Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport: Wikis

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Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
广州白云国际机场
Guǎngzhōu Báiyún Guójì Jīchǎng
Baiyun airport logo.svg
Baiyun Airport Front Entrance.png
IATA: CANICAO: ZGGG
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport Co. Ltd.
Serves Guangzhou
Hub for China Southern Airlines
FedEx Express
Elevation AMSL 15 m / 50 ft
Coordinates 23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.3925°N 113.29889°E / 23.3925; 113.29889
Website www.baiyunairport.com
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02L/20R 3,600 11,811 Concrete
02R/20L 3,800 12,467 Concrete
3,800 12,467 Under Construction

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (IATA: CANICAO: ZGGG) (simplified Chinese: 广州白云国际机场traditional Chinese: 廣州白雲國際機場pinyin: Guǎngzhōu Báiyún Guójì Jīchǎng) is the main airport of Guangzhou, the capital of the province of Guangdong, People's Republic of China. Both airport codes were inherited from the previous Guangzhou airport, and the IATA code reflects Guangzhou's former romanization Canton. The airport is the main hub of China Southern Airlines and a focus city for Shenzhen Airlines.

In 2009, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport was China's 2nd busiest and world's 22nd busiest airport in terms of passenger traffic, with 37,048,550 people handled. As for cargo traffic, the airport was the 3rd busiest in China and the 21st busiest worldwide. Guangzhou airport is also the 2nd busiest airport in terms of traffic movements in China.

Contents

Overview

The current airport in Huadu District opened on August 5, 2004, replacing the 72-year-old previous, identically named Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (now closed). The new airport, built at a cost of 19.8 billion yuan, is 28 kilometers (17 statute miles) from downtown Guangzhou and nearly 5 times larger than its predecessor.

The opening of the New Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport had relieved most of the controversies of the older and deteriorated airport because of the limited space, overcrowding and lack of expansions. Its opening allowed it to overcome curfews and restrictions and begin a 24 hour operation. This meant that China Southern Airlines could highly utilize their intercontinental routes by flying overnight. Other airlines have this benefit too.

"Baiyun" (白云) means "white cloud" in Chinese, and refers to Baiyun Mountain (Baiyunshan) near the location of the former airport. The airport is also referred to as "New Baiyun" to distinguish it from the previous version, but this is not a part of the official name.

Future development

The E3 and W3 have opened. [1]Construction of the E3 (East 3) and W3 (West 3) corridors are due to be completed in September 2009, which will increase the airport's capacity to 45 million passengers a year. A neutral cargo terminal will be put into operation in 2009[2] while a new metro station located under the existing airport terminal building, named Airport South, is under construction. The station is part of the Line 3 northern extension project which will link the airport to the city. The new line is due to be completed in 2010 when travelling time between the airport and the city centre will be reduced to about half an hour.

In August 2008, the airport's new expansion plan got approved by the National Development and Reform Commission of China[3] [4]. According to the expansion project, the airport will build a third runway located 400 metres east of the existing east runway. The new runway will be 3800 metres long and 60 metres wide. Other facilities of the expansion plan include a 531,000-square-metre Terminal 2, a new indoor car park and an outdoor car park, a transportation centre and a metro station which will serve Terminal 2. The total cost of the project will be ¥14.036 billion. Construction of Terminal 2 is estimated to start in 2010. When the whole project is finished in 2015, the airport will be able to handle 75 million passengers and more than 2.17 million tonnes of cargo a year.

The airport announced a 300-million yuan renovation project on January 9, 2009. The project will increase the security checkpoints from the present 25 to 67, at the same time add more parking spaces and introduce more low-price restaurants to the airport. It is planned to be completed with the E3 and W3 corridors in November 2009.[5]

