Green Mountains: Wikis

  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Green Mountains, outside of Montpelier, Vermont

The Green Mountains are a mountain range in the U.S. state of Vermont. The range extends approximately 250 miles (400 km). The most notable mountains in the range include[1]:

The Green Mountains are part of the Appalachian Mountains, a range that stretches from Quebec in the north to Georgia in the south.

Map of the main regions of the northeast Appalachians.

The Green Mountains have five peaks over 4,000 feet (1,200 m). Three of these (Mount Mansfield, Camel's Hump, and Mount Abraham) support alpine vegetation. Mansfield, Killington, and Ellen have downhill ski resorts on their slopes. All of the major peaks are traversed by the Long Trail, a wilderness hiking trail that runs from the southern to northern borders of the state and joins the Appalachian Trail for roughly 13 of its length.

While, as noted above, several of the peaks have alpine vegetation, it should also be pointed out that the Green Mountains, especially the northern sections, support a dense boreal forest between roughly 3,000–3,500 feet (910–1,100 m) and treeline. This forest is particularly well established in the Green Mountains and throughout the winter months weathers harsh temperatures, snowfall and winds that would destroy other species. In other words, much of the "green" in Green Mountains is due to this boreal forest.

The Vermont Republic, also known less formally as the Green Mountain Republic, existed from 1777 to 1791, at which time Vermont became the 14th state.

Vermont not only takes its state nickname ("The Green Mountain State") from the mountains, it is named after them. The French Verts Monts is literally translated as Green Mountains. This name was suggested in 1777 by Dr. Thomas Young, an American revolutionary and Boston Tea Party participant. The University of Vermont and State Agricultural College, originally styled "the University of the Green Mountains," is referred to as UVM (after the Latin Universitas Viridis Montis).

Contents

Geology and physiography

The Green Mountains are a physiographic section of the larger New England province, which in turn is part of the larger Appalachian physiographic division.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Peak elevations taken from "Mountain Peaks, Summits, and High Points". http://www.mountainzone.com/mountains. Retrieved 17 January 2010. 
  2. ^ Wheeler, Scott (February 2008). The Man Who Helped Electrify the Jay Peak Ski Area. Northland Journal. 
  3. ^ McLean, Dan (July 1, 2008). Investors purchase Jay Peak. Burlington Free Press. 
  4. ^ "Physiographic divisions of the conterminous U. S.". U.S. Geological Survey. http://water.usgs.gov/GIS/metadata/usgswrd/XML/physio.xml. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 

External Links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

The Green Mountains are in Vermont.

Understand

The Green Mountains of Vermont are the oldest and highest mountains in the state, as well as the state's namesake. They are a sub-range of the Appalachian Mountains. The range runs north-south and is best described as a ridge running from the Berkshires in Massachusetts up to Canada. The highest mountain in the range is Mount Mansfield at 4,393 feet, in northern Vermont. A very large part of the mountains are in the jurisdiction of the Green Mountain National Forest, which is split into northern and southern regions along Route 4 near Rutland. The Green Mountains are very popular for hiking, skiing, fishing, hunting, and other recreational activities.

Landscape

Though humble and almost totally enshrouded in thick (need we say green?) forest, the Green Mountains are filled with variation and are at times quite rugged. And despite the heavy forest, there are plenty of open areas, wetlands, and escarpments where wildlife tend to gather. As with all national forest land, there are parts set aside for recreation, logging, and mining, as well as areas that are totally closed off to protect wildlife. Trails and roads in the forest are well maintained and range from very scenic to mosquito-ridden.

Flora and fauna

The Green Mountains have a huge range of wildlife. They are mostly covered by northern deciduous forests (maples, oaks, birches, etc) but also have patches of coniferous forest, wetlands, tundra, grassy ski slopes, and powerline greenways. Each of these areas has its own collection of flora and fauna. Thousands of bird species flock to these well-protected mountains and the bird-watching can really be excellent, especially in the clearings where birds come to feed and mate. Mammals in the national forest are more reclusive but abound in large numbers, and if you're lucky you might see a moose, black bear, coyote, fox, or Indiana Bat.

