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Shown here is a Finnish Coastal Ranger Green Beret.

A green beret is a type of headgear. Green Berets can refer to:


Military

Literature

  • The Green Berets (book), a book written by Robin Moore, 1965
  • Tales of the Green Beret daily comic strip and American comic book
  • Green Berets in Korea - the story of 41 Independent Commando - Royal Marines (book), a book written by Fred Hayhurst, 2001, ISBN 1 903489 12 1


Music

Film

Computer & Video Games

See also

Sargent First Class Mullins Michael Patrick82nd airbourne 7th balltion

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The green beret is the official headgear as part of the uniform of several military forces.

Contents

List of military forces that wear the green beret as part of their uniform

Europe

UK

A large number of UK units wear green berets, in various shades of green.

Other

Americas

Asia and Australasia

  • Israeli Intelligence Corps and Border Police wear a dark green Beret while the Nahal Brigade wears a light green beret.
  • Infantry branch of Indonesian Army included the Raider units (except Special Forces)

United States Army Special Forces

In the U.S. armed forces, the green beret may be worn only by soldiers awarded the Special Forces Tab, signifying they have been qualified as Special Forces (SF) soldiers. Special Forces wear it because of a shared tradition which goes back to the British Commandos of World War II. Although it is unusual for American units to wear distinctive head gear, it is the norm in the British Army, where most regiments wear headdress which reflects regimental history. The Special Forces beret is officially designated "beret, man's, wool, rifle green, army shade 297."

The U.S. Army Special Forces wear the green beret because of their link to the British Commandos of World War II. The first Ranger unit, commonly known as Darby's Rangers, was formed in Northern Ireland during the summer of 1942. On completion of training at the Commando Training Depot at Achnacarry Castle in Scotland, those Rangers had the right to wear the British Commando green beret, but it was not part of the regulation uniform at the time and was disallowed by the U.S. Army.[2]

The 10th Special Forces Group (Airborne) had many veterans of World War II and Korea in their ranks when it was formed in 1952. They began to unofficially wear a variety of berets while training, some favoring the red or maroon airborne beret, the black Ranger beret, or the green commando beret. The commandos eventually began to work on a standard uniform that would mark them as unique but still show a smart and professional look. In 1953, after extensive research, a rifle-green beret based on the Canadian Army pattern was chosen.

Their new headgear was first worn at a retirement parade at Fort Bragg on 12 June 1955 for Lieutenant General Joseph P. Cleland, the now-former commander of the XVIII Airborne Corps. Onlookers thought that the commandos were a foreign delegation from NATO.

In 1956 General Paul D. Adams, the post commander at Fort Bragg, banned its wear, though it was worn on the sly when deployed overseas. This was reversed on 25 September 1961 by Department of the Army Message 578636, which designated the green beret as the exclusive headgear of the Army Special Forces.

When visiting the Special Forces at Fort Bragg on 12 October 1961, President John F. Kennedy asked Brigadier General William P. Yarborough to make sure that the men under his command wore green berets for the visit. Later that day, Kennedy sent a memorandum which included the line: "I am sure that the green beret will be a mark of distinction in the trying times ahead". By America's entry into the Vietnam War the green beret had become a symbol of excellence throughout the US Army. On 11 April 1962 in a White House memorandum to the United States Army, President Kennedy reiterated his view: "the green beret is a symbol of excellence, a badge of courage, a mark of distinction in the fight for freedom." Previously, both Yarborough and Edson Raff had petitioned the Pentagon to allow wearing of the green beret to no avail, but the President did not fail them.

The Royal Marines (British)

A Royal Marine recruit wears a blue beret with a red semi-circular badge backing for the corps badge. They are only allowed to wear the green beret once they have passed the Commando Course. Personnel from the Royal Navy, British Army, and Royal Air Force volunteering for service with Commando Forces undertake the All Arms Commando Course. Commando-qualified Royal Marines always wear the green beret, but commando-qualified personnel from other services only wear it (with their own cap badge) when serving with commando units and sometimes when serving at Training Establishments; the commando badge of a fighting knife on a tringular patch is worn on the sleeve in perpetuity by those who have passed the course.[3]

Finnish Army

An olive green beret is used by most Finnish military units as standard parade headgear. In some regiments, as the Finnish Coastal Jaeger regiment, one must take part in a "beret march" to qualify to wear a beret. This beret is a lighter green than the regular beret. The Finnish Air Force uses a blue beret, as do military musicians, navy uses a dark blue beret close to black and armoured forces uses a black beret.

As of special forces, Finnish paratroopers are allowed to wear a red beret after their first parachute jump.

Green Berets of the Army of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Green Berets were also the gear of choice and the name of a Bosnian, initially paramilitary, force during the Bosnian War from 1992-1995. They were integrated into a newly founded Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the second part of 1992. The Green Beret as a gear of choice and name was selected both as a reference to United States Army Special Forces (although no actual relation existed) and as a color associated with the predominant ethnic group that composed the unit, namely Bosniak Muslims. Bosnian Green Berets were mostly active during the war in the early part of 1992 in northern and central Bosnia.

