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Coordinates: 55°56′58″N 4°45′51″W / 55.94957°N 4.76415°W / 55.94957; -4.76415

Greenock
Scottish Gaelic: Grianaig
Scots: Greenock
Greenock + Golden Princess .jpg
View west over Greenock with the Golden Princess at Clydeport Ocean Terminal
Greenock is located in Scotland
Greenock

 Greenock shown within Scotland
Population 45,467 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference NS275764
Council area Inverclyde
Lieutenancy area Renfrewshire
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GREENOCK
Postcode district PA15, PA16
Dialling code 01475
Police Strathclyde
Fire Strathclyde
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Inverclyde
Scottish Parliament Greenock and Inverclyde
List of places: UK • Scotland •

Greenock (About this sound listen ) (Scottish Gaelic: Grianaig, pronounced [ɡ̊ɾʲiənɛɡ̊ʲ]) is a town and administrative centre in the Inverclyde council area, and a former burgh within the historic county of Renfrewshire, located in the west Central Lowlands of Scotland. It forms part of a contiguous urban area with Gourock to the west and Port Glasgow to the east.

Greenock's population was recorded as being 45,467 in the 2001 census, a decrease from about 78,000 in 1966. It lies on the south bank of the Clyde at the "Tail of the Bank" where the River Clyde expands into the Firth of Clyde.

Contents

History

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Name

The origin of the town's name is uncertain. It is generally accepted, however, that the town is named after the Gaelic "Grianaig" meaning a sunny place. The suggestion that the town's name comes from the words Green Oak is folk etymology, but the image has been taken as a logo for the town's main shopping centre, The Oak Mall and was once emblazoned on the local Co-operative Society emblem. The story that 'Greenock' derives from 'Green Oak' is also perpetrated in a local song (The Green Oak Tree) and in the fact that the local dialect makes virtually no distinction between the syllables -ock and -oak. Significantly, no green oak appears on the town's coat of arms which features three sugar caskets, a sailing ship in full sail and three herring above the motto God Speed Greenock.

Early history

The area on which Greenock was founded included two estates: Cartsburn and Easter Greenock and Wester Greenock. Cartsburn and Easter Greenock had existed as a single estate since the rule of Mary Queen of Scots. A small fishing village was established there sometime prior to 1592. By 1670 a Crown Charter united the estates as the Burgh and Barony of Greenock with the exception of Cartsburn, which in 1669 became a distinct Barony with Burgh of Barony of Cartsdyke or Crawfurdsdyke. Greenock was quickly established as a port, and was the location for the second voyage as part of the ill-fated Darien Scheme. This fleet left on August 18, 1699 arriving in Panama on 30 November with the majority of its passengers diseased or dead. After the Act of Union 1707, Greenock's facilities made it the main port on the West Coast and it prospered due to trade with the Americas, importing sugar from the Caribbean.

In 1827 Loch Thom was constructed as a reservoir with The Cut aqueduct, bringing water to power industry.

Greenock Central railway station at Cathcart Street opened in 1841, for the first time providing a fast route from Glasgow to the coast linking up with Clyde steamer services. The provision of this new line eliminated the necessity of taking the steamer all the way down river from Glasgow. In 1869 the Caledonian Railway was bypassed by the rival Glasgow and South Western Railway which opened a station on the waterfront at Princes Pier. To regain custom, the Caledonian Railway extended (what is now known as the Inverclyde Line) the Glasgow, Paisley and Greenock Railway west to Gourock; this line was built to run inland through deep cuttings and tunnels to avoid disturbance to the villas of Greenock's west end. The Gourock line opened in 1889.

Prosperity

The Greenock Custom House building was designed by William Burn in 1818 and is considered by many to be the finest in Britain. It underwent refurbishment which was completed in 1989 and now houses a customs and excise museum which is open to the public on weekdays. In June 2008 HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) announced that the building would close in 2011 as part of a rationalisation project with any jobs being transferred to offices in Glasgow. In response, staff, their union PCS and local politicians organised a campaign to oppose HMRCs plans. Despite widespread opposition HMRC announced in December 2008 that the closure would definitely go ahead.

