This "rebirth" from Zeus was used as an excuse for why he was not "superseded" by a child of the next generation of gods, but accounted for the presence of Athene. .It is likely that cultural changes already in progress absorbed the long-standing local cult of Athene at Athens into the changing Olympic pantheon without conflict because it could not be overcome.^ (Because it could run continuously without fatigue.
  • 83.02.11: Greek and Roman Mythology in the Classroom 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Others point to earlier myths from other cultures, showing the story of Heracles as a local adaptation of hero myths already well established.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Though in many cases only those who had been initiated into the cult could participate in the festivities.

[citation needed]
.The earliest Greek thought about poetry considered the theogonies to be the prototypical poetic genre—the prototypical mythos—and imputed almost magical powers to it.^ The earliest Greek thought about poetry considered the theogony to be the prototypical poetic genre — the prototypical mythos — and imputed almost magical powers to it.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because YOU are about to go on a Roman/Greek Mythology internet-powered scavenger hunt!
  • WEB SITES ON GREEK MYTHOLOGY 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cumbavac.org [Source type: General]

.Orpheus, the archetypal poet, also was the archetypal singer of theogonies, which he uses to calm seas and storms in Apollonius' Argonautica, and to move the stony hearts of the underworld gods in his descent to Hades.^ Orpheus , the archetypal poet, was also the archetypal singer of theogonies, which he uses to calm seas and storms in Apollonius' Argonautica , and to move the stony hearts of the underworld gods in his descent to Hades .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hades got the underworld, Poseidon the sea, and Zeus as supreme god, got the heavens.

^ Hades became the Greek god of the underworld.

.When Hermes invents the lyre in the Homeric Hymn to Hermes, the first thing he does is sing about the birth of the gods.^ When Hermes invents the lyre in the Homeric Hymn to Hermes , the first thing he does is sing the birth of the gods.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And this is agreed by them all, Homer saying `Okeanos the genesis of the gods, and mother Tethys [Thesis]’, and Orpheus - who was the original inventor of the gods’ names and recounted their births and said what they have all done, and who enjoys some credit among them as a true theologian, and is generally followed by Homer, above all about the gods - also making their first genesis from water : `Okeanos, who is the genesis of the all’.
  • GAEA : Greek goddess of earth ; mythology ; pictures : GAIA, TELLUS 23 September 2009 7:17 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The most interesting stories related ae about the things he did on the first day of his life: (1) stealing the cattle of Apollo; (2) making the lyre; (3) inventing the winged sandals which were called Talaria; (4) making fire by rubbing sticks together; (5) making of the Apollo's cattle he stole, killed, and butchered, the first flesh offering to gods.
  • Greek Mythology Names 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cyberspacei.com [Source type: Original source]

[25] .Hesiod's Theogony is not only the fullest surviving account of the gods, but also the fullest surviving account of the archaic poet's function, with its long preliminary invocation to the Muses.^ Hesiod's Theogony is not only the fullest surviving account of the gods, but also the fullest surviving account of the archaic poet's function, with its long preliminary invocation to the Muses .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This poem attempted to outdo Hesiod's Theogony and the genealogy of the gods was extended back with Nyx (Night) as an ultimate beginning before Uranus, Cronus and Zeus.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to Hesiod (an 8th century Greek poet and writer whose 'Theogony' relates to the myths of the gods), Gaea and Uranus had 12 sons and daughters who made up the original Titans.

.Theogony also was the subject of many lost poems, including those attributed to Orpheus, Musaeus, Epimenides, Abaris, and other legendary seers, which were used in private ritual purifications and mystery-rites.^ Theogony was also the subject of many lost poems, including those attributed to Orpheus, Musaeus , Epimenides , Abaris and other legendary seers, which were used in private ritual purifications and mystery-rites .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other poets completed the "epic cycle", but these later and lesser poems are now almost entirely lost.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Orphic Hymns are a set of pre-classical poetic compositions, attributed to Orpheus, himself the subject of a renowned myth.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are indications that Plato was familiar with some version of the Orphic theogony.^ There are indications that Plato was familiar with some version of the Orphic theogony.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26] .A silence would have been expected about religious rites and beliefs, however, and that nature of the culture would not have been reported by members of the society while the beliefs were held.^ Gods Love A Modern Look at Gods and Mythology Most ancient societies had some sort of religious beliefs, and contrary to what organized religion would have you think, the belief in only one god is a relatively recent one.

^ Their home page's culture section reflects current religious beliefs and answers the question What is the Haudenosaunee Concept of Creation?
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The one before the two [Thesis], however, he leaves unexpressed, his very silence being an intimation of its ineffable nature.
  • GAEA : Greek goddess of earth ; mythology ; pictures : GAIA, TELLUS 23 September 2009 7:17 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

.After they ceased to become religious beliefs, few would have known the rites and rituals.^ Joseph Campbell was a well-known writer in the areas of mythology and ritual, and frequently drew analogies between established religious practices and long-forerunning mythological beliefs.
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

Allusions often existed, however, to aspects that were quite public.
.Images existed on pottery and religious artwork that were interpreted and more likely, misinterpreted in many diverse myths and tales.^ Beazley Archive: Pottery images of many of the major pieces of Greek pottery (vase painting) - sort by divinity, theme, site etc.
  • Ancient Greek Mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC greekmyth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Leto For someone in so many myths you'd think there'd be more about her!
  • Women in Greek Myths - The Famous Chicks 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1872, John Fiske wrote a "somewhat rambling and unsystematic series of papers" entitled Myths and Mythmakers: Old Tales and Superstitions Interpreted by Comparative Mythology .
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A few fragments of these works survive in quotations by Neoplatonist philosophers and recently unearthed papyrus scraps.^ A few fragments of these works survive in quotations by Neoplatonist philosophers and recently unearthed papyrus scraps.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of these scraps, the Derveni Papyrus now proves that at least in the 5th century BC a theogonic-cosmogonic poem of Orpheus was in existence.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One of these scraps, the Derveni Papyrus now proves that at least in the fifth century BC a theogonic-cosmogonic poem of Orpheus was in existence.^ One of these scraps, the Derveni Papyrus now proves that at least in the 5th century BC a theogonic-cosmogonic poem of Orpheus was in existence.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of these was Homer, who wrote the epic poems the 'Iliad' and the 'Odyssey'.

^ A few fragments of these works survive in quotations by Neoplatonist philosophers and recently unearthed papyrus scraps.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This poem attempted to outdo Hesiod's Theogony and the genealogy of the gods was extended back to Nyx (Night) as an ultimate female beginning before Eurynome,[citation needed] Uranus, Cronus, and Zeus.^ This poem attempted to outdo Hesiod's Theogony and the genealogy of the gods was extended back with Nyx (Night) as an ultimate beginning before Uranus, Cronus and Zeus.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She causes her husband Cronus to stop eating his children, saves Zeus and (indirectly) brings the Olympian Gods into power.
  • Greek Goddesses 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hesiod's Theogony is not only the fullest surviving account of the gods, but also the fullest surviving account of the archaic poet's function, with its long preliminary invocation to the Muses .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27] .Night and Darkness could equate with Chaos.^ This Chaos was the bearer meaning that he gave birth to of Ge; earth, Tartarus; underworld, Eros; love and sex, Erebus; darkness, and Nyx; night (Tripp 159).
  • the bible and greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Erebus (i) A god of darkness, son of Chaos, and the brother of Night.
  • Greek Mythology Names 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cyberspacei.com [Source type: Original source]

.The first philosophical cosmologists reacted against, or sometimes built upon, popular mythical conceptions that had existed in the Greek world for some time.^ The first philosophical cosmologists reacted against, or sometimes built upon, popular mythical conceptions that had existed in the Greek world for some time.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The fact is that Greek myths contain unrealistic and unbelievable characters, events, and other elements, but upon comparison of Greek mythology stories with different Biblical accounts, it is apparent that some parallels between the two do exist, and that the Ancient Greeks view of the events of the early world are very similar to the views of both ancient and contemporary Christians.
  • the bible and greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The religion however continued and was popular in the first century, by the second century it is known there was a group of 500 worshippers at Frascati in Italy, and presumably other such groups existed.

.Some of these popular conceptions can be gleaned from the poetry of Homer and Hesiod.^ Some of these popular conceptions can be gleaned from the poetry of Homer and Hesiod.
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^ The first philosophical cosmologists reacted against, or sometimes built upon, popular mythical conceptions that had existed in the Greek world for some time.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Though these myths are some of the most popular in explaining "first causes" some of the characters within them are involved in many other myths as well.
  • WEB SITES ON GREEK MYTHOLOGY 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cumbavac.org [Source type: General]

.In Homer, the Earth was viewed as a flat disk afloat on the river of Oceanus and overlooked by a hemispherical sky with sun, moon, and stars.^ In Homer, the Earth was viewed as a flat disk afloat on the river of Oceanus and overlooked by a hemispherical sky with sun, moon and stars.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the ancient Greek cosmology earth was conceived as a flat disk encirced by the river Okeanos, and topped above by the solid dome of heaven and below by the great pit of Tartaros.
  • GAEA : Greek goddess of earth ; mythology ; pictures : GAIA, TELLUS 23 September 2009 7:17 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Applications: Star identification, planetary positions and the path of the sun and moon.
  • Science First :: STARLAB 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.starlab.com [Source type: General]

.The Sun (Helios) traversed the heavens as a charioteer and sailed around the Earth in a golden bowl at night.^ The Sun ( Helios ) traversed the heavens as a charioteer and sailed around the Earth in a golden bowl at night.
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^ Phaethon: Son of Helios; drove his father's sun chariot and was struck down by Zeus before he set world on fire.
  • http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0197622.html 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: General]

^ As the god of the Sun, Helios was thought to ride a chariot drawn by horses through the sky, bringing light to the earth.

.Sun, earth, heaven, rivers, and winds could be addressed in prayers and called to witness oaths.^ Sun, earth, heaven, rivers, and winds could be addressed in prayers and called to witness oaths.
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^ In the ancient Greek cosmology earth was conceived as a flat disk encirced by the river Okeanos, and topped above by the solid dome of heaven and below by the great pit of Tartaros.
  • GAEA : Greek goddess of earth ; mythology ; pictures : GAIA, TELLUS 23 September 2009 7:17 UTC www.theoi.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Homer, the Earth was viewed as a flat disk afloat on the river of Oceanus and overlooked by a hemispherical sky with sun, moon and stars.
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.Natural fissures were popularly regarded as entrances to the subterranean house of Hades and his predecessors, home of the dead.^ Natural fissures were popularly regarded as entrances to the subterranean house of Hades, home of the dead.
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[28] .Influences from other cultures always afforded new themes.^ The Peoples Embassy presents Aotearoa, a celebration of Kiwi culture which collects a number of Maori legends as well as other items of New Zealand cultural interest.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Greek pantheon

The Twelve Olympians by Monsiau, circa late 18th century.
.According to Classical-era mythology, after the overthrow of the Titans, the new pantheon of gods and goddesses was confirmed.^ Carya Carya was a pre-classical mythology goddess.
  • Greek Goddesses 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to Classical-era mythology, after the overthrow of the Titans, the new pantheon of gods and goddesses was confirmed.
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^ Greek mythology gods and goddesses .
  • the bible and greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

.Among the principal Greek gods were the Olympians, residing atop Mount Olympus under the eye of Zeus.^ Among the principal Greek deities were the Olympians (The limitation of their number to twelve seems to have been a comparatively modern idea), residing atop Mount Olympus under the eye of Zeus.
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^ Greek Mythology God Name: Hades Domain: The Underworld History: After the titans were overthrown by the Olympian gods, Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades divided all of creation.

^ Zeus is considered to be one of the greatest gods in Greek mythology, in Roman mythology he is known as Jupiter.

.(The limitation of their number to twelve seems to have been a comparatively modern idea.^ Among the principal Greek deities were the Olympians (The limitation of their number to twelve seems to have been a comparatively modern idea), residing atop Mount Olympus under the eye of Zeus.
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)[29] .Besides the Olympians, the Greeks worshipped various gods of the countryside, the goat-god Pan, Nymphs (spirits of rivers), Naiads (who dwelled in springs), Dryads (who were spirits of the trees), Nereids (who inhabited the sea), river gods, Satyrs, and others.^ Nereids: Sea nymphs; attendants on Poseidon.
  • http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0197622.html 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: General]

^ Hebrus In Greek mythology, Hebrus was a river god.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pan was the god of goat-herds and shepherds.

.In addition, there were the dark powers of the underworld, such as the Erinyes (or Furies), said to pursue those guilty of crimes against blood-relatives.^ Greek Mythology Gods Name: The Furies Domain: Gods Who Punished Crime History: The Furies; Tisiphone, Megaera and Alecto, emerged from the blood of Uranus when he was castrated.

[30] .In order to honor the Ancient Greek pantheon, poets composed the Homeric Hymns (a group of thirty-three songs).^ In order to honor the Ancient Greek pantheon, poets composed the Homeric Hymns (a group of thirty-three songs).
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^ There were three Fates, whom Homer (another 8 th century Greek poet whose epic writings the Iliad and the Odyssey profoundly influenced ancient Greek culture and the subsequent development of Western literature) called the "spinners of the thread of life".

^ The pantheon of the ancient Greeks consisted of the Olympian gods and other major deities, along with many minor deities and demigods.
  • Greek Mythology - Myth Encyclopedia - god, story, legend, names, ancient, tree, war, world, Roman, creation, life, hero, king, people, trojan, children, culture, fire, monster, warrior, strength 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.mythencyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

[31] Gregory Nagy regards "the larger Homeric Hymns as simple preludes (compared with Theogony), each of which invokes one god".[32]
.In the wide variety of myths and legends that Greek mythology consists of, the gods that were native to the Greek peoples are described as having essentially corporeal but ideal bodies.^ Greek mythology gods and goddesses .
  • the bible and greek mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Greek myths legends Greek goddess Name of greek gods Greek mythology cre...
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^ Greek God Vampires in Greek Mythology Are there vampires in Greek mythology?

.According to Walter Burkert, the defining characteristic of Greek anthropomorphism is that "the Greek gods are persons, not abstractions, ideas or concepts".[33] Regardless of their underlying forms, the Ancient Greek gods have many fantastic abilities; most significantly, the gods are not affected by disease, and can be wounded only under highly unusual circumstances.^ According to Walter Burkert , the defining characteristic of Greek anthropomorphism is that "the Greek gods are persons, not abstractions, ideas or concepts".
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^ Momus Momus was the ancient Greek god of jeering.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Regardless of their underlying forms, the Ancient Greek gods have many fantastic abilities; most significantly, the gods are not affected by disease, and can be wounded only under highly unusual circumstances.
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.The Greeks considered immortality as the distinctive characteristic of their gods; this immortality, as well as unfading youth, was insured by the constant use of nectar and ambrosia, by which the divine blood was renewed in their veins.^ The Greeks considered immortality as the distinctive characteristic of their gods; this immortality, as well as unfading youth, was insured by the constant use of nectar and ambrosia , by which the divine blood was renewed in their veins.
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^ This occurred because the Romans had little mythology of their own and inheritance of the Greek mythological tradition caused the major Roman gods to adopt characteristics of their Greek equivalents.
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^ Zeus is considered to be one of the greatest gods in Greek mythology, in Roman mythology he is known as Jupiter.