Terminals, airlines and destinations

Drop off zone outside Terminal 1
Interior of
Terminal 1
The departure lobby of Terminal 1
Airlines Destinations
Air China Beijing-Capital, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Daxian, Guilin, Guiyang, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Jiuzhaigou, Luzhou, Nanjing, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Tianjin, Wanzhou, Wenzhou, Yibin, Yuncheng
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air Madagascar Antananarivo, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Narita
Asiana Airlines Busan, Seoul-Incheon
Batavia Air Jakarta
Cebu Pacific Cebu [begins 25 April][6], Manila
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Haikou, Hangzhou, Hefei, Huangyan, Jinan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Mangshi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Wenzhou, Wuxi, Wuhan, Yichang, Yinchuan, Xi'an
China Southern Airlines Amsterdam, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Baoshan, Beihai, Beijing-Capital, Cebu, Changchun, Changde, Changsha, Changzhi, Changzhou, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dali, Dalian, Da Nang, Dandong, Daqing, Datong, Delhi, Denpasar, Dhaka, Diqing, Dubai, Enshi, Fukuoka, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Handan, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Harbin, Hefei, Ho Chi Minh City, Hohhot, Hong Kong, Hotan, Huangshan, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta, Jeju, Jiamus, Jilin, Jinghong, Jining, Jinjiang, Kathmandu, Kitakyushu, Korla, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Kunming, Kuqa, Langkawi [seasonal], Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lianyungang, Lijiang, Liping, Liuzhou, Los Angeles, Luoyang, Male [ends 25 March], Manila, Meixien, Melbourne, Mianyang, Mudanjiang, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, Nanyang, Ningbo, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Qiemo, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Saipan, Sanya, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shantou, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Tachang, Taipei-Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo-Narita, Tongren, ürümqi, Vientiane, Weihai, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Wuyishan, Wuzhou, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangfan, Xining, Xuzhou, Yancheng, Yangon, Yanji, Yantai, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yining, Yiwu, Yongzhou, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhijian
China United Airlines Beijing-Nanyuan
China West Air Chongqing
Deer Air Chengdu, Chongqing, Haikou, Hangzhou, Kunming, Lijiang, Sanya, Zhangjiajie
Dragonair Hong Kong
EgyptAir Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cairo
Emirates Dubai
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
EVA Air Kaohsiung, Taipei-Taoyuan
Garuda Indonesia Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta
Hainan Airlines Beijing-Capital, Changsha, Dalian, Guiyang, Harbin, Haikou, Hangzhou, Hefei, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Sanya, Shenyang, Taipei-Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xiamen, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou
Japan Airlines Nagoya-Centrair, Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita
Kenya Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Nairobi
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon
Kunpeng Airlines Baise
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Malaysia Airlines Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Kuching
Pakistan International Airlines Dhaka [begins 29 April], Lahore [begins 29 April]
Qatar Airways Doha
Shandong Airlines Jinan, Linyi, Qingdao, Yantai
Shanghai Airlines Guilin, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Wenzhou, Xiamen
Shenzhen Airlines Baotou, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhou, Chengdu, Dalian, Denpasar, Guiyang, Guilin, Haikou, Harbin, Hohhot, Huangyan, Jinan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Qingdao, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shenyang, Tianjin, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Zhengzhou, Zhoushan
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Spring Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao
Thai AirAsia Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Tiger Airways Singapore
United Eagle Airlines Chengdu, Liuzhou
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
Vladivostok Air Khabarovsk
Xiamen Airlines Fuzhou, Jinjiang, Wuyishan, Xiamen
Yemenia Sana'a [begins 01 June]
Cities with international airlink to Baiyun Airport

Cargo Hub

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FedEx Asia-Pacific hub

On July 13, 2005, FedEx Express signed a contract with the airport to build a new Asia-Pacific hub at the airport. The new hub is the largest FedEx hub outside the United States, and replaced the hub at Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines[7].

The new Asia-Pacific hub covers an area of 63 hectares(155 acres), with a total floor space of 82,000 square meters[7]. At the beginning of operation, the hub employs 900 people and operates 136 flights a week, providing delivery services among 21 major cities in Asia and linking these cities to more than 220 countries and territories in the world [8].

According to FedEx, the hub has its own ramp control tower, a first for an international air express cargo company facility in China, which enables FedEx to control aircraft movements on the ground, aircraft parking plans as well as loading and unloading priorities. Also included at the hub are a unique package and sorting system with 16 high-speed sorting lines, seven round-out conveyor belts and a total of 90 primary and secondary document-sorting splits. With the new advanced system, up to 24,000 packages can be sorted an hour at the start of operations[9].

Construction began in 2006 and the hub was originally scheduled to open on December 26, 2008. But on November 17, 2008, after several months of testing, FedEx announced that the opening date was delayed to the first half of 2009 when the hub was expected to be fully operational. FedEx claimed that the revised operation date "provided FedEx with the necessary time to fully test all systems and processes, as well as work closely with the Guangzhou authorities to ensure all necessary approvals are in place"[9].

On December 17, 2008, the hub completed its first flight operations test. A FedEx MD-11 aircraft took off from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines and landed at Baiyun Airport at 5:50a.m.. The flight was handled by the new FedEx hub team, utilizing the FedEx ramp control tower and the new 24,000 package per hour sort system. Following a successful operations' process, the flight departed on time for its final destination at Charles de Gaulle International Airport in Paris, France. This Asia-Europe flight route operated four times per week during test run. FedEx also announced that the hub would start operation on February 6, 2009[10].

FedEx closed its 13-year-old Asia-Pacific hub at Subic Bay of northern Philippines on February 6, 2009 with the last flight leaving for Taiwan just before dawn, while hub operations have moved to Baiyun Airport[11]. The first flight that arrived at the new FedEx Asia-Pacific hub originated from Indianapolis International Airport. The MD-11 aircraft landed at 11:07p.m. at Baiyun International Airport from Charles de Gaulle International Airport in Paris, marking the opening and full operations of the new Asia-Pacific hub[12].

