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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gwong Zau · Canton
—  Sub-provincial city  —
From top: Tianhe CBD, Statue of Five Goats, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall, Canton Fair Pazhou Expo Complex, and Pearl River Bridge.
Nickname(s): The Flower City, Five Goats City, Goat City, Wheats City, Ceiba City, Immortals City
Location of Guangzhou within Guangdong in China
Guangzhou is located in China
Location in China
Coordinates: 23°6′32″N 113°15′53″E / 23.10889°N 113.26472°E / 23.10889; 113.26472
Country China
Province Guangdong
Officiated 1918
 - Mayor Zhang Guangning
Area [1]
 - Sub-provincial city 7,434.40 km2 (2,870.44 sq mi)
 - Urban 3,843.43 km2 (1,483.96 sq mi)
Elevation 11 m (36 ft)
Population (2008)[1][2]
 - Sub-provincial city 7,841,695
 Density 1,055/km2 (2,732.4/sq mi)
 Urban 6,458,299
 Metro 10,182,000*
 - Metro Density 1,370/km2 (3,548.3/sq mi)
  Refers to population with residence registration.
Refers to population in urban districts.
*Refers to permanent population.
Time zone CST (UTC+8)
Postal code 510000
GDP[2] 2009
 - Total CNY 911.276 billion (USD 133.5 billion)
 - Per capita CNY 89,498(USD 13,111)
 - PPP per capita USD 23,232
 - Growth 12.3%
Simplified Chinese 广州
Traditional Chinese 廣 州
Cantonese Jyutping Gwong² zau1
Hanyu Pinyin Guǎngzhōu

Guangzhou[3] (simplified Chinese: 广traditional Chinese: 廣州pinyin: Guǎngzhōu; jyutping : Gwong²zau¹; Cantonese Yale: Gwóngjàu), in English and other European languages also known as Canton[4] (which was first romanized from the Cantonese pronunciation of Guangdong by the Portuguese) and also known as Kwangchow, is a sub-provincial city and the capital of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the People's Republic of China.

It is a port on the Pearl River, navigable to the South China Sea, and is located about 120 km (75 mi) northwest of Hong Kong. As of the 2000 census, the city has a population of 6 million,[citation needed] and an urban area population of roughly 11.85 million,[5] making it the most populous city in the province and the third most populous metropolitan area in China. The provincial government's official estimate of the metropolitan area's population at the end of 2006 was 9,754,600.[citation needed] Guangzhou's urban land area is the third largest in China, behind only Beijing and Shanghai.



Site of the first National Congress of Kuomintang (Chinese Nationalist Party)
Combat at Guangzhou during the Second Opium War
1919 street scene
Huanghuagang Mausoleum of 72 Martyrs
1888 German map of Hong Kong, Macau, and Guangzhou

The first known city built at the site of Guangzhou was Panyu (Fan-Yü) ( 蕃禺, later simplified to 番禺; Poon Yu in Cantonese) founded in 214 BC.[citation needed] The city has been continuously occupied since that time. Panyu was expanded when it became the capital of the Nanyue Kingdom (南越) in 206 BC, the Nanyue Kingdom also included today's Vietnam.

The Han Dynasty annexed Nanyue in 111 BC, and Panyu became a provincial capital and remains so today. In 226 AD, the city however became the seat of the Guang Prefecture (廣州; Guangzhou). Therefore, "Guangzhou" was the name of the prefecture, not of the city. However, people grew accustomed to calling the city Guangzhou, instead of Panyu.[citation needed]

Although the Chinese name Guangzhou replaced Panyu as the name of the walled city, Panyu was still the name of the area surrounding the walled city until the end of Qing era.[citation needed]. Today, Panyu generally refers to the region to the south of Haizhu District, which is separated by the Pearl River.

Arab and Persian pirates sacked Guangzhou (known to them as Sin-Kalan) in AD 758, ² according to a local Guangzhou government report on October 30 758, which corresponded to the day of Guisi (癸巳) of the ninth lunar month in the first year of the Qianyuan era of Emperor Suzong of the Tang Dynasty.[6][7][8] The Arab historian Abu Zayd Hasan of Siraf reports that in 878 followers of the Chinese rebel leader Huang Chao besieged the city and killed a large number of foreign merchants resident there.[9][10]

During the Northern Song Dynasty, the celebrated poet Su Shi (Shisu) visited Guangzhou's Baozhuangyan Temple and wrote the inscription "Liu Rong" (Six Banyan Trees) because of the six banyan trees he saw there. It has since been called the Temple of the 6 Banyan Trees.

The Portuguese were the first Europeans to arrive in Guangzhou by sea, establishing a monopoly on the external trade out of its harbor by 1511.[citation needed] They were later expelled from their settlements in Guangzhou (Cantão in Portuguese), but instead granted use of Macau as a trade base with the city in 1557. They would keep a near monopoly on foreign trade in the region until the arrival of the Dutch in the early seventeenth century.

It is believed that the romanization "Canton" originated from Portuguese Cantão, which was transcribed from Guangdong. Nevertheless, because at the time of the Portuguese arrival the capital city had no specific appellation other than Shang Sheng(省城, lit. the provincial capital) by its people, the province name was adopted for the walled city by the Europeans. The etymology of Canton, as well as the similar pronunciation with the province name Guangdong might have partly contributed to the recent confusion of Canton and Guangdong by certain English speakers. However, definitive English lexica, such as Merriam–Webster's Dictionary, American Heritage Dictionary and Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English don't list Guangdong as a synonym (or variant) under Canton.

After China gained control of Taiwan in 1683, the Qing government became more open to foreign trade. Guangzhou quickly emerged as one of the most suitable ports for international trade and before long ships arrived from all over the world.

The Portuguese in Macau, the Spanish in Manila, Armenians, and Muslims from India were already actively trading in the port by the 1690s, when the French and English began frequenting the port through the Canton System.

Other companies were soon to follow: the Ostend General India company in 1717; Dutch East India Company in 1729; the first Danish ship in 1731, which was followed by a Danish Asiatic Company ship in 1734; the Swedish East India Company in 1732; followed by an occasional Prussian and Trieste Company ship; the Americans in 1784; and the first ships from Australia in 1788.

By the middle of the 18th century, Guangzhou had emerged as one of the world's great trading ports under the Thirteen Factories, which was a distinction it maintained until the outbreak of the Opium Wars in 1839 and the opening of other ports in China in 1842. The privilege during this period made Guangzhou one of the top 3 cities in the world.[11]

In 1918, the city's urban council was established and "Guangzhou" became the official name of the city.[citation needed] Panyu became a county's name to the southern side of Guangzhou.

In both 1930 and 1953, Guangzhou was promoted to the status of a Municipality, but each time promotion was rescinded within a year[citation needed].

Japanese troops occupied Guangzhou from October 12, 1938 to September 16, 1945, after violent bombings. In the city, the Imperial Japanese Army conducted bacteriological research unit 8604, a section of unit 731, where Japanese doctors experimented on human prisoners.

After the fall of the capital Nanjing in April 1949, the Nationalist government under the acting president Li Zongren relocated to Guangzhou.

Communist forces entered the city on October 14, 1949. This led the nationalists to blow up the Haizhu bridge as the major link across the Pearl River and to the acting president's leaving for New York, whereas Chiang Kai-shek set up the capital for the Nationalist government in Chongqing again. Their urban renewal projects of the new communist government improved the lives of some residents. New housing on the shores of the Pearl River provided homes for the poor boat people. Reforms by Deng Xiaoping, who came to power in the late 1970s, led to rapid economic growth due to the city's close proximity to Hong Kong and access to the Pearl River.

As labor costs increased in Hong Kong, manufacturers opened new plants in the cities of Guangdong including Guangzhou. As the largest city in one of China's wealthiest provinces, Guangzhou attracts farmers from the countryside looking for factory work. Cantonese links to overseas Chinese and beneficial tax reforms of the 1990s have aided the city's rapid growth.

In 2000, Huadu and Panyu were merged into Guangzhou as districts, and Conghua and Zengcheng became county-level cities of Guangzhou.

Based on a report in the Guangzhou Daily, there might be as many as 100,000 Africans in Guangzhou, a number that the newspaper reports has been increasing at an annual rate of 30 to 40% since 2003.[12][13][14]

Administrative divisions

Guangzhou is a sub-provincial city. It has direct jurisdiction over ten districts (区 qu) and two county-level cities (市 shi) :

Map Subdivision Hanzi Population as of 2006 Land area km²
Subdivisions of Guangzhou-China.png
Guangzhou City Proper
Yuexiu-qu 越秀区 1,151,481 32.82
Liwan-qu 荔湾区 705,262 62.40
Haizhu-qu 海珠区 890,512 90.4
Tianhe-qu 天河区 645,453 141
Guangzhou Suburban and Rural
Baiyun-qu 白云区 767,688 825
Huangpu-qu 黄埔区 193,641 122
Huadu-qu 花都区 636,706 961
Panyu-qu 番禺区 947,607 661.88
Nansha-qu 南沙区 147,579 544.12
Luogang-qu 萝岗区 167,360 389.06
Zengcheng-shi 增城市 810,554 1,741.4
Conghua-shi 从化市 543,377 1,974.5

As of April 28, 2005, the districts of Dongshan and Fangcun have been abolished and merged into Yuexiu and Liwan respectively; at the same time the district of Nansha was established out of parts of Panyu, and the district of Luogang was established out of parts of Baiyun, Tianhe, and Zengcheng, plus a part of Huangpu, making an exclave next to Huangpu.

Development plan

In January 2009 the National People's Congress approved a development plan for the Pearl River Delta Region. On March 19, 2009 the Guangzhou Municipal Government and Foshan Municipal Government both agreed to establish a framework to merge the two cities.[15]

Significant modern buildings


Guangzhou's Yuexiu CBD and Financial Centres.
Tianhe CBD at night with CITIC Plaza
Shangxiajiu, one of Guangzhou's most famous pedestrian malls.

Guangzhou is the main manufacturing hub of the Pearl River Delta, one of mainland China's leading commercial and manufacturing regions. In 2008, the GDP reached ¥821.58 billion (US $118 billion), per capita was ¥81,233 (US $11,696)[16].

The China Import and Export Fair, also called "Canton Fair", is held every year in April and October by Ministry of Trading. Inaugurated in the spring of 1957, the Fair is a major event for the city. From the 104th session, Liuhua Complex is not in use to hold Canton Fair. All the booths have been transferred to Pazhou Complex. From the 104th session, Canton Fair has been arranged in 3 phases instead of 2 phases.


Industrial zones

Science City


Geography and climate

Guangzhou is located at 112°57'E to 114°3'E and 22°26'N to 23°56'N. The city is part of the Pearl River Delta.

Guangzhou has a humid subtropical climate influenced by the Asian monsoon. Summers are wet with high temperatures, high humidity and a high heat index. Winters are mild, dry and sunny. Guangzhou features a lengthy monsoon season, spanning from April through September.

Climate data for Guangzhou
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18.3
Average low °C (°F) 10.3
Precipitation mm (inches) 40.9
Sunshine hours 118.5 71.6 62.4 65.1 104.0 140.2 202.0 173.5 170.2 181.8 172.7 166.0 1,628.0
% Humidity 72 77 82 84 84 84 82 82 78 71 66 66 77
Avg. precipitation days 8 11 15 16 18 19 16 16 13 7 6 5 150
Source: China Meteorological Administration[17] March 2009
Source #2: World Meteorological Organisation (UN)[18] January 2010


One of the new buses

Public transport

Guangzhou Metro

With the first line of Guangzhou Metro opened in 1997, Guangzhou is the fourth city in Mainland China to have an underground railway system, behind Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai. Currently the underground network is made up of four lines, covering a total length of 116 km (72 mi), while another four lines are under construction and due to be completed in 2010 before the Asian Games. A long term plan is to make the city's underground system expand over 500 km (310 mi) by 2020 with 15 lines in operation.

The existing four lines of Guangzhou Metro network:

Buses, taxis and motorcyles

From January 1, 2007, the municipal government has banned motorcycles in the urban areas. Motorcycles found violating the ban will be confiscated.[19] The Guangzhou traffic bureau claimed to have reported reduced traffic problems and accidents in the downtown area since the ban.[20]

According to a report on the China Daily of July 6, 2007, all buses and taxis in Guangzhou will be LPG-fueled by 2010 to promote clean energy for transportation and improve the environment.[21] At present, Guangzhou is the city that uses the most LPG-fueled vehicles in the world. As of the end of 2006, 6,500 buses and 16,000 taxis were using LPG, taking up 85% of all buses and taxis.

Air transport

Guangzhou's main airport is the Baiyun International Airport in Huadu District opened on August 5, 2004. It replaced the old Baiyun International Airport, which was very close to the city centre and failed to meet the fast-growing air traffic demand.

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport now has three runways. Meanwhile, two more runway is also to built.[22]

Railway transport

Guangzhou now has the JingGuang railway (Beijing-Guangzhou), the GuangShen railway (Guangzhou-Shenzhen), the GuangMao railway (Guangzhou-Maoming) and the GuangMeiShan railway (Guangzhou-Meizhou-Shantou). In the late 2009, the Wuhan–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway start its service, which enables Multiple unit to cover 610 miles at an average speed of 194 mph.

Intercity transport to Hong Kong

Guangzhou is well connected to Hong Kong by train, coach and ferry. The Guangdong Through Train departs from the Guangzhou East railway station (simplified Chinese: 广州东站traditional Chinese: 廣州東站pinyin: Guǎngzhōu Dōngzhàn) and arrive at the Hung Hom KCR station in Kowloon, Hong Kong. The route is approximately 182 km (113 mi) in length and the ride takes less than two hours. Frequent coach services are also provided with coaches departing every day from different locations (mostly major hotels) around the city.

