Groveland-Big Oak Flat, California: Wikis

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Groveland-Big Oak Flat, California
—  CDP  —
Location in Tuolumne County and the state of California
Coordinates: 37°50′45″N 120°12′28″W / 37.84583°N 120.20778°W / 37.84583; -120.20778Coordinates: 37°50′45″N 120°12′28″W / 37.84583°N 120.20778°W / 37.84583; -120.20778
Country United States
State California
County Tuolumne
Area
 - Total 28.8 sq mi (74.6 km2)
 - Land 28.5 sq mi (73.9 km2)
 - Water 0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
Population (2000)
 - Total 3,388
 - Density 117.6/sq mi (45.4/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 95305-95321
Area code(s) 209
FIPS code 06-31375

Groveland-Big Oak Flat is a census-designated place (CDP) in Tuolumne County, California, United States. The population was 3,388 at the 2000 census. This CDP includes the communities of Groveland, Big Oak Flat, and Pine Mountain Lake (PML)[1].

The town hosts an annual 49er Festival on the 3rd Saturday of September, hosted by the Yosemite Chamber of Commerce, [1]. Groveland is the location of the Groveland Ranger District office of the Stanislaus National Forest. The Groveland Community Services District provides services, including fire protection, to the community . The Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, Tuolumne-Calaveras Ranger Unit, Battalion 16, has a Forest Fire Station west of Groveland on State Route 120.

Contents

Geography and climate

Groveland-Big Oak Flat is located at 37°50′45″N 120°12′28″W / 37.845867°N 120.207697°W / 37.845867; -120.207697.[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 28.8 square miles (74.6 km²), of which, 28.5 square miles (73.9 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.7 km²) of it (0.90%) is water.

Groveland has cold, wet winters and very warm, mostly dry summers. Average January temperatures are a maximum of 57.5°F and a minimum of 30.2°F. Average July temperatures are a maximum of 90.8°F and a minimum of 54.2°F. There are an average of 32.4 days with highs of 90°F (32°C) or higher and an average of 81.6 days with lows of 32°F (0°C) or lower. The highest recorded temperature was 103°F on July 26, 1980, and the lowest recorded temperature was -2°F on January 30, 1916.

Annual precipitation averages 37.28 inches. There are an average of 58 days with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1982 with 66.95 inches and the dryest year was 1976 with 12.27 inches. The most precipitation in one month was 30.76 inches in January 1911. The most precipitation in 24 hours was 8.26 inches on January 27, 1914. Average annual snowfall is 15.3 inches. The snowiest year was 1967 with 65.0 inches. The most snow in one month was 42.0 inches in April 1967.[3]

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 3,388 people, 1,533 households, and 1,100 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 118.7 people per square mile (45.8/km²). There were 2,904 housing units at an average density of 101.7/sq mi (39.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 92.62% White, 0.65% African American, 1.59% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.06% from other races, and 3.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.93% of the population.

There were 1,533 households out of which 18.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.9% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.55.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 17.4% under the age of 18, 3.3% from 18 to 24, 16.5% from 25 to 44, 34.0% from 45 to 64, and 28.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 54 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $41,928, and the median income for a family was $48,386. Males had a median income of $39,861 versus $21,161 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $27,394. About 2.6% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over.

History

Groveland has always been an important stop on the highway to Yosemite but really grew in the early 1900s with the development of the Tuolumne River Hetch-Hetchy water project for the city of San Francisco. Groveland is adjacent to the Stanislaus National Forest and is known for the historic Iron Door Saloon, the gated community of Pine Mountain Lake which boasts its own local newspaper called The Pine Mountain Lake News[2], and the nursery/gallery/general store Mountain Sage.

The community of Big Oak Flat was founded by James D. Savage who began mining the area about 1851. In some works, Savage is credited as discovering the Yosemite Valley about 1848. He is also identified as one of the first persons of European ancestry to enter the valley, (March 27, 1851). Others of European ancestry may have seen the valley as early as 1833.

Groveland is also home of the Tioga High School Timberwolves and the Tenaya Elementary Warriors.

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Sources

  • Map: "Stanislaus National Forest, California," U.S. Forest Service, 1979.
  • Browning, Peter, "Place Names of the Sierra Nevada," (Berkeley, California: Wilderness Press, 1991).

Politics

In the state legislature Groveland-Big Oak Flat is located in the 14th Senate District, represented by Republican Dave Cogdill, and in the 25th Assembly District, represented by Republican Tom Berryhill. Federally, Groveland-Big Oak Flat is located in California's 19th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +10[5] and is represented by Republican George Radanovich.

References

  1. ^ Pine Mountain Lake
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ca3666; http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ca3672
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  5. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html. Retrieved 2008-02-10.  

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