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Guadalquivir
River
Guadalquivir River in Coria del Río
Name origin: from al-wad al-kabir, "great river" in Arabic
Country Spain
Region Andalusia
Tributaries
 - left Guadiana Menor, Guadalbullón, Guadajoz, Genil, Corbones, Guadaira
 - right Guadalimar, Jándula, Yeguas, Guadalmellato, Guadiato, Bembézar, Viar, Rivera de Huelva, Guadiamar
Cities Córdoba, Seville
Source Cañada de las Fuentes
 - location Cazorla Mountains, Jaén
Mouth Atlantic Ocean
 - location Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Cádiz
 - elevation m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 36°47′N 6°21′W / 36.783°N 6.35°W / 36.783; -6.35
Length 657 km (408 mi)
Basin 56,978 km2 (21,999 sq mi)
Discharge for Seville
 - average 164.3 m3/s (5,802 cu ft/s)
Localisation of the Guadalquivir
Website: Confederación Hidrográfica del Guadalquivir

The Guadalquivir (Spanish pronunciation: [ɡwaðalkiˈβir]) is the second longest river in Spain (fifth after the Tagus, Ebro, Duero and Guadiana), and the longest in Andalusia. The Guadalquivir is 657 kilometers long and drains an area of about 58,000 square kilometers. It begins at Cañada de las Fuentes in the Cazorla mountain range (Jaén), passes through Córdoba and Seville and ends at the fishing village of Bonanza, in Sanlúcar de Barrameda, flowing into the Gulf of Cádiz, in the Atlantic Ocean. The marshy lowlands at the river's end are known as "Las Marismas". It borders Doñana National Park reserve.

The Guadalquivir river is the only great navigable river in Spain. Currently it is navigable up as far as Seville, but in Roman times it was navigable to Córdoba.

The ancient city of Tartessos was said to be have been located at the mouth of the Guadalquivir, although its site has not yet been found. Tartessos in Basque language means between seas (Atlantic and Mediterranean).

Name

The name comes from the Arabic al-wādi al-kabīr (الوادي الكبير), 'The Great Valley'. Classical Arabic Wadi is pronounced in present-day Maghreb as Oued. The Phoenicians named the river Baits, later Betis (or Baetis) from Pre-Roman times to the Al-Andalus period, giving its name to the Hispania Baetica Roman province. An older Celtiberian name was Oba (gold river), leading to the assumption that etymologically Córdoba means city on the Oba (Cart-Oba).


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Simple English

File:Guadalquivir B.
Map of the Guadalquivir River basin

Guadalquivir is a river to the south of Spain, which crosses the autonomous community of Andalusia. The name derives from the Arab Wadi al-Kabir ("big river"), whereas the Romans were called it a river Betis.

Guadalquivir is born in the Glen of the Sources in the mountains near Cazorla (Jaen province) and ends in the population of Sanlucar de Barrameda (Cadiz province), passing through the provinces of Jaen, Cordoba, Seville and Cadiz. The length is 657 kilometres, and the principal tributaries are the rivers Genil (which flows through Granada), The Minor Guadiana, Guadalbullon, and Guadajoz on the left side, and Guadalmena, Jandula, and Guadiato on the right.

It is the only river in Spain with shipping traffic. At present, it only is navigable up to Seville, though in the Roman epoch it was navigable up to Cordoba.


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