Greenwich: Wikis

  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 51°28′45″N 0°00′00″E / 51.4791°N 0.0000°E / 51.4791; 0.0000

Greenwich
312SFEC LONDON-20070917.JPG
Royal Observatory, Greenwich
Greenwich is located in Greater London
Greenwich

 Greenwich shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ395775
London borough Greenwich
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district SE10
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Greenwich and Woolwich
London Assembly Greenwich and Lewisham
List of places: UK • England • London

Greenwich (pronounced /ˈɡrɛnɪtʃ/ ( listen) gren-itch, /ˈɡrɛnɪdʒ/ gren-idge, or /ˈɡrɪnɪdʒ/ grin-idge)[1][2] is a district in south-east London, England, on the south bank of the River Thames in the London Borough of Greenwich. It is best known for its maritime history and as giving its name to the Greenwich Meridian (0° longitude) and Greenwich Mean Time.

The town became the site of a Royal palace, the Palace of Placentia from the 15th century, and was the birthplace of many in the House of Tudor, including Henry VIII and Elizabeth I. The palace fell into disrepair during the English Civil War and was rebuilt as the Royal Naval Hospital for Sailors by Sir Christopher Wren and his assistant Nicholas Hawksmoor. These buildings became the Royal Naval College in 1873, and they remained an establishment for military education until 1998 when they passed into the hands of the Greenwich Foundation. The historic rooms within these buildings remain open to the public; other buildings are used by University of Greenwich and the Trinity College of Music.

The town became a popular resort in the 17th century with many grand houses, such as Vanbrugh castle established on Maze Hill, next to the park. From the Georgian period estates of houses were constructed above the town centre. The maritime connections of Greenwich were celebrated in the 20th century, with the sitting of the Cutty Sark and Gipsy Moth IV next to the river front, and the National Maritime Museum in the former buildings of the Royal Hospital School in 1934. Greenwich formed part of Kent until 1889 when the County of London was created.

Contents

History

Toponomy

Grenewic, or Grenevic originates with the Saxons, and is literally the green village or the village on the green.[3] It became known as East Greenwich to distinguish it from West Greenwich or Deptford Strond, the part of Deptford adjacent to the Thames,[4] but the use of East Greenwich to mean the whole of the town of Greenwich died out in the 19th century. However, Greenwich was divided into the two Poor Law Unions of Greenwich East and Greenwich West from the beginning of Civil registration in 1837, the boundary running down what is now Greenwich Church Street and Crooms Hill, although more modern references to "East" and "West" Greenwich probably refer to the areas east and west of the Royal Naval College and National Maritime Museum corresponding with the West Greenwich council ward. An article in The Times of 13 October 1967 stated:

East Greenwich, gateway to the Blackwall Tunnel, remains solidly working class, the manpower for one eighth of London's heavy industry. West Greenwich is a hybrid: the spirit of Nelson, the Cutty Sark, the Maritime Museum, an industrial waterfront and a number of elegant houses, ripe for development.[5]

Early settlement

Tumuli to the south-west of Flamsteed House,[6] in Greenwich Park, are thought to be early Bronze Age barrows re-used by the Saxons in the 6th century as burial grounds. To the east between the Vanbrugh and Maze Hill Gates is the site of a Roman villa or temple. A small area of red paving tesserae protected by railings marks the spot. It was excavated in 1902 and 300 coins were found dating from the emperors Claudius and Honorius to the 4th century.

The Roman road from London to Dover, Watling Street crossed the high ground to the south of Greenwich, through Blackheath. This followed the line of an earlier Celtic route from Canterbury to St Albans.[7] As late as Henry V, Greenwich was only a fishing town, with a safe anchorage in the river.[4]

Alphege and the Danes

During the reign of Ethelred the Unready, the Danish fleet anchored in the river Thames off Greenwich for over three years, with the army being encamped on the hill above. From here they attacked Kent, and in the year 1012, took the city of Canterbury, making Alphege the Archbishop their prisoner for seven months in their camp at Greenwich. They stoned him to death for his refusal to allow his ransom (3,000 pieces of silver) to be paid and kept his body, until the blossoming of a stick that had been immersed in his blood. For this miracle his body was released to his followers, he achieved sainthood for his martyrdom, and in the 12th century the parish church was dedicated to him. The present church on the site west of the town centre is St Alfege's Church, designed by Nicholas Hawksmoor in 1714 and completed in 1718. Some vestiges of the Danish camps may be traced in the names of Eastcombe and Westcombe, on the borders of nearby Blackheath.[3]