River transport

There are daily ferry services including an overnight ferry service, which takes eight hours, as well as high-speed catamaran service which takes three hours, to the China Ferry Terminal or Macau Ferry Pier in Hong Kong. The Nansha Pier (新南沙客運港), located in the distant Nansha District outside the city centre, is also operating six daily 75-minute catamaran services to Hong Kong.

Local products

  • Canton Province Sculpture is legendary and includes Guangzhou Ivory Carvings, Jade Sculpture, Wood Sculpture and Olive Sculpture.
  • Cantonese Enamel includes Guangzhou Colorful Pottery. It has a history of over 300 years.
  • Cantonese Embroidery, namely "Yue 粤 Embroidery" (meaning literally "Guangdong embroidery")is one of the Four Famous Chinese Embroideries together with Su Embroidery, Xiang Embroidery and Shu Embroidery.
  • Canton Province Bacon is the general designation of cured meat in the Guangzhou and surrounding areas.
  • Zhujiang Beer(Pearl River Beer)


Parks and gardens

Tourist attractions

Guangzhou has a humid, hot sub-tropical climate. Annual average temperature is 21.8 degrees. Autumn, from October to December, is very moderate, cool and windy, and is the best travel time.[23] There are many tourist attractions around the city which include:

Colonial buildings on Shamian Island  
Towers in Guangzhou's CBD (left-center) with IFC/West Tower (right) and Guangzhou Opera House (front) under construction  
Pearl River at night  


Guangzhou has two local radio stations, the provincial Radio Guangdong and the municipal Radio Guangzhou. Together they broadcast Cantonese and Mandarin programmes in more than a dozen channels. The Beijing-based China National Radio broadcasts Putonghua programmes in the city. On the other hand, radio stations from cities around Guangzhou mainly broadcast in Cantonese whose programmes can be received in different parts of the city, depending on their locations and power. Radio Guangdong produces a 15-minute weekly English programme, Guangdong Today, which is broadcast globally through the World Radio Network but not in local channels. Daily English news and several other short weekly English programmes are also produced by Radio Guangdong.

Both TVB Pearl and ATV World, two major English channels in Hong Kong, can be received through cable TV in Guangzhou. The local Guangzhou Television also has its own English channel which runs all-English programmes from evening to midnight every day.

Guangzhou has some of the best Chinese-language newspapers in Mainland China, published by three big newspaper groups in the city. The Guangzhou Daily Press Group, Nanfang Press Corporation and Yangcheng Evening News Group dominate the newspaper market of Guangdong Province or even South Mainland China. The two leading newspaper of the city are Guangzhou Daily and Southern Metropolis Daily. Guangzhou Daily, with a circulation of 1.8 million, has been China's most successful newspaper for 14 years in terms of advertising revenue. In addition to Guangzhou's Chinese-language publications, there are a few English magazines and newspapers, most notably that's PRD (formerly that's Guangzhou) which was started more than a decade ago and has since blossomed into one of China's leading expat magazines with issues in Beijing, Shanghai and formerly Suzhou.


Higher education institutes

Sun Yat-sen College of Medical Science, Sun Yat-sen University
The main gate of Sun Yat-sen University

Universities and colleges

Note: Institutes without full-time bachelor programs are not listed.

Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Centre

Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Centre also known as Guangzhou University City is a large university complex located in the southeast suburbs of Guangzhou. This huge higher education centre occupies the entire Xiaoguwei island in Panyu District, covering an area of about 18 square kilometres. It houses new campuses from ten universities, nine of which still maintain their old campuses in downtown Guangzhou. The whole Higher Education Mega Centre can eventually accommodate up to 200,000 students, 20,000 teachers and 50,000 staff.[24]

Universities which have campuses in the Mega Centre:

Secondary and high schools

International schools


Guangzhou is hosting the 16th Asian Games in 2010 from November 12–27.

1987 The 6th People's Republic of China National Sports Meeting 1991 The 1st FIFA Women's World Cup 2001 The 9th People's Republic of China National Sports Meeting 2007 The 8th People's Republic of China Minorities Traditional Sports Meeting 2008 The 49th World Table Tennis Championships

Current professional sports clubs (football and basketball) based in Guangzhou include:

Sport League Tier Club Stadium
Football Chinese Super League 1st Guangzhou Pharmaceutical Yuexiushan Stadium
Football China League One 2nd Guangdong Sunray Cave Huangpu Stadium
Basketball National Basketball League 2nd Guangzhou Freemen Tianhe Stadium
Basketball National Basketball League 2nd Guangzhou Six-rice Huangpu Stadium
Baseball China Baseball League 1st Guangdong Leopards Guangdong Olympic Stadium

International relations

Sister cities

Guangzhou is twinned with the following cities:[25]

Country City County/District/Province/Region/State Date
 Japan Fukuoka Fukuoka May 2, 1979
 USA Los Angeles California December 8, 1981
 Philippines Manila Metro Manila November 5, 1982
 Canada Vancouver British Columbia March 27, 1985
 Australia Sydney New South Wales May 12, 1986
 Italy Bari Bari November 12, 1986
 France Lyon Rhône January 19, 1988
 Germany Frankfurt am Main Hessen April 11, 1988
 New Zealand Auckland Auckland February 17, 1989
 South Korea Gwangju Gwangju October 25, 1996
 Sweden Linköping Östergötland November 24, 1997
 South Africa Durban KwaZulu-Natal July 17, 2000
 United Kingdom Bristol England May 23, 2001
 Russia Yekaterinburg Sverdlovsk July 10, 2002
 Peru Arequipa Arequipa October 27, 2004
 Indonesia Surabaya East Java December 21, 2005
 Lithuania Vilnius Vilnius October 12, 2006
 United Kingdom Birmingham England December 4, 2006
 Sri Lanka Hambantota Hambantota February 27, 2007
 Brazil Recife Pernambuco October 22, 2007
 Finland Tampere Pirkanmaa December 2, 2008
 Thailand Bangkok Bangkok November 13, 2009

Friendship cities

Guangzhou has the following friendship cities:[26]

Country City County/District/Province/Region/State Date
 Brazil Salvador Bahia April 6, 1996
 Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City April 11, 1996
 Japan Ōita Ōita October 9, 1997
 Russia Khabarovsk Khabarovsk October 15, 1997
 United Arab Emirates Dubai Dubai June 1, 2000
 United States Guam March 28, 2002
 Japan Noboribetsu Hokkaidō May 19, 2002
 Australia Melbourne Victoria April 9, 2003
 Egypt Alexandria Alexandria July 17, 2003
 Spain Barcelona Catalonia October 23, 2003
 Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Chuy December 1, 2004
 Cuba Havana Havana June 15, 2005
 Germany Düsseldorf North Rhine-Westphalia July 25, 2006

See also




  1. ^ a b "土地面积、人口密度(2008年)". Statistics Bureau of Guangzhou. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  2. ^ a b "Guangdong Statistical Yearbook". Statistics Bureau of Guangdong. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  3. ^ MapMachine
  4. ^ A concise history of Hong Kong By John Mark Carroll
  5. ^ Demographia World Urban Areas population projections
  6. ^ Welsh, Frank (1974). Maya Rao. ed. A Borrowed Place: The History of Hong Kong. pp. 13. ISBN 1-56836-134-3. 
  7. ^ Needham, Joseph (1954). Science & Civilisation in China. Cambridge University Press. pp. 1, 179. 
  8. ^ Sima Guang. Zizhi Tongjian (Comprehensive Mirror to Aid in Government). 
  9. ^ Gabriel Ferrand, ed (1922). Voyage du marchand arabe Sulaymân en Inde et en Chine, rédigé en 851, suivi de remarques par Abû Zayd Hasan (vers 916). pp. 76. 
  10. ^ Kaifung Jews. Division of Religion and Philosophy. University of Cumbria.
  11. ^ "Top 10 Cities of the Year 1800". Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  12. ^ China and Africa: Stronger Economic Ties Mean More Migration
  13. ^ [1] China and Africa: Stronger Economic Ties Mean More Migration] By Malia Politzer. Migration Information Source. August 2008
  14. ^ Out of Africa and into China, immigrants struggle. Yahoo News. August 22, 2009.
  15. ^ Guangzhou and Foshan signed "City Merge Cooperation Framework"
  16. ^ "Guangzhou's GDP Per Capita Exceeds 10,000 USD, Double of Province's Average". Life of Guangzhou. 2009-01-27. Retrieved 2009-08-17. 
  17. ^ "中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年)" (in Chinese). Retrieved March 2009. 
  18. ^ "World Weather Information Service - Guangzhou". Retrieved January 2010. 
  19. ^ "Guangzhou Bans Motorcycles". Life of Guangzhou. 2007-01-03. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  20. ^ "Traffic Jam Improve after Motorcycle Ban". Life of Guangzhou. 2007-01-19. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  21. ^ "Date set for LPG-fueled buses, taxis". China Daily. 2007-07-06. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  22. ^ "". 2009-06-01. Retrieved 2010-03-06. 
  23. ^ "Travel China Guide: Fascinating Guangzhou". Blogspot. 2008-08-12. Retrieved 2008-08-21. 
  24. ^ "Mega Campus goes Wireless" (PDF). Intel Corporation. Archived from the original on 2008-02-27. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  25. ^ "Sister Cities of Guangzhou". Guangzhou Foreign Affairs Office. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  26. ^ "Friendship Cities of Guangzhou". Retrieved 2010-03-25. 

External links

Preceded by
Capital of the Republic of China (during Chinese Civil War)
Succeeded by

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

For other places with the same name, see Canton (disambiguation).
View of the World Trade Center along Huanshi Dong Road, with the Holiday Inn in the distant background.
View of the World Trade Center along Huanshi Dong Road, with the Holiday Inn in the distant background.

Guangzhou (广州 Guǎngzhōu or just simply GZ) is the capital of Guangdong Province in southern China and has a population of over 10 million (The official registered population is 7.3 million, with over 3 million unregistered residents). It is adjacent to Hong Kong and Macau. In the era of tea clippers, Guangzhou was known in the West as "Canton". The food and the language of the area are still known as "Cantonese."

The city is famous for foreign trade and business, and holds China's largest trade fair, the Canton Fair. However, in between the seemingly endless skyscrapers, shopping malls and building sites there is a lot of culture and history, and while Guangzhou is not usually high on the list of Asian tourist destinations, it is amazing how much the city actually has to offer.

Layout of Guangzhou
Layout of Guangzhou
Western central Guangzhou in detail (Liwan)
Western central Guangzhou in detail (Liwan)
Eastern central Guangzhou in detail (Yuexiu and Tianhe)
Eastern central Guangzhou in detail (Yuexiu and Tianhe)

There are ten districts in Guangzhou:

  • Liwan (荔湾 Lìwān) — This is the old Guangzhou, and is combined with the old Fangcun (芳村 Fāngcūn) area in the southwest. Tourist highlights include the colonial Shamian Island, Xiguan Old Houses, and Shangxiajiu shopping districts.
  • Yuexiu (越秀 Yuèxiù) — This is the political and cultural center and includes the old Dongshan (东山, Dōngshān) area. Highlights include Yuexiu Park, Beijing Lu Shopping District, and Huanghuagang Martyrs Memorial Park.
  • Haizhu (海珠 Hǎizhū) — Located south of the Pearl River, the district is becoming more business focused, particularly in real estate and trading. Locals refer to this part of Guangzhou as Henan, meaning south of the river. Highlights include the Canton Fair Pazhou Exhibition Center, Sun Yat-Sen University, and the Pearl River Promenade. Includes Xinjiao Town
  • Tianhe (天河 Tiānhé) — This is the new city center. It is thriving with many new developments, including skyscrapers like the Citic Plaza and new construction within Zhujiang New Town. Highlights include the Sports Center and many shopping centers.
  • Baiyun (白云 Báiyún) — This district has a big rural touch, but is slowly being taken over by new developments, including the new airport. Highlights include the Baiyun Mountain.
  • Huangpu (黄埔 Huángpǔ) — Not well known among foreign tourists, this district is to the east of the city center. Highlights include the former Huangpu Military Academy.
  • Panyu (番禺 Pānyú) — This is the new area and it focuses on technology and economic development. Highlights include the Lianhua Mountain, two wild animal theme parks and the new University City.
  • Huadu (花都 Huādū) — This is a developing industrial area. Highlights include Huadu Square.
  • Nansha (南沙 Nánshā) — This is an industrial area at the southern tip of the city. It offers little to tourists.
  • Luogang (萝岗 Luógǎng) — This is the eastern part of the city and is famous for its plum forest. It is not a popular tourist destination, but it does has some historical sites.

The urban part of the 10 districts are covered by this article, whereas Panyu, Huangpu, Nansha, Huadu, Nangang, and part of Tianhe and Baiyun are covered by Guangzhou Outer City.

In addition to the 10 districts, two nearby cities have been drafted into Guangzhou's jurisdiction:

  • Zengcheng (增城 Zēngchéng) is famous for its lychee fruit, which are picked in June and July.
  • Conghua (从化 Cónghuà) is known for its hot springs and Tian (Heavenly) Lake Recreation area.

The main tourist areas and metropolitan areas are in the northern part of the city and they include Liwan, Yuexiu and Tianhe.

Location of Guangzhou in China

At first sight, Guangzhou appears less as a city that is developing than one that is about to explode. Every corner seems to be packed with high-rise buildings, overpasses, and people running marathons. It can be overwhelming, and the initial instinct of many travelers is to leave as soon as possible. However, those that overcome this urge and stay around will discover a gentler and more personable side to the city.

As a major entry point for overseas culture for many centuries, foreigners are not the anomaly here that they are in other Chinese cities. Consequently, travelers are afforded more personal space and freedom. In addition, tucked away in the back streets, the old Guangzhou of traditional neighborhoods still moves at an age-old pace, with families and friends often sitting outdoors enjoying tea and banter.