Victoria Tower

The Municipal Buildings with the Victoria Tower and "Cowan's Corner", and the Mid Kirk spire of 1781 to the left.

Greenock's increasing importance and wealth was manifested in the construction of the Italianate Municipal Buildings, whose Victoria Tower, completed in 1886, stands 245 feet (74.7 m) tall. Begun five years previously in a competition won by architects H. & D. Barclay, it exceeds the height of the tower of Glasgow City Chambers by more than a metre. The Municipal Buildings remain uncompleted, as a local businessman called Robert Cowan refused to sell his building in front of the tower for less than his own price, preventing completion of the right hand façade of the southern elevation.

Villas

Further evidence of this wealth can be seen in the large villas of Greenock's west end, one time home to the ship owners, industrialists and investors. The area is fronted by the mile long (1.6 km) sweep of the Esplanade with its views across the Clyde to Kilcreggan which almost convinces the visitor that no heavy industry could have been anywhere nearby.

Battery Park and torpedoes

At Fort Matilda railway station the Newton Street railway tunnel emerges near the coast. The excavated material from the construction of the tunnel was used as landfill to the west of the old coastal gun emplacement of Fort Matilda, forming a level area which became the playing fields of Battery Park.

In 1907 the Admiralty compulsory purchased part of this land and constructed the Clyde Torpedo Factory, which opened in 1910, with 700 workers transferred from the Royal Arsenal, Woolwich. The site was tasked with designing and testing of torpedoes. These were then tested in Loch Long. During the Second World War the site switched entirely to manufacturing torpedoes. The original gun battery site was occupied by the Navy Buildings, the main offices, just to the east of the torpedo factory buildings.

Old West Kirk

A church had been established in Greenock in 1591 under the patronage of John Schaw, the first built in Scotland since the Reformation. In 1926, to make way for expansion of the Harland & Wolff shipyard (the present-day location of Container Way), the Old West Kirk was relocated to a new site on the Esplanade where it still stands. The church is notable for its stained glass, whose artists include Dante Gabriel Rossetti and Sir Edward Burne-Jones. The Church has a web site which can be found at http://www.owkgreenock.info/ [1]

Second World War

Greenock suffered badly during the Second World War and its anchorage at the Tail of the Bank became the base for the Home Fleet as well as the main assembly point for Atlantic convoys. On 30 April 1940 the French Vauquelin class destroyer Maillé Brézé blew up off Greenock with heavy loss of life following an accident involving two of her own torpedoes. Although this disaster occurred before the Free French Naval Forces were established, many people tend to regard the Cross of Lorraine on Lyle Hill as a memorial to the loss of the Maillé Brézé as well as to the later losses of the Free French naval vessels which sailed from the town. On the nights of 6 May and 7 May 1941 around 300 Luftwaffe aircraft attacked the town in the Greenock Blitz.

A large building housing a drapery business constructed on Cowan's property at the corner of the Municipal Buildings was badly damaged and was demolished, leaving the blank brick corner area still known as "Cowan's Corner". This was later set as a garden for the blind.

The original blank brick of Cowans Corner was covered in 2008 to reduce the visual impact on cowans corner as part of the continuing work to improve the look of the town centre.

Postwar years

Greenock thrived in the post-war years but as the heavy industries declined in the 1970s and 1980s unemployment became a major problem, and it has only been in the last ten years with reinvestment and the redevelopment of large sections of the town that the local economy has started to revive. Tourism has also appeared as an unexpected bonus with the development of the Clydeport Container Terminal as an Ocean Terminal for cruise ships crossing the Atlantic. Students who do not travel further afield for study often attend the James Watt College of Further and Higher Education.

Greenock reached its population peak in 1921 (81,123) and was once the sixth largest town in Scotland.