[34]
.
Zeus, disguised as a swan seduces Leda, the Queen of Sparta.
^ Zeus fell in love with Leda and seduced her in the form of a swan.
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He, like his brother was born from an egg after Zeus visited Leda disguised as a swan.
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He, like his brother was born from an egg after Zeus visited Leda disguised as a swan .
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]

A sixteenth century copy of the lost original by Michelangelo.
.Each god descends from his or her own genealogy, pursues differing interests, has a certain area of expertise, and is governed by a unique personality; however, these descriptions arise from a multiplicity of archaic local variants, which do not always agree with one another.^ Each god descends from his or her own genealogy, pursues differing interests, has a certain area of expertise, and is governed by a unique personality; however, these descriptions arise from a multiplicity of archaic local variants, which do not always agree with one another.
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^ The art of singing is always exercised by certain gifted persons; but talents vary, and the most gifted become craftsmen, minstrels who chant in the courts or to the people according to circumstances.
  • Mycenaean Origin of Greek Mythology: Chapter I. How Old is Greek Mythology? 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was, however, common for individual regions and villages to devote their own cults to minor gods.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When these gods are called upon in poetry, prayer or cult, they are referred to by a combination of their name and epithets, that identify them by these distinctions from other manifestations of themselves (e.g.^ When these gods were called upon in poetry, prayer or cult, they are referred to by a combination of their name and epithets , that identify them by these distinctions from other manifestations of themselves (e.g.
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^ After the rise of the hero cult, gods and heroes constitute the sacral sphere and are invoked together in oaths, and prayers which are addressed to them.
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^ He over-took her and she already felt the eager arms of the Sun god around her when she called upon the venerable Gaea to aid her.
  • Greek Myths and Legends; Paintings of World Mythology; Classical, Greek, Roman,Celtic, Norse (Viking)  & Asian Mythology Illustrations by H D Johnson 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.howarddavidjohnson.com [Source type: General]

.Apollo Musagetes is "Apollo, [as] leader of the Muses").^ Apollo Musagetes is " Apollo , [as] leader of the Muses ").
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Alternatively the epithet may identify a particular and localized aspect of the god, sometimes thought to be already ancient during the classical epoch of Greece.^ Alternatively the epithet may identify a particular and localized aspect of the god, sometimes thought to be already ancient during the classical epoch of Greece.
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^ When these gods were called upon in poetry, prayer or cult, they are referred to by a combination of their name and epithets , that identify them by these distinctions from other manifestations of themselves (e.g.
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^ Publius Ovidius Naso composed his poetic retellings of Classical Myths sometime during his lifetime of 43 B.C.E. to 18 C.E. Norse/Teutonic .
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most gods were associated with specific aspects of life.^ Most gods were associated with specific aspects of life.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, Aphrodite was the goddess of love and beauty, Ares was the god of war, Hades the god of the dead, and Athena the goddess of wisdom and courage.^ Roman goddess of gardens and spring, identified with Aphrodite as the goddess of love beauty.
  • Greek Mythology Names 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cyberspacei.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For example, Aphrodite was the goddess of love and beauty, Ares was the god of war, Hades the god of the dead, and Athena the goddess of wisdom and courage.
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^ Roman goddess of wisdom, the arts, and the war, identified with the Greek, Athena.
  • Greek Mythology Names 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cyberspacei.com [Source type: Original source]

[35] .Some gods, such as Apollo and Dionysus, revealed complex personalities and mixtures of functions, while others, such as Hestia (literally "hearth") and Helios (literally "sun"), were little more than personifications.^ Some deities, such as Apollo and Dionysus , revealed complex personalities and mixtures of functions, while others, such as Hestia (literally "hearth") and Helios (literally "sun"), were little more than personifications.
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^ Helios (Sol): God of sun; later identified with Apollo.
  • http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0197622.html 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: General]

^ The Asiatic divinities Mithras (that is to say, the Sun) and Ba'al were combined with Apollo and Helios into one Sol Invictus , with conglomerated rites and compound attributes.
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.The most impressive temples tended to be dedicated to a limited number of gods, who were the focus of large pan-Hellenic cults.^ Syrinx Syrinx was a beautiful Arcadian river nymph who had the misfortune to be pursued by the ugly god Pan (he was all dirty-goat-like).
  • Women in Greek Myths - The Famous Chicks 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Global Hindu Electronic Networks presents God in Hindu Dharma and Representation in Temples , which describes and provides images of a number of Deities and heroes and also maintains an article from "Hinduism Today" on "God and Gods of Hinduism".
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^ One legend even says that Zeus gave permission for Hestia to be worshipped in any temple, regardless of which god they were dedicated to.

.It was, however, common for individual regions and villages to devote their own cults to minor gods.^ It was, however, common for individual regions and villages to devote their own cults to minor gods.
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^ Each tribe or ethnic region in Africa had their own supreme god, each having a different stature and different degree of power over the universe.
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many regions and even individual villages worshipped their own nymphs or minor gods that were virtually unknown elsewhere.

.Many cities also honored the more well-known gods with unusual local rites and associated strange myths with them that were unknown elsewhere.^ Many cities also honored the more well-known gods with unusual local rites and associated strange myths with them that were unknown elsewhere.
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^ Many Greek myths focus on the marvelous achievements of heroes who possessed physical strength, sharp wits, virtue, and a sense of honor.
  • Greek Mythology - Myth Encyclopedia - god, story, legend, names, ancient, tree, war, world, Roman, creation, life, hero, king, people, trojan, children, culture, fire, monster, warrior, strength 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.mythencyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While the age of gods has often been of more interest to contemporary students of myth, the Greek authors of the archaic and classical eras had a clear preference for the age of heroes.
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.During the heroic age, the cult of heroes (or demi-gods) supplemented that of the gods.^ During the heroic age, the cult of heroes (or demi-gods) supplemented this of the gods.
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^ In contrast to the age of gods, during the heroic age the roster of heroes is never given fixed and final form; great gods are no longer born, but new heroes can always be raised up from the army of the dead.
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^ After the rise of the hero cult, gods and heroes constitute the sacral sphere and are invoked together in oaths, and prayers which are addressed to them.
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Age of gods and mortals

The Marriage of Peleus and Thetis, by Hans Rottenhammer
.Bridging the age when gods lived alone and the age when divine interference in human affairs was limited was a transitional age in which gods and mortals moved together.^ Humans could die, but the gods lived on.

^ Age of gods and mortals .
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^ Bridging the age when gods lived alone and the age when divine interference in human affairs was limited was a transitional age in which gods and mortals moved together.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These were the early days of the world when the groups mingled more freely than they did later.^ When a very early compendium of maps of the country of the world was printed, the cover bore an image of the TITAN holding the world; from this image we now have the word ATLAS , which to this day refers a group of such maps.
  • Mythology @ FreshCaffeine.com: Greek Archives 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC myths.freshcaffeine.com [Source type: General]

^ But if they were preserved by the memory of the minstrels and handed down by oral tradition, it is difficult to imagine that they survived more than two or at most .
  • Mycenaean Origin of Greek Mythology: Chapter I. How Old is Greek Mythology? 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some say that Zeus could intervene in their decisions and that they could be manipulated, but in most myths they were eternal and more powerful than any of the Gods.
  • Greek Goddesses 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Women in Greek Myths - The Famous Chicks 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

.Most of these tales were later told by Ovid's Metamorphoses and they are often divided into two thematic groups: tales of love, and tales of punishment.^ Most of these tales were later told by Ovid's Metamorphoses and they are often divided in two thematic groups: tales of love, and tales of punishment.
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^ The reason these two mythologies are usually grouped together is that they were very similar due to the Romans adopting all kinds of customs and ideas from the Greeks when the Roman Empire had Greece under its rule.
  • WEB SITES ON GREEK MYTHOLOGY 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cumbavac.org [Source type: General]

^ Hell was his place of residence, a place divided into two regions: Erebus, where the dead pass on to as soon as they die, and Tartarus a deeper region, the infernal abyss, a place of punishment for the wicked after death and where the Titans had been imprisoned.

[36]
.Tales of love often involve incest, or the seduction or rape of a mortal woman by a male god, resulting in heroic offspring.^ He also fathered Asclepius as a result of an affair with the mortal woman Coronis.

^ "Greek Mythology has often had stories of Gods and heroes to explain natural phenomenon in our world today.
  • WEB SITES ON GREEK MYTHOLOGY 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cumbavac.org [Source type: General]

^ Hestia was one of the twelve Olympians, until Dionysus the god of wine was born to Zeus, and a mortal woman Semele.

.The stories generally suggest that relationships between gods and mortals are something to avoid; even consenting relationships rarely have happy endings.^ The stories generally suggest that relationships between gods and mortals are something to avoid; even consenting relationships rarely have happy endings.
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^ The age when gods and mortals mingled freely : stories of the early interactions between gods, demigods , and mortals.
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^ Ultimate Warrior The Original Gods of Greek Mythology Greek mythology holds some of the most fascinating and intriguing stories about the relationships between gods and man.

[37] .In a few cases, a female divinity mates with a mortal man, as in the Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite, where the goddess lies with Anchises to produce Aeneas.^ According to Homer, Aphrodite intervened when the Greek hero Diomedes had been on the verge of killing Aeneas.

^ Aeneas: Trojan; son of Anchises and Aphrodite; after fall of Troy, led his followers eventually to Italy; loved and deserted Dido.
  • http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0197622.html 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: General]

^ Aphrodite involved herself with the affairs of mortal man on several other occasions.

[38]
Dionysus with satyrs. Interior of a cup painted by the Brygos Painter, Cabinet des Médailles
.The second type (tales of punishment) involves the appropriation or invention of some important cultural artifact, as when Prometheus steals fire from the gods, when Tantalus steals nectar and ambrosia from Zeus' table and gives it to his own subjects—revealing to them the secrets of the gods, when Prometheus or Lycaon invents sacrifice, when Demeter teaches agriculture and the Mysteries to Triptolemus, or when Marsyas invents the aulos and enters into a musical contest with Apollo.^ She bound Prometheus as punishment for his stealing fire from the Gods for us insignificant humans.
  • Greek Goddesses 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Apollo was also the god of song, music and poetry.

^ The most interesting stories related ae about the things he did on the first day of his life: (1) stealing the cattle of Apollo; (2) making the lyre; (3) inventing the winged sandals which were called Talaria; (4) making fire by rubbing sticks together; (5) making of the Apollo's cattle he stole, killed, and butchered, the first flesh offering to gods.
  • Greek Mythology Names 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cyberspacei.com [Source type: Original source]

.Ian Morris considers Prometheus' adventures as "a place between the history of the gods and that of man".[39] An anonymous papyrus fragment, dated to the third century, vividly portrays Dionysus' punishment of the king of Thrace, Lycurgus, whose recognition of the new god came too late, resulting in horrific penalties that extended into the afterlife.^ Prometheus' adventures mark "a place between the history of the gods and that of man".
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^ An anonymous papyrus fragment, dated to the third century, vividly portrays Dionysus ' punishment of the king of Thrace , Lycurgus , whose recognition of the new god came too late, resulting in horrific penalties that extended into the afterlife.
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^ In another tragedy, Euripides' The Bacchae , the king of Thebes , Pentheus , is punished by Dionysus, because he disrespected the god and spied on his Maenads , the female worshippers of the god.
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[40] .The story of the arrival of Dionysus to establish his cult in Thrace was also the subject of an Aeschylean trilogy.^ The story of the arrival of Dionysus to establish his cult in Thrace was also the subject of an Aeschylean trilogy.
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[41] .In another tragedy, Euripides' The Bacchae, the king of Thebes, Pentheus, is punished by Dionysus, because he disrespected the god and spied on his Maenads, the female worshippers of the god.^ In another tragedy, Euripides' The Bacchae , the king of Thebes , Pentheus , is punished by Dionysus, because he disrespected the god and spied on his Maenads , the female worshippers of the god.
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^ Maenads The female devotees of the wine-god Dionysus, thus also called Bacchae and Bacchantes.
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ An anonymous papyrus fragment, dated to the third century, vividly portrays Dionysus ' punishment of the king of Thrace , Lycurgus , whose recognition of the new god came too late, resulting in horrific penalties that extended into the afterlife.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[42]
Demeter and Metanira in a detail on an Apulian red-figure hydria, c. 340 BC - Berlin Museum
.In another story, based on an old folktale-motif,[43] and echoing a similar theme, Demeter was searching for her daughter, Persephone, having taken the form of an old woman called Doso, and received a hospitable welcome from Celeus, the King of Eleusis in Attica.^ He forcibly married PERSEPHONE , DEMETER'S daughter.
  • Mythology @ FreshCaffeine.com: Greek Archives 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC myths.freshcaffeine.com [Source type: General]

^ He also helps Demeter in her search for her daughter Persephone.

^ In another story, based on an old folktale-motif, and echoeing a similar theme, Demeter was searching for her daughter, Persephone , having taken the form of an old woman called Doso , and received a hospitable welcome from Celeus , the King of Eleusis in Attica .
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.As a gift to Celeus, because of his hospitality, Demeter planned to make his son Demophon a god, but she was unable to complete the ritual because his mother Metanira walked in and saw her son in the fire and screamed in fright, which angered Demeter, who lamented that foolish mortals do not understand the concept and ritual.^ As a gift to Celeus, because of his hospitality, Demeter planned to make Demophon as a god, but she was unable to complete the ritual because his mother Metanira walked in and saw her son in the fire and screamed in fright, which angered Demeter, who lamented that foolish mortals do not understand the concept and ritual.
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^ Dionysus is the son of Zeus and Semele and the only god to have a mortal parent.

^ Among others who were punished in this way was Phineus, a king of Thrace , his crime having been cruelty toward his own son and contempt of the gods.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]

[44]

Heroic age

.The age in which the heroes lived is known as the heroic age.^ The age in which the heroes lived is known as the heroic age.
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[45] .The epic and genealogical poetry created cycles of stories clustered around particular heroes or events and established the family relationships between the heroes of different stories; they thus arranged the stories in sequence.^ The epic and genealogical poetry created cycles of stories clustered around particular heroes or events and established the family relationships between the heroes of different stories; they thus arranged the stories in sequence.
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^ Calliope Epic and heroic poetry 2.
  • Greek Mythology Names 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cyberspacei.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The localizations of cults and heroes must be regarded with a critical eye and must not be used as arguments unless their reliability is tested, for they are often due to the influence of epics.
  • Mycenaean Origin of Greek Mythology: Chapter I. How Old is Greek Mythology? 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

According to Ken Dowden, "there is even a saga effect: we can follow the fates of some families in successive generations".[17]
.After the rise of the hero cult, gods and heroes constitute the sacral sphere and are invoked together in oaths and prayers which are addressed to them.^ After the rise of the hero cult, gods and heroes constitute the sacral sphere and are invoked together in oaths, and prayers which are addressed to them.
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^ Under the influence of Homer the "hero cult" leads to a restructuring in spiritual life, expressed in the separation of the realm of the gods from the realm of the dead (heroes), of the Olympian from the Chthonic .
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^ When these gods were called upon in poetry, prayer or cult, they are referred to by a combination of their name and epithets , that identify them by these distinctions from other manifestations of themselves (e.g.
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[19] .In contrast to the age of gods, during the heroic age the roster of heroes is never given fixed and final form; great gods are no longer born, but new heroes can always be raised up from the army of the dead.^ During the heroic age, the cult of heroes (or demi-gods) supplemented this of the gods.
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^ In contrast to the age of gods, during the heroic age the roster of heroes is never given fixed and final form; great gods are no longer born, but new heroes can always be raised up from the army of the dead.
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^ When tribes from the north of the Balkan Peninsula invaded, they brought with them a new pantheon of gods, based on conquest, force, prowess in battle, and violent heroism.
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.Another important difference between the hero cult and the cult of gods is that the hero becomes the centre of local group identity.^ Another important difference between the hero cult and the cult of gods is that the hero becomes the centre of local group identity.
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^ Each god descends from his or her own genealogy, pursues differing interests, has a certain area of expertise, and is governed by a unique personality; however, these descriptions arise from a multiplicity of archaic local variants, which do not always agree with one another.
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^ The localizations of cults and heroes must be regarded with a critical eye and must not be used as arguments unless their reliability is tested, for they are often due to the influence of epics.
  • Mycenaean Origin of Greek Mythology: Chapter I. How Old is Greek Mythology? 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

[19]
.The monumental events of Heracles are regarded as the dawn of the age of heroes.^ Or the heroic age may come to an end and the people settle down to a less eventful life.
  • Mycenaean Origin of Greek Mythology: Chapter I. How Old is Greek Mythology? 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

.To the Heroic Age are also ascribed three great military events: the Argonautic expedition, the Theban War and the Trojan War.^ To the Heroic Age are also ascribed three great military events, the Argonautic expedition and the Trojan War as well as the Theban War.
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^ To recover Helen, the Greeks launched a great expedition under the overall command of Menelaus ' brother, Agamemnon, king of Argos or Mycenae , but The Trojans refused to return Helen.
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^ The oldest known Greek literary sources, the epic poems Iliad and Odyssey , focus on events surrounding the Trojan War .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[46]

Heracles and the Heracleidae

Herakles with his baby Telephos (Louvre Museum, Paris).
.Some scholars believe[47] that behind Heracles' complicated mythology there was probably a real man, perhaps a chieftain-vassal of the kingdom of Argos.^ For more details on this topic, see Heracles and Heracleidae Some scholars believe that behind Heracles' complicated mythology there was probably a real man, perhaps a chieftain-vassal of the kingdom of Argos .
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^ Some scholars suggest the story of Heracles is an allegory for the sun's yearly passage through the twelve constellations of the zodiac.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Greek Mythology Questions About the Trojan War Between Troy and the Greek City States This article examines some of the questions that scholars have about the Trojan War between Troy and the Greek city states...

