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Guaiacum officinale: Wikis

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Guaiacum officinale
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Zygophyllales
Family: Zygophyllaceae
Genus: Guaiacum
Species: G. officinale
Binomial name
Guaiacum officinale

Guaiacum officinale is one of the species yielding the true lignum vitae. All species in this genus Guaiacum are CITES-listed. The other species of true Lignum Vitae is Guaiacum sanctum.

Description

The word guaiacum originated in the language spoken by the native Taínos of the Bahamas.[1] The tree is native to the Caribbean and the northern coast of South America.[2] This small tree is very slow growing, reaching about 10 m in height with a trunk diameter of 60 cm. The tree is essentially evergreen throughout most of its native range. The leaves are compound, 2.5 to 3 cm in length, and 2 cm wide. The blue flowers have five petals which yield a bright yellow-orange fruit with red flesh and black seeds.

Characteristics

Guaiacum officinale is the national flower of Jamaica.[3]

References

  1. ^ Bailey, Richard W (2004). "Part I - American English: its origins and history". in Edward Finegan; John R. Rickford. Language in the USA: Themes for the Twenty-first Century. Cambridge University Press. p. 3. ISBN 9780521777476. http://www.cambridge.org/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9780511206948&ss=exc.  
  2. ^ "Guaiacum officinale". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?18047. Retrieved 2009-01-27.  
  3. ^ "National Symbols". Emancipation & Independence. Jamaica Information Service. http://www.jis.gov.jm/special_sections/Independence/symbols.html. Retrieved 2009-01-27.  
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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Koeh-069.jpg

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordines: Unassigned Eurosids I
Familia: Zygophyllaceae
Subfamilia: Larreoideae
Genus: Guaiacum

Species: Guaiacum officinale

Name

Guaiacum officinale L.

Vernacular name

Türkçe: Peygamber ağacı, Guayaka ağacı

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