Guangzhou also has the largest urban park in China, an island of refurbished colonial buildings and some world class galleries and exhibition spaces. In addition, possibly due to the distance from the country's political centers, the citizens of Guangzhou have developed a laid-back and play-hard approach to life.

Today, Guangzhou is recognized as one of China's most prosperous, liberal, and cosmopolitan cities. However, despite being an international trading hub, there is still a lack of English signage and, outside of the business districts and tourist areas, very few locals converse well in English.


Formerly known as Canton in the West, the city of Guangzhou has a history dating back roughly 2,500 years.

Although the actual origins of the city are lost in the midst of time, the most popular legend tells of five celestial beings riding into the area that is now Guangzhou on five rams and carrying sheaves of rice. The celestials bestowed blessings on the land and offered the sheaves to the people of the city as a symbol of prosperity and abundance. After the celestials left, the rams turned into stone, and Guangzhou quickly developed into an affluent and influential city. Due to this legend, Guangzhou has gained several popular nicknames: Yangcheng (City of Rams), Suicheng (Sheaves of Rice City) and Wuyangcheng (City of Five Rams). In addition, due to the abundance of flowers along the city's main thoroughfares, Guangzhou is often referred to as Huacheng (City of Flowers).

According to historical records, the city was built in 214BC and was known as Panyu (番禺). The name Guangzhou actually referred to the prefecture in which Panyu was located. However, as the city grew, the name Guangzhou was adopted for the city itself.

As a major sea port, Guangzhou's history is full of color. In 786 the city was sacked by the Persians and in 1711 the British East India Company established a trading post here. In 1842 the Treaty of Nanjing was signed, which designated the city as one of the five ports that were allowed business transactions with foreign nations.

Guangzhou was also part of the so called "Maritime Silk Road" that linked southern China with India, South-East Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. As a result of its links with the Middle East, a mosque was established in the city in 627, and a small Muslim community continues to live in Guangzhou to this day. Additionally, the sixth patriarch of Zen Buddhism was born in Guangzhou and taught the famous Platform Sutra in the city. As a result, Guangzhou has retained a strong connection with this school of Buddhism, and the monastery where the sixth patriarch studied is considered a local treasure.

When to visit

In terms of climate, the best time to visit Guangzhou is between October and November. Alternatively, April and May are also good months. Guangzhou has a sub-tropical climate with humidity levels at their highest in the summer, so unless you enjoy Turkish steam baths, this is a season to avoid! Typhoon season is from June to October. Please note that the Canton Trade Fairs take place annually during the 3rd and 4th weeks of April and October, so finding accommodation at those times can be difficult (See the warning section under Sleep).

Get in

By plane

The New Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (广州白云国际机场, IATA: CAN, ICAO: ZGGG, [1]) is a major hub in Southern China, second only to Hong Kong. The airport is the base of China Southern Airlines [2] and has not only an extensive range of domestic flights, but some intercontinental connections, including Air France to Paris, China Southern to Los Angeles, Melbourne and Sydney. Also Thai Airways and Thai Air Asia fly to Bangkok and Singapore Airlines fly to Singapore. Other direct international destinations include Amsterdam, Kuala Lumpur, Penang, Jakarta, Manila, Frankfurt, Tokyo, Nagoya, Osaka, Seoul, Busan, Doha, Denpasar, Dubai, Khabarovsk, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Taipei, Yangon, Vientiane, Siem Reap, Delhi, Cebu, Jeju, Fukuoka, Kitakyushu, Kathmandu, Male, Phuket, Kota Kinabalu, Phnom Penh, Saipan, Dhaka and Tuguegarao City

The airport is 28 km north from downtown Guangzhou, and should not be confused with the former Baiyun Airport which was closed in 2004. A metro line to the airport is under construction but won't be ready until 2010. In the meantime, taxi is the fastest option. See the airport fare table [3] for approximate fare cost. A taxi ride to downtown should cost no more than ¥120, inclusive of a ¥15 toll fee. As of 2009, there is a ¥1 fuel surcharge that is not shown on the fare meter.

Alternatively, 9 Airport Express bus lines are available to take you to major destinations in Guangzhou. Line 1 (¥16) departs every 15 minutes from 7 AM until the last flight and takes 45 minutes to reach the train station and Central Hotel. The ticket prices range from ¥10 to ¥36. Lines 1 to 6 are traveling within the metropolitan area, while lines 7-9 go to outer districts. There are also direct Airport Express buses to some cities in the vicinity, including Zhuhai and other cities in the Pearl River Delta.

Do not accept solicitations for rides to the city. Those are illegally operated and use unmarked vehicles. They may cost more than taxis since many travelers do not know the cost of airport transportations.

For many travellers, especially those arriving from outside Asia, flying to Hong Kong International Airport [4] (IATA: HKG; ICAO: VHHH) may be cheaper. From there, cross-boundary coach service to Guangzhou (and many other cities in Guangdong) is provided by three companies: China Travel Service, Trans-Island Chinalink and Eternal East. Fares range from HK$220-250 one way.

Kowloon (Hong Kong)-Guangzhou through train timetable
Train no. Hung Hom
GZ East
T810* 07:28 09:11
T822* 08:25 10:13
T812* 09:18 11:00
T802* 10:32 12:13
T806* 11:17 12:58
T816* 12:30 14:12
T824* 13:19 15:07
T818* 14:43 16:26
T804 15:47 17:25
T808* 16:30 18:13
T826 17:55 19:37
T820* 19:24 21:07
Effective from 18 April 2008
* denotes a stop-over in Dongguan (Changping station)

Trains cover the 182 kilometers from Hong Kong in about two hours (including a stop at Dongguan). Through Trains to Guangzhou depart from Hong Kong at Hung Hom railway station in Kowloon and arrive in Guangzhou at the East station in Tian He district. Trains operating on this service are operated by China Rail and the Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway Corporation (MTR). Since the merger of the Kowloon Canton Railway Corporation (KCRC) and the MTR, Hung Hom station and Hong Kong ticket sales are controlled by the MTR [5].

It is cheaper to take the high speed train (200 km/h) from Shenzhen to Guangzhou. Shenzhen is right across the border from Hong Kong and thousands of people walk over the bridge between the two every day. China High Speed train tickets are numbered D8## and can be bought from ticket counters or machines.

A project is underway to link the entire Pearl River Delta area with high speed (200+ km/hr) train network. The Zhuhai-Guangzhou section is due to open in 2008, and the journey will take just 56 minutes. Shenzhen is already connected. This is part of a nation-wide high-speed network that is under construction. Eventually, this will allow a 12-hour Guangzhou-Beijing ride.

There's also high-speed train connect Wuhan, Changsha and other cities along the line. It takes only 3 hours for a non-stop train to Wuhan, nearly 1000 km away. This train holds the current world record for commercial train services in term of average speed. For trains stop in mid-way, the journey time to Wuhan is about 3.8 hours and Changsha at about 2.5 hours.

It is possible to book a train ticket from Guangzhou to Lhasa, Tibet. The 4,980 km journey will take 58 hours. (¥869 and up.) The last stretch is on the new (2007) Qinghai-Tibet railway; for discussion see Overland to Tibet.

Bear in mind there are two major train stations in Guangzhou. The Guangzhou East Station (火车东站) services routes to Hong Kong, and other popular tourist destinations. The Guangzhou Station (广州火车站) is one of the biggest in the country and services routes that go all the way to Harbin. Countless travelers have gone to the wrong station and missed their scheduled trips. So be sure to know which train station to go to, which is specified on the tickets. Metro line 1 ends at Guangzhou East Station, and line 2 has a stop at the main station.

Note that there is little English signage at the train stations, and staff may not speak it (except at the Guangzhou-Kowloon counter)- bring a phrasebook or a Chinese friend if you're planning on traveling deeper into China.

By bus

Coach services are available to bring passengers from Hong Kong International Airport to several locations in Guangzhou. Among the destinations are recognizable landmarks like Jinan University (暨南大学) on Huang Pu Da Dao (黄埔大道), Garden Hotel (花园酒店) and China Hotel (中国大酒店) (see hotel section). The trip takes about 3+ hours and costs 250 HKD. There are also cross border bus terminals throughout Hong Kong. One of the Stations is at Austin Road and Canton Road near Kowloon Park. A one way ticket costs about 100 HKD.

Domestically, it is possible to hop on a bus from any corner of Guangdong province and get to Guangzhou. There are also many options from nearby provinces like Guangxi, Hubei and Fujian. The main stations are the Provincial Station (省汽车站), Tianhe Dasha Station (天河大厦站), Liuhua Station (流花站) and Yuexiu Nan Station (越秀南站).

By boat

There is a frequent ferry and hovercraft service from Hong Kong, Macau, and Haikou (Hainan Island) at the Zhoutouzui Ferry Pier (洲头咀码头). There are boats from other mainland cities, such as Xiamen, Shanghai, and Qingdao at the Dashatou Pier (大沙头码头).

New Nansha Pier (新南沙客运港) is now open with 6 lines daily traveling between Hong Kong and Guangzhou. The trip takes 75 minutes (¥116-230). However, Nansha is very far from the city center, although there is a bus route available from White Swan Hotel, running three times a day. Location Nansha Port: 1.6km South from Humen Bridge, Nansha District, Guangzhou. Passengers can take buses at White Swan Hotel to the Dock, 3 runs per day. Nansha can also be reached by taking the metro to the Panyu station and either catching a bus or taking a mototaxi to Nansha. If you plan to take this adventurous route ask someone to write instructions in Chinese for you as many of the motorbike riders do not speak English.

Schedule: Nansha to Hongkong: 09:30  11:00  12:00  15:00  16:00  17:30 Hongkong to Nansha: 08:00  08:20  09:00  13:00  14:00  15:30 Tickets: Economic ¥116.00, Business ¥170.00, VIP ¥230.00

Yang Cheng Tong card
Yang Cheng Tong card

Guangzhou has a fairly efficient and rapidly expanding public transportation system.

If you intend to stay in Guangzhou for an extensive period of time, it is highly advisable to purchase a multi-purpose Yang Cheng Tong (羊城通) stored value card, similar to the Octopus Card in Hong Kong. It can be used not only for public transportation (bus, subway, parking meters and some taxis), but also for public phones and designated shops, places of interests and certain vending machines. The card includes a ¥30 refundable deposit. While you can purchase the cards in many places, returning your card at the end of the trip is a hassle, since service locations are limited. The best place to do so is at the service center at the metro Gong Yuan Qian station. It may be worth it to simply keep it as a souvenir.

Getting to other cities

PRD Guide [6]

Guangzhou Metro
Guangzhou Metro

Guangzhou's metro system [7] opened in 1999. The network covers much of the city center and is growing rapidly outward. The fare ranges from ¥2 to ¥12. Most of the signs and announcements are also in English. Tickets are bought from vending machines in the stations. Bills from ¥5 - ¥10 or coins from ¥0.5 - ¥1 are accepted at ticket vending machines. You can change smaller bills at the customer service counter. The ticket is a small plastic token, which you swipe over the blue reader at the gate to enter the platform, and at the exit where you insert the token into the slot like a vending machine. Multi-Pass and Yang-Cheng-Tong are also accepted and can be purchased at the customer service counter. Please note that most of these machines do not accept old or torn notes. You can exchange old or torn notes for coins at the customer service counter. Tell the officer at the counter where you want to go and he or she will return your note with the requisite fare in coins and the rest in notes.

As of January 2010 there are now 5 lines. Line 1 & 2 are the most useful to tourists, running east-west and north-south respectively across the city centre. Line 3 mostly serves Tianhe and Panyu districts and splits at Tiyu Xilu with a short branch to the East Railway Station. Line 4 is a mostly elevated suburban line serving Panyu, University City and surroudning villages south-east of the city proper, and Line 5 is a half-circular route mostly following Huangshi Dong Lu (the inner ring-road).

By bus

There is also a comprehensive public bus service that covers Guangzhou from end to end. By far, it is the cheapest way to move around. Bus fares are ¥1 for the older buses and ¥2 for the air-conditioned ones, although the older buses are slowly being retired. Information at bus stops is mostly written in Chinese, although the current stop's name is also written in English and stops close to subway stations are marked with the Guangzhou Metro logo, which is handy if you are lost. On-board announcements are made in Mandarin, Cantonese and sometimes English. Exact fare or a Yangcheng card are needed when boarding. If travelling on a quiet bus it's advisable to signal to the driver that you wish to get off when approaching your stop by pressing the red buzzer next to the exit door or by saying 'xia yi zhan you xia'(pinyin:xià yī zhàn yǒu xià) meaning I'm getting off at the next stop or'you xia'(pinyin:yǒu xià).

Buses are only handy for travelling within one district or for reaching suburban districts that are not served by the subway, and heavy traffic can lead to a slow, uncomfortable journey although they can be handy for a cheap but slow sightseeing tour. Trolleybus routes 101-109 are handy for exploring Liwan and Yuexiu districts. There is currently a bus rapid transit (BRT) line under development which will cut journey times between Tianhe Sport Centre and Huangpu District by up to 50% by using segregated lanes in the centre of the road and using flyovers and tunnels to cross major intersections.

There are also 3 tourist bus lines, passing through many scenic spots in the city.

A handful of commuter express buses run mostly in peak hours from major bus/subway interchanges to outlying districts using the elevated roads and can be faster than taking a conventional bus. Fares are charged according to distance.

By taxi

This is the most popular way for foreigners to get around, and it is very affordable. The starting charge is ¥7 for the first 2.3 kilometers, or about 1.4 miles. After that is ¥2.6 for each kilometer. The cost may be slightly different, depending on the taxi operators. ¥1 fuel surcharge is now added. Although widely publicized, many of them actually do not accept Yang Cheng Tong as payment. The taxi hot line is 96900. This comes in handy if you forget your valuables in a taxi. Save your receipt because it contains the taxi's identification number.