Governance

Until 1974 Greenock was a parliamentary burgh in its own right. It was merged with Port Glasgow to form Greenock and Port Glasgow constituency. In 1997 it became Greenock and Inverclyde. After the redistribution of Scottish seats it was merged into an enlarged Inverclyde constituency- the first time in political history that Greenock has not been named in a parliamentary seat. Greenock and Inverclyde remains a Scottish Parliament constituency.

Health

The Inverclyde Royal Hospital is located in Greenock serving both the population of the town and wider area including Gourock, Port Glasgow, Dunoon and the Isle of Bute.[2]

Ravenscraig Hospital is also located in Greenock dealing with psychiatric, day patients, referrals and specialised prescribing.[3]

Geography

Areas and suburbs

Arran View, Bogston, Bow Farm, Braeside, Branchton, Bridgend, Broomhill, Cartsburn, Cornhaddock, Fancy Farm, Fort Matilda, Gibshill, Greenock West, Grieve Hill, Hole Farm, Larkfield, Lyle Hill, Lynedoch Overton, Pennyfern, Strone, Strone Farm, and Whinhill.

Economy

Historically, the town relied on shipbuilding, sugar refining and wool manufacturing for employment, but none of these industries are today part of Greenock's economy. More recently the town relied heavily on electronics manufacture. However this has given way mostly to call centre business, insurance, banking and shipping export.

The Fleming and Reid merino wool mill employed 500 people - mostly women and produced wool garments spun and woven at the mill. This mill was at the corner of Drumfrochar Road and Mill Road

Shipbuilding

Greenock waterfront from Victoria Harbour to Ocean Terminal, the skyline dominated by Victoria Tower.

In the early 17th century, the first pier was built in Greenock. Shipbuilding was already an important employer by this time. The first proper harbour was constructed in 1710 and the first well-known shipbuilders, Scott's, was established the following year. It was the oldest shipbuilding business in the world and gained numerous contracts with the Royal Navy from 1806, building ships such as the Glasgow.

Scott's was nationalised in 1969 and merged with Lithgow's (founded 1874, later the largest privately owned yard in the world) the same year becoming Scott Lithgow. From the 1800 to 1980 many thousands of people worked to design, build and repair ships. The reduction in shipbuilding in the 1970s and 1980s meant that none of these companies are still trading.

Greenock Ship builders included: Scotts, Browns, William Lithgows, Fergusons, Head the Boat Builder (lifeboats). There were also other shipbuilding related companies eg engine-makers: Kincaids, Scotts, Rankin and Blackmore (which included the Eagle Foundry). Hasties (for steering gear), Lamonts (ship repair). Yacht builders included: Adams and McLean (at Cardwell Bay). Other yards included Cartsburn, Cartsdyke, and Klondyke - all of which closed during the 1970s and 1980s due to competition from South Korea and Japan.

Part of the site of the Scott's yard, is now a T-Mobile call centre.

Ship repair work continues at the Garvel dry dock.

Shipping

Ocean Terminal seen from the esplanade.

Freight traffic is handled at the container cranes of Greenock's Ocean Terminal, at Prince's Pier which was constructed for the Glasgow and South Western Railway. The same terminal is also a regular port of call for cruise liners visiting the west of Scotland.

Greenock's Great Harbour is one of the three main ports providing marine services support to the Royal Navy, in dual site operation with Faslane at HMNB Clyde on the Gare Loch. This formerly came under the Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service, but is currently operated by Serco Denholm, who are preferred bidders for the next contract. This facility means that "Admiralty" boats and tugs are a common sight on the Clyde.

Greenock's attractive esplanade provides a gently curving riverside walk just over a mile (1.6 km) long extending to the west from Ocean Terminal to the Royal West Boat Club sailing and rowing facilities and clubhouse at the corner of the Navy Buildings which house a main Her Majesty's Coastguard centre as well as a Royal Naval Reserve establishment, HMS Dalriada.