Climate

The weather in the Green Mountains varies heavily between season and even between elevation. In summertime the weather is usually up around 75 degrees Fahrenheit but can cool considerably at night. Spring and Fall are brisk and sometimes downright frigid. Winters are very cold, with sub-zero temperatures at times.

Get in

The Green Mountain National Forest is easily accessible from any of the roads that roll through or alongside it. Keep an eye out for the brown national forest road markers, as well as the many trailheads, parking areas, and lookouts that offer easy access to the interior. There are ranger stations in Middlebury, Rochester, Manchester, and Rutland

  • Middlebury, 1007 Route 7 South, Middlebury, VT 05753. (802) 388-4362. Ranger station for the northern section.
  • Rochester, 99 Ranger Rd, Rochester, VT 05767. (802) 767-4261. Ranger station for the northern section. Approx 1 mi north of Rochester on VT100.
  • Manchester, 2538 Depot St, Manchester, VT 05255. (802) 362-2307. Ranger station for the southern section of the forest.
  • Rutland, 231 North Main St, Rutland, VT 05701. (802) 747-6700. This is the main office, which also oversees the Finger Lakes National Forest.

Fees/Permits

Fishing and hunting licenses are required. They can be obtained at tackle and hunting shops in the area, as well as at the ranger stations.

Get around

The Long Trail runs along the spine of the Green Mountains the full length of the state. It is a peak-bagging trail, so consider yourself warned, it will occasionally be a strenuous hike. There are lots of good trails throughout the mountains that can be found using a good hiking guide or by getting information from the ranger stations, or by visiting the Green Mountain Club. The Appalachian Trail coincides with the Long Trail through the southern half of the forest and splits off in Gifford State Park, at the southern end of the northern half of the forest. There are lots of drivable park roads (though they are usually dirt or gravel roads) throughout the park. They are identified by small brown signs with the road number on them.

Sleep

Lodging

There are plenty of bed & breakfasts & hotels on and off the main roads that traverse the mountains and in the surrounding towns for those who are not inclined to camp.

  • Best Western, #1 Route 4 East, (866) 229-6188, [1].

Camping

The national forest operates several developed campsites in the mountains. Most campsites charge $10 per night for staying in one of these sites (no RV hookups). The majority of campgrounds are open Memorial Day through Labor Day, but some are open year-round. Many campgrounds do not have running water, trash receptacles or drive-up camping (i.e. hike in only). To be fully prepared, please check with the Green Mountain National Forest for more details at www.fs.fed.us. The campsites and their locations are:

Northern Half:

  • Chittenden Brook Campground - South side of Rt 73 about 5 miles west of Rochester.
  • Gifford Woods State Park - Near the intersection of Rt 100 and Rt 4.
  • Moosalamoo Campground - Off National Forest Road (NFR) 24 west of NFR 32 near the Sugar Hill Reservoir.
  • Silver Lake Campground - East of Rt 53 near Lake Dunmore. (NO FEE)

Southern Half:

  • Greendale Campground - On NFR 18 out of Weston.
  • Hapgood Pond Campground - On NFR 21 out of North Landgrove.
  • Grout Pond Campground - On FH6 near Stratton.
  • Red Mill Brook Campground - On NFR 72 north of Rt 9.

Backcountry

Free camping in undeveloped sites is allowed almost anywhere in the national forest. Precautions should be taken to protect yourself and your food from bears and other wild animals.

Stay safe

Food should be hoisted or put in bear boxes to protect it from Black Bears and other wild animals. Copperhead snakes and rattlers are quite uncommon but not totally unheard of in the Green Mountains. Also be careful of poison-ivy and poison-sumac.

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!







Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message