.Some scholars suggest the story of Heracles is an allegory for the sun's yearly passage through the twelve constellations of the zodiac.^ Some scholars suggest the story of Heracles is an allegory for the sun's yearly passage through the twelve constellations of the zodiac.
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^ Heracles and the "Twelve Labors" – The Better Story : A 5 page paper discussing Heracles [later renamed "Hercules " by the Romans].
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

[48] .Others point to earlier myths from other cultures, showing the story of Heracles as a local adaptation of hero myths already well established.^ Others point to earlier myths from other cultures, showing the story of Heracles as a local adaptation of hero myths already well established.
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^ Many cities also honored the more well-known gods with unusual local rites and associated strange myths with them that were unknown elsewhere.
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^ Macdonell, Arthur Anthony calls Vedas and other religions Hindu text > > > > > myth and stories on this own accord.
  • Vedic Mythology - talk.origins | Google Groups 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.Traditionally, Heracles was the son of Zeus and Alcmene, granddaughter of Perseus.^ Traditionally, Heracles was the son of Zeus and Alcmene , granddaughter of Perseus .
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^ Perseus, the son of Zeus and Medusa, the gorgon's head .
  • Greek Myths and Legends; Paintings of World Mythology; Classical, Greek, Roman,Celtic, Norse (Viking)  & Asian Mythology Illustrations by H D Johnson 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.howarddavidjohnson.com [Source type: General]

^ Heracles (Roman name Hercules) is the son of the god Zeus and the mortal woman Alcmene.

[49] .His fantastic solitary exploits, with their many folk-tale themes, provided much material for popular legend.^ His fantastic solitary exploits, with their many folk tale themes, provided much material for popular legend.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kraken Mythical Birds Through History Myths and legends from many corners of the globe include tales of magical birds.

^ The writer examines this story as being similar in theme to popular American "old wives' tales."
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

.He is portrayed as a sacrificier, mentioned as a founder of altars, and imagined as a voracious eater himself; it is in this role that he appears in comedy, while his tragic end provided much material for tragedy — Heracles is regarded by Thalia Papadopoulou as "a play of great significance in examination of other Euripidean dramas".[50] In art and literature Heracles was represented as an enormously strong man of moderate height; his characteristic weapon was the bow but frequently also the club.^ He is portrayed as a sacrificier, mentioned as a founder of altars, and imagined as a voracious eater himself; it is in this role that he appears in comedy, while his tragic end provided much material for tragedy — Heracles is regarded by Thalia Papadopoulou as "a play of great significance in examination of other Euripidean dramas".
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^ In art and literature Heracles was represented as an enormously strong man of moderate height; his characteristic weapon was the bow but frequently also the club.
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^ He details works of art, music & literature inspired by the Nights, as well as providing a history of the Nights and of many of the characters contained therin.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Vase paintings demonstrate the unparalleled popularity of Heracles, his fight with the lion being depicted many hundreds of times.^ The vase paintings demonstrate the unparalleled popularity of Heracles, his fight with the lion being depicted many hundreds of times.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beazley Archive: Pottery images of many of the major pieces of Greek pottery (vase painting) - sort by divinity, theme, site etc.
  • Ancient Greek Mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC greekmyth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[51]
.
Hera suckling the baby Heracles, surrounded by Athena (out of view) and Aphrodite on the left and on the right, Iris, the messenger of Hera, who carries the winged staff (caduceus), detail from an Apulian red-figure squat lekythos, c.
^ Caduceus Caduceus is the winged and serpent twisted staff or wand of Hermes .
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In art, Hermes is shown as a handsome and athletic young man, usually seen in his winged helmet and shoes, and carrying his staff.

^ She was a messenger who conveyed divine commands from Zeus and Hera to mankind.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

360-350 BC - Anzi
.Heracles also entered Etruscan and Roman mythology and cult, and the exclamation "mehercule" became as familiar to the Romans as "Herakleis" was to the Greeks.^ Heracles also entered Etruscan and Roman mythology and cult, and the exclamation "mehercule" became as familiar to the Romans as "Herakleis" was to the Greeks.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The want of an interesting work on Greek and Roman mythology, suitable for the requirements of both boys and girls, has long been recognized by the principals of our advanced schools.
  • Myths and Legends of Ancient Greece and Rome - Page 1 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.ellopos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Apollo In Greek and Roman mythology, Apollo was the god of the sun , music, poetry, prophecy, agriculture, and pastoral life, and leader of the Muses .
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]

[51] .In Italy he was worshipped as a god of merchants and traders, although others also prayed to him for his characteristic gifts of good luck or rescue from danger.^ Although she wasn't thrilled to see him go (like her predecessor Calypso she gave him super good advice that he actually followed (always listen to witches!
  • Greek Goddesses 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But after his death, Zeus acknowledged the good he had brought mankind and made him into a god.

^ In Hindu mythology he is the god of wisdom and good luck, the son of the god Shiva.
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

[49]
.Heracles attained the highest social prestige through his appointment as official ancestor of the Dorian kings.^ Heracles attained the highest social prestige through his appointment as official ancestor of the Dorian kings.
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.This probably served as a legitimation for the Dorian migrations into the Peloponnese.^ This probably served as a legitimation for the Dorian migrations into the Peloponnese .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hyllus, the eponymous hero of one Dorian phyle, became the son of Heracles and one of the Heracleidae or Heraclids (the numerous descendants of Heracles, especially the descendants of Hyllus — other Heracleidae included Macaria, Lamos, Manto, Bianor, Tlepolemus, and Telephus).^ According to one story, she resigned as cupbearer to the gods upon her marriage to the hero Heracles, who had just been deified.
  • Greek Goddesses 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She became the wife of Heracles and bore him two sons.
  • Greek Mythology Names 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.cyberspacei.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Their descendants became great kings, the greatest of which was Heracles who was the strongest man in the world.

.These Heraclids conquered the Peloponnesian kingdoms of Mycenae, Sparta and Argos, claiming, according to legend, a right to rule them through their ancestor.^ These Heraclids conquered the Peloponnesian kingdoms of Mycenae , Sparta and Argos , claiming, according to legend, a right to rule it through their ancestor.
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^ These hostilities festered for decades, culminating in 431 BC with the start of the Peloponnesian Wars, a 25-year bloody civil war between Sparta and her allies and Athens and her allies.

.Their rise to dominance is frequently called the "Dorian invasion". The Lydian and later the Macedonian kings, as rulers of the same rank, also became Heracleidae.^ The Lydian and later the Macedonian kings, as rulers of the same rank, also became Heracleidae.
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^ Their rise to dominance is frequently called the " Dorian invasion ".
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After she had his kid, and he later died, she married Heleneus (one of King Priam of Troy's few surviving kids) and they became the rulers of the Greek region of Epirus.
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

[52]
.Other members of this earliest generation of heroes, such as Perseus, Deucalion, Theseus and Bellerophon, have many traits in common with Heracles.^ Other members of this earliest generation of heroes, such as Perseus, Deucalion , Theseus and Bellerophon , have many traits in common with Heracles.
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^ Bellerophon's adventures are commonplace types, similar to the adventures of Heracles and Theseus.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nearly every member of the next generation of heroes, as well as Heracles, went with Jason in the ship Argo to fetch the Golden Fleece.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Like him, their exploits are solitary, fantastic and border on fairy tale, as they slay monsters such as the Chimera and Medusa.^ Like him, their exploits are solitary, fantastic and border on fairy tale , as they slay monsters such as the Chimera and Medusa .
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^ Thing was, she thought that her uncle would kill the baby, so she got some girlfriends together and they cried over him like he was stillborn, then they sent him off to Chiron the centaur.
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His fantastic solitary exploits, with their many folk tale themes, provided much material for popular legend.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Bellerophon's adventures are commonplace types, similar to the adventures of Heracles and Theseus. .Sending a hero to his presumed death is also a recurrent theme of this early heroic tradition, used in the cases of Perseus and Bellerophon.^ Sending a hero to his presumed death is also a recurrent theme of this early heroic tradition, used in the cases of Perseus and Bellerophon.
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^ Other members of this earliest generation of heroes, such as Perseus, Deucalion , Theseus and Bellerophon , have many traits in common with Heracles.
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^ Roman numeral outline) which discusses how Homer used symbolism to underscore the classical themes of heroism, romanticism and patriotism in his epic poem, "The Iliad."
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

[53]

Argonauts

.The only surviving Hellenistic epic, the Argonautica of Apollonius of Rhodes (epic poet, scholar, and director of the Library of Alexandria) tells the myth of the voyage of Jason and the Argonauts to retrieve the Golden Fleece from the mythical land of Colchis.^ Apollonius of Rhodes, poet/scholar, 3 rd c.
  • Diotima 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The only surviving Hellenistic epic, the Argonautica of Apollonius of Rhodes (epic poet, scholar, and director of the Library of Alexandria ) tells the myth of the voyage of Jason and the Argonauts to retrieve the Golden Fleece from the mythical land of Colchis .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argo: Ship in which Jason and followers sailed to Colchis for Golden Fleece.
  • http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0197622.html 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: General]

.In the Argonautica, Jason is impelled on his quest by king Pelias, who receives a prophecy that a man with one sandal would be his nemesis.^ In the Argonautica , Jason is impelled on his quest by king Pelias , who receives a prophecy that a man with one sandal would be his nemesis .
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^ Her first plan foiled, Hera blinded the King who shot one of Ino's sons.
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Jason would not have completed his quest for the Golden Fleece without Hera's help.

.Jason loses a sandal in a river, arrives at the court of Pelias, and the epic is set in motion.^ Jason loses a sandal in a river, arrives at the court of Pelias, and the epic is set in motion.
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^ In the Argonautica , Jason is impelled on his quest by king Pelias , who receives a prophecy that a man with one sandal would be his nemesis .
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.Nearly every member of the next generation of heroes, as well as Heracles, went with Jason in the ship Argo to fetch the Golden Fleece.^ Nearly every member of the next generation of heroes, as well as Heracles, went with Jason in the ship Argo to fetch the Golden Fleece.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Argo: Ship in which Jason and followers sailed to Colchis for Golden Fleece.
  • http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0197622.html 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: General]

^ Other members of this earliest generation of heroes, such as Perseus, Deucalion , Theseus and Bellerophon , have many traits in common with Heracles.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This generation also included Theseus, who went to Crete to slay the Minotaur; Atalanta, the female heroine; and Meleager, who once had an epic cycle of his own to rival the Iliad and Odyssey.^ This generation also included Theseus , who went to Crete to slay the Minotaur ; Atalanta , the female heroine; and Meleager , who once had an epic cycle of his own to rival the Iliad and Odyssey .
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^ The oldest known Greek literary sources, the epic poems Iliad and Odyssey , focus on events surrounding the Trojan War .
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^ One of these was Homer, who wrote the epic poems the 'Iliad' and the 'Odyssey'.

.Pindar, Apollonius and Apollodorus endeavor to give full lists of the Argonauts.^ Pindar, Apollonius and Apollodorus endeavor to give full lists of the Argonauts.
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[54]
.Although Apollonius wrote his poem in the 3rd century BC, the composition of the story of the Argonauts is earlier than Odyssey, which shows familiarity with the exploits of Jason (the wandering of Odysseus may have been partly founded on it).^ Although Apollonius wrote his poem in the 3rd century BC, the composition of the story of the Argonauts is earlier than Odyssey , which shows familiarity with the exploits of Jason (the wandering of Odysseus may have been partly founded on it).
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^ The Odyssey also by Homer, here translated by S. Butler, tells of the wanderings of Odysseus following the capture of Troy, on his way home to his family in Ithaka.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of these was Homer, who wrote the epic poems the 'Iliad' and the 'Odyssey'.

[55] .In ancient times the expedition was regarded as a historical fact, an incident in the opening up of the Black Sea to Greek commerce and colonization.^ In ancient times the expedition was regarded as a historical fact, an incident in the opening up of the Black Sea to Greek commerce and colonization.
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^ Poets and artists from ancient times to the present have derived inspiration from Greek mythology and have discovered contemporary significance and relevance in classical mythological themes.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Greek Myths Atheism Facts and Myths Mr. Stolyarov, an atheist, discusses what atheism actually is and dispels the all too frequent misconceptions regarding it.

[56] It was also extremely popular, forming a cycle to which a number of local legends became attached. The story of Medea, in particular, caught the imagination of the tragic poets.[57]
Cadmus Sowing the Dragon's teeth, by Maxfield Parrish, 1908

House of Atreus and Theban Cycle

.In between the Argo and the Trojan War, there was a generation known chiefly for its horrific crimes.^ In between the Argo and the Trojan War, there was a generation known chiefly for its horrific crimes.
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^ The first is the war between the Achaeans and Trojans.
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The oldest known Greek literary sources, the epic poems Iliad and Odyssey , focus on events surrounding the Trojan War .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This includes the doings of Atreus and Thyestes at Argos.^ This includes the doings of Atreus and Thyestes at Argos.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Behind the myth of the house of Atreus (one of the two principal heroic dynasties with the house of Labdacus) lies the problem of the devolution of power and of the mode of accession to sovereignty.^ The writer compares the two warriors to determine which one was the greater hero.
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

.The twins Atreus and Thyestes with their descendants played the leading role in the tragedy of the devolution of power in Mycenae.^ The twins Atreus and Thyestes with their descendants played the leading role in the tragedy of the devolution of power in Mycenae.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Behind the myth of the house of Atreus (one of the two principal heroic dynasties with the house of Labdacus ) lies the problem of the devolution of power and of the mode of accession to sovereignty.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She was the daughter of this guy named Thyestes, who had a twin brother named Atreus.
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

[58]
.The Theban Cycle deals with events associated especially with Cadmus, the city's founder, and later with the doings of Laius and Oedipus at Thebes; a series of stories that lead to the eventual pillage of that city at the hands of the Seven Against Thebes and Epigoni.^ Laius Laius was the king of Thebes and father of Oedipus .
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Theban Cycle deals with events associated especially with Cadmus , the city's founder, and later with the doings of Laius and Oedipus at Thebes; a series of stories that lead to the eventual pillage of that city at the hands of the Seven Against Thebes (it is not known whether the Seven against Thebes figured in early epic) and Epigoni .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He denied his brother a share in the kingship of Thebes, thus provoking the expedition of the Seven against Thebes, in which he and his brother died by each other's hands.
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

[59] .(It is not known whether the Seven Against Thebes figured in early epic.^ He denied his brother a share in the kingship of Thebes, thus provoking the expedition of the Seven against Thebes, in which he and his brother died by each other's hands.
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ AESCHYLUS: Full text of SEVEN AGAINST THEBES .
  • Myths and Legends of Ancient Greece and Rome - Page 1 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.ellopos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Evadne Evadne was the wife of Capaneus, one of the Seven Against Thebes .
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

) .As far as Oedipus is concerned, early epic accounts seem to have him continuing to rule at Thebes after the revelation that Iokaste was his mother, and subsequently marrying a second wife who becomes the mother of his children — markedly different from the tale known to us through tragedy (e.g.^ Wife of Heracles who thinking she was sending him a love potion in fact sent him a poisoned robe that led to his immolation and translation to divinity.
  • Diotima 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In more classical mythology the Titaness Tethys was the wife of her brother Oceanus and by him the mother of the 3000 Oceanids and of all the river gods.
  • Greek Goddesses 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But the one who seems more important to me was the mother of Phaethon, but if you want to learn about her you will have to check out Clymene, the Nymph .
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

.Sophocles' Oedipus the King) and later mythological accounts.^ Sophocles' "Oedipus the King") and later mythological accounts.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ SOPHOCLES: Full text of OEDIPUS KING .
  • Myths and Legends of Ancient Greece and Rome - Page 1 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.ellopos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sophocles, Oedipus the King 1264 MESSENGER: By her [Iocaste] own hand.
  • Diotima 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

[60]

Trojan War and aftermath

.
In The Rage of Achilles by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (1757, Fresco, 300 x 300 cm, Villa Valmarana, Vicenza) Achilles is outraged that Agamemnon would threaten to seize his warprize, Briseis, and he draws his sword to kill Agamemnon.
^ Briseis: Captive maiden given to Achilles; taken by Agamemnon in exchange for loss of Chryseis, which caused Achilles to cease fighting, until death of Patroclus.
  • http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0197622.html 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: General]

^ Briseis is emphatically NOT returned to the Trojans, whatever Brad Pitt might say (and she doesn't kill Agamemnon, either.
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Agamemnon promptly let her go, but demanded Achilles' concubine, Briseis, in her place.
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

The sudden appearance of the goddess Athena, who, in this fresco, has grabbed Achilles by the hair, prevents the act of violence.
For more details on this topic, see Trojan War and Epic Cycle
.Greek mythology culminates in the Trojan War, fought between the Greeks and Troy, and its aftermath.^ The first is the war between the Achaeans and Trojans.
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Greek mythology this was the name of one of the heroes who fought for the Greeks in the Trojan War.
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He also helped the Greeks during the Trojan War.