Tip: Business names and addresses on this guide are also in Chinese. Print them out and show them to the taxi drivers. Most drivers do not speak English; many are from the poorer northern provinces and do not even speak Cantonese.

By car

While driving in Guangzhou is an option, drivers unfamiliar with the driving conditions in China's large and densely populated cities should be aware that the experience can be extremely daunting and potentially dangerous.

Car rental companies in Guangzhou:

  • Avis 9 Huali Lu + 86 20 3758-5080
  • Hertz 89 Linhe Xi Lu + 86 20 8755-1608

See also Driving in China.

By motorcycle

Although a convenient way to navigate the city's back alleys and lanes, motorcycles are totally banned from the downtown area of the city, and riding a motorcycle into these prohibited areas can lead to fines and possible confiscation of the bike.

In addition to the downtown motorcycle ban, electric bicycles are banned from the city roads. [8]

By bicycle

Due to the size of the city and poor facilities for cyclists, riding a bicycle is much less practical and much more dangerous than in other cities although millions of locals still cycle around. Generally it's safer to use the quiet backroads as main roads have little or no bicycle lanes and many intersections have no crossings for cyclists so you may find yourself having to frequently carry your bike across a footbridge or an underpass. There are very few rental shops and most are located on Shamian Island. However, you can buy a cheap bicycle from a major supermarket chain such as Trustmart, Carrefour or Tesco for about 200 yuan. A better option if you plan on staying a long time is to buy a lightweight folding bicycle as they can be carried on the metro free of charge.

Make sure you have a couple of high-grade locks as bike theft is rampant and the cheap locks available from bike-repair shops or those provided with the bike are of very low quality and can be easily broken. Many subway stations and busy areas have parking areas with a security guard who will watch your bike for around Y0.5-Y1 per day.

Note that cyclists cannot use the two main crossings of the Zhujiang River (the Huangsha - Fancun tunnel and the Haizhu Suspension Bridge) so you must uses the cross-river ferry instead (see below).

By ferry

The ferry is the cheapest way of crossing the Zhujiang River - it runs between the seafood market next to Shamian Island in Huangsha and the Bai-e-tan Bar Street (Changdi Lu) in Fancun and runs every 5 minutes from 5AM to midnight. The fare is 0.5yuan for a foot passenger or 1 yuan if you take a bicycle. The fare can be paid in cash (no change given) or using a transportation card - there are separate boarding gates for cyclists and pedestrians and you should pay at the boarding gate.

On foot

Due to the sheer size of the city, walking is not an option if for example you want to travel between Shamian Island and Citic Plaza as they are about 25km apart but can be reached in 30min by subway! However, walking is a great way of exploring individual districts and treats such as markets, small shops and local restaurants can be found up every little alleyway. Walking along main roads can be more of a nightmare - construction work can result in some inconvenient pedestrian diversions, open manhole covers or sidewalks blocked by huge piles of cement can be common. Take caution when crossing the road, even on a green light as bicycles and often cars will routinely drive through a busy pedestrian crossing expecting everyone to move out of the way. Many major intersections must be crossed using complex underpasses and footbridges. Make sure you have a map it's all too easy to get lost in the rabbit-warren of small streets and alleys, although street signs are written in English.

By getting on a bus without looking where it's going

(see above for information about using the buses) Whilst this is not a guarantee of a good day out, if you have seen all the major sights and still have time leftover, many small attractions are scattered around every corner of the city. Go to a busy bus stop, jump on a random bus and see where it takes you. For 2 yuan you might get a cheap sightseeing tour of the 'undiscovered Guangzhou', although you might end up in a boring residential area or the bus might terminate 2 blocks from where you got on! Make sure you remember the route number of the bus so you can get back! (Bus Routes Online Service on: [9])


The primary language of Guangzhou is Cantonese, although standard Mandarin, or Putonghua, is also widely spoken due to the large influx of migrants. As with elsewhere in mainland China, standard Mandarin is the only language used in schools so expect all educated people to be fluent in it. As the Guangzhou dialect of Cantonese is considered to be the prestige dialect, Guangzhou is a good place to start for those wanting to learn Cantonese in its "purest" form.

English is not common, but is still better understood here than most other Chinese cities, especially in restaurants and bars. It's a good idea to get your hotel's business card so taxi drivers can take you back if you get lost, and also to get hotel staff to write down the names of any tourist attractions you wish to visit in Chinese, so locals can point you in the right direction.

Sun Yat Sen Memorial
Sun Yat Sen Memorial
Our Lady of Lourdes Cathedral, on Shamian Island
Our Lady of Lourdes Cathedral, on Shamian Island
  • Guangxiao Temple (光孝寺 guāng-xiào-sì) 109 Guangxiao Lu (光孝路) (Metro 1 Xi Men Kou - Exit C) – As the sixth patriarch of Zen Buddhism, Hui Neng, trained at this temple in the 7th Century, it is a popular pilgrimage site for Zen Buddhists. The temple has been destroyed several times by fire, and the current buildings date only from the mid 19th century. Admission ¥4.
  • Liurong Temple (六榕寺 liù-róng-sì) 87 Liurong Lu (六榕路) (Metro 1 Gong Yuan Qian - Exit I)– The Temple of Six Banyan Trees, which includes the 17 story, eight-sided Hua Ta, or Flowering Pagoda, is one of the most popular attractions in Guangzhou. The temple dates back to the 6th century, while the pagoda predates it by about 300 years. Admission ¥5, Flower Pagoda ¥10.
  • The buildings and streets of the former British and French concession on Shamian Island (沙面岛) have been beautifully renovated, creating an oasis of tranquility in an otherwise bustling and hectic metropolis. One of the old structures is Our Lady of Lourdes Chapel, located at 14 Shamian Street. Attractions on the island are all free. As an island, Shamian is not particularly spectacular, but what makes it special that for several hundred years this tiny spit of land was the only place in all of China that Europeans could establish settlements. The architecture reflects that era, and it has a very unique atmosphere. (Metro 1 Huang Sha - Exit D)
  • Across the canal from Shamian is the Chinese Medicine Market. The modern front of the market has quite a few stalls selling dried herbs used in Chinese Medicine. The real charm here lies just behind the modern exterior. The modern exterior is built onto a series of old historical narrow alleyways with shops selling herbs. The Starbucks on Shamian provides a great respite from the hustle and bustle of Guangzhou
  • Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hall (中山纪念堂 zhōng-shān-jì-niàn-táng),(Metro 2 Ji Nian Tang - Exit C) located on Dongfeng Zhong Lu, is dedicated to the founder of the Republic of China and local hero Dr. Sun Yat-Sen. It was constructed in 1931 and built on the original site of Sun Yat-sen's presidential office on Yuexiu Hill. Oopen 8AM-6PM. Admission is free for the park and ¥10 to go inside the hall.
  • Chen Clan Academy (陈家祠 chén-jiā-cí) [10] Zhongshan 7 Lu (中山七路)(Metro 1 Chen Jia Ci - Exit D). This is very well preserved architecture from the 19th century. It used to belong to a wealthy family by the name of Chen and now houses many articles including ivory sculptures and artistic statues. (Admission ¥10)
  • Shishi Sacred Heart Catholic Cathedral (石室圣心大教堂 shí-shì-shèng-xīn-jiào-táng) 56 Yide Lu (一德路旧部前)(Metro 2 Hai Zhu Guang Chang).It is one of the oldest church structures in the city, and the largest of its kind of Southern China. It is currently in use for worship. Visiting hours are limited to Sun from 7AM-6PM. Free admission.
  • Huangpu Military Academy (黄埔军校旧址 huáng-pǔ-jūn-xiào-jiù-zhǐ) is on Changzhou Island. It was founded in 1924 by Sun Yat-sen, along with the Chinese Communist Party at the time. Many famous Chinese war heroes were trained here. Admission ¥15.
  • Wu Xian Guan Temple (五仙观 wǔ-xiān-guān) Weifu Xi Lu (惠福西路). (Metro 1 Xi Men Kou Exit C)Admission ¥5.
  • Huaisheng Mosque (怀圣寺 huái-shèng-sì) 56 Guangta Lu (光塔路) (Metro 1 Xi Men Kou Exit C). This is one of the oldest Muslim mosques in China, built in 627. The mosque is not open to the public, but you can take a peek outside.
  • Sanyuan Temple (三元宫 sān-yuán-gōng) – ingyuan Lu (Metro 2 Ji Nian Tang - Exit C). This is the largest and oldest Taoist temple in the city.
  • Xiguan Residence (西关大屋 xī-guān-dà-wū) (Metro 1, Chang Shou Lu)– See the traditional Cantonese architectures from ancient Guangzhou. This structure was occupied by the upper class.
  • Hualin Temple (华林寺 huá-lín-sì) (Tour Bus No. 2; Metro 1, Chang Shou Lu)
  • Guangzhou City Art Museum (广州美术馆) guǎng-zhōu-měi-shù-guǎn (Metro 2 Yue Xiu Gong Yuan)– Located near the Zhehai Building in Yuexiu Park, this impressive gallery has more than 10,000 pieces of art work, including calligraphy, traditional Chinese paintings, sculptures and Tibetan Buddhist art (Thangka).
  • Guangdong Museum of Art (广东美术馆) guǎng-dōng-měi-shù-guǎn, 8 Yanyu Lu, Er-sha Island, (Tour Bus No.2) [11]. Open 9AM-5PM, Tue-Sun. The museum is on Er-Sha Island and focuses on contemporary Chinese art, with a particular emphasis on Guangdong artists. Admission ¥15. Under 18 is free with paying parents.
  • Nanyue Royal Tomb Museum (南越王墓 nán-yuè-wáng-mù), 867 Jiefang Bei Lu, (Metro 2 Yue Xiu Gong Yuan) (解放北路867号) - Across from Yuexiu Park. This is a tomb of a king of ancient South China. 9AM-5:30PM. Admission is ¥12, 20 8666 0885)
  • Guangzhou Sculpture Park (广州雕塑公园) guǎng-zhōu-diāo-sù-gōng-yuán – Tongxin Lu at the foot of Baiyun Mountain. Free Admission. (Tour Bus No. 1, 3)
  • President Sun Yat-Sen Museum (孙中山大元帅府纪念馆) 18 Dongsha Jie, Fangzhi Lu (纺织路东沙街18号). +86 20 3428-1366. Admission is ¥6. Open 9AM-5PM Tue-Sun. Closed Mon.
  • Guangzhou Uprising Museum (广州起义旧址纪念馆) 200 Qiyi Lu (起义路200号)(Metro 1, 2 Gong Yuan Qian Exit J). The Museum is at the site of the first Communist government building. Open 9AM—12PM and 1:30PM-4:30PM Tues–Sun. Closed Mon.
  • Guangdong Revolutions History Museum (广东革命历史博物馆) 2 Lingyuan Xi Lu [b8907[p (陵园西路2号大院之2), (Located in the martyrs memorial park. Metro 1 Lie Shi Ling Yuan Exit D). Sun Yat-Sen was sworn in here in 1921 as the president of Republic of China. The museum tells stories from the Opium War to the founding of the new China.
  • Peasant Movement Institute (农民运动讲习所 nóng-jiǎng-suǒ) 42 Zhongshan 4 Lu (中山四路42号),(Metro 1, Nong Jiang Suo Exit C). This is the original site of Communist training center founded by Mao Tse-tung in the 1920s. Now it is a museum covering the recent China revolutionary history. Open 9AM-4:30PM Tue-Sat.
Yuntai Garden
Yuntai Garden
Communist monument in Martyrs' Memorial Garden
Communist monument in Martyrs' Memorial Garden
  • Huanghua Gang Commemoration Park (黄花岗公园), huáng-huā-gǎng-gōng-yuán, [12] 79 Xianlie Zhonglu, ) (Tour Bus No. 1), +86 20 3758-8321. Open 6AM-8:30PM. Admission is free. This is a park that will set you in a poignant mood. The main attraction is the monument built to commemorate the 72 martyrs who died during the 1911 uprising.
  • Yuexiu Park (越秀公园) yuè-xiù-gōng-yuán, (Metro 2 Yue Xiu Park Station Exit B1)[13] is the largest urban park in China and is a lush green area that flows over acres of hills and includes several lakes. It includes the Ming Dynasty Zhenhai Tower (镇海楼) zhèn-hǎi-lóu, now home to the City Museum with relics dating back to the 15th century and an up-to-date miniature of Guangzhou (separate admission). Also check out the Stone Statue of the Five Rams (五羊石像), the symbol of Guangzhou (For more details, see 'History' section of Understand). Open 6AM-9PM. Free Admission.
  • Yuntai Garden (云台花园)(Tour Bus No. 1, 3) yún-tái-huā-yuán is situated at the foot of Baiyun (White Cloud) Mountain and is famous for its wide variety of rare flowers and trees. Every year there is a beautiful 3-D flower exhibit. During this period, admission is ¥20, but it is well worth it. Admission is ¥10.
  • Huadu Square (花都广场) huā-dū-guǎng-chǎng is a park-cum-recreation square located in the north part the city and near the government office buildings of Huadu District (花都区). The square incorporates, among other attractions, an outdoor theater, large fountain, outdoor dance area and statues. There is a large grass area that is similar to a Western style meadow and a subtropical forest and ornamental flower beds.
  • Xiangjiang Wild Animal Safari Park (香江野生动物世界) xiāng-jiāng-yě-shēng-dòng-wù-shì-jiè is in Panyu district. Admission is ¥150.
  • Guangzhou Martyrs' Memorial Garden (广州起义烈士陵园) guǎng-zhōu-qǐ-yì-liè-shì-líng-yuán) Zhongshan 2 Lu (中山二路),(Metro 1 Martyrs' Park Station Exit D) – This park is dedicated to those who fought and died in the Communist Uprising in 1927.
  • Grand World Scenic Park (广州世界大观) guǎng-zhōu-shì-jiè-dà-guān, 888 Daguanyuan Nan Lu (天河东圃大观园南路888号), (Bus 548, 224, 245). Open 8:30AM-5:30PM.
  • The Baiyun Shan (White Cloud Mountain) (白云山 bái-yún-shān),(Tour Bus No. 1, 3) [14] is a great place to relax and enjoy a day among lush, rolling hills. It also offers great views over the city. The road to the top is restricted to park trams and pedestrians. To get to the top lookout point, you can use the main roads or trails. There are many places to rest and refreshments are available along the way. It is a great place to see people enjoying nature and playing games, such as badminton, football (soccer) and even bungie jumping. There are many bus routes to and from different parts of the city, as well as taxis usually available near the park gate. Open 6AM-7PM. Park entrance ¥5. Cable car round trip is ¥40, tram from ¥20. Other attractions ¥5-¥10)
  • Lianhua Shan (Lotus Mountain) (莲花山 lián-huā-shān) features an impressive quarry from which red sand stones were mined about 2,000 years ago, a pagoda from 1612, and a barrack from 1664. The obligatory statue of Guanyin, the Buddhist Goddess of compassion, at the side of the Buddhist temple is also not to be missed. From Guangzhou, take bus 308 or 302 and exchange bus at Panyu (番禺). The bus takes about two hours and costs ¥14. There is a ferry service from Guangzhou at Tianzi Pier (天字码头) at Beijing Lu Nan (北京路南) for ¥25. The boat leaves at 8:15AM and returns at 3:15PM. Admission is ¥30.
  • Sun Yat-Sen University [15] (中山大学 zhōng-shān-dà-xué), (Metro 2 Sun Yat-Sen University Station - Exit A)– This is the most famous university in Guangzhou and Southern China. It was founded by Sun Yat-sen, the founder of the Republic of China. The school now has three campuses. The old campus is green and beautiful, and has many historical sites. The north gate has a great river view.
  • Chinese medicine and acupuncture (中医和针灸) is taught at Guangzhou University of Traditional Medicine (广州中医药大学 guǎng-zhōu-zhōng-yī-dà-xué) [16] (Metro 2 San Yuan Li - Exit B). This is one of the main universities for traditional medicine in China and attracts many overseas students.
Locals on the run outside the Grandview Plaza in Tianhe District. In the background is the 80-story CITIC Plaza.
Locals on the run outside the Grandview Plaza in Tianhe District. In the background is the 80-story CITIC Plaza.