International cargo flights

Airlines Destinations
Asiana Cargo Seoul-Incheon
Etihad Crystal Cargo Abu Dhabi, Dhaka
FedEx Express Almaty, Anchorage, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Clark, Cologne-Bonn, Delhi, Dubai, Frankfurt, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Honolulu, Indianapolis, Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur, London-Stansted, Los Angeles, Manila, Memphis, Mumbai, Newark, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Penang, San Francisco, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Subic Bay, Sydney, Tokyo-Narita
JAL Cargo Tokyo-Narita
Korean Air Cargo Seoul-Incheon, Sydney
Lufthansa Cargo Astana, Delhi, Frankfurt
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur
UPS Airlines Anchorage, Honolulu, Ontario, Seoul-Incheon, Sydney

Cross-strait charter cargo flights

Airlines Destinations
Air China Cargo Taipei-Taiwan Taoyuan
China Airlines Cargo Taipei-Taiwan Taoyuan
China Southern Cargo Taipei-Taiwan Taoyuan
EVA Air Cargo Taipei-Taiwan Taoyuan

Domestic cargo flights

Airlines Destinations
China Postal Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao, Nanjing
Yangtze River Express Hangzhou, Xiamen

Airport hotel

The Pullman Guangzhou Baiyun Airport is a five-star hotel managed by Accor, a French hotel management group. Located beside the airport terminal, the hotel offers 460 guestrooms, an Executive Lounge and conference facilities with Wi-Fi access throughout.

Data

  • Runways: 2 (3800 m and 3600 m), room reserved for 5
  • Aircraft parking bays: 166 (passenger apron and cargo apron)
  • Current passenger capacity: 25 million passengers per year
    • Planned passenger capacity in 2010: 45 million passengers per year
    • Planned passenger capacity in 2020: 75 million passengers per year[4]
  • Current cargo capacity: 1 million tonnes
    • Planned cargo capacity in 2010: 2 million tonnes
    • Planned cargo capacity in 2020: over 2.17 million tonnes[4]
  • Destinations: 100 (mostly domestic)
  • Branch airports: Shantou, Meizhou, Zhanjiang

Photo gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.ycwb.com/ePaper/ycwb/html/2010-02/09/content_742041.htm
  2. ^ "CNY1 Billion Expansion Plan For Guangzhou Baiyun Airport". China Hospitality News. 2009-01-13. http://www.chinahospitalitynews.com/en/2009/02/13/10499-cny1-billion-expansion-plan-for-guangzhou-baiyun-airport/. Retrieved 2009-01-13. 
  3. ^ "Baiyun Airport expansion project receives approval from NDRC". AvBuyer.com.cn. 2008-08-24. http://www.avbuyer.com.cn/e/2008/28121.html. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  4. ^ a b c "Third Runway to Be Built In the Baiyun Airport". Guangzhou Municipal Government. 2008-08-22. http://www.gz.gov.cn/vfs/subsite/JGIN7QPB-AZE4-2MTO-EA6G-R281E8V2SFJH/content/content_visitor.jsp?contentId=591911&catId=5944. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  5. ^ "300 Million yuan to Renovate Baiyun Airport". Life of Guangzhou. 2009-01-10. http://www.lifeofguangzhou.com/node_10/node_37/node_85/2009/01/10/123156494458591.shtml. Retrieved 2009-01-11. 
  6. ^ http://www.sunstar.com.ph/cebu/cebu-pacific-airways-launches-flights-guangdong-cebu
  7. ^ a b FedEx (2005-07-13). "FedEx Expands Leadership in Asia Pacific with Plan to Build Region's Largest Air Cargo Hub in Guangzhou, China". Press release. http://news.van.fedex.com/intl/fr?node=5160. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  8. ^ FedEx (2009-02). "FedEx Express Guangzhou Hub Fact Sheet". Press release. http://news.van.fedex.com/files/Fact%20sheet%20-%20FedEx%20APAC%20Hub_GZ.doc. Retrieved 2009-02-19. 
  9. ^ a b FedEx (2008-11-17). "New FedEx Asia-Pacific Hub Prepares for Opening". Press release. http://news.van.fedex.com/node/12029. Retrieved 2008-11-18. 
  10. ^ FedEx (2008-12-17). "FedEx Initiates Flight Operations Test at its New Asia Pacific Hub in Baiyun International Airport in Guangzhou". Press release. http://news.van.fedex.com/intl/cn?node=12371. Retrieved 2008-12-19. 
  11. ^ "FedEx closes hub in Philippines". AFP. 2009-02-06. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5jHsE_zHv0oatAy5umP6gEiIg-ocQ. Retrieved 2009-02-07. 
  12. ^ FedEx (2009-02-09). "FedEx Express Opens New Asia Pacific Hub in Guangzhou, China". Press release. http://news.van.fedex.com/Guangzhou. Retrieved 2009-02-19. 

External links


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