.In Homer's works the chief stories have already taken shape and substance, and individual themes were elaborated later, especially in Greek drama.^ In Homer's works the chief stories have already taken shape and substance, and individual themes were elaborated later, especially in Greek drama.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Greek Goddess The Role of Greek Women in Literature - Plato's Meno, Sophocles' Theban Plays and Homer's the Iliad This paper examines the Role of Greek Women in Literature using three profound works: Plato's Meno, Sophocles' Theban Plays, and Homer's The Iliad.

^ Greek Drama Did the Greek-Trojan War of Homer Really Happen?

.The Trojan War also elicited great interest in the Roman culture because of the story of Aeneas, a Trojan hero whose journey from Troy led to the founding of the city that would one day become Rome, as recounted in Virgil's Aeneid (Book II of Virgil's Aeneid contains the best-known account of the sack of Troy).^ He led the survivors of the Trojan war to Italy .
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He led the survivors of the Trojan war to Italy.
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Virgil's 'Aeneid', Aeneas is a Trojan warrior who founds the Roman state.
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

[61] .Finally there are two pseudo-chronicles written in Latin that passed under the names of Dictys Cretensis and Dares Phrygius.^ Finally there are two pseudo-chronicles written in Latin that passed under the names of Dictys Cretensis and Dares Phrygius .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Comaetho There were two chicks named Comaetho, both with super interesting stories, though I have to warn you, they're both sad.
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Chronicles of Dictys of Crete and Dares the Phrygian .
  • Diotima 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

[62]
.The Trojan War cycle, a collection of epic poems, starts with the events leading up to the war: Eris and the golden apple of Kallisti, the Judgement of Paris, the abduction of Helen, the sacrifice of Iphigenia at Aulis.^ The Trojan War cycle , a collection of epic poems , starts with the events leading up to the war: ( Eris and the golden apple of Kallisti , the Judgement of Paris , the abduction of Helen , the sacrifice of Iphigenia at Aulis ).
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This incident started the Trojan War, which lasted for ten years.

^ Poems from the Turkish Epic is a collection of Altaic poems a dapted by Gene Doty from Gulten Yener's prose translation.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.To recover Helen, the Greeks launched a great expedition under the overall command of Menelaus' brother, Agamemnon, king of Argos or Mycenae, but the Trojans refused to return Helen.^ In Greek mythology he was the brother of Menelaus and he led the Greek expedition to Troy to recover his brother's wife Helen.
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This was the name of a king of Argos in Greek legend.
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His father saved him and took him to the physician Chiron who taught Aesculapius about healing, he was the Roman god of medicine, his worship introduced at Rome about 291 BC. Agamemnon In Greek mythology, Agamemnon was a Greek hero of the Trojan wars, son of Atreus , king of Mycenae , and brother of Menelaus .
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Iliad, which is set in the tenth year of the war, tells of the quarrel between Agamemnon and Achilles, who was the finest Greek warrior, and the consequent deaths in battle of Achilles' cousin Patroclus and Priam's eldest son, Hector.^ The Iliad , which is set in the tenth year of the war, tells of the quarrel between Agamemnon and Achilles, who was the finest Greek warrior, and the consequent deaths in battle of Achilles' friend Patroclus and Priam's eldest son, Hector .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Greek Literature Poseidon: Greek Mythology Mythology is filled with endless stories about warriors and gods, which tell tales of quarrels and battles that went on a long time ago.

^ After Hector's death the Trojans were joined by two exotic allies, Penthesilea , queen of the Amazons , and Memnon , king of the Ethiopians and son of the dawn-goddess Eos .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After Hector's death the Trojans were joined by two exotic allies, Penthesilea, queen of the Amazons, and Memnon, king of the Ethiopians and son of the dawn-goddess Eos.^ Memnon Memnon was the son of Eos and Tithonus .
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Eos Eos was the goddess of dawn.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After Hector's death the Trojans were joined by two exotic allies, Penthesilea , queen of the Amazons , and Memnon , king of the Ethiopians and son of the dawn-goddess Eos .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[63] .Achilles killed both of these, but Paris then managed to kill Achilles with an arrow in the heel.^ Achilles killed both of these, but Paris then managed to kill Achilles with an arrow.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When Paris killed Achilles, she is said to have killed herself on her beloved's tomb.
  • Diotima 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Achilles agreed, but when he came to the temple of Apollo unarmed to talk, Priam's sons ambushed him and shot him in the heel, killing him.
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

.Achilles' heel was the only part of his body which was not invulnerable to damage by human weaponry.^ Her brothers and her father were killed by Achilles in the Trojan War, as was her husband Hector (whose body Achilles desecrated) and her son Astyanax (who was only a tiny baby).
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The bravest of the Greek heroes in the war against the Trojans, he was killed by an arrow to his heel, the only vulnerable part of his body.
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

.Before they could take Troy, the Greeks had to steal from the citadel the wooden image of Pallas Athena (the Palladium).^ Before they could take Troy, the Greeks had to steal from the citadel the wooden image of Pallas Athena (the Palladium ).
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In her grief and remorse, Athena put Pallas' name before her own.
  • Greek Goddesses 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She and her sisters were captured by the Greek forces on their way to the Trojan War, but Dionysus turned the sisters into doves so they could escape.
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

.Finally, with Athena's help, they built the Trojan Horse.^ Finally, with Athena's help, they built the Trojan Horse .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was Athena who suggested to Odysseus the idea of the Trojan Horse.

.Despite the warnings of Priam's daughter Cassandra, the Trojans were persuaded by Sinon, a Greek who feigned desertion, to take the horse inside the walls of Troy as an offering to Athena; the priest Laocoon, who tried to have the horse destroyed, was killed by sea-serpents.^ Anyway, Cassandra was the daughter of Priam.
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was Athena who suggested to Odysseus the idea of the Trojan Horse.

^ In Greek myth Cassandra was a Trojan princess, the daughter of Priam and Hecuba.
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

.At night the Greek fleet returned, and the Greeks from the horse opened the gates of Troy.^ At night the Greek fleet returned, and the Greeks from the horse opened the gates of Troy.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She was sacrificed by her father at Aulis to secure favorable winds for the Greek fleet in the expedition against Troy , on instructions from the prophet Calchas.
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ She was sacrificed by her father at Aulis to secure favorable winds for the Greek fleet in the expedition against Troy , on instructions from the prophet Calchas .
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the total sack that followed, Priam and his remaining sons were slaughtered; the Trojan women passed into slavery in various cities of Greece.^ In the total sack that followed, Priam and his remaining sons were slaughtered; the Trojan women passed into slavery in various cities of Greece.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And so he fled, with his rather immense family, to Argos - but the "evil" twin followed with his sons, and forced the Danaides into marriage.
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

.The adventurous homeward voyages of the Greek leaders (including the wanderings of Odysseus and Aeneas (the Aeneid), and the murder of Agamemnon) were told in two epics, the Returns (the lost Nostoi) and Homer's Odyssey.^ The Odyssey also by Homer, here translated by S. Butler, tells of the wanderings of Odysseus following the capture of Troy, on his way home to his family in Ithaka.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Publius Vergilius Maro wrote his sequel to Homer's epics, The Aeneid in 29 B.C.E., bringing Trojan glory to the ancient Latins in the form of Aeneas.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Homer's Odyssey & Virgil's "Aeneid" # 3 : 4 page essay discussing the actions of Odysseus in "The Odyssey" and briefly mentioning those of Aeneas in "The Aeneid."
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

[64] .The Trojan cycle also includes the adventures of the children of the Trojan generation (e.g.^ The Trojan cycle also includes the adventures of the children of the Trojan generation (e.g.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Geometric designs on pottery of the 8th century BC depict scenes from the Trojan cycle, as well as the adventures of Heracles.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Geometric designs on pottery of the 8th century BCE depict scenes from the Trojan cycle as well as the adventures of Heracles .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Orestes and Telemachus).[63]
.
El Greco was inspired in his Laocoon (1608–1614, oil on canvas, 142 x 193 cm, National Gallery of Art, Washington) by the famous myth of the Trojan cycle.
^ In the Light of Apollo National Art Gallery, Athens 'Hellenic Renaissance': the role of Greece in the Italian Renaissance.
  • Ancient Greek Mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC greekmyth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Laocoon was a Trojan priest who tried to have the Trojan horse destroyed, but was killed by sea-serpents.
.The Trojan War provided a variety of themes and became a main source of inspiration for Ancient Greek artists (e.g.^ The Trojan War provided a variety of themes and became a main source of inspiration for Ancient Greek artists (e.g.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The oldest known Greek literary sources, the epic poems Iliad and Odyssey , focus on events surrounding the Trojan War .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ajax In Greek mythology, Ajax was son of Telamon, king of Salamis, he was second only to Achilles among the Greek heroes in the Trojan War.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

.metopes on the Parthenon depicting the sack of Troy); this artistic preference for themes deriving from the Trojan Cycle indicates its importance to the Ancient Greek civilization.^ Parthenon depicting the sack of Troy); this artistic preference for themes deriving from the Trojan Cycle indicates its importance for the Ancient Greek civilization.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Poets and artists from ancient times to the present have derived inspiration from Greek mythology and have discovered contemporary significance and relevance in classical mythological themes.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ARISTODEMOS m Ancient Greek, Greek Mythology Derived from the Greek elements aristos "best" and demos "the people".
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

[64] .The same mythological cycle also inspired a series of posterior European literary writings.^ The same mythological cycle also inspired a series of posterior European literary writings.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For instance, Trojan Medieval European writers, unacquainted with Homer at first hand, found in the Troy legend a rich source of heroic and romantic storytelling and a convenient framework into which to fit their own courtly and chivalric ideals.^ For instance, Trojan Medieval European writers, unacquainted with Homer at first hand, found in the Troy legend a rich source of heroic and romantic storytelling and a convenient framework into which to fit their own courtly and chivalric ideals.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Each character was undeniably heroic and each based their standards of behavior on ideals much larger than their own individuality.
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The last and greatest of the heroic legends is the stories of the Trojan War and after (regarded by some researchers as a separate fourth period).
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.12th century authors, such as Benoît de Sainte-Maure (Roman de Troie [Romance of Troy, 1154–60]) and Joseph of Exeter (De Bello Troiano [On the Trojan War, 1183]) describe the war while rewriting the standard version they found in Dictys and Dares.^ Many Greek authors and texts are to be found (Greek & English versions) on Perseus .
  • Ancient Greek Mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC greekmyth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They were in the middle of their love affair when the Trojan War commenced, and Demophon went off to join the effort.
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Roman mythology Evander was an Arcadian hero of the Trojan war who founded the city of Pallantium near the spot where Rome was later built.
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

.They thus follow Horace's advice and Virgil's example: they rewrite a poem of Troy instead of telling something completely new.^ They thus follow Horace 's advice and Virgil's example: they rewrite a poem of Troy instead of telling something completely new.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[65]

Greek and Roman conceptions of myth

.Mythology was at the heart of everyday life in Ancient Greece.^ This is a supernatural being in the mythology of ancient Greece.
  • Mythology @ FreshCaffeine.com: Greek Archives 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC myths.freshcaffeine.com [Source type: General]

^ Secret Love Greek Mythology: Fun Facts About Ares In ancient Greece, Ares invoked everything that encompasses war.

^ Greek Mythology The Cycle of Life and Death in Greek Mythology In ancient Greek mythology, the cycle of life and death and the hope for a serene afterlife are encapsulated in the myth of the goddess Persephone.

[66] .Greeks regarded mythology as a part of their history.^ Greeks regarded mythology as a part of their history.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Greek History Highlights of Greek Mythology: The Scandalous Sex Life of Zeus The amorous conquests, infidelities, and sexual escapades of Zeus were notorious in the ancient world.

^ Chryse In Greek mythology, Chryse was a warlike goddess of the metal gold, in its refinement and all that is regarded as having great value.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

.They used myth to explain natural phenomena, cultural variations, traditional enmities and friendships.^ They used myth to explain natural phenomena, cultural variations, traditional enmities and friendships.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are alternate versions of this myth, but they all involve turning to stone or going insane (that variant involves Athena 's not-quite-adopted son Erechthonius).
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Myth, stories etc are the words we use to describe a family of > accounts whose truth, to the extend that you think they are, is so > categorically different from the 'correspondence truth" of science.
  • Vedic Mythology - talk.origins | Google Groups 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.It was a source of pride to be able to trace one's leaders' descent from a mythological hero or a god.^ It was a source of pride to be able to trace one's leaders' descent from a mythological hero or a god.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Greek myth explains the origins of the world and details the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, heroines , and other mythological creatures .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to one story, she resigned as cupbearer to the gods upon her marriage to the hero Heracles, who had just been deified.
  • Greek Goddesses 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

.Few ever doubted that there was truth behind the account of the Trojan War in the Iliad and Odyssey.^ Few ever doubted that there was truth behind the account of the Trojan War in the Iliad and Odyssey .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The oldest known Greek literary sources, the epic poems Iliad and Odyssey , focus on events surrounding the Trojan War .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In between the Argo and the Trojan War, there was a generation known chiefly for its horrific crimes.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.According to Victor Davis Hanson, a military historian, columnist, political essayist and former Classics professor, and John Heath, associate professor of Classics at Santa Clara University, the profound knowledge of the Homeric epos was deemed by the Greeks the basis of their acculturation.^ According to Homer, Aphrodite intervened when the Greek hero Diomedes had been on the verge of killing Aeneas.