Street markets

If time and weather permits, walking is perhaps the best way to see the city as the back alleys, which are littered with antiquities, are not accessible by motorized vehicles. Most trades and goods categories are concentrated in a specific area or along one main street.

  • Guangzhou wholesale marker directory [17]. Find all kinds of professional wholesale markets in Guangzhou
  • Global International shoes Trade Centre [18](国际鞋城步云天地) Address:Zhan Xi Road 26# 广州市站西路26号步云天地
  • Xiguan Antique Street (西关古玩城) near Liwan Park (荔湾湖公园).
  • Flower Street (花卉水族街) Baohua Lu (宝华路).
  • Jade Street (玉器工艺街/玉器街) Changshou Lu (长寿路) and Wenchang Lu (文昌路), near Shangxiajiu Pedestrian Street. (Metro 1 Chang Shou Lu)
  • Ivory and Sea products (象牙雕刻海味街) Daxin Lu (大新路).
  • Toy Street (玩具街) and Dried goods and snacks Street (干果海味食品专业街) Yide Lu (一德路). (Metro 2 Hai Zhu Guang Chang)
  • Bridal Street (婚纱专卖街) Jiangnan Bei Lu (江南大道北).
  • Flowers, Aquatic and Lightings Street Danan Lu (大南街) near Beijing Lu (北京路). (Metro 1, 2 Gong Yuan Qian)
  • Household Merchandise Street (日用百货街) Gaodi Jie (高第街). The street has become a shopping center selling everyday goods.
  • Cultural Street (古玩字画街 / 文化商业街) Wende Lu (文德路),(Metro 1 Long Jiang Suo). This is a good place to look for antiques and traditional Chinese artistic goods.
  • Qingping Market (清平市场) Qingping Lu (清平路(,(Metro 1 Huang Sha) –It is located North from Shamian Island. Cantonese are known to eat just about any animal, and the market is world famous for its wild animal trades, although it has been tamer since the SARS outbreak. It is still a great place to go for exotic goods.
  • Haiyin Shopping District (海印专业购物区) is located at the northwest side of the Haiyin Bridge (海印大桥), selling appliances, sporting goods, cloth, fabrics, camera accessories and electronics.
Shangxiajiu pedestrian street
Shangxiajiu pedestrian street
  • Beijing Lu Pedestrian Street (北京路步行街 běi-jīng-lù) – This is the main shopping thoroughfare, a pedestrian street where most stores are open from 9AM-10PM. Avoid individuals who solicit pirated DVDs and imitation goods. Don't follow anyone into the small dark alleys in between buildings to see their goods. Remember to visit Mayflower Plaza (五月花广场 wǔ-yuè-huā-guǎng-chǎng) at 68 Zhongshan 5 Lu (中山五路68号), at the northern end of the Pedestrian Street. This is a place where young people hang out and shop. (Metro 1, 2 Gong Yuan Qian - Exits C, D)
  • Shangxiajiu Pedestrian Street (上下九商业步行街 shàng-xià-jiǔ) This shopping area is also a showcase of traditional Cantonese architecture. It is particularly pretty at night when it's lit up. Prices here are generally lower than Beijing Lu's, but prepare to bargain a fair bit. Remember to visit Liwan Plaza (荔湾广场 lì-wān-guǎng-chǎng), located at 9 Dexing Lu (德星路9号), the east end of the street. (Metro 1 Chang Shou Lu - Exits D1, D2.) You will find a good selection of crystal here.
  • Zhengjia Plaza (Grandview Mall) (正佳广场 zhèng-jiā-guǎng-chǎng) [19] 228 Tianhe Lu, (天河路228号),(Metro 1, 3 Ti Yu Zhong Xin). +86 020 3833-0098. This is new mall built near Teem Mall, located in the heart of Tianhe district. It includes famous fashion stores and several department stores, with beautiful musical fountians and fantastic views. Guest flow can reach half a million a day on holidays and festivals. This mall includes Starbucks, Dairyqueen, Pizzahut and McDonalds. An iceskating rink, amusement park, and a fivestar cinema is available. This is the largest Western-style shopping mall in China.
  • China Plaza (中华广场 zhōng-huá-guǎng-chǎng). 33 Zhongshan 3 Lu, (中山三路33号),(Metro 1 Martrs' Park) – Located on top of a metro station, this is another large shopping mall with brand name department stores, clothing and electronics stores, restaurants, etc.
  • Tee Mall (天河城 tiān-hé-chéng) [20] (Chinese) 208 Tianhe Lu (天河路208号),(Metro 1 Ti Yu Xi Lu). This is probably the busiest and most popular shopping mall in the heart of the city. It is located right above the metro station.
  • Zhong Tian Shopping Plaza (中天购物城 zhōng-tiān-gòu-wù-chéng) – Located at Zhongxin Square near the East Train Station. (Metro 1 Guangzhou Dong Zhan.) (天河北路 233号中信广场). This plaza is more than a place to shop and eat. The plaza has great one-stop service to meet your banking, dry cleaning, grooming and transportation ticket needs.
  • Friendship Store (广州友谊商店 yǒu-yí-shāng-diàn) 369 Huanshi Dong Lu (环市东路369号). 9:45AM-9:45PM. It is one of the oldest department stores targeting foreigners in Guangzhou. You will also find its branches in Zhengjia Plaza and Times Square on 28 Tianhe Beilu (天河北路28号).
  • Wang Fu Jing (王府井百货 wáng-fǔ-jǐng) 40 Long Lin Xia Lu (农林下路40号). The famous department store in Beijing opened a branch in Guangzhou with the same name, featuring mid to high-end products.
  • Onelink Plaza (万菱广场 wàn-líng-guǎng-chǎng) 39 Jie Fang Nan Lu (解放南路39号) – At first glance, this looks like a regular shopping mall but it is actually a wholesale market. Each shop usually sells just one type of product but the selection and variety of products is enormous, you'll find variations of products you won't find anywhere else. You can buy products such as arts and crafts, jewelry, sporting goods, toys, key chains, collectibles and gifts of all types. Many store and boutique owners from all over the world come here to buy their products wholesale. You will get the best prices if you buy in bulk (usually 20 or more). Most shop owners will not bargain unless you buy in bulk. However, if you only buy one or two items, the prices are usually cheaper than anywhere else since you are buying directly from the wholesaler.
Pearl River Dinner Cruise
Pearl River Dinner Cruise
  • Pearl River dinner cruise (珠江夜游) Dashatou Pier (大沙头码头), Tianzi Pier (天字码头), and Xiti Pier (西堤码头) – This is a one to two hour cruise in the evening and a great way to see the Guangzhou skyline along the Pearl River, including a light show at Bai-E-Tan. Tickets for the deluxe dinner cruise can be bought from most high-end hotels. Prices from ¥50 per person.
  • Chinese New Year/Spring Festival (春节 chūn-jié) occurs on first day of first lunar month, usually in January or February. This is a 15 day celebration and some districts can be quite deserted as many migrant workers return to their home provinces. The flower fair is popular during the days before New Year.
  • Dragon Boat Festival (端午节 duān-wǔ-jié) on fifth day of fifth lunar month, usually in May or June. This festival commemorates the sacrifice of Qu Yuan (屈原), a famous poet who drowned himself in the river by way of making a statement against government corruption during the Warring States Period. The highlights are dragon boat racing along the Pearl River, and eating rice dumplings wrapped in bamboo leaves (粽子).
  • Mid-autumn Festival (中秋节 zhōng-qiū-jié) is on the 15th day of 8th lunar month, usually in Sept or Oct. Cantonese moon cakes are enjoyed during this holiday. Lian Xiang Lou and Tao Tao Ju's moon cakes are especially famous (see "Eat" section). Kids' favorites are paper lanterns. Many locals also enjoy riding ferries and watching the full moon on the Pearl River.
  • Tomb Sweeping Day (清明节 qīng-míng-jié) is around the spring equinox, usually on April 5th. Involves visits to the family tombs for cleaning and making offerings.
  • Chinese Valentines Day (七夕 qī-xī) is on 7th day of 7th lunar month, usually in August or September. According to legend, a heavenly fairy Zhi Nu (织女) fell in love with a mortal farm boy Niu Lang (牛郎). It's forbidden of course, so as punishment, they are only allowed to meet once a year on this day. This is the Chinese equivalent of Valentine's Day, but it is steadily losing its appeal among the locals, especially to the young.
  • Winter Solstice (冬至) dōng-zhì, which literally means the Coming of Winter is on December 22nd. Traditionally, Cantonese people observe the day with a family feast, which often includes preserved duck and sausages. However, the highlight of the day's festive dishes is hot soup served with flour dumplings (汤圆).

The Canton Fair

Twice a year, in Spring and Fall, Guangzhou hosts the Canton Fair [21] or China Import And Export Commodities Fair. It has been running since 1957 and for many years was almost the only way foreign businesses could make contacts in China. It is still very important now. Anyone who is doing or wants to do business with China should consider visiting.

If you are going to the fair, book a hotel well in advance. Hotels tend to be booked and expensive during the Fair. China Hotel and Dongfang Hotel are probably the best places to stay if you can afford it. It is right across the street from one of the main exhibit halls. Many affordable hotels, including Oasis Hotel Guangzhou [22], provide free shuttle services to the main exhibit centers during the fair. Taxis may not be your best option since there are traffic controls in the exhibit areas.

The two main exhibit halls are the Pazhou Complex at 380 Yuejiang Zhong Lu (阅江中路380号) (Metro 2 Pa Zhou), and the old Liuhua Complex at 117 Liuhua Lu (流花路117号) (Metro 2 Yue Xiu Gong Yuan). The old Liuhua Complex is closed now, the whole fair takes place at Pazhou Complex (for details visit the official website of Canton Fair).

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Cantonese cuisine is well-known for its blend of color, fragrance, taste and presentation, and it is ranked among the top four in the country. In particular, dim sum, a delicate pastry, is famous for being simple yet delicious. Local customs have also played a major role in the development and diversity of Cantonese cuisine, as it is often said that Cantonese people eat everything that swims except a submarine, everything that flies except an airplane, and everything with four legs except a table. However, despite the culinary achievements in the kitchen, the standards of hygiene still leave a lot to be desired, and so care should be taken in choosing restaurants and dishes. If in doubt, it is safer to avoid food containing meat, and fortunately Cantonese cuisine is famous for its vegetarian dishes.

Do not ever be afraid of ordering too much - almost every restaurant in Guangzhou will have a takeaway option, just ask to da bao (take-out) and your leftovers will be packaged up in a sealable, microwavable container to be eaten at home.