Royal Greenwich

The Domesday Book records the manor of Greenwich as held by the Bishop Odo of Bayeux; his lands were seized by the crown in 1082. A royal palace, or hunting lodge, has existed here since before 1300, when Edward III is known to have made offerings at the chapel of the Virgin Mary. Subsequent monarchs were regular visitors, with Henry IV making his will here, and Henry V granting the manor (for life) to Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter, who died at Greenwich in 1417. The palace was created by Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, the regent to Henry VI in 1447; enclosing the park and erecting a tower on the spot of the Royal Observatory. It was renamed the Palace of Placentia or Pleasaunce by Henry VI's consort Margaret of Anjou after Humphrey's death. The palace was completed and further enlarged by Edward IV, and in 1466 it was granted to his Queen, Elizabeth.[3]

The palace was the principal residence of Henry VII, and his sons, Henry (later Henry VIII) and Edmund Tudor were born here, and baptised in St Alphege's. Henry favoured Greenwich over nearby Eltham Palace, the former principal royal palace. Both Mary (February 18, 1516) and Elizabeth (September 7, 1533) were born at Greenwich. The palace of Placentia, in turn, became Elizabeth's favourite summer residence.[3]

During the English Civil War, the palace was used as a biscuit factory and prisoner of war camp, then with the Interregnum, the palace and park were seized to become a 'mansion' for the Lord Protector. At The Restoration, the Palace of Placentia had fallen into disuse and was pulled down. New buildings began to be established as a grand palace for Charles II, but only the King Charles block was completed. It was suggested that the buildings be adapted for a Greenwich Hospital, designed by Wren, and later completed by Hawksmoor. Anne of Denmark had a house built by Inigo Jones on the hill above, overlooking the hospital and river - now the centrepiece of the National Maritime Museum,[3] founded in 1934 and housed in the buildings of the former Royal Hospital School.

The Royal association with Greenwich was now broken, but the group of buildings remain that form the core of the World Historic Site.

To mark the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II, it was announced on 5 January 2010 that in 2012, the London Borough of Greenwich is to become the fourth Royal Borough, due to its historic links with the Royal Family, and its status as home of the Prime Meridian and as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[8]

Governance

Greenwich is covered by the Greenwich West and Peninsula wards of the London Borough of Greenwich, which was formed in 1965 by merging the former Metropolitan Borough of Greenwich with that part of the Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich which lay south of The Thames. Along with Blackheath Westcombe, Charlton, Glyndon, Woolwich Riverside, and Woolwich Common, it elects a Member of Parliament (MP) for Greenwich and Woolwich; currently the MP is Nick Raynsford.[9]

Geography

Topography

The town of Greenwich is built on a broad platform to the south of the outside of a broad meander in the River Thames, with a safe deep water anchorage lying in the river. To the south, the land rises steeply, 100 feet (30 m) through Greenwich Park to the town of Blackheath. The higher areas consist of a sedimentary layer of gravely soils, known as the Blackheath Beds, that spread through much of the south east over a chalk outcrop – with sands, loam and seams of clay at the lower levels by the river.

Greenwich is bordered by Deptford Creek and Deptford to the west; the former industrial centre of the Greenwich Peninsula, and the residential area of Westcombe Park to the east; the river Thames to the north; and the A2 and Blackheath common to the south.