^ Professor Ruth Webb, also at Princeton, has a comprehensive site on the characters in Greek mythology for her Classics Course CLA 212 Mythology Home Page .
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Homer was the "education of Greece" (Ἑλλάδος παίδευσις), and his poetry "the Book".[67]

Philosophy and myth

.After the rise of philosophy, history, prose and rationalism in the late 5th century BC, the fate of myth became uncertain, and mythological genealogies gave place to a conception of history which tried to exclude the supernatural (such as the Thucydidean history).^ After the rise of philosophy, and history, prose and rationalism in the late 5th century BC the fate of myth became uncertain, and mythological genealogies gave place to a conception of history which tried to exclude the supernatural (such as the Thucydidean history).
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^ Franchthi Cave, the Argolid 17,000 years of Greek pre-history from the palaeolithic to the late neolithic, 20,000 - 3,000 BC .
  • Ancient Greek Mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC greekmyth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tektas Burnu Shipwreck reports on the underwater excavation of a 5th century BC Aegean shipwreck by Texas A&M's George Bass .
  • Ancient Greek Mythology 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC greekmyth.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[68] .While poets and dramatists were reworking the myths, Greek historians and philosophers were beginning to criticize them.^ Greek Myths John Updike Wrote More Than At the A&P John Updike's story "At the A&P," written more than fifty years ago, is often required reading but can be the beginning of a lifetime habit.

[6]
Raphael's Plato in The School of Athens fresco (probably in the likeness of Leonardo da Vinci). The philosopher expelled the study of Homer, of the tragedies and of the related mythological traditions from his utopian Republic.
.A few radical philosophers like Xenophanes of Colophon were already beginning to label the poets' tales as blasphemous lies in the 6th century BC; Xenophanes had complained that Homer and Hesiod attributed to the gods "all that is shameful and disgraceful among men; they steal, commit adultery, and deceive one another".[69] This line of thought found its most sweeping expression in Plato's Republic and Laws.^ This line of thought found its most sweeping expression in Plato 's Republic and Laws .
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^ A few radical philosophers like Xenophanes of Colophon were already beginning to label the poets' tales as blasphemous lies in the 6th century BC; Xenophanes had complained that Homer and Hesiod attributed to the gods "all that is shameful and disgraceful among men; they steal, commit adultery, and deceive one another".
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Plato created his own allegorical myths (such as the vision of Er in the Republic ), attacked the traditional tales of the gods' tricks, thefts and adulteries as immoral, and objected to their central role in literature.
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.Plato created his own allegorical myths (such as the vision of Er in the Republic), attacked the traditional tales of the gods' tricks, thefts and adulteries as immoral, and objected to their central role in literature.^ Plato created his own allegorical myths (such as the vision of Er in the Republic ), attacked the traditional tales of the gods' tricks, thefts and adulteries as immoral, and objected to their central role in literature.
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^ This occurred because the Romans had little mythology of their own and inheritance of the Greek mythological tradition caused the major Roman gods to adopt characteristics of their Greek equivalents.
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^ Angayuqaq Oscar Kawagley presents Yupiaq Education Revisited , a page which includes information on the traditional beliefs and myths of the Yupiaq Eskimos, including a tale of the "Two Brothers".
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6] .Plato's criticism was the first serious challenge to the Homeric mythological tradition,[67] referring to the myths as "old wives' chatter".[70] For his part Aristotle criticized the Pre-socratic quasi-mythical philosophical approach and underscored that "Hesiod and the theological writers were concerned only with what seemed plausible to themselves, and had no respect for us ...^ Plato's criticism was the first serious challenge to the Homeric mythological tradition, referring to the myths as "old wives' chatter".
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^ For his part Aristotle criticized the Pre-socratic quasi-mythical philosophical approach and underscored that "Hesiod and the theological writers were concerned only with what seemed plausible to themselves, and had no respect for us [...
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^ The writer demonstrates how this climatic scene answers the theological and philosophical questions of the play and how they related to Greek society.
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

But it is not worth taking seriously writers who show off in the mythical style; as for those who do proceed by proving their assertions, we must cross-examine them".[68]
Nevertheless, even Plato did not manage to wean himself and his society from the influence of myth; his own characterization for Socrates is based on the traditional Homeric and tragic patterns, used by the philosopher to praise the righteous life of his teacher:[71]
.But perhaps someone might say: "Are you then not ashamed, Socrates, of having followed such a pursuit, that you are now in danger of being put to death as a result?"^ If you were hard as iron still you would Be driven to say, 'Not in this way, Phyllis, Should you have followed me to this place.'
  • Diotima 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You will be the cause of my dying; my tomb Will have the following inscription: 'Demophoon killed Phyllis: a guest, he stole love and by his theft caused the death that came from her hand.'
  • Diotima 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ She was to be married only to someone who could outrun her in a race, the consequence of failure being death.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

.But I should make to him a just reply: "You do not speak well, Sir, if you think a man in whom there is even a little merit ought to consider danger of life or death, and not rather regard this only, when he does things, whether the things he does are right or wrong and the acts of a good or a bad man.^ But I should make to him a just reply: "You do not speak well, Sir, if you think a man in whom there is even a little merit ought to consider danger of life or death, and not rather regard this only, when he does things, whether the things he does are right or wrong and the acts of a good or a bad man.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Greek History Five Common Myths About the Middle East When you think of the Middle East, first thing that might come to mind may be Islam, terrorism, danger, or maybe even Jesus.

^ Leto For someone in so many myths you'd think there'd be more about her!
  • Greek Goddesses 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

For according to your argument all the demigods would be bad who died at Troy, including the son of Thetis, who so despised danger, in comparison with enduring any disgrace, that when his mother (and she was a goddess) said to him, as he was eager to slay Hector, something like this, I believe,
My son, if you avenge the death of your friend .Patroclus and kill Hector, you yourself shall die; for straightway, after Hector, is death appointed unto you.^ For according to your argument all the demigods would be bad who died at Troy, including the son of Thetis , who so despised danger, in comparison with enduring any disgrace, that when his mother (and she was a goddess) said to him, as he was eager to slay Hector, something like this, I believe, My son, if you avenge the death of your friend Patroclus and kill Hector, you yourself shall die; for straightway, after Hector, is death appointed unto you (Hom.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You will be the cause of my dying; my tomb Will have the following inscription: 'Demophoon killed Phyllis: a guest, he stole love and by his theft caused the death that came from her hand.'
  • Diotima 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When the day appointed for his death came, since neither his father nor his mother wished to die for him, Alcestis died in his stead.
  • Diotima 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

(Hom. Il. 18.96)
he, when he heard this, made light of death and danger, and feared much more to live as a coward and not to avenge his friends, and said,
Straightway may I die, after doing vengeance upon the wrongdoer, that I may not stay here, jeered at beside the curved ships, a burden of the earth.
.Hanson and Heath estimate that Plato's rejection of the Homeric tradition was not favorably received by the grassroots Greek civilization.^ Hanson and Heath estimate that Plato's rejection of the Homeric tradition was not favorably received by the grassroots Greek civilization.
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^ Plato's criticism was the first serious challenge to the Homeric mythological tradition, referring to the myths as "old wives' chatter".
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Greek Goddess The Role of Greek Women in Literature - Plato's Meno, Sophocles' Theban Plays and Homer's the Iliad This paper examines the Role of Greek Women in Literature using three profound works: Plato's Meno, Sophocles' Theban Plays, and Homer's The Iliad.

[67] .The old myths were kept alive in local cults; they continued to influence poetry and to form the main subject of painting and sculpture.^ The old myths were kept alive in local cults; they continued to influence poetry, and to form the main subject of painting and sculpture.
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^ When these gods were called upon in poetry, prayer or cult, they are referred to by a combination of their name and epithets , that identify them by these distinctions from other manifestations of themselves (e.g.
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[68]
.More sportingly, the 5th century BC tragedian Euripides often played with the old traditions, mocking them, and through the voice of his characters injecting notes of doubt.^ More sportingly, the 5th century BC tragedian Euripides often played with the old traditions, mocking them, and through the voice of his characters injecting notes of doubt.
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^ One of these scraps, the Derveni Papyrus now proves that at least in the 5th century BC a theogonic-cosmogonic poem of Orpheus was in existence.
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^ The writer focuses on plays by Aeschylus, Euripides and Homer, and on the characters Agamemnon, Clytemnestra, Odysseus, Calypso, and Helen.
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

.Yet the subjects of his plays were taken, without exception, from myth.^ Yet the subjects of his plays were taken, without exception, from myth.
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.Many of these plays were written in answer to a predecessor's version of the same or similar myth.^ Greek Plays Goethe's Prometheus and Schubert's Setting Greek mythology bestows upon us numerous stories that many find appealing, such as the Prometheus myth.

.Euripides mainly impugns the myths about the gods and begins his critique with an objection similar to the one previously expressed by Xenocrates: the gods, as traditionally represented, are far too crassly anthropomorphic.^ Euripides impugns mainly the myths about the gods and begins his critique with an objection similar to the one previously expressed by Xenocrates: the gods, as traditionally represented, are far too crassly anthropomorphic .
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^ One story about her is that while Odysseus was away (yes, he was being kept away by Calypso and some other gods) everyone thought Odysseus was dead, and were trying to get Penelope to remarry.
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Reptiles Great Flood Myths: Different Cultures Have Similar Myths A look at how almost every culture on earth has a story about a great flood.

[69]

Hellenistic and Roman rationalism

.During the Hellenistic period, mythology took on the prestige of elite knowledge that marks its possessors as belonging to a certain class.^ During the Hellenistic period , mythology took on the prestige of elite knowledge that marks its possessors as belonging to a certain class.
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.At the same time, the skeptical turn of the Classical age became even more pronounced.^ At the same time, the skeptical turn of the Classical age became even more pronounced.
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^ Rationalizing hermeneutics of myth became even more popular under the Roman Empire , thanks to the physicalist theories of Stoic and Epicurean philosophy.
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^ While the age of gods has often been of more interest to contemporary students of myth, the Greek authors of the archaic and classical eras had a clear preference for the age of heroes.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[72] .Greek mythographer Euhemerus established the tradition of seeking an actual historical basis for mythical beings and events.^ Greek mythographer Euhemerus established the tradition of seeking an actual historical basis for mythical beings and events.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[73] .Although his original work (Sacred Scriptures) is lost, much is known about it from what is recorded by Diodorus and Lactantius.^ Although his original work ( Sacred Scriptures ) is lost, much is known about it from what is recorded by Diodorus and Lactantius .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also known as Edda Saemundar and as the Elder Edda, the oldest written copy of this work dates to 1270 in Iceland, about 30 years after the publication of Snorri Sturlason's Prose Edda.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[74]
Cicero saw himself as the defender of the established order, despite his personal skepticism with regard to myth and his inclination towards more philosophical conceptions of divinity.
.Rationalizing hermeneutics of myth became even more popular under the Roman Empire, thanks to the physicalist theories of Stoic and Epicurean philosophy.^ This is actually Roman Mythology, but thanks to Caitlin Periou, an exception has been made and her story can be found in the Myth Pages .
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Roman Empire The Canon of Humanity: Mythology and Symbols in Art and Literature The endurance of myths in our cultural lives.

^ Greek Mythology Roman Mythology: The Aeneid as Seen in the Work of Bernini There are many myths about the founding of the Roman Empire.

.Stoics presented explanations of the gods and heroes as physical phenomena, while the Euhemerists rationalized them as historical figures.^ Stoics presented explanations of the gods and heroes as physical phenomena, while the euhemerists rationalized them as historical figures.
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^ Global Hindu Electronic Networks presents God in Hindu Dharma and Representation in Temples , which describes and provides images of a number of Deities and heroes and also maintains an article from "Hinduism Today" on "God and Gods of Hinduism".
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Richard McLaughlin's Mythology Notes present descriptions of gods, summaries of myths, and some historical material on the mythologies of the Ancient Near East, Persia, Scandinavia, and the Celts.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the same time, the Stoics and the Neoplatonists promoted the moral significations of the mythological tradition, often based on Greek etymologies.^ At the same time, the Stoics and the Neoplatonists promoted the moral significations of the mythological tradition, often based on Greek etymologies.
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^ This occurred because the Romans had little mythology of their own and inheritance of the Greek mythological tradition caused the major Roman gods to adopt characteristics of their Greek equivalents.
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^ Alexandrian poets at first, then more generally literary mythographers in the early Roman Empire, often adapted stories of Greek mythological characters.
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[75] .Through his Epicurean message, Lucretius had sought to expel superstitious fears from the minds of his fellow-citizens.^ Through his Epicurean message, Lucretius had sought to expel superstitious fears from the minds of his fellow-citizens.
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[76] .Livy, too, is skeptical about the mythological tradition and claims that he does not intend to pass judgement on such legends (fabulae).^ Livy , too, is sceptical about the mythological tradition and claims that he does not intend to pass judgement on such legends (fabulae).
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[77] .The challenge for Romans with a strong and apologetic sense of religious tradition was to defend that tradition while conceding that it was often a breeding-ground for superstition.^ The challenge for Romans with a strong and apologetic sense of religious tradition was to defend that tradition while conceding that it was often a breeding-ground for superstition.
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.The antiquarian Varro, who regarded religion as a human institution with great importance for the preservation of good in society, devoted rigorous study to the origins of religious cults.^ The antiquarian Varro , who regarded religion as a human institution with great importance for the preservation of good in society, devoted rigorous study to the origins of religious cults.
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^ Cicero is also generally disdainful of myth, but, like Varro, he is emphatic in his support for the state religion and its institutions.
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.In his Antiquitates Rerum Divinarum (which has not survived, but Augustine's City of God indicates its general approach) Varro argues that whereas the superstitious man fears the gods, the truly religious person venerates them as parents.^ In his Antiquitates Rerum Divinarum (which has not survived, but Augustine 's City of God indicates its general approach) Varro argues that whereas the superstitious man fears the gods, the truly religious person venerates them as parents.
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[76] In his work he distinguished three kinds of gods:
  1. The gods of nature: personifications of phenomena like rain and fire.
  2. The gods of the poets: invented by unscrupulous bards to stir the passions.
  3. The gods of the city: invented by wise legislators to soothe and enlighten the populace.
.Roman Academic Cotta ridicules both literal and allegorical acceptance of myth, declaring roundly that myths have no place in philosophy.^ Roman Academic Cotta ridicules both literal and allegorical acceptance of myth, declaring roundly that myths have no place in philosophy.
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^ Rationalizing hermeneutics of myth became even more popular under the Roman Empire , thanks to the physicalist theories of Stoic and Epicurean philosophy.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[78] .Cicero is also generally disdainful of myth, but, like Varro, he is emphatic in his support for the state religion and its institutions.^ Cicero is also generally disdainful of myth, but, like Varro, he is emphatic in his support for the state religion and its institutions.
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^ The antiquarian Varro , who regarded religion as a human institution with great importance for the preservation of good in society, devoted rigorous study to the origins of religious cults.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ B'se > > > > > it looks like the author is calling them, myth on his own accord > > > > > B'se based on these, Religions texts have been termed myth and > > > > > mythology.
  • Vedic Mythology - talk.origins | Google Groups 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: Original source]

.It is difficult to know how far down the social scale this rationalism extended.^ It is difficult to know how far down the social scale this rationalism extended.
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[77] .Cicero asserts that no one (not even old women and boys) is so foolish as to believe in the terrors of Hades or the existence of Scyllas, centaurs or other composite creatures,[79] but, on the other hand, the orator elsewhere complains of the superstitious and credulous character of the people.^ Cicero asserts that no one (not even old women and boys) is so foolish as to believe in the terrors of Hades or the existence of Scyllas , centaurs or other composite creatures, but, on the other hand, the orator elsewhere complains of the superstitious and credulous character of the people.
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^ Indian mythology, on the other hand, utilizes the poor treatment of women in a slightly more domestic manner without the severity of physical harm so prevalent in Western mythology.
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are other education systems other than the western, we do not treat old truth this way even if its traces in history are lost.
  • Vedic Mythology - talk.origins | Google Groups 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: Original source]

[80] .De Natura Deorum is the most comprehensive summary of Cicero's line of thought.^ De Natura Deorum is the most comprehensive summary of Cicero's line of thought.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This line of thought found its most sweeping expression in Plato 's Republic and Laws .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[81]

