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Guadalquivir River: Wikis

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Guadalquivir
River
Guadalquivir River in Coria del Río
Name origin: from al-wad al-kabir, "great river" in Arabic
Country Spain
Region Andalusia
Tributaries
 - left Guadiana Menor, Guadalbullón, Guadajoz, Genil, Corbones, Guadaira
 - right Guadalimar, Jándula, Yeguas, Guadalmellato, Guadiato, Bembézar, Viar, Rivera de Huelva, Guadiamar
Cities Córdoba, Seville
Source Cañada de las Fuentes
 - location Cazorla Mountains, Jaén
Mouth Atlantic Ocean
 - location Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Cádiz
 - elevation m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 36°47′N 6°21′W / 36.783°N 6.35°W / 36.783; -6.35
Length 657 km (408 mi)
Basin 56,978 km2 (21,999 sq mi)
Discharge for Seville
 - average 164.3 m3/s (5,802 cu ft/s)
Localisation of the Guadalquivir
Website: Confederación Hidrográfica del Guadalquivir

The Guadalquivir (Spanish pronunciation: [ɡwaðalkiˈβir]) is the second longest river in Spain (fifth after the Tagus, Ebro, Duero and Guadiana), and the longest in Andalusia. The Guadalquivir is 657 kilometers long and drains an area of about 58,000 square kilometers. It begins at Cañada de las Fuentes in the Cazorla mountain range (Jaén), passes through Córdoba and Seville and ends at the fishing village of Bonanza, in Sanlúcar de Barrameda, flowing into the Gulf of Cádiz, in the Atlantic Ocean. The marshy lowlands at the river's end are known as "Las Marismas". It borders Doñana National Park reserve.

The Guadalquivir river is the only great navigable river in Spain. Currently it is navigable up as far as Seville, but in Roman times it was navigable to Córdoba.

The ancient city of Tartessos was said to be have been located at the mouth of the Guadalquivir, although its site has not yet been found. Tartessos in Basque language means between seas (Atlantic and Mediterranean).

Name

The name comes from the Arabic al-wādi al-kabīr (الوادي الكبير), 'The Great Valley'. Classical Arabic Wadi is pronounced in present-day Maghreb as Oued. The Phoenicians named the river Baits, later Betis (or Baetis) from Pre-Roman times to the Al-Andalus period, giving its name to the Hispania Baetica Roman province. An older Celtiberian name was Oba (gold river), leading to the assumption that etymologically Córdoba means city on the Oba (Cart-Oba).


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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

GUADALQUIVIR (ancient Baetis, Moorish Wadi al Kebir, "the Great River"), a river of southern Spain. What is regarded as the main stream rises 4475 ft. above sea-level between the Sierra de Cazorla and Sierra del Pozo, in the province of Jaen. It does not become a large river until it is joined by the Guadiana Menor (Guadianamenor) on the left, and the Guadalimar on the right. Lower down it receives many tributaries, the chief being the Genil or Jenil, from the left. The general direction of the river is west by south, but a few miles above Seville it changes to south by west. Below Coria it traverses the series of broad fens known as Las Marismas, the greatest area of swamp in the Iberian Peninsula. Here it forms two subsidiary channels, the western 31 M., the eastern 12 m. long, which rejoin the main stream on the borders of the province of Cadiz. Below Sanlucar the river enters the Atlantic after a total course of 360 m. It drains an area of 21,865 sq. m. Though the shortest of the great rivers of the peninsula, it is the only one which flows at all seasons with a full stream, being red in winter by the rains, in summer by the melted snows of the Sierra Nevada. In the time of the Moors it was navigable up to Cordova, but owing to the accumulation of silt in its lower reaches it is now only navigable up to Seville by vessels of 1200 to 1500 tons.


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