Sugar

The Sugar Warehouse dominates the James Watt Dock

Sugar refining began in Greenock in 1765.[4] John Walker began a sugar refinery in Greenock in 1850 followed by the prominent local cooper and shipowner Abram Lyle who, with four partners, purchased the Glebe Sugar Refinery in 1865. Another 12 refineries were active at one point. The most famous of these (and successful, being the only survivor until August 1997) was Tate & Lyle. It was formed from a merger in 1921 between Abram Lyle, who had expanded into Plaistow, and Henry Tate, who had set up a sugar refinery in Liverpool and had also expanded into London.

By the end of the 19th century, around 400 ships a year were transporting sugar from Caribbean holdings to Greenock for processing in the 14 sugar refineries, including: The Westburn, Walkers, The Glebe, Lochore and Ferguson and Dempster. There was also a sugar beet factory on Ingleston Street. Tobacco from the Americas also arrived here.

When Tate and Lyle finally closed its Greenock refinery in 1997 it brought to an end the town's 150-year old connections with sugar manufacture. A newly built sugar warehouse continued shipping operations at Greenock's Ocean Terminal. The former sugar warehouse at the James Watt Dock was by then scheduled as a category A listed building as a fine example of early industrial architecture, with an unusual feature of a colonnade of cast iron columns forming a sheltered unloading area next to the quayside. This building has since lain empty, with various schemes being proposed for conversion and restoration. The photographs show the building still intact in February 2006, but a fire on the evening of 12 June 2006 caused severe damage to much of the building before being brought under control in the early hours of 13 June. The local council confirmed that parts of the building will have to be taken down to ensure public safety, but promised an investigation and emphasised the importance of this world heritage building.[5]

Fotunately in 2007, contracts to develop the sugar refinery into housing went ahead and the building is slowly being restored to its grand spectacle along side the ever increasingly developing waterfront of the East end of Greenock. Many new and exciting housing projects combining new environmentally friendly technologies along with historically fashioned architecture are restoring Greenocks Waterfront facia to its once glorious former self.

Ref: [http://www.inverclyde.gov.uk/news/2010/jan/163-180-million-regeneration-project-approved/ ]

Electronics

Since IBM arrived in the town in 1951, electronics and light manufacturing have, until recently, been the mainstay of local employment. National Semiconductor has also run a silicon wafer manufacturing plant in the town since 1970.

However, with manufacturing moving to Eastern Europe and Asia, work has shifted to the service sector, especially call centres. T-Mobile and IBM both have major call centre operations in Greenock, while the Royal Bank of Scotland Mortgage Centre processes Mortgage applications from throughout the UK & Ireland.

IBM have in recent years curtailed their operations greatly in the area. Sanmina, another electronics company, took over much of the IBM installation. As of 2006, Sanmina have themselves announced major cuts, with 370 jobs being moved to Hungary. [1]

The Sanmina plant has since ceased operation and is in the process of being demolished.

Lenovo has now also re-located away from Greenock, and the plant is at 10% of the 1999/2000 capacity

As of 2008 the plant has now been scheduled for 'shutdown' with the remaining workers being 'relocated'

Since the beginning of 2009, demolition work has been ongoing at the original IBM site.

Trade and commerce

Greenock's main shopping throughfare was Hamilton Street, which connected West Blackhall Street in the west to Clyde Square in the east. In 1975 it disappeared along with several other streets as the area was pedestrianised as Hamilton Way. In the 1990s it was refurbished again, and The Oak Mall indoor shopping centre now forms the central feature of the town, and provides most of the major retail shops in Inverclyde, with approximately 85 units, with main anchor stores including Marks and Spencer, Boots, Primark and a newly opened New Look store. Marks and Spencer is in its original building (dating from 1936) which was simply built round during the first phase of pedestrianisation.[6] In addition, two major supermarkets Tesco and Morrisons are sited near the mall. A retail estate is located nearby, in front of the Waterfront swimming pool and leisure centre, and the streets around the mall provide a large number of smaller shops. Small groups of shops in most of the areas of the town provide for day to day needs, but most of the specialist shops are in the town centre. The town contains one diplomatic mission, an Italian consulate.

Transport

Greenock's most significant transportation connection is the Container Terminal (see above).