Syncretizing trends

.
In Roman religion the worship of the Greek god Apollo (early Imperial Roman copy of a fourth century Greek original, Louvre Museum) was combined with the cult of Sol Invictus.
^ Hymen Hymen was the Greek and Roman god of marriage.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Asiatic divinities Mithras (that is to say, the Sun) and Ba'al were combined with Apollo and Helios into one Sol Invictus , with conglomerated rites and compound attributes.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Apollo In Greek and Roman mythology, Apollo was the god of the sun , music, poetry, prophecy, agriculture, and pastoral life, and leader of the Muses .
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]

The worship of Sol as special protector of the emperors and of the empire remained the chief imperial religion until it was replaced by Christianity.
.In Ancient Roman times, a new Roman mythology was born through syncretization of numerous Greek and other foreign gods.^ Hymen Hymen was the Greek and Roman god of marriage.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Roman mythology is much like Greek mythology.
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hebrus In Greek mythology, Hebrus was a river god.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

.This occurred because the Romans had little mythology of their own and inheritance of the Greek mythological tradition caused the major Roman gods to adopt characteristics of their Greek equivalents.^ This occurred because the Romans had little mythology of their own and inheritance of the Greek mythological tradition caused the major Roman gods to adopt characteristics of their Greek equivalents.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hymen Hymen was the Greek and Roman god of marriage.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Roman mythology her equivalent was Felicitas.
  • Greek Goddesses 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

[77] .The gods Zeus and Jupiter are an example of this mythological overlap.^ The gods Zeus and Jupiter are an example of this mythological overlap.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jupiter Jupiter was the Roman name for the Greek god Zeus .
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ THe most usual is that she was a Lybian Queen loved by the king of the gods ZEUS / JUPITER .
  • Mythology @ FreshCaffeine.com: Greek Archives 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC myths.freshcaffeine.com [Source type: General]

.In addition to the combination of the two mythological traditions, the association of the Romans with eastern religions led to further syncretizations.^ In addition to the combination of the two mythological traditions, the association of the Romans with eastern religions led to further syncretizations.
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^ This occurred because the Romans had little mythology of their own and inheritance of the Greek mythological tradition caused the major Roman gods to adopt characteristics of their Greek equivalents.
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[82] .For instance, the cult of Sun was introduced in Rome after Aurelian's successful campaigns in Syria.^ For instance, the cult of Sun was introduced in Rome after Aurelian 's successful campaigns in Syria .
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.The Asiatic divinities Mithras (that is to say, the Sun) and Ba'al were combined with Apollo and Helios into one Sol Invictus, with conglomerated rites and compound attributes.^ The Asiatic divinities Mithras (that is to say, the Sun) and Ba'al were combined with Apollo and Helios into one Sol Invictus , with conglomerated rites and compound attributes.
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^ LAMPON, whose name means "Shining Lamp", is one of a team of Horses of the Sun that pulled the golden chariot that HEPHAESTUS had made for the Sun God, HELIOS .
  • Mythology @ FreshCaffeine.com: Greek Archives 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC myths.freshcaffeine.com [Source type: General]

[83] .Apollo might be increasingly identified in religion with Helios or even Dionysus, but texts retelling his myths seldom reflected such developments.^ Apollo might be increasingly identified in religion with Helios or even Dionysus, but texts retelling his myths seldom reflected such developments.
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^ Macdonell, Arthur Anthony calls Vedas and other religions Hindu text > > > > > myth and stories on this own accord.
  • Vedic Mythology - talk.origins | Google Groups 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC groups.google.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some deities, such as Apollo and Dionysus , revealed complex personalities and mixtures of functions, while others, such as Hestia (literally "hearth") and Helios (literally "sun"), were little more than personifications.
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.The traditional literary mythology was increasingly dissociated from actual religious practice.^ The traditional literary mythology was increasingly dissociated from actual religious practice.
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.The surviving 2nd century collection of Orphic Hymns and Macrobius's Saturnalia are influenced by the theories of rationalism and the syncretizing trends as well.^ The surviving 2nd century collection of Orphic Hymns and Macrobius 's Saturnalia are influenced by the theories of rationalism and the syncretizing trends as well.
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.The Orphic Hymns are a set of pre-classical poetic compositions, attributed to Orpheus, himself the subject of a renowned myth.^ The Orphic Hymns are a set of pre-classical poetic compositions, attributed to Orpheus, himself the subject of a renowned myth.
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^ Publius Ovidius Naso composed his poetic retellings of Classical Myths sometime during his lifetime of 43 B.C.E. to 18 C.E. Norse/Teutonic .
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.In reality, these poems were probably composed by several different poets, and contain a rich set of clues about prehistoric European mythology.^ Handan Oz's Turkish Mythology page contains Turkish myths (mostly in Turkish) as well as myths set in Turkey (mostly Greek and written in English).
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^ While primarily a neo-pagan site, it also contains information about the Greek deities and mythology related links.
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^ Agdistis Agdistis was a totally awesome figure in mythology, and I'll probably move her to the goddess section soon, because she's really not so monstrous.
  • Greek Goddesses 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

[84] .The stated purpose of the Saturnalia is to transmit the Hellenic culture Macrobius has derived from his reading, even though much of his treatment of gods is colored by Egyptian and North African mythology and theology (which also affect the interpretation of Virgil).^ The stated purpose of the Saturnalia is to transmit the Hellenic culture he has derived from his reading, even though much of his treatment of gods is colored by Egyptian and North African mythology and theology (which also affect the interpretation of Virgil).
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^ In Egyptian mythology he was originally a god of the wind and the air.
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

^ EVADNE f Greek Mythology Meaning unknown, though the first element is likely derived from Greek eu "good".
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

.In Saturnalia reappear mythographical comments influenced by the Euhemerists, the Stoics and the Neoplatonists.^ In Saturnalia reappear mythographical comments influenced by the euhemerists, the Stoics and the Neoplatonists.
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[75]

Modern interpretations

.The genesis of modern understanding of Greek mythology is regarded by some scholars as a double reaction at the end of the eighteenth century against "the traditional attitude of Christian animosity", in which the Christian reinterpretation of myth as a "lie" or fable had been retained.^ Greeks regarded mythology as a part of their history.
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^ The genesis of modern understanding of Greek mythology is regarded by some scholars as a double reaction at the end of the eighteenth century against "the traditional attitude of Christian animosity", in which the Christian reinterpretation of myth as a "lie" or fable had been retained.
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^ Although during the Enlightenment of the 18th century reaction against Greek myth spread throughout Europe, the myths continued to provide an important source of raw material for dramatists, including those who wrote the libretti for many of Handel 's and Mozart 's operas.
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[85] .In Germany, by about 1795, there was a growing interest in Homer and Greek mythology.^ In Germany, by about 1795, there was a growing interest in Homer and Greek mythology.
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^ There are various modern theories about the origins of Greek mythology.
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^ DANA f Greek Mythology From Danaos , a word used by Homer to designate the Greeks.
  • GREEK MYTHOLOGY NAMES 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.freewebs.com [Source type: Original source]

.In Göttingen, Johann Matthias Gesner began to revive Greek studies, while his successor, Christian Gottlob Heyne, worked with Johann Joachim Winckelmann, and laid the foundations for mythological research both in Germany and elsewhere.^ In Göttingen Johann Matthias Gesner began to revive Greek studies, while his successor, Christian Gottlob Heyne , worked with Johann Joachim Winckelmann , and laid the foundations for mythological research both in Germany and elsewhere.
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^ Racine in France and Goethe in Germany revived Greek drama, reworking the ancient myths.
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[86]

Comparative and psychoanalytic approaches

.
Max Müller is regarded as one of the founders of comparative mythology.
^ Gregory Nagy regards "the larger Homeric Hymns as simple preludes (compared with Theogony ), each of which invokes one god".
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^ Max Müller applied the new science of comparative mythology to the study of myth, in which he detected the distorted remains of Aryan nature worship .
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^ The treatment of women in Indian mythology compared with that of Greek and Roman mythology proves to be not all that different from one another.
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

In his Comparative Mythology (1867) Müller analysed the "disturbing" similarity between the mythologies of "savage races" with those of the early Europeans.
.The development of comparative philology in the 19th century, together with ethnological discoveries in the 20th century, established the science of myth.^ The development of comparative philology in the 19th century, together with ethnological discoveries in the 20th century, established the science of myth.
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^ Max Müller applied the new science of comparative mythology to the study of myth, in which he detected the distorted remains of Aryan nature worship .
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^ American authors of the 19th century, such as Thomas Bulfinch and Nathaniel Hawthorne , held that the study of the classical myths was essential to the understanding of English and American literature.
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.Since the Romantics, all study of myth has been comparative.^ Since the Romantics, all study of myth has been comparative.
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^ Max Müller applied the new science of comparative mythology to the study of myth, in which he detected the distorted remains of Aryan nature worship .
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^ Compares the Indian creation myth "'Rig-Veda X, cxxix: 'In the Beginning'" with Genesis, Chaper I. Excellent for those studying mythology, religion, philosophy, Western Civ.
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

.Wilhelm Mannhardt, Sir James Frazer, and Stith Thompson employed the comparative approach to collect and classify the themes of folklore and mythology.^ Wilhelm Mannhardt , Sir James Frazer , and Stith Thompson employed the comparative approach to collect and classify the themes of folklore and mythology.
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^ (Broken Link 2/10/2002) Zephyr Lion presents this collection of Tidbits of Cat Mythology and Folklore .
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^ Excerpts from the mythology related writings of James Frazer , author of The Golden Bough.
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[87] In 1871 Edward Burnett Tylor published his Primitive Culture, in which he applied the comparative method and tried to explain the origin and evolution of religion.[88] .Tylor's procedure of drawing together material culture, ritual and myth of widely separated cultures influenced both Carl Jung and Joseph Campbell.^ Luminara's Web of Mythtery contains both short format entries on a number of deities, organized by culture, as well as a number of brief essays on myth related subjects.
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.Max Müller applied the new science of comparative mythology to the study of myth, in which he detected the distorted remains of Aryan nature worship.^ Max Müller applied the new science of comparative mythology to the study of myth, in which he detected the distorted remains of Aryan nature worship .
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^ In 1872, John Fiske wrote a "somewhat rambling and unsystematic series of papers" entitled Myths and Mythmakers: Old Tales and Superstitions Interpreted by Comparative Mythology .
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^ Since the Romantics, all study of myth has been comparative.
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Bronisław Malinowski emphasized the ways myth fulfills common social functions. .Claude Lévi-Strauss and other structuralists have compared the formal relations and patterns in myths throughout the world.^ Claude Lévi-Strauss and other structuralists have compared the formal relations and patterns in myths throughout the world.
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^ Greek myth explains the origins of the world and details the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, heroines , and other mythological creatures .
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[87]
For Karl Kerényi mythology is "a body of material contained in tales about gods and god-like beings, heroic battles and journeys to the Underworld—mythologem is the best Greek word for them—tales already well-known but not amenable to further re-shaping".[89]
.Sigmund Freud introduced a transhistorical and biological conception of man and a view of myth as an expression of repressed ideas.^ Sigmund Freud introduced a transhistorical and biological conception of man and a view of myth as an expression of repressed ideas.
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^ Dream interpretation is the basis of Freudian myth interpretation and Freud's concept of dreamwork recognizes the importance of contextual relationships for the interpretation of any individual element in a dream.
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.Dream interpretation is the basis of Freudian myth interpretation and Freud's concept of dreamwork recognizes the importance of contextual relationships for the interpretation of any individual element in a dream.^ Dream interpretation is the basis of Freudian myth interpretation and Freud's concept of dreamwork recognizes the importance of contextual relationships for the interpretation of any individual element in a dream.
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^ Sigmund Freud introduced a transhistorical and biological conception of man and a view of myth as an expression of repressed ideas.
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.This suggestion would find an important point of rapprochment between the structuralist and psychoanalytic approaches to myth in Freud's thought.^ This suggestion would find an important point of rapprochment between the structuralist and psychoanalytic approaches to myth in Freud's thought.
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[90] Carl Jung extended the transhistorical, psychological approach with his theory of the "collective unconscious" and the archetypes (inherited "archaic" patterns), often encoded in myth, that arise out of it.[2] .According to Jung, "myth-forming structural elements must be present in the unconscious psyche".[91] Comparing Jung's methodology with Joseph Campbell's theory, Robert A. Segal concludes that "to interpret a myth Campbell simply identifies the archetypes in it.^ According to Jung, "myth-forming structural elements must be present in the unconscious psyche".
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^ Comparing Jung's methodology with Joseph Campbell 's theory, Robert A. Segal concludes that "to interpret a myth Campbell simply identifies the archetypes in it.
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^ Joseph Campbell & Michael J. Harner / Ritual Compared : A 5 page paper comparing and contrasting the ideas of these two theorists about the function and importance of ritual.
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

.An interpretation of the Odyssey, for example, would show how Odysseus’s life conforms to a heroic pattern.^ An interpretation of the Odyssey , for example, would show how Odysseus’s life conforms to a heroic pattern.
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^ Homer’s "The Odyssey" / Odysseus’ Refusal To Become Immortal : A 5 page essay on Homer’s The Odyssey , and particularly why Odysseus would refuse to become immortal.
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Heroism & Violence in Gilgamesh and the Odyssey : In this 6 page essay, the writer argues that Odysseus (from "The Odyssey") and Gilgamesh (from "The Epic of Gilgamesh") were both heroes in the classic, definitive sense.
  • Essays on Greek Mythology ! Roman Mythology ! All Mythology ! Essays ! 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.12000papers.com [Source type: Original source]

.Jung, by contrast, considers the identification of archetypes merely the first step in the interpretation of a myth".[92] Karl Kerényi, one of the founders of modern studies in Greek mythology, gave up his early views of myth, in order to apply Jung's theories of archetypes to Greek myth.^ Karl Kerenyi , one of the founders of modern studies in Greek mythology, gave up his early views of myth, in order to apply Jung's theories of archetypes to Greek myth.
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^ There are various modern theories about the origins of Greek mythology.
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^ Jung, by contrast, considers the identification of archetypes merely the first step in the interpretation of a myth".
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[93]

Origin theories

Jupiter et Thétis by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, 1811.
.There are various modern theories about the origins of Greek mythology.^ There are various modern theories about the origins of Greek mythology.
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^ Elysium In Greek mythology, Elysium was originally another name for the Islands of the Blessed, to which favored heroes were sent by the gods to enjoy a life after death.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ganymeda She was the original cupbearer to the Gods in Greek Mythology.
  • Greek Goddesses 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