  • Baifu Restaurant (百福酒家), 112 Tiyu Dong Lu (体育东路112号百福广场三楼) (3F, Baifu Plaza, Metro 1 Ti Yu Zhong Xin), +86 20 3880-8268.  edit
  • Chuan Guo Yan Yi, 140-148 Tiyu Dong Lu, Tien He District, +86 20 3887-9879. Food from Sichuan (Sezchuan) province, the food from this restaurant is served hot pot style. Busy on Friday and Saturday nights. Popular with expats and those who like hot/spicy food.  edit
  • Datong Restaurant (大同酒家), 63 Yanjiang Lu (沿江路63号), +86 20 8188-8988. Huge restaurant spans all 8 floors of the old building. The place has been around for a long time and is a favorite among locals.  edit
  • Guangzhou Restaurant (广州酒家), 2 Wenchang Nan Lu (文昌南路2号) (Metro 1 Chang Shou Lu), +86 20 8138-0388. This Cantonese family restaurant has several branches all over the city. Other locations include 20 Binjiang Xi Lu (滨江西路20号) and 112 Ti Yu Dong Lu(体育东路112号).  edit
  • Liuhua Congee House (流花粥城), Renmin Bei Lu (人民北路903号流花湖公园) (In Liuhua Park. Metro 2, exit Yue Xiu Gong Yuan), +86 20 8668-0108. Open 24 hours. Excellent dim sum in beautiful surroundings.  edit
  • Lian Xiang Lou (莲香楼), (Metro 1, exit Chang Shou Lu), +86 20 8181-1638. M-F 6:30AM-10PM, Sa-Su 6:30AM-11PM. Founded in 1889, Lian Xiang Lou is known for its tasty dim sum. Local cards only.  edit
  • Pan Xi Restaurant (泮溪酒家), 151 Longjin Xi Lu (龙津西路151号), +86 020 8181-5718. Serves up dim sum among trickling streams and stunning architecture. Try one of their famous dumplings shaped like a rabbit's head.  edit
  • Tao Tao Ju (陶陶居), 20 Dishipu Lu, (第十甫路20号) (Metro 1 Chang Shou Lu), +86 20 8138-9632. Specialty is the Cantonese moon cakes.  edit
  • Wenji Restaurant (文记壹心鸡), 10 Xuanyuan Qiao (荔湾区宝华路旋源桥10号) (Metro 1 Chang Shou Lu), +86 20 8172-8887. As the place was established by the former chefs from Qingping restaurant, they have the original Qingping chicken on the menu.  edit
  • Cai Gen Xiang (菜根香), 167 Zhongshan 6 Lu (中山六路167号) (Metro 1 Xi Men Kou), +86 20 8334-4363. 6:30AM-2:30PM, 5PM-9PM.  edit
  • Fo Shi Jie (佛世界素食馆), Niu Nai Chang Jie (同福中路牛奶厂街二圣宫前2-8号) (by Tongfu Zhong Lu), +86 20 8424-3590. 7AM-9PM. Part of the profits is given to charity.  edit
  • Fo You Yuan (佛有缘素食馆), 12 Shi Lu Ji Zhongshan 8 Lu; 712 Shangjiu Lu (上九路712号) (Metro 1 Chang Shou Lu), +86 20 8181-9188. 6:30AM-3PM, 5PM-10PM. Interesting and new vegetarian dishes.  edit
  • Shui Yun Tian (水云天), 38-42 Jinghui Lu (净慧路38-42号首层) (next to the Guangxiao Temple, Metro 1 Xi Men Kou), +86 20 8107-2463. 6:30AM-2:30PM, 4:30PM-9:30PM. Great buffet around noon.  edit
  • Cow and Bridge Thai Restaurant (牛桥泰菜), 2/F, Xiang Long Garden, 181 Tianhe Bei Lu (天河北路181号祥龙花园二楼), +86 20 8525-0821. This famous Thai restaurant offers many varities of Thai dishes. Ask for the more fiery version of your meal, if you're used to Thai cuisine, as the dishes are somewhat localized.  edit
  • Lan Kwai Fong (兰桂坊), 5 Shamian Nan Jie (沙面南街5号), +86 20 8121-6523. Good curries and polite service in this Shamian Island favorite. It is tourist friendly and menus are available in English.  edit
  • Banana Leaf (蕉叶西餐厅), 28 Tianhe Bei Lu (天河北路28号时代广场2楼) (2/F, Times Square), +86 20 3891-0728, [23]. Traditional and established Thai restaurant chain in Guangzhou. They also have restaurants at GZTV Hotel (G/F, 8 Luhu Lu, +86 20 8359-7499) and World Trade Center (5/F, 371-375 Huanshi Dong Lu). (Metro 3 Lin He Xi)  edit
  • Vaastu, a date with India (雅仕度餐厅), +86-20-38258181, [24]. Vaastu started operations in October 2008. The food is great and the location is near the new central business district in Zhujing Xinchng (Pearl River New City). Very nice decor. Consists of three sections. A must visit on your trip to Guangzhou. Voted the Best Restaurant in Guangzhou in 2008 and 2009. Owner is often there.  edit
  • 13 Factories (十三行), Tiyu Xi Lu Tianhe Bei Jie No. 7 (广东省广州市体育西路天河北街七号), +86 20 3884 9230. 11AM-12AM. Menu has a heavy American South influence, with authentic gumbo, jambalaya, po' boys, and pulled pork all on offer, but French, Spanish, and Italian dishes can also be found. Frequented by both expats and locals.  edit
  • Buongiorno Italian Restaurant (Buongiorno意大利餐厅), 33 Jiansheliumalu, 3F Yian plaza (广东省广州市 越秀区建设六马路33号宜安广场3楼304/310), +86 20 83633587, [25]. 11AM-11PM. Real Italian restaurant, Italian managed and prepared. Best pizza and pasta in town, wonderful meat and fish dishes.  edit
  • Danny's Italian American Restaurant, 4F Unit 403, #188 Huangpu Da Dao Xi, Home Garden Mall, Tianhe District 地址:黄埔大道西 188号 维家思广场 四楼, +86 020 8756-1993, [26]. Guangzhou expat institution. Delicious Italian dishes including pasta, pizza, salad, desserts, hamburgers and other "western" foods. Chinese dishes are also available. For dine in or take out.  edit
  • The Italian Restaurant (小街风情意大利餐厅), 360 Huanshi Dong Lu (环市东路360号珠江大厦东座3楼) (3F, East Tower, Zhujiang Building), +86 20 8386-3840. 10:30AM-2AM. Despite the unimaginative name, this is the place if you're craving Italian. Pizzas, pastas and beer are on offer.  edit
  • The Mexican Restaurant, (just above The Italian Restaurant). Food is mediocre and a bit expensive.  edit
  • La Seine (塞纳河法国餐厅), 33 Qingbo Lu (Ground floor, Zinghai Concert Hall), +86 20 8735-2222. The best French restaurant in the city. Also one of the most expensive restaurants.  edit
  • Western Delights, Tao Jin Jia Yuan, +86 13533377784, [27]. Western-style homemade sandwiches, managed and prepared by Westerners. Delivery service.  edit

Foreign Chains

Foreign fast food, ice cream and coffee chains are well established in Guangzhou. These include KFC (肯德基), Pizza Hut (必胜客), McDonald's (麦当劳), Starbucks (星巴克) and Häagen-Dazs (哈根达斯). All of these can be found in the Zhengjia Plaza (See "Shop").

Convenience stores and supermarkets

Convenience stores are on almost every street corner and most are open 24 hours. Major convenience store chains include 7-Eleven, FamilyMart, Circle-K and C-Store. Prices are a little higher than in local shops or supermarkets, particularly at 7-Eleven. Note that 7-Eleven, FamilyMart and Circle-K do not sell cigarettes, but C-store does. Corner Deli is an imported products (Europe, U.S.A. and AUS/NZ) grocery store on the backstreet behind CITIC Plaza.

The main supermarket chains are:

Carrefour - huge French hypermarket on Kangwang Lu near Chenjiaci station. It's cheap and has a good product choice.

Jusco - several including Tee Mall (TiyuXilu) and GZ East train station (Relocated from China Plaza near Martyrs Park). This Japanese chain has a good selection of imported foods.

Park 'n' Shop - Hong Kong chain with several locations ranging from convenience stores to hypermarkets. The largest stores are in the shopping mall above Changshou Lu Station and on Tianhe Bei Lu close to the Longkouxi bus stop. A little more expensive but has a good choice of imported foods.

TESCO - British hypermarket located on Zhongshan 6th Rd. above Ximenkou Station. Spread over 4 floors - has a limited choice of food and very few imported products, but very cheap.

Trust-mart - locations at Fangcun, Kecun Living Mall and Gangding. This Chinese chain has a large stock of non-food items but the grocery selection is a little limited although prices are lower than it's international rivals. Often crowded at weekends.

Bar Street at Bai-E-Tan
Bar Street at Bai-E-Tan

When it comes to drinks, Guangzhou is one of the best cities in China to knock back a few. With a relatively large population of foreigners here, the city offers a wide variety of nightspots that cater to all tastes.

Tsing Tao and Zhu Jiang are the two major Chinese beer brands that are sold almost everywhere. Both are fairly standard light lagers. Carlsberg is also brewed in Guangzhou, which explains the reasonably large amount of Carlsberg taps in the bars.

Bai-E-Tan Bar Street (白鹅潭酒吧风情街) on Changdi Street (长堤街) (Metro 1 Fang Cun; across the river from White Swan Hotel) is packed with bars, but action is scarce until at least 10:30PM. It is recommended to have dinner in one of the nearby restaurants before heading out to the bars. Special promotions, such as a half dozen bottles of beer for ¥100, are common.Overseas Chinese Village, next to Holiday Inn is a sort of bar street consisting of six or seven bars side by side, all two-storey buildings with a different theme on each floor. Prices are on the high side, costing about ¥40 for a small bottle of beer.

For latest reviews of restaurants, bars and night clubs pick up a free copy of That's PRD [28], a monthly English publication. It is available at several hotels and lounges.

Nightlife at Shangxiajiu in Liwan District.
Nightlife at Shangxiajiu in Liwan District.
  • Elephant and Castle, (next door to Hill Bar opposite the Garden Hotel). British style pub serving bitter Guinness and a variety of bottled and draft beers. Prices are reasonable for the area, especially during Happy Hour. Serves decent pub food.  edit
  • Hill Bar, (outside Baiyun Hotel and opposite Garden Hotel). Reasonable price for drinks and live band performances nightly. ¥30 pints.  edit
  • Hooley's Irish Pub and Restaurant, 2 Tian He Bei Lu, Ground Floor of the Bing Hua Hotel, Tianhe District (Walking distance from Westin Hotel). Hooley's is an authentic Irish pub with a focus on live music performances (rock, pop, folk and jazz). Known to have best pub grub in the city, as well as Irish, Italian and fusion dishes. Bakes its own bread. Great rocking vibe Fri-Sa. Open Mic Wednesdays, Ladies Night Thursdays.  edit
  • Lucy's (Cafe Bar), (next to the White Swan Hotel right by the Pearl River). Excellent western food and drinks for very reasonable prices. Very nice area in the open for al-fresco dining.  edit
  • Paddy Field Irish Pub and Restaurant, (around the back of Garden Hotel).  edit
  • Tavern Bar, 368 Huan Shi Dong Lu. 5:00 pm to 1:00 am. The Tavern Bar is a traditional English style pub, which opened on December 15, 2009. It's decorated with brass foot rails, velvet upholstered seats, smoked glass and tropical fans, creating an aura of cosiness and intimacy. Serves food and tapas, Happy Hour from 4-8pm. Also shows regular sports matches live. The Tavern is the closest pub to Hyatt and Ritz Carlton in ZhuJiang New Town. ¥25 pint.  edit
  • Sleeping Wood Cafe. (happy hour before 8PM). Cozy restaurant pub next to the Holiday Inn with friendly, English speaking staff. Serves western food and all kinds of alcoholic drinks. One-for-one pint-sized Tsing Tao draft beer during happy hour. Good place to unwind, especially in the open area. 2nd location along Pearl River. ¥25-¥30.  edit
  • C:Union, No.115, Shuiyin Rd., Chengshihui. Great place to hear atyipical live music like reggae or classic rock. Bar has both an indoor section consisting of a dance floor and couches and an outdoor section with patio seating and recently-added new basement. Wide beer selection and bartenders measure all drinks out in plain view. Early on the bar is populated mostly by locals, however as the night progresses the bar quickly fills with expats. Patrons tend to be very friendly open to meeting new people. There is usually at least one English speaking bartender at each station. ¥25-¥50 beer, ¥15 shots.  edit
  • The Cave (墨西哥餐厅酒吧), 360 Huanshi Dong Lu (环市东路360号珠江大厦东侧) (basement on the end of the Zhu Jiang Building (珠江大厦) nearer to the Garden Hotel), +86 020 8386-3660. ¥30 standard drink.  editA favorite expat hangout. The resident DJ spins a wide range of music. Exotic dance performances, i.e. live-python dance, start late on the dance floor.</drink>
  • Club NaNa, No. 26 Tianlun Garden Jian She 4 Rd. (建设4马路26号天伦花园) (up the street from Oggi's Pizza). Packs a variety of music, well-known throughout Guangzhou for its wild parties, including a singles lock and key party, a secret costume party, and live hip-hop shows. The owners may be seen handing out free drinks. Beware of the tequila shots. Begins as a largely Chinese club but around 11:30PM, the shaking switches from dice to dancing and it becomes a mix of East and West.  edit
  • Gipsy King Bar (大篷车酒吧), 360 Huanshi Dong Lu (环市东路360号珠江大厦西地下) (opposite end of the Zhu Jiang Building from The Cave), +86 020 8387-5177. Underground bar similar to The Cave. Many local "working" girls sashay around. There are individual dance performances at one corner of the bar, while group performances start on the main dance floor at 10PM. ¥30 standard drink.  edit
Gipsy King Bar
Gipsy King Bar
  • Penthouse. High class bar with dance floor. Variety of sparkling wine ensures you can live it up with standards. The DJs blast the hottest music.  edit
  • Tang Club, 1 Jianshe 6 Malu (建设六马路1号). One of the most expensive places to hang out, featuring a live band that plays good old rock-and-roll as well as contemporary rock. This is the place to be seen. The crowd is a mixture of expats and locals. ¥50 small bottles.  edit

Tea houses

The culture of tea drinking, also known as Yum Cha (饮茶), runs deep in Guangzhou. After all, the city was at the center of the massive tea trade that existed between China and Europe during the 19th century.

