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Greenville, Alabama
—  City  —
Butler County Courthouse in Greenville
Nickname(s): Camellia City
Location in Butler County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates: 31°49′52″N 86°37′39″W / 31.83111°N 86.6275°W / 31.83111; -86.6275
Country United States
State Alabama
County Butler
Founded
Government
 - Type Mayor/Council
 - Mayor Dexter McLendon
Area
 - Total 21.4 sq mi (55.3 km2)
 - Land 21.2 sq mi (54.8 km2)
 - Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation 440 ft (134 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 7,228
 Density 337.8/sq mi (130.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 36037
Area code(s) 334
FIPS code 01-31912
GNIS feature ID 0119376
Website http://www.greenville-alabama.com/

Greenville is a city in Butler County, Alabama, United States. At the 2000 census, the population was 7,228.[1] The city is the county seat of Butler County and is known as the Camellia City, the state flower of Alabama. The push to change the state flower from the goldenrod to the camellia originated in Greenville.[citation needed]

Contents

History

Greenville was first settled in 1819. Immigrants named it Greenville due to the forests of oak trees that reminded them of their former home in Greenville, South Carolina.[2] Greenville's original name was Buttsville.[3]

After becoming the county seat in 1822, its name was changed to Greenville, in remembrance of the former locale in South Carolina of many of the original settlers. The first county seat was at Fort Dale, a fortification that was named for Sam Dale, who fought to defend the area during the Creek Indian War. The site of Fort Dale lies on the north of the city near the Fort Dale Cemetery, along what is now Alabama Highway 185.

The namesake of the county, Captain William Butler, was killed during the Creek Indian War. He is buried in the Pioneer Cemetery, which is across from the oldest church in Butler County, the First United Methodist Church of Greenville.

During World War II, a satellite camp for German prisoners was based in Greenville.[4]

Geography

Greenville is located at 31°49'52.583" North, 86°37'39.241" West (31.831273, -86.627567)[5].

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.3 square miles (55 km2). of which 21.1 square miles (55 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.84%) is water.[6]

Demographics

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 7,228 people, 2,919 households, and 1,929 families residing in the city.[1] The population density was 341.7 inhabitants per square mile (131.9 /km2). There were 3,324 housing units at an average density of 157.1 per square mile (60.7 /km2).[6] The racial makeup of the city was 50.69% White, 48.31% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.06% from other races, and 0.30% from two or more races. 0.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[1]

There were 2,919 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.6% were married couples living together, 23.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.02.[1]

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 80.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.6 males.[1]

The median income for a household in the city was $22,106, and the median income for a family was $27,167. Males had a median income of $29,236 versus $20,125 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,439. About 24.8% of families and 30.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.4% of those under age 18 and 26.1% of those age 65 or over.[1]

Education

Primary and Secondary Education

Public education is provided by the Butler County Board of Education.

  • High School: Greenville High School
  • Middle School: Greenville Middle School
  • Elementary School: W.O. Parmer Elementary and Greenville Elementary School

Private schools in Greenville include Fort Dale Academy [1] and Camellia City Christian School.

Post-Secondary Education

  • Lurleen B. Wallace Community College, member of the Alabama Community College System awards two-year associate degrees and professional certificates. [8]

Economy

Prior to the Civil War, cotton farming was the main occupation in Butler County. During the 1850s lines along the Mobile and Ohio Railroad were constructed, making the county a major trading center. Greenville was a railroad town and became the center of commerce between Montgomery and south Alabama. During the late nineteenth century, the construction of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad through Greenville contributed further to the town's success. At the turn of the century, Gulf Red Cedar Company and Factory in Greenville became a noted bucket manufacturing enterprise. Current industries in Butler County include Hysco America Corporation, CorStone Industry, Connector Manufacturing, and Hwashin American Corporation.[9]

Media

Radio Stations

WGYV has applied to relocate its license to Aurora, Indiana.[10]

Newspaper

  • Greenville Advocate (weekly)

Recreation and culture

The city's residents were featured on the premiere episode of the ABC reality/game show series My Kind of Town, on Sunday, August 14, 2005.

Greenville has gained national attention of late because it is home to one of the premier golf courses on the Robert Trent Jones golf trail, Cambrian Ridge. The clubhouse for the golf course was built on the highest point in Butler County. Greenville is also the home of the Watermelon Jubilee, a locally popular arts and crafts exposition.

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Fact Sheet- Greenville city, Alabama". American Fact Finder. United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=&_geoContext=&_street=&_county=greenville&_cityTown=greenville&_state=04000US01&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010&show_2003_tab=&redirect=Y. Retrieved 7 January 2010. 
  2. ^ "History". City of Greenville, Alabama. http://www.greenville-alabama.com/Default.asp?ID=5. Retrieved 7 January 2010. 
  3. ^ "Alabama Counties: Butler County". Alabama Department of Archives and History. 
  4. ^ Hutchinson, Daniel (October 6, 2009). "World War II POW Camps in Alabama". Encyclopedia of Alabama. http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1304. Retrieved 7 January 2010. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b "Geographic Comparison Table- Alabama". American Fact Finder. United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/GCTTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=04000US01&-_box_head_nbr=GCT-PH1&-ds_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U&-format=ST-7. Retrieved 7 January 2010. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ accessdate = 8 January 2010 "About LBWCC". Lurleen B. Wallace Community College. http://www.lbwcc.edu/cms/page.aspx?pageid=168 accessdate = 8 January 2010. 
  9. ^ "Butler County". Encyclopedia of Alabama. December 10, 2009. http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1304. Retrieved 7 January 2010. 
  10. ^ "Application Search Details (BMJP-20051031AGM)". FCC Media Bureau. August 6, 2008. http://fjallfoss.fcc.gov/cgi-bin/ws.exe/prod/cdbs/pubacc/prod/app_det.pl?Application_id=1094876. 

External links

Coordinates: 31°49′53″N 86°37′39″W / 31.831273°N 86.627567°W / 31.831273; -86.627567


Simple English

Greenville, Alabama
—  City  —
Coordinates: 31°49′52″N 86°37′39″W / 31.83111°N 86.6275°W / 31.83111; -86.6275
Country United States
State Alabama
County Butler
Area
 - Total 21.4 sq mi (55.3 km2)
 - Land 21.2 sq mi (54.8 km2)
 - Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation 440 ft (134 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 7,228
 Density 337.8/sq mi (130.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 36037
Area code(s) 334
FIPS code 01-31912
GNIS feature ID 0119376

Greenville is a city in Butler County, Alabama, United States. At the 2000 census, the population was 7,228. The city is the county seat of Butler County and is known as the Camellia City, the state flower of Alabama.








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