The view from Greenwich Park, with the Queen's House and the wings of the National Maritime Museum in the foreground

Climate

This data was collected between 1971 and 2000 at the weather station situated in Greenwich:

Climate data for Greenwich
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high °C (°F) 7.9
(46)
8.2
(47)
10.9
(52)
13.3
(56)
17.2
(63)
20.2
(68)
22.8
(73)
22.6
(73)
19.3
(67)
15.2
(59)
10.9
(52)
8.8
(48)
Average low °C (°F) 2.4
(36)
2.2
(36)
3.8
(39)
5.2
(41)
8.0
(46)
11.1
(52)
13.6
(56)
13.3
(56)
10.9
(52)
8.8
(48)
4.8
(41)
3.3
(38)
Precipitation mm (inches) 51.9
(2.04)
34.0
(1.34)
42.0
(1.65)
45.2
(1.78)
47.2
(1.86)
53.0
(2.09)
38.3
(1.51)
47.3
(1.86)
56.9
(2.24)
61.5
(2.42)
52.3
(2.06)
54.0
(2.13)
Source: Met Office[10] 2009

Sites of interest

Riverfront

The Cutty Sark (a clipper ship) has been preserved in a dry dock by the river. A major fire in May 2007 destroyed a part of the ship, although much had already been removed for restoration. Nearby for many years was also displayed Gipsy Moth IV, the 54 feet (16.5 m) yacht sailed by Sir Francis Chichester in his single-handed, 226-day circumnavigation of the globe during 1966–67. In 2004, Gipsy Moth IV was removed from Greenwich, and after restoration work completed a second circumnavigation in May 2007. On the riverside in front of the north-west corner of the Hospital is an obelisk erected in memory of Arctic explorer Joseph René Bellot.

Boats at Greenwich at the end of the Great River Race

Near the Cutty Sark site, a circular building contains the entrance to the Greenwich foot tunnel, opened on 4 August 1902. This connects Greenwich to the Isle of Dogs on the northern side of the River Thames. The north exit of the tunnel is at Island Gardens,[11] from where the famous view of Greenwich Hospital painted by Canaletto can be seen.

Rowing has been part of life on the river at Greenwich for hundreds of years and the first Greenwich Regatta was held in 1785. The annual Great River Race along the Thames Tideway finishes at the Cutty Sark. The Trafalgar Rowing Centre in Crane Street close by is home to Curlew Rowing Club and Globe Rowing Club.

The Old Royal Naval College is Sir Christopher Wren's domed masterpiece at the centre of the heritage site. The site is administered by the Greenwich Foundation and several of the buildings are let to the University of Greenwich and one, the King Charles block, to Trinity College of Music. Within the complex is the former college dining room, the Painted Hall, this was painted by James Thornhill, and the Chapel of St Peter and St Paul, with an interior designed by James 'Athenian' Stuart. The Naval College had a training reactor, the JASON reactor, within the King William building that was operational between 1962 and 1996. The reactor was decommissioned and removed in 1999.[12]

To the east of the Naval College is the Trinity Hospital almshouse, founded in 1613, the oldest surviving building in the town centre.[13] This is next to the massive brick walls and the landing stage of Greenwich Power Station. Built between 1902 and 1910 as a coal-fired station to supply power to London's tram system, and later the London underground, it is now oil- and gas-powered and serves as a backup station for London Underground.[14] East Greenwich also has a small park, East Greenwich Pleasaunce, which was formerly the burial ground of Greenwich Hospital.

The O2 (formerly the Millennium Dome) was built on a disused British Gas site on the Greenwich Peninsula.[15] It is next to North Greenwich tube station, about 3 miles (4.8 km) east from the Greenwich town centre, North West of Charlton. The Greenwich Millennium Village is a new urban regeneration development to the south of the Dome.

Greenwich park

Behind the former Naval College is the National Maritime Museum housed in buildings forming another symmetrical group and grand arcade around the Queen's House, designed by Inigo Jones. Continuing to the south, Greenwich Park is a Royal Park of 183 acres (0.7 km2), laid out in the 17th century and formed from the hunting grounds of the Royal Palace of Placentia.[16]

Spiral staircase and lantern at the Queen's House in Greenwich

The park rises towards Blackheath and at the top of this hill is a statue of James Wolfe, commander of the British expedition to capture Quebec,[17] nearby a major group of buildings within the park is the former Royal Observatory, Greenwich and the Prime Meridian passes through the building. Greenwich Mean Time was at one time based on the time observations made at the Royal Greenwich Observatory, before being superseded by Coordinated Universal Time. While Greenwich no longer hosts a working astronomical observatory, a ball still drops daily to mark the exact moment of 1 p.m., and there is a museum of astronomical and navigational tools, particularly John Harrison's marine chronometers.[18]

The Ranger's House lies at the Blackheath end of the park and houses the Wernher Collection of art,[19] and many fine houses, including Vanbrugh's house lie on Maze Hill, on the western edge of the park.

