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Guachanche barracuda
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Sphyraenidae
Genus: Sphyraena
Species: S. guachancho
Binomial name
Sphyraena guachancho
Cuvier, 1829
Synonyms
  • Sphyraena dubia (Bleeker, 1863)
  • Sphyraena guentheri (Haly, 1875)

The Guachanche barracuda, Sphyraena guachancho, is an ocean-going species of game fish in the Barracuda family, or Sphyraenidae. It was described by the French Zoologist Georges Cuvier in 1829. The description was part of the second edition of Le Règne Animal, or The Animal Kingdom. Guachanche barracuda are also known simply as Guaguanche throughout much of the Caribbean. When used for food, Guaguanche barracuda are usually sold fresh or salted.[1]

Contents

Description

Guachanche barracuda, like other members of the Sphyraenidae family, possess elongated bodies, pike-like heads, and large jaws.[2] The lower jaw protrudes slightly from the upper jaw, both of which contain fang-like teeth.[2] They have two dorsal fins, which are widely separated on their backs. The anterior dorsal fin usually possesses spines while the posterior only has rays.[2] Guachanche barracuda have 6 dorsal spines and 9 rays, while they have only 2 spines and 8 rays on their anal fins.[1]

Guachanche barracuda can grow up to 200 cm in length,[3] but have only been recorded to weigh as much as 1.75 kg.[4]

Distribution and habitat

In the western Atlantic ocean, Guachanche barracuda are known from Massachusetts to Brazil.[1] They are also found in the northern Gulf of Mexico and throughout the Caribbean.[1] In the eastern Atlantic, although Guachanche barracuda are known from Senegal to Angola (including Cape Verde), they can also be found off the Canary islands, which lie much further north.[1]

Guachanche barracuda can live in turbid, coastal waters at depths up to 100m.[5] They generally occur near muddy bottoms and are often found in estuaries.[1] A schooling species,[6] Guachanche barracuda feed on several fishes from the Engraulidae, Clupeidae, Lutjanidae and Synodontidae families.[7] They have also been known to feed on squid of the Loliginidae family.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Sphyraena guachancho". FishBase. Ed. Ranier Froese and Daniel Pauly. 07 2009 version. N.p.: FishBase, 2009.
  2. ^ a b c "Sphyraenidae". FishBase. Ed. Rainer Froese and Daniel Pauly. January 2006 version. N.p.: FishBase, 2006.
  3. ^ Reiner, F. 1996 Catálogo dos peixes do Arquipélago de Cabo Verde. Publicações avulsas do IPIMAR No. 2. 339 p.
  4. ^ Daget, J. 1986 Sphyraenidae. p. 350-351. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2.
  5. ^ Sanches, J.G. 1991 Catálogo dos principais peixes marinhos da República de Guiné-Bissau. Publicações avulsas do I.N.I.P. No. 16. 429 p.
  6. ^ De Sylva, D.P. 1990 Sphyraenidae. p. 860-864. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2.
  7. ^ a b Cervigón, F. 1993 Los peces marinos de Venezuela. Volume 2. Fundación Científica Los Roques, Caracas,Venezuela. 497 p.

External links

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