  • Simple Love Tea Shop, #102, 94 Tianhe Nan 1 Lu (Down from the south gate of Teem Plaza). 3PM-2AM.  edit
  • Tian Chang Di Jiu, 1 Zhengping Zhong Jie, Taojin Lu, +86 20 8358-1627.  edit
  • Chun Ya Yuan Teahouse, 19 Siyou Xin Ma Lu (4/F, Changcheng Hotel), +86 20 8761-2888 ext.6488. 7PM-1AM.  edit
  • Crystal Tea House, 6 Longkou Dong Lu, Tianhe (1/F, Yuan Yang Hotel), +86 20 8759-6988 ext.67. 10AM-2AM.  edit
  • Wong Chun Loong Herbal Tea. Several branches at 17 Wenchang Nan Lu, 109 Huagui Lu, 51 Dishipu Lu, 504 Xihua Lu, 859 Longjin Dong Lu, 25 Longjin Xi Lu, 142 to 144 Huanshi Xi Lu, 4-lst No.1 street, Xiwan Dong Lu, 320 Duobao Lu and 120 Shangjiu Lu.  edit
  • People's Cakes & Coffee, #102, 17 Jianshe 6 Ma Lu (建设六马路17号102房), +86 20 8376-6677. Enjoy cakes and coffee at this Western coffee shop run by Koreans. There is another branch at 98 Taojin Nan Lu (Tel. +86 20 8348-8085).  edit

Starbucks has been in the P.R.C. for over 10 years, with more than 25 locations in Guangzhou alone. The benefit to many travelers is the free wireless internet. More popular locations are on Taojin Lu by the Guangzhou Friendship Store, and just across Huanshi Dong lu in the Peace World Plaza is a 2-storey location. It is across the street from the Garden Hotel. TIP: Pick up a brochure from the milk/sugar/spices bar that lists locations throughout Guangdong province (Guangzhou, Dongguan, Shenzhen). Addresses are written in English and Chinese and very handy for showing a taxi driver.

Travel Warning

WARNING: Weeks starting Mid-April to Early May and Mid-October to Early November (April 15-May 5 and October 15-November 5) coincide with the annual Guangzhou International Trade Fairs. Hotel room rates are unreasonably hiked up anything from 200% to 400%, including hostels! If you're not travelling to see the Trade Fair, you might want to consider another period of time.

This guide uses the following price ranges for a standard double room:
Budget Under ¥150
Mid-range ¥150-500
Splurge Over ¥500
  • Bin Jiang Hostel (滨江青年旅舍), 405 Yanjiang Dong Lu (大沙头沿江东路405号), +86 20 8383-4110. A little far from the center of the city. No close Metro access. dorm room ¥60, singles with shower ¥170 (¥180 in Oct).  edit
  • City Youth Hostel (广州国际青年旅舍), 179 Huanshi Xi Lu (环市西路179号) (Metro 2 Guangzhou HuoCheZhan), +86 020 8666-6889. Tiny single rooms and close to the train station but it does not provide the nicest environment. singles ¥80, ¥60 for members (¥270 in Oct).  edit
  • Guangdong Youth Hostel (广东省外事办招待所), 2 Shamian 4 Jie (沙面四街2号) (diagonally across the street from the landmark White Swan Hotel, Metro 1 Huang Sha), +86 20 8121-8298, [29]. Clean, convenient and reasonably priced for Guangzhou. English is spoken. There are 8 dormitory beds in each room. Ask for a double room on the 5th floor on the river side. Good quality/price. There is a lounge with free computers and internet, TV, microwave oven, and refrigerator. Reservations are accepted and encouraged, since the hostel is usually at capacity and was featured on the Globe Trekker. dorms ¥60, singles ¥200.  edit
  • Guangzhou Riverside Youth Hostel, No.15 Changdi St., Luju Rd., Liwan 510370 (Near Luju Rd. along Pearl River, Metro 1 Fangcun), +86 20 2239-2500 (, fax: +86 20 22392548), [30]. Convenient and near to a number of establishments and attractions, including the Bank of China, Metro station, restaurants, Pearl River, and shopping centers. doubles ¥178.  edit
  • Hengfulai Hotel, No. 406 Sanyuanli Road, Baiyun District, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China, 0086-020-86662829, [31]. near the train station.  edit
  • Jin Fa Hotel, 2 Zoumagang, Sanyuanli Road, Baiyun District, +86 20 86361238, [32].  edit
  • Tielu Tong Tong Hotel, 101 Guangyuan Xi Lu (Metro 2 Guangzhou HuoCheZhan). A few blocks from the train station, includes hot water, toilet and A/C. Spacious but noisy. 1st night ¥100,¥80 thereafter.  edit
  • Baiyun Hotel (白云宾馆), 367 Huanshi Dong Lu (环市东路367号) (across from Garden Hotel), +86 20 8333-3998, [33]. Member of Best Western hotel chain.  edit
  • Bing Hua Hotel (冰花酒店), 2 Tian He Bei Lu(2号冰花酒店首层(广州大道转角处), +86 20 8750 2888 - 3315/3300. Located at the gateway to Tian He and features one of the city's finest pubs in its lobby, Hooley's, featuring a foreign chef.  edit
  • Dragon Pearl Hotel, 91 Longkuo West Road, Tianhe District, 0086-020-87241616, [34]. Rooms are cozily fitted with a sofa, dining area, writing desk and chair, and private toilet and bath with shower. Essential features like Internet access, an IDD phone, and refrigerator are also provided. Welcome drinks and a fresh fruit plate are served upon arrival.  edit
  • Golden World Hotel, No 38 West Panyu Road, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, China, 0086-020-87241616, [35]. Conveniently located 10 minute walk from Tianhe Square. Well appointed rooms, restaurant and 24 hour room serice.  edit
  • Guangdong Bostan Hotel, No. 76 Tianhe North Rd., Tianhe District, +1 86-20-38782888, [36]. Superb corporate assistance without sacrificing recreational pleasures. The hotel has multifunction halls and meeting rooms great for business or personal affairs, as well as KTV rooms, a beauty salon, and restaurants that serve Sichuan and Xinjiang cuisines.  edit
  • Guangdong Victory Hotel (广东胜利宾馆), 53 Shamian Bei Jie (沙面北街53号) (Metro 1 Huang Sha), +86 20 8121-6688, [37]. On Shamian Island, offers good value rooms and nice service. English is spoken. The concierge assistance available. There is also a recently renovated annex building nearby, which offers more upscale rooms than the main building. ¥320.  edit
  • Guangzhou Hotel (广州宾馆), 2 Qiyi Lu, Haizhu Square (海珠广场起义路2号) (Metro 2, Hai Zhu Guang Chang), +86 20 8333-8168, [38].  edit
  • Guangzhou Lido Hotel, No. 182, Beijing Rd., +86-20-83321988, [39]. In the heart of downtown and Beijing Road Shopping Street.  edit
  • Hotel Canton (广州大厦), 374 Beijing Lu (广州市北京路374号), +86 20 8318-9888, [40]. This was once a glorious hotel, but it's now a bit outdated. However, it is in the northern end of Beijing Lu pedestrian shopping street. Metro station for both lines 1 and 2 nearby. ¥390.  edit
  • Hotel Landmark (华厦大酒店), 8 Qiaoguang Lu, Haizhu Square (海珠广场侨光路8号) (Metro 2, Hai Zhu Guang Chang), +86 20 8335-5988, [41].  edit
  • Kaying Hotel, 418 Huanshi E Rd., Tianhe District, +86-21-61226688 Ext. 7800, [42]. Perfect for business executives, as it is in the heart of the financial and business district. The hotel offers 339 rooms, 2 conference rooms, a hotpot restaurant, and a Western restaurant. Online reservations.  edit
  • Liuhua Hotel, 194 Huanshi Xi Lu (Across from main train station), +86 20 8666-8800.  edit
  • Nanyang King's Gate Hotel, (near Baiyun Mountain in Tianhe District), +86-20-61368888, [43]. +" lat="" long="">5-star hotel with 468 air-conditioned rooms and modern comforts, which includes a bathroom with steam area and massage tub. Chinese and Western restaurants, lobby bar, conference hall, health club, and KTV. ¥333.  edit
  • Novotel Baiyun Airport Guangzhou (广州诺富特白云机场大酒店), in the Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport complex..  edit
  • Zhong Qiao Hotel Guangzhou, No. 103 Chigang Road, Haizhu District, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China, +86(20)62764628, [44]. Zhong Qiao Hotel Guangzhou is in Haizhu business area, the hotel that offers guests best hotel location and guest-friendly accommodation rates. Zhong Qiao Hotel Guangzhou is also located near the Pazhou Trade Center, where the Canton Fair, one of the largest and most comprehensive international trade fairs in the world, is held. And while you’re staying in Zhong Qiao Hotel Guangzhou discover the other great things that the Guangzhou city has to offer like the Pearl River Promenade, Guangzhou East Railway Station and lots more.  edit
  • Asia International Hotel (亚洲国际大酒店), 326 Huangshi Dong Lu, Sec 1 (环市东路326号), +86 20 6128-8888, [45]. One of a handful of hotels that feature separate bath and shower areas in a standard room. Internet access is free but slow. It also features Guangzhou's highest revolving restaurant on the top level.  edit
  • China Hotel (中国大酒店), 100 Liuhua Lu (流花路100号) (Metro 2 Yue Xiu Gong Yuan), +86 20 8666-6888, [46]. Marriott hotel in the heart of downtown. Its ground level has direct access to Guangzhou Metro. ¥650.  edit
  • China Mayors Plaza (广州市长大厦), 189 Tianhe Bei Lu (天河北路189号), +86 20 8755-3838, [47]. ¥600.  edit
  • Dong Fang Hotel (东方宾馆), 120 Liuhua Lu (流花路120号) (Metro 2 Yue Xiu Gong Yuan), +86 20 8666-9900, [48].  edit
  • Donlord International Hotel, No. 63 N Guangzhou Ave., Tianhe District, +86-20-87748999, [49]. 288 rooms and Guantang Chinese Restaurant, specializing in top-grade Cantonese and Chaozhou dishes. Four Seasons Cafe provides French style food, music, and bar.  edit
  • Garden Hotel (花园酒店), 368 Huanshi Dong Lu (环市东路368号), +86 20 8333-8989, [50]. Arguably the most recognizable hotel in the heart of the city, has both standard hotel rooms as well as apartments and offices for rent. Deluxe rooms are clean but basic, elite rooms are newly renovated and attractive. Excellent dinner buffet at the revolving restaurant on the top level. Shops, HSBC and Bank of China branches, and a bus station serving express buses to the Guangzhou airport, the Hong Kong airport and nearby cities such as Zhuhai.  edit
  • Grand Hyatt Guangzhou, 12 Zhujiang West Road, Pearl River New City, Tianhe District (in the new central business district), + 86 20 8396 1234 (), [51]. A 5 star hotel with 350 rooms and suites enjoying views of Pearl River, open bathroom concept, Wi-Fi and iPod docking station. Hyatt Grand Club lounge for free continental breakfast and canapés.  edit
  • Guangdong International Hotel (广东国际大酒店), 339 Huanshi Dong Lu (环市东路339号), +86 20 8331-1888, [52].  edit
  • Han Feng International Hotel, Tianhe N Rd., Tianhe District (near Pazhou Complex), [53]. Free broadband Internet, apart from generously furnished rooms and conference suites.  edit
  • Holiday Inn City Center Guangzhou (文化假日酒店), 28 Guangming Lu, Overseas Chinese Village, Huanshi Dong Lu(环市东路华侨新村光明路28号) (off Ouzhuang intersection), +86 20 6128-6868, [54]. Not exactly the newest, biggest or cheapest hotel around, but does offer a convenient location. Rooms are clean, have comfortable beds and pillows, and a good selection of TV channels. Internet access is stable and costs ¥100 a day. Priority Club platinum members get automatic upgrades to executive rooms (based on availability) and access to the executive lounge. An airline ticketing office and a Hertz car rental counter are available. There's also another Holiday Inn at 188 Dishifu Lu.  edit
  • Nan Yang Royal Hotel, 11 Tianfu Rd., Tianhe District, [55]. 5-star hotel offering 268 Victorian-inspired rooms with high speed Internet access and other contemporary amenities. Leisure and dining facilities are also available.  edit
  • Oriental Resort (广州鸣泉居), 1068 Baiyun Dadao Nan (白云大道南1068号) (On Baiyun Mountain), +86 20 8663-2888, [56]. Quiet and away from the city. ¥600.  edit
  • 95 Chepi Rd., Tianhe District (near Zhongshan Rd.), [57]. 4-star hotel offers free broadband Internet apart from generously furnished rooms and conference suites.
  • The Westin Guangzhou, 6 Lin He Zhong Rd., Tian He District, +86 20 2886 6868, [58]. Next to the Consular section of the U.S. Consulate. It's also a short walk to the East Rail station for trains to Hong Kong. 448 rooms and suites.  edit
  • White Swan Hotel (白天鹅宾馆), 1 Shamian Nan Jie (沙面南街1号) (Metro 1 Huang Sha), +86 20 8188-6968, [59]. On the banks of the Pearl River on the quiet Shamian Island, complimented by a charming park nearby where locals can be found doing taichi. Surrounding the hotel are blocks of little shops run by locals willing to bargain. Offers a traditional Chinese restaurant and an American style restaurant to accommodate its visitors. ¥800.  edit

Stay safe

While not a dangerous city, Guangzhou's crime rate is higher than the rest of China. Due to the enormous number of people from other mainland provinces flocking to Guangzhou in the hope of finding jobs (often unsuccessfully), the area surrounding the main train station has gained a notorious reputation for being chaotic, unsafe and rampant with petty crimes. Pickpockets are especially active here. In recent years, armed (large blades, knives, and such) robberies in the open and abductions which result in first degree murders have been on the rise in the city, even though such crimes are punishable by death. Just bear in mind, when people become desperate, they will do anything to get what they want. If you are getting robbed, do not expect the crowd to help. And if they are armed, do not fight back. The best defense, as always, is common sense. Do not flash your valuables in public, do not wander around by yourself late at night and remain alert at all times. Use only official taxis and get advice from the government-run tourist office.

