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Griffonia simplicifolia: Wikis

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Griffonia simplicifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Cercideae
Genus: Griffonia
Species: G. simplicifolia
Binomial name
Griffonia simplicifolia
(DC.) Baill.[1]
Synonyms

Bandeiraea simplicifolia (DC.) Benth.[1]

Griffonia simplicifolia (syn. Bandeiraea simplicifolia Benth.) is a woody climbing shrub native to West Africa and Central Africa. It grows to about 3 m, and bears greenish flowers followed by black pods.

Chemical constituents

The seeds of the plant are used as a herbal supplement for their 5-Hydroxytryptophan content. 5-Hydroxytryptophan also known as 5-HTP is an important building block for the human body to form serotonin. Serotonin plays an important role in the body specially as a neurotransmitter to transport signals between neurons in the nervous system. It also has a legume lectin called GS4.

Synonyms

Botanical synonyms for the plant also include Schotia simplicifolia (Vahl ex DC) Baill.

References


Griffonia simplicifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Cercideae
Genus: Griffonia
Species: G. simplicifolia
Binomial name
Griffonia simplicifolia
(DC.) Baill.[1]
Synonyms

Bandeiraea simplicifolia (DC.) Benth.[1]

Griffonia simplicifolia (syn. Bandeiraea simplicifolia Benth.) is a woody climbing shrub native to West Africa and Central Africa. It grows to about 3 m, and bears greenish flowers followed by black pods.

Chemical constituents

The seeds of the plant are used as an herbal supplement for their 5-Hydroxytryptophan content. 5-Hydroxytryptophan also known as 5-HTP is an important building block for the human body to form serotonin. Serotonin plays an important role in the body specially as a neurotransmitter to transport signals between neurons in the nervous system. It also has a legume lectin called GS4.

Synonyms

Botanical synonyms for the plant also include Schotia simplicifolia (Vahl ex DC) Baill.

References

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales
Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Cercideae
Subtribus: Cercidinae
Genus: Griffonia
Species: Griffonia simplicifolia

Name

Griffonia simplicifolia (Vahl ex DC.) Baill.

References

  • Adansonia; recueil periodique d'observations botaniques. Paris 6:197. 1866
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. 100150

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