Town centre

Georgian and Victorian architecture dominates in the town centre which spreads to the west of the park and Royal Naval college. Much of this forms a one-way system around a covered market, Greenwich Market and the arthouse Greenwich Cinema. Up the hill, from the centre there are many streets of Georgian houses, including the world's only museum dedicated to fans, the Fan Museum, on Croom's Hill. Nearby at the junction of Croom's Hill with Nevada Street, is Greenwich Theatre, formerly Crowder's Music Hall - one of two Greenwich theatres, the other being the Greenwich Playhouse.

Greenwich Mean Time

Royal Observatory with the time ball atop the Octagon Room

Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is a term originally referring to mean solar time at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich. It is commonly used in practice to refer to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) when this is viewed as a time zone, especially by bodies connected with the United Kingdom, such as the BBC World Service,[20] the Royal Navy, the Met Office and others, although strictly UTC is an atomic time scale which only approximates GMT with a tolerance of 0.9 second. It is also used to refer to Universal Time (UT), which is a standard astronomical concept used in many technical fields and is referred to by the phrase Zulu time.

As the United Kingdom grew into an advanced maritime nation, British mariners kept at least one chronometer on GMT in order to calculate their longitude from the Greenwich meridian, which was by convention considered to have longitude zero degrees (this convention was internationally adopted in the International Meridian Conference of 1884). Note that the synchronization of the chronometer on GMT did not affect shipboard time itself, which was still solar time. But this practice, combined with mariners from other nations drawing from Nevil Maskelyne's method of lunar distances based on observations at Greenwich, eventually led to GMT being used worldwide as a reference time independent of location. Most time zones were based upon this reference as a number of hours and half-hours "ahead of GMT" or "behind GMT".

World heritage site

Maritime Greenwich*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

Old Royal Naval College and University of Greenwich buildings on the bank of the River Thames
State Party Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iv, vi
Reference 795
Region** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1997  (21st Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.

In 1997, Maritime Greenwich was added to the list of World Heritage Sites, for the concentration and quality of buildings of historic and architectural interest. These can be divided into the group of buildings along the riverfront, Greenwich park and the Georgian and Victorian town centre. In recognition of the suburb's astronomical links, Asteroid 2830 has been named 'Greenwich'.[21]

The Old Royal Naval College Visitor Centre provides an introduction to the history and attractions in the Greenwich World Heritage Site. It is located in the Pepys Buildings near to the Cutty Sark within the grounds of the Old Royal Naval College, (formerly Greenwich Hospital). Admission is free.[22]

The Centre explains the history of Greenwich as a royal residence and a maritime centre. Exhibits include:

  • The history of the Palace of Placentia.
  • Models of Christopher Wren's original designs for Greenwich Hospital.
  • Six of the carved heads originally intended to decorate the exterior of the College's Painted Hall.
  • Exhibition displays about Maritime Greenwich and its connections with the sea and exploration.
  • "By Wisdom as much as War" – an exhibition about the history of the Royal Naval College during the years it occupied Greenwich Hospital (1873–1998).

Heritage Centre

Greenwich Heritage Centre is a museum and local history resource run by the London Borough of Greenwich,[23] and is based in Artillery Square, in the Royal Arsenal, Woolwich, south-east London.[24]

It was established in October 2003, combining materials from the Greenwich Borough Museum and the local history library (previously at Woodlands House in Westcombe Park).[25]

Economy

The market

There has been a market at Greenwich since the 14th century, but the history of the present market dates from 1700 when a charter to run two markets, on Wednesdays and Saturdays, was assigned by Lord Romney to the Commissioners of Greenwich Hospital for 1000 years.

Greenwich Market also has a variety of bargain clothes on offer

Greenwich Market sits in Greenwich town centre within an area called the Island Site, which is bounded by College Approach, Greenwich Church Street, King William Walk and Nelson Road. The Island site forms part of the World Heritage Site, which also includes the National Maritime Museum, Old Royal Naval College, the Queens House and the Royal Observatory.

