The Full Wiki

Growth differentiation factor: Wikis

Advertisements

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Growth differentiation factors (GDFs) are a subfamily of proteins belonging to the transforming growth factor beta superfamily that have functions predominantly in development.[1]

Types

Several members of this subfamily have been described, and named GDF1 through GDF15.

References

  1. ^ Herpin A, Lelong C, Favrel P (2004). "Transforming growth factor-beta-related proteins: an ancestral and widespread superfamily of cytokines in metazoans". Dev Comp Immunol 28 (5): 461–85. doi:10.1016/j.dci.2003.09.007. PMID 15062644.  
  2. ^ Rankin C, Bunton T, Lawler A, Lee S (2000). "Regulation of left-right patterning in mice by growth/differentiation factor-1". Nat Genet 24 (3): 262–5. doi:10.1038/73472. PMID 10700179.  
  3. ^ Lopez-Coviella I, Follettie M, Mellott T, Kovacheva V, Slack B, Diesl V, Berse B, Thies R, Blusztajn J (2005). "Bone morphogenetic protein 9 induces the transcriptome of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons". Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 102 (19): 6984–9. doi:10.1073/pnas.0502097102. PMID 15870197.  
  4. ^ Truksa J, Peng H, Lee P, Beutler E (2006). "Bone morphogenetic proteins 2, 4, and 9 stimulate murine hepcidin 1 expression independently of Hfe, transferrin receptor 2 (Tfr2), and IL-6". Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 103 (27): 10289–93. doi:10.1073/pnas.0603124103. PMID 16801541.  
  5. ^ Levine A, Brivanlou A (2006). "GDF3 at the crossroads of TGF-beta signaling". Cell Cycle 5 (10): 1069–73. PMID 16721050.  
  6. ^ Levine A, Brivanlou A (2006). "GDF3, a BMP inhibitor, regulates cell fate in stem cells and early embryos". Development 133 (2): 209–16. doi:10.1242/dev.02192. PMID 16339188.  
  7. ^ Chen C, Ware S, Sato A, Houston-Hawkins D, Habas R, Matzuk M, Shen M, Brown C (2006). "The Vg1-related protein Gdf3 acts in a Nodal signaling pathway in the pre-gastrulation mouse embryo". Development 133 (2): 319–29. doi:10.1242/dev.02210. PMID 16368929.  
  8. ^ O'Keeffe G, Dockery P, Sullivan A (2004). "Effects of growth/differentiation factor 5 on the survival and morphology of embryonic rat midbrain dopaminergic neurones in vitro". J Neurocytol 33 (5): 479–88. doi:10.1007/s11068-004-0511-y. PMID 15906156.  
  9. ^ Buxton P, Edwards C, Archer C, Francis-West P (2001). "Growth/differentiation factor-5 (GDF-5) and skeletal development". J Bone Joint Surg Am 83-A Suppl 1 (Pt 1): S23–30. PMID 11263662.  
  10. ^ Francis-West P, Parish J, Lee K, Archer C (1999). "BMP/GDF-signalling interactions during synovial joint development". Cell Tissue Res 296 (1): 111–9. doi:10.1007/s004410051272. PMID 10199971.  
  11. ^ Chang C, Hemmati-Brivanlou A (1999). "Xenopus GDF6, a new antagonist of noggin and a partner of BMPs". Development 126 (15): 3347–57. PMID 10393114.  
  12. ^ Asai-Coakwell M, French C, Berry K, Ye M, Koss R, Somerville M, Mueller R, van Heyningen V, Waskiewicz A, Lehmann O (2007). "GDF6, a novel locus for a spectrum of ocular developmental anomalies". Am J Hum Genet 80 (2): 306–15. doi:10.1086/511280. PMID 17236135.  
  13. ^ Hanel M, Hensey C (2006). "Eye and neural defects associated with loss of GDF6". BMC Dev Biol 6: 43. doi:10.1186/1471-213X-6-43. PMID 17010201.  
  14. ^ McPherron AC, Lawler AM, Lee SJ. Regulation of skeletal muscle mass in mice by a new TGF-beta superfamily member. Nature 1997;387:83-90. PMID 9139826.
  15. ^ Juengel J, Bodensteiner K, Heath D, Hudson N, Moeller C, Smith P, Galloway S, Davis G, Sawyer H, McNatty K (2004). "Physiology of GDF9 and BMP15 signalling molecules". Anim Reprod Sci 82-83: 447–60. doi:10.1016/j.anireprosci.2004.04.021. PMID 15271472.  
  16. ^ Hreinsson J, Scott J, Rasmussen C, Swahn M, Hsueh A, Hovatta O (2002). "Growth differentiation factor-9 promotes the growth, development, and survival of human ovarian follicles in organ culture". J Clin Endocrinol Metab 87 (1): 316–21. doi:10.1210/jc.87.1.316. PMID 11788667.  
  17. ^ Hino J, Kangawa K, Matsuo H, Nohno T, Nishimatsu S (2004). "Bone morphogenetic protein-3 family members and their biological functions". Front Biosci 9: 1520–9. doi:10.2741/1355. PMID 14977563.  
  18. ^ Cunningham N, Jenkins N, Gilbert D, Copeland N, Reddi A, Lee S (1995). "Growth/differentiation factor-10: a new member of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily related to bone morphogenetic protein-3". Growth Factors 12 (2): 99–109. doi:10.3109/08977199509028956. PMID 8679252.  
  19. ^ Andersson O, Reissmann E, Ibáñez C (2006). "Growth differentiation factor 11 signals through the transforming growth factor-beta receptor ALK5 to regionalize the anterior-posterior axis". EMBO Rep 7 (8): 831–7. doi:10.1038/sj.embor.7400752. PMID 16845371.  
  20. ^ Wu H, Ivkovic S, Murray R, Jaramillo S, Lyons K, Johnson J, Calof A (2003). "Autoregulation of neurogenesis by GDF11". Neuron 37 (2): 197–207. doi:10.1016/S0896-6273(02)01172-8. PMID 12546816.  
  21. ^ Kim J, Wu H, Lander A, Lyons K, Matzuk M, Calof A (2005). "GDF11 controls the timing of progenitor cell competence in developing retina". Science 308 (5730): 1927–30. doi:10.1126/science.1110175. PMID 15976303.  
  22. ^ Zimmers T, Jin X, Hsiao E, McGrath S, Esquela A, Koniaris L (2005). "Growth differentiation factor-15/macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1 induction after kidney and lung injury". Shock 23 (6): 543–8. PMID 15897808.  
  23. ^ Hsiao E, Koniaris L, Zimmers-Koniaris T, Sebald S, Huynh T, Lee S (2000). "Characterization of growth-differentiation factor 15, a transforming growth factor beta superfamily member induced following liver injury". Mol Cell Biol 20 (10): 3742–51. doi:10.1128/MCB.20.10.3742-3751.2000. PMID 10779363.  
  24. ^ Ago T, Sadoshima J (2006). "GDF15, a cardioprotective TGF-beta superfamily protein". Circ Res 98 (3): 294–7. doi:10.1161/01.RES.0000207919.83894.9d. PMID 16484622.  

External links

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message