According to the Scriptural Theory, all mythological legends are derived from the narratives of the Scriptures, although the real facts have been disguised and altered.[94] .According to the Historical Theory all the persons mentioned in mythology were once real human beings, and the legends relating to them are merely the additions of later times.^ According to the Historical Theory all the persons mentioned in mythology were once real human beings, and the legends relating to them are merely the additions of later times.
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^ According to the Scriptural Theory, all mythological legends are derived from the narratives of the Scriptures , although the real facts have been disguised and altered.
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^ Part of Glen Welker's site mentioned above concerns the Indigenous People of Mexico and relates some of the legends of the Aztecs.
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.Thus the story of Aeolus is supposed to have arisen from the fact that Aeolus was the ruler of some islands in the Tyrrhenian Sea.^ Thus the story of Aeolus is supposed to have risen from the fact that Aeolus was the ruler of some islands in the Tyrrhenian Sea .
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^ The Lore of the Orkney Islands collects a number of essays and stories about odd things from the land to the sea.
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[95] .The Allegorical Theory supposes that all the ancient myths were allegorical and symbolical; while the Physical Theory subscribed to the idea that the elements of air, fire, and water were originally the objects of religious adoration, thus the principal gods were personifications of these powers of nature.^ The Allegorical Theory supposes that all the ancient myths were allegorical and symbolical.
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^ While the Physical Theory subscribed to the idea that the elements of air, fire, and water were originally the objects of religious adoration, thus the principal deities were personifications of these powers of nature.
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^ Plato created his own allegorical myths (such as the vision of Er in the Republic ), attacked the traditional tales of the gods' tricks, thefts and adulteries as immoral, and objected to their central role in literature.
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[96] .Max Müller attempted to understand an Indo-European religious form by tracing it back to its Aryan, "original" manifestation.^ Max Müller attempted to understand an Indo-European religious form by tracing it back to its Aryan , "original" manifestation.
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^ Max Müller applied the new science of comparative mythology to the study of myth, in which he detected the distorted remains of Aryan nature worship .
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.In 1891, he claimed that "the most important discovery which has been made during the nineteenth century with respect to the ancient history of mankind ...^ In 1891, he claimed that "the most important discovery which has been made during the nineteenth century with respect to the ancient history of mankind [...
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^ This obvious connection to the seasons is not coincidental, and formed one of the most important Mysteries of ancient Greece.
  • Greek Goddesses 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

was this sample equation: .Sanskrit Dyaus-pitar = Greek Zeus = Latin Jupiter = Old Norse Tyr".[97] In other cases, close parallels in character and function suggest a common heritage, yet lack of linguistic evidence makes it difficult to prove, as in the comparison between Uranus and the Sanskrit Varuna or the Moirae and the Norns.^ In other cases, close parallels in character and function suggest a common heritage, yet lack of linguistic evidence makes it difficult to prove, as in the comparison between Uranus and the Sanskrit Varuna or the Moirae and the Norns .
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^ Jupiter Jupiter was the Roman name for the Greek god Zeus .
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Another quick note: the "kappa" of ancient greek makes a hard "k" sound, but was often Latinized to a "c" which is how I spell it a lot.
  • Greek Goddesses 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

[98]
Aphrodite and Adonis, Attic red-figure aryballos-shaped lekythos by Aison (c. 410 BC, Louvre, Paris).
.Archaeology and mythography, on the other hand, have revealed that the Greeks were inspired by some of the civilizations of Asia Minor and the Near East.^ Archaeology and mythography, on the other hand, has revealed that the Greeks were inspired by some of the civilizations of Asia Minor and the Near East.
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^ (Broken Link 2/11/02) Pagans Online's Scrolls Catalogue - Ancient Near East collects some essays and translations of Mesopotamian and Egyptian texts.
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^ This whole thing is explored - along with some really fascinating thoughts on Greek civilization and gender - in Aeschylus' Oresteia and Sophocles' Elektra .
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

.Adonis seems to be the Greek counterpart — more clearly in cult than in myth — of a Near Eastern "dying god". Cybele is rooted in Anatolian culture while much of Aphrodite's iconography springs from Semitic goddesses.^ Cybele is rooted in Anatolian culture while much of Aphrodite's iconography springs from Semitic goddesses.
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^ Adonis seems to be the Greek counterpart — more clearly in cult than in myth — of a Near Eastern "dying god".
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^ While the age of gods has often been of more interest to contemporary students of myth, the Greek authors of the archaic and classical eras had a clear preference for the age of heroes.
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There are also possible parallels between the earliest divine generations (Chaos and its children) and Tiamat in the Enuma Elish.[99] .According to Meyer Reinhold, "near Eastern theogonic concepts, involving divine succession through violence and generational conflicts for power, found their way ...^ According to Meyer Reinhold, "near Eastern theogonic concepts, involving divine succession through violence and generational conflicts for power, found their way [...
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^ According to Ken Dowden, "there is even a saga effect: we can follow the fates of some families in successive generations".
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^ Reinhold, Meyer " The Generation Gap in Antiquity ".
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into .Greek mythology".[100] In addition to Indo-European and Near Eastern origins, some scholars have speculated on the debts of Greek mythology to the pre-Hellenic societies: Crete, Mycenae, Pylos, Thebes and Orchomenus.^ In addition to Indo-European and Near Eastern origins, some scholars have speculated on the debts of Greek mythology to the pre-Hellenic societies: Crete, Mycenae, Pylos , Thebes and Orchomenus .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The genesis of modern understanding of Greek mythology is regarded by some scholars as a double reaction at the end of the eighteenth century against "the traditional attitude of Christian animosity", in which the Christian reinterpretation of myth as a "lie" or fable had been retained.
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^ Elysium In Greek mythology, Elysium was originally another name for the Islands of the Blessed, to which favored heroes were sent by the gods to enjoy a life after death.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

[101] .Historians of religion were fascinated by a number of apparently ancient configurations of myth connected with Crete (the god as bull, Zeus and Europa, Pasiphaë who yields to the bull and gives birth to the Minotaur etc.^ Historians of religion were fascinated by a number of apparently ancient configurations of myth connencted with Crete (the god as bull, Zeus and Europa, Pasiphaë who yields to the bull and gives birth to the Minotaur etc.
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^ The mythological history of the world can be divided in 3 or 4 broader periods: The myths of origin or age of gods (Theogonies, "births of gods") : myths about the origins of the world, the gods, and the human race.
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^ Father James W. Reites' course on the Origins of Western Religion contains a description and links concerning Religion in the Ancient Near East: Myths and Gods .
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

) .Professor Martin P. Nilsson concluded that all great classical Greek myths were tied to Mycenaen centres and were anchored in prehistoric times.^ Chryse In Greek mythology, Chryse was a warlike goddess of the metal gold, in its refinement and all that is regarded as having great value.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Professor Ruth Webb, also at Princeton, has a comprehensive site on the characters in Greek mythology for her Classics Course CLA 212 Mythology Home Page .
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Most myths were made in prehistoric times, and, I suppose, not conciously made by individuals at all.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[102] .Nevertheless, according to Burkert, the iconography of the Cretan Palace Period has provided almost no confirmation for these theories.^ Nevertheless, according to Burkert, the iconography of the Cretan Palace Period has provided almost no confirmation for these theories.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[103]

Motifs in Western art and literature

Botticelli's The Birth of Venus (c. 1485–1486, oil on canvas, Uffizi, Florence) — a revived Venus Pudica for a new view of pagan Antiquity—is often said to epitomize for modern viewers the spirit of the Renaissance.[2]
.The widespread adoption of Christianity did not curb the popularity of the myths.^ The widespread adoption of Christianity did not curb the popularity of the myths.
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With the rediscovery of classical antiquity in the Renaissance, the poetry of Ovid became a major influence on the imagination of poets, dramatists, musicians and artists.[104] .From the early years of Renaissance, artists such as Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael, portrayed the pagan subjects of Greek mythology alongside more conventional Christian themes.^ Hedone Really more the Greek version of the Latin "Voluptas", Hedone doesn't so much show up in strictly Greek mythology.
  • Greek Goddesses 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While primarily a neo-pagan site, it also contains information about the Greek deities and mythology related links.
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^ Alcmene In Greek mythology, Alcmene is the virgin goddess of midwinter, midwinter's moon, the new year, stateliness, beauty and wisdom.
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

[104] .Through the medium of Latin and the works of Ovid, Greek myth influenced medieval and Renaissance poets such as Petrarch, Boccaccio and Dante in Italy.^ Through the medium of Latin and the works of Ovid, Greek myth influenced medieval and Renaissance poets such as Petrarch , Boccaccio and Dante in Italy.
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^ This category includes the works of: The Roman poets Ovid , Statius , Valerius Flaccus , Seneca and Virgil with Servius 's commentary.
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^ Greek lyric poets, including Pindar , Bacchylides , Simonides , and bucolic poets, such as Theocritus and Bion , provide individual mythological incidents.
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[2]
.In Northern Europe, Greek mythology never took the same hold of the visual arts, but its effect was very obvious on literature.^ The Minneapolis Institute of the Arts runs a very visual tour of World Mythology meant to supplement a trip to the museum.
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^ Tanagra She wasn't a very important member of Greek Mythology, but who cares?
  • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Marsyas In Greek mythology, Marsyas was a satyr who took up the pipes thrown down by the goddess Athena and challenged the god Apollo to a musical contest.
  • The Probert Encyclopaedia - Greek &. Roman Mythology (A-M) 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC vets.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

.The English imagination was fired by Greek mythology starting with Chaucer and John Milton and continuing through Shakespeare to Robert Bridges in the 20th century.^ The English imagination was fired by Greek mythology starting with Chaucer and John Milton and continuing through Shakespeare to Robert Bridges in the 20th century.
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^ By the end of the 18th century, Romanticism initiated a surge of enthusiasm for all things Greek, including Greek mythology.
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^ In Ancient Roman times, a new Roman mythology was born through syncretization of numerous Greek and other foreign gods.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Racine in France and Goethe in Germany revived Greek drama, reworking the ancient myths.^ Racine in France and Goethe in Germany revived Greek drama, reworking the ancient myths.
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^ While poets and dramatists were reworking the myths, Greek historians and philosophers were beginning to criticize them.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[104] .Although during the Enlightenment of the 18th century reaction against Greek myth spread throughout Europe, the myths continued to provide an important source of raw material for dramatists, including those who wrote the libretti for many of Handel's and Mozart's operas.^ Although during the Enlightenment of the 18th century reaction against Greek myth spread throughout Europe, the myths continued to provide an important source of raw material for dramatists, including those who wrote the libretti for many of Handel 's and Mozart 's operas.
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^ She also continues to translate many of the myths from Ugarit and some later sources.
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^ The genesis of modern understanding of Greek mythology is regarded by some scholars as a double reaction at the end of the eighteenth century against "the traditional attitude of Christian animosity", in which the Christian reinterpretation of myth as a "lie" or fable had been retained.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[105] .By the end of the 18th century, Romanticism initiated a surge of enthusiasm for all things Greek, including Greek mythology.^ By the end of the 18th century, Romanticism initiated a surge of enthusiasm for all things Greek, including Greek mythology.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The genesis of modern understanding of Greek mythology is regarded by some scholars as a double reaction at the end of the eighteenth century against "the traditional attitude of Christian animosity", in which the Christian reinterpretation of myth as a "lie" or fable had been retained.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ambrosia In Greek mythology, ambrosia was the food of the gods which was supposed to confer eternal life upon all who ate it.
  • Greek mythology A-M - All About Turkey 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.allaboutturkey.com [Source type: Original source]

.In Britain, new translations of Greek tragedies and Homer inspired contemporary poets (such as Alfred Lord Tennyson, Keats, Byron and Shelley) and painters (such as Lord Leighton and Lawrence Alma-Tadema).^ In Britain, new translations of Greek tragedies and Homer inspired contemporary poets (such as Alfred Lord Tennyson , Keats , Byron and Shelley ) and painters (such as Lord Leighton and Lawrence Alma-Tadema ).
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^ Greek lyric poets, including Pindar , Bacchylides , Simonides , and bucolic poets, such as Theocritus and Bion , provide individual mythological incidents.
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^ Percy Shelley's story never came of anything, Byron wrote a fragment of a novel which inspired Polidori to write The Vampyre (1819), with borrowings from Byron's plot.
  • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[106] .Christoph Gluck, Richard Strauss, Jacques Offenbach and many others set Greek mythological themes to music.^ Christoph Gluck , Richard Strauss , Jacques Offenbach and many others set Greek mythological themes to music.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Greek myth explains the origins of the world and details the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, heroines , and other mythological creatures .
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^ Poets and artists from ancient times to the present have derived inspiration from Greek mythology and have discovered contemporary significance and relevance in classical mythological themes.
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[2] .American authors of the 19th century, such as Thomas Bulfinch and Nathaniel Hawthorne, held that the study of the classical myths was essential to the understanding of English and American literature.^ American authors of the 19th century, such as Thomas Bulfinch and Nathaniel Hawthorne , held that the study of the classical myths was essential to the understanding of English and American literature.
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^ While the age of gods has often been of more interest to contemporary students of myth, the Greek authors of the archaic and classical eras had a clear preference for the age of heroes.
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^ The development of comparative philology in the 19th century, together with ethnological discoveries in the 20th century, established the science of myth.
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[107] .In more recent times, classical themes have been reinterpreted by dramatists Jean Anouilh, Jean Cocteau, and Jean Giraudoux in France, Eugene O'Neill in America, and T. S. Eliot in Britain and by novelists such as James Joyce and André Gide.^ In more recent times, classical themes have been reinterpreted by dramatists Jean Anouilh , Jean Cocteau , and Jean Giraudoux in France, Eugene O'Neill in America, and T. S. Eliot in Britain and by novelists such as James Joyce and André Gide .
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the same time, the skeptical turn of the Classical age became even more pronounced.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Poets and artists from ancient times to the present have derived inspiration from Greek mythology and have discovered contemporary significance and relevance in classical mythological themes.
  • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2]

References

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  107. ^ Klatt-Brazouski, Ancient Greek and Roman Mythology, 4
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Primary sources (Greek and Roman)

  • Aeschylus, The Persians. .See original text in Perseus program.
  • Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound.^ See original text in the Latin Library .
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    ^ See original text in Perseus program .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ See original text in Perseus project .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .See original text in Perseus program.
  • Apollodorus, Library and Epitome.^ See original text in the Latin Library .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ See original text in Perseus program .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ See original text in Perseus project .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .See original text in Perseus program.
  • Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonautica, Book I. See original text in Sacred Texts.
  • Cicero, De Divinatione.^ See original text in the Latin Library .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ See original text in Perseus program .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ See original text in Perseus project .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .See original text in the Latin Library.
  • Cicero, Tusculanae resons.^ See original text in the Latin Library .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ See original text in Perseus program .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Cicero, Tusculanae resons .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .See original text in the Latin Library.
  • Herodotus, The Histories, I. See original text in the Sacred Texts.
  • Hesiod, Works and Days.^ See original text in the Latin Library .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ See original text in Perseus program .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ He's also working on a multi-lingual text archive of sagas and Edda poems, but the primary focus of the site is on history.
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Translated into English by Hugh G. Evelyn-White.
  •  Wikisource-logo.svg Hesiod: Theogony on Wikisource
  • Homer, Iliad.^ Myriam Dantois has nearly a dozen Japanese Old Tales on her site, written in Japanese, as well as translated into French, Spanish, and English.
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Those stories had recently been translated into French and so the original version of Vathek was also written in French, although an English version was published before the French version was ready.
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Rene Pannekoek presents the de Lingre Böhl translation of the Gilgamesh story into Dutch (although he also includes an English translation of the Atrahasis flood story) in Vertaling Gilgamesjepos .
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .See original text in Perseus program.
  • Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite.^ See original text in the Latin Library .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ See original text in Perseus program .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ See original text in Perseus project .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Translated into English by Gregory Nagy.
  • Homeric Hymn to Demeter.^ Myriam Dantois has nearly a dozen Japanese Old Tales on her site, written in Japanese, as well as translated into French, Spanish, and English.
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Gregory Nagy regards "the larger Homeric Hymns as simple preludes (compared with Theogony ), each of which invokes one god".
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    ^ Those stories had recently been translated into French and so the original version of Vathek was also written in French, although an English version was published before the French version was ready.
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .See original text in Perseus project.
  • Homeric Hymn to Hermes.^ See original text in the Latin Library .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ See original text in Perseus program .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ See original text in Perseus project .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    See the English translation in the Online Medieval and Classical Library.
  • Ovid, Metamorphoses. .See original text in the Latin Library.
  • Pausanias.
  • Pindar, Pythian Odes, Pythian 4: For Arcesilas of Cyrene Chariot Race 462 BC. See original text in the Perseus program.
  • Plato, Apology.^ See original text in the Latin Library .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ See original text in Perseus program .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Pindar, Pythian Odes , Pythian 4: For Arcesilas of Cyrene Chariot Race 462 BC. See original text in the Perseus program .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .See original text in Perseus program.
  • Plato, Theaetetus.^ See original text in the Latin Library .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ See original text in Perseus program .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ See original text in Perseus project .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    See original text in Perseus program.