The buildings surrounding the market on the island site are Grade 2 listed, and were established in 1827-1833 under the direction of Joseph Kay. Later significant phases of development occurred in 1902-8; in 1958-60 and during the 1980s. The current market roof dates from 1902–08 and the buildings on either side of the market from 1958-60.

Greenwich Market trades five days a week but the shops, cafes, bars, pubs and restaurants around the Market are open seven days a week, including Greenwich Printmakers, the oldest-established printmaking co-operative in the UK.

Wednesday is a food and homewares market day, Thursdays and Fridays specialise in antiques and collectibles and arts and crafts. Weekends and bank holidays attract arts & crafts and food stalls.There are a wide selection of specialist shops, bars, restaurants and a café, all open seven days a week.

Plans to redevelop the market by its owners, Greenwich Hospital.[26], were unanimously rejected by Greenwich Council's Planning Board in August 2009.

Education

The University of Greenwich main campus is located in the distinctive buildings of the former Royal Naval College. There is a further campus of the university at Avery Hill in Eltham, and also, outside the borough, in Medway. Near the main campus at Greenwich, the Trinity College of Music is housed in the buildings of the former Greenwich Hospital.

Transport

Two railway lines cross Greenwich:[27] the Greenwich Line, which runs west to east and follows the route of the London and Greenwich Railway, which was the first railway line in London,[28][29] and links the South Eastern Main Line with the North Kent Line at Charlton; and the Docklands Light Railway (DLR), which runs north to south. Both lines are served by Greenwich station; with the DLR having a separate station at Cutty Sark DLR Station near the river, and the Greenwich Line having Maze Hill railway station to the east, on the boundary with Westcombe Park. DLR trains run from Lewisham to Bank and Stratford via Canary Wharf.[30] The Greenwich Line carries trains from London Charing Cross and London Cannon Street in central London to Dartford in Kent, with a limited service to Gravesend, Kent and Gillingham, Medway. There are no London Underground stations in Greenwich itself - North Greenwich tube station on the Peninsula is the nearest tube station.

There are a number of river boat services running from Greenwich Pier, managed by London River Services. The main services include the Thames commuter catamaran service run by Thames Clipper from Embankment, via Tower Millennium Pier, Canary Wharf and on to the O2 and Woolwich Arsenal Pier;[31] the Wesminster-Greenwich cruise service by Thames River Services; and the City Cruises tourist cruise via Westminster, Waterloo and Tower piers.[32]

Pedestrian and cyclists

The Thames Path National Trail runs along the riverside.[33] The Greenwich foot tunnel provides pedestrian access to the southern end of the Isle of Dogs, across the river Thames.

National Cycle Network route 1 runs through the foot tunnel (although cycles must not be ridden in the tunnel itself).[34]