Greenock is Scotland's best served town in terms of railway stations. It boasts nine: Bogston, Cartsdyke, Greenock Central, Greenock West, Fort Matilda, Whinhill, Drumfrochar, Branchton and IBM Halt. Only Glasgow has a much greater number of stations and Edinburgh possesses only one more. Greenock also has the longest railway tunnel in Scotland at 1.2 miles in length. Located directly under Newton Street in the town, the tunnel allowed for the extension of the railway to Gourock.

Greenock is located at the end of the A8 road/M8 motorway which begins in Edinburgh. It is also the northern terminus of Euroroute E05 which heads south through England, France and Spain, ending at the Spanish port of Algeciras which also possesses a container terminal.

Culture

Greenock is one of the settings for Alan Sharp's 1965 novel A Green Tree in Gedde. It is fictionalised as 'Gantock' by Robin Jenkins in his 1979 novel Fergus Lamont (The Gky shoal in the Firth of Clyde nearby, just off Dunoon). Alasdair Gray's 1984 novel 1982, Janine is set in a Greenock hotel room. Matthew Fitt's cyberpunk novel But'n'Ben A-Go-Go features a submerged Greenock after the effects of global warming. Greenock has also featured in several of the poems of Douglas Dunn.

The Victorian landscape artist John Atkinson Grimshaw depicted a somewhat idealised Greenock in several of his paintings.

Greenock has featured as the backdrop to several films: the television films Just a Boys' Game (1979), Down Where The Buffalo Go (1988) and Down Among the Big Boys (1993) [7] and the cinema films Sweet Sixteen (2002) and Dear Frankie (2004).

Media

The town has a daily evening newspaper, The Greenock Telegraph. Dating from 1857, it is one of the oldest daily local newspapers in the United Kingdom.

Inverclyde now is a daily on line newspaper based in Gourock[8], and Inverclyde FM on line is a community Internet radio station run by volunteers.[9]

Notable residents

A statue at the original James Watt College building marks the site of his birthplace.

Greenock's most noted son is the engineer James Watt. He is remembered in the name of the local college, at the library instituted in his memory, by the original James Watt Memorial College building on the site of his birth place in William Street which incorporates a commemorative statue and by a much-loved pub.

Other famous Greenockians include: the composers Hamish MacCunn and William Wallace, musicians John McGeoch and Thomas Leer, poets Denis Devlin, W. S. Graham and Jean Adam, merchant Matthew Algie, actors Richard Wilson, Stella Gonet and Martin Compston, artist William Scott, playwrights Bill Bryden, Neil Paterson and Peter McDougall, comedian Charles 'Chic' Murray, opera singer Hugh Enes Blackmore, broadcaster Jimmy Mack, American Footballer Lawrence Tynes and Antarctic explorer Henry Robertson 'Birdie' Bowers.

People associated with Greenock

Pirate William Kidd claimed on death row that he was born in Greenock, however subsequent evidence has shown that he was born either in Belfast or Dundee.[10][11][12]

Mary Campbell, Robert Burns' Highland Mary, is buried in Greenock Cemetery where there is a monument to her memory. Greenock is also home to the world's first Burns club, The Mother Club, which was founded in 1801.

The novelist John Galt, noted for founding Guelph, Ontario in 1827, lived in the town and based some of his work, most notably Annals of the Parish (1821), on Greenock and surrounding towns. He is buried in the Inverkip Street Cemetery.

The mother of American comedian and writer Jay Leno, Catherine Muir, was born in Greenock and emigrated to the US as a child. The American actress Julianne Moore is the daughter of the late Anne Love, a former psychiatric social worker who also emigrated from Greenock.

The 19th century romantic composer Hamish MacCunn, who is famed for his composition "The Land of the Mountain and the Flood" based on Sir Walter Scott's lyrical and description of the Scottish landscape was also born and raised in Greenock.

The Rev William C. Hewitt (minister at Westburn Parish Church in Greenock), Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland in 2009-2010, is the first serving minister at a church in Greenock to be appointed.