Secondary sources

.
  • Ackerman, Robert (1991—Reprint edition).^ Ackerman, Robert (1991—Reprint edition).
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ."Introduction". Prolegomena to the Study of Greek Religion by Jane Ellen Harrison.^ Prolegomena to the Study of Greek Religion by Jane Ellen Harrison .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Princeton University Press.^ Princeton University Press.
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .ISBN 0-691-01514-7. 
  • Albala Ken G, Johnson Claudia Durst, Johnson Vernon E. (2000).^ ISBN 0-691-01514-7.
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    "Origin of Mythology". Understanding the Odyssey. .Courier Dover Publications.^ Courier Dover Publications.
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .ISBN 0-486-41107-9. 
  • Algra, Keimpe (1999).^ Algra, Keimpe (1999).
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ ISBN 0-486-41107-9.
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ."The Beginnings of Cosmology". The Cambridge Companion to Early Greek Philosophy.^ The Cambridge Companion to Early Greek Philosophy .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Cambridge University Press.^ Cambridge University Press.
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .ISBN 0-521-44667-8. 
  • Allen, Douglas (1978).^ ISBN 0-521-44667-8.
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Allen, Douglas (1978).
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ."Early Methological Approaches". Structure & Creativity in Religion: Hermeneutics in Mircea Eliade's Phenomenology and New Directions.^ Structure & Creativity in Religion: Hermeneutics in Mircea Eliade's Phenomenology and New Directions .
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Walter de Gruyter. .ISBN 90-279-7594-9. 
  • "Argonaut". Encyclopaedia Britannica.^ ISBN 90-279-7594-9.
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    2002. 
  • Betegh, Gábor (2004). "The Interpretation of the poet". The Derveni Papyrus. .Cambridge University Press.^ Cambridge University Press.
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .ISBN 0-521-80108-7. 
  • Bonnefoy, Yves (1992).^ ISBN 0-521-80108-7.
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Bonnefoy, Yves (1992).
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ."Kinship Structures in Greek Heroic Dynasty". Greek and Egyptian Mythologies.^ Its first section, The Age of Fable includes Greek, some Norse, and some Egyptian mythology in a sort of "Reader's Digest" format.
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-06454-9. 
  • Bulfinch, Thomas (2003). ."Greek Mythology and Homer". Bulfinch's Greek and Roman Mythology.^ Diotima Suicidal Females in Greek and Roman Mythology: A Catalogue .
    • Diotima 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

    Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-30881-0.
     
  • Burkert, Walter (2002). "Prehistory and the Minoan Mycenaen Era". Greek Religion: Archaic and Classical (translated by John Raffan). Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 0-631-15624-0. 
  • Burn, Lucilla (1990). Greek Myths. University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-72748-8. 
  • Bushnell, Rebecca W. (2005). "Helicocentric Stoicism in the Saturnalia: The Egyptian Apollo". Medieval A Companion to Tragedy. Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 1-4051-0735-9. 
  • Chance, Jane (1994). "Helicocentric Stoicism in the Saturnalia: The Egyptian Apollo". Medieval Mythography. University Press of Florida. ISBN 0-8130-1256-2. 
  • Caldwell, Richard (1990). "The Psychoanalytic Interpretation of Greek Myth". Approaches to Greek Myth. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-3864-9. 
  • Calimach, Andrew (2002). "The Cultural Background". Lovers' Legends: The Gay Greek Myths. Haiduk Press. ISBN 0-9714686-0-5. 
  • Cartledge, Paul A. (2002). "Inventing the Past: History v. Myth". The Greeks. .Oxford University Press.^ Oxford University Press 1990 Ovid.
    • Diotima 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 0-19-280388-3.
     
  • Cartledge, Paul A. (2004). The Spartans (translated in Greek). Livanis. ISBN 960-14-0843-6. 
  • Cashford, Jules (2003). "Introduction". The Homeric Hymns. Penguin Classics. ISBN 0-14-043782-7. 
  • Dowden, Ken (1992). ."Myth and Mythology". The Uses of Greek Mythology.^ Handan Oz's Turkish Mythology page contains Turkish myths (mostly in Turkish) as well as myths set in Turkey (mostly Greek and written in English).
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Princeton's Greek Myth HQ by Mark Woon is now Classical Mythology by Geography .
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Pantheon is another Greek myth project that details the stories, the deities, and other characters that appear in Greek mythology.
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Routledge (UK). ISBN 0-415-06135-0.
     
  • Dunlop, John (1842). "Romances of Chivalry". The History of Fiction. Carey and Hart. 
  • Edmunds, Lowell (1980). "Comparative Approaches". Approaches to Greek Myth. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-3864-9. 
  • "Euhemerus". Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2002. 
  • Foley, John Miles (1999). "Homeric and South Slavic Epic". Homer's Traditional Art. Penn State Press. ISBN 0-271-01870-4. 
  • Gale, Monica R. (1994). "The Cultural Background". Myth and Poetry in Lucretius. .Cambridge University Press.^ Cambridge University Press.
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0-521-45135-3.
     
  • "Greek Mythology". Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2002. 
  • "Greek Religion". Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2002. 
  • Griffin, Jasper (1986). ."Greek Myth and Hesiod". The Oxford Illustrated History of Greece and the Hellenistic World edited by John Boardman, Jasper Griffin and Oswyn Murray.^ Oban retells assorted Animal, Myths, Legends, and Folktales from around the world, with illustrations.
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Kids Zone at AFRO-Americ@ has a Myths and Fables page, collecting & illustrating 16 stories from around the world.
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Oxford University Press.^ Oxford University Press 1990 Ovid.
    • Diotima 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 0-19-285438-0.
     
  • Grimal, Pierre (1986). "Argonauts". The Dictionary of Classical Mythology. Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 0-631-20102-5. 
  • Hacklin, Joseph (1994). "The Mythology of Persia". Asiatic Mythology. Asian Educational Services. ISBN 81-206-0920-4. 
  • Hanson Victor Davis, Heath John (1999). Who Killed Homer (translated in Greek by Rena Karakatsani). Kaktos. ISBN 960-352-545-6. 
  • Hard, Robin (2003). "Sources of Greek Myth". The Routledge Handbook of Greek Mythology: based on H.J. Rose's "Handbook of Greek mythology". Routledge (UK). ISBN 0-415-18636-6. 
  • "Heracles". Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2002. 
  • Jung Carl Gustav, Kerényi Karl (2001—Reprint edition). "Prolegomena". Essays on a Science of Mythology. .Princeton University Press.^ Princeton University Press.
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0-691-01756-5.
     
  • Jung, C.J. (2002). "Troy in Latin and French Joseph of Exeter's "Ylias" and Benoît de Sainte-Maure's "Roman de Troie"". Science of Mythology. Routledge (UK). ISBN 0-415-26742-0. 
  • Kelly, Douglas (2003). ."Sources of Greek Myth". An Outline of Greek and Roman Mythology.^ This is actually Roman Mythology, but thanks to Caitlin Periou, an exception has been made and her story can be found in the Myth Pages .
    • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Handan Oz's Turkish Mythology page contains Turkish myths (mostly in Turkish) as well as myths set in Turkey (mostly Greek and written in English).
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Princeton's Greek Myth HQ by Mark Woon is now Classical Mythology by Geography .
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Douglas Kelly. ISBN 0-415-18636-6.
     
  • Kelsey, Francis W. (1889). A Handbook of Greek Mythology. Allyn and Bacon. 
  • Kirk, Geoffrey Stephen (1973). "The Thematic Simplicity of the Myths". .Myth: Its Meaning and Functions in Ancient and Other Cultures.^ (Broken Link 2/10/02) Arthur A. Brown has written an essay entitled Storytelling, the Meaning of Life, and The Epic of Gilgamesh for Exploring Ancient World Cultures.
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ David Camden's Forum presents retellings of a number of Roman and Greek myths, as well as other Roman cultural information and, of course, the requisite link pages.
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-02389-7. .http://books.google.com/books?id=OFO_NQJh8L0C&pg=PA172&lpg=PA172&dq=%22The+Thematic+Simplicity+of+the+Myths%22+kirk&source=web&ots=2PPW9EpmhU&sig=OjCPntKPCXDFSIV-89lnH-nnwkE&hl=en&ei=4X2XSaqsCJC28ASt9e3RAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=1&ct=result. 
  • Kirk, Geoffrey Stephen (1974).^ Announcement: These pages are now being mirrored at http://www.myths.com/pub/myths/myth.html thanks to David Murphy et al.
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The Nature of Greek Myths. Harmondsworth: Penguin. ISBN 0140217835. 
  • Klatt J. Mary, Brazouski Antoinette (1994). ."Preface". Children's Books on Ancient Greek and Roman Mythology: An Annotated Bibliography.^ Teiresias was the most well known wise man of ancient Greek mythology, advising kings and even goddesses.
    • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

    Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-28973-5.
     
  • Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae. Artemis-Verlag. 1981–1999. 
  • Miles, Geoffrey (1999). ."The Myth-kitty". Classical Mythology in English Literature: A Critical Anthology.^ Handan Oz's Turkish Mythology page contains Turkish myths (mostly in Turkish) as well as myths set in Turkey (mostly Greek and written in English).
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Princeton's Greek Myth HQ by Mark Woon is now Classical Mythology by Geography .
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-415-14754-9.
     
  • Morris, Ian (2000). Archaeology As Cultural History. Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 0-631-19602-1. 
  • "myth". Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2002. 
  • Nagy, Gregory (1992). ."The Hellenization of the Indo-European Poetics". Greek Mythology and Poetics.^ Gareth Long compares and contrasts the Hellenic and Nordic pantheons in Greek vs. Norse Mythology .
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-8048-5.
     
  • Nilsson, Martin P. (1940). "The Religion of Eleusis". Greek Popular Religion. Columbia University Press. 
  • North John A., Beard Mary, Price Simon R.F. (1998). "The Religions of Imperial Rome". Classical Mythology in English Literature: A Critical Anthology. .Cambridge University Press.^ Cambridge University Press.
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0-521-31682-0.
     
  • Papadopoulou, Thalia (2005). "Introduction". Heracles and Euripidean Tragedy. .Cambridge University Press.^ Cambridge University Press.
    • Greek Mythology encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0-521-85126-2.
     
  • Percy, William Armostrong III (1999). "The Institutionalization of Pederasty". Pederasty and Pedagogy in Archaic Greece. Routledge (UK). ISBN 0-252-06740-1. 
  • Poleman, Horace I. (March 1943). "Review of "Ouranos-Varuna. Etude de mythologie comparee indo-europeenne by Georges Dumezil"". "Journal of the American Oriental Society" (American Oriental Society) 63 (1): 78–79. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0003-0279(194303)63%3A1%3C78%3AOEDMCI%3E2.0.CO%3B2-T. 
  • Reinhold, Meyer (October 20, 1970). "The Generation Gap in Antiquity". "Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society" (American Philosophical Society) 114 (5): 347–365. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0003-049X(19701020)114%3A5%3C347%3ATGGIA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-I. 
  • Rose, Herbert Jennings (1991). A Handbook of Greek Mythology. Routledge (UK). ISBN 0-415-04601-7. 
  • Segal, Robert A. (1991). "A Greek Eternal Child". Myth and the Polis edited by Dora Carlisky Pozzi, John Moore Wickersham. Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-2473-9. 
  • Segal, Robert A. (April 4, 1990). "The Romantic Appeal of Joseph Campbell". "Christian Century" (Christian Century Foundation). http://www.religion-online.org/showarticle.asp?title=766. 
  • Segal, Robert A. (1999). ."Jung on Mythology". Theorizing about Myth.^ Rebecca Salek has compiled a collection of creation myths, myths about the overthrowing of goddesses and descriptions of goddesses themselves in Clio: Women in Mythology, Religion and Herstory .
    • Myths and Legends - frames 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC home.comcast.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Univ of Massachusetts Press. ISBN 1-55849-191-0.
     
  • Stoll, Heinrich Wilhelm (translated by R. B. Paul) (1852). Handbook of the religion and mythology of the Greeks. Francis and John Rivington. 
  • Trobe, Kala (2001). "Dionysus". Invoke the Gods. Llewellyn Worldwide. ISBN 0-7387-0096-7. 
  • "Trojan War". Encyclopaedia The Helios. 1952. 
  • "Troy". Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2002. 
  • "Volume: Hellas, Article: Greek Mythology". Encyclopaedia The Helios. 1952. 
  • Walsh, Patrick Gerald (1998). "Liberating Appearance in Mythic Content". The Nature of the Gods. .Oxford University Press.^ Oxford University Press 1990 Ovid.
    • Diotima 27 January 2010 23:58 UTC www.stoa.org [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 0-19-282511-9.
     
  • Weaver, John B. (1998). "Introduction". The Plots of Epiphany. Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 3-11-018266-1. 
  • Winterbourne, Anthony (2004). "Spinning and Weaving Fate". When the Norns Have Spoken. Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press. ISBN 0-8386-4048-6. 
  • Wood, Michael (1998). ."The Coming of the Greeks". In Search of the Trojan War.^ She had a ridiculous number of children - most of whom died in the Trojan War - but because of her husband's work, when Troy lost, the Greeks spared the rest of the kids and Theano.
    • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ She and her sisters were captured by the Greek forces on their way to the Trojan War, but Dionysus turned the sisters into doves so they could escape.
    • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Laodamia Laodamia was the wife of Protesilaus, the first Greek killed in the Trojan War.
    • Human Women of Greek Myth 23 September 2009 7:16 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

    University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-21599-0.
     

Further reading

External links


Simple English

Greek mythology is a large collection of stories, started in Ancient Greece, about the beginning of the world, and the lives and adventures of gods, goddesses, heroes, and heroines.

Contents

Gods and goddesses

The gods and goddesses in Greek Mythology are all assigned as the god of a certain something. For instance Zeus is the god of the sky, Poseidon is the god of the sea and Hephaestus is the god of fire. They can make themselves invisible to humans and move to any place in a very short amount of time. The gods and goddesses also never get sick and can only be hurt by very unusual causes. This is called being immortal. The king of the gods was Zeus, who lived with the other gods on top of Mt. Olympus in Greece. The gods were children of the Titans, for example Kronos and Rhea.

Greek mythology has 12 main gods, known as the Twelve Olympians, including Zeus, Poseidon, and Hades and Hera. Many known names like Heracles (the Romans called him Hercules) and Athena come from Greek mythology.

There are lots of monsters in Greek mythology. Many are hybrids of animals or people. Some important Greek monsters are minotaurs, satyrs, centaurs and chimera. Hybrid animals are called chimeras sometimes because of the monster.

The myth of the sun

The Greeks believed that the sun was a chariot and it was driven by the god, Apollo. Apollo was the brother of Artemis (the goddess of the hunt) and he himself was the god of Archery, Poetry and Prophecies. Everyday Apollo would drive the Sun Chariot across the sky and provide light and heat for the people of Greece.

The Greek Creation Myth

The Ancient Greeks believed that in the beginning, the world was in a state of nothingness, which they called chaos. Suddenly, from light, came Gaia (mother earth) and Uranus (the sky). Gaia and Uranus had 6 sets of twins. The most important of the 12 children were Cronos and Rhea.

Gaia gave birth to some monsters called Cyclops. Uranus disliked the cyclops, so he forced Gaia to keep them in her womb. Gaia, angered by the amount of pain that Uranus had put her through by holding babies in her womb, seeked revenge on Uranus. Gaia used her son Cronos, who chopped off Uranus' genitals. From the blood of his genitals, came the goddess of love and beauty - Aphrodite.

Cronos married his sister Rhea and gave birth to 6 children, who were called the gods. Cronus, who was afraid of a prophecy delivered to him a while ago, swallowed each of his children each time they were born. Rhea did not like this, so she saved Zeus and gave Cronos a rock to eat instead. Zeus was raised by a Centaur named Chiron in a mountain cave. When Zeus was old enough, he tricked Cronos into drinking a mixture of Wine and Mustard. Cronos vomited up the rest of the gods, who being immortal had been growing up completely undigested in Cronos' stomach. Zeus then banished Cronos to Tartarus.

Zeus was from then on the leader of the gods, and created man for his own entertainment.

Other pages

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 11, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Greek mythology, which are similar to those in the above article.








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