See also

References

  1. ^ Wells, John C. (2000). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (2nd edition ed.). Harlow: Pearson Education Limited. ISBN 0-582-36467-1. 
  2. ^ Jones, Daniel (1997). English Pronouncing Dictionary (15th edition ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-45903-6. 
  3. ^ a b c d e 'Greenwich', The Environs of London: volume 4: Counties of Herts, Essex & Kent (1796), pp. 426-93 accessed: 26 May 2007
  4. ^ a b Parishes: Greenwich, The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 1 (1797), pp. 372-420
  5. ^ "Greenwich-the instant village", Brandon Green praise him, The Times, 13 October 1967; pg. 11
  6. ^ Flamsteed House - designed and built by Sir Christopher Wren in 1675-76, was the home of the first Astronomer Royal John Flamsteed and the heart of Charles II's new Royal Observatory.
  7. ^ The Roman Watling Street: from London to High Cross O. Roucoux, (Dunstable Museum Trust, 1984) ISBN 0-9508406-2-9
  8. ^ "Greenwich to become Royal Borough". Greenwich London Borough Council. 5 January 2010. http://www.greenwich.gov.uk/Greenwich/LeisureCulture/RoyalGreenwich/RoyalGreenwich.htm. Retrieved 5 January 2010. 
  9. ^ "ukpollingreport.co.uk » Greenwich and Woolwich". ukpollingreport.co.uk. http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/guide/seat-profiles/greenwichandwoolwich. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  10. ^ Met Office (2000). "Climate: Greenwich 1971-2000 averages". http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/climate/uk/averages/19712000/sites/greenwich.html?s=043330&refer=. Retrieved 7 February 2010. 
  11. ^ The Foot Tunnel (Greenwich Guide) accessed 10 Dec 2007
  12. ^ Just another source of neutrons? R.J.S. Lockwood and Prof. P.A. Beeley (Nuclear Dept., HMS Sultan, Gosport, 2001) accessed 29 Dec 2007
  13. ^ Trinity Hospital (LB Greenwich) accessed 10 Dec 2007
  14. ^ Greenwich Power Station (Powering the City) accessed 10 Dec 2007
  15. ^ East Greenwich Gasworks (Powering the City) accessed 10 Dec 2007. The Greenwich Peninsula gas works, being themselves notable, as being the subject of an IRA bomb attack in the 1970s, in which one gasometer - and its contents - were spectacularly destroyed.
  16. ^ Greenwich and Blackheath Past Felix Barker (Historical Publications Ltd., 1999) ISBN 0 948667 55 9
  17. ^ General Wolfe Statue (Greenwich Guide) accessed 10 Dec 2007
  18. ^ Greenwich Time and the Longitude Derek Howse (London: Philip Wilson, 1997) ISBN 0-85667-468-0
  19. ^ The Wernher Collection (Ranger's House) (English Heritage) accessed 10 Dec 2007
  20. ^ What is GMT? at the BBC Radio World Service
  21. ^ Dictionary of Minor Planet Names Lutz D. Schmadel (Springer 2003) ISBN 3540002383
  22. ^ "Greenwich Council - Tourism - Greenwich Tourist Information Centre". www.greenwich.gov.uk. http://www.greenwich.gov.uk/Greenwich/LeisureCulture/Tourism/GreenwichTouristInformationCentre.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 
  23. ^ "Greenwich Council - Heritage Centre - Greenwich Heritage Centre". www.greenwich.gov.uk. http://www.greenwich.gov.uk/Greenwich/LeisureCulture/HistoryAndHeritage/HeritageCentre/. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 
  24. ^ "Greenwich Heritage Centre - How To Find Us". www.greenwichheritage.org. http://www.greenwichheritage.org/howto/index.html. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 
  25. ^ "Combined services (From This Is Local London)". www.thisislocallondon.co.uk. http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/398196.combined_services/. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 
  26. ^ "- Greenwich Market Consultation". www.greenwichmarketconsultation.org.uk. http://www.greenwichmarketconsultation.org.uk/. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 
  27. ^ "Greenwich Council - Travel & transport - Travel". www.greenwich.gov.uk. http://www.greenwich.gov.uk/Greenwich/Travel/. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  28. ^ "London and Greenwich Railway". www.yellins.com. http://www.yellins.com/transporthistory/rail/l-and-g.html. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  29. ^ A history of the English railway ... - Google Books. books.google.com. http://books.google.com/books?id=A2RCAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA237&dq=London+and+Greenwich+Railway&as_brr=3&client=firefox-a#v=onepage&q=London%20and%20Greenwich%20Railway&f=false. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  30. ^ "Greenwich Council - Local travel services - Docklands Light Railway". www.greenwich.gov.uk. http://www.greenwich.gov.uk/Greenwich/Travel/LocalTravelServices/DocklandsLightRailway.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  31. ^ "Greenwich Council - Local travel services - Thames Clipper". www.greenwich.gov.uk. http://www.greenwich.gov.uk/Greenwich/Travel/LocalTravelServices/ThamesClipper.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  32. ^ "Greenwich Council - Local travel services - River boat cruises". www.greenwich.gov.uk. http://www.greenwich.gov.uk/Greenwich/Travel/LocalTravelServices/RiverBoatCruise.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  33. ^ "The Thames Path - Greenwich to the London Eye". www.thames-path.org.uk. http://www.thames-path.org.uk/thames_greenwich_eye.html. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  34. ^ "National Cycle Network in London". www.sustrans.org.uk. http://www.sustrans.org.uk/sustrans-near-you/london/ncn-in-london. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 

External links

London/Greenwich travel guide from Wikitravel


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

You may also be looking for Greenwich, a district of London.