Abdel Basset al-Megrahi, the Libyan intelligence officer convicted of the Lockerbie Bombing was incarcerated at Greenock Prison from 2005 until his release on 20 August 2009.

Multi-millionaire property developer David Roberts, one of the UK's most important art collectors[13] was born and grew up in Greenock.

Sports

Greenock Morton F.C.[2] are the local senior football team who currently play in the Scottish Football League First Division. Founded in 1874 as Morton F.C., they play their home matches at Cappielow. At lower levels of the game, Greenock Juniors F.C. play in the Stagecoach West of Scotland junior football league.

In addition, Greenock also plays host to a rugby union team, Greenock Wanderers RFC [3], and is the home town of the Greenock Cricket Club[4].

Public Sports and Leisure Facilities

Leisure facilities in Greenock are primarily provided by Inverclyde Leisure. There are several sports facilities in the town and surrounding area managed by Inverclyde Leisure:

  • Waterfront Leisure Complex
  • Greenock Sports Centre
  • Lady Octavia Sports Centre
  • Boglestone Community Centre and Fitness Gym
  • Ravenscraig Sports Centre
  • Battery Park Pavilion
  • Gourock Fitness Gym
  • Gourock Outdoor Swimming Pool
  • Birkmyre Park Fitness Gym (Kilmacolm)

As of 2009, there are plans to build a new multi-purpose facility at Rankin Park.[14]

Climate

Mean monthly temperatures (click to enlarge)

Greenock’s climate is temperate maritime having mainly cool summers but with relatively mild winters. Its location means that the heat retentive properties of seawater help keep winter temperatures higher. Additionally, the effect of the Gulf Stream on the Clyde helps Greenock's average temperature stay approximately one degree above that of eastern coastal towns on the same latitude. Indeed Greenock's latitude (55.94 degrees north with a longitude of 4.75 degrees west) places it at the same latitude as the Moscow area. The warming effect of the Gulf Stream however, keeps the winter weather in Greenock much milder than that of Moscow.

Looking north west over Greenock in winter

Greenock anecdotally has the reputation for having higher than average rainfall (the song The Green Oak Tree comments on this) but this is not statistically true; the Western Highlands in fact has the highest average rainfall in Scotland.[15]

Source: http://uk.weather.com/

Greenock's location gives long hours of daylight in midsummer with the opposite true in midwinter. On the longest day, 21 June, the sun rises at 04:31 and sets at 22:07. In midwinter, 21 December, the sun rises at 08:46 and sets at 15:44.

Twin cities

Greenock's twin cities are:

Gallery

References

External links

Haste ye back!

Further reading

  • Monteith, J (2004) Old Greenock
  • Snoddy, TG (1937) Round About Greenock
  • Weir, D (1827, r. 2004) History of the Town of Greenock

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Greenock is a town in Inverclyde, Scotland.

Get in

The town is situated at the mouth of the River Clyde in the picturesque area of Inverclyde. Greenock has easy transport routes from main population centres and airports.

  • From Glasgow/Glasgow Airport take the M8 (becomes A8) heading West.
  • From Ayr/Prestwick Airport take the A78 heading North.
  • From Ayr or the "Prestwick-Airport" Station, take the train to "Paisley-Gilmour Street", and change to platform 2 for the "Gourock" or "Wemyss Bay" Train. You can then alight at either "Bogston", "Cartsdyke", "Greenock-Central", Greenock-West", or "Fort Matilda" (Gourock Train) or "Whinhill", "Drumfrochar", or "Branchton" (Wemyss Bay train). Obviously, "Greenock-Central" is the nearest to the centre of the town itself.
  • From Glasgow Central train station, simply take the "Gourock" train and alight at either "Greenock-Central" or "Greenock-West". Journey time between 25 minutes-45 minutes.
  • From Glasgow International Airport, take the bus to "Paisley-Gilmour Street" and take the train to "Gourock" alighting at either "Greenock-Central" or "Greenock-West".
  • From Glasgow, take the 901 Citylink bus for Gourock (McInroy's Point) or Greenock (town centre) - both are hourly, Mon-Sat. There are also ocassional peak services numbered 906 which extend to Largs but also travel via Greenock.
  • Also, from Glasgow, take the 901 McGill's bus service to Largs which travels via Greenock - again, hourly, Mon-Sat - but do NOT serve Glasgow Airport. Journey time is around 1 hour.
  • From Ayr, take the 585 "Greenock" Stagecoach bus - be warned though, it's half hourly (or every 20mins during the summer) frequency and takes around 2 hours to complete.
  • From Largs, you can also take the 585 or jump on a McGill's 901/576/or 577 service which all either terminate or travel through Greenock. Journey time is no longer than 30-45 mins.
  • From Clydebank, take a Scottish Travel number 22 bus which operate every half hour and take no longer than 45 minutes to get to Greenock.
  • From Port Glasgow and Gourock, almost every bus heading towards greenock terminates there, so passengers can enjoy frequencies (on "main" routes into town) of every 5 minutes or more.

