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Greendale, Wisconsin
—  Village  —
Location of Greendale, Wisconsin
Coordinates: 42°56′15″N 87°59′49″W / 42.9375°N 87.99694°W / 42.9375; -87.99694Coordinates: 42°56′15″N 87°59′49″W / 42.9375°N 87.99694°W / 42.9375; -87.99694
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Milwaukee
Area
 - Total 5.6 sq mi (14.5 km2)
 - Land 5.6 sq mi (14.5 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation [1] 738 ft (225 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 14,405
 - Density 2,571.8/sq mi (993.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
FIPS code 55-31125[2]
GNIS feature ID 1565837[1]

Greendale is a village in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 14,405 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

Greendale was settled in 1938 as a public cooperative community in the New Deal Era. Construction of the new town would create jobs and thus help stimulate the national economic recovery following the Great Depression.

Greendale, which provided good housing at reasonable rents for moderate income urban families, was one of three "greenbelt" towns planned beginning in 1935 under the direction of Rexford Guy Tugwell, head of the United States Resettlement Administration, under authority of the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act. The two other greenbelt towns are Greenbelt, Maryland (near Washington, D.C.) and Greenhills, Ohio (near Cincinnati). The greenbelt towns not only provided work and affordable housing, but also served as a laboratory for experiments in innovative town planning. Greendale's plan was designed between 1936 and 1937 by a staff headed by Joseph Crane, Elbert Peets, Harry Bentley, and Walter C. Thomas for a site that had formerly consisted of 3,400 acres of farmland. Construction began in 1936 and the first homes were officially opened on May 1, 1938. Originally there were 274 single-family units consisting of two and three bedroom homes, 45 two-family units known as "Twins," with one, two and four bedrooms and 36 row houses containing a mix of one to three bedroom homes.

Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, visited the Village early in its history.

Geography

Greendale is located at 42°56′15″N 87°59′49″W / 42.937615°N 87.996884°W / 42.937615; -87.996884 (42.937615, -87.996884).[3] The Root River flows through the western part of the village.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 5.6 square miles (14.5 km2), of which, 5.6 square miles (14.5 km2) of it is land and 0.18% is water.

Demographics

As of the 2000 census, there were 14,405 people, 6,011 households, and 4,207 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,571.8 people per square mile (993.2/km2). There were 6,165 housing units at an average density of 1,100.7/sq mi (425.1/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 96.18% White, 0.28% African American, 0.16% Native American, 2.05% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.56% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.36% of the population.

There were 6,011 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the village the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 27.9% from 45 to 64, and 20.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.9 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $55,553, and the median income for a family was $65,071. Males had a median income of $47,534 versus $31,576 for females. The per capita income for the village was $28,363. About 3.0% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.1% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents

  • Noted nineteenth-century folklorist and linguist Jeremiah Curtin lived in what is now Greendale, but at the time was part of the rural Town of Greenfield. His boyhood home stands as a historic landmark.
  • Emmy-nominated actress Jane Kaczmarek was born and raised in Greendale. She attended Greendale High School and still plays a major role in its theater department.

Education

  • Greendale High School was named by Newsweek as one of America’s Best High Schools according to its 2009 rankings [4]. In 2007 it was ranked by Milwaukee Magazine as the top high school among the Milwaukee metropolitan area schools [5].
  • Martin Luther High School
  • Greendale Middle School is a public middle school.

References

  1. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  4. ^ http://www.newsweek.com/id/201160 Retrieved 2009-10-29
  5. ^ http://www.milwaukeemagazine.com/guides/default.asp?newmessageid=13643 Retrieved 2009-10-29

External links

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