Greenwich [1] is a town of about 60,000 that is located in Fairfield County, southwestern Connecticut, in the New England region of the United States of America. It is one of the wealthiest communities in America and is blessed with lush and beautiful scenery and many large and impressive houses.

Understand

Greenwich is divided up into 5 neighborhoods; Byram, Greenwich, Cos Cob, Riverside and Old Greenwich and is generally considered part of the New York Metroplitan Area.

Get in

By Plane

If you're from way out of town, you can fly into the Westchester County Airport, JFK or LaGuardia Airport and take a lovely cab ride into the town.

  • Metro North [2] has commuter train service to Greenwich out of Grand Central Station in New York City; the stations in Greenwich are Greenwich, Cos Cob, Riverside, and Old Greenwich.
  • Amtrak [3] provides passenger service to neighboring Stamford (station code STM).
  • Interstate 95 travels through Greenwich; the exits in Greenwich are numbered 2 through 5. The Exits come into these parts of town. Exit 2 - Byram Exit 3 - Greenwich, Exit 4 - Cos Cob, Exit 5 - Riverside.
  • The Merritt Parkway (Connecticut Route 15) also travels through Greenwich.
  • Route 1 also called the Old Post Road runs through all of Greenwich alongside I-95 and can be used to get to most destinations.

By Taxi

If you don't have a car and have too much luggage for the train, you can sometimes take a livery cab from New York to Greenwich, but be prepared to pay an arm and a leg, the ride will set you back about $75 or so depending where in New York you are coming from.

Get around

By Taxi

Greenwich Taxi offers service all around town and into the Residential areas. They must be called though ((203) 869-6000) and do not travel around looking for passengers like New York livery and yellow cabs. All taxis are black Lincoln town cars with a GT on the side.

By Car

Most of Greenwich is built up along the Old Post Road. Old Greenwich can be reached by travelling through Riverside until you see the sign that says "Old Greenwich Railroad Station," you'll want to remember this if you're going to the beach at Greenwich Point.

See

Horseneck Brook where Major General Israel Putnam escaped from the redcoats on horseback.

Do

Recreation

A day in Greenwich can be spent doing a number of liesure activities. Greenwich has two main beaches, one is Greenwich Point [4] which can be gotten to by the above directions. Greenwich residents can enter for free using beach passes, but those without beach passes have to go to the Community Center [5] behind the First Presbyterian Church to buy a beach pass. The other beach is on Great Captain Island which can be reached by taking the ferry in Greenwich Harbor which comes about every 30 minutes and does not require a pass. You can find lots of sand, fun and food, but watch out for bees. Also when swimming at Great Captain Island don't swim near the pier as jellyfish like to gather there.

Marriage

Greenwich is a beautiful town to tie the knot in. It has churches of several Protestant denominations as well as two Catholic churches and a Synagogue [6]. In recent months since same-sex marriage became legal in Connecticut, Greenwich has become a popular destination for same-sex couples from New York and elsewhere who want to marry. The town welcomes anyone who wishes to make their commitments official, and the local businesses welcome the extra business.

Buy

Shopping on Greenwich Avenue is expensive, but quite a unique experience. There are a number of upscale stores, particularly along Greenwich Ave. which will help relieve you of great amounts of money, the largest being Saks FIfth Avenue.

Eat

Greenwich offers various types of cuisines, including Italian, French, Thai, and more. Eateries in town run the gamut from fast food chains, such as McDonald's, Wendy's, and Taco Bell, and other inexpensive options - at Chicken Joe's, a take-out venue and home of the famous "High School Special" (235 East Putnam Avenue in Cos Cob. Hurry though, it closes very early!), a full meal can be had for three dollars, and be sure to try their special spicing - to mid-range and upscale restaurants.

One popular dining option in town is pizza. Pizzerias of note are Planet Pizza, Glenville Pizza, Pizza Factory, and Pizza Post. For a wider selection of Italian-style cuisine, there are restaurants such as Bella Nonna and Terra Ristorante Italiano.