Swedish Rangers

There are two hues of green within the Swedish armed forces. The army ranger battalion in Arvidsjaur, the airmobile battalion (LBB), ISTAR battalion, military police and royal ceremonial guards all wear rifle green berets, like those worn by light infantry units in Canada and Great Britain. Soldiers attached to the airbase ranger school also wear the rifle green beret.

Soldiers attached to the 1st Amphibious Regiment at Berga wear the commando green beret like the Royal Marine Commandos and the Finnish Coastal Jaegers.

Other uses

Green Beret was another name for Rush'n Attack, an arcade game.

See also

Footnotes

  1. "[http://www.aof.mod.uk/content/docs/jsp336/3rd_ed/vol12/pt3/pam15/s5.doc DEFENCE SUPPLY CHAIN MANUAL JSP 336 (3rd Edition), VOLUME 12 PART 3 PAMPHLET 15 SECTION 5, HEADDRESS]". http://www.aof.mod.uk/content/docs/jsp336/3rd_ed/vol12/pt3/pam15/s5.doc. "Green RM beret. (1) Royal Marines Commandos All ranks serving with 3 Cdo Bde who have passed the RM Commando Course may wear the green beret. When on parade with RM, green berets are only to be worn if RM are wearing them on that parade themselves. (2) All ranks posted out of 3 Cdo Bde cease to wear the RM green beret, except for those qualified other ranks serving in RA, RE and RLC Cdo units." 
  2. Army Black Beret: A Short History of the Use of Berets in the U.S. Army
  3. JSP 336 3rd EDITION, VOLUME 12, PART 3 - CLOTHING, PAMPHLET NO 15 - BADGES, EMBELLISHMENTS AND HEADDRESS, ANNEX B


Strategy wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From StrategyWiki, the free strategy guide and walkthrough wiki

Green Beret / Rush'n Attack
Box artwork for Green Beret / Rush'n Attack.
Developer(s) Konami
Publisher(s) Konami
Japanese title グリーンベレー
Release date(s)
Arcade
Famicom Disk System
NES
 April, 1987
Xbox Live Arcade
Genre(s) Action
System(s) Arcade, Amstrad CPC, Atari 8-bit, BBC Micro, Commodore 64, Commodore Plus/4, Famicom Disk System, MS-DOS, MSX, Sinclair ZX Spectrum, Xbox Live Arcade
Rating(s)
ESRB: Everyone
Followed by M.I.A.: Missing In Action
Green Beret marquee

Green Beret (グリーンベレー Gurīn Berē ?), retitled Rush'n Attack (a pun on "Russian Attack") in North America, is an action arcade game released by Konami in 1985. Green Beret is remembered for its Cold War setting and its reliance on the player using a knife to dispatch enemies. A sequel was released for the arcades titled M.I.A.: Missing in Action in 1989.

There are four stages: Marshalling Area, Harbour, Air Base and Siberian Camp. The omnipresent knife can be supplemented with captured arms. By killing key persons, the player can obtain three-shot flamethrowers in stage 1, four-shot Rocket propelled grenades in stage 2, threepacks of hand grenades in stage 3 and one of each in stage 4. At the end of each stage, there are extra challenges: Stage 1 ends with a truckload of enemies, stage 2 with a pack of guard dogs, stage 3 with three shooting autogyros and stage 4 with a skilful multi-shot flamethrower operator. When the mission is accomplished the four rescued POWs salute and the player is back at stage 1. The player is supposed to run to the right, revealing new territories, but in case of a standstill in 10 minutes, a stealth-like bomber would wipe out the soldier.

The game was ported by Konami for the Famicom Disk System in Japan, and later the Nintendo Entertainment System in the US and Europe. Imagine Software converted the game for play in Europe on the MSX, DOS, ZX Spectrum, Amstrad CPC, BBC Micro, Commodore 64, Commodore Plus/4 and the Atari 8-bit family. An enhanced version of the arcade game is included in the compilation Konami Collector's Series: Arcade Advanced for the Game Boy Advance, as well as in Konami Classics Series: Arcade Hits for the Nintendo DS. The game was also released on Xbox Live Arcade for the Xbox 360 with enhanced graphics. For the most part, all original European ports use the Green Beret title, except for the NES. The NES port popularized the name Rush'n Attack, which Microsoft chose to use for the European release on the Xbox 360.

Story

The player takes on the role of a United States special operations soldier infiltrating an enemy military base which, as hinted by the name, resembles a Soviet military complex. In the arcade version, the plot is to save several POW's from being executed by firing squad.

However in the NES port, the plot is changed to finding and destroying the "enemy's secret weapon." In the final level of both versions, the player fires a bazooka at a siloed ICBM, eventually causing it to detonate. This is followed by a brief animation of the player character running away from the base, with a mushroom cloud rising in the background.

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