Get around

Greenock is not a huge town, so it is fairly easy to get around the place on foot. However if you wish to wander around in the hills above the town to take advantage of the spectacular view of the mountains across the Clyde, then using a car to get to those places wouldn't be a bad idea.

The roads in Greenock are pretty easy to find your way around on, but you should definitely bring a streetmap. Also, watch out as the very centre of the town is governed by a quite awkward one-way system.

The locals are friendly (despite what you may have heard) and will gladly point you in the right direction.

See

There are many things to see and do in Greenock. As mentioned previously there are the stunning views from the hills around the town.

  • A particularly nice spot is Craig's Top which provides a panoramic 360degree view of the whole area including a magnificent view over the gateway to the Highlands. "Craig's Top" is found at the summit of Lyle hill at the start of "Lyle Road". You can have a taste of the 360 degree view by going here (www.finke.me/360.zip)
  • A further enjoyable experience is to Walk the Cut. The "Cut" is an aqueduct, and beside it a near level pathway winds up round the hills to the South West of the town. This path rings round Dunrod Hill and takes you to Loch Thom, a reservoir constructed in 1824 to supply Greenock's water, now also used for leisure fishing. At the point where The Cut meets the loch the Cornalees Centre provides facilities for nature study and the focus for nature trails and pathways.
  • One of Greenock's most enjoyable walks is The Esplanade this is a beautiful road right down at the edge of the water. The views are breathtaking, with Helensburgh, Kilcreggan and the Highlands to see across the impressive expanse of The Clyde. If you are very lucky, you may even see a Baby Seal!.
  • Nestled between Greenock and the neighbouring town of Gourock is The Battery Park. This is a field of green grass and playing fields, with a stunning view to the mountains beyond. There are two children's playparks with the small one for toddlers and the larger for older children, a small but reasonable skate-park, an astroturf football pitch and a small cafe. The beautiful town of Gourock is also within walking distance. The Battery Park is just off Eldon Street.

Do

The town also hosts a varied range of activities. There is something for everyone in and around Greenock.