There has been increasing incidences of HIV positive men and women using infected syringes to threaten people for cash. Other tactics include walking across heavy traffic whilst carrying bags of goods and deliberately knocking them into nearby cars hoping to fool drivers and asking money for compensation.

Use caution at bars or night clubs. Foreigners have been targets for physical assaults in these venues. Attacks on foreigners have been provoked when someone is perceived to have made derogatory statements about China.

With its vast, ever-increasing population, there will always be people (mostly from out of town) who just seem to be hanging around. Those unaccustomed to this may feel intimidated, especially Westerners who get stared at a lot. However, please remember that rural Chinese are not used to seeing a "Gwai Lo" (a Westerner), so their stares are merely out of interest, and should not be taken as something rude or offensive. In this respect, it is important to be aware that three out of 10 people in Guangzhou are migrants from other provinces.

Traffic accident rates in Guangzhou (or China for that matter) are significantly higher than those of other countries. Use extra caution when crossing streets; use pedestrian bridges and tunnels whenever possible. Like everywhere else in China, cars do not yield to pedestrians. Instead, drivers automatically expect pedestrians to yield to them. So in most cases, they don't stop until it's too late.

Motorcycles (other than 3 wheeled vehicles for the handicapped) have been completely banned from Guangzhou's streets due to a previous rash of motorcycle based snatch and grab robberies and other safety issues.

Emergency numbers are: Police: 110; Fire: 119; Medical: 120; Traffic accident: 122.

  • The area dialing code for Guangzhou is 020. From overseas, dial +86 20 XXXX-XXXX. Phone numbers are 8 digits.
  • Tourism Administration of Guangzhou Municipality (广州市旅游局) [60] 13-15/F, 140 Dong Feng Xi Rd. (东风西路140号13-15楼). +86 20 8107-8200.
  • Consulates
    • Australia, 12F, Development Center, No.3 Lin Jiang Da Dao, Zhu Jiang New City (珠江新城临江大道3号发展中心12楼) +86 20 3814-0111.
    • Belgium, Rm. 1601-1602A, Citic Plaza, 233 Tie He Bei Rd. (天河北路233号中信广场1601-1602A室) +86 20 3877-2351/6.
    • Cambodia, Rm. 804-807, Garden Hotel, 368 Huan Shi Dong Rd. (环市东路368号花园大厦804-807室) +86 20 8384-9937.
    • Canada, Ste. 801, China Hotel Office Tower, Liu Hua Rd. (流花路中国大酒店商业大厦80) +86 20 8666-0569.
    • Cuba, (珠江新城华明路13号华普广场东塔10/D室) +86 20 2238-2603.
    • Denmark, Ste. 1578, China Hotel Office Tower, Liu Hua Rd. (流花路中国大酒店商业大厦1578室) +86 20 8666-0795.
    • Finland, Rm. 3309B-12, Citic Plaza, 233 Tie He Bei Rd. (天河北路233号中信广场3309B-12室) +86 20 3877-0188.
    • France, Rm. 803 Guangdong International Hotel Main Tower, 339 Huan Shi Dong Rd. (广东国际大酒店主楼801-803室) +86 20 2829-2000.
    • Germany, Rm. 19F, Guangdong International Hotel, 339 Huan Shi Dong Rd. (环市东路339号广东国际大酒店19楼) +86 20 8330-6533.
    • India, Units 1401-1404, 14th Floor, Skyfame Tower, 8 Linhe Zhong Road, Tianhe District, +86-20-85501501-05 (印度驻广州总领事馆. 天河区林和中路8号, 天誉三期14楼1401-1404单元)
    • Indonesia, Rm. 1201-1223, West Building, Dong Fang Hotel, 120 Liu Hua Rd. (流花路120号东方宾馆西座2楼1201-1223室) +86 20 8601-8772.
    • Italy [61], Rm. 5207-5208, Citic Plaza, 233 Tian He Bei Rd. (天河北路233号中信广场5207-5208室) +86 020 3877-0556/7/8/9.
    • Japan, Garden Tower, 368 Huanshi Dong Lu (环市东路368号花园酒店1楼) +86 20 8334-3090.
    • Korea, 18F, Guangzhou International Commercial Centre West Tower, 122 Ti Yu Dong Rd. (体育东路羊城国际商贸中心西塔18楼) +86 20 3887-0555.
    • Malaysia, Rm. 1912-1918, Citic Plaza, 233 Tian He Bei Rd. (天河北路233号中信广场 1915-18室) +86 20 3877-0757.
    • Mexico, Rm. 1402-03, 183 Tian He Bei Rd. (天河北路183号大都会广场1401室) +86 20 2222-0980.
    • Netherlands, Rm. 905, Guangdong International Hotel, 339 Huan Shi Dong Rd. (环市东路339号广东国际大酒店主楼905室) +86 20 8330-2067.
    • Norway, Rm. 1802, Citic Plaza, 233 Tian He Bei Rd. (挪威驻广州总领馆, 广州市天河北路233号中信广场18楼1802室, 邮编: 510613) +86 20 3811 3188 .
    • New Zealand, Rm. 1160, China Hotel Office Tower, Liu Hua Rd. (流花路中国大酒店商业大厦1160室) +86 20 8667-0253.
    • Pakistan, Rm. No. 705-06, Grand Tower No. 228, Tianhe Rd.,510620, +86-20 85505679/85505680.
    • Philippines, Rm. 709-711, Guangdong International Hotel, 339 Huan Shi Dong Rd. (环市东路339号广东国际大酒店710室) +86 20 8331-1461.
    • Poland, 63 Shamian Dajie (沙面大街63号) Tel: +86 20 8121-9993/4.
    • Singapore, Rm. 2418, Citic Plaza, 233 Tian He Bei Rd. (天河北路233号中信广场2418室) +86 20 3891-2345.
    • Sweden, Rm. 1002B-1003, Citic Plaza, 233 Tian He Bei Rd. (广州市天河北路233号中信广场1002B-1003室) +86 20 3891-2383.
    • Switzerland, 27F, Grand Tower, 228 Tian He Rd. (天河区天河路228号广晟大厦27层) +86 20 3833-0450.
    • Thailand, M07 Garden Hotel, 368 Huan Shi Dong Rd. (环市东路368号花园酒店2楼M07室) +86 20 8384-9937.
    • United Kingdom, 7F, Guangdong International Hotel, 339 Huan Shi Dong Rd. (环市东路339号广东国际大酒店二楼 ) +86 20 8314-3000.
    • U.S.A., (美国驻广州总领事馆) [62] Note that the visa, passport and adoption sections of the Consulate have recently moved to 5th Floor Tian Yu Garden (Phase II) 136-146 Linhe Zhong Lu (林和中路136-146号天御花园二期5楼); Mailing address remains and other offices remain at: 1 Shamian Nan Jie, Shamian Island (沙面南街一号), +86 20 8121-8000. This is the only U.S. Consulate in China that processes adoption visas.
    • Vietnam, 2F Building B North, Landmark Canton Hotel, 8 Qiao Guang Rd., Haizhu Square (侨光路8号华厦大酒店B座2楼) +86 20 8330-5911.
  • Internet cafes are common in major Chinese cities, though are often the target of government crackdowns. Popular ones in Guangzhou include:
    • Worldwide Network on Jiangsu Lu
    • the more up-market Sparkice in Central Plaza on Huai Hai Zhong Lu
    • China Mayors Plaza (市长大厦). 189 Tianhe Bei Lu (天河北路189号)
    • Budget Internet Cafe on Fuzhou Lu
    • Starbucks
  • Police: The Public Security Bureau Exit-Entry Administration Division is located at 155 Jiefang Nan Lu (解放南路155号) +86 20 8311-5808 (M-F 8:50AM-11:30AM, 2:30PM-5PM.) You can get your visa extension done here if needed.



ATMs that accept foreign credit or debit cards are common in shopping malls and tourist areas. Withdrawal is available in Chinese currency only. Most banks also accept exchanges from your local currencies to RMB. Your passport is required for this service. However, they do not change it back to your local currencies.

  • Bank of China (中国银行) [63] There is a branch inside Garden Hotel. ATM is available on the ground floor of White Swan Hotel, and over 100 locations in Guangzhou. Their ATMs are the best bet for using foreign cards.
  • Bank of America [64] Rm 2506, 555 Renmin Zhong Lu. +86-20 8130-0888. The bank has alliance with China Construction Bank.
  • Citi [65] Unit 101, Fortune Plaza No. 118 TiYu East Road Tian He district. +86-20-38981688. This bank has a full service branch, foreign currency exchange services, and a 24 hour International ATM Service.


Few lower end hotels and hostels have coin-operated self-service laundry room. Self-service laundromats are not available on the streets, although dry clean and laundry stores are available to clean your clothes. Normally you can drop your clothes off and pick them up the next day. One laundry chain is TianTian (天天洗衣), which is conveniently located in all Metro stations. There are many stores on Shamian Island that have laundry service. An average load of laundry costs about ¥100. In other parts of the city, there are laundry/dry clean shops sprinkled throughout neighborhoods. An average load should cost no more than ¥40 (couple pair of bottoms, one or two skirts/shorts, 6 or so tops). If you are doing sheets and blankets, they should charge no more then ¥10 for a blanket, ¥30 for a quilt. Dry-cleaning a sweater is about ¥8.


Guangzhou Television (GZTV) [66] has an English channel, offering entertainment and cultural programs. There are two English channels from Hong Kong, "Pearl" and "ATV World", available in most hotels, offer a great selection of prime time shows from US and UK.

Newspapers and Magazines

The China Daily and/or Global Times are the two only English language newspapers available in Guangzhou, and both can be found on newstands throughout the city. There are several bookstores throughout the city that sell current English and Foreign periodicals. The South China Morning Post from Hong Kong is also avaliable by subscription only.

Places of worship

All the religious sites listed in the See section are open to worshippers.

  • Christian: Guangzhou International Christian Fellowship [67] holds weekly service on Sundays at 10AM for expats from around the world in English. You must show your travel documents to enter since residents are not allowed there due to local laws. The meeting location is Star Hotel (景星酒店) near the East Train Station. Phone: 1366 234 6904. Hotel Address: 89 Linhe Xi Lu (林和西路89号). (Metro 1 Dong Zhan)


Guangzhou has several branches of Total Fitness. One of the locations is at the 8th floor of Zhengjie Plaza (正佳广场). The Guangzhou Marriott (China Hotel, A Marriott Hotel) has a complete new gym (Dec. 2008) with brand new Star Trac equipment, a swimming pool, tennis court, sauna and steam. The hotel is easy accessible from the subway

  • Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital is near the Garden Hotel. 106 Zhong Shan Er Lu. +86 20 8382-7812, +86 20 2062-2031.
  • Kaiyi International Dental Care [68] Ice Flower Hotel, 2 Tianhe Bei Lu. +86 20 3886-4821, +86 20 3387-4278.
  • Post Office - There is a post office on Shamian (Shamian 3 Jie 沙面三街) 9AM-5PM, closed on Sunday.
  • DHL - There is a branch in Garden Hotel.
  • UPS 1121 Guangyuan Zhong Lu, +86 20 8657-9898.
  • Guangzhou4U [69] offer business tour guide,interpreter services
  • Visit the peach orchards and canals at nearby Xiazhou.
  • Yuanxuan Taoist Temple includes three Taoist temples in one complex: Sanqing Temple, Taihe Temple and Yuanchen Temple. Sanqing Temple is the most architecturally important of the three structures, while Yuanxuan Taoist Temple has carvings of divine beings. The central hall is covered by yellow glazed tiles and decorated with the bright images of Yuqing, Shangqing and Taiqing, the three authoritative deities in Taoism. The temple is located near Bi Village in southwest Xinhua Town. You can take the No. 9 bus from Hua Du Downtown. (Admission ¥2)
  • The dwellings of overseas Chinese from the early 20th century in Kaiping (开平).
  • Foshan (佛山) is only an hour away from Guangzhou. Famous for its Ancestry Temple (祖庙), it is also the home to legendary Wong Fei Hong, a martial art master.
  • Hong Kong (香港) is 2-3 hours away, depending on the modes of transportation.
  • Humen (虎门) in Dongguan (东莞) is famous for its Opium War era relics (虎门销烟). It is a bridge away from the Nansha District.
  • Shenzhen (深圳) is a new city on the borders of Hong Kong, one of the first special economic zones set up in China. Check out theme parks such as Windows of the World, The China Folk Culture Villages and Splendid China. Frequent buses and trains are available (Tickets around ¥60 - ¥80). The trip will take 1 to 2 hours. Make sure you have your passport while traveling to Shenzhen; they check it when you enter Shenzhen, although you are still in Guangdong, China.
  • Zhuhai (珠海) is another special economic zone to the south, at the border with Macau. You can get a bus ride from any of the major bus stations in the city. A train line is under construction but,as of mid-2009, not complete.
Routes through Guangzhou
ChangshaShaoguan  N noframe S  END
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Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary



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Proper noun




  1. A city in the south-east of China, the third largest city, in the province of Guangdong



See also


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