Asian restaurants are in abundance in Greenwich in every price range. For those seeking Chinese food, there are take-out options, such as Yangtze Riverside Restaurant. Moderately-priced Chinese restaurants include Hunan Cafe and Hunan Gourmet. Other Asian cuisines are available in Greenwich, as well. Asiana Cafe and Penang Grill in Central Greenwich offer pan-Asian cuisine and Abis which offers Japanese food in both traditional and Hibachi style. Little Thai Kitchen, in Byram, offers authentic Thai food at reasonable prices, and was reviewed favorably in The New York Times. These are but a sampling of the wide array available - perusal of a restaurant guide, such as Zagat's, will offer more information.

For those seeking a more refined dining experience, Greenwich boasts many upscale eateries. One is Restaurant Jean-Louis, home to award-winning French chef Jean-Louis Gerin, recent (as of May 8th, 2006) recipient of the "Best Chef in Northeast America" distinction from the James Beard Foundation. Other high class restaurants include the Homestead Inn which offers a wonderfull setting and Rebecca`s in Glenville where you get a mondain almost European feel with delicious food, wine and service.

Drink

Alcohol is of course available in many restaurants at all hours, however the only dedicated bar in town is called Taboo located on Railroad Ave. across from the Train Station. As Connecticut is a state with Blue laws there is a restriction on the sale of alcohol; Alcohol is not sold after 9 PM on Saturdays or on Sundays, if you want to buy some during this time, you can head right across the border to Wesscon (plain sign on an island right across for the Carvel) on Sundays until six or to an all-night gas station in Portchester.

Learn

Greenwich has an extensive public school system [7], mainly funded by town property taxes. As of October 1st, 2004, the enrollment in Greenwich public schools totaled 9,083 for the 2004-2005 academic year. This includes eleven elementary schools, three middle schools, and one high school (Greenwich High School).

Eagle Hill School, one of the nation's premiere schools for children with learning disabilities, was founding in 1974 in Greenwich. It is located at 45 Glenville Road.

  • For travelers on a small budget, the Howard Johnson's on East Putnam Ave (a.k.a. Route 1, or The Post Road) between exits 4 and 5 on I-95 offers reasonably priced accommodations.
  • Travelers with larger budgets might consider the upscale Delamar Greenwich Harbor hotel or the Hyatt Regency.
  • Hyatt Regency Greenwich, 1800 East Putnam Avenue. Greenwich, CT 06870, [8].  edit
  • The Town of Greenwich [9] has a website with quite a of information.
  • The Greenwich Time [10] is the town's daily newspaper. The Greenwich Post and Greenwich Citizen are free papers which are mailed to all residents.
  • The New York Times [11] has a Connecticut section on the weekends.

Stay safe

Greenwich is probably one of the safest towns in America with crime rates well below the state and national levels. [12] In fact you can walk around all night and feel completely assured that nothing bad is likely to happen except possibly tripping on a root.

It would be wise to walk on the side of roads even on quiet side streets as many teenagers tend to enjoy speeding down them.

Cope

When moving here you can become a member of the Old Greenwich Newcomers Club. This club offers you many activities for all ineterests like a bookclub, a recipe club, Lobster Fest and much more. This way you will meet people from all nationalities living in your area.

Get out

To the east you can find the Town and City of Stamford (its official name), whcih is right next door to Greenwich. There you can find the Stamford Town Center Mall and the attached Landmark Square Multiplex. To the west you will find the village of Portchester which is home to a sizeable movie theatre (16 auditoriums), beware Portchester at night though as it is somewhat seedy.

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

There is more than one meaning of Greenwich discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia. We are planning to let all links go to the correct meaning directly, but for now you will have to search it out from the list below by yourself. If you want to change the link that led you here yourself, it would be appreciated.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Singular
Greenwich

Plural
-

Greenwich

  1. A town on the south bank of the River Thames through which the prime meridian passes.

Derived terms

Translations

Anagrams


Simple English

Greenwich IPA pronunciation:['gɹ.nɪʧ] is a town in the London borough of Greenwich. It is the location of the Royal Observatory of London that is the basis for Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) and Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

Other pages

Other websites








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message