  • Underheugh Cottage[1] : Underheugh Cottage is one of the area's most loved secrets. The Cottage is a working smallholding, which is fully self-sufficient. At Underheugh Cottage there are a range of activities you can undertake by appointment. These include Scottish Nature Treks (got for a walk on the Fell and see the wonder of Scottish wildlife), A Highland Experience (get the chance to dress up and get a feel for life as it was in ancient Scotland), A Pig-keeping course (get up close and personal with these fine animals), Amateur or Professional Gardening courses (whatever level of interest you have you will find an experience to suit you). The price of the course is well worth it when you consider the wealth of experience you will walk away with. This is a really great way to learn more about the Highlands and a range of subjects in the environment of a traditional Scottish Cottage.
  • Waterfront Cinema[2] : This is the small local cinema. The screens are relatively small as are the selection of films available to see (normally only the blockbusters and so on). However, if you choose your time well you could be lucky enough to view a whole film in your own private cinema, as the locals rarley go to the cinema during the day on weekdays. So the place has its merits. Alternatively you can just download films and watch it on your laptop monitor since it's bigger than three of the four screens.
  • Waterfront Leisure Centre [3] : This is a large and well equipped leisure centre situated at the Waterfront near the centre of Greenock. There is a large swimming pool with plenty of fun slides. There is an Ice-Rink and a well equipped Gym. The enormous glass wall on the Waterside of the building provides beautiful views while you are working out, swimming, or enjoying a skate.
  • McLean Museum and Art Gallery [4]: This is a nice museum which features an interesting feature on the history of ship-building at Greenock on The Clyde. Alongside this the Museum boasts an extensive array of taxidermy specimens of animals and insects. When coupled with the regular and varied displays of local and national artist's works, the McLean makes for an enlightening experience. A welcome addition to what has been known in the past as an "Industrial Town". Greenock has its fair share of Art and Culture.
  • The Oak Mall [5] in Greenock is the main shopping centre. Contains Shops such as Dorothy Perkins, Topshop, New Look, Burtons, Marks & Spencer, Clinton Cards, Boots, Millets, Superdrug, Game, Greggs, WH Smith, Internacionale, Makays, Argos, JJB Sports, Original Shoe and more.

In the Oak mall you will also find an Aulds bakery shop which is a really popular local chain where they sell the locally made popular Aulds pies. This is also a sit in cafe where you can sample some of the baked goods with a nice cuppa.

There is also an O'briens sandwich bar in the middle of the centre and a cafe called Leos both of which you can sit in.

The mall is very clean and is patroled by security.

Outwith the shopping centre there is a large Tesco store which has electrical and clothing as well as the usuall food!

There is also a wide range of shops in the streets surrounding "The Oak Mall". The main streets of interest being "West Blackhall Street" and "Cathcart Street".

  • Aldos Restaurant
  • Milan Restaurant
  • Morgans Restaurant
  • Leo's
  • Oasis
  • Tokyo Joes
  • The James Watt
  • The Waterline
  • O'Briens
  • Aulds
  • The Argylle
  • Slanj
  • Cafe Balfe
  • The Esplanade Cafe

Drink

Greenock usually has a good busy atmosphere on Thursday, Friday and Saturday nights. Thursday is student night (With discounted entry to some clubs eg word up) and therefore can determine the croud. There are many great bands who play locally. Thursday and Saturday nights are the best for catching a good band; Places like Slanj and the Argyle have regular performers ranging from Tribute acts to some great local talent, comedians and other shows.

Pubs: Slanj - Serves food, music and entertainment in evening the Horse Shoe - old fashioned pub, popular kariokie in evenings. The Argyle - Nicely furbished small pub with beer garden, serves food, evening entertainment Black Cat - A dads favourite! Waterline - Mainly a resteraunt with a bar, good for a drink in the evening after meal/b4 going out Tokyo Joes - Newly opened, beer garden, serves food, nightclub in evening (Over 25's) The James Watt - A wetherspoons, Serves food, large building, No music, beer garden, can have drink deals The Old Bank Bar - beer garden, serves food, busy on a sat night!

NightClubs Oxygen- Dancey atmosphere, generally 18-24 age group here Harwoods - Aims for an over 23 age group (Usually the more discerning clientelle!) Word Up Biggest nightclub in greenock, 3 rooms, mix of music, dance, R&B, Pop, oldies, Indie depending on room, busiest club, mix of people. (Attatched to TEXT)Strict bouncers regarding ID! Text Bar during day serves variety of drinks and coctails, attatched to word up popular bar b4 word up opens, can get free entry to club if in here before a certain time, on certain nights. Red - Nightclub, good mix of music, generally younger crowd.

  • Tontine Hotel, Union St.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Simple English

Greenock (Gaelic Grianaig, is a large town in the Inverclyde council area of western Scotland.

Greenock's population was recorded as being 45,467 in the 2001 census, a decrease from about 78,000 in 1966. It lies on the south bank of the Clyde at the "Tail of the Bank" where the River Clyde expands into the Firth of Clyde, and is in what was the county of Renfrewshire.


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