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Guan Ping
Guan Ping Statue.jpg
Qing Dynasty statue of Guan Ping (2.1 meters tall) at the Stele Forest Museum in Xi'an.
General of Liu Bei
Born ?
Died 219
Names
Simplified Chinese 关平
Traditional Chinese 關平
Pinyin Guān Píng
Wade-Giles Kuan P'ing
Guan Ping as he appears in Koei's Dynasty Warriors 6.
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Guan (關).

Guan Ping (關平, ? – 219) was the first son of the famed 3rd century military general Guan Yu and elder brother of Guan Xing. He had served a military post under Liu Bei during the Three Kingdoms era of China. Little about him could be found in historical records (not even his style name was documented) except that he was captured along with his father west of Maicheng (麦城, southeast of present day Dangyang, Hubei) by the forces of Sun Quan in 219. Both were promptly executed. In the 14th century historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms by Luo Guanzhong, Guan Ping was said to have been adopted by Guan Yu when he was seventeen (Chapter 28), as his true father requested to have him follow and assist the renowned general. Without a son then, Guan Yu took Guan Ping as his own.

Since the deification of Guan Yu in Sui Dynasty, Guan Ping along with Zhou Cang (sometimes with Liao Hua as well) would often appear at the sides of this revered Chinese deity in statues placed in temples and shrines. In portraits, the trio would often appear together as well. Guan Ping's face is traditionally painted white, is a stark contrast to Zhou Cang's coal black complexion, while Guan Yu's tends to be shades of red.

Modern references

Guan Ping appears as a playable character in the video game Dynasty Warriors 5, the second latest release in the series by Koei. He is portrayed as a youth living in the shadow of his famous father who he greatly respects and admires. Realizing how important his father is to their kingdom, Guan Ping tries desperately to follow his father's legacy. He wields an enormous sword similar in appearance to a zweihander (which he remarkably wields with only one hand) called the "Young Dragon," and dresses in a similar manner to his father. Guan Ping has strong offensive power and above-average speed although his defensive strength and combat agility are severely lacking.

In Dynasty Warriors 5, he has a large manueverable sword and spikey hair. He and Xing Cai become sworn brother and sister after Guan Yu's death at Fan Castle. In DW5 Xtreme Legends, he, Xing Cai, and Guan Yu, get reinforcements and save Fan Castle. In Dynasty Warriors 6, his weapon is a ji, similar in appearance to Lu Bu's previous weapon, and lacks a unique moveset. He does not have a story mode, although he makes appearances in those of several other characters.

In Warriors Orochi, a crossover between Dynasty Warriors and Samurai Warriors, he initially defends Shu's castle in Jing Province with Huang Zhong from the encroaching Wei/Orochi forces. He attempts to lead an assault out to the seemingly under-manned East, but is isolated and is about to be killed when he is rescued by Oda Nobunaga. He then joins Nobunaga after the battle, and is depicted as one of his closest aides throughout the game.

In Warriors Orochi 2, Guan Ping defends the Samurai forces against Taira Kiyomori's forces at Hu Lao Gate, allowing Shima Sakon to find Oda Nobunaga. In Dream Mode, he works with Hosokawa Gracia and Cao Pi in surpassing their fathers in a test.

See also

References

  • Chen Shou (2002). San Guo Zhi. Yue Lu Shu She. ISBN 7-80665-198-5.  
  • Luo Guanzhong (1986). San Guo Yan Yi. Yue Lu Shu She. ISBN 7-80520-013-0.  
  • Lo Kuan-chung; tr. C.H. Brewitt-Taylor (2002). Romance of the Three Kingdoms. Tuttle Publishing. ISBN 0-8048-3467-9.  
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