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Grumman F2F
A F2F-1 of fighter squadron VF-2B, USS Lexington (CV-2)
Role Naval fighter
Manufacturer Grumman
Designed by Leroy Grumman
First flight 31 October 1933
Introduced 1935
Retired 1940
Primary user United States Navy
Produced 1934-1935
Number built 55
Unit cost $12,000 (as of 1935)[1]
Developed from Grumman FF
Variants Grumman F3F

The Grumman F2F was a single-engine, biplane fighter aircraft with retractable undercarriage, serving as the standard fighter for the United States Navy between 1936 and 1940. It was designed for both carrier- and land-based operations.

Contents

Development

Grumman's success with the two-seat FF-1, which was significantly faster than even the single-seat fighters of its time, resulted in a contract for the single-seat XF2F-1. Armed with two .30 caliber (7.62 mm) machine guns above the cowl, the new design also incorporated watertight compartments to reduce weight and improve survivability in the event of a water landing.[1] The prototype first flew on 18 October 1933, equipped with the experimental 625 hp (466 kW) XR-1534-44 Twin Wasp Junior radial engine, and reached a top speed of 229 mph (369 km/h) at 8,400 ft (2,600 m) - 22 mph (35 km/h) faster than the FF-1 at the same altitude.[1] Maneuverability also proved superior to the earlier two-seat aircraft.

Three F2F-1s in service with fighter squadron VF-2B

The Navy ordered 54 F2F-1 fighters on 17 May 1934, with the first aircraft delivered on 1935-01-19. An additional aircraft was ordered to replace one which crashed on 16 March 1935,[1] bringing the total to 55, and the final F2F-1 was delivered on 2 August 1935.

Service

The F2F-1 had a relatively long service life for the time, serving in front-line squadrons from 1935 to late 1939, when squadrons began to receive the F3F-3 as a replacement.[1] By September 1940, the F2F had been completely replaced in fighter squadrons and was relegated to training and utility duties.

Operators

 United States

Specifications (Grumman F2F-1)

Three-side drawing of a Grumman F2F-1

Data from United States Navy Aircraft since 1911 [2]

General characteristics

Performance

Armament

  • Guns: 2× .30-in machine guns

See also

Related development

Related lists

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Cacutt, Len, ed. “Grumman Single-Seat Biplane Fighters.” Great Aircraft of the World. London: Marshall Cavendish, 1989. p. 155-162. ISBN 1-85435-250-4.
  2. ^ Swanborough and Bowers 1976, p. 201.
  • Swanborough, Gordon and Peter M. Bowers. United States Navy Aircraft since 1911. London:Putnam, Second edition, 1976. ISBN 0 370 10054 9.
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